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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418950/sacral-fatigue-fracture-in-a-military-recruit
#1
Matthew D Burgess, Mickaila J Johnston, Eugene D Silverman
A 19-year-old male military recruit presented with 3 weeks of persistent left hip and groin pain after abnormally twisting his hip during a hike. Initial radiographs were interpreted as negative. He subsequently underwent a bone scan which revealed linear left sacral uptake along or paralleling the sacroiliac joint. Differential diagnostic considerations included unilateral sacroiliitis and sacral fracture. SPECT/CT was performed which confirmed left sacral fatigue stress fracture. Transitional lumbosacral anatomy was evident on radiographs with pseudoarticulation of the transitional left S1 transverse process with the sacrum...
April 17, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395094/mountain-medical-kits-epidemiology-based-recommendations-and-analysis-of-medical-supplies-carried-by-mountain-climbers-in-colorado
#2
William E Brandenburg, Brian W Locke
Objective: : To provide medical kit recommendations for short mountain wilderness recreation trips (hiking, trekking, backpacking, mountaineering etc.) based on the epidemiology of injury and illness sustained and best treatment guidelines. Additionally, to compare these recommendations to the medical kit contents of mountain climbers in Colorado. Methods: : A primary literature review concerning the epidemiology of injury and illness in mountain wilderness settings was performed...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390935/evaluation-of-clinical-gait-analysis-parameters-in-patients-affected-by-multiple-sclerosis-analysis-of-kinematics
#3
Giacomo Severini, Mario Manca, Giovanni Ferraresi, Luisa Maria Caniatti, Michela Cosma, Francesco Baldasso, Sofia Straudi, Monica Morelli, Nino Basaglia
BACKGROUND: Clinical Gait Analysis is commonly used to evaluate specific gait characteristics of patients affected by Multiple Sclerosis. The aim of this report is to present a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of the changes in Clinical Gait Analysis parameters in patients affected by Multiple Sclerosis. METHODS: In this study a sample of 51 patients with different levels of disability (Expanded Disability Status Scale 2-6.5) was analyzed. We extracted a set of 52 parameters from the Clinical Gait Analysis of each patient and used statistical analysis and linear regression to assess differences among several groups of subjects stratified according to the Expanded Disability Status Scale and 6-Minutes Walking Test...
April 3, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385411/claudication-pay-for-structured-exercise-or-go-take-a-hike
#4
EDITORIAL
Neal N Sawlani, Scott Kinlay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370172/a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-experiences-of-patients-with-breast-cancer-receiving-outpatient-based-chemotherapy
#5
Xiao Bin Lai, Shirley Siu Yin Ching, Frances Kam Yuet Wong
AIMS: To understand the experiences of patients with breast cancer and their involvement during outpatient-based chemotherapy in Hong Kong. BACKGROUND: The outcome evaluation using a mixed-methods approach is not common in interventional studies of nurse-led chemotherapy care programmes. A qualitative approach could provide a deep understanding of the experiences of patients. DESIGN: A qualitative study was conducted. METHODS: This is part of a randomized controlled trial of a nurse-led care programme (NCT02228200)...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351605/infections-associated-with-adventure-travel-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Nathan D Gundacker, Robert J Rolfe, J Martin Rodriguez
AIM: To review infections associated with adventure travel. METHODS: The PubMed, Embase and Scopus databases were searched combining the words infection with the following keywords: rafting, whitewater, surfing, (surfer* or windsurf*), (caves or caving or spelunking), (triathlon or trekking) or (hiking or adventure race), bicycling, backpacking, (mountain climb* or bouldering), horseback riding, orienteering, trekking, and skiing. RESULTS: Adventure travel is becoming much more common among travelers and it is associated with a subset of infectious diseases including: leptospirosis, schistosomiasis, viral hemorrhagic fevers, rickettsial diseases and endemic mycosis...
March 27, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345627/heterologous-protein-dna-interactions-lead-to-biased-allelic-expression-of-circadian-clock-genes-in-interspecific-hybrids
#7
Danny W-K Ng, Helen H Y Chen, Z Jeffrey Chen
Genomic interactions in allopolyploids create expression variation of homoeologous alleles through protein-protein and protein-DNA interactions. However, the molecular basis for this is largely unknown. Here we investigated the protein-protein and protein-DNA interactions among homoeologous transcription factors in the circadian-clock feedback loop, consisting of CCA1 HIKING EXPEDITION (CHE), CIRCADIAN CLOCK ASSOCIATED1 (CCA1), and TIMING OF CAB EXPRESSION1 (TOC1), plus the interaction with a chromatin factor, HISTONE DEACETYLASE1 (HD1)...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325069/experiences-with-and-perceptions-of-an-adaptive-hiking-program
#8
Larissa James, Janet Shing, W Ben Mortenson, Johanne Mattie, Jaimie Borisoff
PURPOSE: Outdoor activities in natural settings have been found to be beneficial for overall health and well-being. However, people with disabilities may have different experiences accessing outdoor activities in natural settings. This research explored the experiences of users, volunteers, and staff, and perspectives of non-users about an adapted hiking program that uses a specialized mobility device called a TrailRider. The research had three objectives: 1. Describe the experiences of users, volunteers, and staff; 2...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316262/tribute-to-dr-jacques-rogge-muscle-activity-and-fatigue-during-hiking-in-olympic-dinghy-sailing
#9
Jan G Bourgois, Jasmien Dumortier, Margot Callewaert, Bert Celie, Carlo Capelli, Gisela Sjøgaard, Dirk De Clercq, Jan Boone
'A tribute to Dr J. Rogge' aims to systematically review muscle activity and muscle fatigue during sustained submaximal quasi-isometric knee extension exercise (hiking) related to Olympic dinghy sailing as a tribute to Dr Rogge's merits in the world of sports. Dr Jacques Rogge is not only the former President of the International Olympic Committee, he was also an orthopaedic surgeon and a keen sailor, competing at three Olympic Games. In 1972, in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master in Sports Medicine, he was the first who studied a sailors' muscle activity by means of invasive needle electromyography (EMG) during a specific sailing technique (hiking) on a self-constructed sailing ergometer...
March 19, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297177/kinematics-of-the-pelvis-torso-and-lower-limb-during-obstacle-negotiation-while-under-temporal-constraints
#10
Jesse C Christensen, Christopher R Wilson, Andrew S Merryweather, K Bo Foreman
Biomechanics of unobstructed locomotion consists of synchronized complex movements of the pelvis, torso, and lower limbs. These movement patterns become more complex as individuals encounter obstacles or negotiate uneven terrain. To date, limited research has explored how specifically the pelvis, torso, and lower limb segments relate to obstacle negotiation of varying sized objects combined with temporal constraints to perform the task. Understanding pelvis and adjoining segment movements during object negotiation will provide necessary information in identifying abnormal mechanics and potential fall risk characteristics in balance compromised patient populations...
April 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291666/risk-and-protective-factors-for-sudden-cardiac-death-during-leisure-activities-in-the-mountains-an-update
#11
REVIEW
Martin Burtscher
INTRODUCTION: Annually, more than 100 million tourists with widely varying health and fitness status are attracted by the mountainous areas around the world. Whereas mountaineering activities may contribute to the well established beneficial effects of regular exercise, for certain individuals these activities are also associated with a relatively high risk of death. METHODS: This manuscript presents an updated overview of risk and protective factors for sudden cardiac death during leisure activities in the mountains...
February 28, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243206/spo2-and-heart-rate-during-a-real-hike-at-altitude-are-significantly-different-than-at-its-simulation-in-normobaric-hypoxia
#12
Nikolaus C Netzer, Linda Rausch, Arn H Eliasson, Hannes Gatterer, Matthias Friess, Martin Burtscher, Stephan Pramsohler
Rationale: Exposures to simulated altitude (normobaric hypoxia, NH) are frequently used in preparation for mountaineering activities at real altitude (hypobaric hypoxia, HH). However, physiological responses to exercise in NH and HH may differ. Unfortunately clinically useful information on such differences is largely lacking. This study therefore compared exercise responses between a simulated hike on a treadmill in NH and a similar field hike in HH. Methods: Six subjects (four men) participated in two trials, one in a NH chamber and a second in HH at an altitude of 4,205 m on the mountain Mauna Kea...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236867/medication-errors-in-anesthesia-unacceptable-or-unavoidable
#13
Ira Dhawan, Anurag Tewari, Sankalp Sehgal, Ashish Chandra Sinha
Medication errors are the common causes of patient morbidity and mortality. It adds financial burden to the institution as well. Though the impact varies from no harm to serious adverse effects including death, it needs attention on priority basis since medication errors' are preventable. In today's world where people are aware and medical claims are on the hike, it is of utmost priority that we curb this issue. Individual effort to decrease medication error alone might not be successful until a change in the existing protocols and system is incorporated...
March 2017: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226263/comparing-impacts-between-formal-and-informal-recreational-trails
#14
Catherine Marina Pickering, Patrick Norman
Globally there are hundreds of thousands of kilometres of recreational trails traversing natural areas of high conservation value: but what are their impacts and do impacts differ among trails? We compared the effects of four common types of recreational trails [(1) narrow and (2) medium width informal bare earth trails and (3) gravel and (4) tarmac/concrete formal trails] on vegetation adjacent to trails in a high conservation value plant community that is popular for mountain biking and hiking in Australia...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216671/dual-mechanisms-regulate-the-nucleocytoplasmic-localization-of-human-ddx6
#15
Jo-Hsi Huang, Wei-Chi Ku, Yen-Chun Chen, Yi-Ling Chang, Chia-Ying Chu
DDX6 is a conserved DEAD-box protein (DBP) that plays central roles in cytoplasmic RNA regulation, including processing body (P-body) assembly, mRNA decapping, and translational repression. Beyond its cytoplasmic functions, DDX6 may also have nuclear functions because its orthologues are known to localize to nuclei in several biological contexts. However, it is unclear whether DDX6 is generally present in human cell nuclei, and the molecular mechanism underlying DDX6 subcellular distribution remains elusive...
February 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194200/relationship-between-observational-learning-and-health-belief-with-physical-activity-among-adolescents-girl-in-isfahan-iran
#16
Marzieh Rostamian, Ashraf Kazemi
BACKGROUND: Physical activities among adolescents affects health during pubescence and adolescence and decrease in physical activities among adolescents has become a global challenge. The aim of the present study was to define the relation between the level of physical activity among adolescent girls and their health beliefs as personal factor and level of observational learning as environmental factor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was a cross-sectional study that was conducted on 400 students aged from 11 to 19 years in Isfahan, Iran...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194082/internet-use-at-workplaces-and-its-effects-on-working-style-in-indian-context-an-exploration
#17
Apoorva Shrivastava, Manoj K Sharma, P Marimuthu
BACKGROUND: Internet use has revolutionized the pattern of working style at the workplace. It led to an increased use for nonprofessional activities at the workplace. It has been shown to affect productivity at the workplace. There is a dearth of literature from the Indian context in this area. AIM: This study was conducted to explore the pattern of Internet use at the workplace and its dysfunctions. SETTING AND DESIGN: The present study was a cross-sectional prospective study...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174611/pterostilbene-ameliorates-intracerebroventricular-streptozotocin-induced-memory-decline-in-rats
#18
Bhagyashree Naik, Abhijit Nirwane, Anuradha Majumdar
There is strong evidence that mitochondrial dysfunction mediated oxidative stress results in aging and energy metabolism deficits thus playing a prime role in pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease, neuronal death and cognitive dysfunction. Evidences accrued in empirical studies suggest the antioxidant, anticancer and anti-inflammatory activities of the phytochemical pterostilbene (PTS). PTS also exhibits favourable pharmacokinetic attributes compared to other stilbenes. Hence, in the present study, we explored the neuroprotective role of PTS in ameliorating the intracerebroventricular administered streptozotocin (STZ) induced memory decline in rats...
February 2017: Cognitive Neurodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121560/beating-the-zero-sum-game-together
#19
Zachary Hafner
If you're still bickering over rate hikes and contract minutiae, then you're out of step with the new health care economy. In progressive markets, savvy payers and providers that work together rather than constantly bumping heads are pulling ahead at the expense of slow movers and status quo players.
December 2016: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120046/music-and-mind-in-memoriam-professor-carlo-alberto-pagni-md-phd-february-13-1931-march-1-2009
#20
Klaus R H von Wild
Carlo Alberto Pagni, born in La Spezia, Italy, on February 13, 1931, was an eminent and respected professor of neurosurgery and chairman of the neurosurgical clinic of the University of Turin from 1980 to 2003. He died on March 1, 2009. As a professor of neurology and neurological surgery he was renowned as an expert on vascular, tumor, and functional neurosurgery. Beyond the Italian Neurosurgical Society, he was the doyen of functional neurosurgery, specializing in motor cortex stimulation for the treatment of focal dystonia, Parkinson's disease, and postictal spasticity and pain...
2017: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
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