Read by QxMD icon Read


Mujgan Cengiz, Nurnisa Oya Alansal, Matem Tuncdemir, Gamze Tanriverdi, Burcu Bayoglu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the possible protective effects of melatonin and caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) on potassium dichromate (K2 Cr2O7)-induced nephrotoxicity and genotoxicity. METHODS: A total of 40 Wistar albino rats were divided into five groups: control, K2Cr2O7(K2Cr2O715 mg/kg, one dose, i.p.), K2Cr2O7 + melatonin, K2Cr2O7 + CAPE, and K2Cr2O7 + melatonin + CAPE. Urine and blood samples were collected from rats before scarification...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Jianzhong Ma, Chengzhu Zhu, Jun Lu, Tao Wang, Shuheng Hu, Tianhu Chen
The photochemical reaction between biphenyl (Bp) and N(III) under irradiation at 365 nm UV light was investigated. The results showed that Bp conversion efficiency was strongly influenced by N (III) concentration, Bp initial concentration and pH. Species-specific rate constants determined by reaction of Bp with H2ONO(+) (k1), HONO (k2) and NO2(-) (k3) were k1 = (0.058 ± 0.005 L mol(-1) s(-1)), k2 = (0.12 ± 0.06 L mol(-1) s(-1)) and k3 = (0.0019 ± 0.0003 L mol(-1) s(-1)), respectively...
October 14, 2016: Chemosphere
Paolo Pirovano, Erik R Farquhar, Marcel Swart, Aidan Richard McDonald
Two metastable NiIII complexes, [NiIII(OAc)(L)] and [NiIII(ONO2)(L)] (L = N,N'-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-2,6-pyridinedicarboxamidate, OAc = acetate), were prepared, adding to the previously prepared [NiIII(OCO2H)(L)], with the purpose of probing the properties of terminal late-transition metal oxidants. These high-valent oxidants were prepared by the one-electron oxidation of their NiII precursors ([NiII(OAc)(L)]- and [NiII(ONO2)(L)]-) with tris(4-bromophenyl)ammoniumyl hexachloroantimonate. Fascinatingly, the reaction between any [NiII(X)(L)]- and NaOCl/acetic acid (AcOH) or cerium ammonium nitrate ((NH4)2[CeIV(NO3)6], CAN), yielded [NiIII(OAc)(L)] and [NiIII(ONO2)(L)], respectively...
October 14, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Martin Bauer, Rudolf Karch, Nicolas Tournier, Salvatore Cisternino, Wolfgang Wadsak, Marcus Hacker, Peter Marhofer, Markus Zeitlinger, Oliver Langer
: P-glycoprotein (ABCB1) is expressed at the blood-retinal barrier (BRB) where it may control distribution of drugs from blood to the retina and thereby influence drug efficacy and toxicity. METHODS: We performed PET scans with the ABCB1 substrate (R)-(11)C-verapamil in 5 healthy male volunteers without and with concurrent infusion of the ABCB1 inhibitor tariquidar. We estimated the rate constants for radiotracer transfer across the BRB (K1, k2) and total retinal distribution volume VT...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Maria Fusaro, Maurizio Gallieni, Maria Antonietta Rizzo, Andrea Stucchi, Pierre Delanaye, Etienne Cavalier, Rosa M A Moysés, Vanda Jorgetti, Giorgio Iervasi, Sandro Giannini, Fabrizio Fabris, Andrea Aghi, Stefania Sella, Francesco Galli, Valentina Viola, Mario Plebani
Vitamin K (phylloquinone or vitamin K1 and menaquinones or vitamin K2) plays an important role as a cofactor in the synthesis of hepatic blood coagulation proteins, but recently has also aroused an increasing interest for its action in extra-hepatic tissues, in particular in the regulation of bone and vascular metabolism. The accurate measurement of vitamin K status in humans is still a critical issue. Along with indirect assays, such as the undercarboxylated fractions of vitamin K-dependent proteins [prothrombin, osteocalcin (OC), and matrix gla protein], the direct analysis of blood levels of phylloquinone and menaquinones forms might be considered a more informative and direct method for assessing vitamin K status...
October 12, 2016: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
Fabiana Cro', Cristina Lapucci, Emilio Vicari, Ginevra Salsi, Nicola Rizzo, Antonio Farina
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to present a new method for fetal Kell genotyping by means of the allelic discrimination of K1 and K2 in real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). METHODS: Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction incorporating an allele-specific primer was developed for detecting the K allele of KEL. RESULTS: By means of this method, the K1/K2 genotype was able to be determined in all blood samples analyzed. Results using cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) from two Kell-negative pregnant women confirmed the Kell-positive genotype of fetuses...
October 11, 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
Luisa A Ferreira, Vladimir N Uversky, Boris Y Zaslavsky
Partition coefficients of non-ionic essentially nonpolar compounds between air and rat biological tissues and between blood and other tissues were examined and found to be linearly interrelated according to the previously established equation for partition coefficients of solutes in aqueous two-phase systems: log Kblood-tissue-1 = k0 + k1 log Kblood-tissue-2 + k2 log Kblood-tissue-3, where k0, k1, and k2 are constants. Analysis of partition coefficients of amphiphilic and ionizable drugs between blood and different tissues in rats in vivo showed that the above relationship holds for the blood-tissue partition coefficients of these compounds as well...
September 28, 2016: Molecular BioSystems
Bin Xiao, Philip Kegler, Dirk Bosbach, Evgeny V Alekseev
The high-temperature/high-pressure treatment of the K-Te-U oxo-family at 1100 °C and 3.5 GPa results in the crystallization of a series of novel uranyl tellurium compounds, K2[(UO2)3(Te(IV)O3)4], K2[(UO2)TeO14], α-K2[(UO2)Te(VI)O5] and β-K2[(UO2)Te(VI)O5]. In contrast to most of the reported uranyl compounds which are favorable in layered structures, we found that under extreme conditions, the potassium uranyl oxo-tellurium compounds preferably crystallized in three-dimensional (3D) framework structures with complex topologies...
September 27, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
L Kristopher Siu, Yu-Kuo Tsai, Jung-Chung Lin, Te-Li Chen, Chang-Phone Fung, Feng-Yee Chang
In this study, a novel colloidal gold-based immunochromatographic strip (ICS) containing anti-K. pneumoniae capsular polysaccharide polyclonal antibodies was developed to specifically detect K. pneumoniae serotypes K1 and K2. Capsular polysaccharide K1 and K2 antigens were first used to produce polyclonal anti-K1 or -K2 antibodies. Reference strains with different serotypes, non-typable K. pneumoniae strains, and other bacterial species were then used to assess the sensitivity and specificity of these test strips...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Hui Teng, Lei Chen, Hongbo Song
Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb (AP) has already been applied in practice for the treatment of different disorders and is available to access without the provision of a medical prescription. The present study aims at investigating the effect of bioactive compounds isolated from AP on the improvement of insulin resistance, figuring out the mechanism in insulin-responsive cell lines. Five compounds were isolated from AP using column chromatography, including agrimonolide (K1), desmethylagrimonolide (K2), tormentic acid (K3), ursolic acid (K4), and quercetin (K5)...
October 12, 2016: Food & Function
Elizabeth Finbarrs-Bello, Emmanuel Nebeuwa Obikili, Esom Emmanuel Anayochukwu, Anyanwu Emeka Godson
AIM: This study evaluated the curative potential of Crinum giganteum in the treatment of schizophrenia using an NMDA-receptor antagonist-induced schizophrenic Wistar rat model. METHODS: Twenty-five adult Wistar rats of both sexes of average weights 180 g were divided into two groups: control and schizophrenic rat models. The controls received 0.1 ml of 0. 9% saline, while schizophrenia was induced in models using 25 mg/kg of ketamine hydrochloride (i.p.) for 7 days...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Chih-Ju Lin, Feng-Chieh Li, Yu-Yang Lee, Te-Yu Tseng, Wei-Liang Chen, Vladimir Hovhannisyan, Ning Kang, Nicholas G Horton, Shu-Jen Chiang, Chris Xu, Hsuan-Shu Lee, Chen-Yuan Dong
Hepatobiliary metabolism is one of the major functions of the liver. However, little is known of the relationship between the physiological location of the hepatocytes and their metabolic potential. By the combination of time-lapse multiphoton microscopy and first order kinetic constant image analysis, the hepatocellular metabolic rate of the model compound 6-carboxyfluorescein diacetate (6-CFDA) is quantified at the single cell level. We found that the mouse liver can be divided into three zones, each with distinct metabolic rate constants...
September 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
Aditya Shetty, Subramanyam Dasari, Souresh Banerjee, Taher Gheewala, Guoxing Zheng, Aoshuang Chen, Andre Kajdacsy-Balla, Maarten C Bosland, Gnanasekar Munirathinam
Hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) is a heparin-binding growth factor, which has previously been shown to be expressed in a variety of cancers. HDGF overexpression has also previously been correlated with a poor prognosis in several cancers. The significance of HDGF in prostate cancer, however, has not been investigated. Here, we show that HDGF is overexpressed in both androgen-sensitive LNCaP cells and androgen-insensitive DU145, 22RV1, and PC-3 cells. Forced overexpression enhanced cell viability of RWPE-1 cells, whereas HDGF knockdown reduced cell proliferation in human prostate cancer cells...
September 27, 2016: Urologic Oncology
David K Cundiff, Paul S Agutter
BACKGROUND: Nutrition researchers recently recognized that deficiency of vitamin K2 (menaquinone: MK-4-MK-13) is widespread and contributes to cardiovascular disease (CVD). The deficiency of vitamin K2 or vitamin K inhibition with warfarin leads to calcium deposition in the arterial blood vessels. METHODS: Using publicly available sources, we collected food commodity availability data and derived nutrient profiles including vitamin K2 for people from 168 countries...
August 24, 2016: Curēus
Tolani F Olonisakin, Huihua Li, Zeyu Xiong, Elizabeth J K Kochman, Minting Yu, Yanyan Qu, Mei Hulver, Jay K Kolls, Claudette St Croix, Yohei Doi, Minh-Hong Nguyen, Robert M Q Shanks, Rama K Mallampalli, Valerian E Kagan, Anuradha Ray, Roy L Silverstein, Prabir Ray, Janet S Lee
Klebsiella pneumoniae remains an important cause of intrapulmonary infection and invasive disease worldwide. Klebsiella pneumoniae can evade serum killing and phagocytosis primarily through the expression of a polysaccharide capsule, but its pathogenicity is also influenced by host factors. We examined whether CD36, a scavenger receptor that recognizes pathogen and modified-self ligands, is a host determinant of Klebsiella pneumoniae pathogenicity. Despite differences in serum sensitivity and virulence of three distinct Klebsiella pneumoniae (hypermucoviscous K1, research K2, carbapenemase-producing ST258) strains utilized, the absence of CD36 significantly increased host susceptibility to acute intrapulmonary infection by K...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Jelena R Jovanović, Andrea B Stefanović, Nataša Ž Šekuljica, Sonja M Jakovetić Tanasković, Marina B Dojčinović, Branko M Bugarski, Zorica D Knežević-Jugović
The impact of ultrasound waves generated by probe-type sonicator and ultrasound cleaning bath on egg white protein susceptibility to hydrolysis by alcalase compared to both thermal pretreatment and conventional enzymatic hydrolysis was quantitatively investigated. A series of hydrolytic reactions was carried out in a stirred tank reactor at different substrate concentrations, enzyme concentrations, and temperatures using untreated, and pretreated egg white proteins (EWPs). The kinetic model based on substrate inhibition and second-order enzyme deactivation successfully predicts the experimental behavior providing an effective tool for comparison and optimization...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Food Science
Et-Touhami Es-Sebbar, Fethi Khaled, Ahmed Elwardany, Aamir Farooq
Allene (H2C═C═CH2; a-C3H4) and propyne (CH3C≡CH; p-C3H4) are important species in various chemical environments. In combustion processes, the reactions of hydroxyl radicals with a-C3H4 and p-C3H4 are critical in the overall fuel oxidation system. In this work, rate coefficients of OH radicals with allene (OH + H2C═C═CH2 → products) and propyne (OH + CH3C≡CH → products) were measured behind reflected shock waves over the temperature range of 843-1352 K and pressures near 1.5 atm. Hydroxyl radicals were generated by rapid thermal decomposition of tert-butyl hydroperoxide ((CH3)3-CO-OH), and monitored by narrow line width laser absorption of the well-characterized R1(5) electronic transition of the OH A-X (0,0) electronic system near 306...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Shahrouz Taranejoo, Mohsen Janmaleki, Mohammad Pachenari, Seyed Morteza Seyedpour, Ramya Chandrasekaran, Wenlong Cheng, Kerry Hourigan
A recent approach to colon cancer therapy is to employ selective drugs with specific extra/intracellular sites of action. Alteration of cytoskeletal protein reorganization and, subsequently, to cellular biomechanical behaviour during cancer progression highly affects the cancer cell progress. Hence, cytoskeleton targeted drugs are an important class of cancer therapy agents. We have studied viscoelastic alteration of the human colon adenocarcinoma cell line, SW48, after treatment with a drug delivery system comprising chitosan as the carrier and albendazole as the microtubule-targeting agent (MTA)...
September 20, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Yinnong Jia, Wenting Zhang, Wei Fan, Susan Brusnahan, Jered C Garrison
The neurotensin receptor 1 (NTR1) has been shown to be a promising target, due to its increased level of expression relative to normal tissue, for pancreatic and colon cancers. This has prompted the development of a variety of NTR1-targeted radiopharmaceuticals, based on the neurotensin (NT) peptide, for diagnostic and radiotherapeutic applications. A major obstacle for the clinical translation of NTR1-targeted radiotherapeutics would likely be nephrotoxicity due to the high levels of kidney retention. It is well-known that for many peptide based agents renal uptake is influenced by the overall molecular charge...
September 23, 2016: Bioconjugate Chemistry
M Dottington Fullwood, Aleksandar Kecojevic, Corey H Basch
The popularity of synthetic cannabinoids (SCBs) is increasing the chance for adverse health issues in the United States. Moreover, social media platforms such as YouTube that provided a platform for user-generated content can convey misinformation or glorify use of SCBs. The aim of this study was to fill this gap by describing the content of the most popular YouTube videos containing content related to the SCBs. Videos with at least 1000 or more views found under the search terms "K2" and "spice" included in the analysis...
August 17, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"