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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911071/severe-brain-injury-in-massachusetts-assessing-the-continuum-of-care
#1
Laura Lorenz, Gabrielle Katz
Acquired brain injury (ABI) is a major public health problem in Massachusetts (Hackman et al, 2014) and includes traumatic brain injury (TBI), stroke, ABI-related infectious diseases, metabolic disorders affecting the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), and brain tumor. Advances in emergency medical care and neurosurgery mean that more people are surviving severe traumatic brain injury (Trexler et al, 2014). Yet many patients with severe TBI in particular, are not receiving inpatient services after initial treatment (Hackman et al, 2014; CDC, 2014) or later that are known to be effective (Malec & Kean, 2015; Lewis & Horn, 2015; BI Commission, 2011; Kolakowsky-Hayner et al, 2000; Interviews)...
December 10, 2015: Issue Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879960/effectiveness-of-music-based-interventions-on-motricity-or-cognitive-functioning-in-neurological-populations-a-systematic-review
#2
Lousin Moumdjian, Teppo Sarkamo, Carmela Leone, Marc Leman, Peter Feys
INTRODUCTION: Motor and cognitive symptoms are frequent in persons with neurological disorders and often require extensive long-term rehabilitation. Recently, a variety of musicbased interventions have been introduced into neurological rehabilitation as training tools. AIM: This review aims to a) describe and define music-based intervention modalities and content which are applied in experimental studies, and b) describe the effects of these interventions on motor and/or cognitive symptoms in the neurological population...
November 23, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874500/rehabilitation-in-multiple-sclerosis-the-role-of-tele-rehabilitation-gaming
#3
Mathias Mäurer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858781/torture-survivors-symptom-load-compared-to-chronic-pain-and-psychiatric-in-patients
#4
Uwe Harlacher, Linda Nordin, Peter Polatin
Before their entry into the rehabilitation program at the Rehabilitation and Research Centre for Torture Victims ('RCT') in Copenhagen, the degree of symptoms of a group of resettled traumatized refugees was assessed by means of two rating scales: the Disability Rating Index (DRI) (n=197), measuring pain-related functional disability, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) (n=147). The results obtained were compared with other patient populations, which included (1) a large Swedish mixed pain group and (2) various groups of pain patients previously investigated in the validation study of the DRI scale...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808596/an-innovative-training-program-based-on-virtual-reality-and-treadmill-effects-on-gait-of-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#5
Agnese Peruzzi, Ignazio Roberto Zarbo, Andrea Cereatti, Ugo Della Croce, Anat Mirelman
AIM: In this single blind randomized controlled trial, we examined the effect of a virtual reality-based training on gait of people with multiple sclerosis. METHODS: Twenty-five individuals with multiple sclerosis with mild to moderate disability were randomly assigned to either the control group (n = 11) or the experimental group (n = 14). The subjects in the control group received treadmill training. Subjects in the experimental group received virtual reality based treadmill training...
November 3, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806483/the-effectiveness-of-dohsa-psycho-motor-rehabilitation-method-on-fatigue-severity-sleep-quality-and-resilience-promotion-of-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-ms
#6
Azam Azari, Hamid Kazemi-Zahrani, Masoumeh Mohammadi Khashouei
Because of multiple psychological-physical symptoms and failure to accept the reality, multiple sclerosis (MS), patients are suffering from negative mood disorders and fatigue which affects their life quality negatively. Therefore this study has been conducted to determine the effect of Dohsa Psycho-Motor Rehabilitation Method on fatigue severity, sleep quality, and Resilience promotion of Patients with Multiple Sclerosis in Isfahan, Iran. A quasi-experimental study with pre-test, post-test and follow up was administered on both the experimental and control groups...
July 5, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803637/exercise-training-in-progressive-multiple-sclerosis-a-comparison-of-recumbent-stepping-and-body-weight-supported-treadmill-training
#7
Lara A Pilutti, John E Paulseth, Carin Dove, Shucui Jiang, Michel P Rathbone, Audrey L Hicks
Background: There is evidence of the benefits of exercise training in multiple sclerosis (MS); however, few studies have been conducted in individuals with progressive MS and severe mobility impairment. A potential exercise rehabilitation approach is total-body recumbent stepper training (TBRST). We evaluated the safety and participant-reported experience of TBRST in people with progressive MS and compared the efficacy of TBRST with that of body weight-supported treadmill training (BWSTT) on outcomes of function, fatigue, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL)...
September 2016: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794631/effects-of-different-exercise-modalities-on-ataxia-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-a-randomized-controlled-study
#8
Yeliz Salcı, Ayla Fil, Kadriye Armutlu, F Gökçem Yildiz, Aslı Kurne, Songül Aksoy, Gülay Nurlu, Rana Karabudak
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of different exercise protocols on ataxia in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHOD: A total of 42 MS patients, 17 male and 25 female (Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS): 3-5), were enrolled in this randomized controlled study. The patients were divided into three groups: a balance training (BT) group, a lumbar stabilization (LS) group and a task-oriented training (TT) group. All groups received balance training; additionally, the LS group received lumbar stabilization exercises, and the TT group received task-oriented training...
October 29, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794179/the-urinary-specific-quality-of-life-of-multiple-sclerosis-patients-dutch-translation-and-validation-of-the-sf-qualiveen
#9
Sarah H M Reuvers, Ida J Korfage, Jeroen R Scheepe, Bertil F M Blok
AIMS: The SF-Qualiveen is a short questionnaire that measures the impact of urinary symptoms on the quality of life of patients with urological dysfunction due to neurological disorders. The aim of this study is to translate, culturally adapt and validate a Dutch version of the SF-Qualiveen for use in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients. METHODS: Cross-cultural adaptation of the original English SF-Qualiveen into Dutch was performed according to standardized guidelines...
October 29, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789239/minimal-clinically-important-difference-of-berg-balance-scale-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Elisa Gervasoni, Johanna Jonsdottir, Angelo Montesano, Davide Cattaneo
OBJECTIVE: To identify the Minimal Clinically Important Difference (MCID) to define clinically meaningful patient's improvement on the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) in People with Multiple Sclerosis (PwMS) in response to rehabilitation. DESIGN: Cohort study SETTING: Neurorehabilitation institute. PARTICIPANTS: 110 PwMS participated in this study. INTERVENTIONS: This study is comprised of inpatients and outpatients that participated in research on balance and gait rehabilitation...
October 24, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778158/neurorehabilitation-applied-neuroplasticity
#11
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Mary P Galea, Roman Gonzenbach, Jürg Kesselring
The prevalence of disability due to neurological conditions is escalating worldwide. Neurological disorders have significant disability-burden with long-term functional and psychosocial issues, requiring specialized rehabilitation services for comprehensive management, especially treatments tapping into brain recovery 'neuroplastic' processes. Neurorehabilitation is interdisciplinary and cross-sectorial, requiring coordinated effort of diverse sectors, professions, patients and community to manage complex condition-related disability...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764974/physical-activity-and-cognitive-function-in-adults-with-multiple-sclerosis-an-integrative-review
#12
Janet D Morrison, Lori Mayer
PURPOSE: To identify and synthesize the research evidence concerning (1) the relationship between physical activity and cognitive performance in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) and (2) to review the reported effects of physical activity interventions on neurocognitive performance conducted in this population. METHODS: Relevant peer-reviewed journal articles were identified by searching PubMed, PsychINFO, and SPORTDiscus through May 2016. Full-text articles meeting the inclusion criteria were evaluated for quality using tools developed by the National Institutes of Health...
October 20, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762151/the-development-of-an-observational-screening-tool-to-assess-safe-effective-and-appropriate-walking-aid-use-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#13
Abby Eitzen, Marcia Finlayson, Leanne Carolan-Laing, Arthur Junn Nacionales, Christie Walker, Josephine O'Connor, Miho Asano, Susan Coote
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify potential items for an observational screening tool to assess safe, effective and appropriate walking aid use among people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Such a tool is needed because of the association between fall risk and mobility aid use in this population. METHODS: Four individuals with MS were videotaped using a one or two straight canes, crutches or a rollator in different settings. Seventeen health care professionals from Canada, Ireland and the United States were recruited, and viewed the videos, and were then interviewed about the use of the devices by the individuals in the videos...
October 20, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747926/fitness-and-its-association-with-fatigue-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#14
E Sebastião, E A Hubbard, R E Klaren, L A Pilutti, R W Motl
This study compared physical fitness components between fatigued and non-fatigued persons with MS and examined those components as correlates of fatigue. Sixty-two ambulatory persons with MS completed the Modified Fatigue Impact Scale (MFIS) and underwent assessments of cardiorespiratory capacity, lower extremity muscle strength (i.e., peak torque and asymmetry), body composition, and static balance over two different sessions 7 days apart. Participants were allocated into fatigue groups based on MFIS scores (non-fatigued group (i...
October 17, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741268/static-posturography-and-falls-according-to-pyramidal-sensory-and-cerebellar-functional-systems-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#15
Alon Kalron, Uri Givon, Lior Frid, Mark Dolev, Anat Achiron
Balance impairment is common in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) and frequently impacts quality of life by decreasing mobility and increasing the risk of falling. However, there are only scarce data examining the contribution of specific neurological functional systems on balance measures in MS. Therefore, the primary aim of our study was to examine the differences in posturography parameters and fall incidence according to the pyramidal, cerebellar and sensory systems functional systems in PwMS. The study included 342 PwMS, 211 women and mean disease duration of 8...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728987/pathophysiology-assessment-and-management-of-multiple-sclerosis-fatigue-an-update
#16
Mariarosa Rottoli, Sara La Gioia, Barbara Frigeni, Valeria Barcella
Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms associated with multiple sclerosis, affecting almost 80% of patients with 55% of them reporting it as one of the worst symptoms experienced, often independently of the level of disability. Areas covered: We review the main pathophysiological hypothesis, fatigue assessment scales, and its management. Expert commentary: Fatigue pathophysiology is complex and is often influenced by other secondary but relevant factors (e.g. psychological disturbances, musculoskeletal problems, sleep disorders and medication side effects) which may vary over time...
October 11, 2016: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716390/the-organisation-of-physiotherapy-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-across-europe-a-multicentre-questionnaire-survey
#17
Kamila Rasova, Jenny Freeman, Patricia Martinkova, Marketa Pavlikova, Davide Cattaneo, Johanna Jonsdottir, Thomas Henze, Ilse Baert, Paul Van Asch, Carme Santoyo, Tori Smedal, Antonie Giæver Beiske, Małgorzata Stachowiak, Mariusz Kovalewski, Una Nedeljkovic, Daphne Bakalidou, José Manuel Alves Guerreiro, Ylva Nilsagård, Erieta Nikolikj Dimitrova, Mario Habek, Kadriye Armutlu, Cécile Donzé, Elaine Ross, Ana Maria Ilie, Andrej Martić, Anders Romberg, Peter Feys
BACKGROUND: Understanding the organisational set-up of physiotherapy services across different countries is increasingly important as clinicians around the world use evidence to improve their practice. This also has to be taken into consideration when multi-centre international clinical trials are conducted. This survey aimed to systematically describe organisational aspects of physiotherapy services for people with multiple sclerosis (MS) across Europe. METHODS: Representatives from 72 rehabilitation facilities within 23 European countries completed an online web-based questionnaire survey between 2013 and 2014...
October 6, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716336/adaptive-vs-non-adaptive-cognitive-training-by-means-of-a-personalized-app-a-randomized-trial-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Ludovico Pedullà, Giampaolo Brichetto, Andrea Tacchino, Claudio Vassallo, Paola Zaratin, Mario Alberto Battaglia, Laura Bonzano, Marco Bove
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is common in multiple sclerosis (MS), but the definition of the best cognitive rehabilitation tools and features is still an open issue among researchers. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the effectiveness of COGNI-TRAcK (a customized application software delivering personalized working memory-based exercises) on cognitively impaired people with MS and to investigate the effects of an adaptive vs. a non-adaptive cognitive training administered by means of COGNI-TRAcK...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689612/pain-cognition-and-quality-of-life-associate-with-structural-measures-of-brain-volume-loss-in-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Nora E Fritz, Snehashis Roy, Jennifer Keller, Jerry Prince, Peter A Calabresi, Kathleen M Zackowski
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterized by physical and mental impairments that often result in pain and reduced quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To understand the relationship of pain, quality of life, and cognition to structural measures of brain volume. METHODS: Behavioral measures were assessed in a single session using standardized questionnaires and rating scales. Brain volume measures were assessed with structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
October 14, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685028/the-experience-of-transitioning-from-relapsing-remitting-to-secondary-progressive-multiple-sclerosis-views-of-patients-and-health-professionals
#20
Emer O'Loughlin, Susan Hourihan, Jeremy Chataway, E Diane Playford, Afsane Riazi
PURPOSE: The majority of people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) initially present with discreet periods of relapses followed by partial remission of symptoms (RRMS). Over time, most pwMS transition to secondary progressive MS (SPMS), characterized by a gradual accumulation of disability. This study aimed to explore the experiences, coping and needs associated with transitioning from RRMS to SPMS. METHOD: Data were collected via semi-structured interviews with nine pwMS and seven specialist MS health professionals (HPs)...
August 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
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