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sliding hip screw

Harish Kempegowda, Raveesh Richard, Amrut Borade, Akhil Tawari, Abby M Howenstein, Erik N Kubiak, Michael Suk, Daniel S Horwitz
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role and the necessity of radiographs and office visits obtained during follow-up of intertrochanteric hip injuries. DESIGN: Retrospective study SETTING:: Two level I trauma centers. PATIENTS: 465 elderly patients who were surgically treated for an intertrochanteric fracture of the femur at two level I trauma centers between January 2009 and August 2014 were retrospectively identified from orthopaedic trauma databases...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
David Sanders, Dianne Bryant, Christina Tieszer, Abdel Lawendy, Mark MacLeod, Steven Papp, Liew Allan, Viskontas Darius, Coles Chad, Gurr Kevin, Carey Tim, Gofton Wade, Bailey Chris, Bartley Debra, Andrew Trenholm, Stone Trevor, Leighton Ross, Julia Foxall, Mauri Zomar, Kelly Trask
OBJECTIVES: To compare outcomes in elderly patients with intertrochanteric hip fractures treated with either the sliding hip screw (SHS) or InterTAN intramedullary device (IT). DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, multi-centre clinical trial SETTING:: Five level 1 trauma centresPatients/Participants: 249 patients aged 55 years or older with AO/OTA 31A1 (43) and OA/OTA 31A2 (206) fractures were prospectively enrolled and followed for 12 months. INTERVENTION: Computer generated randomization to either IT (n=123) or SHS (n=126)...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
José Cordero, Alfonso Maldonado, Sergio Iborra
PURPOSE: Analysis of significant risk factors for mortality and for medical and orthopaedic complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Observational study of a prospective consecutive cohort of 697 patients diagnosed of hip fracture from December 2012 to December 2014. Average age was 85±9years and 520 were female (75%). Intracapsular fractures (308, 44%) were treated non-operatively, (19 patients), with cannulated screws (58) or with hip arthroplasty (228 bipolar, 3 total hip atrhoplasty)...
September 2016: Injury
D P Dargan, F Callachand, O J Diamond, C K Connolly
INTRODUCTION: Intracapsular femoral neck fractures remain associated with high rates of post-traumatic femoral head necrosis, non-union, and revision surgery. AIM: Our aim was to identify factors associated with revision surgery in intracapsular femoral neck fractures treated with sliding hip screws (SHS) in adults aged <65 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive admissions were identified retrospectively from the Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast, which was the largest volume hospital on the National Hip Fracture Database...
September 6, 2016: Injury
Mayank Gupta, R-K Arya, Satish Kumar, Vijay-Kumar Jain, Skand Sinha, Ananta-Kumar Naik
PURPOSE: Both cannulated cancellous screw (CCS) and sliding hip screw (SHS) are used in femoral neck fracture fixations, but which is superior is yet to be determined. This study was aimed to compare the clinicoradiological outcome of femoral neck fracture treated with SHS or CCS in young adults. METHODS: Adults (16e60 years) with femoral neck fracture were divided into Group 1 fixed with SHS and Group 2 fixed with three CCS after closed reduction. Pain relief, functional recovery and postoperative radiographs at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months and then yearly for upto 4 years were analyzed...
August 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Mark E Hake, James A Goulet
Fractures of the tibial plateau are challenging injuries to treat. The lateral tibial plateau is fractured more commonly than the medial plateau and the workhorse approach for these fractures is the anterolateral approach. This approach allows visualization of the lateral joint, metaphysis, and can be extensile if there is shaft extension. We present our technique for performing the anterolateral approach while treating a Schatzker III tibial plateau fracture. Special attention is given to performing a submeniscal arthrotomy to view the joint surface and judge the reduction...
August 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Paul C Baldwin, Randy C Lavender, Roy Sanders, Kenneth J Koval
Intertrochanteric hip fractures are common and costly. Intramedullary fixation has gained popularity as a means of stabilizing intertrochanteric hip fractures. This review article presents some of the controversies surrounding the treatment of intertrochanteric fractures using a cephalomedullary nail. These topics include: nail length, the need for distal interlocking, proximal screw design, the number of proximal lag screws, and integrated proximal sliding lag screws.
July 16, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Sachiyuki Tsukada, Motohiro Wakui, Hiroshi Yoshizawa, Masunao Miyao, Takeshi Honma
BACKGROUND: Fixed angle sliding hip screw devices allow controlled impaction between the head neck fragment and the femoral shaft fragment in the surgical treatment of pertrochanteric fractures. This study was performed to evaluate the frequency and pattern of comminution at the fracture site, which may prevent the intended impaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three-dimensional computed tomography was used to investigate 101 pertrochanteric fractures treated with fixed angle sliding hip screw devices, with emphasis on the comminuted cortex...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Yue-Lei Zhang, Song Chen, Zi-Sheng Ai, You-Shui Gao, Jiong Mei, Chang-Qing Zhang
The present study was to analyze clinical outcome of Pauwels grade-3 femoral neck fractures treated by different surgical techniques. Potential risk factors associated with nonunion and osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) were investigated as well. The retrospective study comprised of 67 sequential patients treated between January 2008 and December 2011. Patients with Pauwels grade-3 femoral neck fractures were treated by operative reduction and internal fixation. Cannulated screws (CS) were used in 46 patients, dynamic hip screw plus CS (DHS+CS) in 14, and locking compression plate (LCP) for proximal femur in 7...
June 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
G Zarattini, L Breda, M Zacharia, F Sibona
INTRODUCTION: Hip fractures, which are common among old patients, are classified into two groups: intracapsular and extracapsular fractures. Extracapsular fractures can be treated with extramedullary implants [e.g. dynamic hip screw (DHS)] or intramedullary nails. Dynamic hip screw is the treatment of choice in stable pertrochanteric fractures. Intrapelvic migration of the sliding screw is a very rare complication. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 90-year old Caucasian woman who had an unusual intraoperative complication during osteosynthesis procedure for extracapsular hip fracture fixation...
July 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
C M Hoshino, M W Christian, R V O'Toole, T T Manson
BACKGROUND: We sought to compare the incidence of complications after fixation of displaced femoral neck fractures in young adults treated with fixed-angle devices versus multiple cancellous screws and a trochanteric lag screw (Pauwel screw). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study at a level I trauma centre. Sixty-two skeletally mature patients (age range, 16-60 years) with displaced femoral neck fractures were included in the study. Forty-seven were treated with a fixed-angle device (sliding hip plate with screw or helical blade) and 15 with multiple cancellous screws placed in a Pauwel configuration...
August 2016: Injury
X L Griffin, N Parsons, J McArthur, J Achten, M L Costa
AIMS: The aim of this study was to inform a definitive trial which could determine the clinical effectiveness of the X-Bolt Dynamic Hip Plating System compared with the sliding hip screw for patients with complex pertrochanteric fragility fractures of the femur. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a single centre, participant blinded, randomised, standard-of-care controlled pilot trial. Patients aged 60 years and over with AO/ASIF A2 and A3 type femoral pertrochanteric fractures were eligible...
May 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
Meir Marmor, Kate Liddle, Jenni Buckley, Amir Matityahu
INTRODUCTION: More than 10 % of proximal femur fractures repaired with either a sliding hip screw and side plate (SHS-P) or a sliding hip screw and intramedullary nail (SHS-IMN) demonstrate varus malreduction. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of varus or valgus loading on comminuted intertrochanteric fractures repaired with SHS-P or SHS-IMN constructs. METHODS: Unstable intertrochanteric fractures with segmental comminution were generated in 12 cadaver proximal femurs, six of which were fixed with an SHS-P and six with an SHS-IMN...
May 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Rogério Naim Sawaia, William Dias Belangero
The MINUS system was developed as a minimally invasive procedure that uses a diaphyseal cephalic extramedullary implant for the treatment of transtrochanteral fractures of the femur in elderly patients. The implant consists of a sliding screw coupled to a plate adapted to the minimally invasive technique. The surgical access is approximately three centimeters in length located on the lateral surface of the hip, below the projection of the small trochanter. A perfectly adapted instrument was used for the procedure, which also requires the use of an image intensifier, reducing surgery time and rate of bleeding...
January 2012: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Christian Fang, Paata Gudushauri, Tak-Man Wong, Tak-Wing Lau, Terence Pun, Frankie Leung
In osteoporotic hip fractures, fracture collapse is deliberately allowed by commonly used implants to improve dynamic contact and healing. The muscle lever arm is, however, compromised by shortening. We evaluated a cohort of 361 patients with AO/OTA 31.A1 or 31.A2 intertrochanteric fracture treated by the dynamic hip screw (DHS) who had a minimal follow-up of 3 months and an average follow-up of 14.6 months and long term survival data. The amount of fracture collapse and shortening due to sliding of the DHS was determined at the latest follow-up and graded as minimal (<1 cm), moderate (1-2 cm), or severe (>2 cm)...
2016: BioMed Research International
Ali Turgut, Önder Kalenderer, Levent Karapınar, Mert Kumbaracı, Hasan Ali Akkan, Haluk Ağuş
INTRODUCTION: Mechanical complications, such as cut-out of the head-neck fixation device, are the most common causes of morbidity after trochanteric femur fracture treatment. The causes of cut-out complications are well defined in patients who are treated with sliding hip screws and biaxial cephalomedullary nails but there are few reports about the patients who are treated with proximal femoral nail antirotation. AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the most important factor about occurance of cutout complication and also to evaluate the risks of the combination of each possible factors...
May 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Stefan Hajdu, Vilmos Vécsei
For nearly 40 years, extramedullary stabilization using the sliding hip screw and plate has been the standard fixation method for proximal femoral fractures. In patients with stable fractures, this device produces excellent results. However, in patients with unstable fractures, the sliding hip screw and plate is associated with an increased prevalence of complications, particularly cut-out, medialization of the shaft, shortening, and subsequent loss of reduction. For these reasons, there has been a sustained interest in the use of an intramedullary nail to treat proximal femoral fractures...
April 2007: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
S J Ponce, M P Laird, J P Waddell
INTRODUCTION: Pertrochanteric fractures of the proximal femur should be treated surgically, unless the medical condition of the patient does not allow it. Currently, there are two ways to fix these fractures; either with a sliding hip screw or with an intramedullary nail. However, there is much debate over which implant is the best for pertrochanteric fracture fixation. The sliding hip screw has been used over time with good clinical results. While it was true that with first generation intramedullary nails the risk of complications was higher, there is evidence supporting the superiority of intramedullary nails in these fractures when compared with sliding hip screws...
June 2014: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
M J Parker
Extramedullary fixation with a sliding hip screw remains the treatment of choice for the majority of trochanteric hip fractures. Attention to surgical detail is far more important that the actual choice of implant. The fracture must be reduced to an anatomical or slight valgus position using the fracture table. Surgical exposure need not be excessive as most fractures can be reduced by closed means. The position of the lag screw is critical to achieve a central to inferior position on the anterior-posterior radiograph and a central position on the lateral view...
June 2014: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Atesch Ateschrang, Karl-Klaus Dittel
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether the fixation device known as the dynamic Martin screw (DMS) offers a reasonable alternative for stabilizing intracapsular femoral neck fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 63 patients with intracapsular femoral neck fractures, stabilized between 1993 and 1997 with the DMS, were followed up in this retrospective study in both 1999 and 2002. The patients were on average 64 years of age, with 30 younger and 33 older than 65...
December 2007: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
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