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Health advocacy / activism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423839/a-semantic-framework-for-logical-cross-validation-evaluation-and-impact-analyses-of-population-health-interventions
#1
Arash Shaban-Nejad, Anya Okhmatovskaia, Eun Kyong Shin, Robert L Davis, Brandi E Franklin, David L Buckeridge
Most chronic diseases are a result of a complex web of causative and correlated factors. As a result, effective public health or clinical interventions that intend to generate a sustainable change in these diseases most often use a combination of strategies or programs. To optimize comparative effectiveness evaluations and select the most efficient intervention(s), stakeholders (i.e. public health institutions, policy-makers and advocacy groups, practitioners, insurers, clinicians, and researchers) need access to reliable assessment methods...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422815/no-time-for-silence-an-urgent-need-for-political-activism-among-the-medical-community
#2
Erik Levinsohn, Karrin Weisenthal, Priscilla Wang, Andi Shahu, Matthew Meizlish, Talia Robledo-Gil, Eamon Duffy, Samara Fox, Juliana Berk-Krauss
Despite being a major stakeholder in the U.S. health care system, the medical community has remained relatively mute in the debate over the future of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). If the ACA were repealed, tens of millions of Americans would be in danger of losing their insurance, resulting in a significant increase in mortality. Because misinformation about the ACA is rampant, it is imperative that health care providers explain to the public what exactly the ACA is and how repeal will affect patients...
April 18, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418280/twenty-first-century-pathologists-advocacy
#3
Timothy Craig Allen
Pathologists' advocacy plays a central role in the establishment of continuously improving patient care quality and patient safety, and in the maintenance and progress of pathology as a profession. Pathology advocacy's primary goal is the betterment of patient safety and quality medical care; however, payment is a necessary and appropriate component to both, and has a central role in advocacy. Now is the time to become involved in pathology advocacy; the Medicare Access and Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) Reauthorization Act of 2015 (MACRA) and the Protecting Access to Medicare Act of 2014 (PAMA) are two of the most consequential pieces of legislation impacting the pathology and laboratory industry in the last 20 years...
April 18, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407144/the-north-american-primary-care-research-group-s-patient-and-clinician-engagement-program-pace-demystifying-patient-engagement-through-a-dyad-model
#4
Jessica Sand, Maret Felzien, Ray Haeme, Hazel Tapp, Diane Derkowski, John M Westfall
Background.: Community engagement in research is essential for translating the best evidence into community and clinical practice to improve the health and well-being of the population. Objective.: North American Primary Care Research Group's Redundant Patient and Clinician Engagement Program (PaCE) program aims to develop a robust community of patients and primary care providers with knowledge and understanding of the unique features of patient-centred outcomes research related to primary care in order to advocate for and engage in research...
April 12, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403735/undergraduate-environmental-public-health-education
#5
Emily Q Ahonen, Steven E Lacey
Environmental, occupational, and public health in the United States are practiced across a fragmented system that makes work across those areas more difficult. A large proportion of currently active environmental and occupational health professionals, advocates, policy makers, and activists are nearing retirement age, while some of our major health challenges are heavily influenced by aspects of environment. Concurrently, programs that educate undergraduate college students in environmental health are faced with multiple, often competing demands which can impede progressive movement toward dynamic curricula for the needs of the twenty-first century...
May 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399923/making-good-on-a-call-to-expand-method-choice-for-young-people-turning-rhetoric-into-reality-for-addressing-sustainable-development-goal-three
#6
Fariyal Fatma Fikree, Catharine Lane, Callie Simon, Gwyn Hainsworth, Patricia MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Investments in the nearly two billion young people, aged 10-24 years, in the world today are necessary to meet global development commitments, specifically the Sustainable Development Goals and Ending Preventable Child and Maternal Deaths. More than 12 million married and unmarried adolescents (aged 15-19) will give birth in 2016. Complications of pregnancy and childbirth are the second leading cause of death among 15-19 year-old women and early childbearing can significantly curtail social and economic prospects for young women...
April 11, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390255/exploring-the-needs-and-challenges-of-women-reintegrating-after-obstetric-fistula-repair-in-northern-ghana
#7
Kimberly Jarvis, Solina Richter, Helen Vallianatos
OBJECTIVE: to explore the cultural, social and economic needs and challenges of women in northern Ghana as they resume their day-to-day lives post obstetric fistula repair. DESIGN: a critical ethnographic approach. SETTING: a state run fistula treatment center in Tamale, northern Ghana, and 24 rural communities in northern Ghana. PARTICIPANTS: ninety-nine (N=99) participants were recruited using purposive, convenience and snowball sampling...
March 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384081/countermarketing-alcohol-and-unhealthy-food-an-effective-strategy-for-preventing-noncommunicable-diseases-lessons-from-tobacco
#8
P Christopher Palmedo, Lori Dorfman, Sarah Garza, Eleni Murphy, Nicholas Freudenberg
Countermarketing campaigns use health communications to reduce the demand for unhealthy products by exposing motives and undermining marketing practices of producers. These campaigns can contribute to the prevention of noncommunicable diseases by denormalizing the marketing of tobacco, alcohol, and unhealthy food. By portraying these activities as outside the boundaries of civilized corporate behavior, countermarketing can reduce the demand for unhealthy products and lead to changes in industry marketing practices...
March 20, 2017: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381252/tracing-africa-s-progress-towards-implementing-the-non-communicable-diseases-global-action-plan-2013-2020-a-synthesis-of-who-country-profile-reports
#9
Gertrude Nsorma Nyaaba, Karien Stronks, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Andre Pascal Kengne, Charles Agyemang
BACKGROUND: Half of the estimated annual 28 million non-communicable diseases (NCDs) deaths in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are attributed to weak health systems. Current health policy responses to NCDs are fragmented and vertical particularly in the African region. The World Health Organization (WHO) led NCDs Global action plan 2013-2020 has been recommended for reducing the NCD burden but it is unclear whether Africa is on track in its implementation. This paper synthesizes Africa's progress towards WHO policy recommendations for reducing the NCD burden...
April 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355529/allied-health-leadership-in-new-south-wales-a-study-of-perceptions-and-priorities-of-allied-health-leaders
#10
Patricia Bradd, Joanne Travaglia, Andrew Hayen
Objective The aim of the present study was to investigate the opinions and perceptions of senior allied health (AH) leaders in relation to AH leadership, governance and organisation from an Australian public health perspective. The target group was the New South Wales (NSW) Health AH directors or advisors, the most senior public AH professionals in NSW.Methods The study was conducted over a 6-month period in 2014-15 and comprised two parts: (1) data collection through a 46-question online survey that sought the views of AH leaders about the field of AH in NSW; and (2) two confirmatory focus groups with members of the NSW Health Allied Health Directors Committee...
March 30, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347373/using-stable-isotope-techniques-in-nutrition-assessments-and-tracking-of-global-targets-post-2015
#11
Victor O Owino, Christine Slater, Cornelia U Loechl
Stable isotopes are non-radioactive, safe and are applied for various purposes in human health assessment in trace amounts that minimally disturb normal physiology. The International Atomic Energy Agency supports the use of stable isotope techniques to design and evaluate interventions addressing malnutrition in all its forms with focus on infant and young child feeding; maternal and adolescent nutrition; diet quality; prevention and control of non-communicable diseases; healthy ageing and gut function. These techniques can be used to objectively measure: (1) amount of human milk consumed and whether an infant is exclusively breastfed; (2) body composition in the context of re-feeding programmes for moderate and severe acute malnutrition and as an indicator of the risk for obesity; (3) bioavailability and bioconversion of pro-vitamin A and vitamin A body stores following vitamin A intervention programmes; (4) absorption and retention of iron, zinc and protein; (5) total energy expenditure for validation of physical activity measurement and dietary assessment tools and (6) diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori...
March 28, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337440/rabies-control-could-innovative-financing-break-the-deadlock
#12
REVIEW
Susan C Welburn, Paul G Coleman, Jakob Zinsstag
The neglected zoonotic diseases (NZDs) have been all but eradicated in wealthier countries but remain major causes of ill-health and mortality in over 80 countries across Africa, Asia, and Latin America. The nature of neglect for the NZDs has been ascribed, in part, to underreporting resulting in an underestimation of their global burden that, together with a lack of advocacy, downgrades their relevance to policy-makers and funding agencies. While this may be the case for many NZDs, for rabies this is not the case...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333557/eliciting-provider-and-patient-perspectives-on-new-obesity-management-services-in-a-team-based-primary-care-organization
#13
Dawna Royall, Paula Brauer, Edwoba Atta-Konadu, John J M Dwyer, A Michelle Edwards, Tracy Hussey, Nick Kates
PURPOSE: Both providers and patients may have important insights to inform the development of obesity prevention and management services in Canadian primary care settings. In this formative study, insights for new obesity management services were sought from both providers and patients in 1 progressive citywide organization (150 physicians, team services, separate offices). METHODS: Seven focus groups with interprofessional health providers (n = 56) and 4 focus groups with patients (n = 34) were conducted...
March 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327199/measuring-research-impact-in-australia-s-medical-research-institutes-a-scoping-literature-review-of-the-objectives-for-and-an-assessment-of-the-capabilities-of-research-impact-assessment-frameworks
#14
REVIEW
Simon Deeming, Andrew Searles, Penny Reeves, Michael Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Realising the economic potential of research institutions, including medical research institutes, represents a policy imperative for many Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development nations. The assessment of research impact has consequently drawn increasing attention. Research impact assessment frameworks (RIAFs) provide a structure to assess research translation, but minimal research has examined whether alternative RIAFs realise the intended policy outcomes. This paper examines the objectives presented for RIAFs in light of economic imperatives to justify ongoing support for health and medical research investment, leverage productivity via commercialisation and outcome-efficiency gains in health systems, and ensure that translation and impact considerations are embedded into the research process...
March 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325237/global-health-in-radiation-oncology-the-emergence-of-a-new-career-pathway
#15
REVIEW
Danielle Rodin, Mei Ling Yap, Surbhi Grover, John M Longo, Onyinye Balogun, Sandra Turner, Jesper G Eriksen, C Norman Coleman, Meredith Giuliani
The massive global shortfall in radiotherapy equipment and human resources in developing countries is an enormous challenge for international efforts in cancer control. This lack of access to treatment has been long-standing, but there is now a growing consensus about the urgent need to prioritize solutions to this problem and that a global strategy is required for them to be successful. An essential element of making radiotherapy universally accessible is a coordinated approach to clinical training and practice...
April 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277392/impaired-kidney-function-and-associated-factors-among-rural-adults-with-disabilities-in-taiwan
#16
Chu-Yeh Chen, Wen-Nan Chiu, Yu-Chen Lin, Sui-Hwi Jane, Hsin-Hung Chiang, Mei-Yen Chen
BACKGROUND: The results of numerous studies indicate that people with disabilities seek more healthcare than those who are not disabled, particularly for conditions such as chronic kidney disease, cardiovascular disease, and obesity. However, little is known about the incidence of impaired kidney function and its associated factors among adults with disabilities in Taiwan. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence and factors associated with impaired kidney function among adults with disabilities...
April 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218583/taking-our-seat-at-the-table-community-cancer-survivorship
#17
Katie M Polo, Caitlin Smith
Cancer survivors are at risk for occupational performance issues related to activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, work, and social and community participation. Occupational therapy practitioners can address these performance issues by offering services within existing community cancer survivorship programs that focus on adaptive and compensatory strategies to facilitate meaningful lifestyles and optimize health and well-being. Occupational therapy services do not currently exist at these community sites, nor are occupational therapy practitioners recognized as providers in existing community cancer survivorship programs...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214975/surveillance-scans-in-lymphoma-friend-or-foe
#18
REVIEW
Tycel Phillips, Jessica Mercer
Advancements in the treatment of lymphoma over the last few decades have allowed more patients to achieve a remission after the completion of therapy. Due to the improvement in response rates, methods to detect recurrence early and accurately during follow-up, especially in patients with potential curable aggressive lymphomas, are a key. Observation has always involved close clinical follow-up with the use of physical exams and routine labs, but rapid changes in technology have allowed CT scans, PET scans, and MRIs to become an integral part of managing patients with lymphoma...
February 2017: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213392/disease-campaigns-and-the-decline-of-treatment-advocacy
#19
Rachel Kahn Best
In the past fifty years, disease advocacy organizations have multiplied and gained political influence, but they have often been reluctant to ask the government to intervene in health care provision. This article asks why. Using original quantitative and qualitative data on the goals and political claims of over one thousand organizations from 1960 through 2014, I find that many early disease advocacy organizations prioritized health care access. But unfavorable political climates discouraged new organizations from focusing on access to treatment...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212685/factors-that-influence-children-s-gambling-attitudes-and-consumption-intentions-lessons-for-gambling-harm-prevention-research-policies-and-advocacy-strategies
#20
Hannah Pitt, Samantha L Thomas, Amy Bestman, Mike Daube, Jeffrey Derevensky
BACKGROUND: Harmful gambling is a public health issue that affects not only adults but also children. With the development of a range of new gambling products, and the marketing for these products, children are potentially exposed to gambling more than ever before. While there have been many calls to develop strategies which protect children from harmful gambling products, very little is known about the factors that may influence children's attitudes towards these products. This study aimed to explore children's gambling attitudes and consumption intentions and the range of consumer socialisation factors that may influence these attitudes and behaviours...
February 17, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
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