keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psychotropic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931452/factors-associated-with-appropriate-psychotropic-drug-prescription-in-nursing-home-patients-with-severe-dementia
#1
Klaas van der Spek, Raymond Tcm Koopmans, Martin Smalbrugge, Marjorie Hjmg Nelissen-Vrancken, Roland B Wetzels, Claudia Hw Smeets, Steven Teerenstra, Sytse U Zuidema, Debby L Gerritsen
BACKGROUND: We studied the patient and non-patients factors of inappropriate psychotropic drug (PD) prescription for neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) in nursing home patients with severe dementia. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, the appropriateness of prescriptions was explored using the Appropriate Psychotropic drug use In Dementia (APID) index sum score. This index assesses information from medical records on indication, evaluation, dosage, drug-drug interactions, drug-disease interactions, duplications, and therapy duration...
September 21, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929753/identification-of-%C3%AF-n-methyl-4-hydroxytryptamine-norpsilocin-as-a-psilocybe-natural-product
#2
Claudius Lenz, Jonas Wick, Dirk Hoffmeister
We report the identification of ω-N-methyl-4-hydroxytryptamine (norpsilocin, 1) from the carpophores of the hallucinogenic mushroom Psilocybe cubensis. The structure was elucidated by 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy and high-resolution mass spectrometry. Norpsilocin has not previously been reported as a natural product. It likely represents the actual psychotropic agent liberated from its 4-phosphate ester derivative, the known natural product baeocystin. We further present a simple and artifact-free extraction method that prevents dephosphorylation and therefore helps reflect the naturally occurring metabolic profile of Psilocybe mushrooms in subsequent analyses...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927372/potentially-inappropriate-medication-use-in-nursing-homes-an-observational-study-using-the-norgep-nh-criteria
#3
Gunhild Nyborg, Mette Brekke, Jørund Straand, Svein Gjelstad, Maria Romøren
BACKGROUND: Frail residents in the nursing home sector call for extra care in prescribing. The Norwegian General Practice Nursing Home (NORGEP-NH) list of 34 explicit criteria for potentially inappropriate medication use in nursing homes was developed explicitly for this population. The aim of this study was to employ the NORGEP-NH Criteria to study the extent of potentially inappropriate medication use among nursing home residents and explore possible associated factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional observational pharmacoepidemiological study from residents in nursing homes in the county of Vestfold, Norway...
September 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924485/hypogonadotropic-hypogonadism-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-men-uncommonly-low-testosterone-levels
#4
Ana Coelho Gomes, José Maria Aragüés, Sílvia Guerra, Joana Fernandes, Mário Rui Mascarenhas
Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH) is common and occurs prematurely in HIV-infected men. However, HH with very low testosterone has not been described. Three men with normal pubertal development and HIV1 diagnosis at the ages of 22, 34 and 35 years. All complained of decreased libido, anejaculation and erectile dysfunction thirteen years, six months and one year after HIV diagnosis, respectively. Two had depressive syndrome and two were treated with antiretroviral therapy. Laboratory tests revealed isolated HH in all...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919875/psychological-support-for-young-adults-with-down-syndrome-dohsa-hou-program-for-maladaptive-behaviors-and-internalizing-problems
#5
Haruo Fujino
Psychological and psychiatric dysfunction is a major problem in a substantial proportion of young adults with Down syndrome. Some patients develop psychiatric issues, such as depressive, obsessive-compulsive, or psychotic-like disorders, in their late adolescence or young adulthood. Furthermore, these individuals may experience moderate to severe emotional and psychological distress. Development of a psychosocial treatment to address these issues is needed in addition to psychotropic medication. The current study reports two cases of young adults with Down syndrome, who presented psychiatric symptoms and marked disruption in their daily lives...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919765/scopolamine-alleviates-involuntary-lingual-movements-tardive-dyskinesia-or-dystonia
#6
Jianbo Hu, Jianbo Lai, Shaohua Hu, Yi Xu
Cholinergic hypofunction was believed to be associated with the pathogenesis of tardive dyskinesia, and therefore, anticholinergic treatment might exacerbate the condition. We describe herein a middle-aged male with feeble chewing movements, involuntary rolling motions of the tongue, and abnormally tightened cheeks which developed after consuming different psychotropic medications. These symptoms did not improve after routine treatment for tardive dyskinesia, but responded well to anticholinergic agents, such as scopolamine and benzhexol hydrochloride...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917333/-nursing-homes-and-fall-in-the-consumption-of-psychotropic-medications
#7
Régis Giet, Claudine Bonet
The consumption of psychotropic drugs in elderly people remains a concern in France, including in nursing homes. A comparative analysis of prescriptions for psychotropic medication in nursing homes in 2013 and 2015 based on the computer system of the French national health insurance scheme shows a significant reduction in the prescribing of these medications. Example of a nursing home in Dijon.
September 2017: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917110/prevalence-and-predictors-of-potentially-inappropriate-prescribing-of-central-nervous-system-and-psychotropic-drugs-among-elderly-patients-a-national-population-study-in-korea
#8
Hyeonseok Cho, Junjeong Choi, Young-Sang Kim, Sang Joon Son, Kang Soo Lee, Hee-Jin Hwang, Hye-Young Kang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) of central nervous system and psychotropic (CNS-PS) drugs to the Korean elderly population, and to identify PIP-associated factors. METHODS: Ambulatory care visits were identified from the 2013 National Aged Patient Sample (HIRA-APS-2013) data, composed of 20% random samples of all enrollees in the universal health security program aged ≥65 years. The CNS-PS section of Screening Tool of Older Person's potentially inappropriate Prescriptions (STOPP) criteria version 2 was used to identify PIP at these visits...
September 6, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915274/prevalence-of-mind-and-body-exercises-mbe-in-relation-to-demographics-self-rated-health-and-purchases-of-prescribed-psychotropic-drugs-and-analgesics
#9
Lina Rådmark, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Eva Bojner Horwitz, Walter Osika
This study aims to identify any differences regarding gender, age, socioeconomic status (SES), self-rated health, perceived stress and the purchase of prescribed drugs among people who practice mind and body exercises (MBE) extensively compared to people who do not. METHODS: The study includes 3,913 men and 4,803 women aged 20-72 who participated in the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH). The respondents were divided into three groups depending on frequency of MBE practice (never/seldom/often)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914073/problems-managed-and-medications-prescribed-during-encounters-with-people-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-australian-general-practice
#10
Rachael C Birch, Kitty-Rose Foley, Allan Pollack, Helena Britt, Nicholas Lennox, Julian N Trollor
Autism spectrum disorder is associated with high rates of co-occurring health conditions. While elevated prescription rates of psychotropic medications have been reported in the United Kingdom and the United States, there is a paucity of research investigating clinical and prescribing practices in Australia. This study describes the problems managed and medications prescribed by general practitioners in Australia during encounters where an autism spectrum disorder was recorded. Information was collected from 2000 to 2014 as part of the Bettering the Evaluation and Care of Health programme...
September 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910540/sleep-quality-chronotype-and-metabolic-syndrome-components-in-bipolar-disorders-during-the-remission-period-results-from-the-face-bd-cohort
#11
Ophélia Godin, Chantal Henry, Marion Leboyer, Jean-Michel Azorin, Valerie Aubin, Frank Bellivier, Mircea Polosan, Philippe Courtet, Sebastien Gard, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Josephine Loftus, Christine Passerieux, Dominique Costagliola, Bruno Etain
Data on sleep or circadian abnormalities and metabolic disturbances in euthymic bipolar disorders are scarce and based on small sample sizes. The aim of this study was to explore the associations between sleep disturbances, chronotype and metabolic components in a large sample of euthymic patients with bipolar disorders (BD). From 2009 to 2015, 752 individuals with bipolar disorders from the FACE-BD cohort were included and assessed for sleep quality, chronotype and metabolic components. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID) was used to confirm the diagnosis of BD...
September 14, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910216/psychopathy-in-the-medical-emergency-department
#12
Stephen D Benning, Stephany M Molina, Emily A Dowgwillo, Christopher J Patrick, Karen F Miller, Alan B Storrow
Psychopathy is a personality disorder representing an admixture of a fearless and dominant temperament with an impulsive and antisocial orientation. A sample of 1,026 participants in the waiting room of the medical emergency department of a city hospital exhibited levels of fearless dominance similar to university undergraduates and federal inmates; their levels of impulsive antisociality fell between those of federal and state inmates. Both psychopathy factors were correlated with male gender, younger age, and more frequent average alcohol consumption...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892070/anterior-cingulate-cortex-%C3%AE-aminobutyric-acid-deficits-in-youth-with-depression
#13
V Gabbay, K A Bradley, X Mao, R Ostrover, G Kang, D C Shungu
Abnormally low γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) levels have been consistently reported in adults with major depressive disorder (MDD). Our group extended this finding to adolescents, and documented that GABA deficits were associated with anhedonia. Here we aimed to confirm our prior finding of decreased brain GABA in youth with depression and explore its associations with clinical variables. Forty-four psychotropic medication-free youth with MDD and 36 healthy control (HC) participants (12-21 years) were studied...
August 22, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890473/new-psychotropic-substance-abuse-and-its-regulation
#14
Tsutomu Suzuki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886114/delivery-of-mental-health-treatment-to-combat-veterans-with-psychiatric-diagnoses-and-tbi-histories
#15
Shannon R Miles, Juliette M Harik, Natalie E Hundt, Joseph Mignogna, Nicholas J Pastorek, Karin E Thompson, Jessica S Freshour, Hong J Yu, Jeffrey A Cully
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and mental health (MH) disorders are prevalent in combat veterans returning from Afghanistan and/or Iraq (hereafter referred to as returning veterans). Accurate estimates of service utilization for veterans with and without TBI exposure (referred to as TBI history) are imperative in order to provide high quality healthcare to returning veterans. We examined associations between TBI history and MH service utilization in a subsample of returning veterans who were newly diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and/or anxiety in the 2010 fiscal year (N = 55,458)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884457/-the-development-of-clinical-practice-algorithms-for-the-appropriate-use-of-psychotropic-drugs-in-older-persons-with-high-risk-of-falls
#16
A Geeraerts, T Dilles, V Foulon, H Habraken, M Petrovic, G Strauven, J Tournoy, O Vandeput, A Wertelaers, E Vlaeyen, K Milisen
Psychotropic drugs (hypno-sedatives, antidepressants and antipsychotics) are commonly used in the older population. On the long term, psychotropic drug use in older persons is associated with several negative functional outcomes such as an increased risk of falls. Gradual withdrawal of psychotropic drugs in older persons is feasible and leads to a significant reduction of falls. Both withdrawal of psychotropic drugs as well as the initiation of appropriate treatment with psychotropic drugs requires knowledge, consultation and cooperation between disciplines and a mentality change among healthcare professionals...
September 7, 2017: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882826/improving-life-expectancy-in-people-with-serious-mental-illness-should-we-place-more-emphasis-on-primary-prevention
#17
Athif Ilyas, Edward Chesney, Rashmi Patel
People with serious mental illness have a reduced life expectancy that is partly attributable to increased cardiovascular disease. One approach to address this is regular physical health monitoring. However, physical health monitoring is poorly implemented in everyday clinical practice and there is little evidence to suggest that it improves physical health. We argue that greater emphasis should be placed on primary prevention strategies such as assertive smoking cessation, dietary and exercise interventions and more judicious psychotropic prescribing...
September 7, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880120/reward-related-limbic-memory-and-stimulation-of-the-cannabinoid-system-an-upgrade-in-value-attribution
#18
Anna Brancato, Angela Cavallaro, Gianluca Lavanco, Fulvio Plescia, Carla Cannizzaro
While a lot is known about the mechanisms promoting aversive learning, the impact of rewarding factors on memory has received comparatively less attention. This research investigates reward-related explicit memory in male rats, by taking advantage of the emotional-object recognition test. This is based on the prior association, during conditioned learning, between a rewarding experience (the encounter with a receptive female rat) and an object; afterwards rat discrimination and recognition of the 'emotional object' is recorded in the presence of a novel object, as a measure of positive limbic memory formation...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876970/responding-to-ten-common-delirium-misconceptions-with-best-evidence-an-educational-review-for-clinicians
#19
Mark A Oldham, Nina M Flanagan, Ariba Khan, Olga Boukrina, Edward R Marcantonio
Delirium (acute confusion) is a serious, common health condition, and it predicts poor outcomes, including greater rates of mortality, institutionalization, prolonged hospitalization, and cognitive impairment. Expedient diagnosis and management are critical to address modifiable delirium causes and improve both quality of care and outcomes. Moreover, more than a third of delirium is preventable. Despite the clear significance of delirium and our increasingly sophisticated understanding of the condition, the gap between evidence and practice persists...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876413/experimentation-with-psychoactive-substances-by-public-school-students
#20
Maria Eliane de Andrade, Igor Henrique Farias Santos, Antônio Araújo Menezes de Souza, Aliane Caroline Santos Silva, Tatiane Dos Santos Leite, Cristiane Costa da Cunha Oliveira, Ricardo Luiz Cavalcanti de Albuquerque
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of exposure to psychoactive substances in public students of basic education and its association with sociodemographic characteristics. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey conducted from March to September 2015, involving 1,009 students of the basic and high school education in 20 public schools in the municipality of Aracaju, State of Sergipe, Brazil. The data have been compiled using questionnaires previously applied in national studies of the Brazilian Center for Psychotropic Drugs...
September 4, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
keyword
keyword
9989
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"