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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166402/early-pleistocene-archaeological-occurrences-at-the-feiliang-site-and-the-archaeology-of-human-origins-in-the-nihewan-basin-north-china
#1
Shuwen Pei, Fei Xie, Chenglong Deng, Zhenxiu Jia, Xiaomin Wang, Ying Guan, Xiaoli Li, Dongdong Ma, Ignacio de la Torre
The Early Pleistocene archaeological evidence from the fluvio-lacustrine sequence of the Nihewan Basin (North China) offers an excellent opportunity to explore early human evolution and behavior in a temperate setting in East Asia, following the earliest 'Out of Africa'. Here we present the first comprehensive study of the Feiliang (FL) site, with emphasis on the archaeological sequence, site integrity, and stone artifact assemblages. Magnetostratigraphic dating results show that early humans occupied the site ca...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166390/criticism-by-community-people-and-poor-workplace-communication-as-risk-factors-for-the-mental-health-of-local-welfare-workers-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Ikki Ueda, Atsushi Sakuma, Yoko Takahashi, Wataru Shoji, Ayami Nagao, Mikika Abe, Yuriko Suzuki, Hiroo Matsuoka, Kazunori Matsumoto
After a large-scale natural disaster, demand for social welfare services increases, and the mental health of local social welfare workers becomes a matter of great concern because of their dual role as support providers and disaster survivors. We examined whether work-related social stressors, including criticism by community people and poor workplace communication, were associated with increased risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, or psychological distress 20-22 months after the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE; March 11, 2011) in local social welfare workers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166389/comparisons-of-management-practices-and-farm-design-on-australian-commercial-layer-and-meat-chicken-farms-cage-barn-and-free-range
#3
Angela Bullanday Scott, Mini Singh, Jenny-Ann Toribio, Marta Hernandez-Jover, Belinda Barnes, Kathryn Glass, Barbara Moloney, Amanda Lee, Peter Groves
There are few published studies describing the unique management practices, farm design and housing characteristics of commercial meat chicken and layer farms in Australia. In particular, there has been a large expansion of free range poultry production in Australia in recent years, but limited information about this enterprise exists. This study aimed to describe features of Australian commercial chicken farms, with particular interest in free range farms, by conducting on-farm interviews of 25 free range layer farms, nine cage layer farms, nine barn layer farms, six free range meat chicken farms and 15 barn meat chicken farms in the Sydney basin bioregion and South East Queensland...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165583/modelling-projections-for-the-risks-related-with-atrial-fibrillation-in-east-asia-a-focus-on-ischaemic-stroke-and-death
#4
Ying Bai, Shi-Dong Guo, Alena Shantsila, Gregory Y H Lip
Aims: In the Far East, there has generally been low uptake of oral anticoagulants (OACs) using vitamin K antagonists (VKA, e.g. warfarin) for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF), but OAC use has been increasing more recently, with the introduction of the non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs). To explore the risks of ischaemic stroke (IS) and death related to AF in East Asia using modelling projections. Methods and results: We performed a modelling analysis of possible trends of IS and death rates in AF patients from the time period of only VKA use to current increasing trends of NOAC use projecting until 2050 in East Asia...
November 20, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165231/sequence-optimized-real-time-reverse-transcription-polymerase-chain-reaction-assay-for-detection-of-crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-virus
#5
Jeffrey W Koehler, Korey L Delp, Adrienne T Hall, Scott P Olschner, Brian J Kearney, Aura R Garrison, Louis A Altamura, Cynthia A Rossi, Timothy D Minogue
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) is a tick-borne virus of the genus Nairovirus within the family Bunyaviridae. Infection can result in general myalgia, fever, and headache with some patients developing hemorrhagic fever with mortality rates ranging from 5% to 30%. CCHFV has a wide geographic range that includes Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and Europe with nucleotide sequence variation approaching 20% across the three negative-sense RNA genome segments. While phylogenetic clustering generally aligns with geographic origin of individual strains, distribution can be wide due to tick/CCHFV dispersion via migrating birds...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165228/case-report-histoplasmosis-first-autochthonous-case-from-israel
#6
Adi Elias, Khaldun Abu Saleh, Nabil Faranesh, Raid Dalal, Yuval Geffen, Yael Fisher, Ami Neuberger, Suleiman Zaaroura
We present an autochthonous Histoplasma infection in Israel. The patient presented with hoarseness and weight loss. Pathology findings and molecular tests confirmed the diagnosis, and the patient responded to antifungal therapy. Because the patient had an atypical presentation of histoplasmosis, it is likely that other more typical cases have gone unreported. To our knowledge, no other cases have been previously reported from Israel or the Middle East region.
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165177/level-of-perception-of-technical-terms-regarding-the-effect-of-radiation-on-the-human-body-by-residents-of-japan
#7
Yoshitoku Yoshida, Yasuko Yoshida, Emiko Isogai, Takashi Hayase, Kozue Nakamura, Mitsuo Saito, Koji Arizono
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the level of perception of the technical terms related to the effect of radiation on the human body among residents of the six prefectures of Miyagi, Fukushima, Tokyo, Aichi, Hiroshima, and Nagasaki in Japan. Miyagi and Fukushima were selected as devastated area by Great East Japan Earthquake. Tokyo and Aichi were selected as control. Hiroshima and Nagasaki were selected as the A-bombed area. METHODS: A total of 1030 respondents, 172, 173, 171, 173, 171, and 170, respectively, were surveyed...
October 27, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165161/rare-variants-of-rnf213-and-moyamoya-non-moyamoya-intracranial-artery-stenosis-occlusion-disease-risk-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#8
Xin Liao, Jing Deng, Wenjie Dai, Tong Zhang, Junxia Yan
BACKGROUND: The p.R4810K and other rare variants of ring finger protein 213 gene (RNF213) were illustrated as susceptibility variants for moyamoya (MMD) and non-moyamoya intracranial artery stenosis/occlusion disease (ICASO) recently. However, the effect sizes of p.R4810K were in great discrepancy even in studies of the same ethnic population and firm conclusions of other rare variants have been elusive given the small sample sizes and lack of replication. Thus, we performed this study to quantitatively evaluate whether or to what extent the rare variants of RNF213 contribute to MMD and ICASO in different populations...
November 2, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165127/perspectives-acquired-through-long-term-epidemiological-studies-on-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#9
REVIEW
Toru Tsuboya, Mariko Inoue, Michihiro Satoh, Kei Asayama
The Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) and subsequent tsunamis that occurred in 2011 caused extensive and severe structural damage and interrupted numerous research activities; however, the majority of such activities have been revived, and further public health researches and activities have started to follow the population affected by the disaster. In this mini-review, we overview our recent activities regarding epidemiologic studies in Miyagi Prefecture, the region most affected by the GEJE. Through our study processes, we were able to identify the particular characteristics of vulnerable populations, and provide ideas that may help save lives and reduce the amount of damage caused by a future disaster...
March 15, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164999/collagen-type-i-a2-gene-polymorphisms-and-susceptibility-to-intracranial-aneurysms-a-meta-analysis-of-genetic-association-studies
#10
Alexandros G Brotis, Anastasia Tasiou, Theofanis Giannis, Athanasios Paschalis, Kostas N Fountas
BACKGROUND: The development, evolution and rupture of intracranial aneurysms is in part related to genetic factors. The role Collagen type I a2 genetic polymorphisms has not been clarified yet. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A meta-analysis was realized by means of a genotype model-fitting processes (allele contrast, recessive, dominant, additive, and co-dominant), and a model-free approach using the generalized odds ratio (ORG). The latter was assessed in association to the degree of dominance (h-index)...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164943/a-global-perspective-on-religious-participation-and-suicide
#11
Ning Hsieh
Although sociological research in the Durkheimian tradition has generally accepted that religious involvement protects against suicide, few studies have examined this theoretical proposition outside Western industrialized settings. Using multilevel models to analyze data from the World Health Organization Mortality Database and the World Values Survey (1981-2007) across 42 countries in seven geographical-cultural regions, this study explores whether religious participation is more protective against suicide in some regions than others and, if so, why...
September 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164624/suppression-of-uvb-mediated-matrix-metalloproteinase-generation-by-sorbus-commixta-twig-extract-in-human-dermal-fibroblasts
#12
Song Hua Xuan, Young Min Park, So Hyun Park, Hyo Jin Jeong, Soo Nam Park
Sorbus commixta is a traditional oriental medicinal plant that grows in East Asian countries such as Korea, Japan, and China. The twig of S. commixta has been considered valuable for centuries to treat diseases including asthma, cough, and other bronchial disorders. However, the effect of S. commixta twig extract on human skin has not been investigated well. The present study aimed at assessing the anti-photoaging effect of S. commixta twig ethanol extract (STE) on ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) levels and its underlying mechanism in human dermal fibroblasts...
November 22, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164538/particle-deposition-resuspension-and-phosphorus-accumulation-in-small-constructed-wetlands
#13
Pia Geranmayeh, Karin M Johannesson, Barbro Ulén, Karin S Tonderski
To improve understanding of phosphorus (P) retention processes in small constructed wetlands (CWs), we analysed variations in sediment deposition and accumulation in four CWs on clay soils in east-central Sweden. Sediment deposition (in traps) generally exceeded the total suspended solids (TSS) load suggesting that resuspension and wetland base erosion were important. This was confirmed by quantification of particle accumulation (on plates) (1-23 kg m(-2) year(-1)), which amounted to only 13-23% of trap deposition...
November 21, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164279/elemental-concentrations-in-roadside-dust-along-two-national-highways-in-northern-vietnam-and-the-health-risk-implication
#14
Thai Ha Phi, Pham Minh Chinh, Doan Danh Cuong, Luong Thi Mai Ly, Nguyen Van Thinh, Phong K Thai
There is a need to assess the risk of exposure to metals via roadside dust in Vietnam where many people live along the road/highways and are constantly exposed to roadside dust. In this study, we collected dust samples at 55 locations along two major Highways in north-east Vietnam, which passed through different land use areas. Samples were sieved into three different particle sizes and analyzed for concentrations of eight metals using a X-ray fluorescence instrument. The concentrations and environmental indices (EF, I geo) of metals were used to evaluate the degree of pollution in the samples...
November 21, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164011/dat-s-awesome-hawai-i-s-first-dopamine-transporter-dat-nuclear-medicine-study
#15
Eric J Royston, Yang-En Kao, Kevin M Nakamura
Parkinsonian Syndromes are difficult to accurately diagnose and distinguish from other neurological processes such as essential tremor. Until now, physical exam and clinical presentation have been the gold standard for diagnosis (bradykinesia, tremor, rigidity, and postural instability).1 However, this leads to over- or under diagnosis and improper treatment due to variability in presentation and symptoms.1 A nuclear medicine study using I-123 Ioflupane (DaTSCAN) has been developed, which allows accurate differentiation of Parkinsonian Syndromes from other etiologies...
November 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163867/strengthening-mental-health-care-systems-for-syrian-refugees-in-europe-and-the-middle-east-integrating-scalable-psychological-interventions-in-eight-countries
#16
REVIEW
Marit Sijbrandij, Ceren Acarturk, Martha Bird, Richard A Bryant, Sebastian Burchert, Kenneth Carswell, Joop de Jong, Cecilie Dinesen, Katie S Dawson, Rabih El Chammay, Linde van Ittersum, Mark Jordans, Christine Knaevelsrud, David McDaid, Kenneth Miller, Naser Morina, A-La Park, Bayard Roberts, Yvette van Son, Egbert Sondorp, Monique C Pfaltz, Leontien Ruttenberg, Matthis Schick, Ulrich Schnyder, Mark van Ommeren, Peter Ventevogel, Inka Weissbecker, Erica Weitz, Nana Wiedemann, Claire Whitney, Pim Cuijpers
The crisis in Syria has resulted in vast numbers of refugees seeking asylum in Syria's neighbouring countries as well as in Europe. Refugees are at considerable risk of developing common mental disorders, including depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Most refugees do not have access to mental health services for these problems because of multiple barriers in national and refugee specific health systems, including limited availability of mental health professionals. To counter some of challenges arising from limited mental health system capacity the World Health Organization (WHO) has developed a range of scalable psychological interventions aimed at reducing psychological distress and improving functioning in people living in communities affected by adversity...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163568/canopy-chlorophyll-density-based-index-for-estimating-nitrogen-status-and-predicting-grain-yield-in-rice
#17
Xiaojun Liu, Ke Zhang, Zeyu Zhang, Qiang Cao, Zunfu Lv, Zhaofeng Yuan, Yongchao Tian, Weixing Cao, Yan Zhu
Canopy chlorophyll density (Chl) has a pivotal role in diagnosing crop growth and nutrition status. The purpose of this study was to develop Chl based models for estimating N status and predicting grain yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.) with Leaf area index (LAI) and Chlorophyll concentration of the upper leaves. Six field experiments were conducted in Jiangsu Province of East China during 2007, 2008, 2009, 2013, and 2014. Different N rates were applied to generate contrasting conditions of N availability in six Japonica cultivars (9915, 27123, Wuxiangjing 14, Wuyunjing 19, Yongyou 8, and Wuyunjing 24) and two Indica cultivars (Liangyoupei 9, YLiangyou 1)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163426/sugar-metabolism-of-the-first-thermophilic-planctomycete-thermogutta-terrifontis-comparative-genomic-and-transcriptomic-approaches
#18
Alexander G Elcheninov, Peter Menzel, Soley R Gudbergsdottir, Alexei I Slesarev, Vitaly V Kadnikov, Anders Krogh, Elizaveta A Bonch-Osmolovskaya, Xu Peng, Ilya V Kublanov
Xanthan gum, a complex polysaccharide comprising glucose, mannose and glucuronic acid residues, is involved in numerous biotechnological applications in cosmetics, agriculture, pharmaceuticals, food and petroleum industries. Additionally, its oligosaccharides were shown to possess antimicrobial, antioxidant, and few other properties. Yet, despite its extensive usage, little is known about xanthan gum degradation pathways and mechanisms. Thermogutta terrifontis, isolated from a sample of microbial mat developed in a terrestrial hot spring of Kunashir island (Far-East of Russia), was described as the first thermophilic representative of the Planctomycetes phylum...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163420/microbial-diversity-and-community-structure-of-sulfate-reducing-and-sulfur-oxidizing-bacteria-in-sediment-cores-from-the-east-china-sea
#19
Yu Zhang, Xungong Wang, Yu Zhen, Tiezhu Mi, Hui He, Zhigang Yu
Sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) and sulfur-oxidizing bacteria (SOB) have been studied extensively in marine sediments because of their vital roles in both sulfur and carbon cycles, but the available information regarding the highly diverse SRB and SOB communities is not comprehensive. High-throughput sequencing of functional gene amplicons provides tremendous insight into the structure and functional potential of complex microbial communities. Here, we explored the community structure, diversity, and abundance of SRB and SOB simultaneously through 16S rRNA, dsrB and soxB gene high-throughput sequencing and quantitative PCR analyses of core samples from the East China Sea...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163280/production-is-only-half-the-story-first-words-in-two-east-african-languages
#20
Katherine J Alcock
Theories of early learning of nouns in children's vocabularies divide into those that emphasize input (language and non-linguistic aspects) and those that emphasize child conceptualisation. Most data though come from production alone, assuming that learning a word equals speaking it. Methodological issues can mean production and comprehension data within or across input languages are not comparable. Early vocabulary production and comprehension were examined in children hearing two Eastern Bantu languages whose grammatical features may encourage early verb knowledge...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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