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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520575/predictors-of-bile-tree-pathology-in-patients-presenting-with-gallbladder-disease
#1
Mahmoud A Rahal, Mohammad O Rammal, Walid Karaoui, Ali Hallal, Hani Tamim, Yasser Shaib
BACKGROUND: Patients with gallstone disease can present with elevated liver function tests (LFTs). It is often challenging to differentiate those with a common bile duct (CBD) stone from those without a CBD stone on the basis of the LFTs levels. In this study, we aim to evaluate the predictors of a CBD stones among patients presenting with symptomatic gallbladder disease and elevated LFTs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively examined all patients who had undergone a cholecystectomy between January 2010 and December 2015...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484186/index-of-convexity-a-novel-method-for-assessing-liver-functional-reserve-using-technetium-99m-galactosyl-human-serum-albumin-liver-scintigraphy
#2
Takafumi Sato, Junichi Arita, Yosuke Inoue, Rintaro Koga, Yu Takahashi, Akio Saiura
Preoperative evaluation of liver functional reserve is important in hepatobiliary surgery. Although the indocyanine green retention rate at 15 minutes (ICG-R15) is the gold standard for this purpose, a new method without technical complexity would be preferable. We assessed the usefulness of the previously established index of convexity (IOC). In total, 159 consecutive patients who underwent both technetium-99m-galactosyl human serum albumin ((99m)Tc-GSA) scintigraphy and the ICG-R15 were included. Correlation coefficients between indices from (99m)Tc-GSA scintigraphy and blood examinations including ICG-R15 were evaluated, and a conversion formula from the IOC to the ICG-R15 was established...
May 8, 2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428811/role-of-intraoperative-cholangiography-for-detecting-residual-stones-after-biliary-pancreatitis-still-useful-a-retrospective-study
#3
Abdelrahman Abdelaal, Moamena El-Matbouly, Ibnouf Sulieman, Ahmad Elfaki, Tamer El-Bakary, Sherif Abdelaziem, Salahdin Gehani, Adriana Toro, Isidoro Di Carlo
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) may detect residual stones in the common bile duct (CBD) after acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP). The aim of the present study is to analyze the utility of IOC in detecting residual stones in patients undergoing cholecystectomy for ABP and if complications are related with this procedure. METHODS: Demographic and clinical factors were assessed in patients with mild ABP who underwent IOC during laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401382/first-application-of-newly-developed-ft-nir-spectroscopic-methodology-to-predict-authenticity-of-extra-virgin-olive-oil-retail-products-in-the-usa
#4
Magdi M Mossoba, Hormoz Azizian, Ali Reza Fardin-Kia, Sanjeewa R Karunathilaka, John K G Kramer
Economically motivated adulteration (EMA) of extra virgin olive oils (EVOO) has been a worldwide problem and a concern for government regulators for a long time. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is mandated to protect the US public against intentional adulteration of foods and has jurisdiction over deceptive label declarations. To detect EMA of olive oil and address food safety vulnerabilities, we used a previously developed rapid screening methodology to authenticate EVOO. For the first time, a recently developed FT-NIR spectroscopic methodology in conjunction with partial least squares analysis was applied to commercial products labeled EVOO purchased in College Park, MD, USA to rapidly predict whether they are authentic, potentially mixed with refined olive oil (RO) or other vegetable oil(s), or are of lower quality...
April 11, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399935/prospective-clinical-study-of-rehabilitation-interventions-with-multisensory-interactive-training-in-patients-with-cerebral-infarction-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Wai Leung Ambrose Lo, Yu Rong Mao, Le Li, Ai Hua Lin, Jiang Li Zhao, Ling Chen, Qiang Lin, Hai Li, Dong Feng Huang
BACKGROUND: Multisensory interactive training has an increasingly prominent role in stroke rehabilitation. Currently, there is insufficient evidence to demonstrate its efficacy on gait improvement, upper limb and lower limb functional improvement, global motor function and cognitive improvement. A recent Cochrane review confirmed that published studies on virtual reality (VR) training have the limitations of lack of powered sample size, did not evaluate the benefits over a long-term period and lacked trial quality on cognitive function...
April 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395052/assessment-of-the-intraoperative-consultation-service-rendered-by-general-pathologists-in-a-scenario-where-a-well-defined-decision-algorithm-is-followed
#6
Mahmoud A Khalifa, Sherine Salama, Rachel I Vogel, Molly E Klein, James Richter, Tanya Pulver, Sally A Mullany, Boris Winterhoff
Objectives: Intraoperative consultation (IOC) remains an area of general practice even within subspecialized pathology departments. This study assesses the IOCs rendered in a general pathology setting where surgeons integrate these results in a well-defined algorithm, developed with the input of specialized pathologists. Methods: The surgical decisions to perform lymphadenectomy in patients with endometrial adenocarcinoma operated on at our institution between January 2003 and June 2015 as a result of the IOC assessment of tumor size, histologic grade, and depth of invasion in the hysterectomy specimen were analyzed...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381771/oil-characteristics-of-four-palestinian-olive-varieties
#7
Enrico Maria Lodolini, Serena Polverigiani, Saed Ali, Mohammed Mutawea, Mayyada Qutub, Taysir Arabasi, Fabio Pierini, Mohammed Abed, Davide Neri
Olive oil represents an important source of income for Palestinian farmers in local, national and international markets. Sometimes, olive oil produced in local climatic conditions, does not achieve the International Olive Council (IOC) trade standards so that international markets are precluded. The oil chemical composition and sensory profile of four Palestinian olive varieties (Nabali Baladi, Nabali Mohassan, Souri and K18) were characterized in 2010 throughout an in situ evaluation. Most of the physic-chemical characteristics and the fatty acid composition of the varieties met the International Olive Council trade standards (IOC-TS) for extra virgin olive oils...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359270/preliminary-experience-with-laparoscopic-common-bile-duct-exploration
#8
Asaad F Salama, Mohamed E Abd Ellatif, Hesham Abd Elaziz, Alaa Magdy, Hisham Rizk, Magdy Basheer, Wisam Jamal, Ibrahim Dawoud, Ayman El Nakeeb
BACKGROUND: Herein we present our experience with laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) in managing common bile duct stones. METHODS: Data of 129 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and LCBDE done at our institutes from April 2011 through June 2016 were prospectively recorded and retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Since 2011, 3012 laparoscopic cholecystectomy were performed at our institutes, intraoperative cholangiogram (IOC) was done in 295 (9...
March 31, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352250/characteristics-of-quinolone-resistance-in-salmonella-spp-isolates-from-the-food-chain-in-brazil
#9
Bruno R Pribul, Marcia L Festivo, Marcelle S Rodrigues, Renata G Costa, Elizabeth C Dos P Rodrigues, Miliane M S de Souza, Dalia Dos P Rodrigues
Salmonella spp. is an important zoonotic pathogen related to foodborne diseases. Despite that quinolones/fluoroquinolones are considered a relevant therapeutic strategy against resistant isolates, the increase in antimicrobial resistance is an additional difficulty in controlling bacterial infections caused by Salmonella spp. Thus, the acquisition of resistance to quinolones in Salmonella spp. is worrisome to the scientific community along with the possibility of transmission of resistance through plasmids...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344648/cellulosic-ethanol-production-via-consolidated-bioprocessing-by-a-novel-thermophilic-anaerobic-bacterium-isolated-from-a-himalayan-hot-spring
#10
Nisha Singh, Anshu S Mathur, Deepak K Tuli, Ravi P Gupta, Colin J Barrow, Munish Puri
BACKGROUND: Cellulose-degrading thermophilic anaerobic bacterium as a suitable host for consolidated bioprocessing (CBP) has been proposed as an economically suited platform for the production of second-generation biofuels. To recognize the overall objective of CBP, fermentation using co-culture of different cellulolytic and sugar-fermenting thermophilic anaerobic bacteria has been widely studied as an approach to achieving improved ethanol production. We assessed monoculture and co-culture fermentation of novel thermophilic anaerobic bacterium for ethanol production from real substrates under controlled conditions...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323241/the-safety-efficacy-and-cost-effectiveness-of-intraoperative-cell-salvage-in-metastatic-spine-tumour-surgery
#11
Mahmoud Elmalky, Naveed Yasin, Ricardo Rodrigues-Pinto, John Stephenson, Craig Carroll, Glyn Smurthwaite, Rajat Verma, Saeed Mohammad, Irfan Siddique
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Metastatic spine tumour surgery (MSTS) is associated with substantial blood loss therefore leading to high morbidity and mortality. While intraoperative cell salvage with leucocyte depletion filter (IOCS-LDF) has been studied as an effective mean of reducing blood loss in other surgical settings, including the spine, no study has yet analysed the efficacy of re-infusion of salvaged blood in reducing the need for allogenic blood transfusion in patients who have had surgery for MSTS...
March 17, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301152/characterization-and-discrimination-of-oueslati-virgin-olive-oils-from-adult-and-young-trees-in-different-ripening-stages-using-sterols-pigments-and-alcohols-in-tandem-with-chemometrics
#12
Fatma Chtourou, Hazem Jabeur, Ayda Lazzez, Mohamed Bouaziz
Dynamics of squalene, sterol, aliphatic alcohol, pigment, and triterpenic diol accumulations in olive oils from adult and young trees of the Oueslati cultivar were studied for two consecutive years, 2013-2014 and 2014-2015. Data were compared statistically for differences by age of trees, maturation of olive, and year of harvesting. Results showed that the mean campesterol content in olive oil from adult trees at the green stage of maturation was significantly (p < 0.02) above the limit established by IOC legislation...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298935/cardioprotection-of-electroacupuncture-for-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-on-patients-undergoing-heart-valve-replacement-with-cardiopulmonary-bypass-a-randomized-control-clinical-trial
#13
Fangxiang Zhang, Xiangdi Yu, Hong Xiao
We attempted to investigate cardioprotection of electroacupuncture (EA) for enhanced recovery after surgery on patients undergoing heart valve replacement with cardiopulmonary bypass. Forty-four patients with acquired heart valve replacement were randomly allocated to the EA group or the control group. Patients in the EA group received EA stimulus at bilateral Neiguan (PC6), Ximen (PC4), Shenting (GV24), and Baihui (GV20) acupoints twenty minutes before anesthesia induction to the end of surgery. The primary end point was cardioprotection effect of electroacupuncture postoperatively and the secondary endpoints were quality of recovery and cognitive functioning postoperatively...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262629/-results-of-cholecystectomies-2003-2010-in-a-small-hospital-in-iceland
#14
Marta Ros Berndsen, Fritz Hendrik Berndsen
AIM: Cholecystectomy is a common procedure in general surgery. The aim of this study was to retrospectivly assess the results of cholecystectomies performed in Akranes Hospital (AH), a small hospital in Iceland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study included all patients that underwent a cholecystectomy in AH from 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2010. Patient records were reviewed from AH, as well as from Landspitali University Hospital and Domus Medica. RESULTS: 378 operations were performed...
2017: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256705/the-centrifugal-visual-system-of-a-palaeognathous-bird-the-chilean-tinamou-nothoprocta-perdicaria
#15
Quirin Krabichler, Tomas Vega-Zuniga, Denisse Carrasco, Maximo Fernandez, Cristián Gutiérrez-Ibáñez, Gonzalo Marín, Harald Luksch
The avian centrifugal visual system, which projects from the brain to the retina, has been intensively studied in several Neognathous birds that have a distinct isthmo-optic nucleus (ION). However, birds of the order Palaeognathae seem to lack a proper ION in histologically stained brain sections. We had previously reported in the palaeognathous Chilean Tinamou (Nothoprocta perdicaria) that intraocular injections of Cholera Toxin B subunit retrogradely label a considerable number of neurons, which form a diffuse isthmo-optic complex (IOC)...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224425/mechanism-of-dynamic-near-infrared-fluorescence-cholangiography-of-extrahepatic-bile-ducts-and-applications-in-detecting-bile-duct-injuries-using-indocyanine-green-in-animal-models
#16
Yang Gao, Min Li, Zi-Fang Song, Le Cui, Bi-Rong Wang, Xiao-Ding Lou, Tao Zhou, Yong Zhang, Qi-Chang Zheng
Fluorescence intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) is a potential alternative for identifying anatomical variation and preventing iatrogenic bile duct injuries by using the near-infrared probe indocyanine green (ICG). However, the dynamic process and mechanism of fluorescence IOC have not been elucidated in previous publications. Herein, the optical properties of the complex of ICG and bile, dynamic fluorescence cholangiography and iatrogenic bile duct injuries were investigated. The emission spectrum of ICG in bile peaked at 844 nm and ICG had higher tissue penetration...
February 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214217/malignant-tumors-associated-with-ovarian-mature-teratoma-a-single-institution-experience
#17
Levent Trabzonlu, Guray Durmaz, Cigdem Vural, Bahar Muezzinoglu, Aydin Corakci
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study are to present demographical features of cases diagnosed with malignant tumor associated with ovarian mature teratoma and to analyze histopathological features and clinical follow up of these tumors. STUDY DESIGN: Single-institution retrospective charts were reviewed to identify all cases of ovarian mature teratoma diagnosed from 1998 to 2015. Clinicopathological parameters that were analyzed include age, tumor size, tumor stage, histological type, laterality, IOC diagnosis and whether or not patient has received adjuvant chemotherapy...
January 22, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174126/accuracy-of-asge-high-risk-criteria-in-evaluation-of-patients-with-suspected-common-bile-duct-stones
#18
Huiqin He, Chenfei Tan, Jiaguo Wu, Ning Dai, Weiling Hu, Yawen Zhang, Loren Laine, James Scheiman, John J Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: ERCP is recommended for patients considered high risk for choledocholithiasis after biochemical testing and abdominal US. Our aim was to determine whether the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) guidelines accurately select patients for whom the risk of ERCP is justified. METHODS: Consecutive patients hospitalized with suspected choledocholithiasis at Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital who received biochemical testing, abdominal US, and definitive testing for choledocholithiasis (MRCP, EUS, ERCP, intraoperative cholangiogram, and/or common bile duct [CBD] exploration) were identified...
February 4, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145925/anatomical-study-of-the-infraorbital-nerve-and-surrounding-structures-for-the-surgery-of-orbital-floor-fractures
#19
YongSeok Nam, Sujin Bahk, SuRak Eo
The infraorbital nerve (ION) can easily be damaged by orbital trauma and periorbital surgical manipulations, due to its abutment to the orbital floor. Anatomic variability of the ION and surrounding structures has infrequently been documented. The aim of this study is to give precise anatomical knowledge about the ION with surrounding structures, to avoid iatrogenic injury of the ION during periorbital procedures.Forty orbits of 40 skull subjects (20 males and 20 females) were studied to analyze structures around the ION...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144745/intraoperative-colonoscopy-for-the-assessment-and-prevention-of-anastomotic-leakage-in-low-anterior-resection-for-rectal-cancer
#20
Seung Yoon Yang, Jeonghee Han, Yoon Dae Han, Min Soo Cho, Hyuk Hur, Kang Young Lee, Nam Kyu Kim, Byung Soh Min
PURPOSE: Anastomotic leakage (AL) after stapled anastomosis in rectal cancer surgery is a major concern. Various types of intraoperative anastomotic air leakage tests (ALTs) have been proposed to reduce AL. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of intraoperative colonoscopy (IOC) as an intraoperative ALT in low anterior resection for rectal cancer. METHODS: A total of 1266 patients were retrospectively reviewed. Among them, 215 patients who underwent IOC as an ALT in rectal cancer surgery were identified...
May 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
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