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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930768/a-6-month-prospective-trial-of-a-personalized-behavioral-intervention-long-acting-injectable-antipsychotic-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia-at-risk-of-treatment-nonadherence-and-homelessness
#1
Martha Sajatovic, Luis F Ramirez, Edna Fuentes-Casiano, Jamie Cage, Curtis Tatsuoka, Michelle E Aebi, Ashley Bukach, Kristin A Cassidy, Jennifer B Levin
PURPOSE: Long-acting injectable antipsychotics (LAI) can optimize adherence for high-risk serious mental illness (SMI). This customized adherence-enhancement approach delivered by social worker interventionists was combined with LAI (CAE-L) of paliperidone palmitate for homeless, poorly adherent individuals with SMI. METHODS: This 6-month prospective, uncontrolled trial of CAE-L in 30 recently homeless individuals with SMI assessed adherence using the Tablets Routine Questionnaire, injection frequency, and SMI symptoms measured by the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, and Clinical Global Impressions...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913713/ethnic-groups-differ-in-how-poor-self-rated-mental-health-reflects-psychiatric-disorders
#2
Shervin Assari
AIM: This study aimed to explore cross-ethnic variation in the pattern of the associations between psychiatric disorders and self-rated mental health (SRMH) in the USA. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001-2003, a national household probability sample. The study enrolled 18,237 individuals who were either Non-Hispanic White (n = 7587), African American (n = 4746), Mexican (n = 1442), Cuban (n = 577), Puerto Rican (n = 495), Other Hispanic (n = 1106), Vietnamese (n = 520), Filipino (n = 508), Chinese (n = 600) or Other Asian (n = 656)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876380/portuguese-and-brazilian-guidelines-for-the-treatment-of-depression-exercise-as-medicine
#3
Lara F Carneiro, Maria P Mota, Felipe Schuch, Andrea Deslandes, José Vasconcelos-Raposo
Depression is a psychiatric disorder and major contributor to the burden of disease worldwide. The strength of evidence of the benefits of exercise as a therapeutic intervention for patients with depression has expanded in the last 30 years. In fact, the available evidence indicates exercise can not only help manage depressive symptoms, but also effect significant improvements in other health outcomes. Clinical guidelines including such recommendations have been issued by different agencies, namely the UK National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE), the American Psychiatric Association (APA), and the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists (RANZCP)...
August 30, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865428/psychosocial-stressors-contributing-to-emergency-psychiatric-service-utilization-in-a-sample-of-ethno-culturally-diverse-clients-with-psychosis-in-toronto
#4
Martin Rotenberg, Andrew Tuck, Kwame McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Understanding the psychosocial stressors of people with psychoses from minority ethnic groups may help in the development of culturally appropriate services. This study aimed to compare psychosocial factors associated with attendance at an emergency department (ED) for six ethnic groups. Preventing crises or supporting people better in the community may decrease hospitalization and improve outcomes. METHOD: A cohort was created by retrospective case note analysis of people of East-Asian, South-Asian, Black-African, Black-Caribbean, White-North American and White-European origin groups attending a specialized psychiatric ED in Toronto with a diagnosis of psychosis between 2009 and 2011...
September 2, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859560/topectomy-versus-leukotomy-j-lawrence-pool-s-contribution-to-psychosurgery
#5
Ryan Holland, David Kopel, Peter W Carmel, Charles J Prestigiacomo
Surgery of the mind has a rather checkered past. Though its history begins with the prehistoric trephination of skulls to allow "evil spirits" to escape, the early- to mid-20th century saw a surge in the popularity of psychosurgery. The 2 prevailing operations were topectomy and leukotomy for the treatment of certain mental illnesses. Although they were modified and refined by several of their main practitioners, the effectiveness of and the ethics involved with these operations remained controversial. In 1947, Dr...
September 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840931/parent-child-relationships-implementation-of-a-screening-and-referral-program-for-adolescents-with-mood-disorders
#6
Bryson C Okeoma
Parent-child relational problems (PCRP) have been increasingly recognized as a risk factor in the development and/or progression of childhood mental illnesses. Despite many young individuals being at risk, health care providers do not specifically screen for PCRP in children diagnosed with mental illnesses. The objective of the current project was to implement a PCRP screening program in a metropolitan children's hospital and refer those with PCRP for treatment. Adolescents ages 10 to 17 presenting for admission in an inpatient pediatric psychiatric unit were screened with the PCRP semi-structured questionnaire and diagnostic criteria developed by the American Psychiatric Association's Relational Processes Workgroup...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837728/how-stuttering-develops-the-multifactorial-dynamic-pathways-theory
#7
Anne Smith, Christine Weber
Purpose: We advanced a multifactorial, dynamic account of the complex, nonlinear interactions of motor, linguistic, and emotional factors contributing to the development of stuttering. Our purpose here is to update our account as the multifactorial dynamic pathways theory. Method: We review evidence related to how stuttering develops, including genetic/epigenetic factors; motor, linguistic, and emotional features; and advances in neuroimaging studies. We update evidence for our earlier claim: Although stuttering ultimately reflects impairment in speech sensorimotor processes, its course over the life span is strongly conditioned by linguistic and emotional factors...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828027/psychological-features-of-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-report-of-four-cases
#8
Yaser Jenab, Seyedeh Roghaieh Hashemi, Neda Ghaffari-Marandi, Hoda Zafarghandi, Nazila Shahmansouri
Takotsubo or stress-induced cardiomyopathy is a cardiomyopathy in which the patient has a sudden onset, reversible left ventricular systolic dysfunction without any significant coronary artery disease. Four women, who were at a mean age of 64 years and suffered from chest pain exacerbated by emotional stress, were admitted as cases of acute coronary syndrome and were completely evaluated through precise history taking, physical examination, and ECG. Coronary angiography or coronary multidetector computed tomography was used to exclude significant coronary artery disease...
April 2017: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818121/different-places-different-ideas-reimagining-practice-in-american-psychiatric-nursing-after-world-war-ii
#9
Kylie M Smith
In 1952, Hildegard Peplau published her textbook Interpersonal Relations in Nursing: A Conceptual Frame of Reference for Psychodynamic Nursing. This was the same year the American Psychiatric Association (APA) published the first edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (1st ed.; DSM-I; APA). These events occurred in the context of a rapidly changing policy and practice environment in the United States after World War II, where the passing of the National Mental Health Act in 1946 released vast amounts of funding for the establishment of the National Institute of Mental Health and the development of advanced educational programs for the mental health professions including nursing...
January 1, 2018: Nursing History Review: Official Journal of the American Association for the History of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812287/racial-discrimination-and-mental-health-in-the-usa-testing-the-reverse-racism-hypothesis
#10
Bongki Woo
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined whether the health disadvantages consequent of racial discrimination experienced by four racial/ethnic minority groups are equivalent with that of the dominant racial group. METHOD: Data was derived from the 2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Logistic regression and heterogeneous choice models were used to test the moderating role of race/ethnicity in regards to the associations between racial discrimination and ten DSM-V diagnoses...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805152/comparing-the-prevalence-and-the-risk-profile-for-antenatal-depressive-symptoms-across-cultures
#11
Irene E Corbani, Paola Rucci, Elena Iapichino, Marta Quartieri Bollani, Gilla Cauli, Mara R Ceruti, Costanzo Gala, Mariano Bassi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although several studies have analyzed the risk factors of antenatal and post-partum depression, evidence on the prevalence and the risk profile for antenatal depressive symptoms (ADS) between native-born and different groups of non-native born women living in the same country is scant. The aim of this article is to compare the prevalence and the risk profile for ADS across geographical areas in women recruited from two large hospitals of North-western Italy. METHOD: The presence of ADS was defined as an Edinburgh Post-natal Depression Scale (EPDS) score ≥12 or a Beck Depression Inventory, Short Form (BDI-SF) score ≥9 or the presence of suicidal ideation/behavior...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797526/psychotic-experiences-and-disability-findings-from-the-collaborative-psychiatric-epidemiology-surveys
#12
Hans Oh, Ai Koyanagi, Ian Kelleher, Jordan DeVylder
Psychotic experiences are associated with a number of poor clinical outcomes, including multimorbid psychopathology, suicidal behavior, and poor treatment response. We wished to investigate the relationship between psychotic experiences and disability, including the following domains: cognition, mobility, self-care, social interaction, role functioning, and days out of role. We used three nationally representative and racially/ethnically diverse samples of the general US adult population: the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R), the National Latino and Asian American Survey (NLAAS), and the National Survey of American Life (NSAL)...
August 7, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782982/sleep-continuity-architecture-and-quality-among-treatment-seeking-cannabis-users-an-in-home-unattended-polysomnographic-study
#13
Lauren R Pacek, Evan S Herrmann, Michael T Smith, Ryan Vandrey
The objective of the study was to describe self-report and objectively measured sleep characteristics of adult treatment-seeking cannabis users. Study participants (n = 87) were adults who were screened for a 12-week outpatient cannabis treatment research program in Baltimore, MD. Participants completed objective and self-report measures of sleep quality. Data were analyzed for the sample overall and after stratifying by sex (54 men, 33 women). Participants were primarily urban, socioeconomically disadvantaged African Americans...
August 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764291/impact-of-alcohol-dependency-on-oral-health-a-cross-sectional-comparative-study
#14
Kakarla Priyanka, Kudlur Maheswarappa Sudhir, V Chandra Sekhara Reddy, Rvs Krishna Kumar, G Srinivasulu
INTRODUCTION: Alcoholism is a chronic and progressive psychiatric illness characterised by a loss of control over alcohol consumption. Consumption of alcohol inevitably affects the oral cavity, oral mucosa and teeth. Literature indicates that alcohol dependents may have increased risk of dental caries, probing pocket depth and mucosal lesions. AIM: To assess the impact of alcohol dependency on oral health status among alcoholics in comparison with non alcoholics...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763085/-dr-ra%C3%A3%C2%BAl-gonz%C3%A3-lez-enr%C3%A3-quez-and-the-establishment-of-the-latin-american-psychiatric-association
#15
César Campos-Farfán
At the first World Psychiatry Congress (Paris, 1950), the Mexican doctor Raúl González Enríquez (1906-1952), at his own proposal and motion, created the Latin American Psychiatric Association (APAL), and the next year, between December 8th and 11th, 1951, with two branch offices already established in Mexico City and Jalapa, Veracruz, held the first APAL Congress, attended by delegates from 14 countries. That first Congress and the efforts of the founder have been maliciously dismissed in the annals of Hispanic American psychiatric history; thus, it is necessary to account for the events that passed, with the purpose of reclaiming the commendable work of such a distinguished, internationally renown psychiatrist...
May 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750156/psychiatric-conditions-as-predictors-of-rehospitalization-among-african-american-patients-hospitalized-with-heart-failure
#16
Marvin Louis Roy Lu, Toni Anne De Venecia, Abhinav Goyal, Mary Rodriguez Ziccardi, Napatt Kanjanahattakij, Mahek Kishor Shah, Carlos D Davila, Vincent M Figueredo
INTRODUCTION: African Americans (AAs) have the highest risk of developing heart failure (HF) among all ethnicities in the United States and are associated with higher rates of readmissions and mortality. This study aims to determine the prevalence and relationship of common psychiatric conditions to outcomes of patients hospitalized with HF. HYPOTHESIS: Psychiatric conditions lead to worse outcomes in HF patients. METHODS: This single-center retrospective study enrolled 611 AA patients admitted to an urban teaching community hospital for HF from 2010 to 2013...
July 27, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748728/experiences-and-attitudes-among-psychiatric-mental-health-advanced-practice-nurses-in-the-use-of-telemental-health-results-of-an-online-survey
#17
Martha B Baird, Lucinda Whitney, Cassie E Caedo
BACKGROUND: Telemental health (TMH) growth is driven by recent trends in health delivery systems and disparities in access to mental health services. There are currently no standard educational guidelines to prepare psychiatric mental health advanced practice nurses (PMH-APRNs) in TMH delivery. OBJECTIVE: To survey practicing PMH-APRNs across the United States about their experiences and attitudes about use of TMH. DESIGN: Eighty-three participants from the American Psychiatric Nurses Association online discussion board completed a nine-item survey...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742290/infant-related-intrusive-thoughts-of-harm-in-the-postpartum-period-a-critical-review
#18
Elke C Brok, Patricia Lok, Desiree B Oosterbaan, Aart H Schene, Indira Tendolkar, Philip F van Eijndhoven
BACKGROUND: Besides the expected warm and joyful thoughts, a new mother can be disturbed by sudden frightening thoughts or images of harm done to her baby: harming intrusions, an obsessive phenomenon. Its high prevalence and possible consequences in functioning and in mother-child bonding makes it desirable that clinicians are well informed regarding the current state of knowledge about harming intrusions. OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive review of all studies that have investigated harming intrusions in postpartum women...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736421/pathological-disabled-transgender-the-ethics-history-laws-and-contradictions-in-models-that-best-serve-transgender-rights
#19
Lance Wahlert, Sabrina Gill
This article addresses the precarious place of transgender and gender non-cis persons in relation to their discrimination-protections in recent legal, medical, and ethical policies in the United States. At present, there exists a contradiction such that trans persons are considered "pathological" enough that they are included in the latest iteration of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-V) as "gender dysphoric," but they are not included in the category of "disabled" under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)...
2017: Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730847/guidelines-for-the-assessment-and-diagnosis-of-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-and-other-psychotic-disorders
#20
Donald Addington, Sabina Abidi, Iliana Garcia-Ortega, William G Honer, Zahinoor Ismail
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to identify best practices in the diagnosis and assessment of patients with schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders. The diagnosis and assessment may occur in a range of situations from the emergency room to the outpatient clinic and at different stages of the disorder. The focus may be on acute exacerbations of illness, residual symptoms, levels of function, or changes in the response to treatment. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted for guidelines published in the last 5 years for schizophrenia and schizophrenia spectrum disorders...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
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