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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920890/exercise-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#1
REVIEW
Robert W Motl, Brian M Sandroff, Gert Kwakkel, Ulrik Dalgas, Anthony Feinstein, Christoph Heesen, Peter Feys, Alan J Thompson
Exercise can be a beneficial rehabilitation strategy for people with multiple sclerosis to manage symptoms, restore function, optimise quality of life, promote wellness, and boost participation in activities of daily living. However, this population typically engages in low levels of health-promoting physical activity compared with adults from the general population, a fact which has not changed in the past 25 years despite growing evidence of the benefits of exercise. To overcome this challenge, the main limitations to promoting exercise through the patient-clinician interaction must be addressed...
October 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920876/a-new-era-of-multiple-sclerosis-rehabilitation-lessons-from-stroke
#2
Michelle Ploughman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920511/a-feasibility-study-of-working-memory-training-for-individuals-with-paediatric-onset-multiple-sclerosis
#3
Christine Till, Bravina Kuni, Elisea De Somma, E Ann Yeh, Brenda Banwell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and experiences of paediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (MS) patients completing a working memory training programme. METHODS: Nine paediatric-onset MS patients (mean age 19.3 ± 4.1 years) identified as having attention and/or working memory difficulties underwent a five-week (five days/week) internet-based working memory training programme (Cogmed™); weekly coaching was provided. Measures of adherence and tolerance were used to establish the feasibility of implementing computerised cognitive training...
September 18, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917696/brain-mapping-in-multiple-sclerosis-lessons-learned-about-the-human-brain
#4
REVIEW
Massimo Filippi, Paolo Preziosa, Maria A Rocca
The application of structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) has certainly helped to improve our understanding of the mechanisms responsible for clinical disability and cognitive impairment in this condition. The numerous studies performed in MS patients have also provided many lessons on the structure-function relationships in the human brain, which could be applied to healthy subjects and to patients affected by other neurological conditions...
September 13, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915856/exercise-prescription-for-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-potential-benefits-and-practical-recommendations
#5
Farzin Halabchi, Zahra Alizadeh, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Maryam Abolhasani
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) can result in significant mental and physical symptoms, specially muscle weakness, abnormal walking mechanics, balance problems, spasticity, fatigue, cognitive impairment and depression. Patients with MS frequently decrease physical activity due to the fear from worsening the symptoms and this can result in reconditioning. Physicians now believe that regular exercise training is a potential solution for limiting the reconditioning process and achieving an optimal level of patient activities, functions and many physical and mental symptoms without any concern about triggering the onset or exacerbation of disease symptoms or relapse...
September 16, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914385/multiple-sclerosis-and-rehabilitation-an-overview-of-the-different-rehabilitation-settings
#6
Andrea Tacchino, Giampaolo Brichetto, Paola Zaratin, Mario Alberto Battaglia, Michela Ponzio
To date, a lack of accurate information about how the different rehabilitation settings are actually delivered to people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) is still present. Here, we described how PwMS use the different rehabilitation settings in Italy. An observational retrospective study was designed and data collected through an anonymous questionnaire distributed attending MS clinical centers, rehabilitation units, or among PwMS affiliated to the Italian MS Society. We considered as settings: out-patient ambulatory therapy (OUT), hospitalized therapy (HOSP, in-patient and out-patient hospitalized therapy), and home-based therapy (HOME)...
September 15, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913349/brain-computer-interface-for-clinical-purposes-cognitive-assessment-and-rehabilitation
#7
REVIEW
Laura Carelli, Federica Solca, Andrea Faini, Paolo Meriggi, Davide Sangalli, Pietro Cipresso, Giuseppe Riva, Nicola Ticozzi, Andrea Ciammola, Vincenzo Silani, Barbara Poletti
Alongside the best-known applications of brain-computer interface (BCI) technology for restoring communication abilities and controlling external devices, we present the state of the art of BCI use for cognitive assessment and training purposes. We first describe some preliminary attempts to develop verbal-motor free BCI-based tests for evaluating specific or multiple cognitive domains in patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, disorders of consciousness, and other neurological diseases. Then we present the more heterogeneous and advanced field of BCI-based cognitive training, which has its roots in the context of neurofeedback therapy and addresses patients with neurological developmental disorders (autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder), stroke patients, and elderly subjects...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912625/cognitive-impairment-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-patients-with-very-mild-clinical-disability
#8
S Migliore, A Ghazaryan, I Simonelli, P Pasqualetti, F Squitieri, G Curcio, D Landi, M G Palmieri, F Moffa, M M Filippi, F Vernieri
Cognitive dysfunction affects 40-65% of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and can occur in the early stages of the disease. This study aimed to explore cognitive functions by means of the Italian version of the minimal assessment of cognitive function in MS (MACFIMS) in relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) patients with very mild clinical disability to identify the primarily involved cognitive functions. Ninety-two consecutive RRMS patients with Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) scores ≤ 2.5 and forty-two healthy controls (HC) were investigated...
2017: Behavioural Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895898/reducing-the-shared-burden-of-chronic-conditions-among-persons-aging-with-disability-and-older-adults-in-the-united-states-through-bridging-aging-and-disability
#9
REVIEW
Margaret L Campbell, Michelle Putnam
Persons aging with long-term disabilities such as spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis and older adults share similar chronic conditions in mid and later life in the United States. The rising general interest and more prevalent federal requirements for use of evidence-based practices (EBP) in health promotion and chronic condition interventions highlight the gap between demand and the availability of EBPs for persons aging with disability in particular. Addressing this gap will require focused efforts that will benefit substantially by bridging the fields of aging and disability/rehabilitation to develop new EBPs, translate existing EBPs across populations, and borrow best practices across fields where there are few current EBPs...
September 12, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870058/technologically-advanced-assessment-of-upper-limb-spasticity-a-pilot-study
#10
Federico Posteraro, Simona Crea, Stefano Mazzoleni, Mihai Berteanu, Ileana Ciobanu, Nicola Vitiello, Marco Cempini, Sabata Gervasio, Natalie Mrachacz-Kersting
BACKGROUND: Spasticity is a muscle disorder associated with upper motor neuron syndrome occurring in neurological disorders, such as stroke, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury and others. It influences the patient's rehabilitation, interfering with function, limiting independence, causing pain and producing secondary impairments, such as contractures or other complications. Due to the heterogeneity of clinical signs of spasticity, there is no agreement on the most appropriate assessment and measurement modality for the evaluation of treatment outcomes...
September 4, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828902/reporting-interventions-in-trials-evaluating-cognitive-rehabilitation-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#11
Jacqueline R Mhizha-Murira, Avril Drummond, Olga A Klein, Roshan dasNair
OBJECTIVE: To determine the quantity and quality of description of cognitive rehabilitation for cognitive deficits in people with multiple sclerosis, using a variety of published checklists, and suggest ways of improving the reporting of these interventions. DATA SOURCES: A total of 10 electronic databases were searched, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and PsycINFO, from inception to May 2017. Grey literature databases, trial registers, reference lists and author citations were also searched...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774220/prospective-memory-impairment-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-review
#12
Isabelle Rouleau, Emmanuelle Dagenais, Alexandra Tremblay, Mélanie Demers, Élaine Roger, Céline Jobin, Pierre Duquette
OBJECTIVE: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive disease of the central nervous system affecting information processing speed, episodic memory, attention, and executive functions. MS patients also often report prospective memory (PM) failures that directly impact their functional autonomy, including professional and social life. The purpose of this paper was to review the literature concerning the assessment and remediation of PM deficits in MS. METHOD: The literature pertaining to PM impairment in MS was carefully reviewed using PubMed, PsyINFO, and Google Scholar, as well as cross-references from the articles published on this topic...
August 4, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766025/determinants-of-botulinum-toxin-discontinuation-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-retrospective-study
#13
Pamela Latino, Letizia Castelli, Luca Prosperini, Maria Rita Marchetti, Carlo Pozzilli, Morena Giovannelli
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the long-term persistence to treatment with botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) for multiple sclerosis (MS)-related spasticity and the determinants of BoNT-A discontinuation in daily clinical setting. We retrospectively collected data of patients who started BoNT-A injections and underwent regular follow-up visits. Determinants of BoNT-A discontinuation were explored in a time-to-event Cox regression analysis which included as independent variables a large set of demographic and clinical characteristics...
August 1, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744132/the-most-important-psychological-and-psychosocial-needs-of-polish-multiple-sclerosis-patients-and-their-significant-others
#14
Andrzej Potemkowski, Waldemar Brola, Anna Ratajczak, Marcin Ratajczak, Mariusz Kowalewski, Małgorzata Lewita, Katarzyna Kapica-Topczewska, Joanna Tarasiuk, Adam Stępień, Katarzyna Gocyła-Dudar, Jacek Zaborski, Halina Bartosik-Psujek
BACKGROUND: People with multiple sclerosis (MS) and their relatives often have multiple, complex needs which require support from a wide range of services. The aim of the study, the first of its kind in Poland, was to identify the most important needs of patients with MS and their significant others (SO). METHODS: A questionnaire developed from focus groups consisting of 20 needs-related statements was administered in seven MS centers to 573 MS patients and 220 SO...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744060/effects-of-physiotherapy-treatment-for-urinary-incontinence-in-patient-with-multiple-sclerosis
#15
Carla Maria de Abreu Pereira, Mariane Castiglione, Karina Tamy Kasawara
[Purpose] The aim of the study was to evaluate the benefits of physical therapy for urinary incontinence in patients with multiple sclerosis and to verify the impact of urinary incontinence on the patient's quality of life. [Subject and Methods] A case study of a 55-year-old female patient diagnosed with multiple sclerosis and mixed urinary incontinence was conducted. Physical therapy sessions were conducted once a week, in total 15 sessions, making use of targeted functional electrical vaginal stimulation, along with active exercises for the pelvic floor muscles and electrical stimulation of the posterior tibial nerve, behavioral rehabilitation and exercise at home...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738376/evaluation-of-the-impact-of-cognitive-training-on-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Maria Grazia Grasso, Marco Broccoli, Paolo Casillo, Sheila Catani, Luca Pace, Alessandra Pompa, Francesco Rizzi, Elio Troisi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation in a group of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. METHODS: Thirty-four patients were included in this study and randomly allocated either to treatment with multidisciplinary rehabilitation plus cognitive training or to treatment with multidisciplinary rehabilitation alone. RESULTS: After 3 months of cognitive treatment, the patients assigned to the rehabilitation plus cognitive training group displayed an improvement in the cognitive test of executive function and a marked improvement in quality of life (QoL)...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737452/memory-rehabilitation-for-the-working-memory-of-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-ms
#17
Shokoufeh Mousavi, Hossein Zare, Masoud Etemadifar, Hamid Taher Neshatdoost
OBJECTIVE: The main cognitive impairments in multiple sclerosis (MS) affect the working memory, processing speed, and performances that are in close interaction with one another. Cognitive problems in MS are influenced to a lesser degree by disease recovery medications or treatments,but cognitive rehabilitation is considered one of the promising methods for cure. There is evidence regarding the effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation for MS patients in various stages of the disease...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735565/can-pharmacological-manipulation-of-ltp-favor-the-effects-of-motor-rehabilitation-in-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Mario Stampanoni Bassi, Letizia Leocani, Giancarlo Comi, Ennio Iezzi, Diego Centonze
BACKGROUND: Synaptic plasticity, the basic mechanism of clinical recovery after brain lesion, can also remarkably influence the clinical course of multiple sclerosis (MS). Physical rehabilitation represents the main treatment option to promote synaptic long-term potentiation (LTP) and to enhance spontaneous recovery of neurological deficits. OBJECTIVES: To overview the role of pharmacological treatment and physical rehabilitation in modulating LTP and enhancing clinical recovery in MS...
July 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732757/multimodal-exercise-training-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-persons-with-substantial-mobility-disability
#19
Brian M Sandroff, Rachel E Bollaert, Lara A Pilutti, Melissa L Peterson, Tracy Baynard, Bo Fernhall, Edward McAuley, Robert W Motl
BACKGROUND: Mobility disability is a common, debilitating feature of multiple sclerosis (MS). Exercise training has been identified as an approach to improve MS-related mobility disability. However, exercise randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on mobility in MS have generally not selectively targeted those with the onset of irreversible mobility disability. OBJECTIVES: The current multi-site RCT compared the efficacy of 6-months of supervised, multimodal exercise training with an active control condition for improving mobility, gait, physical fitness, and cognitive outcomes in persons with substantial MS-related mobility disability...
July 19, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713038/assessment-of-sexual-function-in-women-with-neurological-disorders-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Frédérique Courtois, Marina Gérard, Kathleen Charvier, David B Vodušek, Gérard Amarenco
BACKGROUND: Although the rehabilitation of sexual function has been identified as a top priority among women presenting neurological conditions, sexual function is rarely assessed in this clinical group. OBJECTIVES: To review published assessment tools of sexual dysfunction in women with neurological conditions including multiple sclerosis (MS), spinal cord injury (SCI), Parkinson disease, stroke, traumatic brain injury. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted with Medline via PubMed, PubMed Central, and Medline databases...
July 13, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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