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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136490/adopting-state-level-policy-to-support-physical-activity-among-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-georgia-s-shape-act
#1
Rodney S Lyn, Erica R Sheldon, Michael P Eriksen
Physical inactivity among children is a public health problem associated with low levels of fitness, obesity, and increased risk of chronic diseases. Public health experts have identified policies targeting physical activity as a promising strategy to address this challenge. Understanding the process by which such policies are adopted may help to facilitate progress nationally. To examine lessons learned from the passage of the Student Health and Physical Education Act in Georgia, we conducted 15 interviews with people engaged in the adoption of the act...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135431/intervention-to-improve-medication-management-qualitative-outcomes-from-a-phase-i-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Jaclyn K Schwartz, Kimberly A Grogan, Melissa J Mutch, Emily B Nowicki, Elizabeth A Seidel, Stefanie A Woelfel, Roger O Smith
OBJECTIVES: We sought to define an occupational therapy intervention to promote medication management and to evaluate the acceptability and effectiveness of the intervention. METHOD: Nineteen adults with chronic health conditions and poor medication adherence participated in a two-group, blinded, randomized study. They received either an occupational therapy or a standard care intervention. We used a qualitative method to measure participants' changes in medication management through an interview regarding participants' perceptions and behaviors...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129715/reducing-barriers-to-healthy-weight-planned-and-responsive-adaptations-to-a-lifestyle-intervention-to-serve-people-with-impaired-mobility
#3
Andrea C Betts, Katherine Froehlich-Grobe, Simon Driver, Danielle Carlton, M Kaye Kramer
BACKGROUND: People with impaired mobility (IM) disabilities have a higher prevalence of obesity and obesity-related chronic conditions; however, lifestyle interventions that address the unique needs of people with IM are lacking. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes an adapted evidence-based lifestyle intervention developed through community-based participatory research (CBPR). METHODS: Individuals with IM, health professionals, disability group representatives, and researchers formed an advisory board to guide the process of thoroughly adapting the Diabetes Prevention Program Group Lifestyle Balance (DPP GLB) intervention after a successful pilot in people with IM...
October 27, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117439/the-female-self-advocacy-in-cancer-survivorship-scale-a-validation-study
#4
Teresa L Hagan, Susan M Cohen, Margaret Q Rosenzweig, Kristin Zorn, Clement A Stone, Heidi S Donovan
AIM: To develop and psychometrically test the validity of the Female Self-Advocacy in Cancer Survivorship Scale. BACKGROUND: Female cancer survivors need to self-advocate to overcome challenges associated with cancer yet no valid measure of self-advocacy exists. DESIGN: Instrument development. Mixed-mode cross-sectional survey design. PARTICIPANTS: We recruited adult females (18+ years) (N=317) with a history of invasive cancer from local and national tumor registries and advocacy organizations to complete online or paper questionnaires...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106352/the-oral-health-of-preschool-children-of-refugee-and-immigrant-families-in-manitoba
#5
Mohamed El Azrak, Alice Huang, Khalida Hai-Santiago, Mary F Bertone, Daniella DeMaré, Robert J Schroth
INTRODUCTION: Children of newcomers to Canada have been identified as at moderately high risk for developing early childhood caries (ECC). The purpose of this study was to investigate the oral health of preschool children of refugee and immigrant families in Winnipeg. METHODS: Children < 72 months of age and their parent or primary caregiver were recruited through several newcomer settlement agencies, dental clinics and community programs. Parents and caregivers completed a short questionnaire with the assistance of a research team member...
January 2017: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062528/strengthening-international-patient-advocacy-perspectives-on-patient-involvement-in-hta-within-the-htai-patient-and-citizen-involvement-interest-group-commentary
#6
EDITORIAL
Janet L Wale, Anna Mae Scott, Neil Bertelsen, Nick Meade
PLAIN LANGUAGE SUMMARY: Health Technology Assessment (HTA) is an evidence-based decision-making process, focusing on evaluating health technologies for funding within a healthcare system. 'Health technologies' include medications, medical devices, diagnostics, medical procedures and services. Health Technology Assessment international (HTAi) is a global society for those who produce, use, participate in, or encounter HTA. The HTAi Secretariat supports special interest groups within HTAi...
2017: Res Involv Engagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050653/policy-impact-of-research-findings-on-the-association-of-diaper-need-and-mental-health
#7
Lori R Wallace, Alison M Weir, Megan V Smith
BACKGROUND: Maternal mental illness constitutes one of most significant public health problems facing women of reproductive age and their children. Women who mother in poverty experience additional stressors, pointing to the need for innovative public health promotion efforts to reduce mental illness. Simple innovations, like making diapers more available and affordable, may represent an effective method of addressing this problem. This paper describes the research findings on diaper need reported by the New Haven Mental Health Outreach for Mothers Partnership and the process of translating these findings into broader policy and advocacy efforts...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040476/national-responses-to-global-health-targets-exploring-policy-transfer-in-the-context-of-the-unaids-90-90-90-treatment-targets-in-ghana-and-uganda
#8
Ellen McRobie, Fred Matovu, Aisha Nanyiti, Justice Nonvignon, Daniel Nana Yaw Abankwah, Kelsey K Case, Timothy B Hallett, Johanna Hanefeld, Lesong Conteh
Global health organizations frequently set disease-specific targets with the goal of eliciting adoption at the national-level; consideration of the influence of target setting on national policies, programme and health budgets is of benefit to those setting targets and those intended to respond. In 2014, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS set 'ambitious' treatment targets for country adoption: 90% of HIV-positive persons should know their status; 90% of those on treatment; 90% of those achieving viral suppression...
October 11, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039802/effects-of-an-advocacy-trial-on-food-industry-salt-reduction-efforts-an-interim-process-evaluation
#9
Helen Trevena, Kristina Petersen, Anne Marie Thow, Elizabeth K Dunford, Jason H Y Wu, Bruce Neal
The decisions made by food companies are a potent factor shaping the nutritional quality of the food supply. A number of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) advocate for corporate action to reduce salt levels in foods, but few data define the effectiveness of advocacy. This present report describes the process evaluation of an advocacy intervention delivered by one Australian NGO directly to food companies to reduce the salt content of processed foods. Food companies were randomly assigned to intervention (n = 22) or control (n = 23) groups...
October 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029587/-here-if-you-need-me-exploring-peer-support-to-enhance-access-to-physical-health-care
#10
Julia Bocking, Stephanie B Ewart, Brenda Happell, Chris Platania-Phung, Robert Stanton, Brett Scholz
BACKGROUND: People diagnosed with mental illness (hereinafter "consumers") have higher rates of chronic disease and significantly shorter lives than the wider population. Peer workers have become increasingly involved in facilitating access to physical health care, yet the consumer perspective regarding peer involvement is unknown. This absent voice is needed to inform strategic planning and generate solutions to address the current inequity in health status. AIM: To articulate the views of consumers in regards to the potential use of peer workers to further the physical health of people with mental illness...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019801/mapping-the-landscape-journeying-together-the-gold-foundation-s-model-for-research-based-advocacy-in-humanism-in-medicine
#11
Elizabeth Gaufberg
Mapping the Landscape, Journeying Together (MTL) is an initiative of the Arnold P. Gold Foundation Research Institute. The MTL initiative awards teams with a grant to complete a rigorous review of the literature on a topic related to humanism in health care. Teams may then seek a discovery or advocacy grant to fill in gaps in knowledge or to make or advocate for change. In this Commentary, the author reveals the MTL journey through the metaphor of cartography. She describes the initial development of a road map, as well as the MTL community's experience of navigation, discovery, and exploration...
October 10, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973409/creating-healthy-built-environment-legislation-in-australia-a-policy-analysis
#12
Patrick Harris, Jennifer Kent, Peter Sainsbury, Anne Marie-Thow, Fran Baum, Sharon Friel, Peter McCue
Influencing healthy public policy through health advocacy remains challenging. This policy analysis research uses theories of agenda setting to understand how health came to be considered for specific mention in legislation arising from land-use planning system reform in New South Wales, Australia. This qualitative study follows critical realist methodology to conduct a policy analysis of the case. We collected data from purposively sampled in-depth interviews (n = 9), a focus group and documentary analysis...
September 5, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949987/how-much-will-it-cost-to-eradicate-lymphatic-filariasis-an-analysis-of-the-financial-and-economic-costs-of-intensified-efforts-against-lymphatic-filariasis
#13
Randee J Kastner, Elisa Sicuri, Christopher M Stone, Gabriel Matwale, Ambrose Onapa, Fabrizio Tediosi
INTRODUCTION: Lymphatic filariasis (LF), a neglected tropical disease (NTD) preventable through mass drug administration (MDA), is one of six diseases deemed possibly eradicable. Previously we developed one LF elimination scenario, which assumes MDA scale-up to continue in all countries that have previously undertaken MDA. In contrast, our three previously developed eradication scenarios assume all LF endemic countries will undertake MDA at an average (eradication I), fast (eradication II), or instantaneous (eradication III) rate of scale-up...
September 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945701/american-pediatric-society-s-2017-john-howland-award-acceptance-lecture-a-tale-of-two-toxicants-childhood-exposure-to-lead-and-tobacco
#14
REVIEW
Michael Weitzman
This article summarizes the presentation of the 2017 Howland Award to Michael Weitzman, MD at the Annual Pediatric Academic Society Meetings. It summarizes the remarkable advances in understanding the effects and pathways of exposure of the 2 most common and pernicious of our nation's child environmental exposures, namely lead and tobacco. It also summarizes the profound effect of the translation of these findings into prudent and effective clinical and public health policies such that exposure to both has dramatically decreased over the past 40 years due to the tenacious activities of pediatricians, other child-related professionals, government agencies at all levels, and the American Academy of Pediatrics...
September 25, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941850/meso-level-multi-disciplinary-approach-for-reduction-of-pre-treatment-loss-to-follow-up-in-revised-national-tuberculosis-control-program-delhi-india
#15
Nandini Sharma, Shivani Chandra, Meera Dhuria, Charu Kohli, Kamal Kishore Chopra, Nishi Aggarwal, Kuldeep Sachdeva
BACKGROUND: Universal access to tuberculosis (TB) care services emphasizes early detection and initiation of treatment for all pulmonary TB patients. Pre-treatment loss to follow-up patients needs to be actively tracked and treated to break the chain of transmission in the community. OBJECTIVES: MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire based cross sectional study of a sample of 340 patients who were pre-treatment loss to follow-up was conducted from November 2011 to March 2012 in Delhi...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931482/policy-and-political-advocacy-comparison-study-of-nursing-faculty-to-determine-current-practices-perceptions-and-barriers-to-teaching-health-policy
#16
Suzanne Staebler, Jane Campbell, Patsy Cornelius, Amanda Fallin-Bennett, Eileen Fry-Bowers, Ying Mai Kung, David LaFevers, Janice Miller
PURPOSE: To better understand policy/advocacy concepts and methodology utilized in all levels of nursing educational programs and develop clarity concerning structure of policy content and integration across all levels of education. DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of data obtained from a survey sent to 19,043 nursing faculty in the United States; 598 total responses; 514 complete responses. Quantitative data points were analyzed using SPSS and qualitative data was grouped and analyzed by theme...
September 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912404/significance-of-uicc-activities-in-global-health-initiatives-on-cancer-looking-towards-the-future-of-cooperative-networks-for-cancer-care-in-asia-a-dialogue-with-the-union-for-international-cancer-control-uicc
#17
Norie Kawahara, Cary Adams, Hideyuki Akaza
At the 24th Asia Pacific Cancer Conference held in Seoul, Korea from 22 to 24 June 2017, a dialogue with Dr.Cary Adams, CEO of the Union for International Cancer Control(UICC)was held to discuss the significance of UICC activities in global health initiatives on cancer and pathways for cooperation on cancer control and care.UICC is engaged in a wide range of capacity building, advocacy and convening initiatives and is increasingly focusing on multi-sectoral approaches.In Japan activities are still predominantly focused on scientific and clinical research and this dialogue provided an opportunity to discuss the possibilities for expanding cooperation in Asia, using the UICC Asia Regional Office(UICC-ARO)as a platform...
September 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904728/evaluation-of-the-acute-flaccid-paralysis-afp-surveillance-system-gokwe-north-district-zimbabwe-2015-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Annamercy Makoni, Milton Chemhuru, Notion Gombe, Gerald Shambira, Tsitsi Juru, Donewell Bangure, Mufuta Tshimanga
INTRODUCTION: AFP surveillance was adopted globally as a key strategy for monitoring the progress of the polio eradication initiative. Gokwe North district with an estimated 119 655 children <15 years detected 2 cases, 4 cases and 1 case of AFP in 2012, 2013 and 2014 respectively against a target of 5 cases per year. We therefore set out to evaluate the system and find out why it was failing to detect at least 5 cases per year. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional study was carried out...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898979/obesity-pathogenesis-an-endocrine-society-scientific-statement
#19
Michael W Schwartz, Randy J Seeley, Lori M Zeltser, Adam Drewnowski, Eric Ravussin, Leanne M Redman, Rudolph L Leibel
Obesity is among the most common and costly chronic disorders worldwide. Estimates suggest that in the United States obesity affects one-third of adults, accounts for up to one-third of total mortality, is concentrated among lower income groups, and increasingly affects children as well as adults. A lack of effective options for long-term weight reduction magnifies the enormity of this problem; individuals who successfully complete behavioral and dietary weight-loss programs eventually regain most of the lost weight...
August 1, 2017: Endocrine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859764/no-347-obstetric-management-at-borderline-viability
#20
Noor Niyar N Ladhani, Radha S Chari, Michael S Dunn, Griffith Jones, Prakesh Shah, Jon F R Barrett
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this guideline was to develop consensus statements to guide clinical practice and recommendations for obstetric management of a pregnancy at borderline viability, currently defined as prior to 25+6 weeks. INTENDED USERS: Clinicians involved in the obstetric management of women whose fetus is at the borderline of viability. TARGET POPULATION: Women presenting for possible birth at borderline viability. EVIDENCE: This document presents a summary of the literature and a general consensus on the management of pregnancies at borderline viability, including maternal transfer and consultation, administration of antenatal corticosteroids and magnesium sulfate, fetal heart rate monitoring, and considerations in mode of delivery...
September 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
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