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Acute endocrinology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224307/endocrinological-roles-for-testosterone-in-resistance-exercise-responses-and-adaptations
#1
David R Hooper, William J Kraemer, Brian C Focht, Jeff S Volek, William H DuPont, Lydia K Caldwell, Carl M Maresh
Chronic increases in testosterone levels can significantly increase hypertrophy and strength, as has been demonstrated by pharmacological intervention. However, decreases in basal testosterone levels can have the opposite result, as has been seen in hypogonadal populations. Because of these profound effects on hypertrophy and strength, testosterone has often been studied in conjunction with resistance exercise to examine whether the endocrine system plays a role in adaptations to the stimulus. Whereas some studies have demonstrated a chronic increase in basal testosterone, others have failed to find an adaptation to regular resistance exercise...
February 21, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220080/validation-of-a-method-for-the-assessment-of-urinary-neopterin-levels-to-monitor-health-status-in-non-human-primate-species
#2
Verena Behringer, Jeroen M G Stevens, Fabian H Leendertz, Gottfried Hohmann, Tobias Deschner
Determining individual health status is of great importance for a better understanding of life history trade-offs between growth, reproduction, and maintenance. However, existing immunological methods are invasive and therefore not suitable for investigating health status in wild populations. Thus, there is an urgent need for non-invasive methods to assess the immune status of animals. Neopterin is involved in the cell-mediated pathway of the immune response (Th1-type), secreted during the activation of monocytes and macrophages...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162192/-the-454th-case-a-29-week-pregnant-woman-with-abdominal-pain-hyperlipemia-and-multiorgan-dysfunction
#3
D Wu, J Xu, J M Peng, L K Ma, S Chen, X G Li, T P Zhang, J M Qian
A 32 year-old woman in the third trimester of pregnancy was admitted for severe acute pancreatitis due to hypertriglyceridemia. During hospitalization she developed multiorgan dysfunction, infected pancreatic necrosis, abdominal compartment syndrome and intrauterine fetal death. She was successfully treated by multidisciplinary team including department of emergency medicine, ICU, gastroenterology, obstetrics, endocrinology, ultrasonography, radiology, infectious disease, nutrition and surgery.
February 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043344/relationships-among-temperament-acute-and-chronic-cortisol-and-testosterone-concentrations-and-breeding-soundness-during-performance-testing-of-angus-bulls
#4
S A Lockwood, H G Kattesh, J D Rhinehart, L G Strickland, P D Krawczel, J B Wilkerson, F D Kirkpatrick, A M Saxton
The aim of this study was to examine relationships among temperament, endocrinology, and reproductive parameters of bulls enrolled in an 84-day performance test. Angus bulls (n = 60) were housed in six pens grouped by age and weight. Pen scores (PS; 1 = docile to 5 = very aggressive) were assigned on Days -1, 27, 55, and 83 of the performance test. On the following day, blood and hair samples were collected, and body weight (BW) and exit velocity (EV) were recorded. Bulls were split into two categories based on; Day -1 PS (PScalm = PS 1 or 2; PSexcitable = PS 3 or 4) and Day 0 EV (EVcalm = slowest 20 bulls; EVexcitable = fastest 20 bulls)...
February 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935816/society-for-endocrinology-endocrine-emergency-guidance-emergency-management-of-acute-hypercalcaemia-in-adult-patients
#5
Jennifer Walsh, Neil Gittoes, Peter Selby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935815/society-for-endocrinology-endocrine-emergency-guidance-emergency-management-of-acute-hypocalcaemia-in-adult-patients
#6
Jeremy Turner, Neil Gittoes, Peter Selby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935813/society-for-endocrinology-endocrine-emergency-guidance-emergency-management-of-acute-adrenal-insufficiency-adrenal-crisis-in-adult-patients
#7
Wiebke Arlt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823610/utility-of-continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes
#8
REVIEW
Elena Toschi, Howard Wolpert
A consensus conference of the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and American College of Endocrinology held in February 2016 advocated expanding the use of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in the management of diabetes. Based on the data described in this paper, CGM use is shown to improve glucose control and reduce hypoglycemic events, and therefore has the potential to reduce the risk of acute and chronic complications of diabetes. Likely, all of the above would not only improve the quality of life and life expectancy of people with diabetes, but would also have a positive impact on health-related cost...
December 2016: Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780981/longitudinal-observation-of-serum-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-in-three-girls-after-cancer-treatment
#9
Yoko Miyoshi, Kie Yasuda, Makiko Tachibana, Hisao Yoshida, Emiko Miyashita, Takako Miyamura, Yoshiko Hashii, Kae Hashimoto, Tadashi Kimura, Keiichi Ozono
Gonadal dysfunction and infertility are major endocrinological late effects among childhood cancer survivors. Chemotherapy and radiation have gonadotoxic effects and diminish the ovarian reserve. The serum concentration of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is a useful marker of ovarian reserve in survivors. We conducted a longitudinal study to investigate the variations of AMH in evaluating the acute and chronic effects of cancer therapy on the ovary. Three young female patients with different hematological diseases were registered, and their medical records were reviewed...
October 2016: Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology: Case Reports and Clinical Investigations: Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766626/strategies-for-reducing-the-treatment-related-physical-burden-of-childhood-acute-myeloid-leukaemia-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Henrik Hasle, Gertjan J L Kaspers
Over the last four decades the survival of paediatric patients with acute myeloid leukaemia has gradually increased to 70% in high-income countries. The therapy is very intensive and associated with many acute and long-term side effects. The early death rate has been reduced to 1-4%. The acute toxicity is a limiting factor for improving survival in low-income countries. Transplant is associated with more endocrinological late effects while cardiotoxicity is more common after relapse. Reducing the physical costs of therapy without jeopardizing survival may be accomplished by optimal supportive care, less cardiotoxic anthracyclines, less consolidation courses and strict indications for stem cell transplantation...
January 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729465/vascular-adaptation-in-pregnancy-and-endothelial-dysfunction-in-preeclampsia
#11
REVIEW
D S Boeldt, I M Bird
Maternal vascular adaptation to pregnancy is critically important to expand the capacity for blood flow through the uteroplacental unit to meet the needs of the developing fetus. Failure of the maternal vasculature to properly adapt can result in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy such as preeclampsia (PE). Herein, we review the endocrinology of maternal adaptation to pregnancy and contrast this with that of PE. Our focus is specifically on those hormones that directly influence endothelial cell function and dysfunction, as endothelial cell dysfunction is a hallmark of PE...
January 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714504/diabetic-charcot-neuroarthropathy-prevalence-demographics-and-outcome-in-a-regional-referral-centre
#12
A O'Loughlin, E Kellegher, C McCusker, R Canavan
BACKGROUND: Diabetic Charcot neuroarthropathy (DCN) is a devastating complication for people with diabetes mellitus. The failure to diagnose DCN and institute treatment in the acute phase leads to permanent deformity and significant morbidity. There is a paucity of data on the prevalence and characteristics of patients who have developed this complication of diabetes. AIMS: To determine the prevalence, clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with DCN from 2006 to 2012...
October 6, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652215/the-pathophysiology-of-lifelong-premature-ejaculation
#13
REVIEW
Marcel D Waldinger
For many decades it has been thought that lifelong premature ejaculation (PE) is only characterized by persistent early ejaculations. Despite enormous progress of in vivo animal research, and neurobiological, genetic and pharmacological research in men with lifelong PE, our current understanding of the mechanisms behind early ejaculations is far from complete. The new classification of PE into four PE subtypes has shown that the symptomatology of lifelong PE strongly differs from acquired PE, subjective PE and variable PE...
August 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593922/benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-case-report-of-a-17-year-old
#14
Ismail Yağmur, Burak Turna, Ali Tekin, Emir Akıncıoğlu, Bnu Sarsık, İbrahim Ulman
INTRODUCTION: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is generally common in men older than 50 years of age but is extremely rare in childhood. In the literature to date, fewer than five cases have been reported under 18 years of age. Owing to the limited number of cases, the etiology and management of BPH in the first two decades is not clear. OBJECTIVE: We herein report a 17-year-old boy who presented with acute urinary retention due to BPH and was treated with endoscopic transurethral resection of the prostate (TUR-P)...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591239/adrenocorticotropic-hormone-elicits-gonadotropin-secretion-in-premenopausal-women
#15
Jurate Aleknaviciute, Joke H M Tulen, Mirjam Timmermans, Yolanda B de Rijke, Elisabeth F C van Rossum, Frank H de Jong, Steven A Kushner
STUDY QUESTION: Does adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) induce gonadotropin release in premenopausal women? SUMMARY ANSWER: Administration of ACTH stimulates gonadotropin release, most likely by stimulation of the production of cortisol, in premenopausal women. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In animal models, acute activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has been shown to induce gonadotropin release in the presence of sufficiently high estrogen levels...
October 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566421/progress-in-pediatrics-in-2015-choices-in-allergy-endocrinology-gastroenterology-genetics-haematology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-oncology-and-pulmonology
#16
EDITORIAL
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Virginia Mirra, Sergio Bernasconi
This review focuses key advances in different pediatric fields that were published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2015. Weaning studies continue to show promise for preventing food allergy. New diagnostic tools are available for identifying the allergic origin of allergic-like symptoms. Advances have been reported in obesity, short stature and autoimmune endocrine disorders. New molecules are offered to reduce weight gain and insulin-resistance in obese children. Regional investigations may provide suggestions for preventing short stature...
August 27, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436207/third-fourth-and-sixth-cranial-nerve-palsies-in-pituitary-apoplexy
#17
Rabih Hage, Sheila R Eshraghi, Nelson M Oyesiku, Adriana G Ioachimescu, Nancy J Newman, Valérie Biousse, Beau B Bruce
BACKGROUND: Pituitary apoplexy (PA) often presents with acute headache and neuro-ophthalmic manifestations, including ocular motility dysfunction (OMD) from cranial nerve palsies (CNPs). Our goal was to describe the epidemiology and outcomes of OMD in a large, single-center series of patients with PA. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients with PA seen in our pituitary center between January 1995 and December 2012. Presenting neuro-ophthalmic, endocrine, and radiologic data, as well as neuro-ophthalmology follow-up data, were collected...
October 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27425177/long-term-follow-up-of-anterior-pituitary-deficiency-after-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-prospective-cohort
#18
Gerival Vieira, Lucas Alverne Freitas de Albuquerque, Ariane Bernardes Camilo Castilho de Avellar, Julio Leonardo Barbosa Pereira, Marcos Dellaretti, Paulo Augusto Carvalho Miranda, Rodrigo Alvares Paiva Macedo, Laura Amaral Quintino da Silva, Sebastião Nataniel Silva Gusmão
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of hypopituitarism in the acute stage after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) as well at the chronic stage, at least 1 year after bleeding, to assess its implications and correlation with clinical features of the studied population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study that evaluated patients admitted between December 2009 and May 2011 with a diagnosis of SAH secondary to cerebral aneurysm rupture...
October 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27292787/endocrine-indicators-of-a-stress-response-in-nesting-diamondback-terrapins-to-shoreline-barriers-in-barnegat-bay-nj
#19
Julianne M Winters, Wade C Carruth, James R Spotila, David C Rostal, Harold W Avery
Anthropogenic stressors such as habitat loss are a global problem for wildlife. Coastal development in the United States has replaced estuary shorelines with hard erosion barriers. In Barnegat Bay, New Jersey, the diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin) encounters these barriers when approaching upland beaches for nesting. To determine the effects of shoreline barriers on this threatened species' nesting abilities, we measured adrenocortical response (i.e., stress response) by comparing natural corticosterone and testosterone levels of 91 terrapins following in situ exposure to either an experimentally blocked, or open nesting beach...
September 1, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27227037/psychogenic-fever-functional-fever-or-psychogenic-hyperthermia
#20
Berend Olivier
Psychogenic fever reflects a phenomenon where core body temperature is high (up to 41°C) or low-grade high (37-38°C) during either acute or chronic stress. Underlying mechanisms are distinct from infection-induced fever and involve the central and sympathetic nervous systems. Psychogenic fever appears a complex psychological, physiological and endocrinological phenomenon.
July 2015: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
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