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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421684/navigating-the-rolling-hills-of-justice-mental-disabilities-employment-and-the-evolving-jurisprudence-of-the-americans-with-disabilities-act
#1
Lauren Wylonis, Nina T Wylonis, Robert Sadoff
Mental illness and disability affect millions of individuals yearly in the U.S. The most important legislation protecting the mentally disabled in the workplace in the U.S. over the last half century has been the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and its associated legislation and guidance. Although the employee should first request reasonable accommodation with the employer, evaluation by a mental health professional is one of the initial steps for individuals who report significant psychiatric symptoms that are impairing their functioning at work in the U...
March 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397315/pocket-guide-to-addiction-assessment-and-treatment-petros-levounis-erin-zerbo-rashi-aggarwal-eds-arlington-usa-american-psychiatric-association-publishing-2016-isbn-978-1-58562-512-3-379-pp-paperback-price-us65-00
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394210/validation-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-internet-gaming-disorder-20-test
#3
Nazir S Hawi, Maya Samaha
In recent years, researchers have been trying to shed light on gaming addiction and its association with different psychiatric disorders and psychological determinants. The latest edition version of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) included in its Section 3 Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) as a condition for further empirical study and proposed nine criteria for the diagnosis of IGD. The 20-item Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD-20) Test was developed as a valid and reliable tool to assess gaming addiction based on the nine criteria set by the DSM-5...
April 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391108/mitochondrial-genetic-haplogroups-and-depressive-symptoms-a-large-study-among-people-in-north-america
#4
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Marco Solmi, Alberto Vaona, Jacopo Demurtas, Andre F Carvalho, Ai Koyanagi, Trevor Thompson, Mario Zoratti, Stefania Maggi
BACKGROUND: A possible relationship between mitochondrial haplogroups and psychiatric diseases (e.g. schizophrenia and bipolar disorder) has been postulated, but data regarding depression is still limited. We investigated whether any mitochondrial haplogroup carried a significant higher risk of depressive symptoms in a large prospective cohort of North American people included in the Osteoarthritis Initiative. METHODS: Cross sectional data was derived from the Osteoarthritis Initiative...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378264/the-american-association-for-geriatric-psychiatry-s-scholars-program-a-model-program-for-recruitment-into-psychiatric-subspecialties
#5
Kirsten M Wilkins, Brent Forester, Michelle Conroy, Paul D S Kirwin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368145/response-bias-and-the-personality-inventory-for-dsm-5-contrasting-self-and-informant-report
#6
Lena C Quilty, Nicole Cosentino, R Michael Bagby
Previous research has raised concerns that scores derived from the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013; Krueger, Derringer, Markon, Watson, & Skodol, 2012) may be compromised by response styles such as underreporting or overreporting. The informant-report form of the PID-5 (PID-5-IRF; Markon, Quilty, Bagby, & Krueger, 2013) has been recommended for use when response bias is an assessment concern. The purpose of the current investigation was to evaluate PID-5 and PID-5-IRF scale score elevations across participants exhibiting signs of overreporting or underreporting...
April 3, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343281/using-patterns-of-genetic-association-to-elucidate-shared-genetic-etiologies-across-psychiatric-disorders
#7
Seung Bin Cho, Fazil Aliev, Shaunna L Clark, Amy E Adkins, Howard J Edenberg, Kathleen K Bucholz, Bernice Porjesz, Danielle M Dick
Twin studies indicate that latent genetic factors overlap across comorbid psychiatric disorders. In this study, we used a novel approach to elucidate shared genetic factors across psychiatric outcomes by clustering single nucleotide polymorphisms based on their genome-wide association patterns. We applied latent profile analysis (LPA) to p-values resulting from genome-wide association studies across three phenotypes: symptom counts of alcohol dependence (AD), antisocial personality disorder (ASP), and major depression (MD), using the European-American case-control genome-wide association study subsample of the collaborative study on the genetics of alcoholism (N = 1399)...
March 25, 2017: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341442/risk-factors-for-postoperative-delirium-after-colorectal-operation
#8
Frederik J van der Sluis, Pieter L Buisman, Mark Meerdink, Wouter B Aan de Stegge, Boudewijn van Etten, Geertruida H de Bock, Barbara L van Leeuwen, Robert A Pol
BACKGROUND: A clear understanding of risk factors for postoperative delirium helps in the selection of individuals who might benefit from targeted perioperative intervention. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for postoperative delirium after colorectal operation for malignancy. METHODS: All consecutive patients who underwent elective or emergency operation because of malignancy of the colon, sigmoid, or rectum between 2009 and 2012 were included in this study...
March 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327508/adverse-childhood-experiences-commitment-offense-and-race-ethnicity-are-the-effects-crime-race-and-ethnicity-specific
#9
Matt DeLisi, Justin Alcala, Abdi Kusow, Andy Hochstetler, Mark H Heirigs, Jonathan W Caudill, Chad R Trulson, Michael T Baglivio
Adverse childhood experiences are associated with an array of health, psychiatric, and behavioral problems including antisocial behavior. Criminologists have recently utilized adverse childhood experiences as an organizing research framework and shown that adverse childhood experiences are associated with delinquency, violence, and more chronic/severe criminal careers. However, much less is known about adverse childhood experiences vis-à-vis specific forms of crime and whether the effects vary across race and ethnicity...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321149/family-and-friendship-networks-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-among-african-americans-and-black-caribbeans
#10
Joseph A Himle, Robert Joseph Taylor, Ann W Nguyen, Monnica T Williams, Karen D Lincoln, Harry Owen Taylor, Linda M Chatters
Although there is a large literature on the influence of social support on mental health there is limited research on social support and OCD. This is especially the case for African Americans and Black Caribbeans. This study examines the relationship between family and friendship networks and the prevalence of OCD. The analysis is based on the National Survey of American Life a nationally representative sample of African Americans and Black Caribbeans. Variables included frequency of contact with family and friends, subjective closeness with family and friends, and negative interactions (conflict, criticisms) with family members...
March 2017: Behavior Therapist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316575/personality-factors-and-depressive-configurations-an-exploratory-study-in-an-italian-clinical-sample
#11
Francesca Straccamore, Simona Ruggi, Vittorio Lingiardi, Raffaella Zanardi, Sara Vecchi, Osmano Oasi
Introduction: This study focuses on the relationship between personality configurations and depressive experiences. More specifically, the aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between self-criticism and dependency and personality styles or disorders, exploring the association between personality features and depressive symptoms. The two-configurations model of personality developed by Blatt (2004, 2008) is adopted as a reference point in sharing a valid framework and in understanding the results...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302351/does-a-primary-health-clinic-for-formerly-incarcerated-women-increase-linkage-to-care
#12
Diane S Morse, John L Wilson, James M McMahon, Ann M Dozier, Anabel Quiroz, Catherine Cerulli
OBJECTIVE: This study examined a primary care-based program to address the health needs of women recently released from incarceration by facilitating access to primary medical, mental health, and substance use disorder (SUD) treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Peer community health workers recruited women released from incarceration within the past 9 months into the Women's Initiative Supporting Health Transitions Clinic (WISH-TC). Located within an urban academic medical center, WISH-TC uses cultural, gender, and trauma-specific strategies grounded in the self-determination theory of motivation...
March 13, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300008/prevalence-of-suicide-attempt-and-clinical-characteristics-of-suicide-attempters-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-report-from-the-international-college-of-obsessive-compulsive-spectrum-disorders-icocs
#13
Bernardo Dell'Osso, Beatrice Benatti, Chiara Arici, Carlotta Palazzo, A Carlo Altamura, Eric Hollander, Naomi Fineberg, Dan J Stein, Humberto Nicolini, Nuria Lanzagorta, Donatella Marazziti, Stefano Pallanti, Michael van Ameringen, Christine Lochner, Oguz Karamustafalioglu, Luchezar Hranov, Martijn Figee, Lynne Drummond, Carolyn I Rodriguez, John Grant, Damiaan Denys, Jose M Menchon, Joseph Zohar
OBJECTIVE: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is associated with variable risk of suicide and prevalence of suicide attempt (SA). The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of SA and associated sociodemographic and clinical features in a large international sample of OCD patients. METHODS: A total of 425 OCD outpatients, recruited through the International College of Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders (ICOCS) network, were assessed and categorized in groups with or without a history of SA, and their sociodemographic and clinical features compared through Pearson's chi-squared and t tests...
March 16, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284170/defining-and-measuring-irritability-construct-clarification-and-differentiation
#14
REVIEW
Michael J Toohey, Raymond DiGiuseppe
Irritability is a symptom of 15 disorders in the DSM-5 and is included in Mood Disorders, Addictive Disorders, Personality Disorders, and more (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). However, the term irritability is defined and measured inconsistently in the scholarly literature. In this article, we reviewed the scholarly definitions of irritability and the item content of irritability measures. Components of definitions and items measuring irritability were divided into three categories: a) causes, b) experience, and c) consequences...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273990/neurological-manifestations-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-single-centre-study-from-north-east-india
#15
Sanjeeb Kakati, Bhupen Barman, Sobur U Ahmed, Masaraf Hussain
INTRODUCTION: Neurological manifestations although common in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), are often not recognized due to their diversed and varied presentation. Therefore, the study was planned to highlight the pattern of neurological involvement in SLE to help in early recognition. AIM: To study the pattern of neurological involvement in SLE and its correlation with disease activity and different investigation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This hospital based prospective observational study was carried out from August 2009 to July 2010...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265120/a-genome-wide-gene-by-trauma-interaction-study-of-alcohol-misuse-in-two-independent-cohorts-identifies-prkg1-as-a-risk-locus
#16
R Polimanti, J Kaufman, H Zhao, H R Kranzler, R J Ursano, R C Kessler, J Gelernter, M B Stein
Traumatic life experiences are associated with alcohol use problems, an association that is likely to be moderated by genetic predisposition. To understand these interactions, we conducted a gene-by-environment genome-wide interaction study (GEWIS) of alcohol use problems in two independent samples, the Army STARRS (STARRS, N=16 361) and the Yale-Penn (N=8084) cohorts. Because the two cohorts were assessed using different instruments, we derived separate dimensional alcohol misuse scales and applied a proxy-phenotype study design...
March 7, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260159/emerging-biomarkers-and-screening-for-cognitive-frailty
#17
REVIEW
Qingwei Ruan, Grazia D'Onofrio, Daniele Sancarlo, Antonio Greco, Madia Lozupone, Davide Seripa, Francesco Panza, Zhuowei Yu
Physical frailty and cognitive frailty are two important targets of secondary intervention in aging research to narrow the gap between life and health span. The objective of the present narrative review was to examine clinical and epidemiological studies investigating the recently proposed construct of cognitive frailty and its subtypes, with a focus on operational definitions, clinical criteria, and emerging biomarkers potentially useful for the screening of this novel entity. Both physical frailty and frailty indexes with a multidimensional nature were associated with late-life cognitive impairment/decline, incident dementia, Alzheimer's disease (AD), mild cognitive impairment, vascular dementia, non-AD dementias, and AD pathology proposing cognitive frailty as a clinical entity with cognitive impairment related to physical causes with a potential reversibility...
March 4, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260149/utility-scores-for-different-health-states-related-to-depression-individual-participant-data-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Spyros Kolovos, Judith E Bosmans, Johanna M van Dongen, Birre van Esveld, Dorcas Magai, Annemieke van Straten, Christina van der Feltz-Cornelis, Kirsten M van Steenbergen-Weijenburg, Klaas M Huijbregts, Harm van Marwijk, Heleen Riper, Maurits W van Tulder
OBJECTIVES: Depression is associated with considerable impairments in health-related quality-of-life. However, the relationship between different health states related to depression severity and utility scores is unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether utility scores are different for various health states related to depression severity. METHODS: We gathered individual participant data from ten randomized controlled trials evaluating depression treatments...
March 4, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249076/a-consensus-statement-on-the-use-of-ketamine-in-the-treatment-of-mood-disorders
#19
Gerard Sanacora, Mark A Frye, William McDonald, Sanjay J Mathew, Mason S Turner, Alan F Schatzberg, Paul Summergrad, Charles B Nemeroff
Importance: Several studies now provide evidence of ketamine hydrochloride's ability to produce rapid and robust antidepressant effects in patients with mood and anxiety disorders that were previously resistant to treatment. Despite the relatively small sample sizes, lack of longer-term data on efficacy, and limited data on safety provided by these studies, they have led to increased use of ketamine as an off-label treatment for mood and other psychiatric disorders. Observations: This review and consensus statement provides a general overview of the data on the use of ketamine for the treatment of mood disorders and highlights the limitations of the existing knowledge...
April 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240821/-invited-review-genetic-research-on-alcohol-use-outcomes-in-african-american-populations-a-review-of-the-literature-associated-challenges-and-implications
#20
REVIEW
Danielle M Dick, Peter Barr, Mignonne Guy, Aashir Nasim, Denise Scott
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There have been remarkable advances in understanding genetic influences on complex traits; however, individuals of African descent have been underrepresented in genetic research. METHODS: We review the limitations of existing genetic research on alcohol phenotypes in African Americans (AA) including both twin and gene identification studies, possible reasons for underrepresentation of AAs in genetic research, the implications of the lack of racially diverse samples, and special considerations regarding conducting genetic research in AA populations...
February 27, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
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