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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402491/wasp-write-a-scientific-paper-understanding-research-metrics
#1
Sarah Cuschieri
Research metrics are quantitative measurements that identify and acknowledge research output while enhancing article, author and journal impact within the academic community. The article impact depends on the number of times that same article is cited by other authors, while an author's impact depends on the number of citations received on the total number of published articles by the same author. With the advancement in technology and the increased availability of open access journals, article-level metrics has become a popular metric...
February 2, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398140/wasp-write-a-scientific-paper-using-excel-6-standard-error-and-confidence-interval
#2
Victor Grech
The calculation of descriptive statistics includes the calculation of standard error and confidence interval, an inevitable component of data analysis in inferential statistics. This paper provides pointers as to how to do this in Microsoft Excel™.
February 2, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383538/outcomes-of-bee-sting-injury-comparison-of-hornet-and-paper-wasp
#3
Takashi Ono, Masaharu Iida, Yosai Mori, Ryohei Nejima, Takuya Iwasaki, Shiro Amano, Kazunori Miyata
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of ocular injuries of hornets and paper wasps' stings. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with ocular injuries sustained by bee stings at Miyata Eye Hospital (Miyazaki, Japan) between August 2000 and July 2016 were enrolled. Retrospective data regarding type of bee, visual acuity, and treatment were collected from medical records. Outcomes of the hornet and wasp groups were compared...
January 30, 2018: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368265/caste-fate-determination-primarily-occurs-after-adult-emergence-in-a-primitively-eusocial-paper-wasp-significance-of-the-photoperiod-during-the-adult-stage
#4
Hideto Yoshimura, Yoshihiro Y Yamada
Independent-founding paper wasps constitute a major group of primitively eusocial insects, and when caste-fate determination occurs in temperate species of these wasps, particularly regarding whether it occurs before or after emergence, remains unclear. No critical morphological differences occur between potential queens of the next generation (often called gynes) and workers in primitively eusocial insects. The gynes of temperate species are characterized by diapausing, and the nutrients available during the larval stage have often been believed to determine caste fate...
January 24, 2018: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366534/wasp-write-a-scientific-paper-using-excel-3-plotting-data
#5
Victor Grech
The plotting of data into graphs should be a mandatory step in all data analysis as part of a descriptive statistics exercise, since it gives the researcher an overview of the shape and nature of the data. Moreover, outlier values may be identified, which may be incorrect data, or true outliers, from which important findings (and publications) may arise. This exercise should always precede inferential statistics, when possible, and this paper in the Early Human Development WASP series provides some pointers for doing so in Microsoft Excel™...
January 20, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361329/wasp-write-a-scientific-paper-using-excel-1-data-entry-and-validation
#6
Victor Grech
Data collection for the purposes of analysis, after the planning and execution of a research study, commences with data input and validation. The process of data entry and analysis may appear daunting to the uninitiated, but as pointed out in the 1970s in a series of papers by British Medical Journal Deputy Editor TDV Swinscow, modern hardware and software (he was then referring to the availability of hand calculators) permits the performance of statistical testing outside a computer laboratory. In this day and age, modern software, such as the ubiquitous and almost universally familiar Microsoft Excel™ greatly facilitates this process...
January 17, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361328/write-a-scientific-paper-wasp-a-career-critical-skill
#7
EDITORIAL
Victor Grech, Sarah Cuschieri
The ability to write a scientific paper (WASP) is becoming progressively more critical because the "publish or perish" mantra is increasingly valid in today's world where success is judged by number of publications and quality of publications based on journals which publish the researcher's work. These metrics are used to gauge applicants in often cut-throat competitions for jobs and/or career advancement. However, the science and art of paper-writing comprise a vast panoply of different skills, from writing a proposal, to ethics and data protection applications, to data collection and analysis, to writing and dealing with editors and authors, and so on...
January 17, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338977/wasp-write-a-scientific-paper-using-excel-2-pivot-tables
#8
Victor Grech
Data analysis at the descriptive stage and the eventual presentation of results requires the tabulation and summarisation of data. This exercise should always precede inferential statistics. Pivot tables and pivot charts are one of Excel's most powerful and underutilised features, with tabulation functions that immensely facilitate descriptive statistics. Pivot tables permit users to dynamically summarise and cross-tabulate data, create tables in several dimensions, offer a range of summary statistics and can be modified interactively with instant outputs...
January 12, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338976/wasp-write-a-scientific-paper-using-excel-4-histograms
#9
Victor Grech
Plotting data into graphs is a crucial step in data analysis as part of an initial descriptive statistics exercise since it gives the researcher an overview of the shape and nature of the data. Outlier values may also be identified, and these may be incorrect data, or true and important outliers. This paper explains how to access Microsoft Excel's Analysis Toolpak and provides some pointers for the utilisation of the histogram tool within the Toolpak.
January 12, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333569/an-integrated-fuzzy-based-advanced-eutrophication-simulation-model-to-develop-the-best-management-scenarios-for-a-river-basin
#10
Rallapalli Srinivas, Ajit Pratap Singh
Assessment of water quality status of a river with respect to its discharge has become prerequisite to sustainable river basin management. The present paper develops an integrated model for simulating and evaluating strategies for water quality management in a river basin management by controlling point source pollutant loadings and operations of multi-purpose projects. Water Quality Analysis and Simulation Program (WASP version 8.0) has been used for modeling the transport of pollutant loadings and their impact on water quality in the river...
January 14, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261775/nest-signature-changes-throughout-colony-cycle-and-after-social-parasite-invasion-in-social-wasps
#11
Marta Elia, Giuliano Blancato, Laura Picchi, Christophe Lucas, Anne-Geneviève Bagnères, Maria Cristina Lorenzi
Social insects recognize their nestmates by means of a cuticular hydrocarbon signature shared by colony members, but how nest signature changes across time has been rarely tested in longitudinal studies and in the field. In social wasps, the chemical signature is also deposited on the nest surface, where it is used by newly emerged wasps as a reference to learn their colony odor. Here, we investigate the temporal variations of the chemical signature that wasps have deposited on their nests. We followed the fate of the colonies of the social paper wasp Polistes biglumis in their natural environment from colony foundation to decline...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073190/effects-of-climate-change-on-a-mutualistic-coastal-species-recovery-from-typhoon-damages-and-risks-of-population-erosion
#12
Yu-Ting Chiu, Anthony Bain, Shu-Lin Deng, Yi-Chiao Ho, Wen-Hsuan Chen, Hsy-Yu Tzeng
Presently, climate change has increased the frequency of extreme meteorological events such as tropical cyclones. In the western Pacific basin, these cyclones are called typhoons, and in this area, around Taiwan Island, their frequency has almost doubled since 2000. When approaching landmasses, typhoons have devastating effects on coastal vegetation. The increased frequency of these events has challenged the survival of coastal plant species and their posttyphoon recovery. In this study, a population of coastal gynodioecious Ficus pedunculosa var...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019464/ovipositor-inspired-steerable-needle-design-and-preliminary-experimental-evaluation
#13
Marta Scali, Tim Philipp Pusch, Paul Breedveld, D Dodou
Flexible steerable needles have the potential to allow surgeons to reach deep targets inside the human body with higher accuracy than rigid needles do. Furthermore, by maneuvering around critical anatomical structures, steerable needles could limit the risk of tissue damage. However, the design of a thin needle (e.g., diameter under 2 mm) with a multi-direction steering mechanism is challenging. The goal of this paper is to outline the design and experimental evaluation of a biologically inspired needle with a diameter under 2 mm that advances through straight and curved trajectories in a soft substrate without being pushed, without buckling, and without the need of axial rotation...
October 11, 2017: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968508/functional-genomics-in-the-wild-a-case-study-with-paper-wasps-shows-challenges-and-prospects-for-rna-interference-in-ecological-systems
#14
Susan Weiner, Amy Geffre, Amy Lynn Toth
RNA-interference (RNAi) is a useful tool to assess gene function by knocking down expression of a target gene, and has been used successfully in domestic and laboratory organisms. However, RNAi for functional genomics has not fully extended into ecological model organisms in natural environments. Assessment of gene function in the wild is important, because gene function can be environmentally and context-dependent. Here, we present a case study using RNAi to assess gene function in wild paper wasps Polistes metricus, to test roles for two candidate genes (NADH dehydrogenase and Retinoid and fatty acid binding protein) in the development of reproductive castes...
October 2, 2017: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925772/wasp-write-a-scientific-paper-course-why-and-how
#15
Victor Grech
The ability to write up research in the form of a paper is a crucial requisite for academics. The skills required are manifold and are acquired piecemeal during an individual's training. Matters would be facilitated by a short and intensive course that would cover all of these facets. Such a course would ideally be delivered by experienced writers and editors. It is for this very reason that WASP (Write a Scientific Paper) was created. WASP was held outside of Malta for the first time, in London. This paper describes the preparations required in order to plan and execute a course of this or similar nature...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855917/peptidomic-analysis-of-the-venom-of-the-solitary-bee-xylocopa-appendiculata-circumvolans
#16
Kohei Kazuma, Kenji Ando, Ken-Ichi Nihei, Xiaoyu Wang, Marisa Rangel, Marcia Regina Franzolin, Kanami Mori-Yasumoto, Setsuko Sekita, Makoto Kadowaki, Motoyoshi Satake, Katsuhiro Konno
BACKGROUND: Among the hymenopteran insect venoms, those from social wasps and bees - such as honeybee, hornets and paper wasps - have been well documented. Their venoms are composed of a number of peptides and proteins and used for defending their nests and themselves from predators. In contrast, the venoms of solitary wasps and bees have not been the object of further research. In case of solitary bees, only major peptide components in a few venoms have been addressed. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the peptide component profile of the venom from the solitary bee Xylocopa appendiculata circumvolans by peptidomic analysis with using LC-MS...
2017: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins Including Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837069/a-preliminary-investigation-of-the-interactions-between-the-brood-parasite-chalcoela-iphitalis-and-its-polistine-wasp-hosts
#17
Scott Nacko, Gregg Henderson
The life history of Chalcoela iphitalis-a common brood parasite of social wasps-has been described in previous literature, but critical information regarding oviposition behavior and possible differential host parasitism remain cryptic. Here we report on infestation levels of this moth in field populations of paper wasps in Polistes and Mischocyttarus, as well as the oviposition behavior of the moths under a laboratory setting. We found evidence for differential parasitism between paper wasp genera in the field, with almost 50% nest infestation in P...
August 24, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718981/health-economic-analysis-of-allergen-immunotherapy-ait-for-the-management-of-allergic-rhinitis-asthma-food-allergy-and-venom-allergy-a-systematic-overview
#18
REVIEW
Miqdad Asaria, Sangeeta Dhami, Ronald van Ree, Roy Gerth van Wijk, Antonella Muraro, Graham Roberts, Aziz Sheikh
BACKGROUND: The European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) is developing guidelines for allergen immunotherapy (AIT) for the management of allergic rhinitis, allergic asthma, IgE-mediated food allergy and venom allergy. To inform the development of clinical recommendations, we undertook systematic reviews to critically assess evidence on the effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of AIT for these conditions. This paper focusses on synthesizing data and gaps in the evidence on the cost-effectiveness of AIT for these conditions...
July 18, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638944/the-effect-of-fight-cost-structure-on-fighting-behaviour-involving-simultaneous-decisions-and-variable-investment-levels
#19
Mark Broom, Michal Johanis, Jan Rychtář
In the "producer-scrounger" model, a producer discovers a resource and is in turn discovered by a second individual, the scrounger, who attempts to steal it. This resource can be food or a territory, and in some situations, potentially divisible. In a previous paper we considered a producer and scrounger competing for an indivisible resource, where each individual could choose the level of energy that they would invest in the contest. The higher the investment, the higher the probability of success, but also the higher the costs incurred in the contest...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637858/maternal-and-nourishment-factors-interact-to-influence-offspring-developmental-trajectories-in-social-wasps
#20
Jennifer M Jandt, Sainath Suryanarayanan, John C Hermanson, Robert L Jeanne, Amy L Toth
The social and nutritional environments during early development have the potential to affect offspring traits, but the mechanisms and molecular underpinnings of these effects remain elusive. We used Polistes fuscatus paper wasps to dissect how maternally controlled factors (vibrational signals and nourishment) interact to induce different caste developmental trajectories in female offspring, leading to worker or reproductive (gyne) traits. We established a set of caste phenotype biomarkers in P. fuscatus females, finding that gyne-destined individuals had high expression of three caste-related genes hypothesized to have roles in diapause and mitochondrial metabolism...
June 28, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
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