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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738668/study-of-effects-of-multimodal-exercise-programme-on-physical-fitness-and-health-perception-in-community-living-hungarian-older-adults
#1
Anikó Virág, Izabella Harkányi, Csilla K Karóczi, Zsolt Vass, Éva Kovács
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects on fitness indicators and subjective health-perception of a multimodal exercise programme provided by a district in Budapest among community-living seniors. METHODS: Sixty community-living older adults aged over 60 years formed beginner group (who were at the beginning of the exercise programme), advanced group (who had been in the programme for 3-6 months), active group (who had been participating in the exercise programme for at least 6 months, in addition to Nordic Walking programme) and a physically inactive control group...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738526/the-potential-of-chrysophanol-in-protecting-against-high-fat-induced-cardiac-injury-through-nrf2-regulated-anti-inflammation-anti-oxidant-and-anti-fibrosis-in-nrf2-knockout-mice
#2
Yonggang Lian, Xiangjun Xia, Haiying Zhao, Yunfeng Zhu
Cardiovascular complications induced by high fat are one of the most challenging health problems presently. Oxidative stress, inflammation and fibrosis are major components included in the pathology of diabetic cardiomyopathy. Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) has been reported as an essential therapeutic target in various diseases for its induction of anti-oxidant enzymes, and other protective enzymes. Additionally, a number of Nrf2 activators showed strong anti-inflammatory properties. In the study, we calculated the Nrf2-dependent anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrosis effects of chrysophanol in high fat diet-induced diabetic heart injury...
July 19, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738397/effects-of-self-management-education-through-telephone-follow-up-in-diabetic-patients
#3
Mahmood Namjoo Nasab, Abbas Ghavam, Abbas Yazdanpanah, Fereidoun Jahangir, Nasrin Shokrpour
It is expected that the number of people living with diabetes rise especially in low- and middle-income countries. In Iran, more than four million adults have diabetes mellitus, and self-management education is essential for effective diabetes self-care. This study aimed to investigate the effect of self-management education with telephone follow-up in diabetic patients of rural areas of Fars province in Lamerd city, Iran. In this experimental study, 64 participants were randomly assigned to intervention and control groups (32 patients for each group)...
July 2017: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738330/the-brain-gut-axis-contributes-to-neuroprogression-in-stress-related-disorders
#4
Kieran Rea, Timothy G Dinan, John F Cryan
There is a growing emphasis on the relationship between the complexity and diversity of the microorganisms that inhabit our gut (human gastrointestinal microbiota) and brain health. The microbiota-gut-brain axis is a dynamic matrix of tissues and organs including the brain, glands, gut, immune cells, and gastrointestinal microbiota that communicate in a complex multidirectional manner to maintain homeostasis. Changes in this environment may contribute to the neuroprogression of stress-related disorders by altering physiological processes including hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activation, neurotransmitter systems, immune function, and inflammatory responses...
July 24, 2017: Modern Trends in Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738296/mental-distress-quality-of-life-and-social-support-in-recurrent-ovarian-cancer-patients-during-active-chemotherapy
#5
Qiang Wen, Zhuyan Shao, Ping Zhang, Tao Zhu, Dan Li, Shihua Wang
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are common sources of mental distress experienced by ovarian cancer patients. The purpose of this study was to identify changes in levels of mental distress during active chemotherapy, to characterize the impact of these changes on quality of life (QOL), and to study the potential buffering effect of social support in recurrent ovarian cancer patients. METHODS: Anxiety and depression were assessed at baseline and three months after initiation of active chemotherapy using hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS)...
July 6, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738269/an-anti-inflammatory-effect-of-red-microalga-polysaccharides-in-coronary-artery-endothelial-cells
#6
Oshrat Levy-Ontman, Mahmoud Huleihel, Rachel Hamias, Talya Wolak, Esther Paran
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Polysaccharides (PSs) produced by the red microalga Porphyridium sp. were reported to exhibit anti-inflammatory bioactivities in the human skin. The primary goal of the present research was to assess whether PSs attenuate inflammatory processes by interfering with tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)-induced inflammation, in human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs). METHODS: Functional and inflammatory markers were quantified in TNF-α-stimulated HCAECs, with and without pre-treatment with PSs...
July 16, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738173/simulating-the-meteorology-and-pm10-concentrations-in-arizona-dust-storms-with-the-weather-research-and-forecasting-model-with-chemistry-wrf-chem
#7
Peter Hyde, Alex Mahalov, Jialun Li
Nine dust storms in south-central Arizona, USA were simulated with the Weather Research and Forecasting with Chemistry model (WRF-Chem) at 2-km resolution. The windblown dust emission algorithm was the Air Force Weather Agency model. In comparison with ground-based PM10 observations, the model unevenly reproduces the dust storm events. The model adequately estimates the location and timing of the events, but it is unable to precisely replicate the magnitude and timing of the elevated hourly concentrations of particles 10 microns and smaller ([PM10])...
July 24, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738108/prevalence-course-and-associated-factors-of-pain-in-the-temporomandibular-joint-in-early-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-of-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#8
Jessica Ps Sem, Marike van der Leeden, Corine M Visscher, Karin Britsemmer, Samina A Turk, Joost Dekker, Dirkjan van Schaardenburg, Frank Lobbezoo
AIMS: To assess the prevalence, 3-year course, and associated factors of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain in patients with newly diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A total of 264 patients with newly diagnosed RA were included. Patients were assessed after 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, 1 year, 1.5 years, 2 years, and 3 years. TMJ pain was scored by manual palpation, and the prevalence of TMJ pain was calculated at baseline and at all seven follow-up intervals during 3 years...
July 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738105/psychosocial-and-behavioral-aspects-of-pain-and-perception-of-oral-health
#9
Miriane Lucindo Zucoloto, João Maroco, Juliana Alvares Campos
AIMS: To evaluate the contribution of the psychosocial and behavioral aspects of pain to the perception of oral health in a sample of Brazilian dental patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 436 patients who sought dental care in the School of Dentistry of São Paulo State University and who reported some type of orofacial pain. The study group's mean age (± standard deviation [SD]) was 39.9 ± 13.6 years, and the sample was 74.5% female. The Portuguese version of the Oral Health Impact Profile Short Form (OHIP-14) and the Multidimensional Pain Inventory (MPI) were used...
July 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737985/evaluation-of-patient-migration-patterns-and-related-health-care-costs-within-a-national-medicare-advantage-prescription-drug-plan-after-implementation-of-an-oxycodone-hcl-extended-release-access-restriction
#10
Chi-Chang Chen, Ajita P De, Brian Sweet, Rolin L Wade
BACKGROUND: Health plans use formulary restrictions (e.g., prior authorization, step therapy, tier change, nonformulary status) in an effort to control cost and promote quality, safety, and appropriate prescription utilization. Some Medicare payers perceive that the inclusion of certain agents, such as branded oxycodone HCl extended-release tablets (OERs), on their formularies is associated with attracting high-cost members to the plan. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate disenrollment rates, patient migration, and subsequent health care costs among OER users who disenrolled from a national Medicare Advantage Prescription Drug plan (study-MAPD) in the plan year following OER nonformulary restriction...
August 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737932/ins-and-outs-in-environmental-and-occupational-safety-studies-of-asthma-and-engineered-nanomaterials
#11
Marina A Dobrovolskaia, Michael R Shurin, Valerian E Kagan, Anna A Shvedova
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 25 million Americans suffer from asthma. The disease total annual cost is about $56 billion and includes both the direct and indirect costs of medications, hospital stays, missed work, and decreased productivity. Air pollution with xenobiotics, bacterial agents, and industrial nanomaterials, such as carbon nanotubes, contribute to the exacerbation of this condition and are a point of particular attention in environmental toxicology as well as in occupational health and safety research...
July 24, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737843/non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-nsaids-for-cancer-related-pain-in-children-and-adolescents
#12
REVIEW
Tess E Cooper, Lauren C Heathcote, Brian Anderson, Marie-Claude Grégoire, Gustaf Ljungman, Christopher Eccleston
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common feature of childhood and adolescence around the world, and for many young people, that pain is chronic. The World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for pharmacological treatments for persisting pain in children acknowledge that pain in children is a major public health concern of high significance in most parts of the world. Views on children's pain have changed over time and relief of pain is now seen as important. In the past, pain was largely dismissed and was frequently left untreated, and it was assumed that children quickly forgot about painful experiences...
July 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737718/experimental-study-on-the-health-benefits-of-garden-landscape
#13
Juyoung Lee
To mitigate the negative effects of modern cities on health, scientists are focusing on the diverse benefits of natural environments; a conceptual approach to use gardens for promoting human health is being attempted. In this study, the effects of the visual landscape of a traditional garden on psychological and physiological activities were investigated. Eighteen male and female adults participated in this indoor experiment (mean age, 26.7 years). Twelve different landscape images for city and garden were presented continuously for 90 s...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737638/a-bone-health-intervention-for-chinese-immigrants-in-santa-clara-county
#14
Joanne Zou, Michelle DeCoux Hampton, Kate Shade, Leonard Kaku
BACKGROUND: Among Chinese immigrants, osteoporosis is undertreated, misdiagnosed, and a leading cause of fragility fractures. In orthopaedic surgery departments, prevention education and health behavior change programs are necessary to improve their bone health. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of an osteoporosis prevention education program on participants' self-efficacy with regard to exercise and nutrition when provided by an orthopaedic surgery team during an annual Chinese Health Fair in Santa Clara County, CA...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737632/transgender-individuals-and-osteoporosis-prevention
#15
Carol A Sedlak, Cyndi Gale Roller, Manfred van Dulmen, Homood A Alharbi, Jessica D Sanata, Marci A Leifson, Amy J Veney, Hossam Alhawatmeh, Margaret OʼBryan Doheny
BACKGROUND: Risk behaviors and hormone use place transgender individuals (TIs) in jeopardy for osteoporosis. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to expand the science about the knowledge, health beliefs, and osteoporosis (OP) preventing behaviors of TIs. METHODS: This was a mixed-methods pilot study of a convenience sample of 31 TIs 30 years and older. Participants completed an online Osteoporosis Bone Health Survey. Fifteen participants were randomly selected for an interview to describe their perceptions of bone health...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737585/biomarkers-in-sports-and-exercise-tracking-health-performance-and-recovery-in-athletes
#16
Elaine C Lee, Maren S Fragala, Stavros A Kavouras, Robin M Queen, J Luke Pryor, Douglas J Casa
Biomarker discovery and validation is a critical aim of the medical and scientific community. Research into exercise and diet-related biomarkers aims to improve health, performance, and recovery in military personnel, athletes, and lay-persons. Exercise physiology research has identified individual biomarkers for assessing health, performance, and recovery during exercise training. However, there are few recommendations for biomarker panels for tracking changes in individuals participating in physical activity and exercise training programs...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737560/influence-of-large-volume-liposuction-on-metabolic-and-cardiovascular-health-a-systematic-review
#17
Alexander M Sailon, J Roscoe Wasserburg, Rochelle R Kling, Christina M Pasick, Peter J Taub
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggesting that adipose tissue is a metabolically active tissue has generated debate on the effects of large-volume liposuction (LVL) on metabolic and cardiovascular health. Given the inconsistency in the literature, the authors performed a systematic review to identify available evidence in order to elucidate the potential impact of LVL on metabolic markers and cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: A PubMed search using relevant keywords was conducted...
July 22, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737524/female-athlete-triad
#18
Meredith B Loveless
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The obstetrician/gynecologist (ob/gyn) may be the first provider to have the opportunity to recognize and diagnose female athlete triad. This review will help the ob/gyn to understand the female athlete triad and what is new on this topic, how to screen and diagnose the condition and the ob/gyn's role in treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Female athlete triad, also known as relative energy deficiency in sports, involves an interrelationship among energy availability, menstrual function and low bone density...
July 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737484/the-effect-of-fiber-and-prebiotics-on-children-s-gastrointestinal-disorders-and-microbiome
#19
Carrie A M Wegh, Margriet H C Schoterman, Elaine E Vaughan, Clara Belzer, Marc A Benninga
The bacteria received upon birth are the start of colonization of the approximately 10(14) bacteria that are present in the mature human gastrointestinal tract, better known as the microbiota. The gut microbiota is implicated in gastrointestinal health, nutrient metabolism and benefits such as prevention of infection. Dietary fiber, including prebiotics, escape digestion in the small intestine and reach the colon intact, where they are partially or completely fermented by the gut microbiota. Areas covered: The possible interactions between dietary fiber, prebiotics and microbiota are discussed as well as how this relates to functional gastrointestinal disorders...
July 24, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737469/social-and-economic-burden-of-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-and-quality-of-life-a-patient-web-based-study-gesprit
#20
F Wagenlehner, B Wullt, S Ballarini, D Zingg, K G Naber
Background Uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections (UTIs) occur in approximately 50% of women, and 20-30% experience recurrent UTI. Data on UTIs and quality of life (QoL) in Europe are limited. Methods This was an anonymous, self-administered web-based survey conducted in 5 countries (Germany, Switzerland, Poland, Russia and Italy), on adult women who had experienced recurrent UTI and were affected by acute UTI currently or within 4 weeks of study entry. Questions covered disease course; management; social and economic burden; education, income, and health insurance status...
July 24, 2017: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
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