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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776002/the-chaos-of-hospitalisation-for-patients-with-critical-limb-ischaemia-approaching-major-amputation
#1
Susan Monaro, Sandra West, Jana Pinkova, Janice Gullick
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To illuminate the hospital experience for patients and families when major amputation has been advised for critical limb ischaemia (CLI). BACKGROUND: CLI creates significant burden to the health system and the family, particularly as the person with CLI approaches amputation. Major amputation is often offered as a late intervention for CLI in response to the marked deterioration of an ischaemic limb, and functional decline from reduced mobility, intractable pain, infection and/or toxaemia...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772940/assistive-technology-and-people-a-position-paper-from-the-first-global-research-innovation-and-education-on-assistive-technology-great-summit
#2
Deirdre Desmond, Natasha Layton, Jacob Bentley, Fleur Heleen Boot, Johan Borg, Bishnu Maya Dhungana, Pamela Gallagher, Lynn Gitlow, Rosemary Joan Gowran, Nora Groce, Katerina Mavrou, Trish Mackeogh, Rachael McDonald, Cecilia Pettersson, Marcia Scherer
Assistive technology (AT) is a powerful enabler of participation. The World Health Organization's Global Collaboration on Assistive Technology (GATE) programme is actively working towards access to assistive technology for all. Developed through collaborative work as a part of the Global Research, Innovation and Education on Assistive Technology (GREAT) Summit, this position paper provides a "state of the science" view of AT users, conceptualized as "People" within the set of GATE strategic "P"s...
May 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767345/metastatic-breast-cancer-collateral-damage-project-mbccd-scale-development-and-preliminary-results-of-the-survey-of-health-impact-needs-and-experiences-shine
#3
Timothy J Williamson, Susan M Love, Jessica N Clague DeHart, Alexandra Jorge-Miller, Leah Eshraghi, Heather Cooper Ortner, Annette L Stanton
PURPOSE: Until recently, people with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) had a very poor prognosis. New treatment approaches have prolonged the time that people with MBC live, but their quality of life has received less attention. Consequently, the needs and concerns across financial, vocational, psychological, social, and physical domains in MBC patients are poorly understood-particularly regarding the collateral damage or longer-term, life-altering impacts of MBC and its treatments. This study's aims were to characterize MBC-related collateral damage, identify groups most likely to experience collateral damage, and examine its associations with psychological health, illness management, and health behaviors...
May 16, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764176/scotland-s-public-health-palliative-care-alliance
#4
Mark A Hazelwood, Rebecca M Patterson
People's experiences of death, dying and bereavement are only partially determined by formal health and social care services. A broad-based alliance of organisations and individuals was established in Scotland in 2011 with the aim of influencing a wider range of social, cultural and other environmental factors which impact on people's experiences towards the end of life. Called Good Life, Good Death, Good Grief (GLGDGG) this alliance has grown and developed over the past 6 years, with a current diverse membership of over 1,100...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746460/a-holistic-approach-to-the-mycetoma-management
#5
Sahar Mubarak Bakhiet, Ahmed Hassan Fahal, Ahmed Mudawi Musa, El Samani Wadaa Mohamed, Rowa Fathelrahman Omer, Eiman Siddig Ahmed, Mustafa El Nour, El Rayah Mohamed Mustafa, Manar El Sheikh A Rahman, Suliman Hussein Suliman, Mohamed A Gadir El Mamoun, Hajo Mohamed El Amin
Mycetoma, one of the badly neglected tropical diseases, it is a localised chronic granulomatous inflammatory disease characterised by painless subcutaneous mass and formation of multiple sinuses that produce purulent discharge and grains. If untreated early and appropriately, it usually spread to affect the deep structures and bone resulting in massive damage, deformities and disabilities. It can also spread via the lymphatics and blood leading to distant secondary satellites associated with high morbidity and mortality...
May 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746221/interprofessional-population-health-advocacy-developing-and-implementing-a-panel-management-curriculum-in-five-veterans-administration-primary-care-practices
#6
Maya Dulay, Judith L Bowen, William G Weppner, Abigail Eastburn, Anne P Poppe, Pete Spanos, Danielle Wojtaszek, Destiny Printz, Catherine P Kaminetzky
Health care systems expect primary care clinicians to manage panels of patients and improve population health, yet few have been trained to do so. An interprofessional panel management (PM) curriculum is one possible strategy to address this training gap and supply future primary care practices with clinicians and teams prepared to work together to improve the health of individual patients and populations. This paper describes a Veterans Administration (VA) sponsored multi-site interprofessional PM curriculum development effort...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732721/-frailty-a-snapshot-twitter-report-on-frailty-knowledge-translation
#7
Sunita R Jha, Julee McDonagh, Ros Prichard, Phillip J Newton, Louise D Hickman, Erik Fung, Peter S Macdonald, Caleb Ferguson
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this short report are to: (i) explore #Frailty Twitter activity over a six-month period; and (ii) provide a snapshot Twitter content analysis of #Frailty usage. METHODS: A mixed-method study was conducted to explore Twitter data related to frailty. The primary search term was #Frailty. Objective 1: data were collected using Symplur analytics, including variables for total number of tweets, unique tweeters (users) and total number of impressions...
May 7, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730084/effectiveness-of-nurse-led-patient-centered-care-behavioral-risk-modification-on-secondary-prevention-of-coronary-heart-disease-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Chung-Yan Chiang, Kai-Chow Choi, Ka-Ming Ho, Sau-Fung Yu
BACKGROUND: Despite establishment of advocacies centered on using patient-centered care to improve disease-related behavioral changes and health outcomes, studies have seldom discussed incorporation of patient-centered care concept in the design of secondary cardiac prevention. OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to identify, appraise, and examine existing evidence on the effectiveness of nurse-led patient-centered care for secondary cardiac prevention in patients with coronary heart disease...
April 22, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728139/bottlenecks-concerns-and-needs-in-malaria-operational-research-the-perspectives-of-key-stakeholders-in-nigeria
#9
Pamela Onyiah, Al-Mukhtar Y Adamu, Rotimi F Afolabi, Olufemi Ajumobi, Maduka D Ughasoro, Oluwaseun Odeyinka, Patrick Nguku, IkeOluwapo O Ajayi
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a study to determine stakeholders' perspective of the bottlenecks, concerns and needs to malaria operational research (MOR) agenda setting in Nigeria. RESULTS: Eighty-five (37.9%) stakeholders identified lack of positive behavioural change as the major bottleneck to MOR across the malaria thematic areas comprising of malaria prevention 58.8% (50), case management 34.8% (39), advocacy communication and social mobilisation 4.7% (4) while procurement and supply chain management (PSM) and programme management experts had the least response of 1...
May 4, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708088/nutrition-and-public-health-in-medical-education-in-the-uk-reflections-and-next-steps
#10
Jonathan Broad, Megan Wallace
OBJECTIVE: Doctors play an important role in the identification of nutritional disorders and as advocates for a healthy diet, and although the key tenets of good nutrition education for medical students have been discussed, reports on implementation are sparse. The present commentary responds to a gap in UK medical students' understanding of nutrition and public health and suggests ways to improve it. DESIGN: We review literature about nutrition education in medical schools and discuss a 6-week elective in public health nutrition for medical students...
April 30, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707251/towards-a-practical-model-for-community-engagement-advancing-the-art-and-science-in-academic-health-centers
#11
Syed M Ahmed, Sharon Neu Young, Mia C DeFino, Zeno Franco, David A Nelson
Introduction: Community engagement (CE) has become more prevalent among academic health centers (AHCs), with significant diversity in practices and language. The array of approaches to CE contributes to confusion among practitioners. Methods: We have reviewed multiple models of CE utilized by AHCs, Clinical and Translational Science Awards, and higher education institutions overall. Taking these models into consideration, we propose a comprehensive model of CE that encompasses a broader spectrum of activities and programs...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680093/emerging-good-practices-for-transforming-value-assessment-patients-voices-patients-values
#12
Eleanor M Perfetto, Jason Harris, C Daniel Mullins, Susan dosReis
BACKGROUND: Patient engagement is a transformative strategy for improving value assessment. US value framework developers have increased engagement activities, but more needs to be learned about how to best achieve meaningful patient engagement in value assessment. The objective was to glean good practices in patient engagement emerging from patient community experiences, to be used in value assessment. METHODS: The National Health Council Value Workgroup conducted a survey and held a focus group with its member advocacy organizations to gather experiences with value framework developers and views on emerging good practices...
April 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673875/intervention-strategies-to-improve-nutrition-and-health-behaviours-before-conception
#13
REVIEW
Mary Barker, Stephan U Dombrowski, Tim Colbourn, Caroline H D Fall, Natasha M Kriznik, Wendy T Lawrence, Shane A Norris, Gloria Ngaiza, Dilisha Patel, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Falko F Sniehotta, Régine Steegers-Theunissen, Christina Vogel, Kathryn Woods-Townsend, Judith Stephenson
The nutritional status of both women and men before conception has profound implications for the growth, development, and long-term health of their offspring. Evidence of the effectiveness of preconception interventions for improving outcomes for mothers and babies is scarce. However, given the large potential health return, and relatively low costs and risk of harm, research into potential interventions is warranted. We identified three promising strategies for intervention that are likely to be scalable and have positive effects on a range of health outcomes: supplementation and fortification; cash transfers and incentives; and behaviour change interventions...
April 16, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673362/problems-maintaining-collaborative-approaches-with-excluded-populations-in-a-randomised-control-trial-lessons-learned-implementing-housing-first-in-france
#14
Pauline Rhenter, Aurélie Tinland, Julien Grard, Christian Laval, Jean Mantovani, Delphine Moreau, Benjamin Vidaud, Tim Greacen, Pascal Auquier, Vincent Girard
BACKGROUND: In 2006, a local collective combating homelessness set up an 'experimental squat' in an abandoned building in Marseille, France's second largest city. They envisioned the squat as an alternative to conventional health and social services for individuals experiencing long-term homelessness and severe psychiatric disorders. Building on what they learned from the squat, some then joined a larger coalition that succeeded in convincing national government decision-makers to develop a scientific, intervention-based programme based on the Housing First model...
April 19, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671964/exploring-the-impact-of-the-new-participaction-overview-and-introduction-of-the-special-issue
#15
Guy Faulkner, Lira Yun, Mark S Tremblay, John C Spence
ParticipACTION is the Canadian physical activity communications and social marketing organization first launched in the fall of 1971 and then ceased operations in 2001. ParticipACTION was relaunched in 2007. Framed as a public health natural experiment, evidence was collected from a population-based survey of knowledge, awareness, understanding of physical activity, and physical activity levels among Canadians (individual level), and key informant surveys and interviews examining capacity, readiness and advocacy for physical activity promotion among physical activity organizations (organizational level)...
April 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668967/reducing-blindness-from-retinopathy-of-prematurity-rop-in-argentina-through-collaboration-advocacy-and-policy-implementation
#16
Luxme Hariharan, Clare E Gilbert, Graham E Quinn, Frances K Barg, Celia Lomuto, Ana Quiroga, Joan McLeod-Omawale, Andrea Zin, Zulma Ortiz, Ernesto Alda, Liliana Bouzas, Marina Brussa, Adriana Cattaino, Alejandro Dinerstein, Norma Erpen, Adriana Fandiño, Lidia Galina, Julio Manzitti, Silvia Marinaro, Teresa Sepúlveda, Patricia Visintín, Juan Carlos Silva, Cynthia Magluta, Alicia Benitez
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a largely avoidable cause of blindness in children worldwide, requiring high-quality neonatal care, early detection and treatment. In middle-income countries throughout Latin America, Eastern Europe and South Asia, there has been a rise in ROP blindness due to a combination of increased survival of preterm infants, resource-scarce medical environments and lack of policies, training and human resources. However, Argentina is an example of country where rates of ROP blindness have declined and ROP programmes have been successfully and effectively embedded within the health and legal system...
April 16, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656912/the-voices-for-healthy-kids-and-state-legislation-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-an-update
#17
Sara N Bleich, Jesse C Jones-Smith, Hannah J Walters, Lainie Rutkow
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to examine general time trends in childhood obesity legislative activity in all 50 states (overall and by health equity focus) and whether the Voices for Healthy Kids Campaign (Voices) was associated with increased legislative activity. METHODS: LexisNexis State Capital was used to identify bills related to childhood obesity from 2012 to 2016. Linear and linear probability models were used to assess general time trends and regression-based difference-in-difference models to assess whether time trends differed for states that received a Voices grant...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577771/a-participatory-process-to-engage-appalachian-youth-in-reducing-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption
#18
Hannah G Lane, Kathleen J Porter, Erin Hecht, Priscilla Harris, Jamie M Zoellner
Children and adolescents consume excessive amounts of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), which are associated with adverse health outcomes. We describe a yearlong participatory research study to reduce SSBs in Central Appalachia, where excessive consumption is particularly prevalent. This study was conducted in partnership with a community advisory board in Southwest Virginia. Nine "youth ambassadors," aged 10 to 13 years helped to systematically adapt SIPsmartER, an effective theory-based program for Appalachian adults, to be age and culturally appropriate and meet desired theoretical objectives...
March 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570429/changes-in-social-integration-predict-changes-in-physical-activity-a-25-year-prospective-study
#19
Joey Lightner, Brandon C Irwin, Matthew Chrisman
BACKGROUND: Social relationships are among the strongest predictors of health. The extent to which one is embedded in social networks, also referred to as social integration, has been associated with physical activity in short-term longitudinal and cross-sectional studies. How changes in social integration impact physical activity over longer periods of time is not well understood. METHODS: Longitudinal data from 5 waves of the Americans' Changing Lives study were used (wave 1: n = 3617; wave 5: n = 1427)...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562654/using-the-five-domains-model-to-assess-the-adverse-impacts-of-husbandry-veterinary-and-equitation-interventions-on-horse-welfare
#20
Paul McGreevy, Jeannine Berger, Nic de Brauwere, Orla Doherty, Anna Harrison, Julie Fiedler, Claudia Jones, Sue McDonnell, Andrew McLean, Lindsay Nakonechny, Christine Nicol, Liane Preshaw, Peter Thomson, Vicky Tzioumis, John Webster, Sarah Wolfensohn, James Yeates, Bidda Jones
The aim of this study was to conduct a series of paper-based exercises in order to assess the negative (adverse) welfare impacts, if any, of common interventions on domestic horses across a broad range of different contexts of equine care and training. An international panel (with professional expertise in psychology, equitation science, veterinary science, education, welfare, equestrian coaching, advocacy, and community engagement; n = 16) met over a four-day period to define and assess these interventions, using an adaptation of the domain-based assessment model...
March 18, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
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