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red blood cell distribution width

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025386/preoperative-cardiac-risk-assessment-in-renal-transplant-recipients-a-single-center-experience
#1
Kerem Can Yilmaz, Arzu Neslihan Akgün, Orcun Ciftci, Haldun Muderrisoglu, Siren Sezer, Gokhan Moray, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients on renal replacement therapy and in kidney transplant recipients. There are no specific recommendations for preoperative cardiac risk assessment before renal transplant. The aim of our study was to analyze preoperative cardiac test frequencies, test results, patient characteristics, and relations between cardiac stress test results and severe coronary artery disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively examined patients who underwent renal transplant between December 2011 and December 2016 in our hospital (Ankara, Turkey)...
October 12, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991058/red-cell-distribution-width-after-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#2
Vito Fontana, Ottavia Bond, Savino Spadaro, Filippo Annoni, Leda Nobile, Rafael Badenes, Carlo A Volta, Jean-L Vincent, Jacques Creteur, Fabio S Taccone
BACKGROUND: High red cell distribution width (RDW) values have been associated with increased hospital mortality in critically ill patients, but few data are available for subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). METHODS: We analyzed an institutional database of adult (>18 y) patients admitted to the Department of Intensive Care after nontraumatic SAH between January 2011 and May 2016. RDW (normal value, 10.9% to 13.4%) was obtained daily from admission for a maximum of 7 days, from routine blood analysis...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990845/the-relationship-between-red-cell-distribution-width-and-the-risk-of-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-nephritis
#3
X Zhu, M Zhang, F Lan, H Wei, Q He, S Li, X Qin
INTRODUCTION: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is elevated in various inflammatory diseases, but its clinical significance in Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) in unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the value of RDW as a risk factor or marker for HSPN in children. METHODS: This was a case-control study of 105 Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) patients, 120 HSPN patients and 192 healthy controls. The relationship between RDW-coefficient of variation (RDW-CV) and the clinical characteristics of HSPN patients was determined by a multiple logistic regression analysis (MVLRA)...
October 9, 2017: British Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989807/red-blood-cell-distribution-width-and-ischaemic-stroke
#4
REVIEW
Gang-Hua Feng, Hai-Peng Li, Qiu-Li Li, Ying Fu, Ren-Bin Huang
The red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is a measure of red blood cell (RBC) size heterogeneity, which is easily calculated by dividing the SD of erythrocyte volumes for the mean corpuscular volume. Recent reporter suggested that, besides haematological diseases and anaemia, many human disorders may be closely associated with the elevated RDW. A literature review has revealed the RDW may be closely related to the development of ischaemic stroke, carotid artery atherosclerosis and cerebral embolism. Higher RDW could independently predict adverse outcomes in patients in these conditions...
September 2017: Stroke and Vascular Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986665/investigating-cell-functioning-by-theoretical-analysis-of-cell-to-cell-variability
#5
REVIEW
Saša Svetina
Here we discuss cell-to-cell variability in isogenic cell populations on the basis of an analogy between the processes of vesicle self-reproduction and cell self-replication. A short review of the theoretical analysis of vesicle self-reproduction is presented to indicate that this process only occurs under the fulfillment of specific criteria: causal relations between the values of vesicle variables involved in its growth and division, and the parameters of the environment. It is shown that when division is asymmetric, both vesicle birth size and interdivision times are variable...
October 6, 2017: European Biophysics Journal: EBJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980298/hematologic-indices-as-predictors-of-atrial-fibrillation-following-isolated-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-valvular-surgery-or-combined-procedures-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#6
Alexander Weymann, Sadeq Ali-Hasan-Al-Saegh, Aron-Frederik Popov, Anton Sabashnikov, Seyed Jalil Mirhosseini, Tong Liu, Gary Tse, Mohammadreza Lotfaliani, Azam Ghanei, Luca Testa, Fabrizio D'Ascenzo, Umberto Benedetto, Hamidreza Dehghan, Leonardo Roever, Michel Pompeu Barros de Oliveira Sá, William L Baker, Senol Yavuz, Mohamed Zeriouh, Ahmed Mashhour, Luis Nombela-Franco, Jae-Sik Jang, Lei Meng, Mengqi Gong, Abhishek J Deshmukh, Tullio Palmerini, Cecilia Linde, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Hugh Calkins, Gregg W Stone
BACKGROUND: New postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is one of the most critical and common complications after cardiovascular surgery precipitating early and late morbidities. Complete blood count (CBC) is an imperative blood test in clinical practice routinely used in the examination of cardiovascular diseases. This systematic review with meta-analysis aimed to determine the strength of evidence for evaluating the association of hematological indices in the CBC tests with atrial fibrillation following isolated coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), isolated valvular surgery or combination of these treatments...
October 5, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961387/red-blood-cell-distribution-width-is-associated-with-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-in-hemodialysis-patients
#7
Hirotaka Fukasawa, Kento Ishibuchi, Mai Kaneko, Hiroki Niwa, Hideo Yasuda, Hiromichi Kumagai, Ryuichi Furuya
Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is an index of red blood cell variability that is usually used to differentiate the cause of anemia. However, clinical evidence for the relationship between RDW and mortality in hemodialysis patients is still lacking. We performed a single center, prospective longitudinal study. During more than 5 years of follow-up in 80 patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis, 34 patients (42.5%) died. In the Kaplan-Meier curve analyses, higher RDW levels (≥ 14.9%) were significantly associated with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality (log-rank test, P < 0...
September 29, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957414/red-blood-cell-distribution-width-genetic-evidence-for-aging-pathways-in-116-666-volunteers
#8
Luke C Pilling, Janice L Atkins, Michael O Duff, Robin N Beaumont, Samuel E Jones, Jessica Tyrrell, Chia-Ling Kuo, Katherine S Ruth, Marcus A Tuke, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Andrew R Wood, Anna Murray, Michael N Weedon, Lorna W Harries, George A Kuchel, Luigi Ferrucci, Timothy M Frayling, David Melzer
INTRODUCTION: Variability in red blood cell volumes (distribution width, RDW) increases with age and is strongly predictive of mortality, incident coronary heart disease and cancer. We investigated inherited genetic variation associated with RDW in 116,666 UK Biobank human volunteers. RESULTS: A large proportion RDW is explained by genetic variants (29%), especially in the older group (60+ year olds, 33.8%, <50 year olds, 28.4%). RDW was associated with 194 independent genetic signals; 71 are known for conditions including autoimmune disease, certain cancers, BMI, Alzheimer's disease, longevity, age at menopause, bone density, myositis, Parkinson's disease, and age-related macular degeneration...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953624/inflammation-nutrition-scope-predicts-prognosis-of-early-stage-hepatocellular-carcinoma-after-curative-resection
#9
Ying Zhu, Jian-Hua Li, Jing Yang, Xiao-Mei Gao, Hu-Liang Jia, Xin Yang
We developed a novel inflammation-nutrition scope (INS) based on systemic inflammatory response and nutritional status, and explored its prognostic value in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), especially for those with early-stage disease.The INS was developed based on a retrospective study of 185 patients with HCC undergoing hepatectomy between 2006 and 2007, and validated in a prospective study of 131 patients enrolled from 2009 to 2010. Prediction accuracy was evaluated with area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUCs)...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939210/toward-a-blood-borne-biomarker-of-chronic-hypoxemia-red-cell-distribution-width-and-respiratory-disease
#10
Joseph W Yčas
Hypoxemia (systemic oxygen desaturation) marks the presence, risk, and progression of many diseases. Episodic or nocturnal hypoxemia can be challenging to detect and quantify. A sensitive, specific, and convenient marker of recent oxygen desaturation represents an unmet medical need. Observations of acclimatization to high altitude in humans and animals reveals several proteosomic, ventilatory, and hematological responses to low oxygen tension. Of these, increased red cell distribution width (RDW) appears to have the longest persistence...
2017: Advances in Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938634/a-novel-predictive-model-using-routinely-clinical-parameters-to-predict-liver-fibrosis-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b
#11
Jian Wang, Xiaomin Yan, Yue Yang, Haiyan Chang, Bei Jia, Xiang-An Zhao, Guangmei Chen, Juan Xia, Yong Liu, Yuxin Chen, Guiyang Wang, Li Wang, Zhaoping Zhang, Weimao Ding, Rui Huang, Chao Wu
OBJECTIVES: Noninvasive models have been established for the assessment of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B(CHB). However, the predictive performance of these established models remains inconclusive. We aimed to develop a novel predictive model for liver fibrosis in CHB based on routinely clinical parameters. RESULTS: Platelets(PLT), the standard deviation of red blood cell distribution width(RDW-SD), alkaline phosphatase(ALP) and globulin were independent predictors of significant fibrosis by multivariable analysis...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936436/prognostic-value-of-admission-red-blood-cell-distribution-width-in-acute-pancreatitis-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Hemant Goyal, Hamza Awad, Zhi-De Hu
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) has been proved to be a strong prognostic marker in various diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, renal failure, viral hepatitis etc. But its prognostic value in acute pancreatitis (AP) remains controversial. The aim of this systematic review is to determine the prognostic value of RDW in AP. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane, Google scholar, and Web of Science were searched on March 2, 2017 to identify studies that investigated the association between RDW and the prognosis of AP...
September 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916240/association-between-red-blood-cell-distribution-width-and-all-cause-mortality-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Tao Zhang, Jing Li, Yan Lin, Hongtao Yang, Shili Cao
BACKGROUND: Considering results among previous studies regarding the relationship of red blood cell distribution width (RDW) and all-cause mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, we aimed to perform a comprehensive meta-analysis to evaluate the potential association between RDW and all-cause mortality in CKD patients. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature using electronic databases (PubMed, Ovid, Embase and Web of Science) to identify the studies reporting the association between RDW and all-cause mortality in CKD patients...
September 12, 2017: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915220/predicting-the-severity-of-acute-pancreatitis-with-red-cell-distribution-width-at-early-admission-stage
#14
Ting Zhang, Hua Liu, Dongyan Wang, Pengfei Zong, Changfeng Guo, Feng Wang, Deqing Wu, Maochun Tang, Jianjun Zhou, Yan Zhao
Red cell distribution width (RDW) has been proposed as an early prognosis marker with increased mortality in variety of pathophysiological conditions. We hypothesized that elevated RDW could be used in judging the severity of acute pancreatitis (AP). We retrospectively and prospectively studied 545 and 72 AP patients, who were admitted to the Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital of Tongji University, respectively. Compared with mild acute pancreatitis, significantly higher RDW was observed in patients with moderately severe acute pancreatitis and sever acute pancreatitis (14...
September 14, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906207/high-absolute-basophil-count-is-a-powerful-independent-predictor-of-inferior-overall-survival-in-patients-with-primary-myelofibrosis
#15
Marko Lucijanic, Ana Livun, Tajana Stoos-Veic, Vlatko Pejsa, Ozren Jaksic, David Cicic, Jelena Lucijanic, Zeljko Romic, Biserka Orehovec, Gorana Aralica, Marko Miletic, Rajko Kusec
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical and prognostic significance of absolute basophil count (ABC) in patients with primary myelofibrosis (PMF). METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 58 patients with PMF treated in our institution in the period from 2006 to 2017. ABC was obtained in addition to other hematological and clinical parameters. Patients were separated into high and low ABC groups using the Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. RESULTS: ABC was higher in PMF patients than in healthy controls (P < 0...
September 14, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881804/altered-erythropoiesis-and-decreased-number-of-erythrocytes-in-children-with-neuroblastoma
#16
Fabio Morandi, Sebastiano Barco, Sara Stigliani, Michela Croce, Luca Persico, Corrado Lagazio, Francesca Scuderi, Maria Luisa Belli, Mariapina Montera, Giuliana Cangemi, Sarah Pozzi, Valentina Rigo, Paola Scaruffi, Loredana Amoroso, Giovanni Erminio, Vito Pistoia, Silvano Ferrini, Maria Valeria Corrias
Neuroblastoma (NB) is a pediatric tumor presenting at diagnosis either as localized or metastatic disease, which mainly involves the bone marrow (BM). The physical occupancy of BM space by metastatic NB cells has been held responsible for impairment of BM function. Here, we investigated whether localized or metastatic NB may alter hematopoietic lineages' maturation and release of mature cells in the periphery, through gene expression profiling, analysis of BM smears, cell blood count and flow cytometry analysis...
August 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879696/clinical-usefulness-of-measuring-red-blood-cell-distribution-width-in-patients-with-hepatitis-b-virus-related-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure
#17
Lei Jin, Yufeng Gao, Jun Ye, Guizhou Zou, Xu Li
BACKGROUND: The red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is increased in chronic liver disease, but its clinical significance in hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) is still unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the clinical significance of RDW in HBV-ACLF patients. METHODS: The medical records of HBV-ACLF patients who were admitted to The Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University between April 2012 and December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876549/useful-laboratory-markers-for-the-diagnosis-of-bone-marrow-involvement-by-malignant-lymphoma
#18
K Nishimura, R Ota, Y Mikajiri, K Takahashi, S Sugishima, T Eto
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate the effect of bone marrow involvement by malignant lymphoma (BMI) on laboratory data and to determine the useful laboratory markers for diagnosing BMI. METHODS: We compared laboratory data between patients with and without BMI. We performed multivariate logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses to evaluate the diagnostic values of independent predictors. RESULTS: In the BMI group, platelets in peripheral blood (PLT) and megakaryocyte count in bone marrow (MgK) were significantly lower than those in the non-BMI group (PLT, P < ...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872499/mean-platelet-volume-red-cell-distribution-width-and-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-before-and-after-surgery-in-patients-with-carotid-body-tumors
#19
Nazim Bozan, Ömer Faruk Kocak, Mehmet Emre Dinc, Canser Yilmaz Demir, Mahfuz Turan, Ahmet Faruk Kiroglu
OBJECTIVE: Carotid body tumors (CBTs) are rare hypervascular benign tumors that originate from the paraganglia at the carotid bifurcation. The red cell distribution width (RDW), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and mean platelet volume (MPV) may serve as markers in inflammatory, cardiovascular, and neoplastic diseases. However, their prognostic value in CBTs is unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess the leukocyte count, MPV, RDW, and NLR before and after surgery in patients with CBTs...
October 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869150/the-association-between-hematological-parameters-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-iranian-men-a-single-center-large-scale-study
#20
Jamal Ahmadzadeh, Behnam Mansorian, Mohammad Mirza-Aghazadeh Attari, Ira Mohebbi, Raha Naz-Avar, Karaim Moghadam, Seyyed Adel Khoshbou Ghareh-Bagh
AIMS: Some studies have demonstrated that metabolic syndrome is associated with hematological parameters. The present study explores the relationship between hematological parameters and numbers of metabolic syndrome conditions in Iranian men. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 11,114 participants who were professional drivers of commercial motor vehicles, and were enrolled in the Iranian Health Surveys between 2014 and 2016. Diagnosis of metabolic syndrome was made according to International Diabetes Federation criteria...
August 23, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
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