keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

EAST

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535339/ecophysiological-examination-of-the-lake-erie-microcystis-bloom-in-2014-linkages-between-biology-and-the-water-supply-shutdown-of-toledo-ohio
#1
Morgan Michelle Steffen, Timothy W Davis, Robert Michael McKay, George S Bullerjahn, Lauren E Krausfeldt, Joshua M A Stough, Michelle L Neitzey, Naomi E Gilbert, Gregory L Boyer, Thomas H Johengen, Duane C Gossiaux, Ashley M Burtner, Danna Palladino, Mark Rowe, Gregory J Dick, Kevin Meyer, Shawn Levy, Braden Boone, Richard Stumpf, Timothy Wynne, Paul V Zimba, Danielle B Gutierrez, Steven W Wilhelm
Annual cyanobacterial blooms dominated by Microcystis have occurred in western Lake Erie (USA/Canada) during summer months since 1995. The production of toxins by bloom-forming cyanobacteria can lead to drinking water crises, such as the one experienced by the city of Toledo in August of 2014, when the city was rendered without drinking water for > 2 days. It is important to understand the conditions and environmental cues that were driving this specific bloom to provide a scientific framework for management of future bloom events...
May 23, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534982/pre%C3%A2-treatment-with-chrysanthemum%C3%A2-indicum-linn%C3%A3-extract-protects-pyramidal-neurons-from-transient-cerebral-ischemia-via-increasing-antioxidants-in-the-gerbil-hippocampal-ca1-region
#2
In Hye Kim, Tae-Kyeong Lee, Jeong Hwi Cho, Jae-Chul Lee, Joon Ha Park, Ji Hyeon Ahn, Bich-Na Shin, Bai Hui Chen, Hyun-Jin Tae, Yang Hee Kim, Jong-Dai Kim, Young-Myeong Kim, Moo-Ho Won, Il Jun Kang
Chrysanthemum indicum Linné extract (CIL) is used in herbal medicine in East Asia. In the present study, gerbils were orally pre‑treated with CIL, and changes of antioxidant enzymes including superoxide dismutase (SOD) 1 and SOD2, catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) in the hippocampal CA1 region following 5 min of transient cerebral ischemia were investigated and the neuroprotective effect of CIL in the ischemic CA1 region was examined. SOD1, SOD2, CAT and GPX immunoreactivities were observed in the pyramidal cells of the CA1 region and their immunoreactivities were gradually decreased following ischemia‑reperfusion and barely detectable at 5 days post‑ischemia...
May 17, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533955/among-site-variability-in-the-stochastic-dynamics-of-east-african-coral-reefs
#3
Katherine A Allen, John F Bruno, Fiona Chong, Damian Clancy, Tim R McClanahan, Matthew Spencer, Kamila Żychaluk
Coral reefs are dynamic systems whose composition is highly influenced by unpredictable biotic and abiotic factors. Understanding the spatial scale at which long-term predictions of reef composition can be made will be crucial for guiding conservation efforts. Using a 22-year time series of benthic composition data from 20 reefs on the Kenyan and Tanzanian coast, we developed Bayesian vector autoregressive state-space models for reef dynamics, incorporating among-site variability, and quantified their long-term behaviour...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533683/new-standardized-nursing-cooperation-workflow-to-reduce-stroke-thrombolysis-delays-in-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke
#4
Yan Zhou, Zhuojun Xu, Jiali Liao, Fangming Feng, Lai Men, Li Xu, Yanan He, Gang Li
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the effectiveness of a new standardized nursing cooperation workflow in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) to reduce stroke thrombolysis delays. PATIENTS AND METHODS: AIS patients receiving conventional thrombolysis treatment from March to September 2015 were included in the control group, referred to as T0. The intervention group, referred to as T1 group, consisted of AIS patients receiving a new standardized nursing cooperation workflow for intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) at the emergency department of Shanghai East Hospital (Shanghai, People's Republic of China) from October 2015 to March 2016...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532988/molecular-and-serological-detection-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-in-dogs-canis-lupus-familiaris-suggests-potential-transmission-risk-in-areas-of-recent-acute-chagas-disease-outbreaks-in-colombia
#5
Jeiczon Jaimes-Dueñez, Omar Triana-Chávez, Omar Cantillo-Barraza, Carolina Hernández, Juan David Ramírez, Agustín Góngora-Orjuela
Chagas disease is a zoonotic infection widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of America, including more than 50% of the Colombian territory. In the last years, an increase of outbreaks of acute Chagas disease has been observed in the east of the country due to environmental changes and mammal movements toward human settlements. Given the importance of dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) as reservoir hosts and sentinels of Trypanosoma cruzi infection across different regions of America, in this study we reported a serological and molecular detection of T...
June 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532503/an-updated-predict-breast-cancer-prognostication-and-treatment-benefit-prediction-model-with-independent-validation
#6
Francisco J Candido Dos Reis, Gordon C Wishart, Ed M Dicks, David Greenberg, Jem Rashbass, Marjanka K Schmidt, Alexandra J van den Broek, Ian O Ellis, Andrew Green, Emad Rakha, Tom Maishman, Diana M Eccles, Paul D P Pharoah
BACKGROUND: PREDICT is a breast cancer prognostic and treatment benefit model implemented online. The overall fit of the model has been good in multiple independent case series, but PREDICT has been shown to underestimate breast cancer specific mortality in women diagnosed under the age of 40. Another limitation is the use of discrete categories for tumour size and node status resulting in 'step' changes in risk estimates on moving between categories. We have refitted the PREDICT prognostic model using the original cohort of cases from East Anglia with updated survival time in order to take into account age at diagnosis and to smooth out the survival function for tumour size and node status...
May 22, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532466/baseline-and-stress-induced-levels-of-corticosterone-in-male-and-female-afrotropical-and-european-temperate-stonechats-during-breeding
#7
Beate Apfelbeck, Barbara Helm, Juan Carlos Illera, Kim G Mortega, Patrick Smiddy, Neil P Evans
BACKGROUND: Latitudinal variation in avian life histories falls along a slow-fast pace of life continuum: tropical species produce small clutches, but have a high survival probability, while in temperate species the opposite pattern is found. This study investigated whether differential investment into reproduction and survival of tropical and temperate species is paralleled by differences in the secretion of the vertebrate hormone corticosterone (CORT). Depending on circulating concentrations, CORT can both act as a metabolic (low to medium levels) and a stress hormone (high levels) and, thereby, influence reproductive decisions...
May 22, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531967/climate-response-of-oak-quercus-spp-an-evidence-of-a-bioclimatic-boundary-induced-by-the-carpathians
#8
Constantin Nechita, Ionel Popa, Ólafur Eggertsson
Tree-ring information and climate response data were applied to investigate the potential of the Carpathian Mountains to influence tree-growth patterns. Recent studies reveal the importance of constructing a dense spatial network of oak tree-ring chronologies in this area, which may be the key to linking the North Central European and East Mediterranean tree records. We establish sixteen oak (Quercus robur L.) and sessile oak (Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl.) site chronologies along a longitudinal gradient (from 22...
May 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531823/correlates-of-khat-use-during-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Motohiro Nakajima, Mulusew G Jebena, Mohammed Taha, Markos Tesfaye, Esayas Gudina, Andrine Lemieux, Richard Hoffman, Mustafa al'Absi
OBJECTIVES: Khat is widely used in East African countries including Ethiopia. A growing body of evidence indicates that long-term khat use is associated with various health consequences. The aim of this study was to examine the magnitude and correlates of khat use in pregnant women. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional, face-to-face interview design that included 642 pregnant women receiving antenatal care services at primary care centers in Ethiopia. A series of chi-square tests and regression models were conducted to examine whether khat use status (i...
May 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531454/preliminary-validation-of-the-malay-yale-food-addiction-scale-factor-structure-and-item-analysis-in-an-obese-population
#10
Yogarabindranath Swarna Nantha, Norafidza Ashiquin Abd Patah, Mahalakshmi Ponnusamy Pillai
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Researchers suggest that the rise in obesity rates may be explained by the addictive properties of certain types of food. In view of the growing obesity epidemic in South-East Asia, there is a need for a psychometric tool to assess the concept of food addiction amongst high-risk populations. The objective of this study is to translate the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) into the Malay language and subsequently validate its use in an obese population. METHODS: Between the year 2014 and 2015, a total of 250 obese adults were assessed for food addiction utilizing the Malay version of the YFAS at a primary care clinic...
December 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531448/electronic-cigarette-use-in-young-people-in-great-britain-2015-2016
#11
B Eastwood, K East, L S Brose, M J Dockrell, D Arnott, H Cheeseman, A McNeill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531177/geographical-trends-of-pfas-in-cod-livers-along-the-norwegian-coast
#12
Stig Valdersnes, Bente M Nilsen, Joar F Breivik, Asbjørn Borge, Amund Maage
The level of perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS) was determined in North East Arctic cod (Gadus morhua) liver samples from 15 Norwegian fjords and harbors. Five harbors in the eastern part of Norway, six harbors in the western part and four harbours in the northern part. A total of 200 samples were analyzed for 16 PFAS. Determination of PFAS were carried out by LC-MS/MS following sample clean up by solid phase extraction and ultracentrifugation. The predominating PFAS was PFOS, which was found to be higher than the level of quantification (1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530056/-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-israel-2016-an-update
#13
REVIEW
Michal Solomon, Eli Schwartz
Leishmaniasis is endemic in Israel and is increasing in its frequency. The pathogens that cause cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Israel are Leishmania major (L. major) and Leishmania tropica (L. tropica). In recent years, there have been significant changes in the distribution of these species. L. major is endemic mainly in the Negev, Arava and the Beit She'an Valley. L. tropica is endemic in Tiberias, northern Sea of Galilee, Samaria and in the vicinity of Jerusalem such as at Kfar Adumim, Ma'ale Adumim and Anathoth (north-east of Jerusalem)...
October 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530039/transition-from-paediatric-to-adult-care-of-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-sub-saharan-africa-challenges-youth-friendly-models-and-outcomes
#14
Désiré Lucien Dahourou, Chloé Gautier-Lafaye, Chloe A Teasdale, Lorna Renner, Marcel Yotebieng, Sophie Desmonde, Samuel Ayaya, Mary-Ann Davies, Valériane Leroy
INTRODUCTION: The number of adolescents with perinatally or behaviourally acquired HIV is increasing in low-income countries, and especially in sub-Saharan Africa where HIV prevalence and incidence are the highest. As they survive into adulthood in the era of antiretroviral therapy, there is a pressing need to transfer them from paediatric to adult care, known as the transition of care. We conducted a narrative review of recent evidence on their transition outcomes in Africa, highlighting the specific needs and challenges in these populations and settings, and the different models of care for transition...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530038/hiv-treatment-and-care-services-for-adolescents-a-situational-analysis-of-218-facilities-in-23-sub-saharan-african-countries
#15
Daniella Mark, Alice Armstrong, Catarina Andrade, Martina Penazzato, Luann Hatane, Lina Taing, Toby Runciman, Jane Ferguson
INTRODUCTION: In 2013, an estimated 2.1 million adolescents (age 10-19 years) were living with HIV globally. The extent to which health facilities provide appropriate treatment and care was unknown. To support understanding of service availability in 2014, Paediatric-Adolescent Treatment Africa (PATA), a non-governmental organisation (NGO) supporting a network of health facilities across sub-Saharan Africa, undertook a facility-level situational analysis of adolescent HIV treatment and care services in 23 countries...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529803/biochemical-content-of-cambium-of-abies-nephrolepis-eaten-by-bears-on-the-far-east-of-russia
#16
I V Seryodkin, A M Zakharenko, P S Dmitrenok, K S Golokhvast
The peculiarity of bears behavior of stripping of bark is typical for all species. We have described the damage to trees, by Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus) and brown bear (U. arctos) in Primorsky Krai and by brown bears on the Sakhalin Island during 1998-2015. In this study, we studied the damaged bark of the tree only in cases where it was clear that part of the cambium was eaten by bears. Cambium of species Abies nephrolepis is the most preferred for bear consumption in Primorsky Krai. We distinguished very large seasonal fluctuations in the amount of its consumption...
2017: Biochemistry Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529368/what-they-think-of-us-a-study-of-teaching-medical-specialists-attitude-towards-psychiatry-in-india
#17
Suravi Patra, Binod Kumar Patro
CONTEXT: Attitudes of teaching medical specialists are important in shaping medical students' attitudes toward psychiatry. Data on attitudes of teaching medical specialists of India toward psychiatry are limited. AIMS: The aim was to study the attitude of teaching medical specialists of an academic medical center in East India toward psychiatry. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We administered attitude toward psychiatry-30 (ATP 30) scale to teaching medical specialists of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, based on convenience sampling...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529298/an-aspect-of-the-history-of-medicine-in-ancient-korea-as-examined-through-silla-buddhist-monks-annotations-on-the-chapter-on-eliminating-disease-in-the-sutra-of-golden-light-suvarnabh%C3%A4-sa-s%C3%A5-tra
#18
Chaekun Oh, Jongwook Jeon, Dongwon Shin
Nearly nothing is known of medicine in ancient Korea due to insufficient materials. With several extant prescriptions and esoteric methods of treating diseases alone, it is impossible to gauge in depth the management of medicine during this period. If one exception were to be cited, that would be the fact that the annotations for understanding the contents on Indian medicine in the "Chapter on Eliminating Disease" in the Sutra of Golden Light, a Buddhist sutra originating from India, reflected the medical knowledge of Buddhist monks from Silla (57 BC-935 AD) who were active immediately after the nation's unification of the two other kingdoms on the Korean Peninsula (668 AD) such as Wonhyo (617-686 AD), Gyeongheung (620?-700? AD), and Seungjang (684-? AD)...
December 2016: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528753/healthcare-access-and-quality-index-based-on-mortality-from-causes-amenable-to-personal-health-care-in-195-countries-and-territories-1990-2015-a-novel-analysis-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#19
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: National levels of personal health-care access and quality can be approximated by measuring mortality rates from causes that should not be fatal in the presence of effective medical care (ie, amenable mortality). Previous analyses of mortality amenable to health care only focused on high-income countries and faced several methodological challenges. In the present analysis, we use the highly standardised cause of death and risk factor estimates generated through the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) to improve and expand the quantification of personal health-care access and quality for 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015...
May 18, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528685/igf-i-deficiency-longevity-and-cancer-protection-of-patients-with-laron-syndrome
#20
REVIEW
Zvi Laron, Rivka Kauli, Lena Lapkina, Haim Werner
Laron syndrome (LS) is a unique model of congenital IGF-I deficiency. It is characterized by dwarfism and obesity, and is caused by deletion or mutations of the growth hormone receptor (GH-R) gene. It is hypothesized that LS is an old disease originating in Indonesia and that the mutated gene spread to South Asia, the Middle East, the Mediterranean region and South America.
April 2017: Mutation Research
keyword
keyword
99901
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"