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Maria Nicla Loviglio, Thomas Arbogast, Aia Elise Jønch, Stephan C Collins, Konstantin Popadin, Camille S Bonnet, Giuliana Giannuzzi, Anne M Maillard, Sébastien Jacquemont, Binnaz Yalcin, Nicholas Katsanis, Christelle Golzio, Alexandre Reymond
Copy-number changes in 16p11.2 contribute significantly to neuropsychiatric traits. Besides the 600 kb BP4-BP5 CNV found in 0.5%-1% of individuals with autism spectrum disorders and schizophrenia and whose rearrangement causes reciprocal defects in head size and body weight, a second distal 220 kb BP2-BP3 CNV is likewise a potent driver of neuropsychiatric, anatomical, and metabolic pathologies. These two CNVs are engaged in complex reciprocal chromatin looping, intimating a functional relationship between genes in these regions that might be relevant to pathomechanism...
October 5, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
Daniel M Pinkas, Caroline E Sanvitale, Joshua C Bufton, Fiona J Sorrell, Nicolae Solcan, Rod Chalk, James Doutch, Alex N Bullock
Members of the potassium channel tetramerization domain (KCTD) family are soluble non-channel proteins that commonly function as Cullin3 (Cul3)-dependent E3 ligases. Solution studies of the N-terminal BTB domain have suggested that some KCTD family members may tetramerize similarly to the homologous tetramerization domain (T1) of the voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels. However, available structures of KCTD1, KCTD5 and KCTD9 have demonstrated instead pentameric assemblies. To explore other phylogenetic clades within the KCTD family, we determined the crystal structures of the BTB domains of a further five human KCTD proteins revealing a rich variety of oligomerization architectures, including monomer (SHKBP1), a novel two-fold symmetric tetramer (KCTD10 and KCTD13), open pentamer (KCTD16) and closed pentamer (KCTD17)...
November 1, 2017: Biochemical Journal
Franziska Degenhardt, Barbara Heinemann, Jana Strohmaier, Marvin A Pfohl, Ina Giegling, Andrea Hofmann, Kerstin U Ludwig, Stephanie H Witt, Michael Ludwig, Andreas J Forstner, Margot Albus, Sibylle G Schwab, Margitta Borrmann-Hassenbach, Leonard Lennertz, Michael Wagner, Per Hoffmann, Dan Rujescu, Wolfgang Maier, Sven Cichon, Marcella Rietschel, Markus M Nöthen
Duplications in 16p11.2 are a risk factor for schizophrenia (SCZ). Using genetically modified zebrafish, Golzio and colleagues identified KCTD13 within 16p11.2 as a major driver of the neuropsychiatric phenotype observed in humans. The aims of the present study were to explore the role of KCTD13 in the development of SCZ and to provide a more complete picture of the allelic architecture at this risk locus. The exons of KCTD13 were sequenced in 576 patients. The mutations c.6G>T and c.598G>A were identified in one patient each...
December 2016: Psychiatric Genetics
Ivan Gladwyn-Ng, Lieven Huang, Linh Ngo, Shan Shan Li, Zhengdong Qu, Hannah Kate Vanyai, Hayley Daniella Cullen, John Michael Davis, Julian Ik-Tsen Heng
BACKGROUND: The development of neural circuits within the embryonic cerebral cortex relies on the timely production of neurons, their positioning within the embryonic cerebral cortex as well as their terminal differentiation and dendritic spine connectivity. The RhoA GTPases Rnd2 and Rnd3 are important for neurogenesis and cell migration within the embryonic cortex (Nat Commun 4:1635, 2013), and we recently identified the BTB/POZ domain-containing Adaptor for Cul3-mediated RhoA Degradation family member Bacurd2 (also known as Tnfaip1) as an interacting partner to Rnd2 for the migration of embryonic mouse cortical neurons (Neural Dev 10:9, 2015)...
March 11, 2016: Neural Development
Mary Kusenda, Vladimir Vacic, Dheeraj Malhotra, Linda Rodgers, Kevin Pavon, Jennifer Meth, Ravinesh A Kumar, Susan L Christian, Hilde Peeters, Shawn S Cho, Anjene Addington, Judith L Rapoport, Jonathan Sebat
Copy number variants (CNVs) of a 600 kb region on 16p11.2 are associated with neurodevelopmental disorders and changes in brain volume. The authors hypothesize that abnormal brain development associated with this CNV can be attributed to changes in transcriptional regulation. The authors determined the effects of 16p11.2 dosage on gene expression by transcription profiling of lymphoblast cell lines derived from 6 microdeletion carriers, 15 microduplication carriers and 15 controls. Gene dosage had a significant influence on the transcript abundance of a majority (20/34) of genes within the CNV region...
December 2015: Journal of Child Neurology
Eugenia Migliavacca, Christelle Golzio, Katrin Männik, Ian Blumenthal, Edwin C Oh, Louise Harewood, Jack A Kosmicki, Maria Nicla Loviglio, Giuliana Giannuzzi, Loyse Hippolyte, Anne M Maillard, Ali Abdullah Alfaiz, Mieke M van Haelst, Joris Andrieux, James F Gusella, Mark J Daly, Jacques S Beckmann, Sébastien Jacquemont, Michael E Talkowski, Nicholas Katsanis, Alexandre Reymond
The 16p11.2 600 kb copy-number variants (CNVs) are associated with mirror phenotypes on BMI, head circumference, and brain volume and represent frequent genetic lesions in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and schizophrenia. Here we interrogated the transcriptome of individuals carrying reciprocal 16p11.2 CNVs. Transcript perturbations correlated with clinical endophenotypes and were enriched for genes associated with ASDs, abnormalities of head size, and ciliopathies. Ciliary gene expression was also perturbed in orthologous mouse models, raising the possibility that ciliary dysfunction contributes to 16p11...
May 7, 2015: American Journal of Human Genetics
Guan Ning Lin, Roser Corominas, Irma Lemmens, Xinping Yang, Jan Tavernier, David E Hill, Marc Vidal, Jonathan Sebat, Lilia M Iakoucheva
The psychiatric disorders autism and schizophrenia have a strong genetic component, and copy number variants (CNVs) are firmly implicated. Recurrent deletions and duplications of chromosome 16p11.2 confer a high risk for both diseases, but the pathways disrupted by this CNV are poorly defined. Here we investigate the dynamics of the 16p11.2 network by integrating physical interactions of 16p11.2 proteins with spatiotemporal gene expression from the developing human brain. We observe profound changes in protein interaction networks throughout different stages of brain development and/or in different brain regions...
February 18, 2015: Neuron
Xiang Hu, Shiquan Gan, Guie Xie, Li Li, Cheng Chen, Xiaofeng Ding, Mei Han, Shuanglin Xiang, Jian Zhang
KCTD10 is a member of the PDIP1 family, which is highly conserved during evolution, sharing a lot of similarities among human, mouse, and zebrafish. Recently, zebrafish KCTD13 has been identified to play an important role in the early development of brain and autism. However, the specific function of KCTD10 remains to be elucidated. In this study, experiments were carried out to determine the expression pattern of zebrafish KCTD10 mRNA during embryonic development. It was found that KCTD10 is a maternal gene and KCTD10 is of great importance in the shaping of heart and blood vessels...
May 2014: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Christelle Golzio, Jason Willer, Michael E Talkowski, Edwin C Oh, Yu Taniguchi, Sébastien Jacquemont, Alexandre Reymond, Mei Sun, Akira Sawa, James F Gusella, Atsushi Kamiya, Jacques S Beckmann, Nicholas Katsanis
Copy number variants (CNVs) are major contributors to genetic disorders. We have dissected a region of the 16p11.2 chromosome--which encompasses 29 genes--that confers susceptibility to neurocognitive defects when deleted or duplicated. Overexpression of each human transcript in zebrafish embryos identified KCTD13 as the sole message capable of inducing the microcephaly phenotype associated with the 16p11.2 duplication, whereas suppression of the same locus yielded the macrocephalic phenotype associated with the 16p11...
May 17, 2012: Nature
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