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Psychological trauma in ed

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624725/narratives-in-the-immediate-aftermath-of-traumatic-injury-markers-of-ongoing-depressive-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#1
Jordan A Booker, Matthew E Graci, Lauren A Hudak, Tanja Jovanovic, Barbara O Rothbaum, Kerry J Ressler, Robyn Fivush, Jennifer Stevens
In this study, we considered connections between the content of immediate trauma narratives and longitudinal trajectories of negative symptoms to address questions about the timing and predictive value of collected trauma narratives. Participants (N = 68) were individuals who were admitted to the emergency department of a metropolitan hospital and provided narrative recollections of the traumatic event that brought them into the hospital that day. They were then assessed at intervals over the next 12 months for depressive and posttraumatic symptom severity...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611779/the-association-of-metacognitive-beliefs-with-emotional-distress-and-trauma-symptoms-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-survivors-of-cancer
#2
Peter L Fisher, Kirsten McNicol, Mary Gemma Cherry, Bridget Young, Ed Smith, Gareth Abbey, Peter Salmon
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: Adolescent and young adults who have survived cancer are at an increased risk of psychological distress. This study investigated whether metacognitive beliefs are associated with emotional distress and trauma symptoms in adolescent and young adult (AYA) survivors of cancer independent of known covariates, including current physical health difficulties. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey using multiple self-report measures. SAMPLE AND METHODS: Eighty-seven AYA survivors of cancer were recruited from follow-up appointments at an oncology unit and completed self-report questionnaires measuring emotional distress, posttraumatic stress symptoms, metacognitive beliefs, demographic information, and current physical health difficulties...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513381/the-association-between-daily-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-pain-over-the-first-14-days-after-injury-an-experience-sampling-study
#3
Maria L Pacella, Jeffrey M Girard, Aidan G C Wright, Brian Suffoletto, Clifton W Callaway
OBJECTIVES: Psychosocial factors and responses to injury modify the transition from acute to chronic pain. Specifically, posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSS; reexperiencing, avoidance, and hyperarousal symptoms) exacerbate and co-occur with chronic pain. Yet no study has prospectively considered the associations among these psychological processes and pain reports using experience sampling methods (ESM) during the acute aftermath of injury. This study applied ESM via daily text messaging to monitor and detect relationships among psychosocial factors and post-injury pain across the first 14-days after emergency department (ED) discharge...
March 7, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434169/different-patterns-in-abdominal-stab-wound-in-the-self-inflicted-and-assaulted-patients-an-observational-analysis-of-single-center-experience
#4
Takeshi Nishimura, Hiroyuki Sakata, Taihei Yamada, Mariko Terashima, Kunihiro Shirai, Isamu Yamada, Joji Kotani
Patterns of penetrating abdominal stab wounds (ASW) may be different according to the mechanism of injury. The purpose of this study was to review and characterize penetrating abdominal stab wounds in self-inflicted wound patients and assaulted patients. We retrospectively analyzed patients with ASW who were admitted to our emergency department from 2007 to 2015. The patients were divided into two groups: self-inflicted wound group and assaulted group. There were 46 stabbing cases in 45 different patients (25 males, 21 females; average age 47 y, range 21 to 85 y)...
July 20, 2017: Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402717/the-relationship-between-workplace-violence-perceptions-of-safety-and-professional-quality-of-life-among-emergency-department-staff-members-in-a-level-1-trauma-centre
#5
Darcy Copeland, Melissa Henry
BACKGROUND: Emergency department staff members are frequently exposed to workplace violence which may have physical, psychological, and workforce related consequences. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between exposure to workplace violence, tolerance to violence, expectations of violence, perceptions of workplace safety, and Professional Quality of Life (compassion satisfaction - CS, burnout - BO, secondary traumatic stress - STS) among emergency department staff members...
February 2, 2018: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299902/role-of-penile-prosthesis-in-priapism-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Amit G Reddy, Laith M Alzweri, Andrew T Gabrielson, Gabriel Leinwand, Wayne J G Hellstrom
Ischemic priapism is a urological emergency that has been associated with long-standing and irreversible adverse effects on erectile function. Studies have demonstrated a linear relationship between the duration of critically ischemic episodes and the subsequent development of corporal fibrosis and irreversible erectile function loss. Placement of a penile prosthesis is a well-established therapeutic option for the management of erectile dysfunction secondary to ischemic priapism, and will be the focus of this review...
January 2018: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170347/50-how-can-informal-support-impact-child-ptsd-symptoms-following-a-psychological-trauma
#7
Sarah Halligan
BACKGROUND: An estimated 20% of children who present to hospital emergency departments following potentially traumatic events (e.g., serious injuries, road traffic accidents, assaults) will develop post-traumatic stress disorder as a consequence. The development of PTSD can have a substantial impact on a child's developmental trajectory, including their emotional, social and educational wellbeing. Despite this, only a small proportion will access mental health services, with the majority relying on informal sources of support...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993816/psychological-and-psychobiological-responses-to-immediate-early-intervention-in-the-emergency-department-case-report-of-one-session-exposure-therapy-for-the-prevention-of-ptsd
#8
Loren M Post, Vasiliki Michopoulos, Jennifer S Stevens, Renuka Reddy, Jessica L Maples, Jessica R Morgan, Alex O Rothbaum, Tanja Jovanovic, Kerry J Ressler, Barbara O Rothbaum
Research suggests that exposure therapy provided in the hours immediately following trauma exposure may prevent PTSD development. This case report presents data on an at-risk for PTSD participant involved in a motor-vehicle crash that caused her severe distress. She received one session of exposure therapy in the emergency department (ED) as part of an ongoing randomized controlled study examining the optimal dose of exposure therapy in the immediate aftermath of trauma. PTSD and depression measures were collected at pre-treatment assessment and one- and three-month follow-up...
2017: Practice Innovations (Washington, D.C.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749158/a-wait-list-controlled-study-of-a-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-intermittent-explosive-disorder-in-timor-leste
#9
Kalhari Hewage, Zachary Steel, Mohammed Mohsin, Alvin Kuowei Tay, Jose Carlos De Oliveira, Marcio Da Piedade, Natalino Tam, Derrick Silove
We tested a trauma-focused, cognitive-behavior therapy treatment (TF-CBT-anger) for intermittent explosive disorder (IED) and related dimensions of anger adapted to the local culture in postconflict Timor-Leste. The intention-to-treat sample (n = 78) comprised Timorese nationals (women = 49; men = 29), ages 18 years and older, meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.) criteria for IED, with equal numbers (n = 39 each) being randomized to the treatment group (TG) and wait-list (WL)...
July 27, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653646/early-predictors-of-outcome-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-upfront-an-observational-cohort-study
#10
Joukje van der Naalt, Marieke E Timmerman, Myrthe E de Koning, Harm J van der Horn, Myrthe E Scheenen, Bram Jacobs, Gerard Hageman, Tansel Yilmaz, Gerwin Roks, Jacoba M Spikman
BACKGROUND: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) accounts for most cases of TBI, and many patients show incomplete long-term functional recovery. We aimed to create a prognostic model for functional outcome by combining demographics, injury severity, and psychological factors to identify patients at risk for incomplete recovery at 6 months. In particular, we investigated additional indicators of emotional distress and coping style at 2 weeks above early predictors measured at the emergency department...
July 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422894/impact-of-telephone-based-problem-solving-treatment-on-the-use-of-medical-and-psychological-services-in-the-military
#11
John S Richardson, Jesse R Fann, Kathleen R Bell, Nancy Temkin
OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of problem-solving treatment (PST) for mild traumatic brain injury in active duty service members on the use of medical and psychological services. PARTICIPANTS: Service members who had a mild traumatic brain injury during their last deployment and enrolled in the CONcussion Treatment After Combat Trauma (CONTACT) study. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial. Participants were assigned to telephone-based PST, or e-mailed or mailed education only over the course of 6 months...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407156/enhancing-care-models-to-capture-psychological-trauma
#12
Mary Suzanne Balch, Jo Loomis
Toxic levels of stress in childhood are an ongoing threat to public health. Traumatized children have special needs for health care to address their developmental, mental health, and medical problems, and mitigate risk for long-term health problems. Developmental trauma leads to increased use of medical, social, correctional, and mental health services. Longitudinal and retrospective studies link childhood trauma and adversity to academic difficulties, poor health, and low economic productivity in adulthood...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348380/preventing-intrusive-memories-after-trauma-via-a-brief-intervention-involving-tetris-computer-game-play-in-the-emergency-department-a-proof-of-concept-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
L Iyadurai, S E Blackwell, R Meiser-Stedman, P C Watson, M B Bonsall, J R Geddes, A C Nobre, E A Holmes
After psychological trauma, recurrent intrusive visual memories may be distressing and disruptive. Preventive interventions post trauma are lacking. Here we test a behavioural intervention after real-life trauma derived from cognitive neuroscience. We hypothesized that intrusive memories would be significantly reduced in number by an intervention involving a computer game with high visuospatial demands (Tetris), via disrupting consolidation of sensory elements of trauma memory. The Tetris-based intervention (trauma memory reminder cue plus c...
March 2018: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332171/sport-and-male-sexuality
#14
REVIEW
P Sgrò, L Di Luigi
The relationships between sport and sexuality in males are of great social and clinical interest, because of sports and motor activities that highly promote social and sexual relationships. Even if few literature exist, two main questions should be taken into account: whether and how physical exercise and sport positively or negatively influence sexual health and behavior and/or whether and how sexual behavior may affect a sub-sequent sport performance. Physical exercise and sport per se can influence, positively or negatively, the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis function and, consequently, the individual's reproductive and/or sexual health...
September 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281939/childhood-traumatic-experiences-and-dissociative-phenomena-in-eating-disorders-level-and-association-with-the-severity-of-binge-eating-symptoms
#15
Giovanni L Palmisano, Marco Innamorati, Giovanna Susca, Denise Traetta, Diego Sarracino, Johan Vanderlinden
The aim of the current study is to evaluate the presence of childhood trauma, psychoform, and somatoform dissociation in eating disorders (ED). Eighty-six ED outpatients participated in this study, 20 of them were diagnosed with restrictive anorexia (AN-R), 10 of them with anorexia nervosa binge-purging subtypes (AN-B), 25 with bulimia nervosa (BN), and 31 with binge eating disorder (BED). They were matched by sex and age with a control group consisting of 86 healthy subjects (HC). Traumatic experiences were assessed by means of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), psychological, and somatoform dissociation, respectively, by means of the Dissociative Experience Scale (DES-II) and Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire (SDQ-20), and binge eating symptoms by means of Binge Eating Scale (BES)...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225375/impact-of-a-child-life-and-music-therapy-procedural-support-intervention-on-parental-perception-of-their-child-s-distress-during-intravenous-placement
#16
Gabriela S Ortiz, Todd OʼConnor, Jessa Carey, Adam Vella, Audrey Paul, Diane Rode, Alan Weinberg
OBJECTIVES: Child life specialists and music therapists have a unique and integral role in providing psychosocial care to pediatric patients and families. These professionals are trained to provide clinical interventions that support coping and adjustment and reduce the risk of psychological trauma related to hospital visits and health care encounters. The researchers devised a multimodal approach using a combined child life and music therapy intervention to address procedure-related distress in patients receiving intravenous (IV) placement in the pediatric emergency department...
February 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030471/stress-related-psychological-symptoms-contribute-to-axial-pain-persistence-after-motor-vehicle-collision-path-analysis-results-from-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#17
Rose K Feinberg, JunMei Hu, Mark A Weaver, Roger B Fillingim, Robert A Swor, David A Peak, Jeffrey S Jones, Niels K Rathlev, David C Lee, Robert M Domeier, Phyllis L Hendry, Israel Liberzon, Samuel A McLean
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and pain after traumatic events such as motor vehicle collision (MVC) have been proposed to be mutually promoting. We performed a prospective multicenter study that enrolled 948 individuals who presented to the emergency department within 24 hours of MVC and were discharged home after evaluation. Follow-up evaluations were completed 6 weeks, 6 months, and 1 year after MVC. Path analysis results supported the hypothesis that axial pain after MVC consistently promotes the maintenance of hyperarousal and intrusive symptoms, from the early weeks after injury through 1 year...
April 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956149/pain-management-of-trauma-patients-in-the-emergency-department-a-study-in-a-public-hospital-in-iran
#18
Negin Masoudi Alavi, Mohammad Sadegh Aboutalebi, Zohreh Sadat
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common problem which the patients in emergency departments (ED) face, especially trauma patients under treatment may suffer from physical, psychological and ethical issues. The purpose of this study was to evaluate traumatic pain management in the emergency department at a public hospital in Iran in 2014. METHODS: This observational prospective study was conducted on 450 trauma patients admitted to a trauma emergency department. The tool used in this study has three parts: demographic data, data of trauma, and VRS (Verbal Rating Scales) score at a 7-point scale-at the arrival time to 4h later...
July 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863295/the-effect-of-early-psychological-symptom-severity-on-long-term-functional-recovery-a-secondary-analysis-of-data-from-a-cohort-study-of-minor-injury-patients
#19
Sara F Jacoby, Justine Shults, Therese S Richmond
BACKGROUND: The mental health consequences of injuries can interfere with recovery to pre-injury levels of function and long term wellbeing. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between psychological symptoms after minor injury and long-term functional recovery and disability. DESIGN: This exploratory study uses secondary data derived from a longitudinal cohort study of psychological outcomes after minor injury...
January 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740864/impact-of-pre-injury-family-functioning-and-resources-on-self-reported-post-concussive-symptoms-and-functional-outcomes-in-persons-with-mild-tbi
#20
Jessica Lynn Temple, Margaret A Struchen, Monique R Pappadis
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the contribution of pre-injury family functioning and resources on self-reported post-concussive symptoms and functional outcomes in persons with mild TBI (mTBI). DESIGN: Participants with uncomplicated or complicated mTBIs were recruited from consecutive admissions to the emergency department of a level 1 trauma centre. Patients completed baseline assessments within 2 weeks of injury and an outcomes assessment at 3 months post-injury...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
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