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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550792/social-stress-contagion-in-rats-behavioural-autonomic-and-neuroendocrine-correlates
#1
Luca Carnevali, Nicola Montano, Rosario Statello, Gino Coudé, Federica Vacondio, Silvia Rivara, Pier Francesco Ferrari, Andrea Sgoifo
The negative emotional consequences associated with life stress exposure in an individual can affect the emotional state of social partners. In this study, we describe an experimental rat model of social stress contagion and its effects on social behaviour and cardiac autonomic and neuroendocrine functions. Adult male Wistar rats were pair-housed and one animal (designated as "demonstrator" (DEM)) was submitted to either social defeat stress (STR) by an aggressive male Wild-type rat in a separate room or just exposed to an unfamiliar empty cage (control condition, CTR), once a day for 4 consecutive days...
May 20, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550726/indices-of-stress-and-immune-function-in-arctic-barnacle-goslings-branta-leucopsis-were-impacted-by-social-isolation-but-not-a-contaminated-grazing-environment
#2
Margje E de Jong, Isabella B R Scheiber, Nico W van den Brink, Anna Braun, Kevin D Matson, Jan Komdeur, Maarten J J E Loonen
In many areas around the Arctic remains and spoil heaps of old mines can be found, which have been abandoned after their heydays. Runoff from tailings of these abandoned mines can directly contaminate the local environment with elevated concentrations of trace metals. Few studies have investigated the possible negative effects of contaminants on Arctic terrestrial animals that use these areas. Trace metals can accumulate in animals and this accumulation has been linked to negative effects on fitness. Both, the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and/or the immune system have been named as possible underlying causes for these observations...
May 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550643/housing-experiences-among-opioid-dependent-criminal-justice-involved-individuals-in-washington-d-c
#3
Alese Wooditch, Mary Mbaba, Marissa Kiss, William Lawson, Faye Taxman, Frederick L Altice
Residential mobility and type of housing contributes to an individual's likelihood and frequency of drug/alcohol use and committing criminal offenses. Little research has focused simultaneously on the influence of housing status on the use of drugs and criminal behavior. The present study examines how residential mobility (transitions in housing) and recent housing stability (prior 30 days) correlates with self-reported criminal activity and drug/alcohol use among a sample of 504 addicted, treatment-seeking opioid users with a history of criminal justice involvement...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550624/social-contexts-modulate-neural-responses-in-the-processing-of-others-pain-an-event-related-potential-study
#4
Fang Cui, Xiangru Zhu, Yuejia Luo
Two hypotheses have been proposed regarding the response that is triggered by observing others' pain: the "empathizing hypothesis" and the "threat value of pain hypothesis." The former suggests that observing others' pain triggers an empathic response. The latter suggests that it activates the threat-detection system. In the present study, participants were instructed to observe pictures that showed an anonymous hand or foot in a painful or non-painful situation in a threatening or friendly social context. Event-related potentials were recorded when the participants passively observed these pictures in different contexts...
May 26, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550016/genomic-analysis-of-genotype-by-social-environment-interaction-for-drosophila-aggressive-behavior
#5
Palle Duun Rohde, Bryn Gaertner, Kirsty Wards, Peter Sørensen, Trudy F C Mackay
Human psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and attention-deficit/hyper-activity disorder often include adverse behaviors including increased aggressiveness. Individuals with psychiatric disorders often exhibit social withdrawal, which can further increase the probability of conducting a violent act. Here, we used the inbred, sequenced lines of the Drosophila Genetic Reference Panel (DGRP) to investigate the genetic basis of variation in male aggressive behavior for flies reared in a socialized and socially isolated environment...
May 26, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550009/digital-support-interventions-for-the-self-management-of-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#6
Barbara I Nicholl, Louise F Sandal, Mette J Stochkendahl, Marianne McCallum, Nithya Suresh, Ottar Vasseljen, Jan Hartvigsen, Paul J Mork, Per Kjaer, Karen Søgaard, Frances S Mair
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a common cause of disability and is ranked as the most burdensome health condition globally. Self-management, including components on increased knowledge, monitoring of symptoms, and physical activity, are consistently recommended in clinical guidelines as cost-effective strategies for LBP management and there is increasing interest in the potential role of digital health. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to synthesize and critically appraise published evidence concerning the use of interactive digital interventions to support self-management of LBP...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549470/rationale-and-protocol-paper-for-the-healthy-active-peaceful-playgrounds-for-youth-happy-study
#7
Wayne Cotton, Dean Dudley, Kirsten Jackson, Matthew Winslade, Janice Atkin
BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence suggest an association between physical activity levels and students psychological well-being. A number of research studies have evaluated playground interventions that aim to increase physical activity levels, decrease conflict and bullying, and improve students behaviour. The HAPPY Study will evaluate the success of an intervention combining environmental modifications, teacher development, and peer support that can culminate in an easy to implement, low cost and effective model for increasing physical activity, and improving psychological well-being for children...
May 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549447/the-pre-amputation-pain-and-the-postoperative-deafferentation-are-the-risk-factors-of-phantom-limb-pain-a-clinical-survey-in-a-sample-of-chinese-population
#8
Yan Yin, Lan Zhang, Hong Xiao, Chuan-Bing Wen, Yue-E Dai, Guang Yang, Yun-Xia Zuo, Jin Liu
BACKGROUND: To provide an overview of phantom limb pain (PLP) in China. This includes the prevalence of PLP and possible risk factors. METHODS: In a retrospective study, telephone interviews were conducted with 391 amputation patients who underwent extremity amputations at a tertiary hospital in China. RESULTS: PLP was found in 29% of the amputees. Pre-amputation pain (OR = 10.4, P = 0.002) and postoperative analgesia (OR = 4.9, P = 0...
May 26, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549403/perceived-social-support-as-a-moderator-between-perceived-discrimination-and-subjective-well-being-among-people-with-physical-disabilities-in-israel
#9
Michal Itzick, Maya Kagan, Patricia Tal-Katz
PURPOSE: Perceived social support has gained importance as a significant preventive factor of depressive symptoms and as helpful for rebuilding feelings of self-worth and subjective well-being among people with physical disabilities. The current study examined whether perceived social support moderates the association between perceived discrimination and subjective well-being among people with physical disabilities in Israel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected by means of structured questionnaires among a convenience sample of 433 people with physical disabilities in Israel and hierarchical multiple regression was performed...
May 26, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549268/modulation-of-hpa-axis-response-to-social-stress-in-schizophrenia-by-childhood-trauma
#10
Claudia Lange, Christian G Huber, Daniela Fröhlich, Stefan Borgwardt, Undine E Lang, Marc Walter
HPA axis functioning plays an important role in the etiology of schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD). However, only few studies have examined HPA axis responsivity to psychosocial stress in SSD, and results are heterogeneous. Furthermore, childhood trauma is known to influence psychopathology and treatment outcome in SSD, but studies on the influence of childhood trauma on stress related HPA axis activity are missing. The purpose of this study was to investigate cortisol response to a psychosocial stress challenge in SSD patients, and to examine its association with severity of childhood trauma...
May 20, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548873/students-with-asthma-and-its-impacts
#11
Elif Isik, Ismet S Isik
Asthma is a common chronic disease in children. Uncontrolled asthma is a significant contributor to school absenteeism, emergency room visits, and hospitalization, all of which can lead to low school performance, financial burdens, and emotional problems for children and their parents. Asthma in children restricts the activities of school-aged children, such as participating in before- and after-school activity and extracurricular activities such as sports. Uncontrolled asthma has the potential to impact a student's self-confidence and social interactions...
May 1, 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548578/emotional-cognitive-and-behavioral-reactions-to-paranoid-symptoms-in-clinical-and-nonclinical-populations
#12
Célia Barreto Carvalho, Carolina da Motta, José Pinto-Gouveia, Ermelindo Manuel Bernardo Peixoto
BACKGROUND: Paranoia is a disruptive belief that can vary across a continuum, ranging from persecutory delusions presented in clinical settings to paranoid cognitions that are highly prevalent in the general population. The literature suggests that paranoid thoughts derive from the activation of a paranoid schema or information processing biases that can be sensitive to socially ambiguous stimuli and influence the processing of threatening situations. METHODS: Four groups (schizophrenic participants in active psychotic phases, n=61; stable participants in remission, n=30; participants' relatives, n=32; and, healthy controls, n=64) were assessed with self-report questionnaires to determine how the reactions to paranoia of clinical patients differ from healthy individuals...
2017: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548263/remembering-my-friends-medial-prefrontal-and-hippocampal-contributions-to-the-self-reference-effect-on-face-memories-in-a-social-context
#13
Rie Yamawaki, Kimihiro Nakamura, Toshihiko Aso, Yayoi Shigemune, Hidenao Fukuyama, Takashi Tsukiura
Memories associated with the self are remembered more accurately than those associated with others. The memory enhancement related to the self is known as the self-reference effect (SRE). However, little is known regarding the neural mechanisms underlying the SRE in a social context modulated by social relationships. In the present fMRI study, we investigated encoding-related activation of face memories encoded with the self-referential process in a social context that was manipulated by imagining a person-to-person relationship...
May 26, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548230/molecular-basis-of-social-competence-in-medaka-fish
#14
REVIEW
Teruhiro Okuyama, Saori Yokoi, Hideaki Takeuchi
Oryzias latipes (Medaka) is an established vertebrate model for studying developmental genetics, genomics, and evolutionary biology. The physiology, embryology, and genetics of this species have been extensively investigated for centuries. Medaka fish recently attracted attention in the field of social neuroscience. This review introduces recent advances in medaka behavioral studies, focusing on female mating preferences and male mate-guarding behaviors. The medaka female has the ability to discriminate male individuals and prefers to mate with socially familiar males (female mating preference)...
May 26, 2017: Development, Growth & Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547738/implementing-health-promotion-activities-using-community-engaged-approaches-in-asian-american-faith-based-organizations-in-new-york-city-and-new-jersey
#15
S C Kwon, S Patel, C Choy, J Zanowiak, C Rideout, S Yi, L Wyatt, M D Taher, M J Garcia-Dia, S S Kim, T K Denholm, R Kavathe, N S Islam
Faith-based organizations (FBOs) (e.g., churches, mosques, and gurdwaras) can play a vital role in health promotion. The Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health for Asian Americans (REACH FAR) Project is implementing a multi-level and evidence-based health promotion and hypertension (HTN) control program in faith-based organizations serving Asian American (AA) communities (Bangladeshi, Filipino, Korean, Asian Indian) across multiple denominations (Christian, Muslim, and Sikh) in New York/New Jersey (NY/NJ)...
May 25, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546651/activity-and-habitat-use-of-chimpanzees-pan-troglodytes-verus-in-the-anthropogenic-landscape-of-bossou-guinea-west-africa
#16
Nicola Bryson-Morrison, Joseph Tzanopoulos, Tetsuro Matsuzawa, Tatyana Humle
Many primate populations inhabit anthropogenic landscapes. Understanding their long-term ability to persist in such environments and associated real and perceived risks for both primates and people is essential for effective conservation planning. Primates in forest-agricultural mosaics often consume cultivars to supplement their diet, leading to potentially negative encounters with farmers. When crossing roads, primates also face the risk of encounters with people and collision with vehicles. Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) in Bossou, Guinea, West Africa, face such risks regularly...
2017: International Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546140/what-to-build-for-middle-agers-to-come-attractive-and-necessary-functions-of-exercise-promotion-mobile-phone-apps-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Gen-Yih Liao, Yu-Tai Chien, Yu-Jen Chen, Hsiao-Fang Hsiung, Hsiao-Jung Chen, Meng-Hua Hsieh, Wen-Jie Wu
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is important for middle-agers to maintain health both in middle age and in old age. Although thousands of exercise-promotion mobile phone apps are available for download, current literature offers little understanding regarding which design features can enhance middle-aged adults' quality perception toward exercise-promotion apps and which factor may influence such perception. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to understand (1) which design features of exercise-promotion apps can enhance quality perception of middle-agers, (2) whether their needs are matched by current functions offered in app stores, and (3) whether physical activity (PA) and mobile phone self-efficacy (MPSE) influence quality perception...
May 25, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546067/are-there-consistent-behavioral-differences-between-sexes-and-male-color-morphs-in-pelvicachromis-pulcher
#18
Cheryl M Sedlak Seaver, Peter L Hurd
Adult sex ratios in the kribensis cichlid (Pelvicachromis pulcher) are influenced by environmental conditions during early development. These environmental sex-determining factors may also organize life-long variation in social behavior within each sex. If this is true, then individual differences in behavior may be, at least in part, expressions of the relative strength of sexual differentiation of that individual. As adults, kribensis males take on one of four alternative color morphs. Males of the yellow morph tend toward breeding monogamously and are produced at higher frequency under female-biasing environmental conditions, while males of the red morph tend more towards breeding polygynously and are produced more frequently by male-biasing early environments...
May 10, 2017: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546058/the-role-of-il-6-in-neurodevelopment-after-prenatal-stress
#19
Serena B Gumusoglu, Rebecca S Fine, Samuel J Murray, Jada L Bittle, Hanna E Stevens
Prenatal stress exposure is associated with adverse psychiatric outcomes, including autism and ADHD, as well as locomotor and social inhibition and anxiety-like behaviors in animal offspring. Similarly, maternal immune activation also contributes to psychiatric risk and aberrant offspring behavior. The mechanisms underlying these outcomes are not clear. Offspring microglia and the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6), known to influence microglia, may serve as common mechanisms between prenatal stress and prenatal immune activation...
May 22, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545792/living-alone-and-activation-of-the-renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system-differential-effects-depending-on-alexithymic-personality-features
#20
Jan Terock, Anke Hannemann, Deborah Janowitz, Henry Völzke, Matthias Nauck, Harald-Jürgen Freyberger, Henri Wallaschofski, Hans Jörgen Grabe
OBJECTIVE: Living alone is considered as a chronic stress factor predicting different health conditions and particularly cardiovascular disease (CVD). Alexithymia is associated with increased psychological distress, less social skills and fewer close relationships, making alexithymic subjects particularly susceptible to chronic stress imposed by "living alone". Only few studies investigated the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system (RAAS) activity in response to chronic stress. We aimed at evaluating the effects of "living alone" as a paradigm for chronic stress on RAAS activity and putatively differential effects depending on alexithymic personality features...
May 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
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