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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144482/graduate-students-face-alarming-tax-hike
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127852/social-interaction-and-pain-an-arctic-expedition
#2
Per Block, Lauren C Heathcote, Stephanie Burnett Heyes
Complex human behaviour can only be understood within its social environment. However, disentangling the causal links between individual outcomes and social network position is empirically challenging. We present a research design in a closed real-world setting with high-resolution temporal data to understand this interplay within a fundamental human experience - physical pain. Study participants completed an isolated 3-week hiking expedition in the Arctic Circle during which they were subject to the same variation in environmental conditions and only interacted amongst themselves...
November 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102094/early-disseminated-lyme-disease-masquerading-as-mononucleosis-a%C3%A2-case-report
#3
Richard Tumminello, Lindsey Glaspey, Anita Bhamidipati, Patrick Sheehan, Sundip Patel
BACKGROUND: Disseminated Lyme disease can be difficult to diagnose, as it begins with nonspecific signs and symptoms, which, if not treated correctly, can lead to atrioventricular conduction blocks and meningitis. In addition, the diagnosis can be further complicated by potentially false-positive test results. CASE REPORT: We report a case of early-disseminated Lyme disease presenting with Borrelia meningitis and concomitant Lyme carditis, which was misdiagnosed as mononucleosis...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077490/hiking-with-diabetesrisks-and-benefits
#4
David W Jenkins, Alexander Jenks
BACKGROUND: Exercise is highly beneficial for persons with diabetes. Similar to many other patients, those with diabetes may be reluctant to exercise given a lack of motivation and proper instruction regarding an exercise prescription. In general, medical providers are poorly equipped to develop an exercise prescription and furnish motivation. Attempts to find activities that not only provide effective aerobic challenges but also are enjoyable to participate in are fraught with difficulty...
September 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077294/-nasal-flaring-as-a-predictor-of-mortality-in-patients-with-severe-dyspnea
#5
Eva Sierra Quintana, Carmen María Martínez Caballero, Sara Abigail Batista Pardo, Salas Abella Barraca, María de la Vieja Soriano
OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of patients with nontraumatic medical problems rescued by a Spanish mountain emergency response service (061 Aragon). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective observational analysis of records of mountain rescues completed between July 2010 and December 2016. RESULTS: A total of 164 patients with nontraumatic medical emergencies were rescued; 82.3% were males. Most patients were between the ages of 50 and 59 years...
October 2017: Emergencias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068295/congress-puts-shadow-pricing-of-ms-drugs-in-the-spotlight
#6
Ed Silverman
Lawmakers asked seven companies to explain not only "skyrocketing prices," but a practice known as shadow pricing in which a drugmaker increases the price of an existing medicine to match the price hike or higher price set for a new drug launched by another company.
October 2017: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029083/unravelling-the-genome-of-a-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolate-belonging-to-the-high-risk-clone-st235-reveals-an-integrative-conjugative-element-housing-a-blages-6-carbapenemase
#7
João Botelho, Filipa Grosso, Luísa Peixe
Objectives: In Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the blaGES-6 carbapenemase gene was previously associated with an In1076 class I integron. Here, we conducted a genome-based analysis and explored the genetic platform associated with the mobility of this gene. Methods: WGS of a blaGES-6-harbouring P. aeruginosa isolate (FFUP_PS_690) was performed with Illumina HiSeq, de novo assembly was performed using SPAdes and subsequent bioinformatic analysis was performed concerning antibiotic resistance genes, virulence features and mobile genetic elements...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028346/influence-of-hofmeister-i-on-tuning-optoelectronic-properties-of-ampholytic-polythiophene-by-varying-ph-and-conjugating-with-rna
#8
Radhakanta Ghosh, Dhruba P Chatterjee, Sujoy Das, Titas K Mukhopadhyay, Ayan Datta, Arun K Nandi
A significant tuning of optoelectronic properties of polythiophene (PT) chains due to Hofmeister iodide (I(-)) ion is demonstrated in ampholytic polythiophene [polythiophene-g-poly{(N,N,N-trimethylamino iodide)ethyl methacrylate-co-methacrylic acid}, APT] at different pHs. In acidic medium, the absorption and emission signals of PT chromophore exhibit appreciable blue shift in the presence of I(-) as counteranion only. The cooperative effect of undissociated -COOH and quaternary ammonium groups immobilize I(-) near the apolar PT chain causing threading of grafted chains and hence twisting of the backbone attributing to the blue shift...
October 25, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959030/bed-bug-aggregation-on-dirty-laundry-a-mechanism-for-passive-dispersal
#9
William T Hentley, Ben Webster, Sophie E F Evison, Michael T Siva-Jothy
Bed bugs have shown a recent and rapid global expansion that has been suggested to be caused by cheap air travel. How a small, flightless and anachoretic insect that hides within its host's sleeping area manages to travel long distances is not yet clear. Bed bugs are attracted to the odour of sleeping humans and we suggest that soiled clothing may present a similarly attractive cue, allowing bed bugs to 'hitch-hike' around the world after aggregating in the laundry bags of travellers. We show that (1) soiled clothing is significantly more attractive than clean clothing to active bed bugs moving within a bedroom sized arena and (2) elevation of CO2 to a level that simulates human occupancy in the same arena appears to initiate search behaviour rather than direct it...
September 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939283/histiocytoid-cardiomyopathy-and-ventricular-noncompaction-presenting-as-sudden-death-in-an-adult-male
#10
J Fernando Val-Bernal, Marta Mayorga, Clara Ortega, Emma Linares
Histiocytoid/oncocytic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a rare, distinctive arrhythmogenic disorder that presents as arrhythmia or sudden death in infants and children. Ventricular noncompaction (VNC) is a rare cardiomyopathy characterized by a thickened endocardial layer of noncompacted myocardium and a thin epicardial layer of compacted myocardium. Only six cases of the association of both cardiomyopathies have been reported previously in the literature. All these cases were in children. To the best of our knowledge, a case of HCM has not been described in the adult...
September 7, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931379/the-effects-of-a-rise-in-cigarette-price-on-cigarette-consumption-tobacco-taxation-revenues-and-of-smoking-related-deaths-in-28-eu-countries-applying-threshold-regression-modelling
#11
Chun-Yuan Yeh, Christian Schafferer, Jie-Min Lee, Li-Ming Ho, Chi-Jung Hsieh
BACKGROUND: European Union public healthcare expenditure on treating smoking and attributable diseases is estimated at over €25bn annually. The reduction of tobacco consumption has thus become one of the major social policies of the EU. This study investigates the effects of price hikes on cigarette consumption, tobacco tax revenues and smoking-caused deaths in 28 EU countries. METHODS: Employing panel data for the years 2005 to 2014 from Euromonitor International, the World Bank and the World Health Organization, we used income as a threshold variable and applied threshold regression modelling to estimate the elasticity of cigarette prices and to simulate the effect of price fluctuations...
September 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929048/brand-versus-generic-dispensing-trend-for-ciprofloxacin-500-mg-levofloxacin-500-mg-and-moxifloxacin-400-mg-oral-dosage-forms-among-pharmacies-of-karachi-pakistan
#12
Fatima Zehra, Atta Abbas Naqvi, Sumbul Tasneem, Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad, Adnan Zia Shamsi, Naqiya Ali Asghar, Ghufran Ullah Khan
INTRODUCTION: Pakistan spends 0.7% of its gross domestic product on health. The public sector health-care system provides services to 22% of population thus paving the way for a dominant private sector. Patients in Pakistan mostly pay their medical expenses directly, and 64% of the health expenditures are borne by the household. Expenditure on medicine constitutes 43% of the total household expenditure. METHODS: A quantitative cross-sectional study was conducted in Karachi, Pakistan, for a month...
April 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927548/pulmonary-injury-from-waterproofing-spray-during-a-hike
#13
Tomonori Harada, Yukio Hirabayashi, Yuriko Takayama-Isagawa, Hiroto Sakamoto, Makoto Kawaishi, Hiroyuki Hara, Shin Aizawa
A 48-year-old man developed general fatigue, dyspnea, and fever at an altitude of 1562 m from the morning of the first day of a 3-day hike. Despite pharyngeal discomfort and mild general fatigue, he felt that the symptoms were not sufficient to abandon his plan. He usually required 1.5 hours to reach Tokusawa (6.4 km from the starting point at an altitude of 1500 m), but this time he required 2.5 hours and slept briefly upon arrival at Tokusawa due to extreme fatigue and respiratory discomfort. His symptoms became aggravated, so he presented at a mountain clinic with oxygen saturation at 80% and body temperature of 37...
September 15, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926442/from-gridiron-to-graves-hiking-from-bulldog-stadium-to-crawford-long-s-resting-place
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895837/minnesota-a-health-care-island-scrambles-to-stay-afloat
#15
Peter Wehrwein
The Democratic governor and the Republican legislature have moved to shore up the individual market, but Minnesotans are leaving it in droves. About 167,000 residents bought individual coverage this year, compared with 270,000 in 2016. Premium hikes have been caused, in part, by the consolidation of providers.
July 2017: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892419/the-effect-of-a-backpack-hip-strap-on-energy-expenditure-while-walking
#16
Jamie Pigman, William Sullivan, Steven Leigh, Peter A Hosick
Objective To examine the effect of backpack hip strap use on walking energy expenditure while carrying a loaded backpack. Background Previous studies have demonstrated that energy cost increases as the mass of the load carried increases. However, few investigations have focused on backpack carriage design. Methods Fifteen young, healthy, male subjects walked at a self-selected pace for 10 minutes in two backpack loading conditions: with a hip strap (strapped) and without a hip strap (nonstrapped). Oxygen consumption (VO2), rating of perceived exertion (RPE), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), and heart rate (HR) were monitored throughout each 10-minute trial...
December 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882617/trends-in-skin-and-soft-tissue-related-injuries-in-nols-wilderness-expeditions-from-1984-to-2012
#17
Kimberly A Stanford, Lara Phillips, Yuchiao Chang, Drew Leemon, Tod Schimelpfenig, N Stuart Harris
OBJECTIVE: Wilderness expeditions inevitably involve risk to participants. Understanding of expedition-related illnesses and injuries allows institutions and individuals to develop strategies to mitigate risk. We describe findings and trends in soft tissue injuries, the second-most common type of injury, among participants in the National Outdoor Leadership School expeditions from 1984 to 2012. METHODS: Injuries and illnesses sustained by students and staff have been recorded continuously since 1984 in the extensive National Outdoor Leadership School database...
September 4, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853346/rail-fare-hikes-may-force-city-nurses-to-quit
#18
(no author information available yet)
Nurses commuting to work in cities could be forced to leave their jobs because of rail fare hikes, a union has warned.
August 30, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821010/willingness-to-pay-for-safe-drinking-water-a-contingent-valuation-study-in-jacksonville-fl
#19
Chiradip Chatterjee, Russell Triplett, Christopher K Johnson, Parvez Ahmed
A surprising number of U.S. cities have drinking water with unhealthy levels of chemicals and contaminants. The city of Jacksonville (Florida), the location for this study, owns the dubious distinction of being ranked among the worst major American cities in water quality according to water quality tests conducted between 2005 and 2009 by the Environmental Working Group (EWG). This report of toxic chemicals in the Jacksonville water supply generated considerable negative publicity and coincides with a frequent and common complaint among residents of foul-smelling water...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800067/a-randomized-crossover-trial-on-acute-stress-related-physiological-responses-to-mountain-hiking
#20
Martin Niedermeier, Carina Grafetstätter, Arnulf Hartl, Martin Kopp
Green exercise, defined as physical activity in natural environments, might have positive effects on stress-related physiological measures. Little is known about the acute effects of green exercise bouts lasting longer than 60 min. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to analyze the acute effects of a three-hour green exercise intervention (mountain hiking) on stress-related physiological responses. Using a randomized crossover design, 42 healthy participants were exposed to three different conditions in a field-based experiment: outdoor mountain hiking, indoor treadmill walking, and sedentary control condition (three hours each)...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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