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Rocuronium allergy

Nilay Boztas, Sermin Oztekin, Sevda Ozkardes, Mert Akan, Sule Ozbilgin, Ayse Baytok
OBJECTIVE: We compared the effects of three different doses of remifentanil infusion, which were performed for the induction of anesthesia in elder patients, on cardiovascular response. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The present study was designed as a randomized, prospective and double-blind study. A total of 90 ASA I-II patients over the age of 65 years were enrolled. The patients were randomly (by lot) assigned to receive one of the three doses of remifentanil infusion (0...
October 17, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Sayaka Ishigaki, Takahiro Ogura, Ayana Kanaya, Yu Miyake, Kenichi Masui, Tomiei Kazama
BACKGROUND: The influence of preoperative rehydration on the action of rocuronium has not yet been investigated. OBJECTIVE: The objective is to evaluate the hypothesis that preoperative rehydration lowers arterial rocuronium plasma concentrations and changes its associated neuromuscular blocking effects during induction of anaesthesia. DESIGN: Randomised, single-blinded study. SETTING: A secondary hospital from October 2013 to July 2014...
September 2, 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Taghreed Alshaeri, Deepak Gupta, Ananthamurthy Nagabhushana
Anaphylaxis during anesthesia is uncommon. Diagnosis of peri-anesthesia anaphylaxis (PAA) requires anesthesia providers' vigilance for prompt diagnosis and treatment. In this case report, we present a challenging case with suspected PAA including its perioperative management, intensive care unit (ICU) course, and post-discharge follow-up. A 44-year-old female (body mass index = 26) presented for elective abdominal panniculectomy. Post-intubation, severe bronchospasm occurred that was non-responsive to nebulized albuterol and intravenous epinephrine...
February 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
I I Decuyper, D G Ebo, A P Uyttebroek, M M Hagendorens, M A Faber, C H Bridts, L S De Clerck, V Sabato
BACKGROUND: For many physicians, quantification of serum drug-specific IgE (sIgE) antibodies constitutes the first measure in the diagnostic approach of immediate drug hypersensitivity reactions (IDHR). AIM: To review the accuracy and limitations of the main drug-sIgE tests, especially those that are commercially available. METHODS: A literature search was conducted, using the key-words allergy, diagnosis, drugs, hypersensitivity, specific IgE antibodies; this was complemented by the authors' own experience...
September 1, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
E M Schulberg, A R Webb, H Kolawole
We present a case of early skin and challenge testing in a patient following severe anaphylaxis to rocuronium. The patient presented for semi-elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy and developed anaphylaxis with severe cardiovascular collapse after induction of anaesthesia. Surgery was cancelled but was considered necessary before the recommended four to six weeks for formal allergy testing. Limited skin and challenge testing was performed to rocuronium and cisatracurium while the patient was in the intensive care unit to identify a safe neuromuscular blocking drug for subsequent early surgery...
May 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Anca-Mirela Chiriac, Pascal Demoly
Allergy to neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) has been the first cause of perioperative anaphylaxis for decades, in most countries. The most frequently involved agents are suxamethonium and rocuronium. The allergy work-up is compulsory to demonstrate or rule out allergy to NMBAs, if there is a compatible clinical history. Doing otherwise exposes the patient to death if the same or related NMBA is re-injected. In cases of true allergy, assessing cross-reactivity to other NMBAs is mandatory. The cross-sensitization hypothesis is presently being investigated and if confirmed, it could allow primary prevention measures to be implemented...
September 2016: La Presse Médicale
Natalia Hagau, Nadia Gherman, Mihaela Cocis, Cristina Petrisor
BACKGROUND: Skin tests for neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) are not currently recommended for the general population undergoing general anaesthesia. In a previous study we have reported a high incidence of positive allergy tests for NMBAs in patients with a positive history of non-anaesthetic drug allergy, a larger prospective study being needed to confirm those preliminary results. The objective of this study was to compare the skin tests results for patients with a positive history of antibiotic-induced immediate type hypersensitivity reactions to those of controls without drug allergies...
January 2016: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
N Cop, A P Uyttebroek, V Sabato, C H Bridts, L S De Clerck, D G Ebo
Histamine and its release can be studied by multicolor flow cytometry on a single cell level by an enzyme affinity method (HistaFlow®). However, for the time-being, the clinical and scientific application of the HistaFlow® technique remains limited. This study aims at verifying the reliability of the HistaFlow® as an instrument to quantify IgE-mediated basophil responses to drugs, i.e., rocuronium, which are believed to be less potent basophil activators than large proteinaceous allergens. Ten patients and three exposed control individuals were included in this study...
May 2016: Cytometry. Part B, Clinical Cytometry
A P Uyttebroek, V Sabato, J Leysen, C H Bridts, L S De Clerck, D G Ebo
BACKGROUND: Allergy to atracurium is a rare condition with serious consequences of diagnostic error. However, correct diagnosis is not always straightforward. The aim of this study is to assess the utility of the basophil activation test (BAT) in atracurium sensitization and to investigate its role in identifying cross-reactivity between muscle relaxants. METHODS: For validation, eight patients with perioperative anaphylaxis to atracurium and seven individuals experiencing perioperative anaphylaxis but not exposed to neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBA) were included...
October 2014: Allergy
J Leysen, A Uyttebroek, V Sabato, C H Bridts, L S De Clerck, D G Ebo
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) are a predominant cause of perioperative anaphylaxis in Europe. Diagnosis of NMBA allergy relies upon the careful review of the anaesthetic report complemented with skin tests. Additional diagnostic tests are quantification of specific IgE antibodies (sIgE) and basophil activation test (BAT). However, data on the predictive value of the skin tests, the BAT and the sIgE assays (drug-specific and substituted ammonium structures) are limited or not available, mainly because such exploration requires dangerous NMBA provocation tests...
August 2014: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Benjamin Conte, Lana Zoric, Gerard Bonada, Bertrand Debaene, Jacques Ripart
AIM: To report rapid recovery from grade IV rocuronium-induced anaphylaxis with a large dose of sugammadex administered early after the onset of symptoms. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 22-yr-old female without relevant medical history developed an anaphylactic reaction within three minutes of rocuronium injection at induction of anesthesia for a routine cholecystectomy. During the first six minutes, she was unresponsive to usual treatment and her condition evolved to a grade IV anaphylaxis reaction despite a cumulated dose of epinephrine 0...
June 2014: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
J Antunes, A-M Kochuyt, J L Ceuppens
BACKGROUND: The incidence of perioperative anaphylactic reactions is overall estimated to be 1 per 10,000-20,000 anaesthetic procedures. We performed a retrospective analysis of patients referred to a University Allergy Centre in Belgium with the suspicion of an allergic reaction during or shortly after general anaesthesia. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to assess the causes of perioperative allergic reactions, to evaluate cross-reactivity among neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBA) and to analyze the diagnostic relevance of tryptase levels in the discrimination between IgE and non-IgE-mediated reactions...
July 2014: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
A Armentia, F Pineda, R Palacios, F-J Martín-Gil, A S Miguel, J J Arenal, J Tejedor, B M Tef
BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis during anaesthesia is fatal in 3-9% of patients and analgesics, including opioids, and is the second most common medicament-related cause, although the prevalence is underestimated. We recently found that patients may generate IgE antibodies to opium seeds. OBJECTIVES: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of specific antibodies to morphine, codeine, rocuronium and oil body and aqueous fractions of Papaver somniferum seeds in the diagnosis and prevention of allergy to opioids...
January 2014: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
A F Pedersen, S Green, M A Rose
We present a case of anaphylaxis to suxamethonium and/or vecuronium in a patient who had previously suffered an anaphylactic reaction, presumably to rocuronium. The patient had not been referred for formal allergy testing after the first anaphylactic reaction. Subsequent formal allergy testing revealed sensitivities to suxamethonium, rocuronium and vecuronium. Her next anaesthetic, using cisatracurium, was uneventful. It is recommended that all patients with suspected perioperative anaphylaxis are referred for testing...
November 2012: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
A Brereton, W J Russell
We audited patients with anaphylaxis to muscle relaxants during anaesthesia referred to the Department of Anaesthesia at the Royal Adelaide Hospital between the start of 2000 and the end of 2009. Of the 220 patients tested during this period, 43 had a positive intradermal test to the muscle relaxant given during their anaesthetic. The majority of these were to rocuronium and suxamethonium. Where rocuronium was the index agent, 65% of patients cross-reacted with another relaxant and 29% of patients with suxamethonium as their index agent demonstrated cross-reaction with another relaxant...
September 2012: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
R U Wahl, G Wurpts, H F Merk
During the induction of anesthesia for strabismus correction, a six-year-old boy suffered anaphylaxis with hypotension. Midazolam, propofol, sufentanil, rocuronium, dexamethasone and ibuprofen had been administered. The boy's history failed to reveal any drug allergies. Intracutaneous testings with drugs used for anesthesia and other muscle relaxants verified a positive reaction to rocuronium as well as to cisatracurium, mivacurium, vecuronium and atracurium. There was no reaction to suxamethonium.
November 2011: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
B A Baldo, N J McDonnell, N H Pham
Cyclodextrins, oligosaccharides linked in a circular arrangement around a central cavity, are used extensively in the pharmaceutical industry to improve drug delivery. Their usefulness depends on their capacity to form a drug inclusion, or host-guest, complex within the cavity. In an attempt to improve the delivery of the widely used neuromuscular blocking drug (NMBD) rocuronium, a rocuronium inclusion complex was formed with a chemically modified γ-cyclodextrin. The high binding affinity and specificity of the modified carrier (named sugammadex) for rocuronium (and other aminosteroid NMBDs) led to its use in anaesthesia as an innovative and useful agent for rapid reversal of rocuronium-induced neuromuscular block by sequestering the drug as an inclusion complex...
December 2011: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
R C Aalberse, I Kleine Budde, M Mulder, S O Stapel, W Paulij, F Leynadier, M W Hollmann
BACKGROUND: The significance of IgE antibodies to neuromuscular blocking agent (NMBA)-induced anaphylactic reactions during anaesthesia is unclear. We investigated the relevance of IgE to rocuronium using an in vitro technique. METHODS: Serum samples from 61 patients with anaphylactic reactions during anaesthesia were investigated. On the basis of clinical history, allergy to NMBA was considered likely in 48 patients, further assessed using intradermal skin tests for several commonly used NMBAs, including rocuronium, vecuronium, and succinylcholine...
May 2011: British Journal of Anaesthesia
J Leysen, C H Bridts, L S De Clerck, M Vercauteren, J Lambert, J J Weyler, W J Stevens, D G Ebo
BACKGROUND: Allergy to rocuronium can be life-threatening. Correct diagnosis is a prerequisite because of serious consequences of diagnostic error. OBJECTIVE: To assess skin testing, quantification of specific IgE (sIgE) and flow-assisted activation of basophils [basophil activation test (BAT)] in the diagnosis of rocuronium allergy. METHODS: This study comprises 104 curarized patients with a history of profound hypotension and severe bronchospasm immediately after induction of anaesthesia...
August 2011: Allergy
Won Ju Jeong, Woon Young Kim, Joo Hyung Son, Yoon-Sook Lee, Jae Hwan Kim, Young Cheol Park
Perioperative anaphylaxis is characterized by severe respiratory and cardiovascular manifestations. Correct management of anaphylaxis during anaesthesia requires a multidisciplinary approach with prompt recognition and treatment of the acute event by the attending anesthesiologist. A 34-year-old woman was scheduled to undergo endo venous laser therapy of varicose veins. She had no history of allergies and had never undergone general anesthesia. General anesthesia was induced with propofol and rocuronium bromide...
April 2010: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
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