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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912789/dynamics-of-antigenemia-and-transmission-intensity-of-wuchereria-bancrofti-following-cessation-of-mass-drug-administration-in-a-formerly-highly-endemic-region-of-mali
#1
Yaya I Coulibaly, Siaka Y Coulibaly, Housseini Dolo, Siaka Konate, Abdallah A Diallo, Salif S Doumbia, Lamine Soumaoro, Michel E Coulibaly, Ilo Dicko, Moussa B Sangare, Benoit Dembele, Modibo Sangare, Massitan Dembele, Yeya T Touré, Louise Kelly-Hope, Katja Polman, Dominique Kyelem, Sekou F Traore, Moses Bockarie, Amy D Klion, Thomas B Nutman
BACKGROUND: After seven annual rounds of mass drug administration (MDA) in six Malian villages highly endemic for Wuchereria bancrofti (overall prevalence rate of 42.7%), treatment was discontinued in 2008. Surveillance was performed over the ensuing 5 years to detect recrudescence. METHODS: Circulating filarial antigen (CFA) was measured using immunochromatographic card tests (ICT) and Og4C3 ELISA in 6-7 year-olds. Antibody to the W. bancrofti infective larval stage (L3) antigen, Wb123, was tested in the same population in 2012...
December 3, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911472/solid-state-emission-of-the-anthracene-o-carborane-dyad-from-the-twisted-intramolecular-charge-transfer-in-the-crystalline-state
#2
Hirofumi Naito, Kenta Nishino, Yasuhiro Morisaki, Kazuo Tanaka, Yoshiki Chujo
The emission process of the o-carborane dyad with anthracene originating from the twisted intramolecular charge transfer (TICT) state in the crystalline state is described. The anthracene-o-carborane dyad was synthesized and its optical properties were investigated. Initially, the dyad had aggregation- and crystallization-induced emission enhancement (AIEE and CIEE) properties via the intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) state. Interestingly, the dyad presented the dual-emissions assigned to both locally excited (LE) and ICT states in solution...
December 1, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910111/cystatin-c-and-epicardial-adipose-tissue-as-noninvasive-predictors-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-acromegaly
#3
Anna Aulinas, Iris Crespo, David Viladés, Ruben Leta, Eulàlia Urgell, Betina Biagetti, Susan M Webb, Elena Valassi
BACKGROUND: Acromegaly (ACRO) is associated with elevated cardiovascular risk, although the prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) is unclear. Increased epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and elevated cystatin-C (Cys-C) levels are cardiovascular risk factors, also related to the progression of CAD in several populations. AIMS: To measure the severity and extent of CAD in patients with ACRO and to determine whether either EAT or Cys-C reflect higher cardiovascular risk in patients with ACRO than in healthy controls...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909999/quality-assessment-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-integrative-medicine-in-china-a-systematic-review
#4
Sha Yao, Dang Wei, Yao-Long Chen, Qi Wang, Xiao-Qin Wang, Zhao Zeng, Hui Li
OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of integrative medicine clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) published before 2014. METHODS: A systematic search of the scientific literature published before 2014 was conducted to select integrative medicine CPGs. Four major Chinese integrated databases and one guideline database were searched: the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), China Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP), Wanfang Data, and the China Guideline Clearinghouse (CGC)...
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905612/bulky-4-6-disubstituted-tetraphenylethene-naphthalimide-dyad-synthesis-copolymerization-stimuli-responsive-fluorescence-and-cellular-imaging
#5
Qiong-Xin Hua, Bo Xin, Jun-Xia Liu, Ling-Xi Zhao, Zu-Jing Xiong, Tao Chen, Ze-Qiang Chen, Chong Li, Wen-Liang Gong, Zhen-Li Huang, Ming-Qiang Zhu
We report the design and synthesis of a tetraphenylethene substituted with naphthalimide at the 4, 6 positions, named NI-2TPE. NI-2TPE exhibits strong solvent-dependent emission properties with combined ICT and AIE characteristics in THF-H2O systems. This probe was used directly on test papers to distinguish normal organic solvents using their emission colours under UV light based on its AIE and ICT nature. Thanks to the vinyl group in NI-2TPE, we synthesized a copolymer of NIPAM and NI-2TPE, termed P(NIPAM-co-NI-2TPE)...
December 1, 2016: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905585/influence-of-%C3%AF-conjugation-structural-changes-on-intramolecular-charge-transfer-and-photoinduced-electron-transfer-in-donor-%C3%AF-acceptor-dyads
#6
So-Yoen Kim, Yang-Jin Cho, Ah-Rang Lee, Ho-Jin Son, Won-Sik Han, Dae Won Cho, Sang Ook Kang
The influence of π-conjugation structural changes on photoinduced electron transfer (PET) and intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) processes in π-conjugated donor (D)-acceptor (A) dyads (D-π-A) was investigated. Three types of D-π-A dyads were prepared through the modification of the structure of their π-conjugated linker, including D-π-A (1) and D-πtw-A (2) having a twisted π-conjugation, and D-π-Si-π-A (3) with a π-conjugation severed by a Si-atom. In these dyads, carbazole (Cz) and oxadiazole (Oz) moieties act as an electron donor and acceptor, respectively...
December 1, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904979/experimental-and-theoretical-studies-of-the-spectroscopic-properties-of-chalcone-derivatives
#7
Marek Pietrzak, Marek Józefowicz, Agnieszka Bajorek, Janina R Heldt
Newly synthesized, differently substituted chalcones (1,3-diaryl-2-propen-1-ones) have been studied using steady-state and time-resolved techniques combined with quantum-chemical modelling. To explore spectroscopic structure - property relationships the substituent (acceptor moiety) was chosen according to systematic variation in the Hammett parameter. It was shown that photophysical properties of the studied donor-acceptor (D-A) molecules can be predicted in terms of a simple model from the properties of individual chromophores (composite-model of decoupled moieties: donor (D) and acceptor (A))...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899900/fiber-type-specific-satellite-cell-content-in-cyclists-following-heavy-training-with-carbohydrate-and-carbohydrate-protein-supplementation
#8
Alec I McKenzie, Andrew C D'Lugos, Michael J Saunders, Keith D Gworek, Nicholas D Luden
The central purpose of this study was to evaluate the fiber type-specific satellite cell and myonuclear responses of endurance-trained cyclists to a block of intensified training, when supplementing with carbohydrate (CHO) vs. carbohydrate-protein (PRO). In a crossover design, endurance-trained cyclists (n = 8) performed two consecutive training periods, once supplementing with CHO (de facto "control" condition) and the other with PRO. Each training period consisted of 10 days of intensified cycle training (ICT-120% increase in average training duration) followed by 10 days of recovery (RVT-reduced volume training; 33% volume reduction vs...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899268/the-effects-of-the-smart-environment-on-the-information-divide-experienced-by-people-with-disabilities
#9
Su-Jung Nam, Eun-Young Park
BACKGROUND: Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is connected with every aspect of social, cultural, economic, educational, and commercial activity. Smart devices in particular have changed society and are necessary goods for modern people. Smart device usage is rapidly growing in everyday life, so the ability to use a smart device is increasingly important, yet there is little data supporting increased digital inclusion of people with disabilities in mobile device use. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: This study investigates the effects of the smart environment on the information divide experienced by people with disabilities...
November 16, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898691/a-personalized-electronic-movie-recommendation-system-based-on-support-vector-machine-and-improved-particle-swarm-optimization
#10
Xibin Wang, Fengji Luo, Ying Qian, Gianluca Ranzi
With the rapid development of ICT and Web technologies, a large an amount of information is becoming available and this is producing, in some instances, a condition of information overload. Under these conditions, it is difficult for a person to locate and access useful information for making decisions. To address this problem, there are information filtering systems, such as the personalized recommendation system (PRS) considered in this paper, that assist a person in identifying possible products or services of interest based on his/her preferences...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897999/charge-transfer-enhancement-in-the-d-%C3%AF-a-type-porphyrin-dyes-a-density-functional-theory-dft-and-time-dependent-density-functional-theory-td-dft-study
#11
Guo-Jun Kang, Chao Song, Xue-Feng Ren
The electronic geometries and optical properties of two D-π-A type zinc porphyrin dyes (NCH₃-YD2 and TPhe-YD) were systematically investigated by density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) to reveal the origin of significantly altered charge transfer enhancement by changing the electron donor of the famous porphyrin-based sensitizer YD2-o-C8. The molecular geometries and photophysical properties of dyes before and after binding to the TiO₂ cluster were fully investigated...
November 25, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897998/a-new-two-photon-ratiometric-fluorescent-probe-for-detecting-alkaline-phosphatase-in-living-cells
#12
Xiaohong Zhou, Yuren Jiang, Xiongjie Zhao, Yao Zhu
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is an important diagnostic indicator of many human diseases. To quantitatively track ALP in biosystems, herein, for the first time, we report an efficient two-photon ratiometric fluorescent probe, termed probe 1 and based on classic naphthalene derivatives with a donor-π-acceptor (D-π-A) structure and deprotection of the phosphoric acid moiety by ALP. The presence of ALP causes the cleave of the phosphate group from naphthalene derivatives and the phosphate group changes the ability of the intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) and remarkably alters the probe's photophysical properties, thus an obvious ratiometric signal with an isoemissive point is observed...
November 25, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895966/acceptability-of-service-targets-for-ict-based-healthcare
#13
Eun Min Jeon, Hwa Jeong Seo
OBJECTIVES: In order to adopt and activate telemedicine it is necessary to survey how medical staff, who are providers of medical service, and consumers, who are the service targets, perceive information and communication technology (ICT)-based healthcare service. METHODS: This study surveyed the awareness and acceptability of ICT-based healthcare by involving service targets, specifically workers and students living in the Seoul and Gyeonggi regions who are consumers of healthcare service...
October 2016: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895957/adoption-of-electronic-health-records-a-roadmap-for-india
#14
REVIEW
Sunil Kumar Srivastava
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to create a roadmap for the adoption of Electronic Health Record (EHR) in India based an analysis of the strategies of other countries and national scenarios of ICT use in India. METHODS: The strategies for adoption of EHR in other countries were analyzed to find the crucial steps taken. Apart from reports collected from stakeholders in the country, the study relied on the experience of the author in handling several e-health projects...
October 2016: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894000/synthesis-and-fluorescence-studies-of-nine-1-5-benzodiazepine-2-4-dione-derivatives-dual-emission-and-excimer-fluorescence
#15
Hamid Reza Qomi, Azizollah Habibi, Seyyed Mohammad Shahcheragh
The photophysical properties of nine 1,5-benzodiazepine-2,4-dione (BZD) derivatives were investigated using absorption and fluorescence spectral techniques in dimethyl sulfoxide. The trend of red shifts caused by the substitutions had full compliance with the trend of decreasing the calculated band gap (ΔELUMO-HOMO) by semi-empirical AM1 and DFT/B3LYP/6-311+G* computational methods. The positive solvatochromism of BZD a demonstrated the π-π* nature of the singlet excited state. Dual fluorescence was observed in the emission spectra of BZD f and g, while their spectrum in different concentration showed only one peak short wavelength (SW) in dilute solutions...
November 22, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892844/identification-of-b-cell-epitope-of-leishmania-donovani-and-its-application-in-diagnosis-of-visceral-leishmaniasis
#16
Fauzia Jamal, Manas Ranjan Dikhit, Manish K Singh, Pushkar Shivam, Sarita Kumari, Pushpanjali, Amit K Dubey, Prakash Kumar, Shyam Narayan, Anil K Gupta, Krishna Pandey, V N R Das, Sanjiva Bimal, Pradeep Das, Shubhankar K Singh
Diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is often hindered by cross-reactions with antigens from other related parasite infections. This study aimed to develop an immunochromatographic test (ICT) which can detect the antigen present in circulating immune complexes (CICs) of VL patients using B cell epitope-specific antibodies. MS analysis of six immunoreactive 2DE spots revealed two epitopes i.e RFFVQGDGIGQHSLQEALERR (P1) and RRVAVLVLLDRL (P2) (From a hypothetical protein [Acc No: XP_003861458.1]). The epitope conservancy analysis suggested that the linear epitope (P1P2) is 97% to 100% conserved among Leishmania species and diverged from Homo sapiens (61% query coverage and 80% identity)...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892570/ortho-heterofluorene-perylenediimides-synthesis-photophysical-and-exciton-dynamic-properties
#17
Zhenyi Yu, Yi-Shi Wu, Jianwei Chen, Chunlin Sun, Hongbing Fu
Previous studies suggest the perylenediimide (PDI) triplet excited state (T1) have been accessible only through bimolecular sensitization, the internal heavy-atom effect or a sophisticated cascade of nonradiative processes. Here, we designed heavy-atom-free PDIs to prompt the Tn ← S1 intersystem crossing (ISC) by introducing electron donating heterofluorene groups at the head positions of the electron-deficient PDI core. We obtained relatively high ISC efficiency up to 92% yield. Furthermore, promptly generated PDI triplets can sensitize the molecular oxygen quantitatively to yield (1)O2, with singlet oxygen generation efficiencies (ΦΔ) near to unity...
November 28, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889675/solvatochromic-fluorescence-properties-of-phenothiazine-based-dyes-involving-thiazolo-4-5-b-quinoxaline-and-benzo-e-indole-as-strong-acceptors
#18
Saurabh S Deshpande, Haribhau S Kumbhar, Ganapati S Shankarling
The present work describes the photophysical properties of two newly synthesized compounds, namely (E)-10-butyl-3-(2-(thiazolo[4,5-b]quinoxalin-2-yl)vinyl)-10H-phenothiazine (PTQ) and (E)-10-butyl-3-(2-(1,1-dimethyl-1H-benzo[e]indol-2-yl)vinyl)-10H-phenothiazine (PBI). A strong intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) is observed in both dyes as indicated from absorption and emission studies on varying the solvent polarity. This can be concluded from the large Stokes shifts among these dyes as PTQ exhibits large Stokes shift with >270nm and PBI around 200nm...
November 1, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888783/a-dual-analyte-fluorescent-chemosensor-based-on-a-furan-pyrene-conjugate-for-al-3-hso3
#19
Derin Don, K Velmurugan, J Prabhu, N Bhuvanesh, A Thamilselvan, R Nandhakumar
A simple chalcone based dual analyte fluorescent probe FPC for Al(3+) and HSO3(-) ions was developed. FPC detects both the analytes through a "turn off-on" approach and by the PET and ICT mechanism. FPC showed high selectivity and sensitivity for Al(3+) and HSO3(-) ions detection over other interfering and competing metal ions. In addition, the LOD of FPC for sensing Al(3+) and HSO3(-) ions was found to be 1.60×10(-7)M and 0.17×10(-6)M respectively. An electrochemical desalination technique was employed for the complete removal of Al(3+) ions from the environmental water samples by using the probe FPC...
November 16, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877126/recommendations-for-the-use-of-ict-in-elderly-populations-with-affective-disorders
#20
Auriane Gros, David Bensamoun, Valeria Manera, Roxane Fabre, Anne-Marie Zacconi-Cauvin, Susanne Thummler, Michel Benoit, Philippe Robert, Renaud David
Objective: Affective disorders are frequently encountered among elderly populations, and the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) could provide an added value for their recognition and assessment in addition to current clinical methods. The diversity and lack of consensus in the emerging field of ICTs is however a strong limitation for their global use in daily practice. The aim of the present article is to provide recommendations for the use of ICTs for the assessment and management of affective disorders among elderly populations with or without dementia...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
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