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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773162/psychopharmacology-and-cardiovascular-disease
#1
REVIEW
Ileana L Piña, Katherine E Di Palo, Hector O Ventura
This review discusses common mental health disorders and their associations with cardiovascular disease risks. Commonly found mental health disorders include depression, anxiety, and personality types. The link between depression and cardiovascular disease mortality has been established. Depression is also common in patients with heart failure. In addition to discussing psychological disorders, a review of psychotropic drugs is also included. Drugs are described for therapy for depression and anxiety, as well as associations with cardiovascular drug-drug interactions...
May 22, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768528/reliability-and-validity-of-the-medication-adherence-rating-scale-in-a-cohort-of-patients-with-schizophrenia-from-nigeria
#2
Godspower O Owie, Sunday O Olotu, Bawo O James
INTRODUCTION: Assessing adherence in schizophrenia facilitates interventions that optimize outcomes. Adherence rating questionnaires are feasible and non-intrusive; however, no validated measure exists in sub-Saharan Africa. We aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the 10-item Medication Adherence Rating Scale (MARS). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of a cohort of patients with schizophrenia (n=230). A sociodemographic questionnaire, the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Scale for the Unawareness of Mental Disorder (SUMD) and the MARS were all administered by an interviewer...
May 14, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765217/allergy-to-chlorpromazine-and-valproic-acid-following-carbamazepine-hypersensitivity-in-a-patient-with-an-hla-b-4601-allele
#3
Kumi Sakurada, Takeshi Kozaru, Kazuo Yamada, Masashi Nibuya, Kiyoshi Nagata, Eiji Suzuki
A 73-year-old man, exhibiting psychomotor excitement after traumatic brain injury, developed allergic cutaneous eruptions and hepatic inflammation that did not resolve after the cessation of carbamazepine (CBZ). Fusing maculopapular erythema was observed in the face, neck, presternal region, and bilaterally in the forearms and feet. A drug-induced lymphocyte stimulation test revealed hypersensitivity to chlorpromazine (CPZ) and valproic acid (VPA), as well as to CBZ. The allergic reaction with eosinophilia to CPZ and VPA was suspected to have emerged following CBZ hypersensitivity, since previous treatment with CPZ and VPA prior to the introduction of CBZ had not been associated with adverse reactions earlier in the course of treatment...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764352/psychotropic-drug-prescribing-in-residential-aged-care-homes
#4
Gerard J Byrne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763648/autism-spectrum-disorder-classification-diagnosis-and-therapy
#5
REVIEW
Samata R Sharma, Xenia Gonda, Frank I Tarazi
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) refers to a group of neurodevelopmental disorders including autism, Asperger's syndrome (AS) and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). The new diagnostic criteria of ASD focuses on two core domains: social communication impairment and restricted interests/repetitive behaviors. The prevalence of ASD has been steadily increasing over the past two decades, with current estimates reaching up to 1 in 36 children. Hereditary factors, parental history of psychiatric disorders, pre-term births, and fetal exposure to psychotropic drugs or insecticides have all been linked to higher risk of ASD...
May 12, 2018: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761577/polypharmacy-and-psychotropic-drug-loading-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-asian-countries-the-reap-ap4-study
#6
Shu-Yu Yang, Lian-Yu Chen, Eunice Najoan, Roy Abraham Kallivayalil, Kittisak Viboonma, Ruzita Jamaluddin, Afzal Javed, Duong Thi Quynh Hoa, Hitoshi Iida, Kang Sim, Thiha Swe, Yan-Ling He, Yongchon Park, Helal Uddin Ahmed, Angelo De Alwis, Helen Fung-Kum Chiu, Norman Sartorius, Chay-Hoon Tan, Mian-Yoon Chong, Naotaka Shinfuku, Shih-Ku Lin
AIM: The aim of the present study was to survey the prevalence of antipsychotic polypharmacy and combined medication use across 15 Asian countries and areas in 2016. METHODS: By using the results from the fourth survey of Research on Asian Prescription Patterns on antipsychotics (REAP-AP4), the rates of polypharmacy and combined medication use in each country were analyzed. Daily medications prescribed for the treatment of inpatients or outpatients with schizophrenia, including antipsychotics, mood stabilizers, anxiolytics, hypnotics, and antiparkinson agents, were collected...
May 14, 2018: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760666/candyflipping-and-other-combinations-identifying-drug-drug-combinations-from-an-online-forum
#7
Michael Chary, David Yi, Alex F Manini
Novel psychoactive substances (NPS) refer to synthetic compounds or derivatives of more widely known substances of abuse that have emerged over the last two decades. Case reports suggest that users combine substances to achieve desired psychotropic experiences while reducing dysphoria and unpleasant somatic effects. However, the pattern of combining NPS has not been studied on a large scale. Here, we show that posts discussing NPS describe combining nootropics with sedative-hypnotics and stimulants with plant hallucinogens or psychiatric medications...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759266/drug-induced-insomnia-and-excessive-sleepiness
#8
REVIEW
Ann Van Gastel
Psychotropic and nonpsychotropic drugs, which may induce or aggravate insomnia and/or daytime sleepiness, are discussed. These central nervous system effects are possible from the interactions of a drug with any of the many neurotransmitters or receptors that are involved in sleep and wakefulness. Multiple interactions between disease, sleep, comorbid sleep disorders, and direct or indirect influences of pharmacologic agents are possible. Awareness of these effects is important to adapt treatment and reach optimal results for every patient...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755581/gender-differences-and-risk-factors-for-smoking-among-patients-with-various-psychiatric-disorders-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Fahad D Alosaimi, Mohammed Abalhassan, Bandar Alhaddad, Ebtihaj O Fallata, Abdulhadi Alhabbad, Rabab Alshenqiti, Mohammed Z Alassiry
Background: The higher prevalence of smoking among psychiatric patients is well established. However, gender-specific associations have rarely been the focus of studies among patients with various psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to estimate the gender-specific prevalence of current smoking by psychiatric patients and its association with various psychiatric disorders and the use of psychotropic medications. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was performed between July 2012 and June 2014...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752835/documentation-of-psychotropic-prn-medication-administration-an-evaluation-of-electronic-health-records-compared-with-paper-charts-and-verbal-reports
#10
Krystle Martin, Elke Ham, Zoe Hilton
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the documentation of pro re nata (PRN) medication for anxiety, and to compare documentation at two hospitals providing similar psychiatric services, one that used paper charts and another that used an electronic health record (EHR). We also assessed congruence between nursing documentation and verbal reports from staff about the PRN administration process. BACKGROUND: The ability to accurately document patients' symptoms and the care given is considered a core competency of the nursing profession (Wilkinson, 2007); however, researchers have found poor concordance between nursing notes and verbal reports or observations of events (e...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752159/predictors-of-falls-and-fractures-leading-to-hospitalization-in-people-with-dementia-a-representative-cohort-study
#11
Shalini Sharma, Christoph Mueller, Robert Stewart, Nicola Veronese, Davy Vancampfort, Ai Koyanagi, Sarah E Lamb, Gayan Perera, Brendon Stubbs
OBJECTIVES: Investigate predictors of falls and fractures leading to hospitalization in a large cohort of people with dementia. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: People with diagnosed dementia between January 2007 and March 2013, aged >65 years, were assembled using data from the Maudsley Biomedical Research Centre Case Register, from 4 boroughs in London serving a population of 1.3 million people. MEASURES: Falls and/or fractures leading to hospitalization were ascertained from linked national records...
May 2, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750381/biocatalytic-production-of-psilocybin-and-derivatives-in-tryptophan-synthase-enhanced-reactions
#12
Felix Blei, Florian Baldeweg, Janis Fricke, Dirk Hoffmeister
Psilocybin (4-phosphoryloxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine) is the main alkaloid of the fungal genus Psilocybe, the so-called "magic mushrooms". The pharmaceutical interest in this psychotropic natural product as a future medication to treat depression and anxiety is strongly re-emerging. Here, we present an enhanced enzymatic route of psilocybin production by adding TrpB, the tryptophan synthase of the mushroom Psilocybe cubensis, to the reaction. We capitalized on its substrate flexibility and show psilocybin formation from 4-hydroxyindole and L-serine, which are less cost-intensive substrates, compared to the previous method...
May 11, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749750/do-antihypertensive-medications-have-psychotropic-properties
#13
Jean Hollis, Mario D'Souza, Tim Lambert, Premala Sureshkumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747938/mental-health-after-unintentional-injury-in-a-pediatric-managed-medicaid-population
#14
Kylie M Bushroe, Erinn M Hade, Tara A McCarthy, Jeffrey A Bridge, Julie C Leonard
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the rates of mental health diagnoses and psychotropic prescriptions pre- and posthospitalization for injury in a managed-Medicaid population. We hypothesized that children have increased rates of mental health diagnoses and psychotropic prescriptions after injury. STUDY DESIGN: We investigated children (n = 2208) ≤18 years of age treated at a pediatric trauma center from 2005 to 2015 who were enrolled in a managed-Medicaid program at hospital admission and for at least 1 healthcare visit in the preceding year...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747564/reduse-reducing-antipsychotic-and-benzodiazepine-prescribing-in-residential-aged-care-facilities
#15
Juanita L Westbury, Peter Gee, Tristan Ling, Donnamay T Brown, Katherine H Franks, Ivan Bindoff, Aidan Bindoff, Gregory M Peterson
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a multi-strategic, interdisciplinary intervention on antipsychotic and benzodiazepine prescribing in residential aged care facilities (RACFs). Design, setting: Prospective, longitudinal intervention in Australian RACFs, April 2014 - March 2016. PARTICIPANTS: 150 RACFs (with 12 157 residents) comprised the main participant group; two further groups were consultant pharmacists (staff education) and community pharmacies (prescribing data)...
May 14, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747557/unsafe-injecting-practices-sexual-risk-behaviours-and-determinants-of-hiv-among-men-who-inject-drugs-results-from-integrated-biological-and-behavioural-surveillance-in-india
#16
Pradeep Kumar, Bhavna Sangal, Shreena Ramanathan, Savina Ammassari, Srinivasa Raghavan Venkatesh
In India, while an overall reduction in HIV is achieved among most key populations, the continued higher prevalence among people who inject drugs (PWIDs) is an area of concern. This paper analyses unsafe injecting and sexual risk behaviours in male PWIDs according to HIV status and also examines the determinants of HIV infection in this high-risk group. Data from India's Integrated Biological and Behavioural Surveillance, conducted across 29 Indian states and Union Territories among 19,902 male PWIDs, were used...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746373/incidence-of-akathisia-after-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-prophylaxis-with-droperidol-and-ondansetron-in-outpatient-surgery-a-multicentre-controlled-randomised-trial
#17
Antoine Charton, Nicolas Greib, Aude Ruimy, Valentina Faitot, Yves Noudem, Girish P Joshi, Nicolas Meyer, Pierre Diemunsch
BACKGROUND: Akathisia, a distressing movement disorder induced by butyrophenones, has been described with low doses of droperidol used for postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) prophylaxis, but the incidence remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of akathisia after PONV prophylaxis with two doses of droperidol in comparison with ondansetron, in patients undergoing ambulatory surgery. We hypothesised that the incidence of akathisia is higher with droperidol than that with ondansetron...
May 8, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741750/longitudinal-effects-of-activities-social-environment-and-psychotropic-medication-use-on-behavioral-symptoms-of-individuals-with-alzheimer-s-disease-in-nursing-homes
#18
Ben R Inventor, Carol J Farran, Olimpia Paun, Fawn Cothran, Kumar Rajan, Sandra S Swantek, Judith J McCann
A secondary data analysis of 25,560 minutes of structured clinical observations from a longitudinal study examined the impact of time-varying background factors, social environment, and psychotropic medication use on behavioral symptoms of nursing home residents with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Data were collected at baseline (N = 177), 12 months (N = 138), and 24 months (N = 111). Mixed-effects regression modeling showed that at 24 months: (a) higher cognitive and physical function and having a private bedroom/bathroom had the most positive influence on resident positive behaviors; (b) use of antipsychotic medications and solitary activities had the most negative influence on resident positive behaviors; (c) higher cognitive function significantly decreased negative behaviors; and (d) care-related activities and total number of psychotropic medications significantly increased negative behaviors...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739269/analytical-validation-of-a-psychiatric-pharmacogenomic-test
#19
Michael R Jablonski, Nina King, Yongbao Wang, Joel G Winner, Lucas R Watterson, Sandra Gunselman, Bryan M Dechairo
AIM: The aim of this study was to validate the analytical performance of a combinatorial pharmacogenomics test designed to aid in the appropriate medication selection for neuropsychiatric conditions. MATERIALS & METHODS: Genomic DNA was isolated from buccal swabs. Twelve genes (65 variants/alleles) associated with psychotropic medication metabolism, side effects, and mechanisms of actions were evaluated by bead array, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, and/or capillary electrophoresis methods (GeneSight Psychotropic, Assurex Health, Inc...
February 7, 2018: Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734486/pharmacogenetic-testing-among-patients-with-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-is-associated-with-decreased-utilization-and-cost-a-propensity-score-matched-study
#20
Roy H Perlis, Rajesh Mehta, Alison M Edwards, Arun Tiwari, Guido W Imbens
BACKGROUND: Naturalistic and small randomized trials have suggested that pharmacogenetic testing may improve treatment outcomes in depression, but its cost-effectiveness is not known. There is growing enthusiasm for personalized medicine, relying on genetic variation as a contributor to heterogeneity of treatment effects. We sought to examine the relationship between a commercial pharmacogenetic test for psychotropic medications and 6-month cost of care and utilization in a large commercial health plan...
May 7, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
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