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lupus peritonitis

Wei Huang, Jiyuan Wu, Huiqin Yang, Yin Xiong, Rui Jiang, Tianpen Cui, Duyun Ye
Abnormal features of the systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)-derived neutrophils, promoted aberrant immune response, have inspired new studies of the induction of autoimmunity and the development of organ damage in SLE. In this study, we explore the effect of milk fat globule-EGF factor 8 (MFG-E8) on the aberrant nitrification features in pristane-induced lupus. SLE patients and mice with pristane-induced lupus develop autoantibodies associated with MFG-E8 overproduction. However, the deletion of MFG-E8 leads to uncontrolled early pulmonary and peritoneal inflammation and tissue damage in mice with pristane-induced lupus...
October 21, 2016: Cell Death and Differentiation
Bimal Kumar Agrawal, Saurabh Marwaha, Mini Bhatnagar, Shabir A Parry, Usha Agrawal
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystem chronic inflammatory disease of autoimmune aetiology. It has a predilection for female gender and presence of photosensitive rash over the sun exposed area gives a clue to the diagnosis. Diagnosis in a male patient with atypical manifestations is unusual and difficult. A 25-year-old male presented with fever, fatigue, vomiting, abdominal pain and loss of weight. He had sustained injury on his right arm following which he developed abscess at the trauma site and severe anaemia...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Lukas Bossaller, Anette Christ, Karin Pelka, Kerstin Nündel, Ping-I Chiang, Catherine Pang, Neha Mishra, Patricia Busto, Ramon G Bonegio, Reinhold Ernst Schmidt, Eicke Latz, Ann Marshak-Rothstein
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic, life-threatening autoimmune disorder, leading to multiple organ pathologies and kidney destruction. Analyses of numerous murine models of spontaneous SLE have revealed a critical role for endosomal TLRs in the production of autoantibodies and development of other clinical disease manifestations. Nevertheless, the corresponding TLR9-deficient autoimmune-prone strains consistently develop more severe disease pathology. Injection of BALB/c mice with 2,6,10,14-tetramethylpentadecane (TMPD), commonly known as pristane, also results in the development of SLE-like disease...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
M Fawzy, A Edrees, H Okasha, A El Ashmaui, G Ragab
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by multisystem involvement, including the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. There is a significant variation in the clinical presentation and severity of GI disorders. When GI symptoms present as the initial manifestation of SLE, there is likely to be a delay in the diagnosis. The cause of these GI manifestations in SLE may be the disease, or the side effects of medications, or infections. In this study we investigated the GI manifestations in a group of SLE patients...
April 6, 2016: Lupus
Farid Jalali, Jason Samarasena, John G Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Endoscopy
Francesco Carlucci, Attia Ishaque, Guang Sheng Ling, Marta Szajna, Ann Sandison, Philippe Donatien, H Terence Cook, Marina Botto
The complement component C1q is known to play a controversial role in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus, but the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Intraperitoneal injection of pristane induces a lupus-like syndrome whose pathogenesis implicates the secretion of type I IFN by CD11b(+) Ly6C(high) inflammatory monocytes in a TLR7-dependent fashion. C1q was also shown to influence the secretion of IFN-α. In this study, we explored whether C1q deficiency could affect pristane-induced lupus...
February 15, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Min Li, Xiaowei Shi, Tian Qian, Jian Li, Zhiqiang Tian, Bing Ni, Fei Hao
BACKGROUND: Lupus nephritis is an autoimmune inflammatory disease and urgently needs effective anti-inflammation therapies. A20, tumor necrosis factor alpha induced protein 3 (TNFAIP3), is a key negative regulator of inflammation, however whether A20 can regulate lupus nephritis has not been clarified. This study aimed at investigating the potential therapeutic effect of A20 on renal inflammation in mouse pristine model oflupus. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Female BALB/c mice were intraperitoneally injected with pristine to establish lupus renal injury...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Chun-Ting Chen, Yu-Chen Tseng, Chih-Wei Yang, Hsuan-Hwai Lin, Peng-Jen Chen, Tien-Yu Huang, Yu-Lueng Shih, Wei-Kuo Chang, Tsai-Yuan Hsieh, Heng-Cheng Chu
The incidence of Sjögren syndrome (SS) in primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) patients is high. The influence of SS on the clinical outcomes of PBC patients, however, remains unclear. Our study retrospectively collected data on PBC-only patients and PBC patients with concomitant SS (PBC-SS) to compare the clinical differences of long-term outcomes between them.A total of 183 patients were diagnosed with PBC from January 1999 to December 2014 at our hospital. Of these, the authors excluded patients with diabetes, hypertension, advanced liver cirrhosis at initial diagnosis of PBC (Child-Turcotte-Pugh classification score of ≥7) and other liver diseases (ie, alcoholic liver disease, alpha-antitrypsin deficiency, viral hepatitis, and primary sclerosing cholangitis), and autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis...
January 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
J Zhao, W Bai, P Zhu, X Zhang, S Liu, L Wu, L Ma, L Bi, X Zuo, L Sun, C Huang, X Tian, M Li, Y Zhao, X Zeng
OBJECTIVES: To investigate both the prevalence and clinical characteristics of serositis in Chinese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in a large cohort in the Chinese SLE Treatment and Research group (CSTAR) database. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study of patients with SLE was conducted based on the data from the CSTAR registry. Serositis was defined according to the 1999 revised American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria for SLE - that is, pleuritis/pleural effusion and/or pericarditis/pericardial effusion detected by echocardiography, chest X-ray or chest computerized tomography (CT) scan...
May 2016: Lupus
Yan Zhou, Yusheng Yu, Zheng Tang, Shijun Li, Weixin Hu, Chunlei Luo, Zhihong Liu
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of peritoneal dialysis (PD) in patients with severe lupus nephritis (LN) complicated with organ dysfunction. In total, 13 severe LN patients complicated with multiple-organ dysfunction, who underwent PD treatment between November 2003 and September 2010, were enrolled in the study. Six patients received methylprednisolone pulse therapy due to lupus activity and progressive renal failure. These patients were complicated with severe edema, cardiac insufficiency and severe hypoalbuminemia...
December 2015: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Huijuan Ma, Suigui Wan, Chang-Qing Xia
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells with immunosuppressive functions have been described to be associated with one of the mechanisms by which malignant tumors escape immune surveillance. However, little is known about the role of myeloid-derived suppressor cells in autoimmunity. In the current study, when we attempted to characterize the peritoneal cells in pristane-induced lupus model, as reported previously, we observed that there were markedly increased CD11b(+)Ly6C(hi) monocytes. Surprisingly, this type of monocytes was almost phenotypically identical to the reported monocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells...
June 2016: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Sudheer Kumar Reddy, Afsana Jahan, Swasti Chaturvedi, Indira Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Outcome data in paediatrics regarding the use of plasmapheresis for immunological kidney disease are scarce. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the role of plasmapheresis in children presenting with severe renal impairment secondary to immunological kidney diseases. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of children admitted between January 2009 and August 2013 to the Paediatric Nephrology Unit, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India, and requiring plasma exchange was undertaken...
December 2015: Clinical Kidney Journal
Michelle M O'Shaughnessy, Maria E Montez-Rath, Richard A Lafayette, Wolfgang C Winkelmayer
BACKGROUND: Kidney transplantation is the preferred treatment for end-stage renal disease (ESRD), while peritoneal dialysis affords certain benefits over hemodialysis. Distributions and determinants of first ESRD treatment modality have not been compared across glomerulonephritis (GN) subtypes. METHODS: We identified all adult (18-75 years) patients with ESRD attributed to any of six GN subtypes [focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), IgA nephropathy (IgAN), membranous nephropathy (MN), membranoproliferative GN (MPGN), lupus nephritis (LN) and vasculitis] who were first registered in the US Renal Data System (USRDS) between 1996 and 2011...
February 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Shuk-Man Ka, Jung-Chen Lin, Tsai-Jung Lin, Feng-Cheng Liu, Louis Kuoping Chao, Chen-Lung Ho, Li-Tzu Yeh, Huey-Kang Sytwu, Kuo-Feng Hua, Ann Chen
INTRODUCTION: Lupus nephritis (LN) is a major complication of systemic lupus erythematosus. NLRP3 inflammasome activation, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mononuclear leukocyte infiltration in the kidney have been shown to provoke the acceleration and deterioration of LN, such as accelerated and severe LN (ASLN). Development of a novel therapeutic remedy based on these molecular events to prevent the progression of the disease is clinically warranted. METHODS: Citral (3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienal), a major active compound in a Chinese herbal medicine Litsea cubeba, was used to test its renoprotective effects in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mouse ASLN model by examining NLRP3 inflammasome activation, ROS and COX-2 production as well as Nrf2 activation...
2015: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Alberto J Sabucedo, Gabriel Contreras
Kidney disease resulting from systemic lupus erythematosus accounts for 1.9% of the end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) population in the United States. Systemic lupus erythematosus patients with lupus nephritis (LN) who progress to ESKD in the United States are mostly female (81%) and of African ancestry (49%), with a mean age of 41 years at initiation of renal replacement therapy (RRT). The incidence of ESKD in patients with LN steadily increased between 1982 and 1998 because RRT was offered more readily to LN patients in the United States...
September 2015: Seminars in Nephrology
Chinmay Bera, Joy Sarojini Michael, Deepak Burad, Suzana B Shirly, Sridhar Gibikote, Banumathi Ramakrishna, Ashish Goel, C E Eapen
BACKGROUND: Xpert™ MTB/Rif is a multiplex hemi-nested real-time PCR-based assay to detect presence of M. tuberculosis within 2 hours of sample collection. The present study aimed at assessing efficacy of Xpert™ MTB/Rif assay for diagnosing peritoneal tuberculosis. METHODS: Patients with exudative ascites, fluid negative for acid-fast bacilli on auramine O fluorescence staining and unyielding fluid cytology for malignant cells, were included. Ultrasound-guided omental biopsy samples were obtained in all...
September 2015: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
Malte A Kluger, Simon Melderis, Anna Nosko, Boeren Goerke, Michael Luig, Matthias C Meyer, Jan-Eric Turner, Catherine Meyer-Schwesinger, Claudia Wegscheid, Gisa Tiegs, Rolf A K Stahl, Ulf Panzer, Oliver M Steinmetz
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex and potentially fatal autoimmune disorder. Although Th17 cells are thought to be central mediators of SLE, mechanisms underlying their counter regulation remain largely unknown. To help define this, we studied the function of the newly defined Stat3-dependent Th17-specific regulatory T cells (Treg17). Treg-specific deletion of Stat3 was achieved by generating Foxp3(Cre) × Stat3(fl/fl) mice and SLE was induced by intraperitoneal injection of pristane. Lack of Treg17 cells in these mice caused selectively enhanced peritoneal Th17 inflammation...
January 2016: Kidney International
Q Huang, W Lai, C Yuan, S Shen, D Cui, J Zhao, J Lin, H Ren, M Yang
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors that may predict intestinal pseudo-obstruction (IpsO) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients complicated by digestive manifestations. METHODS: SLE patients with digestive manifestations (n = 135) were followed at Southern Medical University affiliated Nanfang Hospital from 2000 until 2013. Demographic variables, clinical features, and laboratory data were compared between the two groups. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to establish factors that predispose to IpsO in these patients...
March 2016: Lupus
Mohamed A El-Naggari, Dana Al-Nabhani, Ibtisam El-Nour, Alaa El-Manzalawy, Anas-Alwogud A Abdelmogheth
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a neurological condition with a combination of clinical and radiological features. Clinical symptoms include headaches, confusion, seizures, disturbed vision or an altered level of consciousness. Classic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings indicate subcortical and cortical oedema, affecting mainly the posterior cerebral region. We report two paediatric cases of PRES with underlying renal diseases presenting at the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital in Muscat, Oman, in April 2010 and August 2011...
August 2015: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Wei Li, Hu Li, Mu Zhang, Youxiu Zhong, Mengqi Wang, Juren Cen, Hezhen Wu, Yanfang Yang, Qun Wei
Isogarcinol is a new immunosuppressant that we extracted from Garcinia mangostana L. In the present study, we elucidate its beneficial effect in chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) in mice -- a model for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in human. The oral administration of 60 mg/kg isogarcinol significantly reduced proteinuria, corrected the abnormal serum biochemical indicator, and decreased the amount of serum antibodies and lowered the renal histopathology score. In addition, isogarcinol alleviated the abnormal activation of CD4 T cells and decreased the expression of inflammatory genes and cytokines in the kidneys and peritoneal macrophages...
September 30, 2015: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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