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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639036/customization-of-laparoscopic-gastric-devascularization-and-splenectomy-for-gastric-varices-based-on-ct-vascular-anatomy
#1
Hirofumi Kawanaka, Tomohiko Akahoshi, Yoshihiro Nagao, Nao Kinjo, Daisuke Yoshida, Yoshihiro Matsumoto, Norifumi Harimoto, Shinji Itoh, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Yoshihiko Maehara
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic gastric devascularization(Lap GDS) and splenectomy (SPL) for gastric varices is technically challenging because of highly developed collateral vessels and bleeding tendency. We investigated the feasibility of customization of Lap GDS and SPL based on CT vascular anatomy. METHODS: We analyzed 61 cirrhotic patients with gastric varices who underwent Lap GDS and SPL between 2006 and 2014. Lap GDS was customized according to the afferent feeding veins (left gastric vein (LGV) and/or posterior gastric vein (PGV)/short gastric vein (SGV)) and efferent drainage veins (gastrorenal shunt and/or gastrophrenic shunt, or numerous retroperitoneal veins) based on CT imaging...
June 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631649/chlamydia-trachomatis-proctitis-masquerading-as-carcinoma-rectum-first-case-report-from-india
#2
Benu Dhawan, Govind Kumar Makharia, Deepak Juyal, Sujeesh Sebastian, Riti Bhatia, Neena Khanna
While proctitis is caused both by infectious and noninfectious causes, infectious causes are acquired typically sexually. Chlamydia trachomatis, which is the most frequent bacterial pathogen causing sexually transmitted infections worldwide, is one of the causative agents of proctitis. We report a case history of a bisexual male who presented to us with rectal bleeding. The colonoscopy showed a nodular ulcerated lesion in the rectum suggestive of rectal malignancy, but biopsies from rectal mass did not reveal malignancy...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584902/quantitative-trait-loci-analysis-of-melon-cucumis-melo-l-domestication-related-traits
#3
Aurora Díaz, Ana Montserrat Martín-Hernández, Ramón Dolcet-Sanjuan, Ana Garcés-Claver, José María Álvarez, Jordi Garcia-Mas, Belén Picó, Antonio José Monforte
Loci on LGIV, VI, and VIII of melon genome are involved in the control of fruit domestication-related traits and they are candidate to have played a role in the domestication of the crop. The fruit of wild melons is very small (20-50 g) without edible pulp, contrasting with the large size and high pulp content of cultivated melon fruits. An analysis of quantitative trait loci (QTL) controlling fruit morphology domestication-related traits was carried out using an in vitro maintained F2 population from the cross between the Indian wild melon "Trigonus" and the western elite cultivar 'Piel de Sapo'...
June 5, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580022/value-personality-link-measured-with-novel-instruments-developed-with-an-emic-perspective
#4
Suna Tevrüz, Tülay Turgut, Murat Çinko
The first aim of this study is to investigate whether instruments developed with an emic approach in Turkey produce the same trait-value links obtained with studies using near universal instruments, and if emic traits and value concepts are composed under agency and communal conceptions. So, the first aim of this study is to inspect the conceptual similarities in the links between traits and values. The second aim is to examine the moderating effect of disposable income on the strength of the trait-value relationship...
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577539/inguinal-and-anorectal-lymphogranuloma-venereum-a-case-series-from-a-sexually-transmitted-disease-center-in-rome-italy
#5
Alessandra Latini, Mauro Zaccarelli, Maria Grazia Paglia, Maria Gabriella Donà, Amalia Giglio, Domenico Moretto, Antonella Vulcano, Massimo Giuliani, Manuela Colafigli, Marina Ambrifi, Fulvia Pimpinelli, Antonio Cristaudo
BACKGROUND: Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a sexually transmitted infection caused by L1, L2, L3 serovars of C. trachomatis (CT). Since 2003, LGV cases have been increasing in Europe. Aim of this report is to describe the LGV cases diagnosed in the largest STI center in Rome, Italy, from 2000 to 2016. This report shows that two clinically and epidemiologically different series of cases exist, and that, at present, the ano-rectal LGV represents the clinical variant occurring more frequently among men having sex with men (MSM), particularly those HIV-infected...
June 2, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562672/rapid-detection-and-strain-typing-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-using-a-highly-multiplexed-microfluidic-pcr-assay
#6
Rosemary S Turingan, Ludmila Kaplun, Greice Krautz-Peterson, Sarah Norsworthy, Anna Zolotova, Sandeep J Joseph, Timothy D Read, Deborah Dean, Eugene Tan, Richard F Selden
Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) are recommended by the CDC for detection of Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) urogenital infections. Current commercial NAATs require technical expertise and sophisticated laboratory infrastructure, are time-consuming and expensive, and do not differentiate the lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) strains that require a longer duration of treatment than non-LGV strains. The multiplexed microfluidic PCR-based assay presented in this work simultaneously interrogates 13 loci to detect Ct and identify LGV and non-LGV strain-types...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442719/chlamydia-trachomatis-neither-exerts-deleterious-effects-on-spermatozoa-nor-impairs-male-fertility
#7
Jenniffer Puerta Suarez, Leonardo R Sanchez, Florencia C Salazar, Hector A Saka, Rosa Molina, Andrea Tissera, Virginia E Rivero, Walter D Cardona Maya, Ruben D Motrich
Chlamydia trachomatis is the most prevalent sexually transmitted bacterial infection. However, whether Chlamydia trachomatis has a negative impact on sperm quality and male fertility is still controversial. Herein, we report the effects on sperm quality of the in vitro exposure of spermatozoa to Chlamydia trachomatis, and also the effects of male genital infection on male fertility using an animal model. Human and mouse sperm were obtained from healthy donors and cauda epididimys from C57BL/6 mice, respectively...
April 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407649/lymphogranuloma-venereum-serovar-l2b-presenting-with-painful-genital-ulceration-an-emerging-clinical-presentation
#8
Roger Haber, Ismaël Maatouk, Bertille de Barbeyrac, Martine Bagot, Michel Janier, Sébastien Fouéré
These 5 cases of atypical inflammatory lymphogranula venereum (LGV) serovar L2b presenting initially with edema and persistent painful ulceration illustrate that clinical manifestations of LGV in the current outbreak in men who have sex with men reflect the influence of both the serovars virulence and the host immune system and are not confined to proctitis. L2b serovar could have a particular high virulence profile, and the need for awareness of LGV as a cause of genital ulceration is crucial.
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397528/skin-diseases-of-the-vulva-infectious-diseases
#9
Freja Lærke Sand, Simon Francis Thomsen
A multitude of infectious diseases of viral (genital herpes, herpes zoster, genital warts and molluscum contagiosum), bacterial (syphilis, chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, donovanosis, erysipelas, cellulitis and necrotising fasciitis, folliculitis, impetigo, bartholin gland abscess, trichomycosis and erythrasma), fungal (candidiasis and dermatophytosis) and parasitic (pediculosis pubis) origin may affect the vulvar area. Herein, we review the infections and their skin manifestations in the vulvar area.
April 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282652/treatment-outcomes-for-rectal-lymphogranuloma-venereum-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-using-doxycycline-azithromycin-or-both-a-review-of-clinical-cases
#10
Charussri Leeyaphan, Jason J Ong, Eric P F Chow, Karolina Dimovski, Fabian Y S Kong, Jane S Hocking, Ben Howden, Melanie Bissessor, Christopher K Fairley, Catriona Bradshaw, Timothy Read, Marcus Chen
Treatment for rectal lymphogranuloma venereum where doxycycline 100 mg twice daily for 21 days was used-either alone or together with azithromycin 1 g single dose-resulted in microbiological cure of 97%. These data support doxycycline 100 mg twice daily for 21 days as the preferred treatment for rectal lymphogranuloma venereum.
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196678/co-infection-by-lymphogranuloma-venereum-and-haemophilus-parainfluenzae-during-an-episode-of-proctitis
#11
Antonio Maria Caballero-Mateos, Mercedes López de Hierro-Ruiz, Mario Rodríguez-Domínguez, Juan Carlos Galán-Montemayor, José Gutiérrez-Fernández
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183394/emergence-of-the-lymphogranuloma-venereum-l2c-genovariant-hungary-2012-to-2016
#12
Fruzsina Petrovay, Eszter Balla, Tímea Erdősi
In eastern Europe, few countries have so far reported laboratory-confirmed cases of lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV). Here we describe 22 LGV cases in men who have sex with men (MSM) detected in Hungary from November 2012 to July 2016. Sequence analyses show that 16 of these 22 cases were affected by the L2c genovariant, with from 2012 to 2014, one LGV L2c case detected per year, followed by seven cases in 2015 and six up to July 2016. Of the 16 total L2c LGV cases, 10 had severe haemorrhagic proctitis. These findings are concerning as cases with this new genovariant among MSM have not been frequently reported in Europe to date...
February 2, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094163/granulomatous-histiocytic-dermatitides
#13
REVIEW
Mark R Wick
Granulomas of the skin may be classified in several ways. They are either infectious or non-infectious in character, and they contain areas of necrobiosis or necrosis, or not. Responsible infectious agents may be mycobacterial, fungal, treponemal, or parasitic organisms, and each case of granulomatous dermatitis should be assessed histochemically for those microbes. In the non-infectious group, examples of necrobiotic or necrotizing granulomas include granuloma annulare; necrobiosis lipoidica; rheumatoid nodule; and lupus miliaris disseminates faciei...
May 2017: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862349/lymphogranuloma-venereum-with-only-proximal-rectal-involvement-mimicking-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-potential-diagnostic-pitfall
#14
LETTER
F Rob, J Kašpírková, K Jůzlová, M Pešta, J Hercogová
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773504/-lymphogranuloma-venereum
#15
E Caumes, N Dupin, M Janier, C Chartier, R Viraben, I Maatouk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695183/lymphogranuloma-venereum-proctitis
#16
Tucker Harrison, Mo Som, Jeff Stroup
We describe a 60-year-old man who presented with rectal pain and bleeding of a month's duration. His presentation was highly suggestive of lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) proctitis. Nucleic acid amplification for chlamydia and gonorrhea via rectal swab revealed evidence supportive of anorectal chlamydia. Treatment with doxycycline resulted in complete resolution of his symptoms.
October 2016: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681919/diagnostic-procedures-to-detect-chlamydia-trachomatis-infections
#17
REVIEW
Thomas Meyer
The intracellular life style of chlamydia and the ability to cause persistent infections with low-grade replication requires tests with high analytical sensitivity to directly detect C. trachomatis (CT) in medical samples. Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) are the most sensitive assays with a specificity similar to cell culture and are considered the method of choice for CT detection. In addition, NAATs can be performed on various clinical specimens that do not depend on specific transport and storage conditions, since NAATs do not require infectious bacteria...
August 5, 2016: Microorganisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620201/conservation-of-extrusion-as-an-exit-mechanism-for-chlamydia
#18
LETTER
Meghan Zuck, Ashley Sherrid, Robert Suchland, Tisha Ellis, Kevin Hybiske
Chlamydiae exit via membrane-encased extrusion or through lysis of the host cell. Extrusions are novel, pathogen-containing structures that confer infectious advantages to Chlamydia, and are hypothesized to promote cell-to-cell spread, dissemination to distant tissues and facilitate immune evasion. The extrusion phenomenon has been characterized for several Chlamydia trachomatis serovars, but a thorough investigation of extrusion for additional clinically relevant C. trachomatis strains and Chlamydia species has yet to be performed...
October 2016: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583686/notes-from-the-field-cluster-of-lymphogranuloma-venereum-cases-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-michigan-august-2015-april-2016
#19
Alex de Voux, James B Kent, Kathryn Macomber, Karen Krzanowski, Dawn Jackson, Tayneata Starr, Sandra Johnson, Deborah Richmond, Lawrence R Crane, Jonathan Cohn, Christopher Finch, Jevon McFadden, Allan Pillay, Cheng Chen, Laurie Anderson, Ellen N Kersh
Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by infection with invasive Chlamydia trachomatis serovars L1-L3 (1). LGV is characterized by inguinal and/or femoral lymphadenopathy, typically following a transient, self-limited genital ulcer or papule that might go unnoticed. Rectal infection can result in proctocolitis that can present with mucoid and/or hemorrhagic rectal discharge, anal pain, constipation, fever, and tenesmus, and signs of granulomas and/or ulcerations on anoscopy (1,2)...
September 2, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513890/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-doxycycline-efficacy-for-rectal-lymphogranuloma-venereum-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#20
Charussri Leeyaphan, Jason J Ong, Eric P F Chow, Fabian Y S Kong, Jane S Hocking, Melanie Bissessor, Christopher K Fairley, Marcus Chen
Rectal lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) has reemerged as a sexually transmitted infection among men who have sex with men (MSM), particularly those who are HIV-positive. We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the efficacy of doxycycline (100 mg 2×/d for 21 days) for rectal LGV in MSM. Nine studies were included: 4 prospective, 4 retrospective, and 1 combined retrospective and prospective. In total, 282 MSM with rectal LGV were included in the studies. All studies reported using nucleic acid amplification tests to assess microbial cure...
October 2016: Emerging Infectious Diseases
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