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Rocuronium allergy

Yu Yil Kim, Ik Thae Kim, Sung In Shin, So Mang Yim
Background: Neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) are a leading cause of perioperative anaphylaxis. However, the performance of systematic screening skin tests to detect reactions for NMBAs prior to general anesthesia is not recommended. We retrospectively examined intradermal tests (IDTs) for rocuronium and cisatracurium in patients with a history of allergy. Methods: We reviewed the records of patients who underwent IDTs for NMBAs between January 1 and December 31, 2016...
April 24, 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Stefan Soltesz, Christian Stark, Karl G Noé, Michael Anapolski, Thomas Mencke
BACKGROUND: Adequate muscle relaxation is important for ensuring optimal conditions for intubation. Although acceleromyography of the adductor pollicis muscle is commonly used to assess conditions for intubation, we hypothesized that acceleromyography of the trapezius is more indicative of optimal intubating conditions. The primary outcome was the difference between both measurement sites with regard to prediction of good or acceptable intubating conditions. METHODS: Neuromuscular blockade after injection of rocuronium 0...
August 17, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
Karen S Hsu Blatman, David L Hepner
Perioperative anaphylaxis is an iatrogenic clinical condition, most often after anesthetic induction. Several mechanisms are implicated, including IgE- and non-IgE-mediated mechanisms. Perioperative anaphylaxis tends to be severe and has a higher mortality rate than anaphylaxis in other settings. This is partly due to factors that impair early recognition of anaphylaxis. Neuromuscular blocking agents, latex containing products, and antibiotics are the most common etiology. Chlorhexidine and dyes are increasingly culprits...
May 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
I I Decuyper, E A Mangodt, A L Van Gasse, K Claesen, A Uyttebroek, M Faber, V Sabato, C H Bridts, C Mertens, M M Hagendorens, L S De Clerck, Didier G Ebo
BACKGROUND: For most physicians, quantification of drug-specific immunoglobulin E (drug-sIgE) antibodies constitutes the primary in vitro measure to document immediate drug hypersensitivity reactions (IDHR). Unfortunately, this is often insufficient to correctly identify patients with IgE-mediated IDHR and impossible for non-IgE-mediated IDHR that result from alternative routes of basophil and mast cell activation. In these difficult cases, diagnosis might benefit from cellular tests such as basophil activation tests (BAT)...
June 2017: Drugs in R&D
Vladimir Kuric, Khaled J Zaza, Sulaiman S Algazlan
The danger of anaphylaxis, a rare but life threatening complication of general anesthesia (GA) can be summarized in two: 1. General Anesthesia masks the typical early signs of allergy which can be seen in an awake patient. 2. Anaphylaxis during GA manifests mostly as circulatory/ventilatory failures which can be interpreted as adverse effects of anesthetics or surgery and this can lead to critical delay of effective therapy. A 19-year-old female admitted for posterior spinal fusion and instrumentation (the 5th surgery in patient's life) desaturated seconds after intubation...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
C Tacquard, O Collange, P Gomis, J-M Malinovsky, N Petitpain, P Demoly, S Nicoll, P M Mertes
BACKGROUND: Immediate hypersensitivity reactions during anaesthesia are rare but potentially life-threatening. The epidemiology changes with time and evolving professional practice, and hence needs to be monitored. Our objective was to follow this epidemiology. METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational study in French hospital clinics, conducted by GERAP members (Groupe d'Étude des Réactions Anaphylactoïdes Périopératoires). Consecutive patients seen in allergo-anaesthesia outpatient clinics, who had experienced a hypersensitivity reaction during anaesthesia between 1 January 2011 and 31 December 2012, were included...
March 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Nilay Boztas, Sermin Oztekin, Sevda Ozkardes, Mert Akan, Sule Ozbilgin, Ayse Baytok
OBJECTIVE: We compared the effects of three different doses of remifentanil infusion, which were performed for the induction of anesthesia in elder patients, on cardiovascular response. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The present study was designed as a randomized, prospective and double-blind study. A total of 90 ASA I-II patients over the age of 65 years were enrolled. The patients were randomly (by lot) assigned to receive one of the three doses of remifentanil infusion (0...
January 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Sayaka Ishigaki, Takahiro Ogura, Ayana Kanaya, Yu Miyake, Kenichi Masui, Tomiei Kazama
BACKGROUND: The influence of preoperative rehydration on the action of rocuronium has not yet been investigated. OBJECTIVE: The objective is to evaluate the hypothesis that preoperative rehydration lowers arterial rocuronium plasma concentrations and changes its associated neuromuscular blocking effects during induction of anaesthesia. DESIGN: Randomised, single-blinded study. SETTING: A secondary hospital from October 2013 to July 2014...
January 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Taghreed Alshaeri, Deepak Gupta, Ananthamurthy Nagabhushana
Anaphylaxis during anesthesia is uncommon. Diagnosis of peri-anesthesia anaphylaxis (PAA) requires anesthesia providers' vigilance for prompt diagnosis and treatment. In this case report, we present a challenging case with suspected PAA including its perioperative management, intensive care unit (ICU) course, and post-discharge follow-up. A 44-year-old female (body mass index = 26) presented for elective abdominal panniculectomy. Post-intubation, severe bronchospasm occurred that was non-responsive to nebulized albuterol and intravenous epinephrine...
February 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
I I Decuyper, D G Ebo, A P Uyttebroek, M M Hagendorens, M A Faber, C H Bridts, L S De Clerck, V Sabato
BACKGROUND: For many physicians, quantification of serum drug-specific IgE (sIgE) antibodies constitutes the first measure in the diagnostic approach of immediate drug hypersensitivity reactions (IDHR). AIM: To review the accuracy and limitations of the main drug-sIgE tests, especially those that are commercially available. METHODS: A literature search was conducted, using the key-words allergy, diagnosis, drugs, hypersensitivity, specific IgE antibodies; this was complemented by the authors' own experience...
September 1, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
E M Schulberg, A R Webb, H Kolawole
We present a case of early skin and challenge testing in a patient following severe anaphylaxis to rocuronium. The patient presented for semi-elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy and developed anaphylaxis with severe cardiovascular collapse after induction of anaesthesia. Surgery was cancelled but was considered necessary before the recommended four to six weeks for formal allergy testing. Limited skin and challenge testing was performed to rocuronium and cisatracurium while the patient was in the intensive care unit to identify a safe neuromuscular blocking drug for subsequent early surgery...
May 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Anca-Mirela Chiriac, Pascal Demoly
Allergy to neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) has been the first cause of perioperative anaphylaxis for decades, in most countries. The most frequently involved agents are suxamethonium and rocuronium. The allergy work-up is compulsory to demonstrate or rule out allergy to NMBAs, if there is a compatible clinical history. Doing otherwise exposes the patient to death if the same or related NMBA is re-injected. In cases of true allergy, assessing cross-reactivity to other NMBAs is mandatory. The cross-sensitization hypothesis is presently being investigated and if confirmed, it could allow primary prevention measures to be implemented...
September 2016: La Presse Médicale
Natalia Hagau, Nadia Gherman, Mihaela Cocis, Cristina Petrisor
BACKGROUND: Skin tests for neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) are not currently recommended for the general population undergoing general anaesthesia. In a previous study we have reported a high incidence of positive allergy tests for NMBAs in patients with a positive history of non-anaesthetic drug allergy, a larger prospective study being needed to confirm those preliminary results. The objective of this study was to compare the skin tests results for patients with a positive history of antibiotic-induced immediate type hypersensitivity reactions to those of controls without drug allergies...
January 2016: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
N Cop, A P Uyttebroek, V Sabato, C H Bridts, L S De Clerck, D G Ebo
Histamine and its release can be studied by multicolor flow cytometry on a single cell level by an enzyme affinity method (HistaFlow®). However, for the time-being, the clinical and scientific application of the HistaFlow® technique remains limited. This study aims at verifying the reliability of the HistaFlow® as an instrument to quantify IgE-mediated basophil responses to drugs, i.e., rocuronium, which are believed to be less potent basophil activators than large proteinaceous allergens. Ten patients and three exposed control individuals were included in this study...
May 2016: Cytometry. Part B, Clinical Cytometry
A P Uyttebroek, V Sabato, J Leysen, C H Bridts, L S De Clerck, D G Ebo
BACKGROUND: Allergy to atracurium is a rare condition with serious consequences of diagnostic error. However, correct diagnosis is not always straightforward. The aim of this study is to assess the utility of the basophil activation test (BAT) in atracurium sensitization and to investigate its role in identifying cross-reactivity between muscle relaxants. METHODS: For validation, eight patients with perioperative anaphylaxis to atracurium and seven individuals experiencing perioperative anaphylaxis but not exposed to neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBA) were included...
October 2014: Allergy
J Leysen, A Uyttebroek, V Sabato, C H Bridts, L S De Clerck, D G Ebo
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) are a predominant cause of perioperative anaphylaxis in Europe. Diagnosis of NMBA allergy relies upon the careful review of the anaesthetic report complemented with skin tests. Additional diagnostic tests are quantification of specific IgE antibodies (sIgE) and basophil activation test (BAT). However, data on the predictive value of the skin tests, the BAT and the sIgE assays (drug-specific and substituted ammonium structures) are limited or not available, mainly because such exploration requires dangerous NMBA provocation tests...
August 2014: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Benjamin Conte, Lana Zoric, Gerard Bonada, Bertrand Debaene, Jacques Ripart
AIM: To report rapid recovery from grade IV rocuronium-induced anaphylaxis with a large dose of sugammadex administered early after the onset of symptoms. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 22-yr-old female without relevant medical history developed an anaphylactic reaction within three minutes of rocuronium injection at induction of anesthesia for a routine cholecystectomy. During the first six minutes, she was unresponsive to usual treatment and her condition evolved to a grade IV anaphylaxis reaction despite a cumulated dose of epinephrine 0...
June 2014: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
J Antunes, A-M Kochuyt, J L Ceuppens
BACKGROUND: The incidence of perioperative anaphylactic reactions is overall estimated to be 1 per 10,000-20,000 anaesthetic procedures. We performed a retrospective analysis of patients referred to a University Allergy Centre in Belgium with the suspicion of an allergic reaction during or shortly after general anaesthesia. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to assess the causes of perioperative allergic reactions, to evaluate cross-reactivity among neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBA) and to analyze the diagnostic relevance of tryptase levels in the discrimination between IgE and non-IgE-mediated reactions...
July 2014: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
A Armentia, F Pineda, R Palacios, F-J Martín-Gil, A S Miguel, J J Arenal, J Tejedor, B M Tef
BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis during anaesthesia is fatal in 3-9% of patients and analgesics, including opioids, and is the second most common medicament-related cause, although the prevalence is underestimated. We recently found that patients may generate IgE antibodies to opium seeds. OBJECTIVES: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of specific antibodies to morphine, codeine, rocuronium and oil body and aqueous fractions of Papaver somniferum seeds in the diagnosis and prevention of allergy to opioids...
January 2014: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
A F Pedersen, S Green, M A Rose
We present a case of anaphylaxis to suxamethonium and/or vecuronium in a patient who had previously suffered an anaphylactic reaction, presumably to rocuronium. The patient had not been referred for formal allergy testing after the first anaphylactic reaction. Subsequent formal allergy testing revealed sensitivities to suxamethonium, rocuronium and vecuronium. Her next anaesthetic, using cisatracurium, was uneventful. It is recommended that all patients with suspected perioperative anaphylaxis are referred for testing...
November 2012: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
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