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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133829/differential-responses-of-body-growth-to-artificial-warming-between-parasitoids-and-hosts-and-the-consequences-for-plant-seed-damage
#1
Xinqiang Xi, Yangheshan Yang, Xiaocheng Yang, Sören Nylin, Nico Eisenhauer, Shucun Sun
Temperature increase may disrupt trophic interactions by differentially changing body growth of the species involved. In this study, we tested whether the response of body growth to artificial warming (~2.2 °C) of a solitary koinobiont endo-parasitoid wasp (Pteromalus albipennis, Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) differed from its main host tephritid fly (Tephritis femoralis, Diptera: Tephritidae; pre-dispersal seed predator), and whether the plant seed damage caused by wasp-parasitized and unparasitized maggots (larval flies) were altered by warming...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111870/external-ophthalmomyiasis-caused-by-oestrus-ovis-in-east-china
#2
Aihui Zhang, Qiaoli Nie, Jingjing Song
External ophthalmomyiasis is a superficial infestation of the eye tissues by the larvae or maggots of flies. External ophthalmomyiasis, caused by Oestrus ovis, is found occasionally in shepherding areas, but is rare in the cities of eastern China. We present a case of a 30-year-old man with complaints of a foreign body sensation, lacrimation and itching in the right eye, with uncorrected visual acuity of 20/20 in each eye. Six larvae were removed from the conjunctival sac and were ultimately authenticated as the first instar larvae of Oestrus ovis...
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098730/evaluating-the-nutritive-profile-of-three-insect-meals-and-their-effects-to-replace-soya-bean-in-broiler-diet
#3
S Khan, R U Khan, W Alam, A Sultan
This study was conducted to evaluate the comparative effect of maggot meal, silkworm meal and mealworm as dietary protein source on the production performance and some aspects of meat quality in broilers. In this regard, maggot meal was reared on chicken offal and poultry waste. Silkworm meal was obtained from silk industry, while mealworm was developed through beetles rearing. A total of 120-day-old broiler chicks were randomly divided into four groups where soya bean meal (M0) was replaced with maggot meal (M1), silkworm meal (M2) and mealworm (M3) respectively...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096711/an-exotic-abscess-within-the-united-kingdom-from-the-gambia-a-case-report
#4
Estelle Hong How, Darren Yap, Nik Mbakada
BACKGROUND: Furuncular myiasis is a parasitic infection of a live mammal by fly larvae commonly seen in Africa. However, with an increase in international tourism, there is a significant rise in exotic infection in non-endemic areas which can pose a diagnostic challenge to doctors and potentially lead to delay in treatment. From the current literature, only 12 cases were reported in the UK. CASE PRESENTATION: We report an unusual case of multiple abscesses in a 32-year-old white British woman presenting to our Emergency department in the UK after returning from a holiday in The Gambia, West Africa...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045637/effects-of-feeding-on-different-host-plants-and-diets-on-bradysia-odoriphaga-population-parameters-and-tolerance-to-heat-and-insecticides
#5
Guodong Zhu, Yin Luo, Ming Xue, Haipeng Zhao, Xia Sun, Xinhui Wang
Bradysia odoriphaga Yang et Zhang, the Chinese chive root maggot, is a devastating pest of agricultural plants causing significant losses in vegetable crops, edible mushrooms, and humus. To determine the effects of feeding on different host plants and diets on the life parameters of B. odoriphaga and its tolerance to stressful conditions, we analyzed the life-table data of B. odoriphaga reared on Chinese chive (Allium hookeri), Welsh onion (Allium fistulosum), garlic (Allium sativum), oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus), and humus and assayed its tolerance to heat and insecticides...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033046/eschar-removal-by-bromelain-based-enzymatic-debridement-nexobrid-%C3%A2-in-burns-an-european-consensus
#6
Christoph Hirche, Antonella Citterio, Henk Hoeksema, Ján Koller, Martina Lehner, José Ramón Martinez, Stan Monstrey, Alexandra Murray, Jan A Plock, Frank Sander, Alexandra Schulz, Benjamin Ziegler, Ulrich Kneser
Early debridement and/or eschar removal is regarded as a significant step in the treatment of deep partial and full thickness burns. It aims to control wound bioburden and allows early wound closure by conservative treatment or skin grafting. Preservation of viable dermis accompanied by early wound closure, is regarded as a necessary step to reduce scar related complication, e.g. functional limitations and/or unaesthetic scar formation. Aside from the classical techniques of surgical excision as tangential excision for eschar removal, hydro-surgery, maggot therapy, laser, enzymatic debridement have been described as additional techniques in the burn surgeon's armamentarium...
October 12, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029209/genetic-evidence-for-the-introduction-of-rhagoletis-pomonella-diptera-tephritidae-into-the-northwestern-united-states
#7
Sheina B Sim, Meredith M Doellman, Glen R Hood, Wee L Yee, Thomas H Q Powell, Dietmar Schwarz, Robert B Goughnour, Scott P Egan, Gilbert St Jean, James J Smith, Tracy E Arcella, Jason D K Dzurisin, Jeffrey L Feder
The apple maggot fly, Rhagoletis pomonella Walsh (Diptera: Tephritidae), is a serious quarantine pest in the apple-growing regions of central Washington and Oregon. The fly is believed to have been introduced into the Pacific Northwest via the transport of larval-infested apples near Portland, Oregon, within the last 40 yr. However, R. pomonella also attacks native black hawthorn, Crataegus douglasii Lindley (Rosales: Rosaceae), and introduced ornamental hawthorn, Crataegus monogyna Jacquin, in the region. It is, therefore, possible that R...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981649/influence-of-interval-between-postharvest-lettuce-residue-management-and-subsequent-seeding-of-broccoli-on-cabbage-maggot-diptera-anthomyiidae-infestation-on-broccoli
#8
Shimat V Joseph, Larry D Godfrey, Christopher Bettiga
Larval stages of cabbage maggot, Delia radicum (L.) (Diptera: Anthomyiidae), attack the roots of Brassica crops and cause severe economic damage. In the Salinas Valley of California, Brassica crops are often planted after successive lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) crops. The interval between postharvest soil incorporation of lettuce residue and the subsequent Brassica crop can be as short as 7 d, which could influence D. radicum infestation on broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica Plenck). In 2014 and 2015, the effect of intervals between crops (IBC) on D...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971112/maggot-debridement-therapy-with-a-direct-dressing-can-cause-compression-injuries-in-patients-with-chronic-limb-ischemia
#9
Akio Nishijima, Naoto Yamamoto, Ryuichi Yoshida, Satoshi Yanagibayashi, Megumi Takikawa, Rie Hayasaka, Eri Maruyama, Junko Nishijima, Mitsuru Sekido
While there are no reports regarding dressing-associated iatrogenic skin ulcer as an adverse event of maggot debridement therapy (MDT), MDT is clinically used on patients with critical limb ischaemia with dermal fragility. Herein we report causes and counter measures for a case of iatrogenic skin ulcer induced by MDT dressing.
2017: Case Reports in Plastic Surgery & Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962955/maggots-in-the-brain-sequelae-of-ignored-scalp-wound
#10
Ashish Aggarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945569/-thermoregulation-behavior-in-necrophagous-dipteran-larvae
#11
Cindy Aubernon, Valéry Hédouin, Damien Charabidzé
The forensic entomology is the use of insects to date the death. The forensic expert assessment is based on the development of necrophagous insects which are growing on the cadaver, to calculate their age and then estimate the Post-Mortem Interval. This development depends on a number of parameters like temperature, species or behavior. The French Forensic Taphonomy unit, the only expert team on the subject in France, works on the biology, physiology and ethology of the necrophagous insects. Their works are focused on thermoregulation behavior and thermal preferendum of maggot masses, aggregation phenomenon and social interaction or on food intake...
August 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944889/beneficial-effects-of-extracts-from-lucilia%C3%A2-sericata-maggots-on-burn-wounds-in-rats
#12
Haixu Bian, Qiaoli Yang, Tao Ma, Wei Li, Jialin Duan, Guo Wei, Xiaoxiao Wu, Fei Mu, Rui Lin, Aidong Wen, Miaomiao Xi
Lucilia sericata maggots have beneficial properties; however, their protective effects on burn wounds have yet to be fully elucidated. In the present study, a deep second‑degree burn rat model was used to investigate the burn wound healing properties of aqueous extract of maggots (MAE). The anti‑inflammatory, antioxidative and antibacterial activities were examined. In addition, the protein expression levels of Akt, vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) and nuclear factor‑κB (NF‑κB) were detected by western blotting...
November 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889866/helicopter-thermal-imaging-for-detecting-insect-infested-cadavers
#13
Jens Amendt, Sandra Rodner, Claus-Peter Schuch, Heinz Sprenger, Lars Weidlich, Frank Reckel
One of the most common techniques applied for searching living and even dead persons is the FLIR (Forward Looking Infrared) system fixed on an aircraft like e.g. a helicopter, visualizing the thermal patterns emitted from objects in the long-infrared spectrum. However, as body temperature cools down to ambient values within approximately 24h after death, it is common sense that searching for deceased persons can be just applied the first day post-mortem. We postulated that the insect larval masses on a decomposing body generate a heat which can be considerably higher than ambient temperatures for a period of several weeks and that such heat signatures might be used for locating insect infested human remains...
September 2017: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888529/eyelid-inflammation-an-uncommon-cause-in-occidental-countries
#14
Hélène Devambez, Morgane Richeux, Maximilien Guericolas, Christophe Choquet, Enrique Casalino, Aiham Daniel Ghazali
BACKGROUND: Myiasis designates the infestation of live human and vertebrate animals with dipterous (two-winged) larvae (maggots) and is the fourth most common travel-associated skin disease. Furuncle is the most common aspect of cutaneous myiasis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 24-year-old Caucasian female had been back from Cap-Vert. She described pruritus, slight pain, and the sensation of a foreign body moving in the eyelid. Physical examination showed a single furuncle-like nodule with surrounding erythema and a central pore of the upper eyelid through which a serosanguinous fluid was exuding...
November 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854648/development-of-a-low-cost-and-effective-trapping-device-for-apple-maggot-fly-diptera-tephritidae-monitoring-and-control-in-mexican-commercial-hawthorn-groves
#15
E Tadeo, E Muñiz, J Rull, W L Yee, M Aluja, R Lasa
Few efforts have been made in Mexico to monitor Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae) in commercial hawthorn (Crataegus spp.) crops. Therefore, the main objectives of this study were to evaluate infestation levels of R. pomonella in feral and commercial Mexican hawthorn and to assess the efficacy of different trap-lure combinations to monitor the pest. Wild hawthorn was more infested than commercially grown hawthorn at the sample site. No differences among four commercial baits (Biolure, ammonium carbonate, CeraTrap, and Captor + borax) were detected when used in combination with a yellow sticky gel (SG) adherent trap under field conditions...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842593/bacterial-community-structure-in-the-asian-rice-gall-midge-reveals-a-varied-microbiome-rich-in-proteobacteria
#16
Abhishek Ojha, Deepak Kumar Sinha, A P Padmakumari, J S Bentur, Suresh Nair
The Asian rice gall midge (ARGM) has emerged as a model gall forming pest of rice. The ARGM infestation of rice results in failure of panicle formation and economic loss. Understanding the molecular basis of ARGM-rice interactions is very crucial in order to control this devastating pest of rice. The current investigation was devised to identify bacterial communities present in the ARGM and in addition the bacterial diversity in the maggots during their interaction with susceptible or resistant rice varieties...
August 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827547/tracing-heavy-metals-in-swine-manure-maggot-chicken-production-chain
#17
Wanqiang Wang, Wenjuan Zhang, Xiaoping Wang, Chaoliang Lei, Rui Tang, Feng Zhang, Qizhi Yang, Fen Zhu
With the development of large-scale livestock farming, manure pollution has drawn much attention. Conversion by insects is a rapid and cost-effective new method for manure management. Swine manure conversion with maggots (Musca domestica larvae) has developed, and the harvested maggots are often used as animal feed. However, the flow of heavy metals from manure to downstream processes cannot be ignored, and therefore, heavy metal content was measured in untreated raw manure, maggot-treated manure, harvested maggots and maggot-eating chickens (chest muscle and liver) to evaluate potential heavy metal risks...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795888/effective-wound-bed-preparation-using-maggot-debridement-therapy-for-patients-with-critical-limb-ischaemia
#18
A Nishijima, M Gosho, R Yoshida, S Yanagibayashi, M Takikawa, J Nishijima, M Sekido, N Yamamoto
OBJECTIVE: Patients with critical limb ischaemia (CLI) lack sufficient blood flow in to the limb, which leads to difficulties in the normal wound healing process. Therefore, maggot debridement therapy (MDT) has not generally been recommended for CLI patients. We evaluated the effectiveness of wound bed preparation by MDT in CLI patients who had undergone mid-foot amputation. METHODS: Patients who underwent mid-foot amputation after angioplasty between April 2014 and October 2016 were retrospectively investigated by classifying them into an MDT group or a conventional treatment group...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781904/second-report-of-accidental-intestinal-myiasis-due-to-eristalis-tenax-diptera-syrphidae-in-iran-2015
#19
Ramezani Awal Riabi Hamed, Ramezani Awal Riabi Hamid, Naghizade Hamid
We have described a new case of accidental intestinal myiasis that had occurred due to Eristalis tenax in Iran. A 4-year-old girl living in rural area near Bajestan city located in the south of Khorasan Razavi province visited the hospital lab with complaints of one live larva in feces and did not have other symptoms, except anal itching. This case had a history of consuming subterranean village water and did not have a history of traveling outside the city or contact with other patients. Conclusion. Based on the morphology characteristic, the larva was identified as "rat-tailed maggot" or larvae fly E...
2017: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726434/-salvation-of-the-diabetic-foot-through-a-comprehensive-individualized-treatment-of-the-patient-with-type-2-diabetes-case-study
#20
Ivana Flanderová
This is a case of men with type 2 diabetes mellitus and diabetic foot. The patient was in danger of limb amputation. After improvement of diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia therapies a comprehensive treatment of diabetic foot including angioplasty, antibiotics and local maggot therapy was used for diabetic foot management. Therapy result was very satisfying for the patient. Despite of amputation of the 2nd digit due to advanced gangrene, the whole foot function was saved.Key words: diabetes foot - maggot therapies - type 2 diabetes mellitus...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
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