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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108924/the-nexus-of-oil-consumption-co2-emissions-and-economic-growth-in-china-japan-and-south-korea
#1
Behnaz Saboori, Ehsan Rasoulinezhad, Jinsok Sung
This article attempts to explore the nexus between oil consumption, economic growth and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in three East Asian oil importing countries (i.e. China, South Korea and Japan) over the period 1980-2013, by using the Granger causality, Johansen cointegration test, Generalised Impulse Response functions (GIRF) and variance decompositions. The empirical findings provide evidence for the existence of a long-run relationship between oil consumption and economic growth in China and Japan. The results also point to a uni-directional causality from running from oil consumption to economic growth in China and Japan, and from oil consumption to CO2 emissions in South Korea...
January 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108874/surviving-in-isolation-genetic-variation-bottlenecks-and-reproductive-strategies-in-the-canarian-endemic-limonium-macrophyllum-plumbaginaceae
#2
Ares Jiménez, Barbara Weigelt, Arnoldo Santos-Guerra, Juli Caujapé-Castells, José María Fernández-Palacios, Elena Conti
Oceanic archipelagos are typically rich in endemic taxa, because they offer ideal conditions for diversification and speciation in isolation. One of the most remarkable evolutionary radiations on the Canary Islands comprises the 16 species included in Limonium subsection Nobiles, all of which are subject to diverse threats, and legally protected. Since many of them are single-island endemics limited to one or a few populations, there exists a risk that a loss of genetic variation might limit their long-term survival...
January 20, 2017: Genetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108022/evaluation-of-a-method-for-removing-cesium-and-reducing-the-volume-of-leaf-litter-from-broad-leaved-trees-contaminated-by-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-accident-during-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#3
Shigeki Harada, Mitsunori Yanagisawa
The town of Marumori in southern Miyagi Prefecture borders on Fukushima Prefecture, and following the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, there were concerns about cesium deposition in forested areas. One of the authors of this paper has continually surveyed leaf litter from the forested areas. As leaf litter may be a source of cesium contamination from the forest to downstream areas, we considered a simplified version of wet oxidation, a method previously presented by one of the authors of this study, as a technology to reduce leaf litter weight and cesium concentration, separating radioactive nuclides from non-radioactive ones, in leaf litter...
January 12, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107879/disease-transmission-in-animal-transfer-networks
#4
Dejene W Sintayehu, H H T Prins, I M A Heitkönig, W F de Boer
Infectious diseases transmission is strongly determined by who contacts whom. Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) caused by Mycobacterium bovis is a worldwide burden for animal populations. One of the major transmission mechanism between herd is the transfer of infectious animal. In East Africa, pastoralists may receive or bestow livestock to create and strengthen social relationships. Here, we used a network approach to examine the relative importance of such cattle transfer in the transmission of bTB. First, a total of 2550 cattle from 102 herds were tested using the comparative intradermal tuberculin test to assess the presence of bTB infected cattle in the herd...
February 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107552/reflections-on-the-history-of-indoor-air-science-focusing-on-the-last-50-years
#5
Jan Sundell
The scientific articles and Indoor Air conference publications of the indoor air sciences (IAS) during the last 50 years are summarized. In total 7524 presentations, from 79 countries, have been made at Indoor Air conferences held between 1978 (49 presentations) and 2014 (1049 presentations). In the Web of Science 26,992 articles on indoor air research (with the word "indoor" as a search term) have been found (as of 1 Jan 2016) of which 70% were published during the last 10 years. The modern scientific history started in the 1970s with a question: "did indoor air pose a threat to health as did outdoor air?" Soon it was recognized that indoor air is more important, from a health point of view, than outdoor air...
January 20, 2017: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107389/effect-of-axial-eye-length-on-retinal-vessel-parameters-in-6-to-12-year-old-malay-girls
#6
Evelyn Li Min Tai, Ling-Jun Li, Wan Hitam Wan-Hazabbah, Tien-Yin Wong, Ismail Shatriah
PURPOSE: Retinal vessel analysis is affected by both systemic and ocular factors. Malays are the major ethnicity in South East Asia. Data on the retinal microvasculature in Malays is limited, especially among children. We aim to evaluate the influence of ocular biometry on retinal vessel parameters in young Malay girls. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, hospital-based study involving 86 Malay girls aged 6 to 12 years old in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia from 2015-2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107236/surgical-technique-for-decompression-of-severe-thoracic-myelopathy-due-to-tuberous-ossification-of-ligamentum-flavum
#7
Ting Wang, Chuqiang Yin, Dechun Wang, Shuzhong Li, Xiaoliang Chen
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: To describe a safe surgical procedure, en bloc resection of the posterior wall of the thoracic canal, for the decompression of severe thoracic myelopathy caused by tuberous ossification of the ligamentum flavum (OLF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: OLF has been widely recognized as a cause of thoracic myelopathy in East Asia. Surgical decompression of thoracic myelopathy caused by OLF is technically demanding...
February 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107104/introduction-u-s-homophile-internationalism
#8
Marc Stein
This article introduces "U.S. Homophile Internationalism," a special issue of the Journal of Homosexuality. The introduction provides a broad overview of the "U.S. Homophile Internationalism" archive and exhibit, which was published on the Outhistory website in 2015. The archive and exhibit consists of more than 800 U.S. homophile magazine articles, letters, and other items that referenced non-U.S. regions of the world from 1953 to 1964. The essays in the special issue focus on (1) Africa; (2) Asia and the Pacific; (3) Canada; (4) Latin America and the Caribbean; (5) the Middle East; and (6) Russia, the Soviet Union, and Eastern Europe...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105930/genetic-diversity-among-eight-dendrolimus-species-in-eurasia-lepidoptera-lasiocampidae-inferred-from-mitochondrial-coi-and-coii-and-nuclear-its2-markers
#9
Alexander Kononov, Kirill Ustyantsev, Baode Wang, Victor C Mastro, Victor Fet, Alexander Blinov, Yuri Baranchikov
BACKGROUND: Moths of genus Dendrolimus (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae) are among the major pests of coniferous forests worldwide. Taxonomy and nomenclature of this genus are not entirely established, and there are many species with a controversial taxonomic position. We present a comparative evolutionary analysis of the most economically important Dendrolimus species in Eurasia. RESULTS: Our analysis was based on the nucleotide sequences of COI and COII mitochondrial genes and ITS2 spacer of nuclear ribosomal genes...
December 22, 2016: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105849/antiviral-therapy-and-prevention-against-hantavirus-infections
#10
R Szabó
Hantaviruses are emerging zoonoses hosted by small mammals. In humans, they cause two diseases. Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome is mainly caused by Dobrava-Belgrade virus, Puumala virus, Seoul virus and Hantaan virus in Asia and Europe. On the other hand, the most important causes of hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome are Sin Nombre virus and Andes virus in Americas. Ribavirin yet remains the only licensed drug against the hantavirus infections, but its sufficient antiviral activity remains an issue under discussion...
January 19, 2017: Acta Virologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105721/bioarchaeology-in-the-ancient-near-east-challenges-and-future-directions-for-the-southern-levant
#11
Susan Guise Sheridan
The synthesis of biological anthropology, archaeology, and social theory provides a bioarchaeological model to reconstruct nuanced aspects of demography, diet, disease, death, daily activities, and biodistance, even in the absence of discrete burials. Numerous skeletal assemblages in the southern Levant are composed of mixed and fragmented bones resulting from generational use of cemeteries, mass burial, and additional communal burial practices. Others become commingled due to taphonomic processes such as flooding, geological events, or human mediated mechanisms like looting, improper excavation, and poor curation...
January 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105631/association-of-genetic-variation-with-blood-pressure-traits-among-east-africans
#12
James Kayima, Jingjing Liang, Yanina Natanzon, Joaniter Nankabirwa, Isaac Ssinabulya, Jane Nakibuuka, Achilles Katamba, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Alexander Miron, Chun Li, Xiaofeng Zhu
Genetic variation may explain some of the disparity in prevalence and control of hypertension across sub-Saharan Africa. Twenty-seven blood pressure (BP) related single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped among 2881samples from participants in the MEPI-CVD survey. Associations with known BP variants were evaluated for SBP, DBP and PP as continuous variables and for HTN as a binary variable. Eleven SNPS were associated with at least one BP trait (P < 0.05). Four SNPs; rs2004776, rs7726475, rs11837544 and rs2681492 whose nearest genes are AGT, NPR3/SUB1, PLXNC1 and ATP2B1 respectively were associated with SBP...
January 20, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105509/variation-in-metabolite-profiles-of-amphibian-skin-bacterial-communities-across-elevations-in-the-neotropics
#13
Daniel Medina, Myra C Hughey, Matthew H Becker, Jenifer B Walke, Thomas P Umile, Elizabeth A Burzynski, Anthony Iannetta, Kevin P C Minbiole, Lisa K Belden
Both the structure and function of host-associated microbial communities are potentially impacted by environmental conditions, just as the outcomes of many free-living species interactions are context-dependent. Many amphibian populations have declined around the globe due to the fungal skin pathogen, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), but enivronmental conditions may influence disease dynamics. For instance, in Panamá, the most severe Bd outbreaks have occurred at high elevation sites. Some amphibian species harbor bacterial skin communities that can inhibit the growth of Bd, and therefore, there is interest in understanding whether environmental context could also alter these host-associated microbial communities in a way that might ultimately impact Bd dynamics...
January 19, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104991/prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-among-hemodialysis-patients-in-the-middle-east-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Soheil Ashkani-Esfahani, Seyed Moayed Alavian, Mohammad Salehi-Marzijarani
AIM: To determine hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection prevalence in each country of the Middle-East and the overall prevalence of the region. METHODS: In this systematic review, we gathered all documents related to HCV infection prevalence among hemodialysis patients in 17 middle-east countries from April 2006 to March 2016. We selected only cross-sectional studies that had proper sampling and measurement methods as well as a valid statistical analysis. RESULTS: After screening of 7311 documents, 56 studies were selected reporting the prevalence of HCV infection among hemodialysis patients from 10 countries of the region...
January 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104980/novel-caga-elisa-exhibits-enhanced-sensitivity-of-helicobacter-pylori-caga-antibody
#15
Yuichi Matsuo, Yasutoshi Kido, Junko Akada, Seiji Shiota, Tran Thanh Binh, Tran Thi Huyen Trang, Ho D Q Dung, Pham Huu Tung, Tran Dinh Tri, Ngo P Minh Thuan, Le Quang Tam, Bui Chi Nam, Vu Van Khien, Yoshio Yamaoka
AIM: To develop a novel Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) CagA antibody enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) suitable for detecting serum anti-CagA antibodies with high sensitivity. METHODS: Recombinant East Asian-type CagA protein was purified and immobilized for ELISA. Serum samples from 217 Vietnamese individuals (110 H. pylori-infected and 107 uninfected individuals) were applied. Conventional ELISA from Western-type CagA and our East Asian-type CagA ELISA were evaluated by comparing 38 subjects with the Western-type genotype and 72 subjects with the East Asian-type cagA genotype...
January 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104789/a-novel-humanized-mouse-model-of-huntington-disease-for-preclinical-development-of-therapeutics-targeting-mutant-huntingtin-alleles
#16
Amber L Southwell, Niels H Skotte, Erika B Villanueva, Michael E Østergaard, Xiaofeng Gu, Holly B Kordasiewicz, Chris Kay, Daphne Cheung, Yuanyun Xie, Sabine Waltl, Louisa Dal Cengio, Hailey Findlay-Black, Crystal N Doty, Eugenia Petoukhov, Diepiriye Iworima, Ramy Slama, Jolene Ooi, Mahmoud A Pouladi, William X Yang, Eric E Swayze, Punit P Seth, Michael R Hayden
Huntington disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disease caused by a mutation in the huntingtin (HTT) gene. HTT is a large protein, interacts with many partners and is involved in many cellular pathways, which are perturbed in HD. Therapies targeting HTT directly are likely to provide the most global benefit. Thus there is a need for preclinical models of HD recapitulating human HTT genetics. We previously generated a humanized mouse model of HD, Hu97/18, by intercrossing BACHD and YAC18 mice with knockout of the endogenous mouse HD homolog (Hdh)...
January 18, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104710/protocol-of-a-feasibility-study-for-cognitive-assessment-of-an-ageing-cohort-within-the-southeast-asia-community-observatory-seaco-malaysia
#17
Devi Mohan, Blossom C M Stephan, Pascale Allotey, Carol Jagger, Mark Pearce, Mario Siervo, Daniel D Reidpath
INTRODUCTION: There is a growing proportion of population aged 65 years and older in low-income and middle-income countries. In Malaysia, this proportion is predicted to increase from 5.1% in 2010 to more than 15.4% by 2050. Cognitive ageing and dementia are global health priorities. However, risk factors and disease associations in a multiethnic, middle-income country like Malaysia may not be consistent with those reported in other world regions. Knowing the burden of cognitive impairment and its risk factors in Malaysia is necessary for the development of management strategies and would provide valuable information for other transitional economies...
January 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104541/does-the-biopsychosocial-spiritual-model-of-addiction-apply-in-an-islamic-context-a-qualitative-study-of-jordanian-addicts-in-treatment
#18
Hamad Al Ghaferi, Christine Bond, Catriona Matheson
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of research in the published literature on substance use and addiction in the Middle East and Islamic countries. This study was the first to explore whether the biopsychosocial-spiritual model of addiction was relevant to an addicted treatment population in Jordan, an Islamic country. METHODS: A qualitative study design using semi-structured, face-to-face interviews were conducted with a sample of 25 males in addiction treatment. The sample was drawn from a cohort of in-patients at a treatment centre in Amman, Jordan who had already participated in a quantitative survey...
November 23, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104327/clinical-validation-of-3-commercial-real-time-reverse-transcriptase-polymerase-chain-reaction-assays-for-the-detection-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-from-upper-respiratory-tract-specimens
#19
Deqa H Mohamed, AbdulKarim F AlHetheel, Hanat S Mohamud, Kamel Aldosari, Fahad A Alzamil, Ali M Somily
Since discovery of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), a novel betacoronavirus first isolated and characterized in 2012, MERS-CoV real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) assays represent one of the most rapidly expanding commercial tests. However, in the absence of extensive evaluations of these assays on positive clinical material of different sources, evaluating their diagnostic effectiveness remains challenging. We describe the diagnostic performance evaluation of 3 common commercial MERS-CoV rRT-PCR assays on a large panel (n = 234) of upper respiratory tract specimens collected during an outbreak episode in Saudi Arabia...
January 10, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104114/re-evaluating-cut-off-points-for-the-expansion-of-deceased-donor-criteria-for-kidney-transplantation-in-japan
#20
Y Nakagawa, M Ikeda, T Ando, M Tasaki, K Saito, K Takahashi, A Aikawa, M Kikuchi, K Akazawa, Y Tomita
BACKGROUND: A shortage of donors poses a serious problem for organ transplantation around the world. In response, the concept of the expanded criteria donor (ECD) has been defined to include donors with traditionally less favorable characteristics. That definition has now been accepted and is being applied in kidney transplantation in the United States and Europe. However, the ECD has not yet been defined for deceased donor kidney transplantation in Japan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed data on graft survival and relevant risk factors in patients who received deceased donor kidney transplants through the East Japan Branch of the Japan Organ Transplant network (n = 1051)...
January 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
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