keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

infant hepatitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330965/intra-hepatic-bile-duct-primary-cilia-in-biliary-atresia
#1
Roberta Frassetto, Filippo Parolini, Salvatore Marceddu, Giulia Satta, Valeria Papacciuoli, Maria Antonia Pinna, Alessandra Mela, Giannina Secchi, Grazia Galleri, Roberto Manetti, Luisa Bercich, Vincenzo Villanacci, Antonio Dessanti, Roberto Antonucci, Francesco Tanda, Daniele Alberti, Kathleen B Schwarz, Maria Grazia Clemente
AIM: The etiopathogenesis of non-syndromic biliary atresia (BA) is obscure. The primary aim was to investigate intra-hepatic bile duct cilia (IHBC) in BA at the diagnosis and correlation with clinical outcome. The secondary aim was to analyze IHBC in routine paraffin-embedded liver biopsies using conventional scanning electron microscopy (SEM). METHODS: Surgical liver biopsies taken at the diagnosis from 22 BA infants (age range: 39 - 116 days) and from 8 children with non-BA chronic cholestasis (age range: 162 days -16,8 years) were evaluated for IHBC, both by immunofluorescence (IF) and by SEM...
January 13, 2018: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329213/a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-association-between-infant-hepatitis-b-vaccine-exposure-in-boys-and-the-risk-of-adverse-effects-as-measured-by-receipt-of-special-education-services
#2
David A Geier, Janet K Kern, Kristin G Homme, Mark R Geier
The National Center for Education Statistics reported that between 1990-2005 the number of children receiving special education services (SES) rose significantly, and then, from 2004-2012, the number declined significantly. This coincided with the introduction of Thimerosal-containing hepatitis B vaccine in 1991, and the subsequent introduction of Thimerosal-reduced hepatitis B vaccine in the early 2000s. This study examined the potential relationship between infant exposure to mercury from three doses of Thimerosal-containing hepatitis B vaccine and the risk of boys being adversely affected (as measured by receipt of SES)...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328393/paediatric-virology-and-its-interaction-between-basic-science-and-clinical-practice-review
#3
Ioannis N Mammas, Anne Greenough, Maria Theodoridou, Anna Kramvis, Maria Rusan, Angeliki Melidou, Paraskevi Korovessi, Georgia Papaioannou, Alexia Papatheodoropoulou, Chryssie Koutsaftiki, Maria Liston, George Sourvinos, Demetrios A Spandidos
The 3rd Workshop on Paediatric Virology, which took place on October 7th, 2017 in Athens, Greece, highlighted the role of breast feeding in the prevention of viral infections during the first years of life. Moreover, it focused on the long-term outcomes of respiratory syncytial virus and rhinovirus infections in prematurely born infants and emphasised the necessity for the development of relevant preventative strategies. Other topics that were covered included the vaccination policy in relation to the migration crisis, mother‑to‑child transmission of hepatitis B and C viruses, vaccination against human papilloma viruses in boys and advances on intranasal live‑attenuated vaccination against influenza...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316006/extubation-in-the-operating-room-after-pediatric-liver-transplant-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Harshad G Gurnaney, Scott D Cook-Sather, Abraham Shaked, Kim M Olthoff, Elizabeth B Rand, Arul M Lingappan, Mohamed A Rehman
BACKGROUND: Early extubation immediately following liver transplantation is increasingly common in adult practice. Some pediatric institutions have begun to adopt this strategy. Careful patient selection is essential in minimizing risk. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study evaluated infants and children who underwent liver transplantation between July 2011 and December 2014. Our primary objective was to determine early extubation rate. Secondary objectives were to identify clinical factors associated with successful early extubation compared with delayed extubation and to examine significant postoperative complications, intensive care unit length of stay, and hospital length of stay...
January 8, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315536/a-decision-analytic-model-for-prevention-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-sub-saharan-africa-using-birth-dose-vaccination
#5
Sarah Anderson, Lorie M Harper, Jodie Dionne-Odom, Gregory Halle-Ekane, Alan T N Tita
OBJECTIVE: To compare prenatal maternal hepatitis B virus (HBV) screening and infant vaccination strategies to inform policy on HBV prevention in Sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: A decision analytic model was created using previously published data to assess the ability of three intervention strategies to prevent HBV infection by age 10 years. Strategy 1 comprised of universal vaccination with a pentavalent vaccine (HBV, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, and Haemophilus influenzae) at age 6 weeks...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290974/sodium-taurocholate-cotransporting-polypeptide-ntcp-deficiency-identification-of-a-novel-slc10a1-mutation-in-two-unrelated-infants-presenting-with-neonatal-indirect-hyperbilirubinemia-and-remarkable-hypercholanemia
#6
Jian-Wu Qiu, Mei Deng, Ying Cheng, Raza-Muhammad Atif, Wei-Xia Lin, Li Guo, Hua Li, Yuan-Zong Song
Sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP) is encoded by the gene SLC10A1 and expressed in the basolateral membrane of the hepatocyte, functioning to uptake bile acids from plasma. Although SLC10A1 has been cloned and NTCP function studied intensively for years, clinical description of NTCP deficiency remains rather limited. This study reported the genotypic and phenotypic features of two neonatal patients with NTCP deficiency. They both presented with neonatal indirect hyperbilirubinemia and remarkable hypercholanemia, and harbored the SLC10A1 variants c...
December 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287003/magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-neonatal-hemochromatosis
#7
Khaled Alenezi, Binita M Kamath, Iram Siddiqui, Christopher Tomlinson, Govind B Chavhan
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on utility of MRI in the assessment of suspected neonatal hemochromatosis (NH). OBJECTIVES: To present our experience with utilization of multi-echo sequences MRI technique in the evaluation of NH and to compare MRI findings in infants with and without NH. METHODS: MRI performed for suspected NH were retrospectively reviewed to note the presence and severity of iron deposition (ID) in liver, spleen, pancreas and kidneys on multi-echo sequences...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276647/low-dose-intravenous-paracetamol-for-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-indomethacin-resistant-or-contraindicated-preterm-infants-three-cases-reports
#8
Shun Matsumura, Ayumi Oshima, Sumie Fujinuma, Kosuke Tanaka, Nobuhiko Nagano, Fuyu Miyake, Satoshi Masutani, Masanori Tamura, Keiko Ueda, Fumihiko Namba
Background  Although indomethacin (IND) is the standard treatment for hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) in Japan, it may be associated with renal impairment and gastrointestinal complications. The use of paracetamol for hsPDA closure has recently increased. Unlike IND, paracetamol does not have a peripheral vasoconstrictive effect and can be given to infants with contraindications to IND. Based on limited data available from randomized trials, paracetamol and IND seem to have similar effects...
October 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249214/hitting-a-triple-in-the-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-field-sucrose-intake-in-adulthood-increases-fat-content-in-the-female-but-not-in-the-male-rat-offspring-of-dams-fed-a-gestational-low-protein-diet
#9
L Nicolás-Toledo, M Cervantes-Rodríguez, E Cuevas-Romero, D L Corona-Quintanilla, E Pérez-Sánchez, E Zambrano, F Castelán, J Rodríguez-Antolín
The excessive consumption of carbohydrates is related to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in infants and adults. The effect of combining maternal malnutrition and a high carbohydrate intake on the development of NAFLD in adulthood remains unknown. We therefore hypothesized that consumption of 5% sucrose by the offspring of dams fed a low-protein diet during pregnancy promotes liver fat accumulation and oxidative damage differently in females and males. To test this, 12-month-old female and male offspring of mothers fed a Control (C) or low-protein diet (Restricted, R) were provided with either tap water or 5% sucrose for a period of 10 weeks...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242561/hepatitis-b-virus-persistence-in-mice-reveals-il-21-and-il-33-as-regulators-of-viral-clearance
#10
Zhongliang Shen, Huijuan Yang, Sisi Yang, Wei Wang, Xiaoxian Cui, Xian Zhou, Wei Liu, Shaokun Pan, Yanfeng Liu, Junqi Zhang, Jiming Zhang, Youhua Xie, Jing Liu
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) generally causes self-limiting infection in immunocompetent adults, but establishes chronic infection in some adults and in most maternally infected infants. Factors determining clearance versus persistence are not fully understood. Hydrodynamic injection (HDI) of HBV replicon plasmid via tail vein generally results in quick clearance in immunocompetent adult mice. Here, we report the identification of strain-specific persistence of HBV in mice: one genotype B strain, designated BPS, persisted up to 33 weeks in ~50% of HDI mice...
December 14, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241647/safety-of-currently-licensed-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-vaccines-in-the-united-states-vaccine-adverse-event-reporting-system-vaers-2005-2015
#11
Penina Haber, Pedro L Moro, Carmen Ng, Paige W Lewis, Beth Hibbs, Sarah F Schillie, Noele P Nelson, Rongxia Li, Brock Stewart, Maria V Cano
INTRODUCTION: Currently four recombinant hepatitis B (HepB) vaccines are in use in the United States. HepB vaccines are recommended for infants, children and adults. We assessed adverse events (AEs) following HepB vaccines reported to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS), a national spontaneous reporting system. METHODS: We searched VAERS for reports of AEs following single antigen HepB vaccine and HepB-containing vaccines (either given alone or with other vaccines), from January 2005 - December 2015...
December 11, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227001/antiviral-therapy-for-hepatitis-b-virus-during-second-pregnancies
#12
Yasuhiro Wakano, Tokio Sugiura, Takeshi Endo, Koichi Ito, Mitsuyoshi Suzuki, Hitoshi Tajiri, Yasuhito Tanaka, Shinji Saitoh
Mother-to-child transmission of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a major concern for infected mothers, especially after their first child has become an HBV carrier despite immunoprophylaxis. Eight mothers whose first child had become an HBV carrier despite immunoprophylaxis were referred for antiviral therapy during the subsequent pregnancy. All pregnant women were seropositive for both the hepatitis B surface antigen and hepatitis B e antigen. In the treatment group (three receiving lamivudine and two receiving tenofovir), mother-to-child transmission of the HBV was successfully prevented in all infants (5/5)...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225990/cholecystectomy-of-an-intrahepatic-gallbladder-in-an-ectopic-pelvic-liver-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Rachel Mathis, Joshua Stodghill, Timothy Shaver, George Younan
Introduction: Ectopic pelvic liver is an exceedingly rare condition usually resulting after repair of congenital abdominal wall defects. Intrahepatic gallbladder is another rare condition predisposing patients to cholelithiasis and its sequelae. We describe a cholecystectomy in a patient with an intrahepatic gallbladder in a pelvic ectopic liver. Presentation of Case: A 33-year-old woman with a history of omphalocele repair as an infant presented with signs and symptoms of symptomatic cholelithiasis and chronic cholecystitis, however, in an unusual location...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201773/epidemiology-of-hepatitis-b-and-c-in-republic-of-indonesia
#14
REVIEW
David H Muljono
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections pose serious problems in terms of public health and clinical intervention in a country with approximately 250 million people, who live in more than 17,000 islands. Efforts to combat HBV and HCV have been made through the implementation of universal infant hepatitis B immunization, blood screening, and other health promotion actions, and building epidemiological data to develop intervention strategies. A nationwide study in 2013 revealed hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) prevalence of 7...
January 2017: Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195717/the-efficacy-of-two-different-dosages-of-hepatitis-b-immunoglobulin-combined-with-hepatitis-b-vaccine-in-preventing-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hepatitis-b-virus-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Kai-Ping Wei, Feng-Cai Zhu, Jian-Xun Liu, Ling Yan, Ying Lu, Xiang-Jun Zhai, Zhan-Jun Chang, Ying Zeng, Jie Li, Hui Zhuang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: A birth dose of hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG), in combination with hepatitis B vaccine (HepB), is recommended for infants born to hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive mothers. However, the optimal dosage of HBIG remains to be resolved. This prospective cohort study aimed to compare the efficacy of two dosages of HBIG combined with HepB to prevent mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HBV. METHODS: From 2009 to 2011, we prospectively enrolled mother-infant pairs with positive maternal HBsAg in China...
November 28, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193547/safety-and-efficacy-of-telbivudine-in-late-pregnancy-to-prevent-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hepatitis-b-virus-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Yali Hu, Chenyu Xu, Biao Xu, Lingqing Hu, Qin Liu, Jie Chen, Jingli Liu, Lanhua Liu, Jishi Yang, Tingmei Chen, Jian Wen, Na Jiang, Yaguang Zhang, Minkai Cao, Jing Feng, Xiaoqian Lin, Zhiqun Wang, Biyun Xu, Yi-Hua Zhou
Infection of hepatitis B virus (HBV) occurs in ~10% of infants of HBV-infected mothers with positive hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) after immunoprophylaxis. We aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of telbivudine used during late pregnancy for preventing mother-to-child transmission of HBV. We conducted a multicenter prospective cohort study in five hospitals from 2012-2014, which enrolled HBV-infected singleton pregnant women with positive HBeAg. By their choice, women were divided into therapy (telbivudine 600 mg/day, from gestation 28-32 weeks to 3-4 weeks postpartum) and control (no antiviral agent) groups...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185949/atypical-presentation-of-infantile-hepatic-hemangioma-a-case-study
#17
Ashley Sartori, Gayle Leary Omansky, Steven Ringer
Infantile hepatic hemangioma (IHH) is the most common benign hepatic tumor of infancy. It is characterized by rapid proliferation in the first year of life, followed by slow involution during childhood. Presentation can range from asymptomatic to severe, high-output congestive heart failure (CHF). The purpose of this article is to review the case of an infant with an atypical presentation of IHH. It also addresses pathophysiology, diagnosis, management, and multidisciplinary team care.
November 1, 2017: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184815/transient-hypothyroidism-in-the-newborn-to-treat-or-not-to-treat
#18
REVIEW
Neelakanta Kanike, Ajuah Davis, Prem S Shekhawat
Transient congenital hypothyroidism (CH) refers to a temporary deficiency of thyroid hormone identified after birth, with low thyroxine (T4) and elevated thyrotropin (TSH), which later recovers to improved thyroxine production, typically in first few months of infancy. Approximately 17% to 40% of children diagnosed with CH by newborn screening (NBS) programs were later determined to have transient hypothyroidism. Causes of transient CH are prematurity, iodine deficiency, maternal thyrotropin receptor blocking antibodies, maternal intake of anti-thyroid drugs, maternal or neonatal iodine exposure, loss of function mutations and hepatic hemangiomas...
October 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183422/congenital-vascular-anomalies-of-the-liver
#19
A Tyraskis, N Durkin, M Davenport
Congenital vascular anomalies of the liver include a range of malformations of the portal venous, hepatic arterial and venous systems. Congenital portosystemic shunts and arteriovenous malformations make up the two most frequent such malformations. While infantile haemangiomas of the liver, endothelial tumours characterised by vascular proliferation should also be considered, as a proportion of them form prenatally. Evidence to support treatment strategies for these infants and children has been mainly based on small case series...
November 6, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181424/comparative-effectiveness-of-prophylactic-strategies-for-perinatal-transmission-of-hepatitis-b-virus-a-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Zhi-Xian Chen, Xun Zhuang, Xiao-Hong Zhu, Yan-Li Hao, Gui-Fang Gu, Meng-Zhi Cai, Gang Qin
Background: Perinatal transmission is the main route of hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission. While several measures have been attempted as means of preventing perinatal HBV transmission, the optimal strategy remains inconclusive. Methods: We conducted a comprehensive search, through December 2016, for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared the following measures among pregnant women with HBV infection: placebo/none, active immunoprophylaxis (hepatitis B vaccine series starting at birth [HBVac]), passive-active immunoprophylaxis (hepatitis B immunoglobulin and vaccine [HBIG+HBVac]), prenatal HBIG administration (HBIG/HBIG+HBVac), and prenatal antiviral therapy (AVT/HBIG+HBVac)...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
99781
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"