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Norman Maldonado, Blanca Amalia Llorente, Roberto Magno Iglesias, Diego Escobar
BACKGROUND: By 2016, tobacco industry provided the only illicit trade estimates in Colombia and used these to discourage tax increases since the 1990s. To establish the viability of a threefold hike in the excise tax, policy makers needed unbiased estimates of the illicit cigarette. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the size of illicit cigarette trade in five Colombian cities (63% of the market), analyse characteristics of smokers of illicit cigarettes and compare market share results with one industry-funded survey...
March 14, 2018: Tobacco Control
Johan A de Bruijn, Aniek P M van Zantvoort, Michiel B Winkes, Marike van der Cruijsen-Raaijmakers, Adwin R Hoogeveen, Joep A W Teijink, Marc R M Scheltinga
Background: Lower leg chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) is usually diagnosed in young and athletic individuals. The presence of CECS in older patients has received little attention in the literature, and patient characteristics are unknown. Purpose: To determine the prevalence of CECS in older patients (≥50 years) and to assess whether older patients with CECS differ clinically from younger patients with CECS. Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Bongjeong Kim, Hye Sun Hyun
Objectives: This study investigates investigated the relationship between social and physical environments, and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) amongst adults in both rural and urban areas within Korea. Methods: A sample of 128,735 adults from the 2013 Community Health Survey (CHS) was analyzed using a multilevel logistic analysis. Results: Urban residents with higher satisfaction in public transportation satisfaction and rural residents with more access to sports parks, hiking trails, and bike cycle paths were more likely to be active...
January 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
Maxim V Kiryukhin, Hooi Hong Lau, Seok Hong Goh, Cathleen Teh, Vladimir Korzh, Anton Sadovoy
A new Membrane Film Sensor (MFS) has been developed to measure pH of fluids. MFS comprises a polyelectrolyte multilayer film with uniformly distributed compartments (microchambers) where a fluorescent sensing dye is encapsulated. Fabricated film is sealed onto a polyethylene film for a future use. MFS was applied to report changes in golden pomfret fillet upon its storage at 5 °C. MFS pH readings were correlated to bacteriological analysis of fish samples. A hike in pH of fish juices happens after 10 days of storage signaling bacterial spoilage of fish...
May 15, 2018: Talanta
Mirco Lo Presti, Giuseppe Gianluca Costa, Sergio Cialdella, Giuseppe Agrò, Alberto Grassi, Silvio Caravelli, Massimiliano Mosca, Giulio Maria Marcheggiani Muccioli, Stefano Zaffagnini
Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) has increased in popularity in the last years, also in younger and more active patients with great expectancies. The purpose of our study was to investigate the change in sports activities before and after medial UKA. We surveyed 53 athletic patients; all underwent cemented medial UKA, to determine not only their subjective and objective evaluation of clinical status with Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) and visual analog score (VAS) score, but also their sporting and recreational activities at a mean follow-up of 48 ± 6 months (range, 18-56 months)...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
Mariève Pouliot, Dipesh Pyakurel, Carsten Smith-Hall
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ophiocordyceps sinensis (Berk.) G.H.Sung, J.M.Sung, Hywel-Jones & Spatafora, a high altitude Himalayan fungus-caterpillar product found in alpine meadows in China, Bhutan, Nepal, and India, has been used in the Traditional Chinese Medicine system for over 2000 years. Heightened demand in China over the past 15 years, coupled with limited production, has led to a price hike and increased economic importance of harvests to rural households throughout the species' range...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Deborah R Liptzin, Steven H Abman, Ann Giesenhagen, D Dunbar Ivy
Liptzin, Deborah R., Steven H. Abman, Ann Giesenhagen, and D. Dunbar Ivy. An approach to children with pulmonary edema at high altitude. High Alt Med Biol. 00:000-000, 2018. INTRODUCTION: Diagnosis of high-altitude illness can be more challenging in children, especially those who are preverbal. Families often travel to high elevations for family vacations, either for skiing, hiking, and/or camping. They may present to their primary care providers looking for anticipatory guidance before travel or may follow-up after developing high-altitude illness...
February 22, 2018: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
Roxanne Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
Bassey Enya Bassey, Fiona Braka, Rui Gama Vaz, William Komakech, Sylvester Toritseju Maleghemi, Richard Koko, Thompson Igbu, Faith Ireye, Sylvester Agwai, Godwin Ubong Akpan, Sisay Gashu Tegegne, Abdul-Aziz Garba Mohammed, Angela Okocha-Ejeko
BACKGROUND: The globally synchronized switch from trivalent Oral Polio Vaccine (tOPV) to bivalent Oral Polio Vaccine (bOPV) took place in Nigeria on April 18th 2016. The country is divided into six geopolitical zones. This study reports the experiences and lessons learned from the switch process in the six states that make up Nigeria's south-south geopolitical zone. METHODS: This was a descriptive retrospective review of Nigeria's switch plan and structures used for implementing the tOPV-bOPV switch in the south-south zone...
January 27, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Michel Zeitouni, Mathieu Kerneis, Tarek Nafee, Jean-Philippe Collet, Johanne Silvain, Gilles Montalescot
Early intravenous anticoagulation is the corner stone treatment of patients admitted with an acute coronary syndrome: it antagonizes the ongoing coronary thrombosis and facilitates the percutaneous coronary intervention, hence a reduction of mortality and acute stent thrombosis. Unfractionated heparin, enoxaparin, bivalirudin and fondaparinux have been extensively studied in large randomized control trials and meta-analyses with the same objective: reducing the ischemic burden without hiking hemorrhagic events...
January 12, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
Stephen Barlas
Is industry consolidation a response to President Donald Trump's repeated denunciation of high drug prices and congressional hearings on the issue? The author considers whether any of this corporate collaboration will get at some of the significant, underlying problems in the drug-pricing space.
January 2018: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
Zhanju Yang, Qiao Wang, Ke Ma, Ping Shi, Wenbin Liu, Zhiwei Huang
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to explore the synergistically antifungal mechanism of fluconazole and berberine. METHODS: Biochemical and genetic analysis was performed to investigate the probable antifungal role of the combined use of berberine and fluconazole in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a typical fungal cell model. RESULTS: Fluconazole led to an elevated cell membrane permeability in the wild type yeast BY4741, similar as the sterol synthesis deficient strains erg2Δ and erg6Δ...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Paweł Ćwiąkała, Rafał Kocierz, Edyta Puniach, Michał Nędzka, Karolina Mamczarz, Witold Niewiem, Paweł Wiącek
The research described in this paper deals with the documentation of hiking trails in alpine areas. The study presents a novel research topic, applying up-to-date survey techniques and top quality equipment with practical applications in nature conservation. The research presents the initial part of the process-capturing imagery, photogrammetric processing, quality checking, and a discussion on possibilities of the further data analysis. The research described in this article was conducted in the Tatra National Park (TNP) in Poland, which is considered as one of the most-visited national parks in Europe...
December 29, 2017: Sensors
Christoph Kolling, Mirela Borovac, Laurent Audigé, Andreas M Mueller, Hans-Kaspar Schwyzer
PURPOSE: This patient survey evaluated the return to previous sports activities in Swiss patients up to five years after reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA). METHODS: We screened our local shoulder arthroplasty registry for patients registered with a unilateral RSA due to rotator cuff deficiency between May 2010 and May 2015. Revision cases and patients already known as unwilling or unable to complete a German language questionnaire were excluded. Eligible patients received a paper questionnaire asking about their past and current sports activities, return time point and level of activity...
December 22, 2017: International Orthopaedics
Martin Faulhaber, Elena Pocecco, Martin Niedermeier, Gerhard Ruedl, Dagmar Walter, Regina Sterr, Hans Ebner, Wolfgang Schobersberger, Martin Burtscher
Objective: To analyse the circumstances of fatal and non-fatal mountain hiking accidents caused by falls. Methods: The study was designed as a retrospective analysis. Mountain hiking accidents caused by falls were documented during a 9-year period (2006-2014). After screening of all data for potential exclusion criteria the final sample size of 5368 accidents and 5665 victims was included into the analyses. Main outcome measures were details about accidents, victims, type of trail and surface...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
Anna Schuh-Renner, Michelle Canham-Chervak, Darren W Hearn, P Ann Loveless, Bruce H Jones
The purpose of this study was to investigate injury incidence and factors associated with injury among employees at a large U.S. Army hospital to inform injury prevention planning and health promotion education efforts. Demographics, health behaviors, and injury history were collected by survey from hospital employees between October and December 2014. Descriptive statistics were reported and factors associated with injury were determined using multiple logistic regression. Respondents (380; 56% females, 44% males; 54% active duty military, 45% civilians) reported a prevalence of unhealthy behaviors (e...
December 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
Helen Shen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Nature
Puligundla Krishna Chaitanya, Karnam Ashok Kumar, Bala Stalin, Gundeti Sadashivudu, Maddali Lakshmi Srinivas
Introduction: BCR-ABL1 kinase domain mutations represent the most frequent mechanism of resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy, being detected in 40%-50% of imatinib-resistant patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase (CML-CP). Over 100 BCR-ABL1 single-point mutations have been reported in patients with imatinib-resistant CML. There were few studies reported from India on BCR-ABL kinase mutations in imatinib failure patients. We present our data on imatinib resistance mutation analysis (IRMA) and use of imatinib dose hike and 2nd -generation TKI at our institute...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
Stéphane Verguet, Gillian Tarr, Cindy L Gauvreau, Sujata Mishra, Prabhat Jha, Lingrui Liu, Yue Xiao, Yingpeng Qiu, Kun Zhao
Background: Tobacco taxation and smoke-free workplaces reduce smoking, tobacco-related premature deaths and associated out-of-pocket health care expenditures. We examine the distributional consequences of a price increase in tobacco products through an excise tax hike, and of an implementation of smoke-free workplaces, in China. Methods: We use extended cost-effectiveness analysis (ECEA) to evaluate, across income quintiles of the male population (the large majority of Chinese smokers), the premature deaths averted, the change in tax revenues generated, and the financial risk protection procured (eg, poverty cases averted, defined as the number of individuals no longer facing tobacco-related out-of-pocket expenditures for disease treatment, that would otherwise impoverish them), that would follow a 75% increase in cigarette prices through substantial increments in excise tax fully passed onto consumers, and a nationwide total implementation of workplace smoking bans...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: Nature
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