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Pain treatment back pain guidelines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758581/-managment-of-acute-low-back-pain-without-trauma-an-algorithm
#1
Carolin Melcher, Bernd Wegener, Volkmar Jansson, Wolf Mutschler, Karl-Georg Kanz, Christof Birkenmaier
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is a common problem for primary care providers, outpatient clinics and A&E departments. The predominant symptoms are those of so-called "unspecific back pain", but serious pathologies can be concealed by the clinical signs. Especially less experienced colleagues have problems in treating these patients, as - despite the multitude of recommendations and guidelines - there is no generally accepted algorithm. METHODS: After a literature search (Medline/Cochrane), 158 articles were selected from 15,000 papers and classified according to their level of evidence...
May 14, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755242/spinal-schistosomiasis-cases-in-egyptian-population
#2
Ahmed M Ashour, Tarek H Elserry, Mohamed S Nosser, Zeyad Y Fayed, Mohamed Wael Samir, Alaa Fakher, Maamoun M Ashour, Mamdouh M Salama
Background: Spinal cord involvement by schistosomiasis is considered to be rare. Clinical presentation of spinal schistosomiasis ranges from radicular pain to myelopathy causing flaccid paraplegia, bladder incontinence, and dysesthesia. We reported six cases with spinal schistosomiasis. Methodology: We did a retrospective analysis of the records in our department from March 1995 to March 2015, and we found that six cases of proved spinal schistosomiasis were documented, with follow-up period more than a year, aiming to find an assumption for a guideline for this ambiguous issue...
January 2018: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754321/chronic-low-back-pain-a-mini-review-on-pharmacological-management-and-pathophysiological-insights-from-clinical-and-pre-clinical-data
#3
REVIEW
Thomas S W Park, Andy Kuo, Maree T Smith
Globally, low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common health problems affecting humans. The lifetime prevalence of non-specific LBP is approximately 84%, with the chronic prevalence at about 23%. Chronic LBP in humans is defined as LBP that persists for more than 12 weeks without a significant pain improvement. Although there are numerous evidence-based guidelines on the management of acute LBP, this is not the case for chronic LBP, which is regarded as particularly difficult to treat. Research aimed at discovering new drug treatments for alleviation of chronic mechanical LBP is lacking due to the paucity of knowledge on the pathobiology of this condition, despite its high morbidity in the affected adult population...
May 12, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745269/biophysical-and-photobiological-basics-of-water-filtered-infrared-a-hyperthermia-of-superficial-tumors
#4
Peter Vaupel, Helmut Piazena, Werner Müller, Markus Notter
Thermography-controlled, water-filtered infrared-A (wIRA) is a novel, effective and approved heating technique listed in the ESHO quality assurance guidelines for superficial hyperthermia clinical trials (2017). In order to assess the special features and the potential of wIRA-hyperthermia (wIRA-HT), detailed and updated information about its physical and photobiological background is presented. wIRA allows for (a) application of high irradiances without skin pain and acute grade 2-4 skin toxicities, (b) prolonged, therapeutically relevant exposure times using high irradiances (150-200 mW/cm2 ) and (c) faster and deeper heat extension within tissues...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742789/-case-report-opioid-therapy-for-chronic-low-back-pain
#5
Alexander Schnabel, Roland Haaga, Heike L Rittner
Within this case report we describe and discuss the treatment of a patient with chronic low back pain complaining about severe pain, reduced functionality and symptoms of depression, who was treated with long-term opioids (480 mg morphine equivalents). According to the recommendation of current guidelines we successfully reduced the opioid daily dose and discharged the patient with 28 mg morphine equivalents, improved physical functionality and reduced chronic pain intensity following a specific interdisciplinary pain rehabilitation programme for seniors...
April 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736619/-the-german-version-of-the-bath-body-perception-disturbance-scale-bbpds-d-translation-cultural-adaptation-and-linguistic-validation-on-patients-with-complex-regional-pain-syndrome
#6
M Tschopp, J Swanenburg, M W Wertli, A Langenfeld, C S McCabe, J Lewis, E Baertschi, F Brunner
BACKGROUND: Besides the classical clinical manifestations, body perception disturbances are common among patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). The Bath Body Perception Disturbance Scale (BBPDS) represents a useful tool to assess these changes in CRPS patients; however, to date no validated German version is available. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate the BBPDS into German, to perform a cross-cultural adaptation and linguistic validation in patients with acute (symptoms <3 months) and stable (symptoms ≥3 months) CRPS...
May 7, 2018: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712548/optimizing-recovery-after-achilles-tendon-pain-guidelines-help-deliver-quality-care
#7
(no author information available yet)
Achilles tendinopathy can temporarily stop many active people, and particularly those who participate in sports. Pain in the Achilles tendon often occurs in the middle of this fibrous tissue that connects the muscles at the back of the lower leg to the heel bone. Physical therapists can help ensure that patients with Achilles tendinopathy receive the best quality care to optimize their recovery. Guidelines published in the May 2018 issue of JOSPT recommend best practices from the published literature for evaluating, diagnosing, and treating Achilles tendon pain...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707057/-propionibacterium-acnes-infections-in-patients-with-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-case-control-study-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
I Swarup, J Gruskay, M Price, J Yang, J Blanco, S Perlman, R Widmann
Purpose: Surgical site infection (SSI) caused by Propionibacterium acnes is an infrequent but devastating complication after spinal fusion. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for SSI with Propionibacterium acnes after spinal fusion for juvenile and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (JIS and AIS). Methods: A case-control study was performed. Each case was matched 2:1 for age, gender and diagnosis. Retrospective chart review was performed to obtain relevant demographic, surgical and clinical data for all cases and controls...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657470/influence-of-timing-of-surgery-on-cauda-equina-syndrome-outcomes-at-a-national-spinal-centre
#9
Gavin Heyes, Morgan Jones, Eugene Verzin, Greg McLorinan, Nagy Darwish, Niall Eames
Purpose: There is no doubt that the best outcome achieved in Cauda equina syndrome (CES) involves surgical decompression. The controversy regarding outcome lies with timing of surgery. This study reports outcomes on a large population based series. Timing of surgery, Cauda Equina syndrome classification based on British Association of Spine Surgeons (BASS) guidelines and co-morbid illness will be assessed to evaluate influence on outcome. Materials and methods: A retrospective review of all patients surgically decompressed for CES between 01/01/2008 to 01/08/2014 was conducted...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614943/primary-care-management-of-non-specific-low-back-pain-key-messages-from-recent-clinical-guidelines
#10
Matheus Almeida, Bruno Saragiotto, Bethan Richards, Chris G Maher
Research in the past decade supports some major changes to the primary care management of non-specific low back pain (LBP). The present article summarises recommendations from recently published United Kingdom, Danish, Belgian and United States guidelines to alert readers to the important changes in recommendations for management, and the recommendations from previous guidelines that remain unchanged. Main recommendations: Use a clinical assessment to triage patients with LBP. Further diagnostic workup is only required for the small number of patients with suspected serious pathology...
April 2, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606335/spinal-manipulative-therapy-and-other-conservative-treatments-for-low-back-pain-a-guideline-from-the-canadian-chiropractic-guideline-initiative
#11
André E Bussières, Gregory Stewart, Fadi Al-Zoubi, Philip Decina, Martin Descarreaux, Danielle Haskett, Cesar Hincapié, Isabelle Pagé, Steven Passmore, John Srbely, Maja Stupar, Joel Weisberg, Joseph Ornelas
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a clinical practice guideline on the management of acute and chronic low back pain (LBP) in adults. The aim was to develop a guideline to provide best practice recommendations on the initial assessment and monitoring of people with low back pain and address the use of spinal manipulation therapy (SMT) compared with other commonly used conservative treatments. METHODS: The topic areas were chosen based on an Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality comparative effectiveness review, specific to spinal manipulation as a nonpharmacological intervention...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592802/physiotherapists-views-of-implementing-a-stratified-treatment-approach-for-patients-with-low-back-pain-in-germany-a-qualitative-study
#12
Sven Karstens, Pauline Kuithan, Stefanie Joos, Jonathan C Hill, Michel Wensing, Jost Steinhäuser, Katja Krug, Joachim Szecsenyi
BACKGROUND: The STarT-Back-Approach (STarT: Subgroups for Targeted Treatment) was developed in the UK and has demonstrated clinical and cost effectiveness. Based on the results of a brief questionnaire, patients with low back pain are stratified into three treatment groups. Since the organisation of physiotherapy differs between Germany and the UK, the aim of this study is to explore German physiotherapists' views and perceptions about implementing the STarT-Back-Approach. METHODS: Three two-hour think-tank workshops with physiotherapists were conducted...
March 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579232/guidelines-for-composing-and-assessing-a-paper-on-the-treatment-of-pain-a-practical-application-of-evidence-based-medicine-principles-to-the-mint-randomized-clinical-trials
#13
Zachary L McCormick, Yakov Vorobeychik, Jatinder S Gill, Ming-Chih J Kao, Belinda Duszynski, Matthew Smuck, Milan P Stojanovic
Objective: To perform a thorough assessment of the recently published Mint Trials in order to illustrate how to read and analyze a study critically, according to principles of evidence-based medicine. Design: Narrative review. Method: We have applied the recently published guidelines for composing and assessing studies on the treatment of pain to a recently published article describing a large study that claimed its "findings do not support the use of radiofrequency denervation to treat chronic low back pain...
March 20, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573872/prevention-and-treatment-of-low-back-pain-evidence-challenges-and-promising-directions
#14
REVIEW
Nadine E Foster, Johannes R Anema, Dan Cherkin, Roger Chou, Steven P Cohen, Douglas P Gross, Paulo H Ferreira, Julie M Fritz, Bart W Koes, Wilco Peul, Judith A Turner, Chris G Maher
Many clinical practice guidelines recommend similar approaches for the assessment and management of low back pain. Recommendations include use of a biopsychosocial framework to guide management with initial non-pharmacological treatment, including education that supports self-management and resumption of normal activities and exercise, and psychological programmes for those with persistent symptoms. Guidelines recommend prudent use of medication, imaging, and surgery. The recommendations are based on trials almost exclusively from high-income countries, focused mainly on treatments rather than on prevention, with limited data for cost-effectiveness...
March 20, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541445/outcomes-indicators-and-a-risk-classification-system-for-spinal-manipulation-under-anesthesia-a-narrative-review-and-proposal
#15
REVIEW
Dennis DiGiorgi, John L Cerf, Daniel S Bowerman
Over a period of decades chiropractors have utilized spinal manipulation under anesthesia (SMUA) to treat chronic back and neck pain. As an advanced form of manual therapy, SMUA is reserved for the patient whose condition has proven refractory to office-based manipulation and other modes of conservative care. Historically, the protocols and guidelines put forth by chiropractic MUA proponents have served as the clinical compass for directing MUA practice. With many authors and MUA advocates having focused primarily on anticipated benefit, the published literature contains no resource dedicated to treatment precautions and contraindications...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530557/-endometriosis-medical-treatment-hormonal-treatment-for-the-management-of-pain-and-endometriotic-lesions-recurrence-cngof-has-endometriosis-guidelines
#16
S Geoffron, J Cohen, M Sauvan, G Legendre, J M Wattier, E Daraï, H Fernandez, N Chabbert-Buffet
The available literature, from 2006 to 2017, on hormonal treatment has been analysed as a contribution to the HAS-CNGOF task force for the treatment of endometriosis. Available data are heterogeneous and the general level of evidence is moderate. Hormonal treatment is usually offered as the primary option to women suffering from endometriosis. It cannot be used in women willing to conceive. In women who have not been operated, the first line of hormonal treatment includes combined oral contraceptives (COC) and the levonorgestrel-releasing intra uterine system (52mg LNG-IUS)...
March 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519595/-management-of-painful-endometriosis-in-adolescents-cngof-has-endometriosis-guidelines
#17
M Sauvan, N Chabbert-Buffet, S Geoffron, G Legendre, J-M Wattier, H Fernandez
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the literature on the treatment of adolescent painful endometriosis. METHOD: This work is based on a Review of the literature between January 2006 and December 2017. The Medline (Pubmed) and Cochrane database were searched for meta-analyzes, randomized trials, literature reviews, controlled, not controlled and retrospective studies published on the subject. Studies concerning adolescent's dysmenorrhea without endometriosis were excluded. RESULTS: Study quality is heterogeneous...
March 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510966/-medical-treatment-for-the-management-of-painful-endometriosis-without-infertility-cngof-has-endometriosis-guidelines
#18
M Sauvan, N Chabbert-Buffet, M Canis, P Collinet, X Fritel, S Geoffron, G Legendre, J-M Wattier, H Fernandez
OBJECTIVE: To provide clinical practice guidelines for the management of painful endometriosis in women without infertility. METHODS: Systematic review of the literature literature since 2006, level of evidence rating, external proofreading and grading of the recommendation grade by an expert group according to HAS methodology. RESULTS: Combined hormonal contraceptives (COP) and the levonorgestrel-releasing intra-uterin system (LNG-IUS) are recommended as first-line hormonal therapies for the treatment of painful endometriosis (grade B)...
March 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503036/randomized-open-labbel-non-inferiority-trial-of-acetaminophen-or-loxoprofen-for-patients-with-acute-low-back-pain
#19
Kenji Miki, Tatsunori Ikemoto, Kazuhiro Hayashi, Young-Chang Arai, Miho Sekiguchi, Kenrin Shi, Takahiro Ushida
BACKGROUND: Current worldwide clinical practice guidelines recommend acetaminophen as the first option for the treatment of acute low back pain. However, there is no concrete evidence regarding whether acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is more effective for treating acute low back pain (LBP) in Japan. The present study aimed to investigate whether acetaminophen treatment for acute musculoskeletal pain was comparable with loxoprofen (a traditional NSAID in Japan) treatment...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482827/chiropractic-integrated-care-pathway-for-low-back-pain-in-veterans-results-of-a-delphi-consensus-process
#20
Anthony J Lisi, Stacie A Salsbury, Cheryl Hawk, Robert D Vining, Robert B Wallace, Richard Branson, Cynthia R Long, A Lucille Burgo-Black, Christine M Goertz
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop an integrated care pathway for doctors of chiropractic, primary care providers, and mental health professionals who manage veterans with low back pain, with or without mental health comorbidity, within Department of Veterans Affairs health care facilities. METHODS: The research method used was a consensus process. A multidisciplinary investigative team reviewed clinical guidelines and Veterans Affairs pain and mental health initiatives to develop seed statements and care algorithms to guide chiropractic management and collaborative care of veterans with low back pain...
February 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
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