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Epigenetics polyphenols

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716408/-health-effects-of-sour-cherries-with-unique-polyphenolic-composition-in-their-fruits
#1
Attila Hegedűs, Nóra Papp, Anna Blázovics, Éva Stefanovitsné Bányai
Health effects of fruit consumption are confirmed by many studies. Such effects are attributed to the polyphenolic compounds accumulating in fruit skin and mesocarp tissues. They contribute to the regulation on transcriptional, post-transcriptional and epigenetic levels. Since people consume much less fruits than the recommended quantities, a new approach includes the promotion of super fruits that are extremely rich sources of specific health compounds. A comparative analysis of Hungarian stone fruit cultivars detected a huge variability in fruit in vitro antioxidant capacity and total polyphenolic content...
May 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713632/antimetabolic-effects-of-polyphenols-in-breast-cancer-cells-focus-on-glucose-uptake-and-metabolism
#2
REVIEW
Elisa Keating, Fátima Martel
In the last years, metabolic reprogramming became a new key hallmark of tumor cells. One of its components is a deviant energetic metabolism, known as Warburg effect-an aerobic lactatogenesis- characterized by elevated rates of glucose uptake and consumption with high-lactate production even in the presence of oxygen. Because many cancer cells display a greater sensitivity to glucose deprivation-induced cytotoxicity than normal cells, inhibitors of glucose cellular uptake (facilitative glucose transporter 1 inhibitors) and oxidative metabolism (glycolysis inhibitors) are potential therapeutic targets in cancer treatment...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597027/natural-products-with-anti-aging-potential-affected-targets-and-molecular-mechanisms
#3
REVIEW
Cristina-Sorina Cătană, Nikolay Mehterov, Atanas G Atanasov, Ioana Berindan-Neagoe
In recent years, there has been a great deal of attention toward the molecular machinery relevant to age-related progression controlled through the external intervention of polyphenols- an epigenetic-modulating diet. Natural products modulate cellular longevity through histone post-translational modification and can also induce the upregulation of autophagy, thus reducing the level of acetyl coenzyme A (AcCoA). In addition, the effect of caloric restriction (CR) on cancer-related chronic inflammation is of great significance in aging...
March 26, 2018: Biotechnology Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587355/rationale-for-dietary-antioxidant-treatment-of-adhd
#4
REVIEW
Annelies A J Verlaet, Carlijn M Maasakkers, Nina Hermans, Huub F J Savelkoul
Increasing understanding arises regarding disadvantages of stimulant medication in children with ADHD (Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). This review presents scientific findings supporting dietary antioxidant treatment of ADHD and describes substantial alterations in the immune system, epigenetic regulation of gene expression, and oxidative stress regulation in ADHD. As a result, chronic inflammation and oxidative stress could develop, which can lead to ADHD symptoms, for example by chronic T-cell-mediated neuroinflammation, as well as by neuronal oxidative damage and loss of normal cerebral functions...
March 24, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525533/maternal-green-tea-polyphenol-intake-during-lactation-attenuates-kidney-injury-in-high-fat-diet-fed-male-offspring-programmed-by-maternal-protein-restriction-in-rats
#5
Saori Kataoka, Toshio Norikura, Shin Sato
Maternal malnutrition is known to increase the risk of obesity in offspring. We investigated whether green tea extract (GTE) intake during lactation affects obesity-related fibrosis and inflammation in the kidney of high-fat-diet-fed adult offspring of protein-restricted-diet-fed dams during pregnancy and lactation. Pregnant Wistar rats received diets containing 20% (normal-protein, NP) or 8% (low-protein, LP) casein, and they received 0%-, 0.12%- or 0.24%-GTE-containing LP diets (LP/LP, LP/LGT and LP/HGT, respectively) during lactation...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473292/polyphenolic-compounds-alter-stress-induced-patterns-of-global-dna-methylation-in-brain-and-blood
#6
Jennifer Blaze, Jun Wang, Lap Ho, Natalia Mendelev, Fatemeh Haghighi, Giulio Maria Pasinetti
SCOPE: Stress is a known contributor to various forms of disease in humans and animals, although mechanisms are still unknown. In animals, psychosocial stress-induced depression/anxiety phenotypes are coincidental with increased inflammation in both brain and blood. The authors recently showed that a novel treatment with a select bioactive polyphenol preparation promotes resilience to stress-mediated depression/anxiety phenotypes mice. Moreover, selective bioactive phenolic compounds within the polyphenol preparation are identified that are effective in mitigating the behavioral effects of bone marrow transplantation from stressed mice...
April 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456384/tea-polyphenols-and-prevention-of-epigenetic-aberrations-in-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Arundhati Bag, Niladri Bag
Tea polyphenols are secondary metabolites of tea plants and are well known for beneficial health effects. They can protect from a variety of illnesses including cancers. Tea polyphenols can prevent cancer by modulating epigenetic aberrations taking place in DNA methylation, histone modifications, and micro-RNAs. By altering these epimutations, they regulate chromatin dynamics and expression of genes those induce or suppress cancer formation. However, majority of the studies in existing literature are carried out for green tea polyphenols rather than black tea polyphenols despite the fact that black tea is the most commonly consumed form of tea (78%) followed by green tea (20%) and other forms of tea...
January 2018: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258915/cinnamon-a-promising-prospect-towards-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
REVIEW
Saeideh Momtaz, Shokoufeh Hassani, Fazlullah Khan, Mojtaba Ziaee, Mohammad Abdollahi
Over the last decades, an exponential increase of efforts concerning the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been practiced. Phytochemicals preparations have a millenary background to combat various pathological conditions. Various cinnamon species and their biologically active ingredients have renewed the interest towards the treatment of patients with mild-to-moderate AD through the inhibition of tau protein aggregation and prevention of the formation and accumulation of amyloid-β peptides into the neurotoxic oligomeric inclusions, both of which are considered to be the AD trademarks...
December 16, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044724/tea-polyphenols-for-the-prevention-of-uvb-induced-skin-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Pooja Sharma, Mary K Montes de Oca, Amena R Alkeswani, Sarah F McClees, Tanushree Das, Craig A Elmets, Farrukh Afaq
Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer with increasing incidence rate and public health burden. Solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation causes an array of damaging cellular and molecular events that eventually lead to the development of skin cancer. Despite increased awareness about sun protection, the exposure rate remains high with less than 15% of men and 30% of women using sunscreen on a regular basis. Therefore, there is an imperative need for the development of novel preventive approaches. Skin cancer chemoprevention using phytochemicals either as dietary supplements or by topical applications has gained considerable attention due to their low toxicity, availability, and anticarcinogenic properties...
January 2018: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043603/epigenetic-modifications-of-gene-expression-by-lifestyle-and-environment
#10
REVIEW
Qudeer Ahmed Abdul, Byung Pal Yu, Hae Young Chung, Hyun Ah Jung, Jae Sue Choi
Epigenetics oftenly described as the heritable changes in gene expression independent of changes in DNA sequence. Various environmental factors such as nutrition-dietary components, lifestyle, exercise, physical activity, toxins, and other contributing factors remodel the genome either in a constructive or detrimental way. Since epigenetic changes are reversible and nutrition is one of the many epigenetic regulators that modify gene expression without changing the DNA sequence, dietary nutrients and bioactive food components contribute to epigenetic phenomena either by directly suppressing DNA methylation or histone catalyzing enzymes or by changing the availability of substrates required for enzymatic reactions...
November 2017: Archives of Pharmacal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040973/sulforaphane-and-epigallocatechin-gallate-restore-estrogen-receptor-expression-by-modulating-epigenetic-events-in-the-breast-cancer-cell-line-mda-mb-231-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Vincenza Gianfredi, Samuele Vannini, Massimo Moretti, Milena Villarini, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Alberto Izzotti, Daniele Nucci
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Epigenetics refers to modifications in gene activity and expression without alteration at the DNA sequence. Environment and diet could influence gene expression. Diet modifications may be meaningful in preventing and treating chronic diseases, cancer included. Dietary bioactive compounds, such as polyphenols (e.g., curcumin, resveratrol, or epigallocatechin gallate [EGCG]) or isothiocyanate (e.g., sulforaphane [SFN]), can regulate histone acetylation. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effect of SFN and EGCG on breast cancer (BC) cells cultured in vitro...
2017: Journal of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039788/impact-of-natural-compounds-on-dna-methylation-levels-of-the-tumor-suppressor-gene-rassf1a-in-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Reinhard H Dammann, Antje M Richter, Adriana P Jiménez, Michelle Woods, Miriam Küster, Chamindri Witharana
Epigenetic inactivation of tumor suppressor genes (TSG) is a fundamental event in the pathogenesis of human cancer. This silencing is accomplished by aberrant chromatin modifications including DNA hypermethylation of the gene promoter. One of the most frequently hypermethylated TSG in human cancer is the Ras Association Domain Family 1A ( RASSF1A ) gene. Aberrant methylation of RASSF1A has been reported in melanoma, sarcoma and carcinoma of different tissues. RASSF1A hypermethylation has been correlated with tumor progression and poor prognosis...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018782/comparison-of-blueberry-vaccinium-spp-and-vitamin-c-via-antioxidative-and-epigenetic-effects-in-human
#13
Minju Kim, Hyunkyung Na, Hiroshi Kasai, Kazuaki Kawai, Yun-Shan Li, Mihi Yang
BACKGROUND: Chemopreventive effects and the underlying mechanisms of blueberry ( Vaccinium spp.) are not clearly understood in human. We hypothesized blueberry would work via antioxidative and epigenetic modulation, which is similar to vitamin C. METHODS: We performed a pilot and non-inferiority study in healthy young women (n = 12), who consumed vitamin C (1 g/d) or 240 mL of blueberry juice (total polyphenols 300 mg and proanthocyanidin 76 mg/d) for 2 weeks. We analyzed 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in their urine, and global and specific DNA methylation at the NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase 1 ( NQO1 ), methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase ( MTHFR ), or DNA methyltransferase 1 ( DNMT1 ) genes in their blood...
September 2017: Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935149/molecular-aspects-of-cancer-chemopreventive-and-therapeutic-efficacies-of-tea-and-tea-polyphenols
#14
REVIEW
Subhayan Sur, Chinmay Kumar Panda
The natural dietary product tea (Camellia sinensis) and its bioactive polyphenols such as epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and theaflavin (TF) demonstrated potential anticancer effects in different preclinical and clinical studies. The aim of the present review was to understand the molecular mechanisms of the tea and tea polyphenol-mediated cancer prevention and therapy. In the setting of in vivo cancer prevention studies, administration of the tea and tea polyphenols at preinitiation stages only showed partial prevention, whereas continuous administration showed potential effect in restriction of carcinogenesis in the body's multiple organs at early premalignant stages throughout the experiment...
November 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925878/genistein-induces-alterations-of-epigenetic-modulatory-signatures-in-human-cervical-cancer-cells
#15
Madhumitha Kedhari Sundaram, Mohammad Zeeshan Ansari, Abdullah Al Mutery, Maryam Ashraf, Reem Nasab, Sheethal Rai, Naushad Rais, Arif Hussain
Introduction Epidemiological studies indicate that diet rich in fruits and vegetables are associated with decreased cancer risk thereby indicating that dietary polyphenols can be potential chemo-preventive agents. The reversible nature of epigenetic modifications makes them a favorable target for cancer prevention. Polyphenols have been shown to reverse aberrant epigenetic patterns by targeting the regulatory enzymes, DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs). In vitro and in silico studies of DNMTs and HDACs were planned to examine genistein's role as a natural epigenetic modifier in human cervical cancer cells, HeLa...
September 18, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911547/multifunctions-of-dietary-polyphenols-in-the-regulation-of-intestinal-inflammation
#16
REVIEW
Makoto Shimizu
Food for specified health use is a type of functional food approved by the Japanese government, with more than 1250 products in 10 health-claim categories being approved as of April 2016. Polyphenols are currently used as functional ingredients in seven of the 10 categories. Although they have not yet been used for the food-for-specified-health-use category of "gut health promotion," polyphenols are expected to contribute to the future development of gut-modulating food. Intestinal functions include digestion/absorption, acting as a barrier, recognition of external factors, and signal transduction...
January 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839265/combinatorial-bioactive-botanicals-re-sensitize-tamoxifen-treatment-in-er-negative-breast-cancer-via-epigenetic-reactivation-of-er%C3%AE-expression
#17
Yuanyuan Li, Syed M Meeran, Trygve O Tollefsbol
Conventional cancer prevention has primarily focused on single chemopreventive compounds that may not be sufficiently efficacious. We sought to investigate potential combinatorial effects of epigenetic bioactive botanicals including epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) in green tea polyphenols (GTPs) and sulforaphane (SFN) in broccoli sprouts (BSp) on neutralizing epigenetic aberrations in estrogen receptor-α (ERα) leading to enhanced anti-hormone therapeutic efficacy in ERα-negative breast cancer. Our results showed that this combinatorial treatment re-sensitized ERα-dependent cellular inhibitory responses to an estrogen antagonist, tamoxifen (TAM), via at least in part, epigenetic reactivation of ERα expression in ERα-negative breast cancer cells...
August 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825642/multi-targeted-molecular-effects-of-hibiscus-sabdariffa-polyphenols-an-opportunity-for-a-global-approach-to-obesity
#18
REVIEW
María Herranz-López, Mariló Olivares-Vicente, José Antonio Encinar, Enrique Barrajón-Catalán, Antonio Segura-Carretero, Jorge Joven, Vicente Micol
Improper diet can alter gene expression by breaking the energy balance equation and changing metabolic and oxidative stress biomarkers, which can result in the development of obesity-related metabolic disorders. The pleiotropic effects of dietary plant polyphenols are capable of counteracting by modulating different key molecular targets at the cell, as well as through epigenetic modifications. Hibiscus sabdariffa (HS)-derived polyphenols are known to ameliorate various obesity-related conditions. Recent evidence leads to propose the complex nature of the underlying mechanism of action...
August 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738770/effects-of-resveratrol-and-other-polyphenols-on-the-most-common-brain-age-related-diseases
#19
REVIEW
Fiorella Sarubbo, David Moranta, Victor J Asensio, Antonio Miralles, Susana Esteban
BACKGROUND: With global increase in elderly population, modern societies must find strategies to reduce the consequences of aging process; thereby decreasing the incidence of age-related neurodegenerative diseases. Oxidative stress and recently inflammation, have been pointed out as the leading causes of brain aging. Thereby, the consumption or administration of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory molecules, such as polyphenols, is a beneficial strategy recommended for preventing brain aging and several brain age-related diseases...
2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662290/resveratrol-and-pterostilbene-as-a-microrna-mediated-chemopreventive-and-therapeutic-strategy-in-prostate-cancer
#20
REVIEW
Avinash Kumar, Agnes M Rimando, Anait S Levenson
Growing evidence indicates that deregulation of the epigenetic machinery comprising the microRNA (miRNA) network is a critical factor in the progression of various diseases, including cancer. Concurrently, dietary phytochemicals are being intensively studied for their miRNA-mediated health-beneficial properties, such as anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective, antioxidative, and anticancer properties. Available experimental data have suggested that dietary polyphenols may be effective miRNA-modulating chemopreventive and therapeutic agents...
September 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
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