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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510633/obesity-and-diabetes-as-risk-factors-for-severe-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-results-from-a-swedish-nationwide-study
#1
Katja Wyss, Andreas Wångdahl, Maria Vesterlund, Ulf Hammar, Saduddin Dashti, Pontus Naucler, Anna Färnert
Background: Noncommunicable diseases and obesity are increasing in prevalence globally, also in populations at risk of malaria. We sought to investigate if comorbidity, in terms of chronic diseases and obesity, is associated with severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Methods: We performed a retrospective observational study in adults (≥18 years) diagnosed with malaria in Sweden between January 1995 and May 2015. We identified cases through the surveillance database at the Public Health Agency of Sweden and reviewed clinical data from 18 hospitals...
May 16, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487212/mapping-the-ecoepidemiology-of-zika-virus-infection-in-urban-and-rural-areas-of-pereira-risaralda-colombia-2015-2016-implications-for-public-health-and-travel-medicine
#2
Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales, Pablo Ruiz, Javier Tabares, Carlos Augusto Ossa, Maria Camila Yepes-Echeverry, Valeria Ramirez-Jaramillo, Maria Leonor Galindo-Marquez, Carlos Julian García-Loaiza, Juan Alejandro Sabogal-Roman, Esteban Parra-Valencia, Guillermo J Lagos-Grisales, Carlos O Lozada-Riascos, Cornelis A de Pijper, Martin P Grobusch
OBJECTIVE: Geographical information systems (GIS) have been demonstrated earlier to be of great use to inform public health action against vector-borne infectious diseases. METHODS: Using surveillance data on the ongoing ZIKV outbreak from Pereira, Colombia (2015-2016), we estimated incidence rates (cases/100,000 population), and developed maps correlating with the ecoepidemiology of the area. RESULTS: Up to October 8, 2016, 439 cases of ZIKV were reported in Pereira (93 cases/100,000 pop...
May 6, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480256/a-case-report-of-pediatric-brucellosis-in-an-algerian-immigrant
#3
Eimear Kitt, Kristina R Brannock, Lauren A VonHolz, Paul J Planet, Erin Graf, Vinodh Pillai
An 8-year old girl presented to our facility with a 10-day history of fever, fatigue, abdominal pain and refusal to walk. She recently travelled from her native Algeria where she first developed symptoms. On evaluation, she was ill-appearing, febrile and tachycardic with hepatosplenomegaly and lymphadenopathy noted on examination. A strong musty odor was also noted from the child. Laboratory evaluation revealed pancytopenia, hyponatremia, and an elevated AST, ALT, and LDH. Malaria testing was negative, as was a PPD...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465184/comparing-imported-malaria-in-adults-and-children-presenting-to-an-italian-teaching-hospital-a-10-year-retrospective-study
#4
Dora Luise, Daniele Donà, Federica Visentin, Giulia Marini, Carlo Giaquinto, Annamaria Cattelan
BACKGROUND: Malaria is not endemic in Italy, but it still represents an important threat to the travelers' health. With this study we wanted to compare the characteristics of imported malaria between adults and children. METHOD: This retrospective observational study includes all patients admitted to the Infectious Diseases Unit and in the Pediatric Department of Padua (Italy), and discharged with a diagnosis of malaria from 2005 to 2015. The variables considered are epidemiological and clinical...
April 29, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464021/predictive-value-of-clinical-and-laboratory-features-for-the-main-febrile-diseases-in-children-living-in-tanzania-a-prospective-observational-study
#5
Olga De Santis, Mary Kilowoko, Esther Kyungu, Willy Sangu, Pascal Cherpillod, Laurent Kaiser, Blaise Genton, Valérie D'Acremont
BACKGROUND: To construct evidence-based guidelines for management of febrile illness, it is essential to identify clinical predictors for the main causes of fever, either to diagnose the disease when no laboratory test is available or to better target testing when a test is available. The objective was to investigate clinical predictors of several diseases in a cohort of febrile children attending outpatient clinics in Tanzania, whose diagnoses have been established after extensive clinical and laboratory workup...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456684/trend-analysis-of-imported-malaria-in-london-observational-study-2000-to-2014
#6
Eleanor Rees, Maria Saavedra-Campos, Martine Usdin, Charlotte Anderson, Joanne Freedman, Jane De Burgh, Hilary Kirkbride, Peter Chiodini, Valerie Smith, Marie Blaze, Christopher J M Whitty, Sooria Balasegaram
BACKGROUND: We describe trends of malaria in London (2000-2014) in order to identify preventive opportunities and we estimated the cost of malaria admissions (2009/2010-2014/2015). METHODS: We identified all cases of malaria, resident in London, reported to the reference laboratory and obtained hospital admissions from Hospital Episode Statistics. RESULTS: The rate of malaria decreased (19.4[2001]-9.1[2014] per 100,000). Males were over-represented (62%)...
April 26, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450185/prophylactic-efficacy-of-primaquine-for-preventing-plasmodium-falciparum-and-plasmodium-vivax-parasitaemia-in-travelers-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Goodarz Kolifarhood, Ahmad Raeisi, Mansour Ranjbar, Ali Akbar Haghdoust, Allan Schapira, Saeed Hashemi, Hossein Masoumi-Asl, Hossein Mozafar Sadati, Sara Azimi, Nasim Khosravi, Anatoly Kondrashin
BACKGROUND: With increased international travel over the world the need for safe and effective chemoprophylaxis for malaria is as great as ever. The choice of regimen is difficult, as effectiveness should be weighted against potential adverse effects. Although, some studies have reported high prophylactic efficacy of primaquine, there is no comprehensive evidence comparing its prophylactic effectiveness as well as toxicity. To fill the gap, this systematic review and meta-analysis study was carried out...
April 24, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438137/case-report-of-plasmodium-ovale-curtisi-malaria-in-sri-lanka-relevance-for-the-maintenance-of-elimination-status
#8
Sharmini Gunawardena, Rachel F Daniels, Thishan C Yahathugoda, Mirani V Weerasooriya, Katelyn Durfee, Sarah K Volkman, Dyann F Wirth, Nadira D Karunaweera
BACKGROUND: Following its recent certification as malaria-free, imported infections now pose the greatest threat for maintaining this status in Sri Lanka. Imported infections may also introduce species that are uncommon or not previously endemic to these areas. We highlight in this case report the increasing importance of less common malaria species such as Plasmodium ovale in elimination settings and discuss its relevance for the risk of malaria resurgence in the country. CASE PRESENTATION: A 41-year-old patient from southern Sri Lanka was diagnosed with malaria after 8 days of fever...
April 24, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427337/treatment-seeking-behaviour-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-estimated-using-a-bayesian-model
#9
Victor A Alegana, Jim Wright, Carla Pezzulo, Andrew J Tatem, Peter M Atkinson
BACKGROUND: Seeking treatment in formal healthcare for uncomplicated infections is vital to combating disease in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Healthcare treatment-seeking behaviour varies within and between communities and is modified by socio-economic, demographic, and physical factors. As a result, it remains a challenge to quantify healthcare treatment-seeking behaviour using a metric that is comparable across communities. Here, we present an application for transforming individual categorical responses (actions related to fever) to a continuous probabilistic estimate of fever treatment for one country in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426116/portuguese-expatriates-health-in-angola-and-mozambique-a-cross-sectional-study-increasing-awareness-and-need-for-more-surveillance
#10
Ana Glória Fonseca, Sara S Dias, João Luis Baptista, Jorge Torgal
Background: Increasing numbers of expatriates are working in sub-Saharan Africa. There is little published data on the complex population and this survey aimed at understanding expatriate morbidity by accessing self-reported health problems and malaria preventive practices. Methods: A cross-sectional web-based survey was conducted targeting Portuguese expatriates in Angola and Mozambique. Logistic regression analysis explored factors associated with self-reported health problems and psychological symptoms in the previous 3 months...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426114/infectious-diseases-and-migrant-worker-health-in-singapore-a-receiving-country-s-perspective
#11
Sapna P Sadarangani, Poh Lian Lim, Shawn Vasoo
Background.: Approximately 1.4 million migrant workers reside in Singapore, presenting unique infectious disease challenges to both migrants and Singapore. Methods.: A Pubmed, MEDLINE (Ovid), EBSCO Host (Global Health) and Google Scholar search was performed for both peer, non-peer reviewed articles and reports relevant to migrant health in Singapore, published between 1 January 1989 and 1 September 2016. Additional studies were identified from citations within searched articles...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411937/preparing-for-international-travel-and-global-medical-care
#12
REVIEW
Swaminatha V Mahadevan, Matthew C Strehlow
Thorough pretravel preparation and medical consultation can mitigate avoidable health and safety risks. A comprehensive pretravel medical consultation should include an individualized risk assessment, immunization review, and discussion of arthropod protective measures, malaria prophylaxis, traveler's diarrhea, and injury prevention. Travel with children and jet lag reduction require additional planning and prevention strategies; travel and evacuation insurance may prove essential when traveling to less resourced countries...
May 2017: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410610/an-intricate-case-of-multidrug-resistant-plasmodium-falciparum-isolate-imported-from-cambodia
#13
Raffaele Dell'Acqua, Claudia Fabrizio, Francesco Di Gennaro, Sergio Lo Caputo, Annalisa Saracino, Michela Menegon, Mariangela L'Episcopia, Carlo Severini, Laura Monno, Francesco Castelli, Gioacchino Angarano
BACKGROUND: Imported cases of multidrug resistant Plasmodium falciparum and treatment failure with artemisinin-based regimens, although rare, have been described also in Western countries and their management is often challenging. This is also due to an inadequate knowledge and implementation of health prevention measures. CASE REPORT: A complex case of imported malaria caused by Plasmodium vivax/P. falciparum isolates in a patient who was not taking chemoprophylaxis while he was travelling in Cambodia is reported in this article...
April 14, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410415/influence-of-host-factors-and-parasite-biomass-on-the-severity-of-imported-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria
#14
Nicolas Argy, Eric Kendjo, Claire Augé-Courtoi, Sandrine Cojean, Jérôme Clain, Pascal Houzé, Marc Thellier, Veronique Hubert, Philippe Deloron, Sandrine Houzé
OBJECTIVES: Imported malaria in France is characterized by various clinical manifestations observed in a heterogeneous population of patients such as travelers/expatriates and African migrants. In this population, host factors and parasite biomass associated with severe imported malaria are poorly known. METHODS: From data collected by the Centre National de Référence du Paludisme, we identified epidemiological, demographic and biological features including parasite biomass and anti-plasmodial antibody levels (negative, positive and strongly positive serology) associated with different disease severity groups (very severe, moderately severe, and uncomplicated malaria) in 3 epidemiological groups (travelers/expatriates, first- and second-generation migrants)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407772/the-end-of-a-dogma-the-safety-of-doxycycline-use-in-young-children-for-malaria-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Tiphaine Gaillard, Sébastien Briolant, Marylin Madamet, Bruno Pradines
Anti-malarial drug resistance to chloroquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine has spread from Southeast Asia to Africa. Furthermore, the recent emergence of resistance to artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) in Southeast Asia highlights the need to identify new anti-malarial drugs. Doxycycline is recommended for malaria chemoprophylaxis for travel in endemic areas, or in combination with the use of quinine for malaria treatment when ACT is unavailable or when the treatment of severe malaria with artesunate fails...
April 13, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396771/plasmodium-spp-and-borrelia-burgdorferi-co-infection-associated-with-antiphospholipid-syndrome-in-a-returned-traveler-a-case-report
#16
Nélia Neves, André Silva-Pinto, Helena Rocha, Susana Silva, Edite Pereira, Antonio Sarmento, Lurdes Santos
The differential diagnosis of fever in a returned traveler is wide and challenging. We present a case of a patient working in Africa, who returned with fever, constitutional symptoms, headache, and blurred vision. An initial diagnosis of malaria was made, and additional workup revealed Borrelia burgdorferi co-infection and antiphospholipid syndrome.
April 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395097/artesunate-to-treat-severe-malaria-in-travellers-review-of-efficacy-and-safety-and-practical-implications
#17
Camille Roussel, Eric Caumes, Marc Thellier, Papa Alioune Ndour, Pierre A Buffet, Stéphane Jauréguiberry
Background: Artesunate (AS) is the WHO first-line treatment of severe malaria in endemic countries, in adults and children. However, despite solid evidence that AS is safe and more effective than quinine in endemic areas, its deployment in non-endemic areas has been slow, due in part to the absence of a full good manufacturing practice (GMP) qualification (although prequalification has been granted in 2010). Prospective comparative trials were not conducted in travellers, but several retrospective studies and case reports are providing insights into the efficacy and safety of AS in imported severe malaria...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369315/artemether-lumefantrine-treatment-failure-in-nonimmune-european-travelers-with-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-do-we-need-to-reconsider-dosing-in-patients-from-nonendemic-regions
#18
Andreas Neumayr, Daniel Henry Paris, Blaise Genton, Christoph Hatz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358796/yellow-fever-outbreak-kongo-central-province-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-august-2016
#19
John O Otshudiema, Nestor G Ndakala, Elande-Taty K Mawanda, Gaston P Tshapenda, Jacques M Kimfuta, Loupy-Régence N Nsibu, Abdou S Gueye, Jacob Dee, Rossanne M Philen, Coralie Giese, Christopher S Murrill, Ray R Arthur, Benoit I Kebela
On April 23, 2016, the Democratic Republic of the Congo's (DRC's) Ministry of Health declared a yellow fever outbreak. As of May 24, 2016, approximately 90% of suspected yellow fever cases (n = 459) and deaths (45) were reported in a single province, Kongo Central Province, that borders Angola, where a large yellow fever outbreak had begun in December 2015. Two yellow fever mass vaccination campaigns were conducted in Kongo Central Province during May 25-June 7, 2016 and August 17-28, 2016. In June 2016, the DRC Ministry of Health requested assistance from CDC to control the outbreak...
March 31, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348756/amoeboma-in-a-saudi-resident-a-case-report
#20
Sanaa Al Rehily, Reham Kaki, Fahad Al Ghamdi, Dalia El-Hossary
INTRODUCTION: Amoebiasis is the third most frequent cause of mortality after malaria and schistosomiasis. In developed countries, amebiasis is also seen in migrants who have travelled to endemic areas. The factors responsible for its progression from intestinal amebiasis to an amebic liver abscess are not fully understood. CASE PRESENTATION: A 54-year-old man presented with abdominal pain, fever and diarrhoea. Laparotomy confirmed an inflammatory mass involving the right colon, and he underwent a right hemicolectomy...
June 2016: JMM Case Reports
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