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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219959/primary-orbital-ewing-sarcoma-family-of-tumors-a-study-of-12-cases
#1
S Kaliki, S G Rathi, V A R Palkonda
PurposeThe purpose of this study is to discuss the clinical presentation, management, and outcomes of patients with primary orbital Ewing sarcoma family of tumors (ESFTs).Patients and methodsRetrospective study of 12 patients with biopsy-proven primary orbital ESFT.ResultsThe mean age at presentation of primary orbital ESFT was 12 years (median, 8 years; range, 5 months to 28 years). There were seven (58%) females and five (42%) males. The presenting complaints included proptosis (n=10; 83%) and swelling in the upper eyelid (n=2; 17%)...
December 8, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192135/encephalocraniocutaneous-lipomatosis-haberland-syndrome
#2
Selçuk Özdoğan, Ceyhun Saymaz, Cumhur Kaan Yaltırık, Hanife Gülden Düzkalır, Mustafa Kaya, Nail Demirel, Ali Haluk Düzkalır, Başar Sarıkaya, Berrin Aktekin
BACKGROUND Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) was first announced as a new type of ectomesodermal dysgenesis in 1970 by Haberland and Perou. ECCL was first described in 1970, and approximately 60 cases have been reported since then. The classic triad of ECCL are skin, ocular, and central nervous system involvement, including conditions such as unilateral porencephalic cyst, ipsilateral lipomatous hamartoma of the scalp-eyelids-eye globe, cortical atrophy, cranial asymmetry, developmental delay, seizures, mental retardation, and spasticity of the contralateral limbs...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147770/-infantile-hemangioma-of-the-eyelid
#3
F Lang, U P Press
Hemangiomas are one of the most common vascular tumors in infancy. In most cases no therapy is necessary and spontaneous regression is observed; however, if they arise in the periocular region, immediate action is required as rapid growth frequently leads to obstruction of the visual field with the risk of developing amblyopia and orbital suppression up to permanent disfigurement and stigmatization of those affected. Novel pharmaceutical treatment options led to a significant paradigm shift in the treatment of pediatric hemangiomas...
November 16, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134183/pigmented-spindle-cell-nevus-of-reed-of-the-eyelid
#4
Melina I Morkin, Mitesh K Kapadia, Nora V Laver
Purpose: To report the clinical, pathological, and immunohistochemical features of the first pigmented spindle cell nevus (PSCN) of Reed documented to have appeared in the eyelid. Methods: The findings of clinical and histopathological examination are presented, along with differential diagnoses and a review of the pertinent literature. Case: A 3-year-old boy presented with a rapidly growing, heavily pigmented left lower lid papule raising the concern of malignancy, warranting excisional biopsy...
September 2017: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133659/congenital-capillary-hemangioma-arising-from-palpebral-conjunctiva-of-a-neonate
#5
S Padmanaban, P Sumathi, Prayagi Kandoth, R P Dharmendra
Capillary hemangioma is the most common benign vascular eyelid tumor in childhood. The periocular lesion appears within the first few weeks after birth and usually has superficial or deep components. Primary conjunctival capillary hemangiomas are rarely reported. We present the case of a 2-day-old child with a pedunculated capillary hemangioma arising from superior palpebral conjunctiva. A complete surgical excision was performed under general anesthesia, and the child was asymptomatic at follow-up of two months...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133634/immunohistochemical-expression-of-x-linked-inhibitor-of-apoptosis-in-eyelid-sebaceous-gland-carcinoma-predicts-a-worse-prognosis
#6
Perumal Jayaraj, Seema Sen, P S Dhanaraj, Romika Jhajhria, Shalu Singh, Vijay Kumar Singh
PURPOSE: Overexpression of the inhibitors of apoptosis proteins have been demonstrated in a variety and of solid tumors including melanomas and nonmelanomas skin cancers. X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) is an inhibitor of apoptosis which prevents apoptosis by inhibiting caspases 9, 7, and 3. The prognostic value of XIAP in sebaceous gland carcinoma (SGC) remains unexplored. METHODS: The immunohistochemical expression of XIAP was evaluated in 29 SGC cases...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127446/-reduced-visual-field-due-to-a-benign-tumor-of-the-upper-eyelid
#7
N C Pausch, S Wiegand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125661/eyelid-reanimation-using-crossface-nerve-graft-relationship-between-surgical-outcome-and-preoperative-paralysis-duration
#8
Masayuki Okochi, Hiromi Okochi, Emiko Asai, Takao Sakaba, Kazuki Ueda
BACKGROUND: To reanimate the mimetic muscles, crossface nerve graft (CFNG) is an effective surgical option. However, muscle atrophy after facial paralysis may influence the surgical result. We analyzed the relationship between surgical result and preoperative paralysis duration. METHODS: We performed CFNG on 15 patients. The sural nerve was transferred between the affected and nonaffected sides of the zygomatic branch. Eyelid function and eyelid lid were evaluated using the modified House-Brackmann scale...
November 10, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118702/plaque-type-syringoma-a-case-report
#9
Chutima Rungananchai, Daranporn Triwongwaranat
Syringomas are benign appendageal tumors originated from eccrine ducts. The lesions usually present as multiple small, firm papules at lower eyelids and cheeks of women. Plaque-type syringoma is an infrequent form of syringoma and to date, 12 cases have been reported. Pathology demonstrated benign proliferation of eccrine ductal structures in the dermis with surrounding fibrotic stroma. We report the case of a 40-year-old Thai male with plaque-type syringomas at infraorbital areas.
September 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112483/clinicopathologic-factors-predictive-of-occult-lymph-node-involvement-in-cutaneous-head-and-neck-melanoma
#10
Pratyusha Yalamanchi, Jason A Brant, Jinbo Chen, Jason G Newman
Objectives Evaluate clinicopathologic factors contributing to regional lymph node (LN) metastases in cutaneous head and neck melanoma (HNM). Study Design Retrospective review of a national cancer database. Setting National Cancer Database (2004-2012). Methods National Cancer Database (NCDB) cases diagnosed between 2004 and 2012 were reviewed. Inclusion criteria were head and neck cutaneous site codes, melanoma histology codes, and clinically node-negative status. Independent, clinicopathologic factors associated with pathologic positive LN status were identified by multivariable logistic regression...
November 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111617/ocular-and-periocular-hemangiosarcoma-in-six-horses
#11
REVIEW
Nicole M Scherrer, Mary Lassaline, Julie Engiles
OBJECTIVE: To determine the characteristics of and prognosis for ocular and periocular hemangiosarcoma in horses. ANIMAL STUDIED: Six horses treated for ocular or periocular hemangiosarcoma. PROCEDURE: A retrospective review of medical records from 2007 to 2015 was performed to identify horses with a histologic diagnosis of ocular or periocular hemangiosarcoma. Signalment (age, sex, breed), duration of clinical signs, prior treatment, tumor size and location, medical and surgical treatment including postoperative chemotherapy, follow-up time, and outcome were obtained from medical records...
November 7, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110125/-laser-assisted-blepharoplasty
#12
REVIEW
R Thiesmann
Blepharoplasty is one of the most frequently performed plastic cosmetic interventions. For this purpose the CO2 laser is an instrument that can be used as a laser scalpel to cut as well as in its ablative function to remove skin irregularities, such as scars and tumors and also to treat changes of the skin due to aging. Fractionated laser irradiation reduces the duration of skin redness and the postoperative rehabilitation time after a resurfacing. The advantages of the CO2 laser are a gentle intraoperative preparation and less postoperative swelling due to an additional cauterization of blood vessels...
November 6, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059312/conjunctival-melanoma-in-chinese-patients-local-recurrence-metastasis-mortality-and-comparisons-with-caucasian-patients
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Chuandi Zhou, Yuxin Wang, Renbing Jia, Xianqun Fan
Purpose: To evaluate the prognosis in Chinese patients with conjunctival melanoma and determine its predictors. Further, to explore the racial differences in clinical characteristics and outcomes between Chinese and Caucasian patients. Methods: This cohort study included 57 eyes of 57 consecutive patients with pathologically verified conjunctival melanoma between 1996 and 2016. Medical records were reviewed for factors associated with the local recurrence, metastasis, and tumor-related mortality...
October 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053036/eyelid-syringocystadenoma-papilliferum-a-novel-presentation-with-major-review
#14
Michael C Tseng, Bijal Amin, Anne Barmettler
A major review of the literature of syringocystadenoma papilliferum's (SCAP's) presentation and management is presented. In addition, a case report of this unique diagnosis presenting as a corneal abrasion in a 66-year-old-male is included. This benign adnexal tumor of the apocrine glands is most commonly found in the face and neck. When found on the eyelids, these lesions are commonly misdiagnosed as basal cell carcinoma or cysts. Diagnosis is made based on histopathology. Treatment is complete excision of the lesion and this has a low recurrence rate...
October 20, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052604/effect-of-topical-loteprednol-etabonate-with-lid-hygiene-on-tear-cytokines-and-meibomian-gland-dysfunction-in-prosthetic-eye-wearers
#15
J S Ko, Y Seo, M K Chae, S Y Jang, J S Yoon
PurposeTo assess tear cytokine levels and clinical outcomes in meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) in the blind eye of patients wearing an ocular prosthesis after 2 months of treatment with topical loteprednol etabonate and eyelid scrubs with warm compresses.Patients and methodsThis study included patients with MGD wearing a unilateral ocular prosthesis for more than 1 year. All patients topically received 0.5% loteprednol etabonate and were instructed to scrub their eyelids with warm compresses on the prosthetic eye for 2 months...
October 20, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049099/spontaneous-rupture-of-lacrimal-gland-pleomorphic-adenoma-pivotal-role-in-masquerading-orbital-cellulitis
#16
Farzad Pakdel, Niloofar Pirmarzdashti, Sasan Soltani, Zohreh Nozarian, Fahimeh Asadi Amoli, Abolfazl Kassaee
The authors aim to report a 68-year-old patient presenting with acute swelling and redness of orbital area diagnosed initially as orbital cellulitis. Surgical excision was decided based on clinical and imaging findings with the diagnosis of pleomorphic adenoma of the lacrimal gland. Lacrimal gland pleomorphic adenoma usually presents with painless gradual swelling of upper eyelid. In an exceptionally rare circumstance, this case showed acute orbital inflammation, and imaging findings of orbital inflammation mostly focused around the cystic space of the lacrimal gland tumor...
October 14, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039986/orbital-exenteration-institutional-review-of-evolving-trends-in-indications-and-rehabilitation-techniques
#17
Hayyam Kiratli, İrem Koç
PURPOSE: To determine the changes in indications for orbital exenteration over 20 years and to assess its impact on patient survival. Evolving techniques of rehabilitation of the orbit in our institution were also evaluated. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of hospital records of patients who underwent orbital exenteration from 1995 to 2015 in a tertiary care center. Data extracted included primary location of the tumor, preoperative treatments, interval between initial diagnosis and exenteration, status of surgical margins, presence of metastatic disease, and postoperative survival...
October 17, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030282/epithelioid-hemangioendothelioma-an-uncommon-tumor-of-the-eyelid-a-case-report
#18
M A Ennouhi, A Guerrouani, A Moussaoui
Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is an infrequent vascular tumor that has an intermediate prognosis between the prognosis of the angioma and that of the angiosarcoma. Its evolution is characterized by a tendency to recurrence and metastases. EHE has been reported in locations such as: lungs, liver, bone and soft tissues. There are very few reports of cases involving the head and neck region. The occurrence of EHE in the orbital region and/or the eyelid is extremely rare. The authors report a case of EHE in the right upper eyelid...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028127/pure-mucinous-colloid-adenocarcinoma-of-the-conjunctiva
#19
Valentina Logunova, Olayemi Sokumbi
Mucinous carcinomas of the periorbital area are very rare malignant tumors and can be primary or secondary to metastasis. Primary mucinous carcinomas of the eyelid include, most commonly, primary cutaneous mucinous carcinoma with endocrine mucin-producing sweat gland carcinoma being a remote second.[1,2,3,4] To our knowledge, primary mucinous carcinomas of conjunctiva or lacrimal gland elements have not been described in the literature.[5,6] Metastatic carcinoma from visceral sites should also be considered in the differential diagnosis...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022959/alveolar-soft-part-sarcoma-of-the-orbit-a-case-report-of-a-rare-tumor
#20
Ángel Nava-Castañeda, José Luis Tovilla-Canales, Francisca Zuazo, Lourdes Rodríguez-Cabrera, Lilia Garnica-Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Alveolar Soft Part Sarcoma is a rare malignant tumor of uncertain histogenesis, representing 0.5-1% of all soft tissue tumors. It occurs predominantly in head and neck regions, especially the orbit and the tongue, in infants, causing no specific symptoms for an extended period of time. CASE: A four year old girl was brought to consultation because of persistent swelling of her left upper and lower eyelid for the past six months. A 4 mm proptosis was noted on her left eye with significant upwards displacement of the globe...
January 2017: Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology
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