keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

aging productivity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922692/phosphodiesterase-4-inhibitors-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#1
REVIEW
Jimmy Chong, Bonnie Leung, Phillippa Poole
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with cough, sputum production or dyspnoea and a reduction in lung function, quality of life and life expectancy. Apart from smoking cessation, there are no other treatments that slow lung function decline. Roflumilast and cilomilast are oral phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitors proposed to reduce the airway inflammation and bronchoconstriction seen in COPD. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2011 and updated in 2013...
September 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922621/a-21-winter-seasons-retrospective-study-of-antibody-response-after-influenza-vaccination-in-elderly-60-85%C3%A2-years-old-and-very-elderly-85%C3%A2-years-old-institutionalized-subjects
#2
Emilia Nunzi, Anna Maria Iorio, Barbara Camilloni
Influenza vaccination is considered the best mean for preventing the higher rates of mortality associated with influenza virus infection in the elderly as compared with younger people. Since the number of very elderly subjects, aged >85 years, is rapidly increasing, and some authors reported increments in influenza-associated mortality with age, the aim of this study was to increase the limited information available on the immunogenicity of the influenza vaccines in this age group. This was a retrospective study which analyzed the antibody response induced by commercially available trivalent inactivated influenza vaccines in 1491 elderly subjects (60-85 years old) and 1139 very elderly subjects (>85 years old) during 21 winter seasons included between 1993-1994 and 2014-2015...
September 18, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922570/catalyst-stability-benchmarking-for-the-oxygen-evolution-reaction-the-importance-of-backing-electrode-material-and-dissolution-in-accelerated-aging-studies
#3
Simon Geiger, Olga Kasian, Andrea M Mingers, Shannon S Nicley, Ken Haenen, Karl J J Mayrhofer, Serhiy Cherevko
In searching for alternative oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalysts for acidic water splitting, fast screening of materials intrinsic activity and stability in half-cell tests is of vital importance. It significantly accelerates the discovery of new promising materials without the need of time-consuming real cell analysis. In commonly employed tests, a conclusion on the catalyst stability is drawn solely on the basis of pure electrochemical information, e.g. by evaluating potential vs. time profiles. In this work we demonstrate important limitations of such approaches, which are related to the degradation of the backing electrode material...
September 18, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922371/the-association-between-cigarette-smoking-and-inflammation-the-genetic-epidemiology-network-of-arteriopathy-genoa-study
#4
Martin Tibuakuu, Daisuke Kamimura, Sina Kianoush, Andrew P DeFilippis, Mahmoud Al Rifai, Lindsay M Reynolds, Wendy B White, Kenneth R Butler, Thomas H Mosley, Stephen T Turner, Iftikhar J Kullo, Michael E Hall, Michael J Blaha
To inform the study and regulation of emerging tobacco products, we sought to identify sensitive biomarkers of tobacco-induced subclinical cardiovascular damage by testing the cross-sectional associations of smoking with 17 biomarkers of inflammation in 2,702 GENOA study participants belonging to sibships ascertained on the basis of hypertension. Cigarette smoking was assessed by status, intensity (number of cigarettes per day), burden (pack-years of smoking), and time since quitting. We modeled biomarkers as geometric mean (GM) ratios using generalized estimating equations (GEE)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922262/sugar-in-infants-children-and-adolescents-a-position-paper-of-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-committee-on-nutrition
#5
Nataša Fidler Mis, Christian Braegger, Jiri Bronsky, Cristina Campoy, Magnus Domellöf, Nicholas D Embleton, Iva Hojsak, Jessie Hulst, Flavia Indrio, Alexandre Lapillonne, Walter Mihatsch, Christian Molgaard, Rakesh Vora, Mary Fewtrell
The consumption of sugars, particularly sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs; beverages or drinks that contain added caloric sweeteners (i.e. sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup, fruit-juice concentrates), in European children and adolescents exceeds current recommendations. This is of concern because there is no nutritional requirement for free sugars, and infants have an innate preference for sweet taste, which may be modified and reinforced by pre- and postnatal exposures. Sugar containing beverages/free sugars increase the risk for overweight/obesity and dental caries, can result in poor nutrient supply and reduced dietary diversity and may be associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular risk, and other health effects...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922233/endoscopic-versus-open-repair-for-craniosynostosis-in-infants-using-propensity-score-matching-to-compare-outcomes-a-multicenter-study-from-the-pediatric-craniofacial-collaborative-group
#6
Douglas R Thompson, David Zurakowski, Charles M Haberkern, Paul A Stricker, Petra M Meier
BACKGROUND: The North American Pediatric Craniofacial Collaborative Group (PCCG) established the Pediatric Craniofacial Surgery Perioperative Registry to evaluate outcomes in infants and children undergoing craniosynostosis repair. The goal of this multicenter study was to utilize this registry to assess differences in blood utilization, intensive care unit (ICU) utilization, duration of hospitalization, and perioperative complications between endoscopic-assisted (ESC) and open repair in infants with craniosynostosis...
September 14, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922227/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-coagulation-profile-derangement-after-liver-surgery-implications-for-the-use-of-epidural-analgesia-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Pierre Jacquenod, Grégoire Wallon, Mathieu Gazon, Benjamin Darnis, Pierre Pradat, Victor Virlogeux, Olivier Farges, Frédéric Aubrun
BACKGROUND: Hepatic surgery is a major abdominal surgery. Epidural analgesia may decrease the incidence of postoperative morbidities. Hemostatic disorders frequently occur after hepatic resection. Insertion or withdrawal (whether accidental or not) of an epidural catheter during coagulopathic state may cause an epidural hematoma. The aim of the study is to determine the incidence of coagulopathy after hepatectomy, interfering with epidural catheter removal, and to identify the risk factors related to coagulopathy...
September 14, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922211/acute-effects-of-ammonia-inhalants-on-strength-and-power-performance-in-trained-men
#8
Sandro Bartolomei, Federico Nigro, Gubellini Luca, Semprini Gabriele, Simone Ciacci, Jay R Hoffman, Franco Merni
The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of ammonia inhalants on lower body power and maximal isometric strength in trained men. Twenty experienced resistance trained men (age = 26.7 ± 3.7 y; body weight = 80.59 ± 9.0 kg; body height = 179.5 ± 5.7 cm) were tested for counter movement jump power (CMJP), maximal force and rate of force development (pRFD20) expressed during an isometric mid-thigh pull (IMTP). Assessments were performed using either an ammonia salt inhalants (AI), a placebo (PL) or no inhalants (N)...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922040/professional-generational-and-gender-differences-in-perception-of-organisational-values-among-israeli-physicians-and-nurses-implications-for-retention
#9
Sigalit Warshawski, Sivia Barnoy, Ilya Kagan
The global health workforce today is more age diverse than ever before and spans three generations: baby boomers, X and Y generations. Each generation has a distinct set of characteristics, values, and beliefs. This diversity can lead to increased creativity and a greater richness of values and skills, but at the same time it can also lead to value clashes, disrespect, and conflicts. This study aimed to examine professional, generational, and gender differences in the perception of the importance of organisational values among nurses and physicians working in both hospitals and outpatient clinics in Israel...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922028/analysis-of-aflatoxin-m1-in-breast-milk-and-its-association-with-nutritional-and-socioeconomic-status-of-lactating-mothers-in-lebanon
#10
Jomana Elaridi, Maya Bassil, Joelle Abi Kharma, Farah Daou, Hussein F Hassan
Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is the most potent of the dietary aflatoxins, and its major metabolite, aflatoxin M1 (AFM1), is frequently found in the breast milk of lactating mothers. The aim of this study was to assess the occurrence and factors associated with AFM1 contamination of breast milk collected from lactating mothers in Lebanon. A total of 111 breast milk samples were collected according to the guidelines set by the World Health Organization. Samples were analyzed with a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay between December 2015 and November 2016...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921801/complications-symptoms-quality-of-life-and-pregnancy-in-cholestatic-liver-disease
#11
Kais Zakharia, Anilga Tabibian, Keith D Lindor, James H Tabibian
Cholestatic liver diseases (CLDs) encompass a variety of disorders of bile formation and/or flow which generally result in progressive hepatobiliary injury and ultimately end-stage liver disease. Many patients with CLD are diagnosed between the ages of 20-50 years, a particularly productive period of life professionally, biologically, and in other respects; it is not surprising, thus, that CLD is often associated with impaired health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and uncertainty regarding implications for and outcomes of pregnancy...
September 18, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921674/decline-in-effort-capacity-with-age-echocardiographic-stress-analysis-in-the-elderly
#12
Anat Milman, Gad Keren, Yan Topilsky
BACKGROUND: The present study was designed to assess the underlying mechanism of decline in effort capacity seen with aging. METHODS: We analyzed 250 healthy senior patients (≥65 years) with an ejection fraction ≥60% who underwent a stress echocardiogram test. The seniors (aged 65-94) were divided into 3 equal age groups (groups 1, 2, and 3), and their echo characteristics at rest and peak exercise (measured and calculated) were compared. RESULTS: Diastolic function at rest declined significantly (E lateral, E septal, E/E', A) with age, while other rest parameters were similar...
September 17, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921009/radiation-overexposure-from-repeated-ct-scans-in-young-adults-with-acute-abdominal-pain
#13
Massimo Tonolini, Elena Valconi, Angelo Vanzulli, Roberto Bianco
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess the dose of ionizing radiation caused by repeated CT scans performed to investigate non-traumatic acute abdominal conditions in young adults. METHODS: Over 26 months, we collected a cohort of patients aged 18 to 45 years who were subject to at least one urgent contrast-enhanced abdomen/pelvis CT. Patients affected with urolithiasis, HIV infection, tumors, and vascular and chronic inflammatory bowel diseases were excluded...
September 18, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920808/characterizing-the-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-status-of-two-populations-of-free-ranging-eastern-box-turtles-terrapene-carolina-carolina
#14
Megan K Watson, John Byrd, Christopher A Phillips, Matthew C Allender
Ultraviolet B radiation is recommended for captive reptiles to stimulate production of adequate levels of vitamin D; however, little is known regarding the vitamin D status in many free-ranging populations. Current reference ranges for vitamin D in eastern box turtles have not yet been established. Sixty free-ranging eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina) from two well-studied populations in Illinois (n = 24) and Tennessee (n = 36) were assayed for plasma vitamin D concentration in 2014. There were no significant differences in concentrations between individuals in Illinois (mean: 117...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920405/effects-of-processing-particle-size-and-moisturizing-of-sorghum-based-feeds-on-pellet-quality-and-broiler-production
#15
Patrícia Garcia Silva, Fabiana Ramos Santos, Luana Martins Schaly Oliveira, Nayanne Rodrigues Oliveira, Fábio Ataides Moura Júnior, Maura Regina Sousa Silva, Deibity Alves Cordeiro, Cibele Silva Minafra
Objective: This study aimed to assess the effect of pelleted and expanded sorghum-based feeds prepared with different moisture levels and particle size of ingredients on metabolizable energy, ileal digestibility of amino acids and broiler performance. Methods: The experiment was performed with 720 male broiler chicks of the Cobb strain, with treatments of six replications, with 15 birds each; they were arranged in a completely randomized design and 2 × 2 × 2 factorial scheme (pelleted or expanded feed processing, 0...
September 18, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919681/seroprevalence-of-bovine-viral-diarrhea-virus-in-crossbred-dairy-cattle-in-bangladesh
#16
Mohammed Arif Uddin, A S M Lutful Ahasan, Kamrul Islam, Md Zohorul Islam, Altaf Mahmood, Ariful Islam, Kazi Muhammad Fakhrul Islam, Abdul Ahad
AIM: The study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) and hematological features in crossbred dairy cattle in Chittagong, Bangladesh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The antibody against BVDV in crossbred dairy cattle serum was detected by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The association of different categorical variables in the prevalence of BVDV has been studied. Blood samples were collected and analyzed to know the hematological variations in the study population...
August 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919305/magnolol-protects-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cells-against-methylglyoxal-induced-cellular-dysfunction
#17
Kwang Sik Suh, Suk Chon, Woon-Won Jung, Eun Mi Choi
Chronic hyperglycemia aggravates insulin resistance, in part due to increased formation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs). Methylglyoxal (MG), a major precursor of AGEs, accumulates abnormally in various tissues and organs and participates in oxidative damage. We investigated the insulinotropic benefits of magnolol, a hydroxylated biphenyl compound isolated from Magnolia officinalis, in pancreatic β-cells exposed to MG in vitro. When exposed to cytotoxic levels of MG for 48 h, RIN-m5F β-cells exhibited a significant loss of viability and impaired insulin secretion, whereas pretreatment with magnolol protected against MG-induced cell death and decreased insulin secretion...
September 15, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919118/global-regional-and-national-disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-for-333-diseases-and-injuries-and-healthy-life-expectancy-hale-for-195-countries-and-territories-1990-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#18
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Measurement of changes in health across locations is useful to compare and contrast changing epidemiological patterns against health system performance and identify specific needs for resource allocation in research, policy development, and programme decision making. Using the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016, we drew from two widely used summary measures to monitor such changes in population health: disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy life expectancy (HALE)...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919117/global-regional-and-national-incidence-prevalence-and-years-lived-with-disability-for-328-diseases-and-injuries-for-195-countries-1990-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#19
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: As mortality rates decline, life expectancy increases, and populations age, non-fatal outcomes of diseases and injuries are becoming a larger component of the global burden of disease. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of prevalence, incidence, and years lived with disability (YLDs) for 328 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2016. METHODS: We estimated prevalence and incidence for 328 diseases and injuries and 2982 sequelae, their non-fatal consequences...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919107/combination-of-a%C3%AE-suppression-and-innate-immune-activation-in-the-brain-significantly-attenuates-amyloid-plaque-deposition
#20
Christophe Verbeeck, Anna Carrano, Paramita Chakrabarty, Joanna L Jankowsky, Pritam Das
Anti-Aβ clinical trials are currently underway to determine whether preventing amyloid deposition will be beneficial in arresting progression of Alzheimer disease. Both clinical and pre-clinical studies suggest that anti-amyloid strategies are only effective if started at very early stages of the disease process in a primary prevention strategy. Because this approach will be difficult to deploy, strategies for secondary prevention aimed at later stages of disease are also needed. In this study, we asked whether combining innate immune activation in the brain with concurrent Aβ suppression could enhance plaque clearance and improve pathological outcomes in mice with moderate amyloid pathology...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
keyword
keyword
99819
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"