keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Social activism

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938418/androgens-support-male-acrobatic-courtship-behavior-by-enhancing-muscle-speed-and-easing-the-severity-of-its-trade-off-with-force
#1
Matthew J Fuxjager, Meredith C Miles, Franz Goller, John Petersen, Julia Yancey
Steroid hormone action in the brain regulates many animals' elaborate social displays used for courtship and competition, but it is increasingly recognized that the periphery may also be a site for potent steroidal modulation of complex behavior. However, the mechanisms of such "bottom up" regulation of behavioral outflow are largely unclear. To study this problem, we examine how androgenic sex hormones act through the skeletal muscular system to mediate elaborate courtship acrobatics in a tropical bird called the golden-collared manakin...
August 29, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938335/statistical-analysis-of-influences-on-the-psychosocial-status-of-children-with-hemangiomas-and-their-families
#2
Ji Ung Park, Soohee Kang, Tae Hyun Choi
The psychologic stress on the child and family, which arise from hemangiomas, the most common neoplasm of childhood, cannot be overestimated. This study determined the preoperative and postoperative psychosocial status and variation among Oriental children with hemangiomas and their families by questionnaire. Thirty patients who underwent surgery for hemangiomas were assessed for preoperative and postoperative psychosocial status by questionnaire. The distribution of the total mean score and variation between the preoperative and postoperative status was estimated...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938204/natural-outdoor-environments-and-mental-health-stress-as-a-possible-mechanism
#3
Margarita Triguero-Mas, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Edmund Seto, Antònia Valentín, David Martínez, Graham Smith, Gemma Hurst, Glòria Carrasco-Turigas, Daniel Masterson, Magdalena van den Berg, Albert Ambròs, Tania Martínez-Íñiguez, Audrius Dedele, Naomi Ellis, Tomas Grazulevicius, Martin Voorsmit, Marta Cirach, Judith Cirac-Claveras, Wim Swart, Eddy Clasquin, Annemarie Ruijsbroek, Jolanda Maas, Michael Jerret, Regina Gražulevičienė, Hanneke Kruize, Christopher J Gidlow, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen
INTRODUCTION: Better mental health has been associated with exposure to natural outdoor environments (NOE). However, comprehensive studies including several indicators of exposure and outcomes, potential effect modifiers and mediators are scarce. OBJECTIVES: We used novel, objective measures to explore the relationships between exposure to NOE (i.e. residential availability and contact) and different indicators of mental health, and possible modifiers and mediators...
September 19, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938126/the-need-for-theory-evaluation-in-global-citizenship-programmes-the-case-of-the-gcsa-programme
#4
Sarah Goodier, Carren Field, Suki Goodman
Many education programmes lack a documented programme theory. This is a problem for programme planners and evaluators as the ability to measure programme success is grounded in the plausibility of the programme's underlying causal logic. Where the programme theory has not been documented, conducting a theory evaluation offers a foundational evaluation step as it gives an indication of whether the theory behind a programme is sound. This paper presents a case of a theory evaluation of a Global Citizenship programme at a top-ranking university in South Africa, subsequently called the GCSA Programme...
August 24, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937923/psychological-factors-in-chronic-edema-a-case-control-study
#5
Christine J Moffatt, Aimee Aubeeluck, Peter J Franks, Debra C Doherty, Peter Mortimer, Isabelle Quere
BACKGROUND: To examine psychological health and perceived social support in patients with chronic edema (CE). METHODS AND RESULTS: A random sample of 107 patients with CE was group matched for age and gender with 102 community controls. The cases had swelling of the arm (38%) and leg (61%) and midline swelling (14%). Cases were more likely to be single or divorced/separated (p = 0.041) and have reduced mobility (p < 0.001). They had significantly poorer overall health related quality of life (HRQoL), in particular physical functioning (p = 0...
September 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937910/loneliness-and-social-internet-use-pathways-to-reconnection-in-a-digital-world
#6
Rebecca Nowland, Elizabeth A Necka, John T Cacioppo
With the rise of online social networking, social relationships are increasingly developed and maintained in a digital domain. Drawing conclusions about the impact of the digital world on loneliness is difficult because there are contradictory findings, and cross-sectional studies dominate the literature, making causation difficult to establish. In this review, we present our theoretical model and propose that there is a bidirectional and dynamic relationship between loneliness and social Internet use. When the Internet is used as a way station on the route to enhancing existing relationships and forging new social connections, it is a useful tool for reducing loneliness...
September 1, 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936717/developing-a-typology-of-patient-generated-behavioral-goals-for-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-chronic-pain-cbt-cp-classification-and-predicting-outcomes
#7
Alicia A Heapy, Laura Wandner, Mary A Driscoll, Kathryn LaChappelle, Rebecca Czlapinski, Brenda T Fenton, John D Piette, James E Aikens, Mary R Janevic, Robert D Kerns
Patient-generated treatment goals describe what patients value, yet the content of these goals, and the relationship among goal types, goal accomplishment, and treatment outcomes has received little examination. We used inductive sorting to categorize patient-generated goals made by 147 adults receiving cognitive-behavioral therapy for chronic pain. The resulting goal categories were: Physical Activity (29.0%), Functional Status (24.6%), Wellness (16.3%), Recreational Activities (11.3%), House/Yard Work (9...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936419/motivation-peer-training-bridging-the-gap-for-people-with-mobility-disabilities
#8
Lucy K Norris
BACKGROUND: Only 2% of people with disabilities in developing countries have access to basic services and rehabilitation. OBJECTIVES: To bridge this gap, Motivation has been running Peer Training activities since 1993 and has identified that there is a growing need for Peer Training. The overall aim of Peer Training is for wheelchair users (Peer Trainers) to provide others (with similar disabilities) with the relevant knowledge on health issues, rights and skills to achieve a basic level of independence and greater quality of life...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936414/the-health-benefits-and-constraints-of-exercise-therapy-for-wheelchair-users-a-clinical-commentary
#9
Terry J Ellapen, Henriëtte V Hammill, Mariette Swanepoel, Gert L Strydom
BACKGROUND: There are approximately 1 billion people living with chronic lower limb disability, many of whom are wheelchair users. OBJECTIVES: Review cardiometabolic and neuromuscular risk profiles of wheelchair users, benefits of regular exercise and the causes of neuromuscular upper limb and hip injuries that hinder regular adherence. METHOD: Literature published between 2013 and 2017 was adopted according to the standard practices for systematic reviews (PRISMA) through Crossref Metadata and Google Scholar searches...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936394/intercultural-policy-in-times-of-crisis-theory-and-practice-in-the-case-of-turin-italy
#10
Tiziana Caponio, Davide Donatiello
In this article we analyse how interculturalism, intended as a new paradigm of immigrant integration policies, has been taking shape in an Italian city, i.e. Turin, in the context of the current economic crisis. We argue for the necessity of going beyond official statements on intercultural policy by undertaking a comparative analysis of policy practices in three Neighbourhood Houses (NHs, Case del quartiere), which are defined by the Municipality as open and intercultural spaces in which associations and citizens can develop activities aimed at expressing different cultural backgrounds, fostering participation and supporting social inclusion...
2017: Comparative Migration Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936198/social-isolation-modulates-clock-protein-and-beta-catenin-expression-pattern-in-gonadotropin-inhibitory-hormone-neurons-in-male-rats
#11
Chuin Hau Teo, Tomoko Soga, Ishwar S Parhar
Postweaning social isolation reduces the amplitude of the daily variation of CLOCK protein in the brain and induces lower reproductive activity. Gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH) acts as an inhibitor in the reproductive system and has been linked to stress. Social isolation has been shown to lower neuronal activity of GnIH-expressing neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH). The exact mechanism by which social isolation may affect GnIH is still unclear. We investigated the impact of social isolation on regulatory cellular mechanisms in GnIH neurons...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936162/rna-sequencing-analysis-reveals-a-regulatory-role-for-transcription-factor-fezf2-in-the-mature-motor-cortex
#12
Alison J Clare, Hollie E Wicky, Ruth M Empson, Stephanie M Hughes
Forebrain embryonic zinc finger (Fezf2) encodes a transcription factor essential for the specification of layer 5 projection neurons (PNs) in the developing cerebral cortex. As with many developmental transcription factors, Fezf2 continues to be expressed into adulthood, suggesting it remains crucial to the maintenance of neuronal phenotypes. Despite the continued expression, a function has yet to be explored for Fezf2 in the PNs of the developed cortex. Here, we investigated the role of Fezf2 in mature neurons, using lentiviral-mediated delivery of a shRNA to conditionally knockdown the expression of Fezf2 in the mouse primary motor cortex (M1)...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936159/neural-coding-for-action-execution-and-action-observation-in-the-prefrontal-cortex-and-its-role-in-the-organization-of-socially-driven-behavior
#13
REVIEW
Stefano Rozzi, Leonardo Fogassi
The lateral prefrontal cortex (LPF) plays a fundamental role in planning, organizing, and optimizing behavioral performance. Neuroanatomical and neurophysiological studies have suggested that in this cortical sector, information processing becomes more abstract when moving from caudal to rostral and that such processing involves parietal and premotor areas. We review studies that have shown that the LPF, in addition to its involvement in implementing rules and setting behavioral goals, activates during the execution of forelimb movements even in the absence of a learned relationship between an instruction and its associated motor output...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936141/social-frailty-in-older-adults-a-scoping-review
#14
REVIEW
S Bunt, N Steverink, J Olthof, C P van der Schans, J S M Hobbelen
Social frailty is a rather unexplored concept. In this paper, the concept of social frailty among older people is explored utilizing a scoping review. In the first stage, 42 studies related to social frailty of older people were compiled from scientific databases and analyzed. In the second stage, the findings of this literature were structured using the social needs concept of Social Production Function theory. As a result, it was concluded that social frailty can be defined as a continuum of being at risk of losing, or having lost, resources that are important for fulfilling one or more basic social needs during the life span...
September 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936139/does-active-ageing-contribute-to-life-satisfaction-for-older-people-testing-a-new-model-of-active-ageing
#15
Sara Marsillas, Liesbeth De Donder, Tinie Kardol, Sofie van Regenmortel, Sarah Dury, Dorien Brosens, An-Sofie Smetcoren, Teresa Braña, Jesús Varela
Several debates have emerged across the literature about the conceptualisation of active ageing. The aim of this study is to develop a model of the construct that is focused on the individual, including different elements of people's lives that have the potential to be modified by intervention programs. Moreover, the paper examines the contributions of active ageing to life satisfaction, as well as the possible predictive role of coping styles on active ageing. For this purpose, a representative sample of 404 Galician (Spain) community-dwelling older adults (aged ≥60 years) were interviewed using a structured survey...
September 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936136/older-adults-preferences-for-formal-social-support-of-autonomy-and-dependence-in-pain-development-and-validation-of-a-scale
#16
Sónia F Bernardes, Marta Matos, Liesbet Goubert
Chronic pain among older adults is common and often disabling. Pain-related formal social support (e.g., provided by staff at day-care centers, nursing homes), and the extent to which it promotes functional autonomy or dependence, plays a significant role in the promotion of older adults' ability to engage in their daily activities. Assessing older adults' preferences for pain-related social support for functional autonomy or dependence could contribute to increase formal social support responsiveness to individuals' needs...
September 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936008/physical-activity-diminishes-symptomatic-decline-in-chronic-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review
#17
Sandip P Tarpada, Matthew T Morris
Physical activity has been shown to positively influence a number of parameters in chronic schizophrenia, including cognition, social well being, and quality of life. Here, we present a systematic review of randomized controlled trials reporting on reduction of positive and negative symptoms using PANSS grading after the implementation of a physical activity protocol. Review of 64 articles yielded 6 relevant to our discussion. We found that physical activity significantly improved aggregate total PANSS score as well as positive symptoms PANSS score...
September 15, 2017: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935585/developmental-exposure-to-low-concentrations-of-two-brominated-flame-retardants-bde-47-and-bde-99-causes-life-long-behavioral-alterations-in-zebrafish
#18
Lilah Glazer, Corinne N Wells, Meghan Drastal, Kathryn-Ann Odamah, Richard E Galat, Mamta Behl, Edward D Levin
BACKGROUND: Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were widely used as flame retardants until the early 2000s, mainly in home furnishings and electronics. The persistence of PBDEs in the environment leads to continued ubiquitous exposure to low levels, with infants and children experiencing higher exposures than adults. Accumulating evidence suggest that low-level exposures during early life stages can affect brain development and lead to long-term behavioral impairments. We investigated the effects of zebrafish exposure to low doses of the two prominent PBDEs; 2,2',4,4',5,-Pentabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-99) and 2,2',4,4',-Tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47), during embryo-development on short- and long-term behavioral endpoints...
September 18, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935582/3%C3%AE-hsd-expression-in-the-cns-of-a-manakin-and-finch
#19
Joy Eaton, Devaleena S Pradhan, Julia Barske, Leonida Fusani, Virginie Canoine, Barney A Schlinger
The prohormone, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) circulates in vertebrate blood with the potential for actions on target tissues including the central nervous system (CNS). Many actions of DHEA require its conversion into more active products, some of which are catalyzed by the enzyme 3β-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase/isomerase (3β-HSD). Studies of birds show both expression and activity of 3β-HSD in brain and its importance in regulating social behavior. In oscine songbirds, 3β-HSD is expressed at reasonably high levels in brain, possibly linked to their complex neural circuitry controlling song...
September 18, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935448/perinatal-effects-of-exposure-to-pcbs-on-social-preferences-in-young-adult-and-middle-aged-offspring-mice
#20
Alaa Karkaba, Nidhal Soualeh, Rachid Soulimani, Jaouad Bouayed
In social species, social interactions between conspecifics constitute a fundamental component to establish relations, provide best chances to reproduce, and even improve survival rates. In this study, a three-chambered social approach test was used to estimate the level of sociability and level of preference for social novelty in both male and female young adult (postnatal day (PND) 50) and middle-aged (PND 330) offspring mice (n=10 per group) that were perinatally exposed to a mixture of six polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), 28, 52, 101, 138, 153, and 180, at environmentally low doses (10 and 1000ng/kg b...
September 18, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
keyword
keyword
99893
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"