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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324053/hepatic-insulin-resistance-and-altered-gluconeogenic-pathway-in-premature-baboons
#1
Lisa McGill-Vargas, Amalia Gastaldelli, Hanyu Liang, Diana Anzueto Guerra, Teresa Johnson-Pais, Steven Seidner, Donald McCurnin, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Ralph DeFronzo, Nicolas Musi, Cynthia Blanco
Premature infants have altered glucose regulation early in life and increased risk for diabetes in adulthood. Although prematurity leads to an increased risk of diabetes and metabolic syndrome in adult life, the role of hepatic glucose regulation and adaptation to an early extra-uterine environment in preterm infants remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate developmental differences in glucose metabolism, hepatic protein content and gene expression of key insulin signaling/gluconeogenic molecules...
January 17, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316268/hepatitis-b-mother-to-child-transmission-and-infants-immunization-we-have-not-come-to-the-end-of-the-story-yet
#2
Guglielmo Borgia, Alberto Enrico Maraolo, Ivan Gentile
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301267/hypotonic-hyporesponsive-episodes-after-administration-of-hexavalent-dtp-based-combination-vaccine-a-description-of-12-cases
#3
Alessandro Vigo, Giulia Costagliola, Elisa Ferrero, Silvia Noce
Hypotonic-hyporesponsive (HHE) episodes are known and recognized phenomena, which typically occur within 48 hours of immunisation..Our aim is to describe 12 cases of HHE brought to the Center of Pediatric Sleep Medicine, with attention to the clinical features of the episode and their follow-up. Medical charts of infants visited between 2005-2015 were reviewed. Twelve infants showed a HHE using HHE using Brighton Collaboration Criteria. All infants received a Hexavalent diphtheria -tetanus -pertussis acellular component -hepatitis B-,inactivated poliovirus- Haemophilus influenzae type-b conjugate vaccine...
February 21, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292309/elimination-of-hepatitis-b-is-it-a-mission-possible
#4
REVIEW
Tai-Chung Tseng, Jia-Horng Kao
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a global public health issue. Although the disease cannot be cured effectively, disease management has been improved over the past decade. The introduction of potent nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs) to suppress viral replication represented a giant leap in the control of this disease. It has been shown that tenofovir treatment, a potent NA, complements current immunoprophylaxis to diminish mother-to-infant transmission in pregnant women with a high viral load. For patients with chronic HBV infection, quantitative hepatitis B surface antigen is a useful tool to define inactive carriers and to guide antiviral therapy...
March 15, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288067/modified-associating-liver-partition-and-portal-vein-ligation-for-staged-hepatectomy-for-hepatoblastoma-in-a-small-infant-how-far-can-we-push-the-envelope
#5
Johnny C Hong, Joohyun Kim, Meghen Browning, Amy Wagner, Stacee Lerret, Annette D Segura, Michael A Zimmerman
For patients with hepatoblastoma, a timely and complete resection of the tumor is critical to the patient's tumor recurrence-free survival. Associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS), a 2-stage hepatectomy procedure, has revolutionized the surgical management of large hepatic tumors with insufficient future liver remnant (FLR) at presentation. Although existing data support the utility of ALPPS in adults with primary and metastatic hepatobiliary malignancy, the literature in children is scarce...
March 10, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285817/update-on-lysosomal-acid-lipase-deficiency-diagnosis-treatment-and-patient-management
#6
Carmen Camarena, Luis J Aldamiz-Echevarria, Begoña Polo, Miguel A Barba Romero, Inmaculada García, Jorge J Cebolla, Emilio Ros
Lysosomal acid lipase deficiency (LALD) is an ultra-rare disease caused by a congenital disorder of the lipid metabolism, characterized by the deposition of cholesterol esters and triglycerides in the organism. In patients with no enzyme function, the disease develops during the perinatal period and is invariably associated with death during the first year of life. In all other cases, the phenotype is heterogeneous, although most patients develop chronic liver diseases and may also develop an early cardiovascular disease...
March 9, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285330/hepatitis-b-vaccination-status-in-an-at-risk-adult-population-long-term-immunity-but-insufficient-coverage
#7
S Hustache, L Moyroud, L Goirand, O Epaulard
In France, hepatitis B (HB) vaccine has been offered to all infants since 1994, and was proposed to all children aged 11 years from 1994 to 1998. Nevertheless, HB vaccine hesitancy may result in low vaccination coverage in present-day at-risk adults. We aimed to determine HB vaccination coverage in adults attending a free testing center for sexually transmitted infections (STI). As part of routine care, three classes of data were anonymously collected from attendees over a 3-month period: results of HB serologic tests; date and number of past anti-hepatitis B virus (HBV) immunization(s) (if any) according to health records; and the risk of STI and blood-transmitted infections (BTI)...
March 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276802/no-response-to-hepatitis-b-vaccine-in-infants-born-to-hbsag-mothers-is-associated-to-the-transplacental-transfer-of-hbsag
#8
Jing Wang, Yingli He, Dongfang Jin, Jinfeng Liu, Jie Zheng, Ningxia Yuan, Yun Bai, Taotao Yan, Yuan Yang, Yong Liu, Shulin Zhang, Yingren Zhao, Tianyan Chen
BACKGROUND: No or low hepatitis B (HB) vaccine response is more frequent in infants from HBsAg(+) mothers than those from HBsAg(-). Our previous study found temporary positivity of HBsAg in infants from HBsAg(+) mothers. In this study, we hypothesized that HBsAg in infant blunt immune response to standard hepatitis B vaccination. METHODS: A total of 328 consecutive HBsAg(+) mothers and their offspring were enrolled. Blood samples were taken from mothers and their infants and quantified for HBsAg, anti-HBs titer and HBV DNA load concentration; Placenta samples were collected to stain for HBsAg...
February 19, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275227/halogenated-volatile-anesthetics-in-the-intensive-care-unit-current-knowledge-on-an-upcoming-practice
#9
Pascal L Langlois, Frederick D'Aragon, William Manzanares
The aim of this narrative review was to highlight key points of volatile anesthetics administration in the intensive care unit (ICU), including AnaConDa® and Mirus® devices characteristics and the reported findings on clinical outcomes in critically ill patients. Intravenous sedation in the ICU is associated with issues, such as over- and under-sedation. Halogenated compounds, which can be safely administered by inserting a device in any ICU ventilation circuit, have interesting pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic profiles for patients with multi-organ failure...
March 8, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272974/persistence-of-immunity-18-19%C3%A2-years-after-vaccination-against-hepatitis-b-in-2-cohorts-of-vaccinees-primed-as-infants-or-as-adolescents-in-italy
#10
Luisa Romanò, Cristina Galli, Catia Tagliacarne, Maria Elena Tosti, Claudio Velati, Laura Fomiatti, Maria Chironna, Rosa Cristina Coppola, Mario Cuccia, Rossana Mangione, Fosca Marrone, Francesco Saverio Negrone, Antonino Parlato, Carla Maria Zotti, Alfonso Mele, Alessandro Remo Zanetti
This study was aimed at assessing the anti-HBs persistence and immune memory 18-19 y after vaccination against hepatitis B in healthy individuals primed as infants or adolescents. We enrolled 405 teenagers (Group A) vaccinated as infants, and 409 young adults (Group B) vaccinated as adolescents. All vaccinees were tested for anti-HBs and anti-HBc antibodies; those found anti-HBc positive were further tested for HBsAg and HBV DNA. Eight individuals belonging to Group B were positive for anti-HBc alone, and were excluded from analysis...
March 8, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266898/hepatic-malignancy-in-an-infant-with-wolf-hirschhorn-syndrome
#11
Sara Rutter, Raffaella A Morotti, Steven Peterec, Patrick G Gallagher
INTRODUCTION: Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is a contiguous gene syndrome involving deletions of the chromosome 4p16 region associated with growth failure, characteristic craniofacial abnormalities, cardiac defects, and seizures. CASE REPORT: This report describes a six-month-old girl with WHS with growth failure and typical craniofacial features who died of complex congenital heart disease. Genetic studies revealed a 9.8 Mb chromosome 4p-terminal deletion. At autopsy, the liver was grossly unremarkable...
March 7, 2017: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256251/relation-of-right-atrial-volume-systemic-venous-dimensions-and-flow-patterns-to-right-atrial-pressure-in-infants-and-children
#12
Shivani G Patel, Peter Woolman, Ling Li, Mary Craft, David A Danford, Shelby Kutty
Echocardiographic assessment of right atrial (RA) volume, inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter, and hepatic vein flow velocity independently correlate with the RA pressure by direct catheter measurement in adults. We prospectively collected invasive RA pressure measurements and echocardiographic data in infants and young children with the goal of developing a predictive model to noninvasively determine normal RA pressure. All subjects had a central venous catheter through which RA pressure could be transduced...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253873/extended-clinical-features-associated-with-novel-glis3-mutation-a-case-report
#13
K A Alghamdi, A B Alsaedi, A Aljasser, A Altawil, Naglaa M Kamal
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the GLI-similar 3 (GLIS3) gene encoding the transcription factor GLIS3 are a rare cause of neonatal diabetes and congenital hypothyroidism with 12 reported patients to date. Additional features, previously described, include congenital glaucoma, hepatic fibrosis, polycystic kidneys, developmental delay, facial dysmorphism, osteopenia, sensorineural deafness, choanal atresia, craniosynostosis and pancreatic exocrine insufficiency. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a new case for consanguineous parents with homozygous novel mutation in GLIS3 gene who presented with neonatal diabetes mellitus, severe resistant congenital hypothyroidism, cholestatic liver disease, bilateral congenital glaucoma and facial dysmorphism...
March 2, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253569/-antiviral-therapy-in-the-third-trimester-to-prevent-mother-to-infant-transmission-of-hepatitis-b-virus-benefit-or-harm
#14
Y H Zhou, Y L Hu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246672/electronic-alerts-improve-immunization-rates-in-two-month-old-premature-infants-hospitalized-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#15
Kimberly D Ernst
OBJECTIVE: To determine if an electronic alert improves 2 month immunization rates in infants remaining hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit. METHODS: Institutional Review Board-approved retrospective chart review of 261 infants with birth weights <2 kg and still hospitalized at ≥ 58 days. Charts were reviewed between 2009 and 2013, before and after the 2011 electronic alert was instituted in the electronic medical record from days 56 to 67 to remind providers that immunizations were due...
March 1, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239322/intestinal-barrier-integrity-and-function-in-infants-with-cholestasis
#16
Nagla H Abu Faddan, Tahra M K Sherif, Omnia A Mohammed, Khalid A Nasif, Ebtesam M El Gezawy
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The safety of the human body is maintained by effective monitoring of the mucosal surface integrity and protection against potentially harmful compounds. This function of the gut called intestinal barrier function can be affected by cholestasis and the absence of bile in the intestinal lumen. We aimed to determine whether the gut barrier integrity is impaired in infants with cholestasis by evaluation of the intestinal fatty acid binding proteins (I-FABP) and ileal bile acid binding protein (I-BABP) as markers of intestinal epithelial cell damage and plasma D-lactate level as a marker of gut wall permeability...
January 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237252/effect-of-ebola-virus-disease-on-maternal-and-child-health-services-in-guinea-a-retrospective-observational-cohort-study
#17
Alexandre Delamou, Alison M El Ayadi, Sidikiba Sidibe, Therese Delvaux, Bienvenu S Camara, Sah D Sandouno, Abdoul H Beavogui, Georges W Rutherford, Junko Okumura, Wei-Hong Zhang, Vincent De Brouwere
BACKGROUND: The 2014 west African epidemic of Ebola virus disease posed a major threat to the health systems of the countries affected. We sought to quantify the consequences of Ebola virus disease on maternal and child health services in the highly-affected Forest region of Guinea. METHODS: We did a retrospective, observational cohort study of women and children attending public health facilities for antenatal care, institutional delivery, and immunisation services in six of seven health districts in the Forest region (Beyla, Guéckédou, Kissidougou, Lola, Macenta, and N'Zérékoré)...
April 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231660/-effect-of-telbivudine-on-infants-born-to-hbsag-positive-mothers-with-non-hypo-response-to-hepatitis-b-vaccine-during-their-second-and-third-trimesters-of-pregnancy
#18
X X Xu, B Wang, X F Wang, H X Wen, F Zhang, Z Q Yang, H Y Hao, T Wang, X H Shi, Z D Fu, B Wang, S P Wang
Objective: To explore the effect of telbivudine treatment in a prevention program on infants born to HBsAg-positive mothers with non-/hypo-responsiveness to hepatitis B vaccine. Methods: A retrospective cohort study with a total of 321 HBsAg-positive pregnant women and their infants enrolled, was conducted. The mothers were recruited from the Third People' s Hospital of Taiyuan, from July 2011 to January 2013. According to the situation of telbivudine intake in second and third trimesters of pregnancy, the participants were divided into two groups: with telbivudine-treated or as control...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228413/determination-of-human-hepatic-cyp2c8-and-cyp1a2-age-dependent-expression-to-support-human-health-risk-assessment-for-early-ages
#19
Gina Song, Xueying Sun, Ronald N Hines, D Gail McCarver, Brian G Lake, Thomas G Osimitz, Moire R Creek, Harvey J Clewell, Miyoung Yoon
Predicting age-specific metabolism is important for evaluating age-related drug and chemical sensitivity. Multiple cytochrome P450s (CYP) and carboxylesterase (CES) enzymes are responsible for human pyrethroid metabolism. Complete ontogeny data for each enzyme is needed to support in vitro to in vivo extrapolation (IVIVE). This study was designed to determine age-dependent human hepatic CYP2C8 expression, for which only limited ontogeny data are available, and to further define CYP1A2 ontogeny. CYP2C8 and 1A2 protein levels were measured by quantitative Western blotting using liver microsomal samples prepared from 222 subjects with ages ranging from 8 weeks gestation to 18 years after birth...
February 22, 2017: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220684/living-donor-liver-transplantation-during-the-first-three-months-of-life
#20
Mureo Kasahara, Seisuke Sakamoto, Kengo Sasaki, Hajime Uchida, Toshihiro Kitajima, Takanobu Shigeta, Soichi Narumoto, Yoshihiro Hirata, Akinari Fukuda
BACKGROUND: Living donor liver transplantation is now an established technique for treating children with end-stage liver disease. Few data exist about liver transplantation for exclusively young infants, especially infants of <3 months of age. We report our single-center experience with 12 cases in which living donor liver transplantation (LT) was performed during the first 3 months of life and compare the results with those of older infants who underwent LT. All of the patients were treated at the National Center of Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan...
February 21, 2017: Liver Transplantation
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