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multiple sclerosis rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332021/the-effects-of-reflexology-on-fatigue-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#1
Afitap Ozdelikara, Seval Agcadiken Alkan
Context • Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory, demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. In addition to the progressive nature of the disease, devastating symptoms adversely affect the patient's daily life and future expectations. This situation leads patients to seek complementary and alternative treatments. Objectives • This study was conducted to determine the effects of reflexology on fatigue severity and anxiety in patients with MS. Design • The research was a quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest design...
January 15, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306740/efficacy-of-computer-based-cognitive-training-in-neuropsychological-performance-of-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Efthimios Dardiotis, Anastasia Nousia, Vasileios Siokas, Zisis Tsouris, Athina Andravizou, Alexios-Fotios A Mentis, Despoina Florou, Lambros Messinis, Grigorios Nasios
IMPORTANCE: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system characterized by relapses and a progressive course that may lead to accumulation of physical and cognitive disability. Cognitive training interventions seem to improve the cognitive performance of MS patients. The aim of the present meta-analysis is to quantitatively investigate the effect of computer-based cognitive rehabilitation on the neuropsychological performance of patients with MS...
December 24, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300812/naturalistic-assessment-using-a-simulated-environment-cognitive-correlates-and-relationship-to-functional-status-in-individuals-with-neurologic-conditions
#3
Kayela Robertson, Maureen Schmitter-Edgecombe, Douglas Weeks, Jane Pimentel
Objective: Research has shown that neurologic conditions, such as traumatic brain injury and multiple sclerosis, result in a number of cognitive and functional deficits. However, little is known about the relationship between various cognitive domains and ability to perform everyday activities. The Community Shopping Task (CST), a naturalistic assessment task conducted in a simulated environment, was used to examine functional abilities and cognitive correlates of everyday functioning in individuals with neurologic conditions...
December 28, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289971/quality-of-life-and-social-support-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#4
Katarzyna Rosiak, Paweł Zagożdżon
OBJECTIVES: Quality of life and needforsocial support in persons diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) are to a large extent determined by the degree of their disability. The aim of the study was to analyze an association between specific forms of MS, subjectively perceived quality of life and social support. METHODS: The study included subjects with established diagnosis of MS, treated at rehabilitation centers, hospitals and in a home setting, as well as the members of patient organizations...
October 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260540/conservative-management-of-adult-neurogenic-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction
#5
Paolo DI Benedetto, Enrico Finazzi-Agrò
Neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLTUD) is commonly encountered in neuro-rehabilitation settings and is caused by a variety of pathologies. The management of spinal cord injury (SCI) has been the model of reference for the approach to NLTUD due to many other diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. The decline in renal-related mortality in SCI patients after the introduction of clean intermittent catheterization in association with pharmacological treatment (antimuscarinics in particular), and the algorithms proposed since 1998 by the International Consultations on Incontinence underline the need of early assessment and treatment of urinary incontinence and/or urinary retention in neuropathic patients...
December 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225852/physical-rehabilitation-modulates-micrornas-involved-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-case-report
#6
Annamaria Vallelunga, Carmine Berlingieri, Marco Ragusa, Michele Purrello, Maria Rosaria Stabile, Maria Consiglia Calabrese, Julio Cesar Morales-Medina, Beniamino Palmieri, Tommaso Iannitti
This study shows that neuromuscular taping improves gait, balance, pain and ability to walk and conduct daily activities in a multiple sclerosis patient. It is the first study to identify a panel of miRNAs modulated throughout rehabilitation using neuromuscular taping in a multiple sclerosis patient.
December 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198279/neuropsychology-of-multiple-sclerosis-looking-back-and-moving-forward
#7
Ralph H B Benedict, John DeLuca, Christian Enzinger, Jeroen J G Geurts, Lauren B Krupp, Stephen M Rao
The neuropsychological aspects of multiple sclerosis (MS) have evolved over the past three decades. What was once thought to be a rare occurrence, cognitive dysfunction is now viewed as one of the most disabling symptoms of the disease, with devastating effects on patients' quality of life. This selective review will highlight major innovations and scientific discoveries in the areas of neuropathology, neuroimaging, diagnosis, and treatment that pertain to our understanding of the neuropsychological aspects of MS...
October 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182996/distinguishing-among-multiple-sclerosis-fallers-near-fallers-and-non-fallers
#8
Nora E Fritz, Ani Eloyan, Moira Baynes, Scott D Newsome, Peter A Calabresi, Kathleen M Zackowski
BACKGROUND: Fall rates among adults with multiple sclerosis are consistently greater than 50%, but near-falls (i.e. a trip or stumble) are often undocumented. Furthermore, little is known about the circumstances surrounding fall and near-fall events. The purpose of this study was to examine the similarities and differences among non-fallers, near-fallers and fallers with multiple sclerosis, including the circumstances that surround falls and near-falls. METHODS: In a single visit, 135 multiple sclerosis participants completed the Hopkins Falls Grading Scale, a custom questionnaire investigating circumstances surrounding falls and near-falls, and performed the Timed Up and Go and Timed 25-Foot Walk tests...
November 22, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179033/validation-of-the-arm-profile-score-in-assessing-upper-limb-functional-impairments-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Federica Corona, Elisa Gervasoni, Giancarlo Coghe, Eleonora Cocco, Maurizio Ferrarin, Massimiliano Pau, Davide Cattaneo
BACKGROUND: Although upper limb (UL) impairments are widespread in people with Multiple Sclerosis (pwMS), there is limited quantitative evidence concerning their specific features. The aim of this study is to validate a synthetic measure based on kinematic data to define the degree of deviation from a physiologic pattern during the "hand to mouth" (HTM) task. METHODS: Twenty pwMS (mean age 51.2 SD 11.1) years, Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score in the range 2-6...
November 22, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174060/feasibility-of-a-6-month-yoga-program-to-improve-the-physical-and-psychosocial-status-of-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-and-their-family-members
#10
Turhan Kahraman, Asiye Tuba Ozdogar, Pinar Yigit, Ilknur Hosgel, Zaur Mehdiyev, Ozge Ertekin, Serkan Ozakbas
CONTEXT: To the best of our knowledge, there has been no study on yoga that includes both persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) and their family members. Because yoga has therapeutic effects in both persons with MS and healthy persons, we hypothesized that it would be an effective method to improve not only the physical and psychosocial status but also the time persons with MS and their family members spend together. OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility of a 6-month (long-term) yoga program to improve the physical and psychosocial status of persons with MS and their family members...
October 23, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171982/morphofunctional-muscle-changes-influence-on-foot-stability-in-multiple-sclerosis-during-gait-prediction-the-rehabilitation-potential1
#11
Marius Cristian Neamtu, Oana Maria Neamtu, Mihnea Ion Marin, Ligia Rusu
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis patients may suffer muscle changes that involve gait disorders of the kinetic and kinematic parameters also their gait may be clinically symmetrical or asymmetrical. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze how the muscle change, could affect the biomechanical parameters of foot stability during the gait, by disturb the motor control. METHODS: The study group consisted of 13 patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, presenting clinically detectable abnormal gait...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162058/cognitive-rehabilitation-and-mindfulness-in-multiple-sclerosis-remind-ms-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Ilse M Nauta, Anne E M Speckens, Roy P C Kessels, Jeroen J G Geurts, Vincent de Groot, Bernard M J Uitdehaag, Luciano Fasotti, Brigit A de Jong
BACKGROUND: Cognitive problems frequently occur in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and profoundly affect their quality of life. So far, the best cognitive treatment options for MS patients are a matter of debate. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the effectiveness of two promising non-pharmacological treatments: cognitive rehabilitation therapy (CRT) and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT). Furthermore, this study aims to gain additional knowledge about the aetiology of cognitive problems among MS patients, since this may help to develop and guide effective cognitive treatments...
November 21, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145345/the-role-of-sativex-in-robotic-rehabilitation-in-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis-rationale-study-design-and-methodology
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Margherita Russo, Vincenzo Dattola, Anna Lisa Logiudice, Rosella Ciurleo, Edoardo Sessa, Rosaria De Luca, Placido Bramanti, Alessia Bramanti, Antonino Naro, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
INTRODUCTION: Currently, none of the available multiple sclerosis (MS) disease-modifying medications has been shown to stop or reverse gait disability. Recently, the nabiximols has been tested for the treatment of spasticity and walking impairment in MS. Nabiximols (trade name Sativex) is an oromucosal spray formulation containing 1:1 fixed ratio of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol derived from cloned Cannabis sativa L. plant. METHOD AND ANALYSIS: A single-center, prospective, parallel design, single-blind trial will be conducted at the IRCCS Neurolesi "Bonino-Pulejo" (Italy) involving MS patients affected by spasticity and undergoing a Robotic Rehabilitation training...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141811/do-gait-patterns-differ-in-men-and-women-with-multiple-sclerosis
#14
Massimiliano Pau, Federica Corona, Giuseppina Pilloni, Micaela Porta, Giancarlo Coghe, Eleonora Cocco
BACKGROUND: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) affects men and women differently from several points of view: prevalence, severity of cognitive impairments and disability accumulation. However, it is unknown whether ambulatory dysfunctions are sex-related. This study investigated the existence of differences in spatio-temporal and kinematic parameters of gait in men and women with MS using 3D gait analysis. METHODS: Gait patterns of 60 people with MS (pwMS, 32F, 28M) with low to moderate disability (average Expanded Disability Status Scale score 3, range 1-5...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128525/respiratory-rehabilitation-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-narrative-review-of-rehabilitation-techniques
#15
REVIEW
J Levy, H Prigent, D Bensmail
BACKGROUND: Respiratory disorders in multiple sclerosis (MS) are an important issue. They can occur early during the course of the disease, are associated with the neurological impairment, and can lead to pneumonia and respiratory failure, which are the main causes of death in advanced MS. Prevailing impaired expiratory muscles and cough abilities has been demonstrated in this population and might constitute a specific target for rehabilitation interventions. However, international guidelines lack recommendations regarding respiratory rehabilitation in MS...
November 8, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120143/restless-legs-syndrome-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-%C3%A2-patient-experience-at-lipik-special-hospital-for-medical-rehabilitation
#16
Merisanda Časar Rovazdi, Viktor Vidović, Oto Kraml, Vanja Bašić Kes
The study included 60 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) hospitalized at our institution from September 1 to December 31, 2014. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in MS patients and RLS relationship with patient age, sex, degree of disability, form of MS, time elapsed from MS diagnosis and use of antidepressants. The diagnosis of RLS was made according to the criteria set by the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group. Of the 60 patients, 24 (40%) met the criteria for the existence of RLS...
March 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119933/pharmacological-and-non-pharmacological-therapies-of-cognitive-impairment-in-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Elzbieta Miller, Agnieszka Morel, Justyna Redlicka, Igor Miller, Joanna Saluk
Cognitive impairment is one of the most important clinical features of neurodegenerative disorders including multiple sclerosis (MS). Conducted research shows that up to 65 percent of MS patients have cognitive deficits such as episodic memory, sustained attention, reduced verbal fluency; however, the cognitive MS domain is information processing speed. It is the first syndrome of cognitive dysfunction and the most widely affected in MS. Occasionally these impairments occur even before the appearance of physical symptoms...
November 9, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112939/serious-games-for-arm-rehabilitation-of-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#18
Johanna Jonsdottir, Rita Bertoni, Michael Lawo, Angelo Montesano, Thomas Bowman, Silvia Gabrielli
OBJECTIVES: The feasibility and preliminary evidence for efficacy of a serious games platform compared to exergame using the Wii for arm rehabilitation in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) was investigated. METHODS: A pilot single-blind randomized (2:1) controlled in clinic trial was carried out. Sixteen persons with MS participated (age years 56.8 (SD 12.3), MS-onset years 19.4 (SD 12.3), EDSS 6.5). Ten participants used a serious games platform (Rehab@Home) while 6 participants played with the commercial Wii platform, for four weeks (40min, 12 sessions/4 weeks)...
October 28, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111839/the-interpretation-of-physical-activity-exercise-and-sedentary-behaviours-by-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Dominique Kinnett-Hopkins, Yvonne Learmonth, Elizabeth Hubbard, Lara Pilutti, Sarah Roberts, Jason Fanning, Thomas Wójcicki, Edward McAuley, Robert Motl
OBJECTIVES: This study adopted a qualitative research design with directed content analysis and examined the interpretations of physical activity, exercise, and sedentary behaviour by persons with multiple sclerosis. METHODS: Fifty three persons with multiple sclerosis who were enrolled in an exercise trial took part in semi-structured interviews regarding personal interpretations of physical activity, exercise, and sedentary behaviours. RESULTS: Forty three percent of participants indicated a consistent understanding of physical activity, 42% of participants indicated a consistent understanding of exercise, and 83% of participants indicated a consistent understanding of sedentary behaviour with the standard definitions...
November 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111007/performed-and-perceived-walking-ability-in-relation-to-the-expanded-disability-status-scale-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#20
D Langeskov-Christensen, P Feys, I Baert, M Riemenschneider, E Stenager, U Dalgas
BACKGROUND: The severity of walking impairment in persons with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) at different levels on the expanded disability status scale (EDSS) is unclear. Furthermore, it is unclear if the EDSS is differently related to performed- and perceived walking capacity tests. AIMS: To quantify walking impairment and perceived impact of MS on walking according to EDSS scores and to examine the relations between these parameters in pwMS. METHODS: EDSS was collected by neurologists and walking was assessed by the timed 25ft walk test (T25FWT), two minute walk test (2MWT), six minute walk test (6MWT) and the 12-item MS walking scale (MSWS-12) in 474 PwMS with mild (EDSS 1-4: n=200) to moderate (EDSS 4...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
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