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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429345/a-peculiar-case-of-diffuse-hemangiomatosis-of-the-left-hepatic-lobe-in-an-asymptomatic-adult-patient-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
A Guerra, A Infante, E Rinninella, I Spinelli, M A Mazziotti, A M De Gaetano, M Pompili, L Bonomo
We report a rare case of diffuse hepatic hemangiomatosis (DHH) of the left hepatic lobe coexistent with giant hepatic hemangioma and without extra-hepatic involvement in an asymptomatic adult patient. Liver hemangiomas are the most common benign liver tumors. However, DHH without extra-hepatic involvement has rarely been reported in adults. Furthermore, giant hepatic hemangioma coexistent with DHH is even uncommon, although an association between hemangiomatosis and giant hepatic hemangiomas may be supposed...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429115/comparison-of-the-tolerability-of-newly-introduced-childhood-vaccines-in-the-netherlands
#2
Jeanet M Kemmeren, Nicoline At van der Maas, Hester E de Melker
In 2011, the 7-valent conjugated pneumococcal vaccine (PCV7) was replaced by the 10-valent vaccine (PCV10) and universal hepatitis B vaccination has been introduced in the Netherlands. A questionnaire study was conducted to assess the tolerability of DTaP-IPV-Hib + PCV7 (PCV7-cohort), DTaP-IPV-Hib + PCV10 (PCV10-cohort), and DTaP-IPV-Hib-HepB + PCV10 (HepB-cohort). Parents were asked to report in questionnaires local reactions and systemic adverse events (AEs) before and after vaccination of their infant at 2, 3, 4, and 11 months of age...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419905/spontaneous-perforation-of-common-bile-duct-in-a-young-female-an-intra-operative-surprise
#3
Sudhir Kumar Mohanty, Tanmaya Mahapatra, Bharat Kumar Behera, Bidyapati Acharya, Supreet Kumar, Jyoti Ranjan Dash, Dibyasingh Meher, Malaya Ranjan Sarangi, Shiva Prasad Sahoo
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous CBD perforation is one of the rare causes of acute abdomen in infants and extremely rare in adults. It is rarely suspected and correctly diagnosed preoperatively. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 17year old female presented to Emergency Department with sudden onset of pain and distention of abdomen, associated with vomiting and non-passage of flatus and stool for 3days and features of generalized peritonitis. On exploration, a perforation of size 0...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419007/persistence-of-hepatitis-b-immunity-following-3-dose-infant-primary-series-in-hiv-infected-thai-adolescents-and-immunologic-response-to-revaccination
#4
Keswadee Lapphra, Paveena Oungkananukit, Supawan Saihongthong, Wanatpreeya Phongsamart, Orasi Wittawatmongkol, Supattra Rungmaitree, Kulkanya Chokephaibulkit
BACKGROUND: HIV infection may alter immunologic response and the establishment of immune memory to infant hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination. This study aimed to determine the need to revaccinate perinatally HIV-infected Thai adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional serologic tests for HBV, including hepatitis B surface antigen (HBs-Ag), anti-hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs), and anti-hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc) were performed in perinatally HIV-infected adolescents...
April 17, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415981/progress-in-vaccination-towards-hepatitis-b-control-and-elimination-in-the-region-of-the-americas
#5
Alba Maria Ropero Álvarez, Silvia Pérez-Vilar, Carmelita Pacis-Tirso, Marcela Contreras, Nathalie El Omeiri, Cuauhtémoc Ruiz-Matus, Martha Velandia-González
BACKGROUND: Over recent decades, the Region of the Americas has made significant progress towards hepatitis B elimination. We summarize the countries/territories' efforts in introducing and implementing hepatitis B (HB) vaccination and in evaluating its impact on HB virus seroprevalence. METHODS: We collected information about HB vaccination schedules, coverage estimates, and year of vaccine introduction from countries/territories reporting to the Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) through the WHO/UNICEF Joint Reporting Form on Immunization...
April 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408118/a-novel-combined-vaccine-based-on-monochimeric-vlp-co-displaying-multiple-conserved-epitopes-against-enterovirus-71-and-varicella-zoster-virus
#6
Yangtao Wu, Rui Zhu, Longfa Xu, Yongchao Li, Shuxuan Li, Hai Yu, Shaowei Li, Hua Zhu, Tong Cheng, Ningshao Xia
Chicken pox and hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) are two major infectious diseases that mainly affect infants and children, causing significant morbidity annually. Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) and enterovirus 71 (EV71), respectively, are the principal epidemic pathogens causing these two diseases. To investigate the possibility of developing a novel combined vaccine to prevent chicken pox and HFMD, we constructed three chimeric virus-like particles (VLPs) (termed HBc-V/1/2, HBc-2/V/1 and HBc-1/2/V) based on the hepatitis B core antigen (HBc) carrier that display epitopes derived from VZV-gE, EV71-VP1, and EV71-VP2 in a varied tandem manner...
April 10, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407735/telbivudine-treatment-started-in-early-and-middle-pregnancy-completely-blocks-hbv-vertical-transmission
#7
Weihui Sun, Shangfei Zhao, Lei Ma, Anhua Hao, Bo Zhao, Lin Zhou, Fengzhu Li, Mingquan Song
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of treating HBV-positive mothers with telbivudine in early and middle pregnancy to prevent mother-to-infant HBV transmission. METHODS: The subject population comprised pregnant women with chronic hepatitis B (CHB; n = 188) from January 2013 to June 2015, with HBV DNA ≥1.0 × 10(7)copies/mL and increased alanine aminotransferase levels. Groups A (n = 62) and B (n = 61) were treated with telbivudine starting at 12 weeks or 20-28 weeks after gestation, respectively...
April 13, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406735/capture-recapture
#8
Danica E Kuncio, E Claire Newbern, Liyuan Ma, Robbie Madera, Bruce Barlow, S Ginny Robison, Kendra M Viner, Caroline C Johnson
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the capture-recapture method used by the Philadelphia Department of Public Health to enhance surveillance of perinatal hepatitis B virus (HBV), report on results and limitations of the process, and determine why some HBV-positive mother-infant pairs were not initially identified by Philadelphia's Perinatal Hepatitis B Prevention Program (PHBPP). METHODS: We performed capture-recapture retrospectively for births in 2008 and 2009 in Philadelphia and prospectively for births from 2010 to 2014 by independently matching annual birth certificate data to PHBPP and HBV surveillance data...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382681/a-western-style-obesogenic-diet-alters-maternal-metabolic-physiology-with-consequences-for-fetal-nutrient-acquisition-in-mice
#9
Barbara Musial, Owen R Vaughan, Denise S Fernandez-Twinn, Peter Voshol, Susan E Ozanne, Abigail L Fowden, Amanda N Sferruzzi-Perri
KEY POINTS: In the Western world, obesogenic diets containing high fat and high sugar (HFHS) are commonly consumed during pregnancy, although their effects on the metabolism of the mother, in relation to feto-placental glucose utilization and growth, are unknown. In the present study, the consumption of an obesogenic HFHS diet compromised maternal glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in late pregnancy in association with dysregulated lipid and glucose handling by the dam. These maternal metabolic changes induced by HFHS feeding were related to altered feto-placental glucose metabolism and growth...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374906/higher-disappearance-rate-of-anti-hbs-in-taiwanese-freshers-neonatally-vaccinated-with-recombinant-yeast-hepatitis-b-vaccine
#10
Shu-Hua Hsu, An-Hsuan Chih, Yi-Chin Lee, Kuo-Chin Huang, Chyi-Feng Jan
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To compare the long term efficacy of infant recombinant yeast hepatitis B vaccine (Recombinant group) and infant plasma-derived one (Plasma group) in Taiwanese freshers. METHODS: Recruited were a total of 38,377 freshmen who underwent university entrance health examinations from 2003 to 2015. Subjects were assigned into two groups-plasma type and recombinant type, according to the national neonatal hepatitis B immunization program. The seroprevalences of hepatitis B surface antigen, antibody against hepatitis B surface antigen, and antibody against hepatitis B core antigen in each group and gender were calculated...
April 4, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374309/early-and-peri-operative-prognostic-indicators-in-infants-undergoing-hepatic-portoenterostomy-for-biliary-atresia-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Robert N Lopez, Chee Y Ooi, Usha Krishnan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Biliary atresia is the most common indication for liver transplantation among children. In recent years, prospective, multi-centre collaboration has been underway with the aim of providing high-quality data on the natural history of the condition, prior to and following hepatic portoenterostomy. RECENT FINDINGS: There is increasing evidence that specific histological findings, and age, at the time of portoenterostomy have relevance as prognostic indicators...
April 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364348/analysis-of-soluble-factors-in-conditioned-media-derived-from-primary-cultures-of-cirrhotic-liver-of-biliary-atresia
#12
Taisuke Yamazaki, Mariko Wakai, Shin Enosawa, Takayoshi Tokiwa
Biliary atresia (BA) is a rare and serious liver disease in newborn infants. Previously, we reported that non-parenchymal cell (NPC) fractions from cirrhotic liver of BA may contain hepatic stem/progenitor cells in primary culture of NPC fractions. In this study, NPC fractions were subjected to primary or passage culture and found that clusters of hepatocyte-like cells appear even without adding hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) to the culture medium, but not in their passage culture used as a control. Based on these findings, conditioned media (CMs) were collected and soluble factors in the CMs were analyzed in order to elucidate the mechanism of the appearance of hepatocyte-like cells or their clusters...
March 31, 2017: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364132/challenges-in-establishing-genotype-phenotype-correlations-in-arpkd-case-report-on-a-toddler-with-two-severe-pkhd1-mutations
#13
Kathrin Ebner, Claudia Dafinger, Nadina Ortiz-Bruechle, Friederike Koerber, Bernhard Schermer, Thomas Benzing, Jörg Dötsch, Klaus Zerres, Lutz Thorsten Weber, Bodo B Beck, Max Christoph Liebau
BACKGROUND: Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) constitutes an important cause of pediatric end stage renal disease and is characterized by a broad phenotypic variability. The disease is caused by mutations in a single gene, Polycystic Kidney and Hepatic Disease 1 (PKHD1), which encodes a large transmembrane protein of poorly understood function called fibrocystin. Based on current knowledge of genotype-phenotype correlations in ARPKD, two truncating mutations are considered to result in a severe phenotype with peri- or neonatal mortality...
March 31, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355206/hepatic-mdr3-expression-impacts-lipid-homeostasis-and-susceptibility-to-inflammatory-bile-duct-obstruction-in-neonates
#14
Alexandra N Carey, Wujuan Zhang, Kenneth D R Setchell, Julia E Simmons, Tiffany Shi, Celine S Lages, Mary Mullen, Kaitlin Carroll, Rebekah Karns, Kazuhiko Bessho, Rachel Sheridan, Xueheng Zhao, Susanne N Weber, Alexander G Miethke
BACKGROUND: Heterozygous mutations in the gene ABCB4, encoding the phospholipid floppase MDR3 (Mdr2 in mice), are associated with various chronic liver diseases. Here, we hypothesize that reduced ABCB4 expression predisposes to extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA). METHODS: Livers from neonatal wildtype (wt) and heterozygous Mdr2-deficient mice were subjected to mass-spectrometry based lipidomics and RNAseq studies. Following postnatal infection with rhesus rotavirus (RRV), liver immune responses and EHBA phenotype were assessed...
March 29, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353321/breastfeeding-from-mothers-carrying-hbv-would-not-increase-the-risk-of-hbv-infection-in-infants-after-proper-immunoprophylaxis
#15
Feifan Xiao, Aihua Lan, Wentao Mo
BACKGROUND: Previously meta-analysis had different conclusions about the role of breastfeeding in mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of hepatitis B virus (HBV). We aimed to carry out an updated meta-analysis based on current published evidence to explore whether breastfeeding increase the risk of HBV infection from mothers carrying HBV after proper immunoprophylaxis in the infants or not. METHODS: Databases searched from January 1st,2000 to August 1st,2016 included PubMed searching engine, Cochrane Library, Embase database, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP Chinese database, and Wanfang Chinese database...
March 27, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340322/immunogenicity-and-safety-of-primary-and-booster-vaccination-with-2-investigational-formulations-of-diphtheria-tetanus-and-haemophilus-influenzae-type-b-antigens-in-a-hexavalent-dtpa-hbv-ipv-hib-combination-vaccine-in-comparison-with-the-licensed-infanrix-hexa
#16
Timo Vesikari, Luis Rivera, Tiina Korhonen, Anitta Ahonen, Brigitte Cheuvart, Marjan Hezareh, Winnie Janssens, Narcisa Mesaros
Safety and immunogenicity of 2 investigational formulations of diphtheria, tetanus and Haemophilus influenzae type b antigens of the combined diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis-hepatitis B-inactivated poliomyelitis-Hib vaccine (DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib) were evaluated in a Primary (NCT01248884) and a Booster vaccination (NCT01453998) study. In the Primary study, 721 healthy infants (randomized 1:1:1) received 3 doses of DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib formulation A (DATAPa-HBV-IPV/Hib), or B (DBTBPa-HBV-IPV/Hib) or the licensed DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib vaccine (Infanrix hexa, GSK; control group) at 2, 3, 4 months of age...
March 24, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332100/expression-of-programmed-death-1-and-its-ligands-in-the-liver-of-biliary-atresia
#17
Pan-Liang Wang, Jun Wang, Ying Zhou, Xiao-Song Chen, Ke-Jun Zhou, Jie Wen, Jian-Jun Zhang, Wei Cai
BACKGROUND: An aberrant immune response is the predominant pathogenetic factor in biliary atresia (BA). Programmed death-1 (PD-1) and its two ligands, programmed death ligand-1 and programmed death ligand-2 (PD-L1 and PD-L2, respectively) play an important inhibitory role in immune reactions. We aimed to illustrate the expression of these molecules in BA. METHODS: Liver specimens were obtained from infants with BA during the Kasai procedure (early BA) and liver transplantation (late BA)...
March 22, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324053/hepatic-insulin-resistance-and-altered-gluconeogenic-pathway-in-premature-baboons
#18
Lisa McGill-Vargas, Amalia Gastaldelli, Hanyu Liang, Diana Anzueto Guerra, Teresa Johnson-Pais, Steven Seidner, Donald McCurnin, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Ralph DeFronzo, Nicolas Musi, Cynthia Blanco
Premature infants have altered glucose regulation early in life and increased risk for diabetes in adulthood. Although prematurity leads to an increased risk of diabetes and metabolic syndrome in adult life, the role of hepatic glucose regulation and adaptation to an early extra-uterine environment in preterm infants remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate developmental differences in glucose metabolism, hepatic protein content and gene expression of key insulin signaling/gluconeogenic molecules...
January 17, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322417/reduction-of-acute-hepatitis-b-through-vaccina-tion-of-adolescents-with-no-decrease-in-chronic-hepatitis-b-due-to-immigration-in-a-low-ende-micity-country
#19
Jean-Luc Richard, Christian Schaetti, Sabine Basler, Virginie Masserey Spicher
With a hepatitis B prevalence of 0.3%, Switzerland is a country with low endemicity. Unlike most other countries, Switzerland's recommendation for vaccination against hepatitis B has since 1998 focused on adolescents aged 11 to 15 years rather than on infants, in addition to risk groups since 1982. This paper describes the evolution of the incidence of acute hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and newly reported chronic cases in Switzerland, as well as their epidemiological features, in order to discuss the implications for the control of hepatitis B through vaccination...
March 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316268/hepatitis-b-mother-to-child-transmission-and-infants-immunization-we-have-not-come-to-the-end-of-the-story-yet
#20
Guglielmo Borgia, Alberto Enrico Maraolo, Ivan Gentile
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: Infectious Diseases
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