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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651415/-investigation-of-burn-rehabilitation-development-of-china-in-2014
#1
M Ao, J Wu, J Chen
Objective: To further study the development of burn rehabilitation in China, so as to promote the development of burn rehabilitation in China. Methods: The questionnaire about the development of burn rehabilitation treatment was started by Specialized Committee of Burn Treatment and Rehabilitation Science of Chinese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine (hereinafter referred to as Specialized Committee) in the end of 2014, and 65 affiliations of Specialized Committee members participated in. There was a total of 26 questions, mainly focusing on problems as below: (1) General information of the burn department of the units, including the number of authorized beds, annual admitted burn patients, annual admitted patients with extremely severe burn, doctors, nurses, rehabilitation therapists, and the condition of rehabilitation area and rehabilitation beds, etc...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650776/women-s-preferences-for-menstrual-bleeding-frequency-in-12-european-countries-the-inconvenience-due-to-women-s-monthly-bleeding-isy-survey
#2
Christian Fiala, Nathalie Chabbert-Buffet, Günther Häusler, Christian Jamin, Iñaki Lete, Paloma Lobo, Rossella E Nappi, Axelle Pintiaux
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to assess the level of inconvenience associated with menstrual bleeding and determine how many women across 12 European countries would prefer a bleeding frequency of less than once a month and what would motivate their choice. METHODS: A 15-min quantitative online survey was conducted in two waves among 5728 women aged between 18 and 45 years, with an equal distribution of women using a combined hormonal contraceptive (CHC group, n = 2739) and women using a non-hormonal contraceptive or no contraceptive (non-HC group, n = 2989)...
June 26, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650737/premenstrual-symptom-patterns-and-behavioral-risk-factors-in-young-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Felicia A Quintana-Zinn, Brian W Whitcomb, Alayne G Ronnenberg, Carol Bigelow, Serena C Houghton, Elizabeth R Bertone-Johnson
BACKGROUND: Approximately 80% of reproductive age women experience physical or emotional symptoms before onset of menses. Of these women, ∼20% experience symptoms severe enough to interfere with social functioning and life activities, and meet clinical criteria for premenstrual syndrome (PMS). More than 100 different symptoms are associated with PMS. Symptom groupings tend to be stable within an individual, but vary distinctly between women. Potential differences in the etiology of symptoms suggest that PMS may have subtypes that represent distinct entities...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650451/inability-to-work-and-need-for-disability-pension-among-long-term-survivors-of-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#4
A Tichelli, S Gerull, A Holbro, A Buser, G Nair, M Medinger, D Heim, J P Halter, J R Passweg
Return to work is critical goal following HSCT. However, late effects may impede return to normal activity after HSCT. In the case of inability to work, patients may need a work disability pension to ensure a reasonable livelihood. This study evaluated inability to work and need for disability pension among long-term survivors and analyzed possible determinants of need for social support. This retrospective, single-center study included all HSCT patients surviving ⩾5 years seen at the outpatient clinic between January 2013 and August 2015...
June 26, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650208/when-using-facebook-to-avoid-isolation-reduces-perceived-social-support
#5
Eun-Ju Lee, Eugene Cho
A survey (N = 316) examined how other-directed Facebook use driven by fear of social isolation affects users' perception of social support they possess. As predicted, those higher on fear of isolation were more likely to (a) closely monitor others' activities for self-evaluation (i.e., social comparison) and (b) regulate their self-presentation to garner social approval (i.e., other-directed self-presentation), but less likely to (c) express their true inner feelings and thoughts (i.e., inner-directed self-presentation) on Facebook...
June 26, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650193/evaluation-of-an-open-access-cbt-based-internet-program-for-social-anxiety-patterns-of-use-retention-and-outcomes
#6
M Taylor Dryman, Lisa M McTeague, Thomas M Olino, Richard G Heimberg
OBJECTIVE: Internet-delivered cognitive-behavioral therapy (ICBT) has been established as both efficacious and effective in reducing symptoms of social anxiety. However, most research has been conducted in controlled settings, and little is known regarding the utility of such programs in an open-access format. The present study examined the use, adherence, and effectiveness of Joyable, an open-access, Internet-delivered, coach-supported CBT-based intervention for social anxiety. METHOD: Participants were 3,384 registered users (Mage [SD] = 29...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649921/leader-trust-competence-lmx-and-member-performance
#7
Gukdo Byun, Ye Dai, Soojin Lee, Seungwan Kang
Based on social exchange theory, this study examines the influence of leaders' trusting behavior and competence in in-role activities on members' perceived leader-member exchange (LMX) relationships. Our study proposes that a leader's trust in a member contributes to the member's perceived LMX, and that the leader's competence in in-role activities moderates this relationship. Furthermore, our study suggests that perceived LMX mediates the relationship between the leader's trust and members' task performance...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649862/the-role-of-sociocultural-perspectives-in-eating-disorder-treatment-a-study-of-health-professionals
#8
Su Holmes
Eating disorders are now often approached as biopsychosocial problems, because they are widely recognised as multifactorial in origin. However, it has been suggested that there is a substantial and unwarranted imbalance within this biopsychosocial framework, with the 'social' aspects of the equation relegated to secondary or facilitating factors within treatment contexts. Drawing on data from 12 qualitative interviews with health professionals in a UK region, this article examines the extent to which sociocultural perspectives on eating disorders are valued and explored in eating disorder treatment, with a particular focus on the relationship between eating disorders and gender...
June 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649855/quality-of-life-and-its-factors-in-korean-elderly-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#9
Younhee Kang, Eliza Lee
Based on the secondary data analysis, this study aimed to identify quality of life and factors that affect quality of life among Korean elderly with mild cognitive impairment. Demographic characteristics, physical factors, and psychosocial factors as well as quality of life of the elderly with mild cognitive impairment were comprehensively measured. The research subjects consisted of 348 home-resident elderly and their quality of life scores were relatively high at 29.86. Their quality of life varied according to education and gender, and instrumental activities of daily living (actual, latent), somatic symptoms, sleep quality, depression, and social support affected their quality of life...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649739/professional-organization-membership-advancing-the-nurse-practitioner-role
#10
Mary Jo Goolsby, Janet C DuBois
With a paucity of literature on professional organization membership by nurse practitioners (NPs), the authors base the discussion of the personal benefits associated with membership on literature focusing on clinicians other than NPs and their personal experiences as members of multiple organizations. Membership is described as related to NP socialization, engagement, networking, mentorship, advocacy, policy, leadership development, research dissemination, professional development, and volunteerism. In addition to encouraging active participation in one or more professional organizations, the need for research into factors influencing the degree to which NPs participate in organizations and the associated benefits is identified...
June 26, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649315/effects-of-a-social-stimulus-on-gene-expression-in-a-mouse-model-of-fragile-x-syndrome
#11
Tiffany D Rogers, Allison M J Anacker, Travis M Kerr, C Gunnar Forsberg, Jing Wang, Bing Zhang, Jeremy Veenstra-VanderWeele
BACKGROUND: People with fragile X syndrome (FXS) often have deficits in social behavior, and a substantial portion meet criteria for autism spectrum disorder. Though the genetic cause of FXS is known to be due to the silencing of FMR1, and the Fmr1 null mouse model representing this lesion has been extensively studied, the contributions of this gene and its protein product, FMRP, to social behavior are not well understood. METHODS: Fmr1 null mice and wildtype littermates were exposed to a social or non-social stimulus...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649286/autism-spectrum-disorder-and-epileptic-encephalopathy-common-causes-many-questions
#12
REVIEW
Siddharth Srivastava, Mustafa Sahin
Epileptic encephalopathies represent a particularly severe form of epilepsy, associated with cognitive and behavioral deficits, including impaired social-communication and restricted, repetitive behaviors that are the hallmarks of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). With the advent of next-generation sequencing, the genetic landscape of epileptic encephalopathies is growing and demonstrates overlap with genes separately implicated in ASD. However, many questions remain about this connection, including whether epileptiform activity itself contributes to the development of ASD symptomatology...
2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648951/physical-activity-and-healthy-ageing-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-cohort-studies
#13
REVIEW
C Daskalopoulou, B Stubbs, C Kralj, A Koukounari, M Prince, A M Prina
BACKGROUND: Older people constitute a significant proportion of the total population and their number is projected to increase by more than half by 2050. This increasing probability of late survival comes with considerable individual, economic and social impact. Physical activity (PA) can influence the ageing process but the specific relationship with healthy ageing (HA) is unclear. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies examining the associations of PA with HA...
June 22, 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648930/associations-between-multiple-indicators-of-socio-economic-status-and-muscle-strengthening-activity-participation-in-a-nationally-representative-population-sample-of-australian-adults
#14
Jonathan Freeston, Jo Gale, Yorgi Mavros, Jason Bennie, Zeljko Pedisic, Adrian Bauman, Emmanuel Stamatakis
BACKGROUND: Muscle-strengthening activity (MSA) (e.g. weight training), confers unique health benefits. While socioeconomic status (SES) correlates with leisure time physical activity, little is known about its relation with MSA. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of 8993 Australian adults (>18years) who participated in the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey 2011-12. Information was collected on SES (income, education, socio-economic disadvantage and remoteness) and MSA participation...
June 22, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648903/social-frailty-and-functional-disability-findings-from-the-singapore-longitudinal-ageing-studies
#15
Nigel Teo, Qi Gao, Ma Shwe Zin Nyunt, Shiou Liang Wee, Tze-Pin Ng
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between the social frailty (SF) phenotype and functional disability, independently of the physical frailty (PF) phenotype, and compare the abilities of the PF, SF, and combined social and physical (PSF) indexes for predicting functional disability. METHOD: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses of a population-based cohort (Singapore Longitudinal Ageing Study, SLAS-1) of 2406 community-dwelling older adults with 3 years of follow-up (N = 1254 and N = 1557 for instrumental activity of daily living (IADL) disability and severe disability (≥3 basic ADL) respectively)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648389/stress-primes-microglial-polarization-after-global-ischemia-therapeutic-potential-of-progesterone
#16
Claudia Espinosa-Garcia, Iqbal Sayeed, Seema Yousuf, Fahim Atif, Elena G Sergeeva, Gretchen N Neigh, Donald G Stein
Despite the fact stress is associated with increased risk of stroke and worsened outcome, most preclinical studies have ignored this comorbid factor, especially in the context of testing neuroprotective treatments. Preclinical research suggests that stress primes microglia, resulting in an enhanced reactivity to a subsequent insult and potentially increasing vulnerability to stroke. Ischemia-induced activated microglia can be polarized into a harmful phenotype, M1, which produces pro-inflammatory cytokines, or a protective phenotype, M2, which releases anti-inflammatory cytokines and neurotrophic factors...
June 22, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648148/debt-counselling-for-depression-in-primary-care-an-adaptive-randomised-controlled-pilot-trial-decoder-study
#17
Mark B Gabbay, Adele Ring, Richard Byng, Pippa Anderson, Rod S Taylor, Caryn Matthews, Tirril Harris, Vashti Berry, Paula Byrne, Elliot Carter, Pam Clarke, Laura Cocking, Suzanne Edwards, Richard Emsley, Mauro Fornasiero, Lucy Frith, Shaun Harris, Peter Huxley, Siw Jones, Peter Kinderman, Michael King, Liv Kosnes, Daniel Marshall, Dave Mercer, Carl May, Debbie Nolan, Ceri Phillips, Tim Rawcliffe, Alexandra V Sardani, Elizabeth Shaw, Sam Thompson, Jane Vickery, Brian Wainman, Mark Warner
BACKGROUND: Depression and debt are common in the UK. Debt Counselling for Depression in Primary Care: an adaptive randomised controlled pilot trial (DeCoDer) aimed to assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the addition of a primary care debt counselling advice service to usual care for patients with depression and debt. However, the study was terminated early during the internal pilot trial phase because of recruitment delays. This report describes the rationale, methods and findings of the pilot study, and implications for future research...
June 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647879/disposal-of-household-pharmaceuticals-in-insular-communities-social-attitude-behaviour-evaluation-and-prevention-activities
#18
Antonis A Zorpas, Maria Dimitriou, Irene Voukkali
The increase in medicine and drug consumption have resulted in identifying these emerging pollutants in all aquatic compartments, ranging from surface water and groundwater resources to the marine environment. Pharmaceuticals are an indispensable part of life today. A large number of pharmaceuticals are used in a daily basis in the treatment, prevention, cure or diagnosis of diseases or to otherwise enhance people's physical or mental well-being. This paper focuses on the evaluation of the attitude of citizens in Cyprus regarding the disposal of pharmaceuticals as well as to identify the main reasons why pharmaceutical wastes are produced...
June 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647839/do-bumble-bee-bombus-impatiens-queens-signal-their-reproductive-and-mating-status-to-their-workers
#19
Etya Amsalem, Mario Padilla, Paul M Schreiber, Naomi S Altman, Abraham Hefetz, Christina M Grozinger
Reproduction in social insect societies reflects a delicate balance between cooperation and conflict over offspring production, and worker reproduction is widespread even in species showing strong reproductive skew in favor of the queen. To navigate these conflicts, workers are predicted to develop the means to estimate the queen's fecundity - potentially through behavioral and/or chemical cues - and to adjust their reproduction to maximize their fitness. Here, we introduced bumble bee, Bombus impatiens, workers to queens of different mating and reproductive status and examined worker reproduction and expression levels of two genes which were previously shown to be sensitive to the presence of the queen, vitellogenin and Krüppel-homolog 1...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647669/-engage-therapy-prediction-of-change-of-late-life-major-depression
#20
George S Alexopoulos, Robert O'Neil, Samprit Banerjee, Patrick J Raue, Lindsay W Victoria, Jennifer N Bress, Cristina Pollari, Patricia A Arean
OBJECTIVE: Engage grew out of the need for streamlined psychotherapies that can be accurately used by community therapists in late-life depression. Engage was based on the view that dysfunction of reward networks is the principal mechanism mediating depressive symptoms. Accordingly, Engage uses "reward exposure" (exposure to meaningful activities) and assumes that repeated activation of reward networks will normalize these systems. This study examined whether change in a behavioral activation scale, an index of reward system function, predicts change in depressive symptomatology...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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