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Yakun Wang, Xiaoqiong Hao, Jing Yang, Jia Li, Meijia Zhang
A surge of luteinizing hormone (LH) from the pituitary gland induces the expression of the epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like factors, which triggers oocyte maturation, cumulus expansion, and ovulation. How LH induces EGF-like factor expression is unclear. In the present study, a rapid increase of phosphorylated cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) was observed after the activation of LH receptor by human chorionic gonadotropin. Large antral follicles from equine chorionic gonadotropin-primed mice were cultured in medium with LH to stimulate the expression of EGF-like factors...
October 22, 2016: Molecular Reproduction and Development
Chengxing Zhu, Jiong Yu, Qiaoling Pan, Jinfeng Yang, Guangshu Hao, Yingjie Wang, Lanjuan Li, Hongcui Cao
Human placenta-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hPMSCs) reside in a physiologically low-oxygen microenvironment. Hypoxia influences a variety of stem cell cellular activities, frequently involving hypoxia-inducible factor-2 alpha (HIF-2α). This research showed that hPMSCs cultured in hypoxic conditions (5% O2) exhibited a more naïve morphology and had a higher proliferative capability and higher HIF-2α expression than hPMSCs cultured in normoxic conditions (21% O2). Similar to the hypoxic cultures, hPMSCs over-expressing HIF-2α showed higher proliferative potential and higher expression of CCND1 (CyclinD1), MYC (c-Myc), POU5F1 (Oct4) and the components of the MAPK/ERK pathway...
October 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
Jennifer Roche, Christelle Ramé, Maxime Reverchon, Namya Mellouk, Marion Cornuau, Fabrice Guerif, Pascal Froment, Joëlle Dupont
Apelin (APLN) is a recently discovered adipokine involved in the regulation of various metabolic functions. Its receptor, APLNR, is expressed in reproductive tissues, however, its role in human ovarian cells is unknown. In this study we identified APLN and APLNR in human ovarian follicles and analyzed their expression in granulosa cells and follicular fluid obtained from obese and non-obese patients, with or without polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). We also investigated the effect of APLN on steroidogenesis in cultured human luteinized granulosa cells (hGCs) from non-obese patients without PCOS...
September 28, 2016: Biology of Reproduction
Majid Motaghinejad, Manijeh Motevalian, Reza Falak, Mansour Heidari, Mahshid Sharzad, Elham Kalantari
Methylphenidate (MPH) abuse damages brain cells. The neuroprotective effects of topiramate (TPM) have been reported previously, but its exact mechanism of action still remains unclear. This study investigated the in vivo role of various doses of TPM in the protection of rat amygdala cells against methylphenidate-induced oxidative stress and inflammation. Seventy adult male rats were divided into seven groups. Groups 1 and 2 received normal saline (0.7 ml/rat) and MPH (10 mg/kg), respectively, for 21 days...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Neural Transmission
Parvaneh Daneshmand, Kioomars Saliminejad, Marzieh Dehghan Shasaltaneh, Koorosh Kamali, Gholam Hossein Riazi, Reza Nazari, Pedram Azimzadeh, Hamid Reza Khorram Khorshid
BACKGROUND: Sporadic Alzheimer's Disease (SAD) is caused by genetic risk factors, aging and oxidative stresses. The herbal extract of Rosa canina (R. canina), Tanacetum vulgare (T. vulgare) and Urtica dioica (U. dioica) has a beneficial role in aging, as an anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative agent. In this study, the neuroprotective effects of this herbal extract in the rat model of SAD was investigated. METHODS: The rats were divided into control, sham, model, herbal extract -treated and ethanol-treated groups...
July 2016: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
Juan Wang, Jun-Ying Zhou, Dhonghyo Kho, John J Reiners, Gen Sheng Wu
Accumulating evidence suggests that mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) regulate macroautophagy/autophagy. However, the involvement of dual-specificity protein phosphatases (DUSPs), endogenous inhibitors for MAPKs, in autophagy remains to be determined. Here we report that DUSP1/MKP-1, the founding member of the DUSP family, plays a critical role in regulating autophagy. Specifically, we demonstrate that DUSP1 knockdown by shRNA in human ovarian cancer CAOV3 cells and knockout in murine embryonic fibroblasts, increases both basal and rapamycin-increased autophagic flux...
October 2, 2016: Autophagy
Inna G Ovsyannikova, Ann L Oberg, Richard B Kennedy, Michael T Zimmermann, Iana H Haralambieva, Krista M Goergen, Diane E Grill, Gregory A Poland
To assess gene signatures related to humoral response among healthy older subjects following seasonal influenza vaccination, we studied 94 healthy adults (50-74 years old) who received one documented dose of licensed trivalent influenza vaccine containing the A/California/7/2009 (H1N1)-like virus strain. Influenza-specific antibody (HAI) titer in serum samples and next-generation sequencing on PBMCs were performed using blood samples collected prior to (Day 0) and at two timepoints after (Days 3 and 28) vaccination...
May 2016: Heliyon
Katherine D Blizinsky, Blanca Diaz-Castro, Marc P Forrest, Britta Schürmann, Anthony P Bach, Maria Dolores Martin-de-Saavedra, Lei Wang, John G Csernansky, Jubao Duan, Peter Penzes
The architecture of dendritic arbors contributes to neuronal connectivity in the brain. Conversely, abnormalities in dendrites have been reported in multiple mental disorders and are thought to contribute to pathogenesis. Rare copy number variations (CNVs) are genetic alterations that are associated with a wide range of mental disorders and are highly penetrant. The 16p11.2 microduplication is one of the CNVs most strongly associated with schizophrenia and autism, spanning multiple genes possibly involved in synaptic neurotransmission...
July 26, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Zhongxing Liang, Xuehai Bian, Hyunsuk Shim
Triple negative breast tumors don't respond to Tamoxifen and Herceptin, two of the most effective medications for treating breast cancer. Additionally, triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) intrinsically resists or will eventually acquire resistance to chemotherapy. The purpose of this study is to understand better the molecular basis of TNBC as well as develop new therapeutic strategies against it. Here, we analyzed miRNA-206 expression levels in breast cancer cell lines and tissues. In addition, we investigated whether miR-206 mimics inhibited TNBC tumor invasion and angiogenesis...
August 26, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Honggang Huang, Martin Haar Pedersen, Maria Ibanez Vea, Pernille S Lassen, Martin R Larsen, Giuseppe Palmisano
Cysteine is a rare and conserved amino acid involved in most cellular functions. The thiol group of cysteine can be subjected to diverse oxidative modifications that regulate many physio-pathological states. In the present work, a Cysteine-specific Phosphonate Adaptable Tag (CysPAT) was synthesized to selectively label cysteine-containing peptides (Cys peptides) followed by their enrichment with titanium dioxide (TiO2) and subsequent mass spectrometric analysis. The CysPAT strategy was developed using a synthetic peptide, a standard protein and subsequently the strategy was applied to protein lysates from Hela cells, achieving high specificity and enrichment efficiency...
June 8, 2016: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
Bingfang Xu, Angela M Washington, Barry T Hinton
Without a fully developed and functioning initial segment, the most proximal region of the epididymis, male infertility results. Therefore, it is important to understand the development of the initial segment. During postnatal development of the epididymis, many cellular processes of the initial segment are regulated by lumicrine factors, which are produced by the testis and enter the epididymis with testicular luminal fluid. In this report, we showed that prior to Postnatal Day 15 (P15), the initial segment was lumicrine factor independent in the mouse...
July 2016: Biology of Reproduction
Florenza Lüder Ripoli, Annika Mohr, Susanne Conradine Hammer, Saskia Willenbrock, Marion Hewicker-Trautwein, Silvia Hennecke, Hugo Murua Escobar, Ingo Nolte
Mammary neoplasms are the tumors most affecting female dogs and women. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues are an invaluable source of archived biological material. Fresh frozen (FF) tissue is considered ideal for gene expression analysis. However, strategies based on FFPE material offer several advantages. Branched-DNA assays permit a reliable and fast workflow when analyzing gene expression. The aim of this study was to assess the comparability of the branched-DNA assay when analyzing certain gene expression patterns between FF and FFPE samples in canine mammary tumors...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Lei Ding, Liyong Wang, Leiming Sui, Huanying Zhao, Xiaoxue Xu, Tengyan Li, Xiaonan Wang, Wenjing Li, Ping Zhou, Lu Kong
The claudin family of proteins is integral to the structure and function of tight junctions. The role of claudin-7 (Cldn-7, CLDN7) in regulating the integrin/focal adhesion kinase (FAK)/ERK signaling pathway remains poorly understood. Therefore, we investigated differences in gene expression, primarily focusing on CLDN7 and integrin/FAK/ERK signaling pathway genes, between colon cancer and adjacent normal tissues. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR and immunohistochemistry were utilized to verify the results of mRNA and protein expression, respectively...
August 2016: Journal of Human Genetics
XiaoHong Guo, HaiYan Zhang, QianQian Zhang, XiuQing Li, LiXin Liu
OBJECTIVE: Our previous studies characterized insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-related protein 1 (IGFBPrP1) as a molecule that promotes hepatic fibrogenesis, but its mechanism has not been fully elucidated. Here, we have investigated the effect of IGFBPrP1 on gene expression in the hepatic fibrosis-related pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats received injections of an adenovirus carrying IGFBPrP1 or EGFP cDNA into their tail veins. In hepatic preparations, hepatic stellate cell activation was determined by α-smooth muscle actin expression and hepatic fibrosis by Sirius red staining and hydroxyproline content analysis...
July 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Rajat Bhattacharya, Xiang-Cang Ye, Rui Wang, Xia Ling, Madonna McManus, Fan Fan, Delphine Boulbes, Lee M Ellis
The effects of vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A/VEGF) and its receptors on endothelial cells function have been studied extensively, but their effects on tumor cells are less well defined. Studies of human colorectal cancer cells where the VEGF gene has been deleted suggest an intracellular role of VEGF as a cell survival factor. In this study, we investigated the role of intracrine VEGF signaling in colorectal cancer cell survival. In human colorectal cancer cells, RNAi-mediated depletion of VEGF decreased cell survival and enhanced sensitivity to chemotherapy...
May 15, 2016: Cancer Research
Hilka Rauert-Wunderlich, Martina Rudelius, German Ott, Andreas Rosenwald
Although targeting the Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) with ibrutinib has changed lymphoma treatment, patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) remain incurable. In this study, we characterized a broad range of MCL cell lines and primary MCL cells with respect to the response to the BTK inhibitor, ibrutinib, and compared it with the response to the protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor, sotrastaurin. At clinically relevant concentrations, each drug induced potent cell death only in the REC-1 cell line, which was accompanied by robust inhibition of AKT and ERK1/ERK2 (ERK1/2, also termed MAPK3/MAPK1) phosphorylation...
May 2016: British Journal of Haematology
Lei Yang, Qiang Wei, Wei Li, Qihui Xi, Xiaoe Zhao, Baohua Ma
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported that follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is often added to culture media to induce oocyte meiotic resumption and maturation and to improve subsequent embryonic development during in vitro maturation (IVM). However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. METHODS: Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were collected from ovaries 46-48 h after the female mice were intraperitoneally injected with 8 IU equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) and then the COCs were cultured in different medium...
2016: Journal of Ovarian Research
C Wright, C N Gupta, J Chen, V Patel, V D Calhoun, S Ehrlich, L Wang, J R Bustillo, N I Perrone-Bizzozero, J A Turner
Evidence suggests that microRNA-137 (miR-137) is involved in the genetic basis of schizophrenia. Risk variants within the miR-137 host gene (MIR137HG) influence structural and functional brain-imaging measures, and miR-137 itself is predicted to regulate hundreds of genes. We evaluated the influence of a MIR137HG risk variant (rs1625579) in combination with variants in miR-137-regulated genes TCF4, PTGS2, MAPK1 and MAPK3 on gray matter concentration (GMC). These genes were selected based on our previous work assessing schizophrenia risk within possible miR-137-regulated gene sets using the same cohort of subjects...
2016: Translational Psychiatry
Yan-Ming Xu, Dan-Dan Wu, Wei Zheng, Fei-Yuan Yu, Feng Yang, Yue Yao, Yuan Zhou, Yick-Pang Ching, Andy T Y Lau
Protein array technology is a powerful platform for the simultaneous determination of the expression levels of a number of proteins as well as post-translational modifications such as phosphorylation. Here, we screen and report for the first time, the dominant signaling cascades and apoptotic mediators during the course of cadmium (Cd)-induced cytotoxicity in human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) by antibody array analyses. Proteins from control and Cd-treated cells were captured on Proteome Profiler™ Arrays for the parallel determination of the relative levels of protein phosphorylation and proteins associated with apoptosis...
February 2, 2016: Oncotarget
Peter A van Dam, Pieter-Jan H H van Dam, Christian Rolfo, Marco Giallombardo, Christophe van Berckelaer, Xuan Bich Trinh, Sevilay Altintas, Manon Huizing, Kostas Papadimitriou, Wiebren A A Tjalma, Steven van Laere
An in silico pathway analysis was performed in order to improve current knowledge on the molecular drivers of cervical cancer and detect potential targets for treatment. Three publicly available Affymetrix gene expression data-sets (GSE5787, GSE7803, GSE9750) were retrieved, vouching for a total of 9 cervical cancer cell lines (CCCLs), 39 normal cervical samples, 7 CIN3 samples and 111 cervical cancer samples (CCSs). Predication analysis of microarrays was performed in the Affymetrix sets to identify cervical cancer biomarkers...
January 19, 2016: Oncotarget
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