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Akt1 braf

Keisuke Goto, Daichi Maeda, Yukitsugu Kudo-Asabe, Takashi Hibiya, Akimasa Hayashi, Masashi Fukayama, Kenichi Ohashi, Akiteru Goto
AIMS: Hidradenoma papilliferum (HP) is a benign vulvar neoplasm that arises from anogenital mammary-like glands, and its morphology is similar to mammary intraductal papilloma. The aim of this study was to investigate oncogenic mutations involved in the tumourigenesis of HP. We focused specifically on PIK3CA and AKT1 mutations, which are both reported to be detected in 33% of mammary intraductal papillomas. METHODS: In total, seven HP cases were analysed. Clinicopathological analyses and immunohistochemistry for oestrogen receptor, p63, smooth muscle actin (SMA), p53 and β-catenin were performed...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Kyuichi Kadota, Camelia S Sima, Maria E Arcila, Cyrus Hedvat, Mark G Kris, David R Jones, Prasad S Adusumilli, William D Travis
The potential clinical impact of KRAS and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations has been investigated in lung adenocarcinomas; however, their prognostic value remains controversial. In our study, we sought to investigate the prognostic significance of driver mutations using a large cohort of early-stage lung adenocarcinomas. We reviewed patients with pathologic early-stage, lymph node-negative, solitary lung adenocarcinoma who had undergone surgical resection (1995 to 2005; stage I/II=463/19). Tumors were classified according to the IASLC/ATS/ERS classification and genotyped by Sequenom MassARRAY system and polymerase chain reaction-based assays...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Ye Xu, Chen Zhu, Wenliang Qian, Min Zheng
PURPOSE: Although many studies have explored clinicopathologic characteristics and prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma, a few literatures reported the mutational status of lung adenocarcinomas with lepidic pattern and whether there is difference between adenocarcinomas with pure lepidic component and lepidic predominant adenocarcinomas remain unknown. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-three patients including 92 adenocarcinomas with pure lepidic component and 41 lepidic predominant adenocarcinomas were subjected to the study...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
D Fumagalli, T R Wilson, R Salgado, X Lu, J Yu, C O'Brien, K Walter, L Y Huw, C Criscitiello, I Laios, V Jose, D N Brown, F Rothé, M Maetens, D Zardavas, P Savas, D Larsimont, M J Piccart-Gebhart, S Michiels, M R Lackner, C Sotiriou, S Loi
BACKGROUND: Estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancers (BCs) constitute the most frequent BC subtype. The molecular landscape of ER+ relapsed disease is not well characterized. In this study, we aimed to describe the genomic evolution between primary (P) and matched metastatic (M) ER+ BCs after failure of adjuvant therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 182 ER+ metastatic BC patients with long-term follow-up were identified from a single institution. P tumor tissue was available for all patients, with 88 having matched M material...
October 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Juan Miguel Cejalvo, J Alejandro Pérez-Fidalgo, Gloria Ribas, Octavio Burgués, Cristina Mongort, Elisa Alonso, Maider Ibarrola-Villava, Begoña Bermejo, María Teresa Martínez, Andrés Cervantes, Ana Lluch
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in the molecular profiling of tumour tissues in order to investigate alternative breast cancer (BC) therapies. However, the impact of genomic screening for druggable mutations with targeted gene panel sequencing (TGPS) in routine practice remains controversial. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of data from a genomic screening programme at our institution, in which we performed simplified TGPS for mutations in PIK3CA, AKT1, KRAS, NRAS, and BRAF in order to select patients for targeted therapy clinical trials...
November 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Tatiana Kelil, Abhishek R Keraliya, Stephanie A Howard, Katherine M Krajewski, Marta Braschi-Amirfarzan, Jason L Hornick, Nikhil H Ramaiya, Sree Harsha Tirumani
Substantial improvement in the understanding of the oncogenic pathways in thyroid cancer has led to identification of specific molecular alterations, including mutations of BRAF and RET in papillary thyroid cancer, mutation of RAS and rearrangement of PPARG in follicular thyroid cancer, mutation of RET in medullary thyroid cancer, and mutations of TP53 and in the phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI3K)/AKT1 pathway in anaplastic thyroid cancer. Ultrasonography (US) and US-guided biopsy remain cornerstones in the initial workup of thyroid cancer...
September 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Simona Caporali, Ester Alvino, Pedro Miguel Lacal, Lauretta Levati, Giorgio Giurato, Domenico Memoli, Elisabetta Caprini, Gian Carlo Antonini Cappellini, Stefania D'Atri
BRAF inhibitors (BRAFi) have proven clinical benefits in patients with BRAF-mutant melanoma. However, acquired resistance eventually arises. The effects of BRAFi on melanoma cell proliferation and survival have been extensively studied, and several mechanisms involved in acquired resistance to the growth suppressive activity of these drugs have been identified. Much less is known about the impact of BRAFi, and in particular of dabrafenib, on the invasive potential of melanoma cells. In the present study, the BRAF-mutant human melanoma cell line A375 and its dabrafenib-resistant subline A375R were analyzed for invasive capacity, expression of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-2, and secretion of VEGF-A and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, under basal conditions or in response to dabrafenib...
September 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Liping Liu, Scott W Aesif, Benjamin R Kipp, Jesse S Voss, Silver Daniel, Marie Christine Aubry, Jennifer M Boland
Ciliated muconodular papillary tumors (CMPTs) are rare peripheral lung lesions, characterized by papillary architecture and ciliated columnar cells admixed with mucinous cells and basal cells. They often have prominent surrounding intra-alveolar mucin, which can lead to diagnostic confusion with mucinous adenocarcinoma. Recognition of the ciliated component is the key to diagnosis of CMPT. The literature contains few reported cases to date, all occurring in East-Asian patients. Although follow-up data are limited, CMPT seems to be an indolent tumor with very good prognosis, leading some to question whether it is a reactive or hamartomatous lesion...
July 22, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Jau-Yu Liau, Yi-Hsuan Lee, Jia-Huei Tsai, Chang-Tsu Yuan, Chia-Yu Chu, Jin-Bon Hong, Yi-Shuan Sheen
AIMS: Nipple adenoma (NA) is a rare benign epithelial tumor occurring in the nipple. Histologically, it exhibits variable and often mixed adenosis-like and usual ductal hyperplasia-like growth patterns. Morphologically, it is similar to other benign proliferative breast lesions occurring in the breast parenchyma, which have been shown to harbor activating mutations in PIK3CA, AKT1 or less frequently in RAS, in more than 50% of cases. In this study, we aimed to analyze the mutation status of PIK3CA, AKT1, RAS, and BRAF in NAs and correlated the mutation status with the histological features...
July 21, 2016: Histopathology
Xiaofei Zhang, Hideki Shimodaira, Hiroshi Soeda, Keigo Komine, Hidekazu Takahashi, Kota Ouchi, Masahiro Inoue, Masanobu Takahashi, Shin Takahashi, Chikashi Ishioka
BACKGROUND: The CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) with multiple promoter methylated loci has been observed in a subset of human colorectal cancer (CRC) cases. CIMP status, which is closely associated with specific clinicopathological and molecular characteristics, is considered a potential predictive biomarker for efficacy of cancer treatment. However, the relationship between the effect of standard chemotherapy, including cytotoxic drugs and anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) antibodies, and CIMP status has not been elucidated...
July 19, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
Bin Xu, Lu Wang, Laetitia Borsu, Ronald Ghossein, Nora Katabi, Ian Ganly, Snjezana Dogan
AIMS: In the current study, we aimed to examine primary parotid squamous cell carcinoma (ParSCC) for the presence of HR-HPV and associated molecular alterations. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eight cases of ParSCC were retrieved after a detailed clinicopathologic review to exclude a possibility of metastasis and/or extension from another primary site. HR-HPV status was determined based on immunohistochemistry (IHC) for p16 protein expression and by chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH) for HR-HPV...
July 4, 2016: Histopathology
Zhe-Zhen Li, Long Bai, Feng Wang, Zi-Chen Zhang, Fang Wang, Zhao-Lei Zeng, Jun-Bo Zeng, Dong-Sheng Zhang, Feng-Hua Wang, Zhi-Qiang Wang, Yu-Hong Li, Jian-Yong Shao, Rui-Hua Xu
Detection of KRAS mutation status is a routine clinical procedure for predicting response to anti-EGFR therapy in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Previous studies showed high concordance of KRAS mutation status in primary lesion and corresponding metastatic sites in CRC. However, the data were mostly from Caucasians. The aim of this study is to compare KRAS mutation and other molecules mutation status between primary tumor and corresponding metastatic lesion in Chinese patients with CRC. In this retrospective study, Chinese CRC patients with paired samples of primary tumor and metastatic site were detected for KRAS codon 12 and 13 with quantitative real-time PCR, or detected for OncoCarta™ panel of 19 genes with MassARRAY(®) technique, including KRAS, BRAF, NRAS and PIK3CA et al...
July 2016: Medical Oncology
Fabian Leo, Stephan Bartels, Lavinia Mägel, Theodor Framke, Guntram Büsche, Danny Jonigk, Matthias Christgen, Ulrich Lehmann, Hans Kreipe
Metaplastic breast carcinoma (MBC) comprises a heterogeneous group of tumors with difficult to predict biological behavior. A subset of MBC, characterized by spindle-shaped tumor cells with a myoepithelial-like immunophenotype, was entered into a retrospective study (n = 42, median follow-up time 43 months). Molecular parameters (DNA sequences of mutation hot spots in AKT1, ALK, APC, BRAF, CDH1, CTNNB1, EGFR, ERBB2, FBXW7, FGFR2, FOXL2, GNAQ, GNAS, KIT, KRAS, MAP2K1, MET, MSH6, NRAS, PDGFRA, PIK3CA, PTEN, SF3B1, SMAD4, SRC, SRSF2, STK11, TP53, and U2AF1; copy numbers for EGFR, c-myc, FGFR, PLAG, c-met) were assessed...
August 2016: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
Jau-Yu Liau, Jui Lan, Jin-Bon Hong, Jia-Huei Tsai, Kuan-Tin Kuo, Chia-Yu Chu, Yi-Shuan Sheen, Wen-Chang Huang
Hidradenoma papilliferum (HP) is a benign epithelial tumor most commonly seen in the vulva. It is proposed to be derived from the anogenital mammary-like glands and is histologically very similar to the mammary intraductal papilloma (IP). Approximately 60% of mammary IPs have activating mutations in either PIK3CA or AKT1, with each gene accounting for 30% of cases. In this study, we screened the mutation statuses of PIK3CA, AKT1, RAS, and BRAF in 30 HPs. The results showed that activating mutations in either PIK3CA or AKT1 were identified in 20 tumors (67%); 19 tumors had PIK3CA mutations (63%; 13 in exon 20 and 6 in exon 9), and 1 had an AKT1 E17K mutation (3%)...
September 2016: Human Pathology
Simone Bsp Terra, Jin S Jang, Lintao Bi, Benjamin R Kipp, Jin Jen, Eunhee S Yi, Jennifer M Boland
Several targetable genetic alterations have been found in lung cancer, predominantly in adenocarcinomas, which have led to important therapeutic advancements with the advent of targeted therapy. In contrast, the molecular features and presence of targetable genetic abnormalities in pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinomas are largely unknown. Thirty-three cases of pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma were tested for approximately 2800 mutations in 50 oncogenes and tumor-suppressor genes, including EGFR, KRAS, NRAS, TP53, BRAF, ERBB2, JAK3, AKT1, ATM, MET, KIT, and PIK3CA...
August 2016: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Cristina Meazza, Antonino Belfiore, Adele Busico, Giulio Settanni, Nicholas Paielli, Luca Cesana, Andrea Ferrari, Stefano Chiaravalli, Maura Massimino, Alessandro Gronchi, Chiara Colombo, Silvana Pilotti, Federica Perrone
Aside from the CTNNB1 and adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) mutations, the genetic profile of pediatric aggressive fibromatosis (AF) has remained poorly characterized. The aim of this study was to shed more light on the mutational spectrum of pediatric AF, comparing it with its adult counterpart, with a view to identifying biomarkers for use as prognostic factors or new potential therapeutic targets. CTNNB1, APC, AKT1, BRAF TP53, and RET Sanger sequencing and next-generation sequencing (NGS) with the 50-gene Ion AmpliSeq Cancer Hotspot Panel v2 were performed on formalin-fixed samples from 28 pediatric and 33 adult AFs...
June 2016: Cancer Medicine
Zhe-Zhen Li, Feng Wang, Zi-Chen Zhang, Fang Wang, Qi Zhao, Dong-Sheng Zhang, Feng-Hua Wang, Zhi-Qiang Wang, Hui-Yan Luo, Ming-Ming He, De-Shen Wang, Ying Jin, Chao Ren, Miao-Zhen Qiu, Jian Ren, Zhi-Zhong Pan, Yu-Hong Li, Jiao-Yong Shao, Rui-Hua Xu
An increasing number of studies reveal the significance of genetic markers in guiding target treatment and refining prognosis. This retrospective observational study aims to assess the mutation profile of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) in Chinese population with the help of MassARRAY® technique platform and OncoCarta™ Panel.322 Chinese patients with mCRC who received clinical molecular testing as part of their standard care were investigated. 80 patients received cetuximab palliative treatment. 238 common hot-spot mutations of 19 cancer related genes in the OncoCarta™ Panel were tested...
May 10, 2016: Oncotarget
R T Penson, E Sales, L Sullivan, D R Borger, C N Krasner, A K Goodman, M G del Carmen, W B Growdon, J O Schorge, D M Boruta, C M Castro, D S Dizon, M J Birrer
BACKGROUND: Genetic abnormalities underlie the development and progression of cancer, and represent potential opportunities for personalized cancer therapy in Gyn malignancies. METHODS: We identified Gyn oncology patients at the MGH Cancer Center with tumors genotyped for a panel of mutations by SNaPshot, a CLIA approved assay, validated in lung cancer, that uses SNP genotyping in degraded DNA from FFPE tissue to identify 160 described mutations across 15 cancer genes (AKT1, APC, BRAF, CTNNB1, EGFR, ERBB2, IDH1, KIT, KRAS, MAP2KI, NOTCH1, NRAS, PIK3CA, PTEN, TP53)...
April 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Hung-Chih Hsu, Tan Kien Thiam, Yen-Jung Lu, Chien Yuh Yeh, Wen-Sy Tsai, Jeng Fu You, Hsin Yuan Hung, Chi-Neu Tsai, An Hsu, Hua-Chien Chen, Shu-Jen Chen, Tsai-Sheng Yang
Approximately 45% of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients with wild-type KRAS exon 2 are resistant to cetuximab treatment. We set out to identify additional genetic markers that might predict the response to cetuximab treatment. Fifty-three wild-type KRAS exon 2 mCRC patients were treated with cetuximab/irinotecan-based chemotherapy as a first- or third-line therapy. The mutational statuses of 10 EGFR pathway genes were analyzed in primary tumors using next-generation sequencing. BRAF, PIK3CA, KRAS (exons 3 and 4), NRAS, PTEN, and AKT1 mutations were detected in 6, 6, 5, 4, 1, and 1 patient, respectively...
April 19, 2016: Oncotarget
Masashi Furukawa, Shinichi Toyooka, Kouichi Ichimura, Hiromasa Yamamoto, Junichi Soh, Shinsuke Hashida, Mamoru Ouchida, Kazuhiko Shien, Hiroaki Asano, Kazunori Tsukuda, Shinichiro Miyoshi
Pulmonary adenocarcinoma (PA) with a micropapillary component (PA-MPC) is known as an aggressive subtype of PA. The molecular profiles of PA-MPC have not been well characterized. the pathological reports of patients who underwent surgical resection for lung cancer between April, 2004 and May, 2012 were reviewed. Of the 674 patients diagnosed with PA, 28 were found to have MPC. A total of 138 resected PAs without MPC were selected in the same period to serve as age-, gender- and smoking status-matched controls to the PA-MPC group...
February 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
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