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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437231/capsular-polysaccharide-types-and-virulence-related-traits-of-epidemic-kpc-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolates-in-a-chinese-university-hospital
#1
Yang Liu, Pan-Pan Liu, Lian-Hui Wang, Dan-Dan Wei, La-Gen Wan, Wei Zhang
Klebsiella pneumoniae is an important human pathogen associated with a variety of diseases and the prevalence of blaKPC carrying K. pneumoniae (KPC-Kp) is rapidly increasing. Capsule is an important virulence factor in K. pneumoniae. In this study, we determined to first systematically characterize capsular polysaccharide (CPS) and virulence traits in KPC-Kp strains. A total of 56 KPC-Kp isolates were recovered from clinical samples in a Chinese hospital, which were assigned to clonal lineages by multilocus sequence typing (MLST)...
February 24, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432860/high-ki-67-expression-is-associated-with-prolactin-secreting-pituitary-adenomas
#2
Bogdan Bălinişteanu, Anca Maria Cîmpean, Amalia Raluca Ceauşu, Ana Silvia Corlan, Eugen Melnic, Marius Raica
Pituitary adenomas represent the third most common primary intracranial tumor in neurosurgical practice. To understand the biological behaviour of the pituitary adenomas previous studies have determined the tumor proliferation rate using monoclonal antibodies targeted against the Ki-67 antigen. The aim of this study was to correlate the Ki-67 index with hormonal profiles of pituitary adenomas. The study included 50 pituitary adenoma cases. For histopathologic evaluation, the sections were stained with routine hematoxylin and eosin method...
April 22, 2017: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429371/design-of-a-short-non-uniform-acquisition-protocol-for-quantitative-analysis-in-dynamic-cardiac-spect-imaging-a-retrospective-123-i-mibg-animal-study
#3
Yunlong Zan, Yong Long, Kewei Chen, Biao Li, Qiu Huang, Grant T Gullberg
PURPOSE: Our previous works have found that quantitative analysis of (123) I-MIBG kinetics in the heart with dynamic single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) offers the potential to quantify the innervation integrity at an early stage of left ventricular hypertrophy. However, conventional protocols involving a long acquisition time for dynamic imaging reduce the animal survival rate and thus make longitudinal analysis difficult. The goal of this work was to develop a procedure to reduce the total acquisition time by selecting non-uniform acquisition times for projection views while maintaining the accuracy and precision of estimated physiologic parameters...
April 21, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428090/preparation-and-characterization-of-lipid-nanoparticle-pdna-complexes-for-stat3-downregulation-and-overcoming-chemotherapy-resistance-in-lung-cancer-cells
#4
Mustafa Kotmakçı, Vildan Bozok Çetintaş, A Gülten Kantarcı
Developments in the field of molecular oncology have revealed that resistance to chemotherapeutics is acqured through several mechanisms including overexpression of common oncogenic proteins. Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 3 (STAT3) is one of these oncogenes that is overexpressed in many cancer types. RNA interference (RNAi) is proven powerful tool for downregulating STAT3, allowing re-sensitization of resistant cancer cells. However, delivery of RNA interference-mediating molecules for STAT3 downregulation in lung cancer cells is limited to a small number of studies most of which employ commercially available transfection kits...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407450/finding-the-optimal-dose-of-vitamin-k1-to-treat-vitamin-k-deficiency-and-to-avoid-anaphylactoid-reactions
#5
Yan-Ni Mi, Na-Na Ping, Bo Li, Xue Xiao, Yan-Bing Zhu, Lei Cao, Jian-Kang Ren, Yong-Xiao Cao
Vitamin K1 injection induces severe dose-related anaphylactoid reactions and overdose for the treatment of vitamin K deficiency. We aimed to find an optimal and small dose of vitamin K1 injection to treat vitamin K deficiency and avoid anaphylactoid reactions in animal. Rats were administered a vitamin K-deficient diet and gentamicin to establish vitamin K deficiency model. Behaviour tests were performed in beagle dogs to observe anaphylactoid reactions. The results showed an increased protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist II (PIVKA-II) levels, a prolonging of prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), and a decrease in vitamin K-dependent coagulation factor (F) II, VII, IX and X activities in the model group...
April 13, 2017: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406522/inhibition-of-polyglutamine-aggregation-by-similar-huntingtin-n-terminal-sequences-prospective-molecules-for-preclinical-evaluation-in-huntington-s-disease
#6
Gunasekhar Burra, Ashwani Kumar Thakur
The mutant huntingtin protein (mHtt) fragments with expanded polyglutamine sequence forms microscopically visible aggregates in neurons, a hallmark of Huntington's disease (HD). The aggregation process and aggregates are possible targets of therapeutic intervention in HD. Due to lack of treatment and cure, the patients die within 15-20 years after the disease onset. Therefore, discovering therapeutic molecules that may either inhibit the aggregation mechanism or downregulate the toxic effects of mhtt are highly needed...
April 12, 2017: Biopolymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404526/stereospecific-cholinesterase-inhibition-by-o-s-diethylphenylphosphonothioate
#7
Ahmed Mohammed, Jennifer Sneathen, Sara Glazier Frojen, Louis Kuo, Cynthia M Dupureur
The inhibition kinetics and stereospecificity of the chiral nerve agent derivative O,S-diethylphenylphosphonothioate (DEPP) were examined for two forms of acetylcholinesterase (human and eel) and equine butyrylcholinesterase. Both S- and R-DEPP are poor inhibitors of eel AChE (IC50 150μM), consistent with a large, nondiscriminatory binding interaction in the active site of this enzyme. However, S-DEPP is active against human and equine AChE with low μM IC50s. DEPP stereospecificities (S/R) toward these enzymes are moderate (20) relative to other cholinesterase-organophosphate (OP) systems...
March 30, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403946/vitamin-k-and-osteoporosis-myth-or-reality
#8
REVIEW
Andrea Palermo, Dario Tuccinardi, Luca D'Onofrio, Mikiko Watanabe, Daria Maggi, Anna Rita Maurizi, Valentina Greto, Raffaella Buzzetti, Nicola Napoli, Paolo Pozzilli, Silvia Manfrini
Vitamin K is a liposoluble vitamin. The predominant dietary form, phylloquinone or vitamin K1, is found in plants and green vegetables; whereas menaquinone, or vitamin K2, is endogenously synthesized by intestinal bacteria and includes several subtypes that differ in side chain length. Aside from its established role in blood clotting, several studies now support a critical function of vitamin K in improving bone health. Vitamin K is in fact required for osteocalcin carboxylation that in turn regulates bone mineral accretion; it seems to promote the transition of osteoblasts to osteocytes and also limits the process of osteoclastogenesis...
May 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401220/polyoxotungstate-incorporating-organotriphosphonate-ligands-and-lanthanide-ions-syntheses-characterization-magnetism-and-photoluminescence-properties
#9
Ran Ban, Xiaopeng Sun, Jiawei Wang, Pengtao Ma, Chao Zhang, Jingyang Niu, Jingping Wang
Four structurally intriguing members of a new family of lanthanide (Ln)-containing organophosphonate-functionalized polyoxotungstates with the general formula K2[Ln(H2O)4(AsW9O33)(W2O3)(O3PCOHCH3PO3)Ln(H2O)7]2·15H2O [Ln = Ce (1Ce), Nd (2Nd), Sm (3Sm) and Eu (4Eu)] were directly isolated by controlling the reaction parameters and well established by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, PXRD analyses, IR spectra, elemental analyses, TG and EDX analyses. All the four three-dimensional frameworks consist of the S-shaped inorganic building block {[(AsW9O33)(W2O3)]2}, two organophosphonate groups {O3PCOHCH3PO3} and four Ln ions...
April 12, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395970/dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mri-detects-changes-in-vascular-transport-rate-constants-following-treatment-with-thermally-sensitive-liposomal-doxorubicin
#10
Brett Z Fite, Azadeh Kheirolomoom, Josquin L Foiret, Jai W Seo, Lisa M Mahakian, Elizabeth S Ingham, Sarah M Tam, Alexander D Borowsky, Fitz-Roy E Curry, Katherine W Ferrara
Temperature-sensitive liposomal formulations of chemotherapeutics, such as doxorubicin, can achieve locally high drug concentrations within a tumor and tumor vasculature while maintaining low systemic toxicity. Further, doxorubicin delivery by temperature-sensitive liposomes can reliably cure local cancer in mouse models. Histological sections of treated tumors have detected red cell extravasation within tumors treated with temperature-sensitive doxorubicin and ultrasound. We hypothesize that the local release of drug into the tumor vasculature and resulting high drug concentration can alter vascular transport rate constants along with having direct tumoricidal effects...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392922/first-report-of-invasive-liver-abscess-syndrome-with-endophthalmitis-caused-by-a-k2-serotype-st2398-hypervirulent-klebsiella-pneumoniae-in-germany-2016
#11
C Pichler, M Büchsel, J W Rossen, M Vavra, S Reuter, W V Kern, R Thimme, A Mischnik
We report a case of severe infection with liver abscess and endophthalmitis caused by a hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae strain in an immunocompetent German male patient without travel history to Asia. Phenotypic and molecular characterization showed high similarity to the reference genome NTUH-K2044 isolated in Asia. The isolate was assigned as ST2398 (clonal complex 66). The findings underline global spread of hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae strains to Europe.
May 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390348/relaxation-matrix-for-symmetric-tops-with-inversion-symmetry-line-coupling-and-line-mixing-effects-on-nh3-lines-in-the
#12
Q Ma, C Boulet, R H Tipping
Line shape parameters including the half-widths and the off-diagonal elements of the relaxation matrix have been calculated for self-broadened NH3 lines in the perpendicular ν4 band. As in the pure rotational and the parallel ν1 bands, the small inversion splitting in this band causes a complete failure of the isolated line approximation. As a result, one has to use formalisms not relying on this approximation. However, due to differences between parallel and perpendicular bands of NH3, the applicability of the formalism used in our previous studies of the ν1 band and other parallel bands must be carefully verified...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386842/vitamin-k2-inhibits-rat-vascular-smooth-muscle-cell-calcification-by-restoring-the-gas6-axl-akt-anti-apoptotic-pathway
#13
Cuiting Qiu, Haijun Zheng, Huiren Tao, Wenjun Yu, Xiaoyu Jiang, Aiqin Li, Hui Jin, Anlin Lv, Huan Li
Vascular calcification is associated with cardiovascular disease as a complication of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, and chronic kidney disease. Vitamin K2 (VK2) delays vascular calcification by an unclear mechanism. Moreover, apoptosis modulates vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) calcification. This paper aimed to study VK2-modified VSMC calcification and survival cell signaling mediated by growth arrest-specific gene 6 (Gas6) and its tyrosine kinase receptor Axl. Primary-cultured VSMCs were dose-dependently treated with VK2 in the presence of calcification medium for 8 days, or pre-treated for 1 h with/without the Axl inhibitor R428 (2 μmol/L) or the caspase inhibitor Z-VAD-fmk (20 μmol/L) followed by treatment with VK2 (10 μmol/L) or rmGas6 (200 nmol/L) in calcification medium for 8 days...
April 6, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386246/virulence-and-genomic-feature-of-a-virulent-klebsiella-pneumoniae-sequence-type-14-strain-of-serotype-k2-harboring-blandm-5-in-china
#14
Yan-Fang Mei, Pan-Pan Liu, La-Gen Wan, Yang Liu, Lian-Hui Wang, Dan-Dan Wei, Qiong Deng, Xian-Wei Cao
The objective of this study was to reveal the molecular mechanism involved in carbapenem resistance and virulence of a K2 Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolate 24835. The virulence of the strain was determined by in vitro and in vivo methods. The de novo whole-genome sequencing technology and molecular biology methods were used to analyze the genomic features associated with the carbapenem resistance and virulence of K. pneumoniae 24835. Strain 24835 was highly resistant to carbapenems and belonged to ST14, exhibited hypermucoviscous and unique K2-aerobactin-kfu-rmpA positive phenotype...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380613/influence-of-wet-heating-and-autoclaving-on-chemical-composition-and-standardized-ileal-crude-protein-and-amino-acid-digestibility-in-full-fat-soybeans-for-pigs
#15
C Kaewtapee, M Eklund, M Wiltafsky, H-P Piepho, R Mosenthin, P Rosenfelder
One batch each of eight full-fat soybeans (FFSB) was used to determine the effect of different heat treatments including wet heating (WH) and autoclaving (AC) on chemical composition and standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of CP and AA in growing pigs. The raw FFSB (K0) were either treated by WH at 80°C for 1 min (K1), at 100°C for 6 min (K2), or at 100°C for 16 min (K3). Thereafter, these batches were expanded at 125°C for 15 s. A further heat treatment included AC at 110°C for 15 (Z1), 30 (Z2), 45 (Z3), or 60 (Z4) min of FFSB that were subjected to the same WH treatment as K3...
February 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380238/three-1d-cyanide-bridged-m-ni-pd-pt-mn-ii-coordination-polymer-synthesis-crystal-structure-and-magnetic-properties
#16
Jingwen Shi, Chongchong Xue, Lingqian Kong, Daopeng Zhang
Three tetracyanide-containing building blocks K2[M(CN)4] (M = Ni, Pd, Pt) and one semi-closed macrocycle seven-coordinated manganese(II) compound have been employed to assemble cyanide-bridged heterometallic complexes, resulting in three cyanide-bridged MII-MnII complexes: [Mn(L)][Ni(CN)4] · 2H2O (1) [Mn(L)][Pd(CN)4] (2) and [Mn(L)][Pt(CN)4] (3) (L = 2,6-bis[1-(2-(N-methylamino)ethylimino)ethyl]pyridine). Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis shows their similar one-dimensional structure consisting of the alternating [Mn(L)]2+ species and [M(CN)4]2- building blocks, generating a cyanide-bridged neutral polymeric chain...
2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375514/clinical-implications-of-genomic-adaptation-and-evolution-of-carbapenem-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae
#17
Angela Gomez-Simmonds, Anne-Catrin Uhlemann
Klebsiella pneumoniae poses a major challenge to healthcare worldwide as an important cause of multidrug-resistant infections. Nosocomial clones, including epidemic sequence type 258 (ST258), have shown an affinity for acquiring and disseminating resistance plasmids, particularly variants of the K. pneumoniae carbapenemase. By comparison, the resurgence of severe community-associated K. pneumoniae infections has led to increased recognition of hypervirulent strains belonging to the K1 and K2 capsular serotypes, predominantly in eastern Asia...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370772/evaluation-of-splenic-perfusion-and-spleen-size-using-dynamic-ct-usefulness-in-assessing-degree-of-liver-fibrosis
#18
Takeshi Suzuki, Akira Yamada, Daisuke Komatsu, Masahiro Kurozumi, Yasunari Fujinaga, Kazuhiko Ueda, Shinichi Miyagawa, Masumi Kadoya
AIM: To enhance the usefulness of splenic perfusion evaluated by means of dynamic computed tomography (CT) and of spleen size in assessing the degree of liver fibrosis. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 133 patients who had undergone dynamic CT before hepatectomy. Fibrosis was histologically established in all. First we calculated splenic perfusion parameters K1 (inflow rate constant), 1/k2 (Mean Transit Time: MTT), and K1 /k2 (distribution volume: Vd ), using compartment model analysis...
April 1, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360207/-18-f-fluoromisonidazole-kinetic-modeling-for-characterization-of-tumor-perfusion-and-hypoxia-in-response-to-antiangiogenic-therapy
#19
Milan Grkovski, Sally-Ann Emmas, Sean D Carlin
Multiparametric imaging of tumor perfusion and hypoxia with (18)F-fluoromisonidazole ((18)F-FMISO) dynamic positron emission tomography (dPET) may allow for an improved response assessment to antiangiogenic therapies. Cediranib (AZD2171) is a potent inhibitor of tyrosine kinase activity associated with vascular endothelial growth factor receptors-1, -2 and -3, currently in Phase II/III clinical trials. Serial (18)F-FMISO dPET was performed to investigate changes in tumor biomarkers of perfusion and hypoxia following cediranib treatment...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359896/yield-study-with-the-release-property-of-polysaccharide-based-physical-hydrogels
#20
Komla Ako
Water-release from kappa-Carrageenan (kC) hydrogels (syneresis) has been studied by two experimental methods (1) one in which the exudate is enabled to surround the gel and (2) one in which the exudate is continuously removed from the gel surfaces. The pressures Pg caused by the gel weight decrease from 1Pa for method (1) and 500Pa for method (2). The syneresis of the gels at 2g/L kC with 40mM KCl has been observed to decrease with Pg for the highest pressures. However, for the lowest pressures, the pressure-dependence of the syneresis has not been found, although this gel shrank remarkably...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
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