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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213068/an-unusual-cause-of-severe-dyspnea-a-laryngeal-live-leech-case-report
#1
Said Anajar, Rachid Ansari, Jawad Hassnaoui, Reda Abada, Mohammed Roubal, Mohammed Mahtar
INTRODUCTION: Foreign bodies in the upper airways are one of the most challenging otolaryngology emergencies, leeches present a very rare cause of airway foreign bodies around the world. CASE REPORT: A 6-year-old girl was referred to our otolaryngology department at a tertiary university hospital with a severe dyspnea and hemoptysis. Nasofibroscopy revealed a dark living leech in the supraglottic area which extends to the glottis. The patient was urgently admitted to the operating room, the leech was grasped and removed with a foreign body forceps with a full length of more than 6cm...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212129/endoscopic-removal-of-a-dental-implant-from-maxillary-sinus
#2
Serkan Dundar, Turgut Karlidag, Erol Keles
The displacement of a dental implant into the maxillary sinus during surgery or after a period of use is a complication defined in the dental implant clinical practice. This complication arises primarily from inadequate bone height and peri-implant infection. Specifically, foreign objects in the maxillary sinus can cause sinusitis via impaired mucociliary flow and foreign body reactions, so they must be removed. Caldwell-Luc, transnasal, and intraoral endoscopic sinus surgeries have all been used to remove such foreign bodies and lesions from maxillary sinuses...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211338/enhancement-of-the-adsorption-capacity-of-the-light-weight-expanded-clay-aggregate-surface-for-the-metronidazole-antibiotic-by-coating-with-mgo-nanoparticles-studies-on-the-kinetic-isotherm-and-effects-of-environmental-parameters
#3
Ebrahim Mohammadi Kalhori, Tariq J Al-Musawi, Esmaeil Ghahramani, Hossein Kazemian, Mansur Zarrabi
The synthesized MgO nanoparticles were used to coat the light-weight expanded clay aggregates (LECA) and as a metronidazole (MNZ) adsorbent. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and Fourier-transformed infrared (FTIR) techniques were employed to study the surface morphology and characteristics of the adsorbents. MgO/LECA clearly revealed the advantages of the nanocomposite particles, showing high specific surface area (76.12 m(2)/g), significant adsorption sites and functional groups...
February 9, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211278/endoscopic-removal-of-multiple-sharp-gastro-duodenal-foreign-bodies
#4
Samuel Costa, Raquel Gonçalves, Carla Rolanda
A 45 years old female,with bipolar disorder,was brought to the Emergency Department with abdominal pain. The patient was hemodynamically stable,with no signs of respiratory distress. On abdominal examination she had pain in the upper quadrants,without peritoneal irritation. The successful endoscopic removal decreases if delayed approach, beyond 12 h, and sharp objects. Moreover in case of sharp objects, even if already into the stomach or duodenum, they should be retrieved endoscopically if it can be accomplished safely, because the risk of a complication during its natural exteriorization is as high as 35%...
February 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211194/a-field-reciprocal-transplant-experiment-reveals-asymmetric-costs-of-migration-between-lake-and-river-ecotypes-of-three-spined-sticklebacks-gasterosteus-aculeatus
#5
Joshka Kaufmann, Tobias L Lenz, Martin Kalbe, Manfred Milinski, Christophe Eizaguirre
Theory of local adaptation predicts that non-adapted migrants will suffer increased costs compared to local residents. Ultimately this process can result in the reduction of gene flow and culminate in speciation. Here, we experimentally investigated the relative fitness of migrants in foreign habitats, focusing on diverging lake and river ecotypes of three-spined sticklebacks. A reciprocal transplant experiment performed in the field revealed asymmetric costs of migration: while mortality of river fish was increased under lake conditions, lake migrants suffered from reduced growth relative to river residents...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210914/comparison-of-histopathological-characteristics-of-polyacrylate-polyalcohol-copolymer-with-dextranomer-hyaluronic-acid-after-injection-beneath-the-bladder-mucosa-layer-a-rabbit-model
#6
Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh, Shabnam Sabetkish, Reza Khorramirouz, Nastaran Sabetkish
OBJECTIVES: To compare short- and long-term local tissue reaction of polyacrylate polyalcohol copolymer (PPC) with dextranomer/hyaluronic acid (DHA) in rabbits. METHODS: Eight healthy New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into two groups. In group I (control group), DHA was injected just beneath the mucosal layer of the bladder wall, while PPC was injected in group II. Subcutaneous injection of both bulking agents was also performed in nude mice. Histological evaluations with leukocyte common antibody (LCA), CD68, CD31, and CD34 were conducted on biopsies 1 and 6 months postoperatively...
February 16, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210458/osseous-oral-hyaline-ring-granuloma-mimicking-a-mandible-tumor-in-a-child-with-congenital-agenesis-of-the-corpus-callosum
#7
Rodrigo Neves-Silva, Camilla-Borges Ferreira-Gomes, Natalia Palmier, Marcelo Brum-Corrêa, Oslei Paes-Almeida, Marcio Ajudarte-Lopes, Pablo Agustin-Vargas, Alan-Roger Santos-Silva
BACKGROUND: Hyaline ring granuloma (HRG) of the oral cavity is an uncommon disorder considered to be a foreign-body reaction resulting from implantation of food vegetable particles. Microscopically, it is characterized by the presence of structures of hyaline rings in an inflamed fibrous tissue background, which contains multinucleated giant cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We present the case of a 4-year-old boy diagnosed with a mandible osseous HRG, which showed clinical and tomographic aspects suggestive of an aggressive bone tumor...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209850/drop-in-foreign-applicants-worries-engineering-schools
#8
Jeffrey Mervis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209380/space-maintaining-management-in-maxillary-sinus-lifting-a-novel-technique-using-a-resorbable-polymeric-thermo-reversible-gel
#9
G Cossellu, G Farronato, D Farronato, G Ceschel, F Angiero
Several techniques have been proposed to achieve sinus floor elevation and the formation of new bone through the grafting of autologous, heterologous, or alloplastic materials. The grafted materials act as a scaffold for bone formation inside the maxillary sinus. This study investigated a non-graft sinus lifting procedure using a resorbable polymeric thermo-reversible gel. A space-maintaining approach to sinus lifting, using a resorbable polymeric thermo-reversible gel, was applied in 11 patients undergoing implant treatment in the atrophic posterior maxilla...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209324/japanese-guidelines-for-allergic-conjunctival-diseases-2017
#10
REVIEW
Etsuko Takamura, Eiichi Uchio, Nobuyuki Ebihara, Shigeaki Ohno, Yuichi Ohashi, Shigeki Okamoto, Naoki Kumagai, Yoshiyuki Satake, Jun Shoji, Yayoi Nakagawa, Kenichi Namba, Kazumi Fukagawa, Atsuki Fukushima, Hiroshi Fujishima
The definition, classification, pathogenesis, test methods, clinical findings, criteria for diagnosis, and therapies of allergic conjunctival disease are summarized based on the Guidelines for Clinical Management of Allergic Conjunctival Disease (Second Edition) revised in 2010. Allergic conjunctival disease is defined as "a conjunctival inflammatory disease associated with a Type I allergy accompanied by some subjective or objective symptoms." Allergic conjunctival disease is classified into allergic conjunctivitis, atopic keratoconjunctivitis, vernal keratoconjunctivitis, and giant papillary conjunctivitis...
February 10, 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208086/measuring-of-quality-of-life-in-autoimmune-blistering-disorders-in-poland-validation-of-disease-specific-autoimmune-bullous-disease-quality-of-life-abqol-and-the-treatment-autoimmune-bullous-disease-quality-of-life-tabqol-questionnaires
#11
Agnieszka Kalinska-Bienias, Beata Jakubowska, Cezary Kowalewski, Dedee F Murrell, Katarzyna Wozniak
PURPOSE: Autoimmune bullous dermatoses (AIBD) are rare, severe diseases resulting from some antibodies activity against the different adhesion structures within the skin and/or mucosa. Few studies investigated quality of life (QOL) in AIBD by generic and dermatology-specific instruments, all reporting strong impact on QOL. Recently, disease-specific measurement tools have been developed: Autoimmune Bullous Disease Quality of Life (ABQOL) and Treatment of Autoimmune Bullous Disease Quality of Life (TABQOL) questionnaires...
February 13, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205013/utilizing-the-foreign-body-response-to-grow-tissue-engineered-blood-vessels-in-vivo
#12
Wouter J Geelhoed, Lorenzo Moroni, Joris I Rotmans
It is well known that the number of patients requiring a vascular grafts for use as vessel replacement in cardiovascular diseases, or as vascular access site for hemodialysis is ever increasing. The development of tissue engineered blood vessels (TEBV's) is a promising method to meet this increasing demand vascular grafts, without having to rely on poorly performing synthetic options such as polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) or Dacron. The generation of in vivo TEBV's involves utilizing the host reaction to an implanted biomaterial for the generation of completely autologous tissues...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204984/musical-competence-and-phoneme-perception-in-a-foreign-language
#13
Swathi Swaminathan, E Glenn Schellenberg
We investigated whether musical competence was associated with the perception of foreign-language phonemes. The sample comprised adult native-speakers of English who varied in music training. The measures included tests of general cognitive abilities, melody and rhythm perception, and the perception of consonantal contrasts that were phonemic in Zulu but not in English. Music training was associated positively with performance on the tests of melody and rhythm perception, but not with performance on the phoneme-perception task...
February 15, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204938/total-nasal-reconstruction-for-extruded-pending-extrusion-and-severely-displaced-silicone-nasal-implants-in-asian-patients
#14
Darryl J Hodgkinson
The Australian population is 10% of Asian origin, and many of our Asian patients have had nasal augmentation using prosthetic material prior to immigration or as medical tourists back in their country of origin. Insertion of nasal prostheses is the most common way to augment the nasal dorsum in the Asian patient and although there is a trend towards autogenous primary augmentation still, the vast majority of patients seen in clinical practice have had augmentation by the insertion of foreign material generally silicone...
February 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204840/inhibition-of-the-innate-immune-receptors-for-foreign-dna-sensing-improves-transfection-efficiency-of-gene-electrotransfer-in-melanoma-b16f10-cells
#15
Masa Bosnjak, Urska Kamensek, Gregor Sersa, Danijela Stolfa, Jaka Lavrencak, Maja Cemazar
Gene electrotransfer upregulate DNA pattern recognition receptors or DNA sensors, which are part of the innate immune system. In this study, we tested if addition of the cocktail of innate immune system inhibitors to the cells during gene electrotransfer (GET) can increase transfection efficiency and cell survival. The results indicate that this cocktail can decrease cytosolic DNA sensors expression after GET, and consequently increase cell survival and transfection efficiency in B16 cells, but only in highly metastatic B16F10 subtype...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Membrane Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204195/foreign-body-entrapment-during-thoracic-surgery-time-for-closed-loop-communication%C3%A2
#16
Jonathan Schuenemeyer, Young Hong, Michael Plankey, Mark Allen, Marc Margolis, Lynt Johnson, Lorenzo De Marchi, M Blair Marshall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203472/cyanoacrylate-associated-foreign-body-granulomatous-gastritis-a-report-of-three-cases
#17
Gunes Guner, Olcay Kurtulan, Taylan Kav, Cenk Sokmensuer, Gokhan Gedikoglu, Aytekin Akyol
Granulomas are rarely seen in gastric biopsies mostly as an involvement of granulomatous diseases like sarcoidosis, Crohn's disease, infections, neoplasms, and vasculitis. Here, we claim cyanoacrylate as a foreign body type granuloma-causing agent in the stomach after vascular embolisation. We present cyanoacrylate associated gastric changes of three cases: two endoscopic biopsies and one gastric resection. In two cases, cyanoacrylate associated ulcers and granulomatous inflammation were observed in gastric mucosal biopsies following endoscopic examination after 7 months and 6 years of the glue injections, respectively...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203127/a-case-of-mysterious-impacted-duodenal-foreign-body-presenting-with-halitosis
#18
Bhavtosh Dedania, Dipen Khanapara, Amruta Panwala, Murali Dharan
The majority of gastrointestinal (GI) foreign bodies (FBs) discovered in adults are the result of intentional ingestion, most of which are found in patients with a preexisting psychiatric illness, with substance abuse disorders, or in people seeking secondary gain. No similar case of internal injuries following unintentional ingestion of a barbecue grill cleaning brush bristle has been reported. A 58-year-old Caucasian male with no significant history presented with complaint of halitosis, not improving after oral care and dental hygiene measures...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202409/effects-of-bonding-with-parents-and-home-culture-on-intercultural-adaptations-and-the-moderating-role-of-genes
#19
Desiree Y Phua, Michael J Meaney, Chiea Chuen Khor, Ivy Y M Lau, Ying-Yi Hong
In the current age of globalization, living abroad is becoming an increasingly common and highly sought after experience. Sojourners' ability to adjust to a new culture can be affected by their existing attachments, internalized as intrapsychic environment, as well as their biological sensitivity to environment. This sensitivity can be partly attributed to one's genomic endowments. As such, this prospective study sought to examine the differential effects of early experiences with parents and affection for home culture on young adults' ability to adapt to a foreign culture (n=305, students who studied overseas for a semester) - specifically, the difficulties they experience - moderated by genetic susceptibility...
February 12, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202309/working-in-scarcity-effects-on-social-interactions-and-biomedical-care-in-a-tanzanian-hospital
#20
Adrienne E Strong
Based on mixed-methods, ethnographic research in government health facilities conducted in Rukwa, Tanzania over 23 months between 2012 and 2015, this paper explores the social implications of budget shortfalls in the healthcare system at the level of a regional hospital. Budget crises resulted from the late disbursal of funds and the failure of outside donors to meet aid commitments needed to subsidize healthcare at the national level. Healthcare administrators recounted specific donors who pulled out of commitments as a direct result of foreign government austerity measures enacted after the global financial crisis of 2008...
February 7, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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