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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742406/the-efficacy-of-low-dose-tadalafil-in-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#1
Mustafa Suat Bolat, İsmail Özer, Onder Cinar, Ekrem Akdeniz, Ramazan Aşcı
BACKGROUND: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a disorder that is frequently observed in people with chronic kidney disease who undergo hemodialysis (HD). In the context of evidence-based medicine, we aimed to investigate the effect of low-dose tadalafil on sexual function in patients undergoing HD. METHODS: The medical records of 30 males (aged 29-65 years) with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on a HD program, and who had received 5 mg tadalafil twice weekly, were retrospectively evaluated...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741810/gender-differences-in-machine-learning-models-of-trauma-and-suicidal-ideation-in-veterans-of-the-iraq-and-afghanistan-wars
#2
Jaimie L Gradus, Matthew W King, Isaac Galatzer-Levy, Amy E Street
Suicide rates among recent veterans have led to interest in risk identification. Evidence of gender-and trauma-specific predictors of suicidal ideation necessitates the use of advanced computational methods capable of elucidating these important and complex associations. In this study, we used machine learning to examine gender-specific associations between predeployment and military factors, traumatic deployment experiences, and psychopathology and suicidal ideation (SI) in a national sample of veterans deployed during the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts (n = 2,244)...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740851/burden-of-misconception-in-sexual-health-care-setting-a-cross-sectional-investigation-among-the-patients-attending-a-psychiatric-sex-clinic-of-bangladesh
#3
S M Yasir Arafat, Srijony Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh is a country in South Asia with about 160 million people and achieved health related Millennium Development Goals (MDG) significantly. But sexual health is still an untapped issue with predominant myths and misconception. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to look into the proportions of patients attending sexual health care services due to misconceptions. METHODS: The descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted among 110 patients attending Psychiatric Sex Clinic (PSC) of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University...
2017: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739565/unusual-genitourinary-tract-activity
#4
Eoin MacCraith, Niall F Davis, James Forde
A 23-year-old woman presented to the emergency department after manually inserting foreign bodies into the urinary bladder through her urethra. A plain abdominal film of the kidneys, ureters and bladder confirmed three radio-opaque densities in the urinary bladder. She was taken to the operating room where cystourethroscopy was performed. At cystoscopy 2 'corn-on-the-cob' skewers and 1 battery were identified but were too large to be retrieved safely with a grasper through the protective sheath. The objects were grasped with a 'sponge-holding forceps' (placed alongside the cystoscope) and extracted one at a time...
July 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735698/childhood-predictors-of-adult-functional-outcomes-in-the-multimodal-treatment-study-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-mta
#5
Arunima Roy, Lily Hechtman, L Eugene Arnold, James M Swanson, Brooke S G Molina, Margaret H Sibley, Andrea L Howard
OBJECTIVE: Recent results from the Multimodal Treatment Study of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD; MTA) have demonstrated impairments in several functioning domains in adults with childhood ADHD. The childhood predictors of these adult functional outcomes are not adequately understood. The objective of the present study was to determine the effects of childhood demographic, clinical, and family factors on adult functional outcomes in individuals with and without childhood ADHD from the MTA cohort...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733191/ethnomedicobotanical-study-of-indigenous-knowledge-on-medicinal-plants-used-for-the-treatment-of-reproductive-problems-in-nalbari-district-assam-india
#6
Simi Talukdar, Partha Pradip Adhikari, Ananta Borah
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Reproductive problems are evolving as most predominant health care problems in many countries, furthermore, WHO, 2012 exemplified maternal illnesses, birth asphyxia and post birth difficulties, are rising at an alarming rate.Not all abnormalities of the human reproductive system have the same origin; the effects on reproductive problems would likely be affected by both male and female. For easy accessibility and affordability medicinal plants play a key role in primary healthcare care services in India and their use is an integral part of the cultural heritage...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731489/sexual-health-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-body-weight-physical-activity-and-mental-state-factors-correlated-to-each-other
#7
Pier A Della Camera, Simone Morselli, Gianmartin Cito, Giovanni Tasso, Andrea Cocci, Nicola Laruccia, Fabrizio Travaglini, Dario Del Fabbro, Antonio R Mottola, Mauro Gacci, Sergio Serni, Marco Carini, Alessandro Natali
INTRODUCTION: Mediterranean diet has shown a protective role against cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer onset, microvascular damage and dementia in many trials. Our purpose is the assessment of a correlation between physical activity, Mediterranean diet, body mass index (BMI), depression and erection disorder (ED). METHODS: After having signed disclaimer to the study participation, we administered the IIEF 15 questionnaire (International Index of Erectil Function), the Hamilton questionnaire for major depression, the Med-Diet Questionnaire, the Ipaq Questionnaire (International Index of Physical Activity) to 245 patients and calculated the BMI...
July 14, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727662/paraphilic-thoughts-behaviors-and-sex-addiction-in-a-sample-of-persons-who-use-drugs-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Jales Clemente, Sandra Cristina Pillon, Jair de Jesus Mari, Claudio Jeronimo da Silva, Paulo Roberto Henrique Santana, Alessandra Diehl
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of paraphilic thoughts/behaviors (including paraphilic disorders) with and without sexual addiction and sexual-related conditions in a sample of substance disorder patients. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of substance-dependent individuals who sought outpatient treatment in São Paulo, Brazil. Data included sociodemographic information, drug of choice, responses to questions about sexual behavior, and to the following standardized questionnaires: (a) Sexual Addiction Screening Test, and (b) Childhood Trauma Questionnaire...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718605/-when-sex-hurts-the-couple-the-case-of-endometriosis
#9
Stas Shabanov, Jean-Marie Wenger, Stéphanie Seidler, Mylène Bolmont, Francesco Bianchi-Demicheli, Nicola Pluchino
Sexual health is a critical aspect of quality of life and is also influenced by medical conditions and health care interventions, particularly when gynaecological disorders are involved. Dyspareunia is a common symptom of endometriosis, a cause of personal distress and a main raison for seeking treatment. Endometriosis negatively affects different domains of sexual function and specific biopsychological variables (chronic pain, recurrence, infertility) may further worsen quality of sexual function and relationship...
March 15, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717512/trauma-related-emotions-and-radical-acceptance-in-dialectical-behavior-therapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-after-childhood-sexual-abuse
#10
Nora Görg, Kathlen Priebe, Jan R Böhnke, Regina Steil, Anne S Dyer, Nikolaus Kleindienst
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) related to childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is often associated with a wide range of trauma-related aversive emotions such as fear, disgust, sadness, shame, guilt, and anger. Intense experience of aversive emotions in particular has been linked to higher psychopathology in trauma survivors. Most established psychosocial treatments aim to reduce avoidance of trauma-related memories and associated emotions. Interventions based on Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) also foster radical acceptance of the traumatic event...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715127/increased-aggression-and-lack-of-maternal-behavior-in-dio3-deficient-mice-are-associated-with-abnormalities-in-oxytocin-and-vasopressin-systems
#11
J Patrizia Stohn, M Elena Martinez, Maryam Zafer, Daniela López-Espíndola, Lauren M Keyes, Arturo Hernandez
Thyroid hormones regulate many aspects of brain development and function, and alterations in the levels of thyroid hormone action lead to abnormal anxiety- and depression-like behaviors. A complement of factors in the brain function independently of circulating levels of hormone to strictly controlled local thyroid hormone signaling. A critical factor is the type 3 deiodinase (DIO3), which is located in neurons and protects the brain from excessive thyroid hormone. Here we examined whether a local increase in brain thyroid hormone action secondary to DIO3 deficiency is of consequence for social behaviors...
July 17, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714924/cross-sectional-study-to-determine-the-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-and-c-virus-infection-in-high-risk-groups-in-the-northeast-region-of-brazil
#12
Jakeline Ribeiro Barbosa, Cristianne Sousa Bezerra, Filipe Anibal Carvalho-Costa, Carolina Pimentel de Azevedo, Geane Lopes Flores, Jeová Keny Baima Colares, Danielle Malta Lima, Elisabeth Lampe, Lívia Melo Villar
Background: HBV (Hepatitis B Virus) and HCV (Hepatitis C Virus) infections are more prevalent in vulnerable populations than the general population. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of HBV and HCV infection in HIV-positive patients (GI), chronic renal failure (CRF) patients (GII) and coagulation disorder individuals (GIII). Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from June 2014 to March 2015. Serum samples were tested for markers of hepatitis B and C by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714321/zoophilia-in-an-adolescent-with-high-functioning-autism-from-sri-lanka
#13
Miyuru Chandradasa, Layani Champika
OBJECTIVE: Zoophilia is a rare paraphilic disorder with intense sexual urges involving animals. Autism is characterised by impairments in social communication and repetitive, restricted behaviours (RRB). Reported cases of zoophilia are limited worldwide, and zoophilia in autism is rarer. METHOD: This is a case report describing this unique and relatively unrecognised association in a male adolescent from Sri Lanka. RESULTS: A 17-year-old boy diagnosed with autism has average intelligence and academic capabilities...
July 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713038/assessment-of-sexual-function-in-women-with-neurological-disorders-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Frédérique Courtois, Marina Gérard, Kathleen Charvier, David B Vodušek, Gérard Amarenco
BACKGROUND: Although the rehabilitation of sexual function has been identified as a top priority among women presenting neurological conditions, sexual function is rarely assessed in this clinical group. OBJECTIVES: To review published assessment tools of sexual dysfunction in women with neurological conditions including multiple sclerosis (MS), spinal cord injury (SCI), Parkinson disease, stroke, traumatic brain injury. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted with Medline via PubMed, PubMed Central, and Medline databases...
July 13, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712591/normalizing-ovulation-rate-by-preferential-reduction-of-hepato-visceral-fat-in-adolescent-girls-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#15
Lourdes Ibáñez, Luis Del Río, Marta Díaz, Giorgia Sebastiani, Óscar J Pozo, Abel López-Bermejo, Francis de Zegher
PURPOSE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an increasingly prevalent disorder in adolescent girls, commonly presenting with hirsutism/oligomenorrhea, commonly treated with an oral contraceptive (OC), and commonly followed by oligoanovulatory subfertility. We tested whether an intervention targeting the reduction of hepato-visceral adiposity is followed by a higher ovulation rate than OC treatment. METHODS: This randomized, open-label, single-center, pilot proof-of-concept study (12 months on treatment, then 12 months off) was performed in adolescent girls with hirsutism and oligomenorrhea (PCOS by National Institutes of Health; no sexual activity; N = 36; mean age 16 years, body mass index 23...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711745/child-maltreatment-and-age-of-alcohol-and-marijuana-initiation-in-high-risk-youth
#16
Laura J Proctor, Terri Lewis, Scott Roesch, Richard Thompson, Alan J Litrownik, Diana English, Amelia M Arria, Patricia Isbell, Howard Dubowitz
INTRODUCTION: Youth with a history of child maltreatment use substances and develop substance use disorders at rates above national averages. Thus far, no research has examined pathways from maltreatment to age of substance use initiation for maltreated youth. We examined the longitudinal impact of maltreatment in early childhood on age of alcohol and marijuana use initiation, and whether internalizing and externalizing behaviors at age 8 mediates the link between maltreatment and age of substance use initiation...
June 30, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711608/do-anabolic-androgenic-steroids-have-performance-enhancing-effects-in-female-athletes
#17
REVIEW
Grace Huang, Shehzad Basaria
Doping with anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) is common among both male and female athletes and is a growing public health problem. Review of historical data of systematic state-sponsored doping programs implemented by the German Democratic Republic in elite female athletes and from clinical trials of testosterone administration in non-athlete women suggests that AAS have ergogenic effects in women. The use of AAS in female athletes has been associated with adverse effects that include acne, hirsutism, deepening of the voice and menstrual disturbances; life-threatening adverse effects such as cardiac arrhythmias and sudden death have also been reported...
July 12, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711599/arachidonic-acid-sex-dependently-affects-obesity-through-linking-gut-microbiota-driven-inflammation-to-hypothalamus-adipose-liver-axis
#18
Pan Zhuang, Qiyang Shou, Yanhua Lu, Guangfa Wang, Jieni Qiu, Jun Wang, Lilin He, Jingnan Chen, Jingjing Jiao, Yu Zhang
Unraveling the role of dietary lipids is beneficial to treat obesity and metabolic dysfunction. Nonetheless, how dietary lipids affect existing obesity remains unknown. Arachidonic acid (AA), a derivative of linoleic acid, is one of the crucial n-6 fatty acids. The aim of this study was to investigate whether AA affects obesity through associating microbiota-driven inflammation with hypothalamus-adipose-liver axis. Four-week old C57BL/6J mice were fed with a high-fat diet (HFD, 45% fat) for 10 weeks to induce obesity, and then fed a HFD enriched with 10 g/kg of AA or a continuous HFD in the following 15 weeks...
July 12, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711223/role-of-sexuality-in-body-integrity-identity-disorder-biid-a%C3%A2-cross-sectional-internet-based-survey-study
#19
Rianne M Blom, Sija J van der Wal, Nienke C Vulink, Damiaan Denys
BACKGROUND: Body integrity identity disorder (BIID)-a strong desire for amputation or paralysis-is often accompanied by feelings and cognitions of sexual arousal, although this sexual component has been largely neglected in the recent literature. AIM: To examine the presence of BIID-related sexual arousal in subjects with BIID and explore clinical and demographic variables of subjects with BIID who do and do not possess this sexual arousal. METHODS: Eighty individuals with BIID responded to an internet-based survey we created...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702986/electromagnetic-field-in-control-tissue-regeneration-pelvic-pain-neuro-inflammation-and-modulation-of-non-neuronal-cells
#20
S E Aragona, G Mereghetti, G Gianazza, A Salsa, G Gianazza, J Lotti, A Vosa, T Lotti, E Canavesi
In scientific literature, magnetic fields are used both in basic science and clinical research. They are often used to treat pain and neuro-inflammation disorders thanks to their influence on cellular responses. Our project was born from the regenerative support that we wanted to give to those diseases characterized by neuro-inflammation, nerve lesion, muscles and tissues disorders that can transform the symptom (e.g. neuropathic pelvic pain) in disease. In this study, we examined the action of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) on skin lesion regeneration and the repetitive trans-pelvic magnetic stimulation (rTPMS) on patients affected by incontinence and post-surgical problems, sexual dysfunction, and pelvic pain...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
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