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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786938/inhibition-and-kinetic-studies-of-lignin-degrading-enzymes-of-ganoderma-boninense-by-naturally-occurring-phenolic-compounds
#1
Arthy Surendran, Yasmeen Siddiqui, Halimi Mohd Saud, Nusaibah Syd Ali, Sivakumar Manickam
AIM: Lignolytic (Lignin degrading) enzyme, from oil palm pathogen Ganoderma boninense Pat. (Syn G. orbiforme (Ryvarden), is involved in the detoxification and the degradation of lignin in the oil palm and is the rate-limiting step in the infection process of this fungus. Active inhibition of lignin degrading enzymes secreted by G. boninense by various naturally occurring phenolic compounds and estimation of efficiency on pathogen suppression was aimed at. METHODS AND RESULTS: In our work, ten naturally occurring phenolic compounds were evaluated for their inhibitory potential towards the lignolytic enzymes of G...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786843/effect-of-canning-and-freezing-on-the-nutritional-content-of-apricots
#2
Erin Claire Adkison, William B Biasi, Veronique Bikoba, Dirk M Holstege, Elizabeth J Mitcham
The effect of commercial canning and freezing on the nutritional content of fresh apricots was investigated. Processed samples were analyzed post-processing and after 3 months of storage and compared directly to fresh apricots from the same source. Vitamin C, beta-carotene, total phenols, and antioxidants were quantified. Compared to fresh, canned apricots initially exhibited similar levels of antioxidants, a 17% increase in beta-carotene, and a 48% increase in phenols, while vitamin C was reduced by 37%. After 3 months of storage, antioxidant levels were 47% higher than fresh...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786838/edible-gum-phenolic-lipid-incorporated-gluten-films-for-food-packaging
#3
Rui Liu, Xu Cong, Yingshi Song, Tao Wu, Min Zhang
The aim of this investigation was to improve the barrier and mechanical properties of gluten films and further explore their application in the packaging of seasonings. The effects of flaxseed gum (FG), oligomeric procyanidins (OPCs), and lauric acid (LA) on the water vapor permeability (WVP), mechanical properties, and peroxide value (POV) were determined. FG and OPCs improved the WVP properties of the gluten films, whereas LA significantly improved the oxygen-barrier properties. The FG/OPCs/LA/GP composite film was then optimized, and the morphological, microstructural, and thermal properties of the composite gluten film were investigated by scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, surface hydrophobicity analysis; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; thermal gravimetric analysis, respectively...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786832/the-primary-active-components-antioxidant-properties-and-differential-metabolite-profiles-of-radish-sprouts-raphanus-sativus-l-upon-domestic-storage-analysis-of-nutritional-quality
#4
Ru Li, Yi Zhu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to analyze the nutritional quality of radish sprouts (Raphanus sativus L.) upon domestic short-term storage. We stored fresh radish sprouts at 25±1°C and at 4±1°C for 12 h, detected phenolic substances, glucosinolates, isothiocyanates, vitamin C, and various antioxidant and abiotic stress-related factors. We investigated nutrient-related metabolic differences and associated pathways and postharvest treatment effects on nutritional quality via metabolomics analysis...
May 21, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786770/the-extract-of-leonurus-sibiricus-transgenic-roots-with-atpap1-transcriptional-factor-induces-apoptosis-via-dna-damage-and-down-regulation-of-selected-epigenetic-factors-in-human-cancer-cells
#5
Przemysław Sitarek, Tomasz Kowalczyk, Simona Santangelo, Adam J Białas, Monika Toma, Joanna Wieczfinska, Tomasz Śliwiński, Ewa Skała
The aim of this study was to determine the anticancer potential of Leonurus sibiricus extract derived from in vitro transgenic roots transformed by Agrobacetrium rhizogenes with AtPAP1 transcriptional factor, and that of transformed roots without construct, on grade IV human glioma cells and the U87MG cell line, and attempt to characterize the mechanism involved in this process. The anticancer effect induced by the tested extracts was associated with DNA damage, PARP cleavage/increased H2A.X histone levels and UHRF-1/DNMT1 down-regulation of mRNA levels...
May 21, 2018: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785774/thymol-thyme-and-other-plant-sources-health-and-potential-uses
#6
REVIEW
Bahare Salehi, Abhay Prakash Mishra, Ila Shukla, Mehdi Sharifi-Rad, María Del Mar Contreras, Antonio Segura-Carretero, Hannane Fathi, Nafiseh Nasri Nasrabadi, Farzad Kobarfard, Javad Sharifi-Rad
Thymol is a naturally occurring phenol monoterpene derivative of cymene and isomer of carvacrol. Thymol (10-64%) is one of the major constituent of essential oils of thyme (Thymus vulgaris L., Lamiaceae), a medicinal plant with several therapeutic properties. This plant, native to Mediterranean regions, is commonly used as a culinary herb and also with a long history of use for different medicinal purposes. Nowadays, thymol and thyme present a wide range of functional possibilities in pharmacy, food, and cosmetic industry...
May 22, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785765/water-molecules-gating-a-photoinduced-one-electron-two-protons-transfer-in-a-tyr-his-model-of-photosystem-ii
#7
Georgios Chararalambidis, Syamal Das, Adelais Trapali, Annamaria Quaranta, Maylis Orio, Zakaria Halime, Pierre Fertey, Régis Guillot, Athanassios Coutsolelos, Winfried Leibl, Ally Aukauloo, Marie Sircoglou
In this report, we investigate on a biomimetic model of a H-bonded TyrZ/His190 pair covalently attached to a porphyrin sensitizer. Laser flash photolysis in presence of an external electron acceptor reveals the need of water molecules to unlock the light-induced oxidation of the phenol through an intramolecular pathway. Kinetics monitoring encompasses two fast phases with distinct spectral properties. The first phase is related to one-electron transfer from the phenol to the porphyrin radical cation coupled with a domino two-proton transfer leading to the ejection of a proton from the imidazole-phenol pair...
May 22, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785173/phytochemicals-that-influence-gut-microbiota-as-prophylactics-and-for-the-treatment-of-obesity-and-inflammatory-diseases
#8
REVIEW
Lucrecia Carrera-Quintanar, Rocío I López Roa, Saray Quintero-Fabián, Marina A Sánchez-Sánchez, Barbara Vizmanos, Daniel Ortuño-Sahagún
Gut microbiota (GM) plays several crucial roles in host physiology and influences several relevant functions. In more than one respect, it can be said that you "feed your microbiota and are fed by it." GM diversity is affected by diet and influences metabolic and immune functions of the host's physiology. Consequently, an imbalance of GM, or dysbiosis, may be the cause or at least may lead to the progression of various pathologies such as infectious diseases, gastrointestinal cancers, inflammatory bowel disease, and even obesity and diabetes...
2018: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784377/electronic-eye-for-the-prediction-of-parameters-related-to-grape-ripening
#9
G Orlandi, R Calvini, L Pigani, G Foca, G Vasile Simone, A Antonelli, A Ulrici
An electronic eye (EE) for fast and easy evaluation of grape phenolic ripening has been developed. For this purpose, berries of different grape varieties were collected at different harvest times from veraison to maturity, then an amount of the derived must was deposited on a white sheet of absorbent paper to obtain a sort of paper chromatography. Thus, RGB images of the must spots were collected using a flatbed scanner and converted into one-dimensional signals, named colourgrams, which codify the colour properties of the images...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784333/2-4-alkadienal-trapping-by-phenolics
#10
Francisco J Hidalgo, Rosario Zamora
Phenolics can trap lipid-derived reactive carbonyls as a protective function that diminishes the broadcasting of the lipid oxidative damage to food macromolecules. In an attempt to clarify the trapping of 2,4-alkadienals by phenolics, this study analyzes the reactions of 2,4-hexadienal, 2,4-heptadienal, and 2,4-decadienal with 2-methylresorcinol. These reactions produced (E)-4-(alk-1-en-1-yl)-8-methyl-2,7-bis(prop-1-en-2-yloxy)chromanes, which were isolated and characterized by 1D and 2D NMR and MS. Carbonyl-phenol adduct formation was favored at pH > 7 and moderate temperatures (25-80 °C)...
October 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784332/whey-acerola-flavoured-drink-submitted-ohmic-heating-bioactive-compounds-antioxidant-capacity-thermal-behavior-water-mobility-fatty-acid-profile-and-volatile-compounds
#11
Leandro P Cappato, Marcus Vinicius S Ferreira, Jeremias Moraes, Roberto P S Pires, Ramon S Rocha, Ramon Silva, Roberto P C Neto, Maria Inês B Tavares, Mônica Q Freitas, Flavio N Rodrigues, Veronica M A Calado, Renata S L Raices, Marcia C Silva, Adriano G Cruz
Whey acerola-flavoured drink was subjected to Ohmic Heating (OH) under different operational conditions (45, 60, 80 V at 60 Hz and 10, 100, 1000 Hz with 25 V, 65 °C/30 min) and conventional pasteurization (65 °C/30 min). Bioactive compounds (total phenolics, DPPH, FRAP, ACE levels), fatty acid profile, volatile compounds (CG-MS), thermal behaviors (DSC) and water mobility (TD-NMR) were performed. Reduction of frequency (1000-10 Hz) resulted in a lower bioactive compounds and antioxidant capacity of the samples, except for the DPPH values...
October 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784329/health-and-taste-related-compounds-in-strawberries-under-various-irrigation-regimes-and-bio-stimulant-application
#12
Burcak Kapur, Mehmet Ali Sarıdaş, Eser Çeliktopuz, Ebru Kafkas, Sevgi Paydaş Kargı
Strawberry has a unique status within the fruit species in terms of health and taste related compounds. This experimental study concerned the application of a bio-stimulant at various drip irrigation levels (IR125, IR100, IR75 and IR50). The effects of the bio-stimulant (seaweed extract) on the eating quality, i.e., the taste-related (TSS, fructose, glucose, sucrose and citric, malic, l-ascorbic acid), and health-related (antioxidant activity, total phenol, myricetin and quercetin) compounds were studied in two strawberry cultivars...
October 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784324/a-new-approach-for-facile-synthesis-of-phytosteryl-phenolates
#13
Huiqi Wang, Chengsheng Jia, Sujie Guo, Eric Karangwa, Xiaoming Zhang
In this study, a one-step method for producing phytosteryl phenolates, namely phytosteryl cinnamate and ferulate, has been successfully developed and their chemical structures were confirmed by FT-IR, MS and NMR. The highest yield of phytosteryl ferulate (85.7%) was obtained at 100 °C for 2 h after optimization. A Lewis acid catalyst scandium triflate was selected as the catalyst, and it turned out that it could be reused for at least five times without significant loss of activity. Meanwhile, it has been demonstrated that the solubility of phytosteryl phenolates in soybean oil was much higher than in both phenolic acid and phytosterol, which was conducive to expand their applications in oil-based food...
October 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784316/structural-profile-of-soluble-and-bound-phenolic-compounds-in-teff-eragrostis-tef-reveals-abundance-of-distinctly-different-flavones-in-white-and-brown-varieties
#14
Shreeya Ravisankar, Kebede Abegaz, Joseph M Awika
Reliable data on polyphenol in teff, an increasingly important food crop, is currently lacking. This study investigated the structural and quantitative profile of soluble and bound polyphenols in white and brown teff grown in Ethiopia and USA using LC-tandem quadrupole mass spectrometry. Thirty-four phenolic compounds (32 newly identified in teff), mostly flavones and phenolic acid derivatives, were characterized. Unusually high levels of flavones were present in both white (1398-2049 μg/g), and brown (1720-1847 μg/g) teff soluble fractions...
October 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784311/hydrothermal-treatment-of-maize-changes-in-physical-chemical-and-functional-properties
#15
Verónica Rocha-Villarreal, Jessica Fernanda Hoffmann, Nathan Levien Vanier, Sergio O Serna-Saldivar, Silverio García-Lara
The objective of this work was to assess the effects of a traditional parboiling treatment on physical, chemical and functional properties of yellow maize kernels. For this, maize kernels were subjected to the three main stages of a traditional parboiling process (soaking, steaming, and drying) at different moisture contents (15%, 25%, or 35%), and different pressure steaming times (0, 15, or 30 min). Kernels were evaluated for physical and chemical changes, while manually generated endosperm fractions were further evaluated for nutritional and functional changes...
October 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784308/starch-and-antioxidant-compound-release-during-in-vitro-gastrointestinal-digestion-of-gluten-free-pasta
#16
Gustavo A Camelo-Méndez, Edith Agama-Acevedo, Cristina M Rosell, Maria de J Perea-Flores, Luis A Bello-Pérez
The microstructure of cooked gluten-free pasta depends on the ingredients used, and this microstructure affects the starch hydrolysis (SH), the release of phenolic compounds (PC) and their antioxidant capacity (AC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the SD and bioaccessibility of PC during in vitro gastrointestinal digestion of gluten-free pasta and its relationship with the microstructure. The highest SH was during the intestinal phase (≈60%), but pasta with the highest content of unripe plantain and chickpea presented the lowest release of PC (≈60%)...
October 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784301/two-new-farnesyl-phenolic-compounds-with-anti-inflammatory-activities-from-ganoderma-duripora
#17
Jie-Qing Liu, Chen-Lei Lian, Tian-Yong Hu, Cui-Fang Wang, Ying Xu, Lei Xiao, Zhi-Qiang Liu, Shu-Qi Qiu, Bao-Hui Cheng
Ganoderma fungi have long been used as a famous traditional medicine and food in country of East Asia. In this work, two new farnesyl phenolic compounds, ganoduriporols A and B (1 and 2), were isolated from the fruiting bodies of Ganoderma duripora, and their structures were elucidated using various spectroscopic methods. Anti-inflammatory activities were assayed and evaluated for the two compounds. Ganoduriporols A and B exhibited dose-dependent anti-inflammatory effects in RAW 264.7 cells. Furthermore, ganoduriporol A was demonstrated to inhibit the production of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2 ) through the suppression of COX-2, MAPK and NF-κB signaling pathway in LPS-induced macrophage cells...
October 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783170/impact-of-long-term-salinity-exposure-in-anaerobic-membrane-bioreactors-treating-phenolic-wastewater-performance-robustness-and-endured-microbial-community
#18
Julian D Muñoz Sierra, Margreet J Oosterkamp, Wei Wang, Henri Spanjers, Jules B van Lier
Industrial wastewaters are becoming increasingly associated with extreme conditions such as the presence of refractory compounds and high salinity that adversely affect biomass retention or reduce biological activity. Hence, this study evaluated the impact of long-term salinity increase to 20 gNa+ .L-1 on the bioconversion performance and microbial community composition in anaerobic membrane bioreactors treating phenolic wastewater. Phenol removal efficiency of up to 99.9% was achieved at 14 gNa+ .L-1 . Phenol conversion rates of 5...
May 7, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782545/rosmarinic-acid-is-a-novel-inhibitor-for-hepatitis-b-virus-replication-targeting-viral-epsilon-rna-polymerase-interaction
#19
Yuta Tsukamoto, Sotaro Ikeda, Koji Uwai, Riho Taguchi, Kazuaki Chayama, Takemasa Sakaguchi, Ryo Narita, Wan-Ling Yao, Fumihiko Takeuchi, Yukie Otakaki, Koichi Watashi, Takaji Wakita, Hiroki Kato, Takashi Fujita
Current therapeutics for hepatitis B virus (HBV) patients such as nucleoside analogs (NAs) are effective; however, new antiviral drugs against HBV are still desired. Since the interaction between the epsilon (ε) sequence of HBV pregenomic RNA and viral polymerase (Pol) is a key step in the HBV replication cycle, we aimed to identify small compounds for its inhibition, and established a pull-down assay system for the detection of ε-RNA-binding-Pol. Screening showed that 5 out of 3,965 compounds inhibited ε-Pol binding, and we identified rosmarinic acid, which exhibited specificity, as a potential antiviral agent...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782169/indium-catalysts-for-low-pressure-co-2-epoxide-ring-opening-copolymerization-evidence-for-a-mononuclear-mechanism
#20
Arnaud Thevenon, Anish Cyriac, Dominic Myers, Andrew J P White, Christopher B Durr, Charlotte K Williams
The alternating copolymerization of CO2 /epoxides is a useful means to incorporate high levels of carbon dioxide into polymers. The reaction is generally proposed to occur by bimetallic or bicomponent pathways. Here, the first indium catalysts are presented, which are proposed to operate by a distinct mononuclear pathway. The most active and selective catalysts are phosphasalen complexes, which feature ligands comprising two iminophosphoranes linked to sterically hindered ortho-phenolates. The catalysts are active at 1 bar pressure of carbon dioxide and are most effective without any cocatalyst...
May 21, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
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