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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812313/current-and-potential-pharmacological-and-psychosocial-interventions-for-anxiety-symptoms-and-disorders-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-structured-review
#1
REVIEW
Fleur M Howells, David G Kingdon, David S Baldwin
OBJECTIVE: Between 30% and 62% of patients with schizophrenia present with co-morbid anxiety disorders that are associated with increased overall burden. Our aim was to summarize current and potential interventions for anxiety in schizophrenia. DESIGN: Structured review, summarizing pharmacological and psychosocial interventions used to reduce anxiety in schizophrenia and psychosis. RESULTS: Antipsychotics have been shown to reduce anxiety, increase anxiety, or have no effect...
August 15, 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811112/exogenous-testosterone-affects-early-threat-processing-in-socially-anxious-and-healthy-women
#2
Jacobien M van Peer, Dorien Enter, Henk van Steenbergen, Philip Spinhoven, Karin Roelofs
Testosterone plays an important role in social threat processing. Recent evidence suggests that testosterone administration has socially anxiolytic effects, but it remains unknown whether this involves early vigilance or later, more sustained, processing-stages. We investigated the acute effects of testosterone administration on social threat processing in 19 female patients with Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) and 19 healthy controls. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded during an emotional Stroop task with subliminally presented faces...
August 12, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809799/update-on-monoterpenes-as-antimicrobial-agents-a-particular-focus-on-p-cymene
#3
REVIEW
Anna Marchese, Carla Renata Arciola, Ramona Barbieri, Ana Sanches Silva, Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Arold Jorel Tsetegho Sokeng, Morteza Izadi, Nematollah Jonaidi Jafari, Ipek Suntar, Maria Daglia, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi
p-Cymene [1-methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)-benzene] is a monoterpene found in over 100 plant species used for medicine and food purposes. It shows a range of biological activity including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive, anxiolytic, anticancer and antimicrobial effects. This last property has been widely investigated due to the urgent need for new substances with antimicrobial properties, to be used to treat communicable diseases whose diffusion in developed countries has been facilitated by globalization and the evolution of antimicrobial resistance...
August 15, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808909/oxytocin-and-anxiety-disorders-translational-and-therapeutic-aspects
#4
REVIEW
Wadih Jean Naja, Michaelangelo Pietro Aoun
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to evaluate the most recent literature examining the oxytocin (OXT) system's role in human anxiety by surveying various fields of preclinical and clinical research supporting this role, and queries whether the OXT system might be a target for novel anxiolytics. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence from the diverse body of literature presented here, from translational research, genetic and neuroimaging studies, to clinical trials of intranasal (IN) OXT reveals a positive association...
August 15, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805209/neuropeptide-s-induces-acute-anxiolysis-by-phospholipase-c-dependent-signaling-within-the-medial-amygdala
#5
Thomas Grund, Inga D Neumann
Neuropeptide S (NPS) is an important anxiolytic substance of the brain. However, the signaling pathways downstream of NPS receptor (NPSR) activation, underlying the behavioral effect of NPS, remain largely unknown. Here, we show that bilateral microinfusion of NPS (0.2 nmol/0.5 μl) into the medial amygdala (MeA) of male adult Wistar rats reduced anxiety-related behavior on both, the elevated plus-maze and the open field. Moreover, as shown in amygdala tissue micropunches intracerebroventricular infusion of NPS (1 nmol/5 μl) I) evoked phosphorylation and synthesis of CaMKIIɑ in relation to reference protein beta-tubulin representing Ca(2+) influx, and II) induced phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase ERK1/2...
August 14, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803323/effect-of-footshock-stress-on-place-conditioning-produced-by-%C3%AE-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-and-the-fatty-acid-amide-hydrolase-faah-inhibitor-urb597-in-sprague-dawley-rats
#6
Marieka V DeVuono, Kiri L Wills, Danielle V MacPherson, Kelly M Hrelja, Linda A Parker
RATIONALE: Unlike other drugs of abuse, Δ(9)-tetrahydrocanabinol (THC) is generally aversive in rodent conditioned place preference models, but little is known about how stress may modify THC affective properties. OBJECTIVE: We evaluate the potential of footshock stress to enhance the rewarding effects of THC and the fatty acid amide hydrolase inhibitor, URB597, as it has been shown to enhance their anxiolytic effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effect of footshock stress 24 h prior to each conditioning trial on the rewarding/aversive effects of THC (1, 0...
August 12, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803083/the-impact-of-combined-use-of-opioids-antipsychotics-and-anxiolytics-on-survival-in-the-hospice-setting
#7
Marin Golčić, Renata Dobrila-Dintinjana, Goran Golčić, Aleksandar Čubranić
CONTEXT: Opioids and sedatives are the cornerstone of symptom management in the end-of-life patients, but undertreatment is a common problem. Although several studies explored the individual effect of opioids, anxiolytics and antipsychotics on survival, not much is known regarding their combined use. As these drugs share similar and potentially fatal side effects, primarily respiratory depression which occurs more often during night-hours, it is crucial to explore whether their interaction poses a danger for fragile hospice patients...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802139/analysis-of-neurobehavioural-data-by-chemometric-methods-in-ecotoxicological-studies
#8
Cristian Gómez-Canela, Eva Prats, Romà Tauler, Demetrio Raldúa
Incorporation of chemometric tools in behavioural data management workflows allows for the early identification of most relevant endpoints complementarily to statistical confirmatory approaches. In this work, the effects of two model neurotoxicants, chlorpyrifos (CPF) and nicotine, exposures on behavioural profiles of adult zebrafish at three different times (2, 6 and 24h) were evaluated using open field test (OFT) paradigm experiments. Two chemometric methods like Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Analysis of Variance-Simultaneous Component Analysis (ASCA) have been used to interpret the changes observed in the obtained behavioural data...
August 9, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800869/the-role-of-ca3-gabab-receptors-on-anxiolytic-like-behaviors-and-avoidance-memory-deficit-induced-by-d-ap5-with-respect-to-ca-2-ions
#9
Shahram Zarrabian, Mohammad Nasehi, Maryam Farrahizadeh, Mohammad-Reza Zarrindast
Glutamatergic and GABAergic systems play key roles in the hippocampus and affect the pathogenesis of anxiety- and memory-related processes. Some investigations have assessed the role of balancing the function of these two systems in different areas of the central nervous system (CNS) as an approach to manage the related disorders. We investigated the anxiety and avoidance memory states using the test-retest protocol in the elevated plus maze to understand the role of GABAB receptors (GABABRs) in relation to the NMDA receptor blockade by D-AP5 (an NMDA receptor antagonist)...
August 8, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800762/the-novel-cannabinoid-receptor-gpr55-mediates-anxiolytic-like-effects-in-the-medial-orbital-cortex-of-mice-with-acute-stress
#10
Qi-Xin Shi, Liu-Kun Yang, Wen-Long Shi, Lu Wang, Shi-Meng Zhou, Shao-Yu Guan, Ming-Gao Zhao, Qi Yang
The G protein-coupled receptor 55 (GPR55) is a novel cannabinoid receptor, whose exact role in anxiety remains unknown. The present study was conducted to explore the possible mechanisms by which GPR55 regulates anxiety and to evaluate the effectiveness of O-1602 in the treatment of anxiety-like symptoms. Mice were exposed to two types of acute stressors: restraint and forced swimming. Anxiety behavior was evaluated using the elevated plus maze and the open field test. We found that O-1602 alleviated anxiety-like behavior in acutely stressed mice...
August 11, 2017: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800105/anti-anxiety-effect-of-syringaresnol-4-o-%C3%AE-d-apiofuranosyl-1%C3%A2-2-%C3%AE-d-glucopyranoside-from-albizzia-julibrissin-durazz-leguminosae
#11
Jie Liu, Yue-Wei Lv, Jin-Li Shi, Xiao-Jie Ma, Yi Chen, Zhi-Quan Zheng, Sheng-Nan Wang, Jian-You Guo
Albizzia julibrissin Durazz, a Chinese Medicine, is commonly used for its anti-anxiety effects. (-)-syringaresnol-4-O-β-d-apiofuranosyl-(1→2)-β-d-glucopyranoside (SAG) is the main ingredient of Albizzia julibrissin Durazz. The present study investigated the anxiolytic effect and potential mechanisms on the HPA axis and monoaminergic systems of SAG on acute restraint-stressed rats. The anxiolytic effect of SAG was examined through an open field test and an elevated plus maze test. The concentration of CRF, ACTH, and CORT in plasma was examined by an enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA) kit while neurotransmitters in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus of the brain were examined by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)...
August 11, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799787/increased-risk-of-diabetes-among-6-24-year-olds-using-second-generation-antipsychotics
#12
Shan Xing, Todd A Lee
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to estimate the association between use of second generation antipsychotics (SGAs) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) among commercially insured children and young adults 6-24 years compared to users of non-SGA psychotropic medications. METHODS: Using the Truven MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters Database, new users of SGA and non-SGA psychotropic medications (anxiolytics, antidepressants, hypnotics, and mood stabilizers) between July 1, 2009 and December 31, 2013 who were 6-24 years of age and had continuous coverage ≥180 days before their index date (i...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798689/high-resolution-uhplc-ms-metabolomics-and-sedative-anxiolytic-effects-of-latua-pubiflora-a-mystic-plant-used-by-mapuche-amerindians
#13
Eliana L Sánchez-Montoya, Marco A Reyes, Joel Pardo, Juana Nuñez-Alarcón, José G Ortiz, Juan C Jorge, Jorge Bórquez, Andrei Mocan, Mario J Simirgiotis
Latua pubiflora (Griseb) Phil. Is a native shrub of the Solanaceae family that grows freely in southern Chile and is employed among Mapuche aboriginals to induce sedative effects and hallucinations in religious or medicine rituals since prehispanic times. In this work, the pentobarbital-induced sleeping test and the elevated plus maze test were employed to test the behavioral effects of extracts of this plant in mice. The psychopharmacological evaluation of L. pubiflora extracts in mice determined that both alkaloid-enriched as well as the non-alkaloid extracts produced an increase of sleeping time and alteration of motor activity in mice at 150 mg/Kg...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797691/antidepressant-like-activity-of-venlafaxine-and-clonidine-in-mice-exposed-to-single-prolonged-stress-a-model-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-pharmacodynamic-and-molecular-docking-studies
#14
Natalia Malikowska, Łukasz Fijałkowski, Alicja Nowaczyk, Piotr Popik, Kinga Sałat
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a growing issue worldwide characterized by stress and anxiety in response to re-experiencing traumatic events which strongly impair patient's quality of life and social functions. Available antidepressant and anxiolytic drugs are not efficacious in the majority of treated individuals. This necessitates a significant medical demand to develop novel therapeutic strategies for PTSD. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Animal model of PTSD was induced using a mouse single prolonged stress protocol (mSPS)...
August 7, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795023/leptocarpus-disjunctus-prolongs-sleeping-time-and-increases-nonrapid-eye-movement-sleep-with-additional-anxiolytic-capacity
#15
Watchara Damjuti, Thanes Fuangfoo, Chanida Palanuvej, Tingli Li, Nijsiri Ruangrungsi
Leptocarpus disjunctus Mast. (Restionaceae) is an edible plant which has indigenous warnings regarding its side effects which can manifest as dizziness. This study investigated hypnotic and anxiolytic properties using several animal models. Anxiolytic activities were evaluated using locomotor determination by elevated plus-maze test, open-field test, and rotarod performance test. Hypnotic activities were performed using pentobarbital sodium-induced sleeping time test. Sleep architecture and quality were obtained from sleep-wake analysis and nonrapid eye movement (NREM) delta activity using electroencephalography...
July 2017: Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782528/the-use-of-benzodiazepine-receptor-agonists-and-the-risk-of-pneumonia-hospitalization-a-nationwide-population-based-nested-case-control-study
#16
Tien-Yu Chen, John W Winkelman, Wei-Chung Mao, Chia-Lin Liu, Chung-Yao Hsu, Chi-Shin Wu
BACKGROUND: The relationship between the use of benzodiazepine receptor agonists (BZRAs) and the risk of pneumonia hospitalization remains inconclusive. This study aimed to explore the association between BZRA use and pneumonia hospitalization in a general population. METHODS: This population-based, nested case-control study used Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database between 2002 and 2012. We only included new users who did not have any BZRA prescriptions on record in the preceding two years and identified 12,002 subjects with pneumonia hospitalization (ICD-9 codes: 480-486) and 12,002 disease risk score matched controls...
August 4, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782383/anxiolytic-potency-of-iridoid-fraction-extracted-from-valeriana-jatamansi-jones-and-its-mechanism-a-preliminary-study
#17
Xue-Mei Zhang, Jia-Li Zhu, Yong Sun, Yao-Lan Dai, Xiu Chen, Jia-Hong Cao, Ruo-Cong Yang, Chang Chen, Chao-Ying Ma, Tian-E Zhang, Yun-Hui Chen, Zhi-Yong Yan
Valeriana jatamansi Jones (V. jatamansi) has been widely used for treating anxiety and its mechanism involves many aspects including GABA level. This study aimed to evaluate the anxiolytic potency of an iridoid fraction extracted from the radix and rhizomes of V. jatamansi. The iridoid fraction was extracted by using D101 resin; its major components were analysed preliminarily by thin layer chromatography, ultraviolet spectrophotometry and high-performance liquid chromatography; and its anxiolytic effects at 6 mg/kg (low-dose), 9 mg/kg (medium-dose) and 12 mg/kg (high-dose) were evaluated using the elevated plus maze test, the light-dark box test, the Vogel's drinking conflict test, and the open field drink test...
August 7, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779919/music-for-anxiety-reduction-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-catheterization-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
REVIEW
Jai P Jayakar, David A Alter
BACKGROUND: Medical diagnostic procedures, such as cardiac catheterization, can cause significant patient anxiety. Patient anxiety can have negative implications for compliance with healthcare visits, medical tests, and treatments. Music interventions may have a role in reducing anxiety related to cardiac catheterization procedures. OBJECTIVE: To perform a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis evaluating whether musical interventions reduce anxiety in patients undergoing cardiac catheterization...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777691/behavioral-effect-of-sterculia-apetala-seed-oil-consumption-in-male-zucker-rats
#19
Socorro Herrera-Meza, Juan Francisco Rodríguez-Landa, Armando J Martínez, Grecia Herrera-Meza, Rafael Fernández-Demeneghi, Karla Reyes-Saldaña, Rosa María Oliart-Ros
Sterculia apetala (order: Malvales, family: Sterculiaceae) seed oil contains two cyclopropene fatty acids: sterculic and malvalic acid. Both positive and negative effects have been associated with the consumption of sterculic oil. In Mexico, S. apetala seeds are consumed after being boiled or roasted, used as chocolate flavoring, and utilized as animal fodder. Therefore, it is important to evaluate whether the consumption of this seed has a negative impact on the organism. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of administration of sterculic oil, during an 8-week period, on anxiety-like behavior and spontaneous locomotor activity in Zucker rats, analyzed through light/dark and open-field tests...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777359/-anxiety-and-sleep-in-experiment-and-clinic
#20
E V Verbitsky
High anxiety is a genetically determined personal trait. It is produced by limbic system and other cerebral structures involved in maintenance of wakefulness and development of sleep. Analysis of experiments on the animals and clinic observations showed that animals and individuals with high personal anxiety have a high risk of anxiety disorders. Inhibition of GABA-benzodiazepine system which is typical for high anxiety dramatically influences sleep duration and sleep quality. Phenazepamum due to its anxiolytic properties deactivates the excitation focus in the brain, jugulates anxiety and normalize sleep...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
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