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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771555/the-quality-of-assessments-for-childhood-psychopathology-within-a-regional-medical-center
#1
Adam F Sattler, Jarrod M Leffler, Nicole L Harrison, Ewa D Bieber, Joseph J Kosmach, Leslie A Sim, Stephen P H Whiteside
Accurate assessment is essential to implementing effective mental health treatment; however, little research has explored child clinicians' assessment practices in applied settings. The current study thus examines practitioners' use of evidence-based assessment (EBA) instruments (i.e., self-report measures and structured interviews), specificity of identified diagnoses (i.e., use of specific diagnostic labels vs. nonstandardized labels, not otherwise specified [NOS] diagnoses, and adjustment disorder diagnoses), and documentation of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed...
May 17, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757006/continuity-between-dsm-5-section-ii-and-iii-personality-disorders-in-a-dutch-clinical-sample
#2
Irene M J Orbons, Gina Rossi, Roel Verheul, Mirjam J A Schoutrop, Jan L L Derksen, Daniel L Segal, Sebastiaan P J van Alphen
The goal of this study was to evaluate the continuity across the Section II personality disorders (PDs) and the proposed Section III model of PDs in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed. [DSM-5]; American Psychiatric Association, 2013a ). More specifically, we analyzed association between the DSM-5 Section III pathological trait facets and Section II PDs among 110 Dutch adults (M age = 35.8 years, range = 19-60 years) receiving mental health care. We administered the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Disorders to all participants...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746348/homeless-status-postdischarge-health-care-utilization-and-readmission-after-surgery
#3
Ashley Titan, Laura Graham, Amy Rosen, Kamal Itani, Laurel A Copeland, Hillary J Mull, Edith Burns, Joshua Richman, Stefan Kertesz, Tyler Wahl, Melanie Morris, Jeffery Whittle, Gordon Telford, Mark Wilson, Mary Hawn
INTRODUCTION: Homeless Veterans are vulnerable to poor care transitions, yet little research has examined their risk of readmission following inpatient surgery. This study investigates the predictors of surgical readmission among homeless relative to housed Veteran patients. METHODS: Inpatient general, vascular, and orthopedic surgeries occurring in the Veterans Health Administration from 2008 to 2014 were identified. Administrative International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes and Veterans Health Administration clinic stops were used to identify homeless patients...
June 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746190/criterion-a-of-the-ampd-in-hitop
#4
Thomas A Widiger, Bo Bach, Michael Chmielewski, Lee Anna Clark, Colin DeYoung, Christopher J Hopwood, Roman Kotov, Robert F Krueger, Joshua D Miller, Leslie C Morey, Stephanie N Mullins-Sweatt, Christopher J Patrick, Aaron L Pincus, Douglas B Samuel, Martin Sellbom, Susan C South, Jennifer L Tackett, David Watson, Mark H Waugh, Aidan G C Wright, Johannes Zimmermann, R Michael Bagby, David C Cicero, Christopher C Conway, Barbara De Clercq, Anna R Docherty, Nicholas R Eaton, Kelsie T Forbush, J D Haltigan, Masha Y Ivanova, Robert D Latzman, Donald R Lynam, Kristian E Markon, Ulrich Reininghaus, Katherine M Thomas
The categorical model of personality disorder classification in the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed. [DSM-5]; American Psychiatric Association, 2013 ) is highly and fundamentally problematic. Proposed for DSM-5 and provided within Section III (for Emerging Measures and Models) was the Alternative Model of Personality Disorder (AMPD) classification, consisting of Criterion A (self-interpersonal deficits) and Criterion B (maladaptive personality traits)...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745699/maladaptive-personality-traits-and-romantic-relationship-satisfaction-a-monozygotic-co-twin-control-analysis
#5
Sylia Wilson, Irene J Elkins, Jessica L Bair, Victoria C Oleynick, Stephen M Malone, Matt McGue, William G Iacono
The recent inclusion of an alternative model for personality disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013a) highlights the importance of extreme variants of personality for psychopathology. The maladaptive personality traits described in the alternative model comprise 5 higher-order domains and 25 lower-order facets that capture pathological levels of personality. The present report adds to a growing body of research on the implications of maladaptive personality traits for functioning by demonstrating significant associations between each of the higher-order domains (Negative Affect, Detachment, Antagonism, Disinhibition, and Psychoticism) and most of the lower-order facets and lower romantic relationship satisfaction in a population-based sample of 284 monozygotic (MZ) adult twins...
May 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739840/characteristics-of-children-hospitalized-for-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-due-to-conversion-disorder-versus-epilepsy
#6
Sarah K Luthy, Angela F Moss, Michelle R Torok, Lisa McLeod, Karen M Wilson
OBJECTIVES: Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) are a manifestation of conversion disorder among children but can be difficult to distinguish from epilepsy. We sought to identify characteristics that differentiate children with PNES from those with epilepsy. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of children admitted with epilepsy or PNES to 45 children's hospitals from 2004 to 2014. Children with PNES ( n = 399) versus those with epilepsy ( n = 13 241) were compared on demographic and clinical characteristics, testing, treatment, and health care use...
May 8, 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736239/clinical-and-psychological-features-of-children-and-adolescents-diagnosed-with-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-in-a-pediatric-tertiary-care-eating-disorder-program-a-descriptive-study
#7
Megan Cooney, Melissa Lieberman, Tim Guimond, Debra K Katzman
Background: Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) is an eating disorder first described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) [American Psychiatric Association, Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 2013]. Patients with ARFID do not fear gaining weight or have body image distortions. ARFID involves a persistent disturbance in feeding and eating that results in an inability to meet nutritional and/or energy needs with one of the following: weight loss or failure to achieve appropriate weight gain, nutritional deficiency, dependence on enteral feeding or nutritional supplements and significant interference with psychosocial functioning...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733939/ethnic-differences-and-comorbidities-of-909-prurigo-nodularis-patients
#8
Emily Boozalis, Olive Tang, Shivani Patel, Yevgeniy R Semenov, Manuel P Pereira, Sonja Stander, Sewon Kang, Shawn G Kwatra
BACKGROUND: Prurigo Nodularis (PN) is a poorly understood, understudied pruritic dermatosis that reduces quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the demographics and comorbidities associated with PN. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of patients ≥ 18 years old seen at the Johns Hopkins Health System (JHHS) between 12/6/2012-12/6/2017. RESULTS: Over the last five years, 909 patients with PN were seen at JHHS. African-American patients were 3...
May 4, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723025/gender-differences-in-associations-between-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-clusters-and-functional-impairment-in-war-veterans
#9
Eric C Meyer, Brian Konecky, Nathan A Kimbrel, Bryann B DeBeer, Brian P Marx, Jeremiah Schumm, Walter E Penk, Suzy Bird Gulliver, Sandra B Morissette
Understanding the links between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and functional impairment is essential for assisting veterans in transitioning to civilian life. Moreover, there may be differences between men and women in the relationships between PTSD symptoms and functional impairment. However, no prior studies have examined the links between functional impairment and the revised symptom clusters as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed. (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) or whether the associations between PTSD symptom clusters and functional impairment differ by gender...
May 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706451/in-search-of-decoding-the-syntax-of-the-bioelements-in-human-hair-a-critical-overview
#10
Berislav Momčilović, Juraj Prejac, Anatoly Viktorovich Skalny, Ninoslav Mimica
The principles and practice of assessing the human body nutritional status or its environmental exposure through hair bioelement analysis are presented; herein the term "bioelements" is used as a common denominator for the major elements, trace elements and ultra-trace elements that are found in the human body. The accumulation of bioelements in the hair followed the statistical Power Law and the resulting sigmoid curve can be zoned into five regions in the ascending order of abundance (Low, Marginal, Adequate, High, and Excessive)...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704416/kleptomania-or-common-theft-diagnostic-and-judicial-difficulties
#11
REVIEW
Justyna Sipowicz, Ryszard Kujawski
First descriptions of kleptomania as a mental disorder date back to the nineteenth century. For the first time, kleptomania as an accompanying symptom rather than a formal diagnosis was included in the classification of psychiatric disorders of the American Psychiatric Association DSM-I in 1952. It was included in the International Classification of Diseases ICD-10 and classified under "habit and impulse disorders". Kleptomania is a serious disorder, as numerous thefts are impulsively carried out, carrying the risk of detection and consequently criminal liability...
February 28, 2018: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701730/prevalence-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-among-children-aged-8-years-autism-and-developmental-disabilities-monitoring-network-11-sites-united-states-2014
#12
Jon Baio, Lisa Wiggins, Deborah L Christensen, Matthew J Maenner, Julie Daniels, Zachary Warren, Margaret Kurzius-Spencer, Walter Zahorodny, Cordelia Robinson Rosenberg, Tiffany White, Maureen S Durkin, Pamela Imm, Loizos Nikolaou, Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp, Li-Ching Lee, Rebecca Harrington, Maya Lopez, Robert T Fitzgerald, Amy Hewitt, Sydney Pettygrove, John N Constantino, Alison Vehorn, Josephine Shenouda, Jennifer Hall-Lande, Kim Van Naarden Braun, Nicole F Dowling
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD). PERIOD COVERED: 2014. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: The Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network is an active surveillance system that provides estimates of the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among children aged 8 years whose parents or guardians reside within 11 ADDM sites in the United States (Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Georgia, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Wisconsin)...
April 27, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693592/ethnic-variations-in-psychosocial-and-health-correlates-of-eating-disorders
#13
Shervin Assari, Mariana R DeFreitas
The aim of this study is to explore ethnic variations in psychosocial and health correlates of eating disorders in the United States, Specifically, we compared associations between gender, socioeconomic status (SES), body mass index (BMI), physical and mental self-rated health (SRH), and major depressive disorder (MDD) with eating disorders (EDs) across 10 different ethnic groups in the United States. Data was obtained from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), a national household probability sample collected in 2001⁻2003...
April 25, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690595/high-income-protects-whites-but-not-african-americans-against-risk-of-depression
#14
Shervin Assari
Background: Built on the Blacks’ diminished return theory, defined as smaller effects of socioeconomic status (SES) on a wide range of health outcomes for African Americans compared to Whites, the current study compared African Americans and Whites for the association between household income and risk of lifetime, 12-month, and 30-day major depressive disorder (MDD). Methods: For the current cross-sectional study, we used data from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001⁻2003...
April 23, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667523/irritability-externalizing-and-internalizing-psychopathology-in-adolescence-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-associations-and-moderation-by-sex
#15
Kathryn L Humphreys, Sophie N F Schouboe, Katharina Kircanski, Ellen Leibenluft, Argyris Stringaris, Ian H Gotlib
Irritability is a common feature of many psychiatric disorders, including both externalizing and internalizing disorders. There is little research, however, examining associations between irritability and these symptom domains, particularly during the important developmental period of adolescence, characterized by sex differences in the prevalence of disorders. We examined the cross-sectional associations between irritability, measured with the Affective Reactivity Index, and symptoms of externalizing and internalizing domains of psychopathology, measured with the Youth Self Report, in a volunteer community sample (N = 183) of 9- to 13-year-old (M = 11...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660813/impact-of-psychiatric-illness-on-decreased-survival-in-elderly-patients-with-bladder-cancer-in-the-united-states
#16
Usama Jazzar, Shan Yong, Zachary Klaassen, Jinhai Huo, Byron D Hughes, Edgar Esparza, Hemalkumar B Mehta, Simon P Kim, Douglas S Tyler, Stephen J Freedland, Ashish M Kamat, Dwight V Wolf, Stephen B Williams
BACKGROUND: Treatments for muscle-invasive bladder cancer are multimodal, complex, and often carry significant risks of physical and psychological morbidity. The objectives of this study were to define the incidence and types of psychiatric illnesses diagnosed after treatment and to determine their impact on survival outcomes. METHODS: In total, 3709 patients who were diagnosed with clinical stage T2 through T4a bladder cancer from January 1, 2002, to December 31, 2011, from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare were analyzed...
April 16, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660059/menthol-cigarette-use-in-young-adult-smokers-with-severe-mental-illnesses
#17
Mary F Brunette, Joelle C Ferron, Pamela Geiger, Andrea C Villanti
Introduction: Smokers with severe mental illness (SMI) are more likely to start smoking and less likely to quit. Menthol may facilitate smoking progression, dependence and maintenance by reducing harshness and irritation from smoking and providing a unique sensory experience during use. High rates of menthol use have been reported in smokers with SMI, but information on young adults with SMI has not been reported. Methods: This study provides a secondary analysis to assess the impact of menthol use in a pilot trial of brief tobacco interventions...
April 12, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655375/association-between-traumatic-stress-load-psychopathology-and-cognition-in-the-philadelphia-neurodevelopmental-cohort
#18
Ran Barzilay, Monica E Calkins, Tyler M Moore, Daniel H Wolf, Theodore D Satterthwaite, J Cobb Scott, Jason D Jones, Tami D Benton, Ruben C Gur, Raquel E Gur
BACKGROUND: Traumatic stressors during childhood and adolescence are associated with psychopathology, mostly studied in the context of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. We investigated broader associations of traumatic stress exposure with psychopathology and cognition in a youth community sample. METHODS: The Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort (N = 9498) is an investigation of clinical and neurobehavioral phenotypes in a diverse (56% Caucasian, 33% African American, 11% other) US youth community population (aged 8-21)...
April 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626292/faculty-development-for-teaching-faculty-in-psychiatry-where-we-are-and-what-we-need
#19
Sallie G De Golia, Consuelo C Cagande, Mary S Ahn, Lisa M Cullins, Art Walaszek, Deborah S Cowley
OBJECTIVE: A Faculty Development Task Force surveyed the American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training membership to assess faculty development for graduate medical education faculty in psychiatry departments and barriers to seeking graduate medical education careers. METHODS: An anonymous Survey Monkey survey was emailed to 722 American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training members. The survey included questions about demographics, the current state of faculty development offerings within the respondent's psychiatry department and institution, and potential American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training faculty development programming...
April 6, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606034/internet-gaming-disorder-an-emergent-health-issue-for-men
#20
Kevin H Chen, John L Oliffe, Mary T Kelly
Internet gaming is a legitimate leisure activity worldwide; however, there are emerging concerns that vast numbers of gamers are becoming addicted. In 2013, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) classified Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) as a condition warranting more clinical research ahead of formalizing it as a mental disorder. Proposed as a behavioral addiction, IGD shares many similarities in both physical and psychosocial manifestations with substance use disorder, including cerebral changes on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
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