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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737340/-healthcare-associated-bacteraemia-in-intensive-care-units-of-ibn-rochd-university-hospital-casablanca
#1
Assiya El Kettani, Khalid Zerouali, Idrissa Diawara, Mohamed Ouhadous, Nadia Harrar, Houria Belabbes, Naima Elmdaghri
Objective: This study was designed to determine the incidence of healthcare-associated bacteraemia in intensive care units (ICU) of Ibn Rochd University Hospital, Casablanca, Morocco, the frequency of the bacterial strains isolated and their antibiotic resistance patterns. Methods: A prospective longitudinal study was conducted between May and July 2015 on patients admitted to the Ibn Rochd University Hospital ICU. The Comité technique des infections nosocomiales et des infections liées aux soins (CITNILS) definition of bacteraemia was used...
April 27, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737339/-use-of-mobile-applications-by-interns-at-ibn-rochd-university-hospital-in-casablanca-morocco
#2
Naima Ait Mouddene, Mouna Bouhaji, Dalal Benloubir, Zineb Serhier, Mohammed Bennani Othmani
Introduction: Mobile applications are now increasingly used by trainee and practising physicians due to the wide range of applications available in the field of healthcare and their ease of use. The objective of this study was to estimate the frequency and describe the use of these applications by interns at Ibn-Rochd University Hospital in Casablanca. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in December 2014 on a sample of Ibn-Rochd interns. Participants from multiple disciplines and medical specialties completed an anonymous self-administered questionnaire...
April 27, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713425/periapical-status-and-quality-of-root-canal-fillings-in-a-moroccan-subpopulation
#3
Hafsa El Merini, Hind Amarir, Amine Lamzawaq, Mouna Hamza
AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of apical periodontitis (AP) and quality of root canal fillings in an adult Moroccan subpopulation. METHODS: In the study 508 patients were included, attending the Conservative Dentistry Clinic at the Faculty of Dentistry of Casablanca. 508 panoramic and 709 periapical radiographs were observed. The periapical status of all teeth (with the exception of third molars) was examined according to Ørstavik's periapical index...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629734/immunohistochemical-and-genetic-exploration-of-incompatible-a-blood-group-antigen-expression-in-invasive-micropapillary-breast-carcinoma-a-case-report
#4
S Zouine, Z Orfi, K Kojok, S Benayad, Y Zaid, F Marnissi, N Habti
INTRODUCTION: Invasive Micropapillary Carcinoma (IMPC) of the breast is a relatively rare subtype of invasive ductal carcinoma and represents the most inherently aggressive form. Expression of incompatible blood group A antigen in cancer of type O patients has been reported in several types of cancer, however, the biosynthetic mechanism and the genetic basis remain unclear until today. The aim of the present case report study was to evaluate the expression of incompatible blood group A antigen and to identify the genetic basis of this expression in IMPC of the breast...
April 2017: Current Research in Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511667/epidemiology-of-pertussis-in-casablanca-morocco-contribution-of-conventional-and-molecular-diagnosis-tools
#5
Khalid Katfy, Nicole Guiso, Idrissa Diawara, Khalid Zerouali, Bouchra Slaoui, Zineb Jouhadi, Abdelhadi Zineddine, Houria Belabbes, Naima Elmdaghri
BACKGROUND: Pertussis, a vaccine preventable disease, is still responsible of significant morbidity and mortality around the world, mostly in newborns. The aim of the present study was (1) to introduce pertussis surveillance in the major pediatric hospital of Casablanca (2) to analyze the prevalence of pertussis among children under 14 years of age and their entourage in Casablanca, Morocco. METHODS: This is a prospective and non-case controlled study, including children suspected of Pertussis admitted at the Abderrahim Harouchi Pediatric Hospital in Casablanca, from January 2013 to June 2015...
May 16, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487034/usefulness-of-multiple-biomarkers-for-predicting-incident-major-adverse-cardiac-events-in-patients-who-underwent-diagnostic-coronary-angiography-from-the-catheter-sampled-blood-archive-in-cardiovascular-diseases-casablanca-study
#6
Cian P McCarthy, Roland R J van Kimmenade, Hanna K Gaggin, Mandy L Simon, Nasrien E Ibrahim, Parul Gandhi, Noreen Kelly, Shweta R Motiwala, Arianna M Belcher, Jamie Harisiades, Craig A Magaret, Rhonda F Rhyne, James L Januzzi
We sought to develop a multiple biomarker approach for prediction of incident major adverse cardiac events (MACE; composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and stroke) in patients referred for coronary angiography. In a 649-participant training cohort, predictors of MACE within 1 year were identified using least-angle regression; over 50 clinical variables and 109 biomarkers were analyzed. Predictive models were generated using least absolute shrinkage and selection operator with logistic regression...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376809/molecular-characterization-of-penicillin-non-susceptible-streptococcus-pneumoniae-isolated-before-and-after-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-implementation-in-casablanca-morocco
#7
Idrissa Diawara, Abouddihaj Barguigua, Khalid Katfy, Kaotar Nayme, Houria Belabbes, Mohammed Timinouni, Khalid Zerouali, Naima Elmdaghri
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, especially among children and the elderly. The ability to effectively treat pneumococcal infection has been compromised due to the acquisition of antibiotic resistance, particularly to β-lactam drugs. This study aimed to describe the prevalence and molecular evolution of penicillin non-susceptible S. pneumoniae (PNSP) isolated from invasive diseases before and after pneumococcal conjugate vaccine implementation in Casablanca, Morocco...
April 4, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352884/fountain-streaming-contributes-to-fast-tip-growth-through-regulating-the-gradients-of-turgor-pressure-and-concentration-in-pollen-tubes
#8
ShaoBao Liu, Han Liu, ShangSheng Feng, Min Lin, Feng Xu, Tian Jian Lu
Fountain streaming is a typical microfluidic pattern in plant cells, especially for cells with a high aspect ratio such as pollen tubes. Although it has been found that fountain streaming plays crucial roles in the transport of nutrients and metabolites, the positioning of organelles and the mixing of cytoplasms, its implications for the fast tip growth of pollen tubes remain a mystery. To address this, based on the observations of asiatic lily Lilium Casablanca, we developed physical models for reverse fountain streaming in pollen tubes and solved the hydrodynamics and advection-diffusion dynamics of viscous Stokes flow in the shank and apical region of pollen tubes...
April 19, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270850/prevalence-of-skin-sensitization-to-pollen-of-date-palm-in-marrakesh-morocco
#9
Hind Serhane, Lamyae Amro, Hafsa Sajiai, Abdelhaq Alaoui Yazidi
Background. Date palm's pollen has been identified as a source of allergy; the rate of sensitization of this pollen is between 6 and 29%. Objective. To determine the prevalence of sensitization to date palm in Marrakesh and to identify the clinical profile. Patients and Methods. This study is based on a questionnaire and the prick test on 7 allergens, in population aged 5 years and above with clinical symptoms suggesting allergic diseases, from November 2012 to February 2013 in Marrakech. Results. We included 468 patients (women: 79...
2017: Journal of Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254177/a-clinical-and-biomarker-scoring-system-to-predict-the-presence-of-obstructive-coronary-artery-disease
#10
Nasrien E Ibrahim, James L Januzzi, Craig A Magaret, Hanna K Gaggin, Rhonda F Rhyne, Parul U Gandhi, Noreen Kelly, Mandy L Simon, Shweta R Motiwala, Arianna M Belcher, Roland R J van Kimmenade
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive models to predict the presence of coronary artery disease (CAD) may help reduce the societal burden of CAD. OBJECTIVES: From a prospective registry of patients referred for coronary angiography, the goal of this study was to develop a clinical and biomarker score to predict the presence of significant CAD. METHODS: In a training cohort of 649 subjects, predictors of ≥70% stenosis in at least 1 major coronary vessel were identified from >200 candidate variables, including 109 biomarkers...
March 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149227/epidemiology-of-nosocomial-fungal-infections-in-the-national-center-for-burns-in-casablanca-morocco
#11
A Rafik, M Diouri, N Bahechar, A Chlihi
Fungal infection is a leading cause of death in burns patients and incurs significant costs for burn units. Our aim was to determine epidemiology of these infections, and analyze risk factors in the burns intensive care unit of the National Center for Burns and Plastic Surgery at Ibn-Rochd University Hospital, Casablanca. It is a retrospective review of all patients admitted from 2011-2014 who developed cultures positive for fungal organisms. Criteria for nosocomial fungal infections were those of the Center for Disease Control in Atlanta (1988, revised 1992, 2004)...
June 30, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986090/first-report-of-l1014f-kdr-mutation-in-culex-pipiens-complex-from-morocco
#12
Meriem Bkhache, Fatim-Zohra Tmimi, Omar Charafeddine, Chafika Faraj, Anna-Bella Failloux, M'hammed Sarih
BACKGROUND: Mosquitoes of the Culex pipiens complex, competent vectors for West Nile virus (WNV) and Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) are widely targeted by insecticide treatments. The intensive application of chemical insecticides led to the development of resistance in many insects including Culex pipiens mosquitoes. The absence of data on resistance mechanisms in Morocco allow us to assess the levels of lambda-cyhalothrin resistance and the frequency of the mutated gene L1014F kdr in different forms of Cx...
December 16, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931869/a-genetic-overview-of-atlantic-coastal-populations-from-europe-and-north-west-africa-based-on-a-17-x-str-panel
#13
Endika Prieto-Fernández, Ana Díaz-de Usera, Miriam Baeta, Carolina Núñez, Faiza Chbel, Sellama Nadifi, Karen Rouault, Claude Férec, Orla Hardiman, Fátima Pinheiro, Marian M de Pancorbo
The forensic use of X-STRs requires the creation of allele and haplotype frequency databases in the populations where they are going to be used. Recently, an updated Spanish allele and haplotype frequency database for the new 17 X-STR panel has been created, being the only database available up to now for this new multiplex. In order to broaden the forensic applicability of the 17 X-STR panel, 513 individuals from four different populations located on the Atlantic Coast of Europe and North-West Africa have been studied, i...
March 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894876/long-term-functional-outcomes-after-primary-surgical-repair-of-acute-and-chronic-patellar-tendon-rupture-series-of-25%C3%A2-patients
#14
K Belhaj, H El Hyaoui, A Tahir, S Meftah, L Mahir, A Rafaoui, F Lmidmani, M Arsi, M Rahmi, M Rafai, A Garch, M Fadili, M Nechad, A El Fatimi
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes after surgical repair of patellar tendon rupture (PTR) and compare the evolution of 2 types of rupture (acute and chronic) after the same rehabilitation protocol. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of patients with PTR treated between January 2006 and January 2014 in the department of trauma surgery, Ibn Rochd university hospital, Casablanca. RESULTS: We evaluated 25 patients (21 men) after a median follow-up of 75 months (range 29-120)...
July 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836765/nasal-breathing-and-the-vertical-dimension-a-cephalometric-study
#15
Amal El Aouame, Asmaa Daoui, Farid El Quars
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this work was to perform a cephalometric analysis of the craniofacial parameters and natural head posture of mouth-breathers compared with control subjects, and to study the relationship between nose-breathing and the vertical dimension. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The headfilms taken at start of treatment of 53 cases (28 girls, 25 boys) aged 9 to 30 who consulted the dento-facial orthopedic department of the Ibn Rochd Casablanca dental consultation and treatment center were studied...
December 2016: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793528/-mucinous-carcinoma-of-the-breast-clinical-biological-and-evolutive-profile
#16
N Naqos, A Naim, H Jouhadi, A Taleb, Z Bouchbika, N Benchakroune, N Tawfiq, S Sahraoui, A Benider
PURPOSE: Mucinous carcinoma of the breast accounts for 1 to 4% of all breast cancer. There are two histological subtypes: mixed mucinous carcinoma, where the ductal carcinoma is associated with the colloid component, and pure mucinous carcinoma, with a favorable prognosis, where the mucus surrounds the tumour tissue and constitutes a mechanical barrier limiting cell invasion and making this form less aggressive. Our study aimed to determine retrospectively the main epidemiological, clinical, biological, and therapeutic features, as well as the prognosis of this rare form of breast carcinoma...
December 2016: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777543/%C3%A3-pid%C3%A3-miologie-des-br%C3%A3-lures-de-la-main-chez-les-enfants-vus-dans-le-centre-national-des-br%C3%A3-l%C3%A3-s-et-de-chirurgie-plastique-de-casablanca-maroc
#17
A Rafik, M Lahlou, M Diouri, N Bahechar, A Chlihi
Hand burns in children are common and may lead to debilitating sequelae. Therefore, full functional restoration of the hand is the goal of treatment. To assess the epidemiological, clinical and development aspects of the burns, we conducted a retrospective study over 4 years, from January 2011 to January 2015. It evaluated 313 children suffering from burns and treated at the National Burn and Plastic Surgery Unit of Ibn Richd Teaching Hospital in Casablanca. Most patients were aged 3-6 years (70%), with a slight male predominance...
December 31, 2015: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725209/enhancing-heterologous-protein-expression-and-secretion-in-hek293-cells-by-means-of-combination-of-cmv-promoter-and-ifn%C3%AE-2-signal-peptide
#18
Ramón Román, Joan Miret, Federica Scalia, Antoni Casablancas, Martí Lecina, Jordi J Cairó
Efficient production and secretion of recombinant proteins in mammalian cell lines relies in a combination of genetic, metabolic and culture strategy factors. The present work assesses the influence of two key genetic components of expression vectors (promoter and signal peptide) on protein production and secretion effciency in HEK293 cells expressing eGFP as a reporter protein. Firstly, the strength of 3 different promoters was evaluated using transient expression methods. Flow cytometry analysis revealed that the highest level of intracellular protein expression was found when eGFP was under the control of CMV promoter, being 3-times higher in comparison to the rest of the promoters tested...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676835/impact-of-knee-osteoarthritis-on-the-quality-of-life
#19
Laila Mahir, Karima Belhaj, Siham Zahi, Herman Azanmasso, Fatima Lmidmani, Abdellatif El Fatimi
OBJECTIVE/INTRODUCTION: The aging of the population is of osteoarthritis a major public health problem. It is a source of pain and functional disability and therefore has a very important social and professional impact. OBJECTIVE: To review the quality of life for knee osteoarthritis people across scales. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: descriptive prospective study over 6 months of 30 knee OA patients collected in physical medicine and functional rehabilitation of Ibn Rushd University Hospital, Casablanca, Morocco...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676828/contribution-of-isokinetic-in-tendinopathy-of-the-rotator-cuff-experience-of-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-casablanca
#20
Karima Belhaj, Soumia Meftah, Hicham Elhyaoui, Laila Mahir, Amine Tahir, Mohamed Rahmi, Mohamed Rafai, Abdelhak Garch, Mohamed Nechad, Fatima Lmidmani, Abdellatif Elfatimi
OBJECTIVE: Originally developed for the purpose of muscle strengthening, mainly for knee muscles, the isokinetic has gradually seen its scope expand to other joints, especially in muscle testing, becoming one of reference. Son methods applied to the pathology of the shoulder is relatively recent and, to date, the rules for implementing the tests and rehabilitation remain unclear. The aim of study is to define the contribution of the isokinetic evaluation in the management of shoulder tendon...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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