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Acute endocrinology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138801/vitamin-d-receptor-activation-influences-the-erk-pathway-and-protects-against-neurological-deficits-and-neuronal-death
#1
Jie Yuan, Xin Guo, Zhengang Liu, Xiuqin Zhao, Yan Feng, Sixin Song, Changmeng Cui, Pei Jiang
Previous studies have demonstrated that global cerebral ischemia (GCI) causes neurological deficits and neuronal cell apoptosis. Calcitriol, a biologically active metabolite of vitamin D, exerts its endocrinological influence via nuclear vitamin D receptor. It is being assessed as an emerging therapeutic strategy in models of various medical conditions, including acute brain injury. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the neuroprotective effects of calcitriol on GCI and further refine the potential underlying mechanisms...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117664/pituitary-abscess-with-unusual-clinical-course
#2
Milica Medić Stojanoska, Duško Kozić, Mladen Bjelan, Petar Vuleković, Nada Vučković, Bojan Vuković, Branka Kovačev Zavišić
The aim is to present unusual clinical course and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of pituitary abscess. A 59-year-old man presented with fever, polyuria, polydipsia and marked weight loss within the last two months. Basic endocrinology tests revealed the presence of anterior pituitary dysfunction, associated with central diabetes insipidus and increased levels of inflammatory markers. The presence of expansile sellar lesion, showing restricted diffusion signal pattern compatible with acute pituitary pyogenic abscess was found on MRI...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073289/pm10-concentration-and-microbiological-assessment-of-air-in-relation-to-the-number-of-acute-cases-of-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-lubelskie-voivodeship-preliminary-report
#3
Małgorzata Michalska, Maria Bartoszewicz, Piotr Wąż, Sylwia Kozaczuk, Iwona Beń-Skowronek, Katarzyna Zorena
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study was to evaluate the relation between the concentration of particulate matter of less than 10 μm in diameter (PM10) in air and the effect of psychrophilic bacteria, mesophilic bacteria and mould fungi on the number of new cases of type 1 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents in the Lubelskie Voivodeship in the years 2015-2016. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Epidemiological data on the number of new cases of T1DM was obtained from the Department of Paediatric Endocrinology and Diabetology of the Medical University in Lublin...
2017: Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055223/pituitary-apoplexy-a-single-center-retrospective-study-from-the-neurosurgical-perspective-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Agnieszka Grzywotz, Bernadette Kleist, Lars C Möller, Volkmar H Hans, Sophia Göricke, Ulrich Sure, Oliver Müller, Ilonka Kreitschmann-Andermahr
OBJECTIVE: Thunderclap headache and visual disturbances are typical clinical features of pituitary apoplexy (PA). Because of the acute symptomatology, many patients are referred to a neurosurgical department without prior endocrinological assessment. It is the aim of the present study to analyze initial presenting symptoms, outcome and associated endocrine disturbances in a cohort of patients with pituitary apoplexy primarily seen by neurosurgeons. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective single-center study in a neurosurgical department...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946177/surgical-intervention-for-pituitary-apoplexy-an-analysis-of-functional-outcomes
#5
Martin J Rutkowski, Sandeep Kunwar, Lewis Blevins, Manish K Aghi
OBJECTIVE Pituitary apoplexy is a clinical syndrome consisting of neurological and endocrine abnormalities secondary to hemorrhage or ischemia of an underlying pituitary adenoma. The authors investigated whether there was a significant difference in neurological, endocrine, and nonneuroendocrine outcomes for patients with pituitary apoplexy, based on the time between symptom onset and surgical intervention. METHODS The authors retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 32 patients who had presented to their institution with acute pituitary apoplexy and subsequently undergone endonasal transsphenoidal resection in the period from 2003 to 2014...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940011/guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-critical-illness-related-corticosteroid-insufficiency-circi-in-critically-ill-patients-part-i-society-of-critical-care-medicine-sccm-and-european-society-of-intensive-care-medicine-esicm-2017
#6
Djillali Annane, Stephen M Pastores, Bram Rochwerg, Wiebke Arlt, Robert A Balk, Albertus Beishuizen, Josef Briegel, Joseph Carcillo, Mirjam Christ-Crain, Mark S Cooper, Paul E Marik, Gianfranco Umberto Meduri, Keith M Olsen, Sophia Rodgers, James A Russell, Greet Van den Berghe
OBJECTIVE: To update the 2008 consensus statements for the diagnosis and management of critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency (CIRCI) in adult and pediatric patients. PARTICIPANTS: A multispecialty task force of 16 international experts in Critical Care Medicine, endocrinology, and guideline methods, all of them members of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and/or the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine. DESIGN/METHODS: The recommendations were based on the summarized evidence from the 2008 document in addition to more recent findings from an updated systematic review of relevant studies from 2008 to 2017 and were formulated using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology...
September 21, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938253/guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-critical-illness-related-corticosteroid-insufficiency-circi-in-critically-ill-patients-part-i-society-of-critical-care-medicine-sccm-and-european-society-of-intensive-care-medicine-esicm-2017
#7
Djillali Annane, Stephen M Pastores, Bram Rochwerg, Wiebke Arlt, Robert A Balk, Albertus Beishuizen, Josef Briegel, Joseph Carcillo, Mirjam Christ-Crain, Mark S Cooper, Paul E Marik, Gianfranco Umberto Meduri, Keith M Olsen, Sophia C Rodgers, James A Russell, Greet Van den Berghe
OBJECTIVE: To update the 2008 consensus statements for the diagnosis and management of critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency (CIRCI) in adult and pediatric patients. PARTICIPANTS: A multispecialty task force of 16 international experts in critical care medicine, endocrinology, and guideline methods, all of them members of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and/or the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine. DESIGN/METHODS: The recommendations were based on the summarized evidence from the 2008 document in addition to more recent findings from an updated systematic review of relevant studies from 2008 to 2017 and were formulated using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology...
December 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816935/perimesencephalic-nonaneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-caused-by-transverse-sinus-thrombosis-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#8
Fang-Wang Fu, Jie Rao, Yuan-Yuan Zheng, Liang Song, Wei Chen, Qi-Hui Zhou, Jian-Guang Yang, Jiang-Qiong Ke, Guo-Qing Zheng
RATIONALE: Perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (PNSAH) is characterized by a pattern of extravasated blood restricted to the perimesencephalic cisterns, normal angiographic findings, and an excellent prognosis with an uneventful course and low risks of complication. The precise etiology of bleeding in patients with PNSAH has not yet been established. The most common hypothesis is that PNSAH is venous in origin. Intracranial venous hypertension has been considered as the pivotal factor in the pathogenesis of PNSAH...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816925/treatment-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-associated-with-antipsychotic-medication-literature-review
#9
Antonia Vuk, Maja Baretic, Martina Matovinovic Osvatic, Igor Filipcic, Nikolina Jovanovic, Martina Rojnic Kuzman
BACKGROUND: The second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) are associated with metabolic disturbances. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a rare, but potentially fatal sign of acute glucose metabolism dysregulation, which may be associated with the use of SGAs. This study aims to review published reports of patients with schizophrenia and antipsychotic drug-associated DKA, focusing on the effective management of both conditions. METHODS: Using a predefined search strategy, we searched PubMed and EMBASE from their inception to July 2016...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811807/impact-of-24-hour-helpline-service-for-people-with-diabetes
#10
Farrukh Ahmed, Asim-Bin-Zafar, Musarrat Riaz, Erum Ghafoor, Rabia Abdul Rehman, Qutub Uddin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact and effectiveness of 24-hour helpline service in providing information and educating patients about self-management of diabetes. METHOD: The study was conducted at Baqai Institute of Diabetology & Endocrinology (BIDE), a tertiary diabetes care center, Karachi, Pakistan. People with diabetes attending the outpatient department from November 2012 to October 2014 were included in this study. After providing diabetes education, a helpline number was provided for emergency situations...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810653/surgical-trauma-and-low-dose-methylprednisolone-modulate-the-severity-of-the-acute-phase-response-induced-by-zoledronic-acid-infusion
#11
Jian Chen, Lipeng Yu, Lixin Chen, Xuan Wu, Pengyu Tang, Jian Yin, Tao Jiang, Guoyong Yin, Jin Fan
The aim of the present study was to investigate risk factors for the development of an acute-phase response (APR) associated with the initial zoledronic acid (ZA) infusion in patients undergoing surgery, and to assess whether its onset may be reduced by post-dose administration of low-dose methylprednisolone (MP) or acetaminophen. A retrospective study of patients with osteoporosis who attended the departments of orthopedics and endocrinology of a single hospital and received 5 mg ZA was conducted; the patients included surgical and non-surgical cases...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757465/mini-encyclopaedia-of-the-wound-healing-opportunities-for-integrating-multi-omic-approaches-into-medical-practice
#12
Lara Stolzenburg-Veeser, Olga Golubnitschaja
Wound healing is a highly complex life-important repair process triggered by plenty of local and/or systemic organ and tissue damaging events, such as an acute surgical invasion, accidental organ and tissue damages, acute and chronic diseases, aggressive local and systemic therapeutic approaches (e.g. irradiation and systemic chemotherapy). Individual health condition determines over the quality of wound healing. Impaired wound healing, in turn, may lead, for example, to post-surgical complications frequently observed in elderly, chronic ulcers in diabetic patients, hindered and ineffective pain management, etc...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739584/distinct-trajectories-of-cortisol-response-to-prolonged-acute-stress-are-linked-to-affective-responses-and-hippocampal-gray-matter-volume-in-healthy-females
#13
Roee Admon, Michael T Treadway, Linda Valeri, Malavika Mehta, Samuel Douglas, Diego A Pizzagalli
The development of robust laboratory procedures for acute stress induction over the last decades has greatly advanced our understanding of stress responses in humans and their underlying neurobiological mechanisms. Nevertheless, attempts to uncover linear relationships among endocrine, neural, and affective responses to stress have generally yielded inconsistent results. Here, 79 healthy females completed a well established laboratory procedure of acute stress induction that was modified to prolong its effect...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687969/impact-of-zika-virus-for-infertility-specialists-current-literature-guidelines-and-resources
#14
REVIEW
Jamie P Dubaut, Nelson I Agudelo Higuita, Alexander M Quaas
In the past 2 years, Zika virus has emerged from obscurity onto the world stage-traversing and transcending clinical specialties, basic science disciplines, and public health efforts. The spread of Zika virus has serious implications for the specialty of reproductive endocrinology and infertility. Our patients, practices, and labs-worldwide and specifically in the USA-have been impacted by this teratogenic, sexually transmitted, largely asymptomatic virus. While the World Health Organization's Public Emergency of International Concern designation has lapsed as major epidemics have subsided and understanding of risks is in part clarified, the acute and long-term threat to pregnant patients is not over...
October 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637857/acute-peaks-of-testosterone-suppress-paternal-care-evidence-from-individual-hormonal-reaction-norms
#15
Wolfgang Goymann, Pamela Flores Dávila
A long-standing tenet of evolutionary endocrinology states that testosterone mediates the life-history trade-off between mating and paternal care. However, the support for a role of testosterone in suppressing paternal care is mixed: implantation studies in birds suggest that high-level testosterone implants suppress paternal care, but circulating levels of testosterone and paternal care are typically not correlated. Because any trade-off in real life must be realized with hormone levels that are within an individual's reaction norm, it is crucial to show that natural changes in the hormone can modulate behaviour...
June 28, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567296/thyrotoxicosis-leading-to-adrenal-crises-reveals-primary-bilateral-adrenal-lymphoma
#16
Catarina Roque, Ricardo Fonseca, Carlos Tavares Bello, Carlos Vasconcelos, António Galzerano, Sância Ramos
Primary adrenal lymphoma is a rare malignancy. It frequently presents bilaterally and with symptoms of adrenal insufficiency. Amiodarone may induce secondary organ dysfunction, and thyrotoxicosis develops in 15% of cases. The symptomatology of both conditions is nonspecific, especially in the elderly, and a high suspicion index is necessary for appropriate diagnosis. A 78-year-old female presented to the emergency department with confusion, nausea and vomiting. She had recently been to the emergency department with urinary tract infection, vomiting and acute hypochloremic hyponatremia...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540119/a-case-of-a-cerebral-cavernous-malformation-of-the-third-ventricle-that-caused-the-syndrome-of-inappropriate-secretion-of-antidiuretic-hormone
#17
Takahiro Sasaki, Nobuhide Hayashi, Nagatsuki Tomura, Eisaku Tsuji, Hideo Okada, Toshikazu Kuwata
BACKGROUND: Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs, also known as cavernous hemanigiomas) of the third ventricle are uncommon. Here, we present a rare case of a CCM that caused the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). CASE DESCRIPTION: A 68-year-old man presented with acute-onset cognitive and memory disturbance. Endocrinological examinations revealed hyponatremia due to SIADH. Computed tomography indicated a high-density mass in the third ventricle that caused left unilateral hydrocephalus due to obstruction of the foramen Monroe...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491316/pituitary-abscess-in-an-hiv-1-infected-patient
#18
Hiroyuki Yamazaki, Masayuki Kobayashi, Anamaria Daniela Sarca, Akifumi Takaori-Kondo
OBJECTIVES: Pituitary abscess is a rare occurrence among pituitary conditions, but one which carries life-threatening potential. An immunocompromised status is a risk factor for the development of a pituitary abscess; however, literature describes only one case among HIV-infected patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We present here a case of pituitary abscess in an HIV-1-positive patient, who demonstrated a shock status, disturbance of consciousness and generalized skin rash with laboratory findings of hypovolemia, acute inflammatory reaction and blood electrolyte abnormality...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450305/mechanisms-in-endocrinology-update-on-pathogenesis-of-primary-adrenal-insufficiency-beyond-steroid-enzyme-deficiency-and-autoimmune-adrenal-destruction
#19
REVIEW
Christa E Flück
Primary adrenal insufficiency (PAI) is potentially life threatening, but rare. In children, genetic defects prevail whereas adults suffer more often from acquired forms of PAI. The spectrum of genetic defects has increased in recent years with the use of next-generation sequencing methods and now has reached far beyond genetic defects in all known enzymes of adrenal steroidogenesis. Cofactor disorders such as P450 oxidoreductase (POR) deficiency manifesting as a complex form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia with a broad clinical phenotype have come to the fore...
September 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437620/american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-and-american-college-of-endocrinology-guidelines-for-management-of-dyslipidemia-and-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#20
Paul S Jellinger, Yehuda Handelsman, Paul D Rosenblit, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Vivian A Fonseca, Alan J Garber, George Grunberger, Chris K Guerin, David S H Bell, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Rachel Pessah-Pollack, Kathleen Wyne, Donald Smith, Eliot A Brinton, Sergio Fazio, Michael Davidson
OBJECTIVE: The development of these guidelines is mandated by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) Board of Directors and American College of Endocrinology (ACE) Board of Trustees and adheres with published AACE protocols for the standardized production of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). METHODS: Recommendations are based on diligent reviews of the clinical evidence with transparent incorporation of subjective factors, according to established AACE/ACE guidelines for guidelines protocols...
April 2017: Endocrine Practice
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