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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778382/comparison-of-the-prevalence-of-chronic-endometritis-as-determined-by-means-of-different-diagnostic-methods-in-women-with-and-without-reproductive-failure
#1
Yingyu Liu, Xiaoyan Chen, Jin Huang, Chi-Chiu Wang, Mei-Yung Yu, Susan Laird, Tin-Chiu Li
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of chronic endometritis (CE) when different diagnostic methods are used. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University-affiliated hospital. PATIENT(S): Four groups of women were studied, including women with proven fertility (Fertile; n = 40), unexplained recurrent miscarriage (RM; n = 93), recurrent implantation failure (RIF; n = 39), and infertile subjects undergoing endometrial scratch in a natural cycle preceding frozen-thawed embryo transfer (Infertility; n = 48)...
May 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773536/ioc-consensus-statement-on-relative-energy-deficiency-in-sport-red-s-2018-update
#2
Margo Mountjoy, Jorunn Kaiander Sundgot-Borgen, Louise M Burke, Kathryn E Ackerman, Cheri Blauwet, Naama Constantini, Constance Lebrun, Bronwen Lundy, Anna Katarina Melin, Nanna L Meyer, Roberta T Sherman, Adam S Tenforde, Monica Klungland Torstveit, Richard Budgett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771168/international-olympic-committee-ioc-consensus-statement-on-relative-energy-deficiency-in-sport-red-s-2018-update
#3
Margo Mountjoy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766134/protocol-for-a-randomized-trial-of-the-effect-of-timing-of-cholecystectomy-during-initial-admission-for-predicted-mild-gallstone-pancreatitis-at-a-safety-net-hospital
#4
Krislynn M Mueck, Shuyan Wei, Mike K Liang, Tien C Ko, Jon E Tyson, Lillian S Kao
Background: There is evidence-based consensus for laparoscopic cholecystectomy during index admission for predicted mild gallstone pancreatitis, defined by the absence of organ failure and of local or systemic complications. However, the optimal timing for surgery within that admission is controversial. Early cholecystectomy may shorten hospital length of stay (LOS) and increase patient satisfaction. Alternatively, it may increase operative difficulty and complications resulting in readmissions...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764409/quadriceps-combined-with-hip-abductor-strengthening-versus-quadriceps-strengthening-in-treating-knee-osteoarthritis-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Yujie Xie, Chi Zhang, Wei Jiang, Juan Huang, Lili Xu, Guoyin Pang, Haiyan Tang, Ruyan Chen, Jihua Yu, Shengmin Guo, Fangyuan Xu, Jianxiong Wang
BACKGROUND: Lower limb strengthening, especially the quadriceps training, is of much necessity for patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Previous studies suggest that strengthening of the hip muscles, especially the hip abductor, can potentially relieve the KOA-associated symptoms. Nevertheless, the effects of quadriceps combined with hip abductor strengthening remain unclear. Therefore, the current randomized controlled trial is designed aiming to observe whether quadriceps in combination with hip abductor strengthening can better improve the function and reduce pain in KOA patients than quadriceps training alone...
May 15, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752385/the-phosphoinositide-phosphatase-sac1-regulates-cell-shape-and-microtubule-stability-in-the-developing-drosophila-eye
#6
Lauren M Del Bel, Nigel Griffiths, Ronit Wilk, Ho-Chun Wei, Anastasia Blagoveshchenskaya, Jason Burgess, Gordon Polevoy, James V Price, Peter Mayinger, Julie A Brill
Epithelial patterning in the developing Drosophila melanogaster eye requires the Neph1 homolog Roughest (Rst), an immunoglobulin family cell surface adhesion molecule expressed in interommatidial cells (IOC). Here, using a novel temperature-sensitive (ts) allele, we show that the phosphoinositide phosphatase Sac1 is also required for IOC patterning. sac1 ts mutants have rough eyes and retinal patterning defects that resemble rst mutants. sac1 ts retinas exhibit elevated levels of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI4P), consistent with the role of Sac1 as a PI4P phosphatase...
May 11, 2018: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729318/bioethanol-production-by-a-xylan-fermenting-thermophilic-isolate-clostridium-strain-dbt-ioc-dc21
#7
Nisha Singh, Munish Puri, Deepak K Tuli, Ravi P Gupta, Colin J Barrow, Anshu S Mathur
To overcome the challenges associated with combined bioprocessing of lignocellulosic biomass to biofuel, finding good organisms is essential. An ethanol producing bacteria DBT-IOC-DC21 was isolated from a compost site via preliminary enrichment culture on a pure hemicellulosic substrate and identified as a Clostridium strain by 16S rRNA analysis. This strain presented broad substrate spectrum with ethanol, acetate, lactate, and hydrogen as the primary metabolic end products. The optimum conditions for ethanol production were found to be an initial pH of 7...
May 2, 2018: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722074/analysis-of-caudate-lobe-biliary-anatomy-and-its-implications-in-living-donor-liver-transplantation-a-single-centre-prospective-study
#8
Kausar Makki, Vishal Chorasiya, Ajitabh Srivastava, Ashish Singhal, Arif Ali Khan, Vivek Vij
Biliary complications are a significant cause of morbidity after living donor liver transplant (LDLT). Bile leak may occur from bile duct (anastomotic site in recipient and repaired bile duct stump in donor), cystic duct stump, cut surface pedicles or from divided caudate ducts. The first three sites are amenable to post-operative endoscopic stenting as they are in continuation with biliary ductal system. However, leaks from divided isolated caudate ducts can be stubborn. To minimize caudate duct bile leaks, it is important to understand the anatomy of hilum with attention to the caudate lobe biliary drainage...
May 2, 2018: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675595/involvement-of-cytosolic-and-mitochondrial-iron-in-iron-overload-cardiomyopathy-an-update
#9
REVIEW
Richard Gordan, Suwakon Wongjaikam, Judith K Gwathmey, Nipon Chattipakorn, Siriporn C Chattipakorn, Lai-Hua Xie
Iron overload cardiomyopathy (IOC) is a major cause of death in patients with diseases associated with chronic anemia such as thalassemia or sickle cell disease after chronic blood transfusions. Associated with iron overload conditions, there is excess free iron that enters cardiomyocytes through both L- and T-type calcium channels thereby resulting in increased reactive oxygen species being generated via Haber-Weiss and Fenton reactions. It is thought that an increase in reactive oxygen species contributes to high morbidity and mortality rates...
April 19, 2018: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615692/an-inverse-optimal-control-approach-to-explain-human-arm-reaching-control-based-on-multiple-internal-models
#10
Ozgur S Oguz, Zhehua Zhou, Stefan Glasauer, Dirk Wollherr
Human motor control is highly efficient in generating accurate and appropriate motor behavior for a multitude of tasks. This paper examines how kinematic and dynamic properties of the musculoskeletal system are controlled to achieve such efficiency. Even though recent studies have shown that the human motor control relies on multiple models, how the central nervous system (CNS) controls this combination is not fully addressed. In this study, we utilize an Inverse Optimal Control (IOC) framework in order to find the combination of those internal models and how this combination changes for different reaching tasks...
April 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589768/ioc-consensus-statement-dietary-supplements-and-the-high-performance-athlete
#11
Ronald J Maughan, Louise M Burke, Jiri Dvorak, D Enette Larson-Meyer, Peter Peeling, Stuart M Phillips, Eric S Rawson, Neil P Walsh, Ina Garthe, Hans Geyer, Romain Meeusen, Luc van Loon, Susan M Shirreffs, Lawrence L Spriet, Mark Stuart, Alan Vernec, Kevin Currell, Vidya M Ali, Richard G M Budgett, Arne Ljungqvist, Margo Mountjoy, Yannis Pitsiladis, Torbjørn Soligard, Uğur Erdener, Lars Engebretsen
Nutrition usually makes a small but potentially valuable contribution to successful performance in elite athletes, and dietary supplements can make a minor contribution to this nutrition program. Nonetheless, supplement use is widespread at all levels of sport. Products described as supplements target different issues, including the management of micronutrient deficiencies, supply of convenient forms of energy and macronutrients, and provision of direct benefits to performance or indirect benefits such as supporting intense training regimens...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555524/intraoperative-cholangiography-during-cholecystectomy-in-sequential-treatment-of-cholecystocholedocholithiasis-to-be-or-not-to-be-that-is-the-question-a-cohort-study
#12
Antonia Rizzuto, Massimiliano Fabozzi, Anna Settembre, Stefano Reggio, Ernesto Tartaglia, Salomone Di Saverio, Piero Angelini, Vania Silvestri, Chiara Mignogna, Raffaele Serra, Stefano De Franciscis, Leonardo De Luca, Diego Cuccurullo, Francesco Corcione
BACKGROUND: Choledocholithiasis occurs in 10-15% of patients with cholecystolithiasis. Despite the existence of many therapeutic options for the treatment of cholecystocholedocholithiasis, a sequential treatment in which pre-operative ERCP is combined with intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) and laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), is the most commonly accepted strategy. However, use of IOC in the "splitting treatment" of cholecystocholedocholithiasis is controversial. The aim of the present study is to investigate the utility of IOC in detecting residual stones in patients undergoing LC in the sequential treatment of common biliary duct or gallbladder stones...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543671/iron-overload-cardiomyopathy-from-diagnosis-to-management
#13
Carles Díez-López, Josep Comín-Colet, José González-Costello
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Iron overload cardiomyopathy (IOC) is an important predictor of prognosis in a significant number of patients with hereditary hemochromatosis and hematologic diseases. Its prevalence is increasing because of improved treatment strategies, which significantly improve life expectancy. We will review diagnosis, treatment, and recent findings in the field. RECENT FINDINGS: The development of preclinical translational disease models during the last years have helped our understanding of specific disease pathophysiological pathways that might eventually change the outcomes of these patients...
March 14, 2018: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541824/impact-of-jaundice-on-outcomes-following-emergency-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-in-patients-with-choledocholithiasis
#14
Benjamin R Poh, Paul A Cashin, Daniel G Croagh
INTRODUCTION: Traditional teaching dictates that it may not be prudent to take the jaundiced patient to theatre for emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy as they may experience worse outcomes following surgery. METHODS: A prospective cohort of 104 patients undergoing emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy was stratified into two groups using a serum total bilirubin of above 50 μmol/L (2.9 mg/dL) to define the jaundiced group. Primary outcomes were morbidity and mortality rate...
March 14, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540368/ioc-medical-and-scientific-commission-reviews-its-position-on-the-use-of-dietary-supplements-by-elite-athletes
#15
EDITORIAL
Ronald John Maughan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540367/ioc-consensus-statement-dietary-supplements-and-the-high-performance-athlete
#16
Ronald J Maughan, Louise M Burke, Jiri Dvorak, D Enette Larson-Meyer, Peter Peeling, Stuart M Phillips, Eric S Rawson, Neil P Walsh, Ina Garthe, Hans Geyer, Romain Meeusen, Lucas J C van Loon, Susan M Shirreffs, Lawrence L Spriet, Mark Stuart, Alan Vernec, Kevin Currell, Vidya M Ali, Richard Gm Budgett, Arne Ljungqvist, Margo Mountjoy, Yannis P Pitsiladis, Torbjørn Soligard, Uğur Erdener, Lars Engebretsen
Nutrition usually makes a small but potentially valuable contribution to successful performance in elite athletes, and dietary supplements can make a minor contribution to this nutrition programme. Nonetheless, supplement use is widespread at all levels of sport. Products described as supplements target different issues, including (1) the management of micronutrient deficiencies, (2) supply of convenient forms of energy and macronutrients, and (3) provision of direct benefits to performance or (4) indirect benefits such as supporting intense training regimens...
April 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522196/optimality-and-identification-of-dynamic-models-in-systems-biology-an-inverse-optimal-control-framework
#17
Nikolaos Tsiantis, Eva Balsa-Canto, Julio R Banga
Motivation: Optimality principles have been used to explain many biological processes and systems. However, the functions being optimized are in general unknown a priori. Here we present an inverse optimal control (IOC) framework for modeling dynamics in systems biology. The objective is to identify the underlying optimality principle from observed time-series data and simultaneously estimate unmeasured time-dependent inputs and time-invariant model parameters. As a special case, we also consider the problem of optimal simultaneous estimation of inputs and parameters from noisy data...
March 7, 2018: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508018/esska-partners-and-the-ioc-join-forces-to-improve-children-acl-treatment
#18
EDITORIAL
Romain Seil, Daniel Theisen, Håvard Moksnes, Lars Engebretsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497853/complications-in-adult-spine-deformity-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-the-recent-literature-with-reporting-of-aggregated-incidences
#19
REVIEW
Andrea Zanirato, Marco Damilano, Matteo Formica, Andrea Piazzolla, Alessio Lovi, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Pedro Berjano
PURPOSE: To review the incidence of perioperative and late complications of surgery for spinal deformity (ASD). METHODS: Review of the literature. We reviewed recent literature in English to investigate the incidence of complications in ASD surgery in the perioperative (≤ 3 months post-operative) and late (> 3 months post-operative) periods. Randomized-controlled trials, non-randomized trials, cohort studies, case-control studies, and case series published in 2005 or later were included...
March 1, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486001/comparison-of-nrem-sleep-and-intravenous-sedation-through-local-information-processing-and-whole-brain-network-to-explore-the-mechanism-of-general-anesthesia
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Yun Li, Shengpei Wang, Chuxiong Pan, Fushan Xue, Junfang Xian, Yaqi Huang, Xiaoyi Wang, Tianzuo Li, Huiguang He
BACKGROUND: The mechanism of general anesthesia (GA) has been explored for hundreds of years, but unclear. Previous studies indicated a possible correlation between NREM sleep and GA. The purpose of this study is to compare them by in vivo human brain function to probe the neuromechanism of consciousness, so as to find out a clue to GA mechanism. METHODS: 24 healthy participants were equally assigned to sleep or propofol sedation group by sleeping ability. EEG and Ramsay Sedation Scale were applied to determine sleep stage and sedation depth respectively...
2018: PloS One
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