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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812287/racial-discrimination-and-mental-health-in-the-usa-testing-the-reverse-racism-hypothesis
#1
Bongki Woo
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined whether the health disadvantages consequent of racial discrimination experienced by four racial/ethnic minority groups are equivalent with that of the dominant racial group. METHOD: Data was derived from the 2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Logistic regression and heterogeneous choice models were used to test the moderating role of race/ethnicity in regards to the associations between racial discrimination and ten DSM-V diagnoses...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805152/comparing-the-prevalence-and-the-risk-profile-for-antenatal-depressive-symptoms-across-cultures
#2
Irene E Corbani, Paola Rucci, Elena Iapichino, Marta Quartieri Bollani, Gilla Cauli, Mara R Ceruti, Costanzo Gala, Mariano Bassi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although several studies have analyzed the risk factors of antenatal and post-partum depression, evidence on the prevalence and the risk profile for antenatal depressive symptoms (ADS) between native-born and different groups of non-native born women living in the same country is scant. The aim of this article is to compare the prevalence and the risk profile for ADS across geographical areas in women recruited from two large hospitals of North-western Italy. METHOD: The presence of ADS was defined as an Edinburgh Post-natal Depression Scale (EPDS) score ≥12 or a Beck Depression Inventory, Short Form (BDI-SF) score ≥9 or the presence of suicidal ideation/behavior...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797526/psychotic-experiences-and-disability-findings-from-the-collaborative-psychiatric-epidemiology-surveys
#3
Hans Oh, Ai Koyanagi, Ian Kelleher, Jordan DeVylder
Psychotic experiences are associated with a number of poor clinical outcomes, including multimorbid psychopathology, suicidal behavior, and poor treatment response. We wished to investigate the relationship between psychotic experiences and disability, including the following domains: cognition, mobility, self-care, social interaction, role functioning, and days out of role. We used three nationally representative and racially/ethnically diverse samples of the general US adult population: the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R), the National Latino and Asian American Survey (NLAAS), and the National Survey of American Life (NSAL)...
August 7, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782982/sleep-continuity-architecture-and-quality-among-treatment-seeking-cannabis-users-an-in-home-unattended-polysomnographic-study
#4
Lauren R Pacek, Evan S Herrmann, Michael T Smith, Ryan Vandrey
The objective of the study was to describe self-report and objectively measured sleep characteristics of adult treatment-seeking cannabis users. Study participants (n = 87) were adults who were screened for a 12-week outpatient cannabis treatment research program in Baltimore, MD. Participants completed objective and self-report measures of sleep quality. Data were analyzed for the sample overall and after stratifying by sex (54 men, 33 women). Participants were primarily urban, socioeconomically disadvantaged African Americans...
August 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764291/impact-of-alcohol-dependency-on-oral-health-a-cross-sectional-comparative-study
#5
Kakarla Priyanka, Kudlur Maheswarappa Sudhir, V Chandra Sekhara Reddy, Rvs Krishna Kumar, G Srinivasulu
INTRODUCTION: Alcoholism is a chronic and progressive psychiatric illness characterised by a loss of control over alcohol consumption. Consumption of alcohol inevitably affects the oral cavity, oral mucosa and teeth. Literature indicates that alcohol dependents may have increased risk of dental caries, probing pocket depth and mucosal lesions. AIM: To assess the impact of alcohol dependency on oral health status among alcoholics in comparison with non alcoholics...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763085/-dr-ra%C3%A3%C2%BAl-gonz%C3%A3-lez-enr%C3%A3-quez-and-the-establishment-of-the-latin-american-psychiatric-association
#6
César Campos-Farfán
At the first World Psychiatry Congress (Paris, 1950), the Mexican doctor Raúl González Enríquez (1906-1952), at his own proposal and motion, created the Latin American Psychiatric Association (APAL), and the next year, between December 8th and 11th, 1951, with two branch offices already established in Mexico City and Jalapa, Veracruz, held the first APAL Congress, attended by delegates from 14 countries. That first Congress and the efforts of the founder have been maliciously dismissed in the annals of Hispanic American psychiatric history; thus, it is necessary to account for the events that passed, with the purpose of reclaiming the commendable work of such a distinguished, internationally renown psychiatrist...
May 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750156/psychiatric-conditions-as-predictors-of-rehospitalization-among-african-american-patients-hospitalized-with-heart-failure
#7
Marvin Louis Roy Lu, Toni Anne De Venecia, Abhinav Goyal, Mary Rodriguez Ziccardi, Napatt Kanjanahattakij, Mahek Kishor Shah, Carlos D Davila, Vincent M Figueredo
INTRODUCTION: African Americans (AAs) have the highest risk of developing heart failure (HF) among all ethnicities in the United States and are associated with higher rates of readmissions and mortality. This study aims to determine the prevalence and relationship of common psychiatric conditions to outcomes of patients hospitalized with HF. HYPOTHESIS: Psychiatric conditions lead to worse outcomes in HF patients. METHODS: This single-center retrospective study enrolled 611 AA patients admitted to an urban teaching community hospital for HF from 2010 to 2013...
July 27, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748728/experiences-and-attitudes-among-psychiatric-mental-health-advanced-practice-nurses-in-the-use-of-telemental-health-results-of-an-online-survey
#8
Martha B Baird, Lucinda Whitney, Cassie E Caedo
BACKGROUND: Telemental health (TMH) growth is driven by recent trends in health delivery systems and disparities in access to mental health services. There are currently no standard educational guidelines to prepare psychiatric mental health advanced practice nurses (PMH-APRNs) in TMH delivery. OBJECTIVE: To survey practicing PMH-APRNs across the United States about their experiences and attitudes about use of TMH. DESIGN: Eighty-three participants from the American Psychiatric Nurses Association online discussion board completed a nine-item survey...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742290/infant-related-intrusive-thoughts-of-harm-in-the-postpartum-period-a-critical-review
#9
Elke C Brok, Patricia Lok, Desiree B Oosterbaan, Aart H Schene, Indira Tendolkar, Philip F van Eijndhoven
BACKGROUND: Besides the expected warm and joyful thoughts, a new mother can be disturbed by sudden frightening thoughts or images of harm done to her baby: harming intrusions, an obsessive phenomenon. Its high prevalence and possible consequences in functioning and in mother-child bonding makes it desirable that clinicians are well informed regarding the current state of knowledge about harming intrusions. OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive review of all studies that have investigated harming intrusions in postpartum women...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736421/pathological-disabled-transgender-the-ethics-history-laws-and-contradictions-in-models-that-best-serve-transgender-rights
#10
Lance Wahlert, Sabrina Gill
This article addresses the precarious place of transgender and gender non-cis persons in relation to their discrimination-protections in recent legal, medical, and ethical policies in the United States. At present, there exists a contradiction such that trans persons are considered "pathological" enough that they are included in the latest iteration of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-V) as "gender dysphoric," but they are not included in the category of "disabled" under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)...
2017: Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730847/guidelines-for-the-assessment-and-diagnosis-of-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-and-other-psychotic-disorders
#11
Donald Addington, Sabina Abidi, Iliana Garcia-Ortega, William G Honer, Zahinoor Ismail
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to identify best practices in the diagnosis and assessment of patients with schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders. The diagnosis and assessment may occur in a range of situations from the emergency room to the outpatient clinic and at different stages of the disorder. The focus may be on acute exacerbations of illness, residual symptoms, levels of function, or changes in the response to treatment. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted for guidelines published in the last 5 years for schizophrenia and schizophrenia spectrum disorders...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711797/symptom-severity-and-disability-in-psychiatric-disorders-the-u-s-collaborative-psychiatric-epidemiology-survey
#12
R García-Velázquez, M Jokela, T H Rosenström
BACKGROUND: While most psychiatric diagnoses are based on simple counts of symptoms, some symptoms may be sign of a more severe mental syndrome than others. This calls for validated estimates of the relative severity specific symptoms imply within a disorder. We focused on four diagnostic disorders: Manic Episode (ME), Major Depressive Episode (MDE), Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). Symptom-specific severity parameters were estimated, and validated by examining their association with levels of self-reported disability in daily activities over and above the number of symptoms...
November 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691844/the-impact-of-acute-stress-on-the-neural-processing-of-food-cues-in-bulimia-nervosa-replication-in-two-samples
#13
Brittany Collins, Lauren Breithaupt, Jennifer E McDowell, L Stephen Miller, James Thompson, Sarah Fischer
The impact of acute stress on the neural processing of food cues in bulimia nervosa (BN) is unknown, despite theory that acute stress decreases cognitive control over food and hence increases vulnerability to environmental triggers for binge eating. Thus, the goals of this manuscript were to explore the impact of acute stress on the neural processing of food cues in BN. In Study 1, 10 women with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) BN and 10 healthy controls participated in an fMRI paradigm examining the neural correlates of visual food cue processing pre and post an acute stress induction...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686560/-hoarding-disorder-in-dsm-5-clinical-description-and-cognitive-approach
#14
L Kalogeraki, I Michopoulos
Hoarding disorder is characterized by difficulty discarding or parting with possessions regardless their actual value as well as, in most cases, persistent acquisition of objects. Possessions are accumulated in large numbers that fill up and clutter active living space to the extent that its intended use is no longer possible resulting to significant functional impairment and/or distress. Saving and difficulty discarding appear to be associated to subjective beliefs about the instrumental, sentimental or intrinsic value of objects...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686559/-attenuated-psychosis-syndrome-a-new-diagnostic-category-for-further-study-in-dsm-5
#15
G Samiotakis, C Kollias, H Lazaratou, D Anagnostopoulos, V Kontaxakis
In recent years an increasing number of studies focus on the issue of early diagnosis and intervention. At the same time, a large number of special service units for early psychosis have been established around the world especially in Australia, USA, UK, Germany etc. Recently, similar units operate in Greece also. The Diagnostic Manual of Mental Disorders of the American Psychiatric Association in its latest edition in 2013 (DSM-5), introduced the category "Attenuated Psychosis Syndrome" (APS) for people with early psychotic experiences in the section: "Conditions for further study '...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686557/the-biopsychosocial-model-40-years-of-application-in-psychiatry
#16
G Papadimitriou
In 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "TheIn 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "Theneed for a new medical model: A challenge for biomedicine", introducing the term Biopsychosocial Model. This model basedon the results of Engel's studies in ulcerative colitis, depression and psychogenic pain, constituted a challenge for biomedicineand the biomedical model...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682528/s-adenosylmethionine-same-for-neuropsychiatric-disorders-a-clinician-oriented-review-of-research
#17
REVIEW
Anup Sharma, Patricia Gerbarg, Teodoro Bottiglieri, Lila Massoumi, Linda L Carpenter, Helen Lavretsky, Philip R Muskin, Richard P Brown, David Mischoulon
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review on S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe) for treatment of neuropsychiatric conditions and comorbid medical conditions. DATA SOURCES: Searches were conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, and Google Scholar databases between July 15, 2015, and September 28, 2016, by combining search terms for SAMe (s-adenosyl methionine or s-adenosyl-l-methionine) with terms for relevant disease states (major depressive disorder, MDD, depression, perinatal depression, human immunodeficiency virus, HIV, Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, dementia, anxiety, schizophrenia, psychotic, 22q11...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673279/pharmacogenetic-evaluation-to-assess-breakthrough-psychosis-with-aripiprazole-long-acting-injection-a-case-report
#18
Seenae Eum, Mark E Schneiderhan, Jacob T Brown, Adam M Lee, Jeffrey R Bishop
BACKGROUND: Given the complex nature of symptom presentation and medication regimens, psychiatric clinics may benefit from additional tools to personalize treatments. Utilizing pharmacogenetic information may be helpful in assessing unique responses to therapy. We report herein a case of wearing-off phenomena during treatment with aripiprazole long-acting injectable (LAI) and a proof of concept strategy of how pharmacogenetic information may be used to assess possible genetic factors and also hypothesize potential mechanisms for further study...
July 3, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666966/aapt-diagnostic-criteria-for-central-neuropathic-pain
#19
Eva Widerström-Noga, John D Loeser, Troels Staehelin Jensen, Nanna Brix Finnerup
Central neuropathic pain, which is pain caused by a lesion or disease of the central somatosensory nervous system, is a serious consequence of spinal cord injury, stroke, multiple sclerosis, and other conditions affecting the central nervous system. A collaborative effort between the Analgesic, Anesthetic, and Addiction Clinical Trial Translations, Innovations, Opportunities, and Networks public-private partnership and the American Pain Society, the Analgesic, Anesthetic, and Addiction Clinical Trial Translations, Innovations, Opportunities, and Networks-American Pain Society Pain Taxonomy (AAPT) initiative, invited a working group to develop diagnostic criteria for central neuropathic pain...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665526/cognitive-emotion-regulation-strategies-associated-with-the-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-criteria
#20
Antonia N Kaczkurkin, Yinyin Zang, Natalie G Gay, Alan L Peterson, Jeffrey S Yarvis, Elisa V Borah, Katherine A Dondanville, Elizabeth A Hembree, Brett T Litz, Jim Mintz, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Edna B Foa
Maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies have been proposed to contribute to the maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Prior work has focused on the relationship between these strategies and PTSD as a whole, rather than on how they are related to each PTSD symptom cluster. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether cognitive emotion regulation strategies are predictive of certain PTSD symptom clusters under the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th ed...
August 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
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