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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143953/-older-patients-with-a-bipolar-disorder-a-distinctive-group
#1
A Dols, S Schouws
The number of older adults with bipolar disorders is growing and warrants a specific approach. Recommendations, as in the current guideline, are mostly based on research in samples with younger patients or from the United States, as best available evidence.<br/> AIM: To raise awareness of the limitations of the current guidelines for older adults with bipolar disorder.<br/> METHOD: We present a selection of Dutch studies on older adults with bipolar disorder and compared these findings with research done in younger patients or older patients from the United States...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137173/psychiatric-disorders-differently-correlate-with-physical-self-rated-health-across-ethnic-groups
#2
Shervin Assari
In this study, we compared 10 ethnic groups for associations between psychiatric disorders and physical self-rated health (SRH) in the United States. Data came from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001-2003. The study included 7587 non-Latino White, 4746 African American, 1442 Mexican, 1106 other Hispanic, 656 other Asian, 600 Chinese, 577 Cuban, 520 Vietnamese, 508 Filipino, and 495 Puerto Rican individuals. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was used to measure psychiatric disorders, including major depressive disorder (MDD), general anxiety disorder (GAD), social phobia, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), alcohol abuse, and binge eating disorders...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134879/corrigendum
#3
(no author information available yet)
Evans, E.C., Deutsch, N.L., Drake, E., and Bullock, L. (2017). Nurse-Patient Interaction as a Treatment for Antepartum Depression: A Mixed-Methods Analysis. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 23, 347-359. (Original doi: 10.1177/1078390317705449) In the September/October issue of JAPNA the reference for Peplau (1997) was incorrectly listed and cited throughout the paper. This has been updated in the online version. The correct reference should have been: Peplau, H. E. (1952). Interpersonal relations in nursing: A conceptual frame of reference for psychodynamic nursing...
November 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134473/doctor-anonymous-creating-contexts-for-homosexuality-as-mental-illness
#4
Guy Fredrick Glass
In this essay, the author describes how he faced institutionalized homophobia during his psychiatric training, and how he later wrote a play inspired by the life of a gay psychiatrist. Despite Freud's supportive stance, homosexuality aroused the antipathy of American organized psychiatry and psychoanalysis and came to be listed as an illness in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM). Dr. John E. Fryer outed himself as "Dr. H Anonymous" at a 1972 meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, and the next year homosexuality was removed from the DSM...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130695/a-test-of-the-empirical-profile-and-coherence-of-the-dsm-5-psychopathy-specifier
#5
Joshua D Miller, Joanna Lamkin, Jessica L Maples-Keller, Chelsea E Sleep, Donald R Lynam
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5th edition (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) introduced a psychopathy specifier (DSM-5 PS) as part of the Section III diagnostic model of antisocial personality disorder. Designed to capture the construct of fearless dominance/boldness, the DSM-5 PS is assessed on the basis of the presence of low scores on traits of withdrawal and anxiousness, and high scores on attention seeking. These constructs have garnered attention in the past decade but are the subject of substantial debate as to their role in the conceptualization and assessment of psychopathy, given their limited relations to the maladaptive outcomes typically associated with this personality disorder...
November 13, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122040/video-modeling-for-the-development-of-personal-hygiene-skills-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
S Piccin, A Crippa, M Nobile, A Y Hardan, P Brambilla
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder mainly characterised by deficits in social communication as well as by narrow patterns of behaviour and interests (American Psychiatric Association, 2013), often accompanied by language, intellectual and sensory impairments. The severity of these impairments may lead to deficits in the development of daily living activities such as simple meal preparation and feeding, community skills (e.g. buying groceries), personal care (e.g. dressing) and personal hygiene skills (bathing, toileting, hand washing, teeth brushing) needed for independence...
November 10, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120269/the-association-between-racial-discrimination-and-suicidality-among-african-american-adolescents-and-young-adults
#7
Suraj Arshanapally, Kimberly B Werner, Carolyn E Sartor, Kathleen K Bucholz
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the association between racial discrimination and suicidality (ideation, plan, or attempt) in African American adolescents and young adults (n = 806, mean age = 17.9 years). METHODS: Structured psychiatric phone interviews were conducted in offspring and their mothers in a high-risk alcoholism family study. RESULTS: Logistic regression analyses using offspring own racial discrimination as a predictor revealed elevated odds of suicidality, even after adjusting for correlated psychiatric conditions (OR = 1...
November 9, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119764/-is-burnout-a-syndrome-or-an-occupational-disease-instructions-for-occupational-physicians
#8
Francesco Chirico
Since Herbert Freudenberger described Burnout Syndrome (BOS) in 1974, thousands of scientific papers have been published on this syndrome and this trend does not seem to diminish. After being internationally known as a syndrome characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment in helping professions, its construct has been criticized, questioned, and subjected to profound modifications. To date, however, in Italy and in many other Countries it is not possible to diagnose this syndrome, because World Health Organization, in its last ICD-10, did not indicate any clinical criteria to diagnose it...
September 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112194/genome-wide-association-study-identifies-a-novel-locus-for-cannabis-dependence
#9
A Agrawal, Y-L Chou, C E Carey, D A A Baranger, B Zhang, R Sherva, L Wetherill, M Kapoor, J-C Wang, S Bertelsen, A P Anokhin, V Hesselbrock, J Kramer, M T Lynskey, J L Meyers, J I Nurnberger, J P Rice, J Tischfield, L J Bierut, L Degenhardt, L A Farrer, J Gelernter, A R Hariri, A C Heath, H R Kranzler, P A F Madden, N G Martin, G W Montgomery, B Porjesz, T Wang, J B Whitfield, H J Edenberg, T Foroud, A M Goate, R Bogdan, E C Nelson
Despite moderate heritability, only one study has identified genome-wide significant loci for cannabis-related phenotypes. We conducted meta-analyses of genome-wide association study data on 2080 cannabis-dependent cases and 6435 cannabis-exposed controls of European descent. A cluster of correlated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a novel region on chromosome 10 was genome-wide significant (lowest P=1.3E-8). Among the SNPs, rs1409568 showed enrichment for H3K4me1 and H3K427ac marks, suggesting its role as an enhancer in addiction-relevant brain regions, such as the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and the angular and cingulate gyri...
November 7, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104555/merging-theoretical-models-and-therapy-approaches-in-the-context-of-internet-gaming-disorder-a-personal-perspective
#10
REVIEW
Kimberly S Young, Matthias Brand
Although, it is not yet officially recognized as a clinical entity which is diagnosable, Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) has been included in section III for further study in the DSM-5 by the American Psychiatric Association (APA, 2013). This is important because there is increasing evidence that people of all ages, in particular teens and young adults, are facing very real and sometimes very severe consequences in daily life resulting from an addictive use of online games. This article summarizes general aspects of IGD including diagnostic criteria and arguments for the classification as an addictive disorder including evidence from neurobiological studies...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096779/predicting-persistent-limited-and-delayed-problematic-cannabis-use-in-early-adulthood-findings-from-a-longitudinal-study
#11
Sherika Hill, Lilly Shanahan, E Jane Costello, William Copeland
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk profiles associated with patterns of problematic cannabis use in early adulthood. METHOD: Data came from 1,229 participants in the Great Smoky Mountains Study, a prospective 20-year cohort study from 1993 to 2015 that is representative of western North Carolina with yearly assessments conducted from ages 9 and 16 years, and assessments at ages 19, 21, 26, and 30 years. Patterns of problematic cannabis use (i.e., DSM-5 cannabis use disorder or daily use) in early adulthood included the following: nonproblematic use in late adolescence (ages 19-21) and early adulthood (ages 26-30); limited problematic use in late adolescence only; persistent problematic use in late adolescence and early adulthood; and delayed problematic use in early adulthood only...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093038/internet-gaming-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents
#12
REVIEW
Douglas A Gentile, Kira Bailey, Daphne Bavelier, Jeanne Funk Brockmyer, Hilarie Cash, Sarah M Coyne, Andrew Doan, Donald S Grant, C Shawn Green, Mark Griffiths, Tracy Markle, Nancy M Petry, Sara Prot, Cosette D Rae, Florian Rehbein, Michael Rich, Dave Sullivan, Elizabeth Woolley, Kimberly Young
The American Psychiatric Association recently included Internet gaming disorder (IGD) as a potential diagnosis, recommending that further study be conducted to help illuminate it more clearly. This paper is a summary of the review undertaken by the IGD Working Group as part of the 2015 National Academy of Sciences Sackler Colloquium on Digital Media and Developing Minds. By using measures based on or similar to the IGD definition, we found that prevalence rates range between ∼1% and 9%, depending on age, country, and other sample characteristics...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089977/post-electrical-or-lightning-injury-syndrome-a-proposal-for-an-american-psychiatric-association-s-diagnostic-and-statistical-manual-formulation-with-implications-for-treatment
#13
REVIEW
Christopher J Andrews, Andrew D Reisner, Mary Ann Cooper
In the past, victims of electrical and lightning injuries have been assessed in a manner lacking a systematic formulation, and against ad hoc criteria, particularly in the area of neuropsychological disability. In this manner patients have, for example, only been partially treated, been poorly or incorrectly diagnosed, and have been denied the full benefit of compensation for their injuries. This paper contains a proposal for diagnostic criteria particularly for the neuropsychological aspects of the post injury syndrome...
September 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29088937/telepsychiatry-and-health-technologies-a-guide-for-mental-health-professionalsedited-by-peter-yellowlees-m-b-b-s-m-d-and-jay-h-shore-m-d-m-p-h-washington-d-c-american-psychiatric-association-publishing-2018-400-pp-69-00-paperback
#14
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076856/organization-and-scope-of-the-neuro-psychiatric-unit
#15
(no author information available yet)
Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 through to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but they also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. To this end, From the AJN Archives highlights articles selected to fit today's topics and times...
November 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065382/dsm-models-of-personality-disorders
#16
REVIEW
John M Oldham
Personality disorders have been included in every edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), published by the American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic terms and revisions from the initial DSM to the current one (DSM-5) are described, and the continuing controversies regarding categorical versus dimensional models are reviewed, including a summary of the new Alternative Model for DSM-5 Personality Disorders, in Section III of DSM-5.
September 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019155/succeeding-in-academic-psychiatry-handbook-of-career-development-in-academic-psychiatry-and-behavioral-sciences-edited-by-laura-weiss-roberts-and-donald-m-hilty-american-psychiatric-association-publishing-washington-dc-2017-isbn-978-1-61537-058-0-pp-415-69
#17
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993093/hypersexual-disorder-according-to-the-hypersexual-disorder-screening-inventory-in-help-seeking-swedish-men-and-women-with-self-identified-hypersexual-behavior
#18
Katarina Görts Öberg, Jonas Hallberg, Viktor Kaldo, Cecilia Dhejne, Stefan Arver
INTRODUCTION: The Hypersexual Disorder Screening Inventory (HDSI) was developed by the American Psychiatric Association for clinical screening of hypersexual disorder (HD). AIMS: To examine the distribution of the proposed diagnostic entity HD according to the HDSI in a sample of men and women seeking help for problematic hypersexuality and evaluate some psychometric properties. METHODS: Data on sociodemographics, the HDSI, the Sexual Compulsivity Scale (SCS), and the Cognitive and Behavioral Outcomes of Sexual Behavior were collected online from 16 women and 64 men who self-identified as hypersexual...
October 6, 2017: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990359/ancestry-specific-and-sex-specific-risk-alleles-identified-in-a-genome-wide-gene-by-alcohol-dependence-interaction-study-of-risky-sexual-behaviors
#19
Renato Polimanti, Hongyu Zhao, Lindsay A Farrer, Henry R Kranzler, Joel Gelernter
We previously mapped loci for the genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and genome-wide gene-by-alcohol dependence interaction (GW-GxAD) analyses of risky sexual behaviors (RSB). This study extends those findings by analyzing the ancestry- and sex-specific AD-stratified effects on RSB. We examined the concordance of findings for the AD-stratified GWAS and the GW-GxAD analysis of RSB, with concordance defined as genome-wide significance in one analysis and at least nominal significance in the second analysis...
December 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985876/the-readability-of-psychosocial-wellness-patient-resources-improving-surgical-outcomes
#20
Meredith A Kugar, Adam C Cohen, William Wooden, Sunil S Tholpady, Michael W Chu
BACKGROUND: Patient education is increasingly accessed with online resources and is essential for patient satisfaction and clinical outcomes. The average American adult reads at a seventh grade level, and the National Institute of Health (NIH) and the American Medical Association (AMA) recommend that information be written at a sixth-grade reading level. Health literacy plays an important role in the disease course and outcomes of all patients, including those with depression and likely other psychiatric disorders, although this is an area in need of further study...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
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