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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649271/effect-of-electrochemotherapy-on-human-herpesvirus-8-kinetics-in-classic-kaposi-sarcoma
#1
Noemy Starita, Gianluca Di Monta, Andrea Cerasuolo, Ugo Marone, Anna Maria Anniciello, Gerardo Botti, Luigi Buonaguro, Franco M Buonaguro, Maria Lina Tornesello
BACKGROUND: Electrochemotherapy (ECT) has shown to be an effective treatment for cutaneous and subcutaneous Kaposi sarcoma (KS) lesions. However, no study has investigated the impact of ECT treatment on the kinetics of human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV8), which is considered the necessary causal agent of KS. We aimed to evaluate HHV8 viral load and expression levels in patients affected by classic KS who received one or more ECT treatments and have been followed semi annually for up to four years...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646812/oral-consumption-of-vitamin-k2-for-8-weeks-associated-with-increased-maximal-cardiac-output-during-exercise
#2
Brian K McFarlin, Andrea L Henning, Adam S Venable
Background • Vitamin K1 and K2 are not typically common in a Western diet because they are found in a variety of fermented foods. Vitamin K2 in particular has been demonstrated to restore mitochondrial function and has a key role in production of mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate. Thus, it is reasonable to speculate that dietary supplementation with vitamin K2 could increase the function of muscle with high mitochondrial content (ie, skeletal and cardiac muscle). Objective • The purpose of this study was to determine if 8 wk of dietary supplementation with Vitamin K2 could alter cardiovascular responses to a graded cycle ergometer test...
July 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641674/removal-of-organic-matter-and-etodolac-from-pharmaceutical-industry-wastewater-by-pac-adsorption
#3
Ilda Vergili, Sezin Gencdal
  The removal of organic matter and etodolac (an anti-inflammatory pharmaceutical) from a real process wastewater by using powdered activated carbon (PAC) adsorption before and after Fenton oxidation has been studied. The wastewater sample is collected from the final stage of chemical synthesis of a pharmaceutical (etodolac). Fenton oxidation resulted with decrease in chemical oxygen demand (84% removal) and etodolac concentration was reduced to 0.7 mg L-1. Optimum adsorption equilibrium conditions were found as t = 16 hours, and m = 10 g L-1...
July 1, 2017: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639696/modulation-of-global-sumoylation-by-kaposi-s-sarcoma-associated-herpesvirus-and-its-effects-on-viral-gene-expression
#4
Jinzhong Wang, Yuying Guo, Xu Wang, Rui Zhao, Ying Wang
Some viruses have evolved to exploit the host SUMOylation system to regulate their own replication. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) encodes K-bZIP, a SUMO E3 ligase catalyzing the SUMOylation of viral and host proteins. KSHV also encodes replication and transcriptional activator (RTA), a SUMO-targeted ubiquitin ligase catalyzing the ubiquitination of SUMOylated proteins and targeting them for degradation. Using chronic KSHV-infected TRE × BCBL-1 RTA cells, the expression kinetics of K-bZIP and RTA, and the global SUMOylation level were detected...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633427/genotypic-variation-in-tolerance-to-drought-stress-is-highly-coordinated-with-hydraulic-conductivity-photosynthesis-interplay-and-aquaporin-expression-in-field-grown-mulberry-morus-spp
#5
Kanubothula Sitarami Reddy, Kalva Madhana Sekhar, Attipalli Ramachandra Reddy
Hydraulic conductivity quantifies the efficiency of a plant to transport water from root to shoot and is a major constriction on leaf gas exchange physiology. Mulberry (Morus spp.) is the most economically important crop for sericulture industry. In this study, we demonstrate a finely coordinated control of hydraulic dynamics on leaf gas exchange characteristics in 1-year-old field-grown mulberry genotypes (Selection-13 (S13); Kollegal Local (KL) and Kanva-2 (K2)) subjected to water stress by withholding water for 20 days and subsequent recovery for 7 days...
June 14, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627715/transition-and-alkali-metal-complex-ternary-amides-for-ammonia-synthesis-and-decomposition
#6
Hujun Cao, Jianping Guo, Fei Chang, Claudio Pistidda, Wei Zhou, Xilun Zhang, Antonio Santoru, Hui Wu, Norbert Schnell, Rainer Niewa, Ping Chen, Thomas Klassen, Martin Dornheim
A new complex ternary amide Rb2[Mn(NH2)4], which contains both transition and alkali metal catalytic sites, is synthesized by mechanochemical reaction. It exhibits two temperature-dependent polymorphs i.e. low-temperature orthorhombic and high-temperature monoclinic structures. Rb2[Mn(NH2)4] decomposes to N2, H2, NH3, Mn3N2, and RbNH2 under inert atmosphere; whereas releases NH3 at 80 °C under H2 atmosphere. Those unique behaviors enable Rb2[Mn(NH2)4] and K2[Mn(NH2)4] as excellent materials for NH3 decomposition and synthesis...
June 19, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626803/estimation-of-insulin-secretion-glucose-uptake-by-tissues-and-liver-handling-of-glucose-using-a-mathematical-model-of-glucose-insulin-homeostasis-in-lean-and-obese-mice
#7
Michael Brenner, Sakineh Esmaeili Mohsen Abadi, Ramin Balouchzadeh, H Felix Lee, Hoo Sang Ko, Michael Johns, Nehal Malik, Joshua J Lee, Guim Kwon
Destruction of the insulin-producing β-cells is the key determinant of diabetes mellitus regardless of their types. Due to their anatomical location within the islets of Langerhans scattered throughout the pancreas, it is difficult to monitor β-cell function and mass clinically. To this end, we propose to use a mathematical model of glucose-insulin homeostasis to estimate insulin secretion, glucose uptake by tissues, and hepatic handling of glucose. We applied the mathematical model by Lombarte et al. (2013) to compare various rate constants representing glucose-insulin homeostasis between lean (11% fat)- and high fat diet (HFD; 45% fat)-fed mice...
June 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624135/effectiveness-of-vitamin-k2-on-osteoporosis-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#8
Yuichi Kodama, Yasuhiro Okamoto, Tomohiro Kubota, Yoshifumi Hiroyama, Hiroshi Fukami, Kensuke Matsushita, Yoshifumi Kawano
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis can lead to spontaneous fractures in adults with cerebral palsy (CP). Undercarboxylated osteocalcin (ucOC) is a useful marker for vitamin K insufficiency in osteoporosis. The primary objective of this study was to determine the effect of vitamin K2 on bone mineral density (BMD) in adults with CP and vitamin K insufficiency. METHODS: Sixteen adults, median age of 56years, with CP and osteoporosis in whom the serum ucOC concentration exceeded 4...
June 14, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621355/penta-and-hexaorganostannate-iv-complexes-based-on-o-heterocyclic-ligands
#9
Ireen Gebauer, Daniel Gräsing, Jörg Matysik, Stefan Zahn, Kornelia Zeckert
In the present study, the synthesis of homoleptic five- and six-coordinate heteroaryl tin(iv) compounds using two O-heterocyclic substituents, 2-furyl (2-fu) and 2-benzofuryl (2-fu(Bz)) ligands is described. The compounds were obtained as their lithium salts [Li2(OEt2)2Sn(2-fu)6] (1), [Li(tmeda)2][Sn(2-fu)5] (tmeda = N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine) (2) and [Li(thf)4][Sn(2-fu(Bz))5] (3), featuring both an intramolecular coordination of the counterions by the anionic hypercoordinate tin(iv) species found in 1 as well as solvent separated cation/anion pairs for compounds 2 and 3...
June 16, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605609/effects-of-macro-and-micro-nutrients-on-exercise-induced-hepcidin-response-in-highly-trained-endurance-athletes
#10
Dylan Timothy Dahlquist, Trent Stellingwerff, Brad Pendleton Dieter, Donald C McKenzie, Michael S Koehle
Iron deficiency (ID) has ergolytic effects on athletic performance. Exercise induced inflammation impedes iron absorption in the digestive tract by up-regulating the expression of the iron regulatory protein, hepcidin. Limited research indicates the potential of specific macro- and micro- nutrients on blunting exercise induced hepcidin. Therefore, we investigated the effects of post-exercise supplementation with protein and carbohydrate (CHO) and vitamins D3 and K2 on the post-exercise hepcidin response. Ten highly-trained male cyclists (age: 26...
June 12, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596081/vitamin-k2-improves-developmental-competency-and-cryo-tolerance-of-in-vitro-derived-ovine-blastocyst
#11
Fatemeh Sefid, S Ostadhosseini, S M Hosseini, F Ghazvini Zadegan, M Pezhman, Mohammad Hossein Nasr Esfahani
Vitamin K2 (VK2), acts as an electron carrier in mitochondria and thereby effects reactive oxygen species (ROS) and ATP production. This study evaluates role of VK2 on in vitro developmental competency and cryo-survival of pre-implantation ovine embryos. Initially the optimal and beneficial concentration of VK2 on compaction and blastocyst formation rates was defined (0.1 μM). Subsequently, it was shown that 0.1 μM VK2, at blastocyst stage, reduces H2O2 production, increase the expression of mitochondrial related gene and improved embryos quality...
June 5, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592319/high-dephosphorylated-uncarboxylated-mgp-in-hemodialysis-patients-risk-factors-and-response-to-vitamin-k2-a-pre-post-intervention-clinical-trial
#12
Mabel Aoun, Maha Makki, Hiba Azar, Hiam Matta, Dania Nehme Chelala
BACKGROUND: Vascular calcifications are highly prevalent in hemodialysis patients. Dephosphorylated-uncarboxylated MGP (dp-ucMGP) was found to increase in vitamin K-deficient patients and may be associated with vascular calcifications. Supplementation of hemodialysis patients with vitamin K2 (menaquinone-7) has been studied in Europe with a maximum 61% drop of dp-ucMGP levels. The aim of this study is to assess first the drop of dp-ucMGP in an Eastern Mediterranean cohort after vitamin K2 treatment and second the correlation between baseline dp-ucMGP and vascular calcification score...
June 7, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591281/topographic-outcomes-after-corneal-collagen-crosslinking-in-progressive-keratoconus-1-year-follow-up
#13
Mauro C Tiveron, Camila Ribeiro Koch Pena, Richard Yudi Hida, Luciane Bugmann Moreira, Felipe Roberto Exterhotter Branco, Newton Kara-Junior
Purpose: We aimed to report and analyze topographic and refractive outcomes following corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) in patients with progressive keratoconus (KC). Methods: We performed a retrospective, analytical, and observational study of 100 eyes from 74 progressive KC patients who underwent CXL at the Eye Hospital of Paraná. Keratometric values were analyzed preoperatively as well as 3 and 12 months postoperatively. Results: For a total of 100 eyes, 68 belonged to male patients...
March 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591280/keratoconus-progression-is-not-inhibited-by-reducing-eyelid-muscular-force-with-botulinum-toxin-a-treatment-a-randomized-trial
#14
Adimara da Candelaria Renesto, Teissy Hentona Osaki, Midori Hentona Osaki, Flávio E Hirai, Mauro Campos
Purpose: To evaluate whether reducing eyelid muscular force through the administration of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) to the orbicularis oculi muscles of patients with keratoconus affected corneal parameters indicative of disease progression. Methods: In this prospective parallel randomized clinical trial, 40 eyes of 40 patients with keratoconus were randomized into equally sized control and BTX-A groups. Patients in the BTX-A group received subcutaneous BTX-A injections into the orbicularis muscle...
March 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587577/vitamin-k2-can-suppress-the-expression-of-toll-like-receptor-2-tlr2-and-tlr4-and-inhibit-calcification-of-aortic-intima-in-apoe-mice-as-well-as-smooth-muscle-cells
#15
Zhaojun Wang, Zhongqun Wang, Jie Zhu, Xinguang Long, Jinchuan Yan
Background and objectives Vascular calcification is a common complication in atherosclerosis. Accumulating evidence showed that Toll-like receptors (TLRs) mediate pro-inflammatory and atherosclerosis. Recent studies demonstrated that vascular calcification is one of the detrimental effects of vitamin K (Vit K) antagonists. However, the effects of Vit K on the expression of TLR2 and 4 and intimal calcification in artery remained unidentified. Methods and results Eighteen ApoE(-/-) mice were randomly divided into model group, Vit K-treated group, and control group...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585246/confining-the-nucleation-of-pt-to-in-situ-form-pt-enriched-cage-ceo2-core-shell-nanostructure-as-excellent-catalysts-for-hydrogenation-reactions
#16
Songyan Song, Xianchun Liu, Junqi Li, Jing Pan, Fan Wang, Yan Xing, Xiao Wang, Xiaogang Liu, Hongjie Zhang
Ultrathin (Pt-enriched cage)@CeO2 core@shell nanostructures are successfully fabricated via a facile hard-template method. It is found that the usage of Pd@Ag@CeO2 bi-metallic core@shell nanostructure as the hard template plays an important role in avoiding the independent nucleation of Pt metal during the galvanic replacement process between K2 PtCl4 and Ag components. This unique core@shell samples show extraordinary activity and selectivity for the cinnamaldehyde hydrogenation reaction. It can achieve over 95% conversion with 87% selectivity of hydrocinnamaldehyde in 5 h under 1 atm H2 pressure...
June 6, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578250/increased-in-synthetic-cannabinoids-related-harms-results-from-a-longitudinal-web-based-content-analysis
#17
Francois R Lamy, Raminta Daniulaityte, Ramzi W Nahhas, Monica J Barratt, Alan G Smith, Amit Sheth, Silvia S Martins, Edward W Boyer, Robert G Carlson
BACKGROUND: Synthetic Cannabinoid Receptor Agonists (SCRA), also known as "K2" or "Spice," have drawn considerable attention due to their potential of abuse and harmful consequences. More research is needed to understand user experiences of SCRA-related effects. We use semi-automated information processing techniques through eDrugTrends platform to examine SCRA-related effects and their variations through a longitudinal content analysis of web-forum data. METHOD: English language posts from three drug-focused web-forums were extracted and analyzed between January 1st 2008 and September 30th 2015...
June 1, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573731/application-of-peleg-s-equation-to-describe-creep-responses-of-potatoes-under-constant-and-variable-storage-conditions
#18
W K Solomon, V K Jindal
The application of Peleg's equation to characterize creep behavior of potatoes during storage was investigated. Potatoes were stored at 25, 15, 5C, and variable (fluctuating) temperature for 16 or 26 weeks. The Peleg equation adequately described the creep response of potatoes during storage at all storage conditions (R(2)  = .97to .99). Peleg constant k1 exhibited a significant (p < .05) decreasing trend with storage time (ts ) for samples stored under the experimental conditions whereas the constant k2 appeared to be unaffected much by ts except for samples stored at 25C...
June 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572923/the-rehydration-behavior-of-microwave-dried-amaranth-amaranthus-dubius-leaves
#19
Saheeda Mujaffar, Alex Lee Loy
The effect of temperature (35, 50, and 60°C) on the rehydration behavior of microwave-dried amaranth (Amaranthus dubius) leaves was investigated. Leaves were dried at 700 W power level before rehydrating in water. The higher the rehydration temperature, the higher the equilibrium moisture content of the leaves, although the effect was not statistically significant. The increase in rehydration ratio was significant only as temperature increased from 50 to 60°C. The process was adequately described by the Peleg sorption model, with the Peleg rate constant (K1) and the Peleg capacity constant (K2), both decreasing as rehydration temperature increased...
May 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569918/the-rashba-effect-and-indirect-electron-hole-recombination-in-hybrid-organic-inorganic-perovskites
#20
Zhi-Gang Yu
Slow electron-hole recombination, characterized by the bimolecular coefficient k2 in hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites (HOIPs), is a key to their outstanding photovoltaic performance. The measured k2 in HOIPs strongly deviates from k2 ∝ T(-3/2) (T is the temperature) in typical direct-gap semiconductors. Here we show that the observed temperature dependence can be quantitatively accounted for by phonon-assisted recombination of electrons and holes located at the band extrema, which become indirect due to the Rashba effect...
June 14, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
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