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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538941/-nutritional-status-of-schoolchildren-of-the-national-child-and-youth-education-teaching-network-of-the-social-service-of-commerce-sesc-brazil-2012
#1
Luiz Antonio Dos Anjos, Willian Dimas Bezerra da Silveira
The objective of this study was to identify and describe the growth and nutritional anthropometric profile of children enrolled in the Sesc National Network of Elementary Education. It is a cross-sectional study conducted among 20,113 students (9,992 girls) from 83 schools aged from 3 to 17. Nutritional status was determined using the body mass index for age and stature for age according to the WHO criteria. Stunting was observed in only 1.6% (girls) and 1.3% (boys). Overweight + obesity was observed in 29...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538940/-the-implications-of-family-lack-of-concern-and-perception-of-obesity-in-childhood-in-the-city-of-curitiba-state-of-paran%C3%A3-brazil
#2
Daniele Ferreira Barbosa Dos Santos, Giovanna Chipon Strapasson, Samantha Daliana Pacheco Golin, Eliane Carneiro Gomes, Grace Maria Ferreira de Castro Wille, Sandra Mara Woranovicz Barreira
The scope of this study was to relate child obesity with the family's perception of the child's silhouette's and concern with excess weight in childhood A cross-sectional study was conducted among children aged between 20 and 48 months who frequent Health Units or are preschoolers in the city of Curitiba from June to December 2014. A questionnaire was used to collect data relating to family income, weight, height, perception of child silhouette's and assess concern about obesity by parents. Overweight and obesity was not correctly perceived by relations (kappa = 0,11) and the vast majority of parents did not know the child's height and weight and were not even concerned with childhood obesity...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538854/-obesity-in-children-risk-factors-and-strategies-for-its-prevention-in-peru
#3
Carlos M Del Águila Villar
The prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents represents an emerging public health problem in Peru, so it is necessary to be aware of the different risk factors in order to establish suitable and efficient prevention measures. These should contribute to health strategies such as promoting physical activity and a healthy diet to ensure that the infant population reaches adulthood without chronic diseases and with an adequate quality of life.
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538844/-prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-macrosomia-in-peru-2013
#4
Antonio José Ledo Alves da Cunha, Manuel Sobrino Toro, César Gutiérrez, Jorge Alarcón-Villaverde
Objectives: To determine the prevalence of macrosomia and factors associated with it in Peru and to describe the occurrence of complications peri- and postpartum. Materials and Methods: Birth weights of children under the age of 5 years were analyzed using data from the 2013 Demographic and Family Health Survey (ENDES) carried out by the Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática. Children with a birth weight higher than 4000 g were considered macrosomic...
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538532/identification-and-management-of-obese-patients-in-a-pediatric-orthopaedic-clinic
#5
Natalia Davila, Joy Vess, Emily E Johnson
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a complex healthcare problem that affects all aspects of a child's health. The American Academy of Pediatrics and the Expert Committee recommends that all children be evaluated for current medical conditions including the risk for obesity by identifying elevated body mass index (BMI), physical activity habits, and diet. Childhood obesity is defined as a BMI of 95th percentile or greater on standardized age-based growth charts. Abdominal and visceral fat mass has a negative effect on bone formation during childhood and adolescence...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535172/invited-commentary-the-framingham-offspring-study-a-pioneering-investigation-into-familial-aggregation-of-cardiovascular-risk
#6
JoAnn E Manson, Shari S Bassuk
Launched in 1948, the Framingham Heart Study was a seminal prospective cohort study of 5,209 adult residents of Framingham, Massachusetts, that was designed to uncover the determinants and natural history of coronary heart disease. Data from this original cohort established the cardiac threat posed by high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, obesity, physical inactivity, diabetes, and other factors. In the late 1960s, investigators conceived the innovative idea of assembling a second cohort that comprised the adult children of the original study population (and these children's spouses)...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535165/parental-body-mass-index-and-behavioral-problems-in-their-offspring-a-danish-national-birth-cohort-study
#7
Susanne Hvolgaard Mikkelsen, Lena Hohwü, Jørn Olsen, Bodil Hammer Bech, Zeyan Liew, Carsten Obel
Maternal obesity has been associated with increased risk of offspring behavioral problems. We examined whether this association could be explained by familial factors by comparing associations for maternal body mass index (BMI) with associations for paternal BMI. We studied 38,314 children born to mothers enrolled in the Danish National Birth Cohort during 1996-2002. Data on maternal BMI was collected at 15 weeks of gestation, and paternal BMI was assessed when the child was 18 months old. When the child was 7 years old, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire was completed by the parents...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534818/a-review-of-the-impact-of-maternal-obesity-on-the-cognitive-function-and-mental-health-of-the-offspring
#8
REVIEW
Laura Contu, Cheryl A Hawkes
Globally, more than 20% of women of reproductive age are currently estimated to be obese. Children born to obese mothers are at higher risk of developing obesity, coronary heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and asthma in adulthood. Increasing clinical and experimental evidence suggests that maternal obesity also affects the health and function of the offspring brain across the lifespan. This review summarizes the current findings from human and animal studies that detail the impact of maternal obesity on aspects of learning, memory, motivation, affective disorders, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorders, and neurodegeneration in the offspring...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534124/parental-misperception-of-child-s-weight-and-related-factors-within-family-norms
#9
Seo Ah Hong, Karl Peltzer, Chutima Jalayondeja
PURPOSE: Parental perception of their child's weight may be a crucial factor in parental ability for action with regard to their child's weight problem. This aim of this study was to investigate parental perception of their child's weight status and dietary healthiness, amount of food consumed and physical activity level and its related factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among children (Grades 4-6) selected by cluster sampling in two schools...
May 22, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532446/dual-burden-of-malnutrition-in-us-affiliated-pacific-jurisdictions-in-the-children-s-healthy-living-program
#10
Rachel Novotny, Fenfang Li, Rachael Leon Guerrero, Patricia Coleman, Aifili J Tufa, Andrea Bersamin, Jonathan Deenik, Lynne R Wilkens
BACKGROUND: Few data are available on dual burden of under and over nutrition of children in the Pacific region. The objective was to examine prevalence of stunting at birth and current stunting and their relationship to obesity in US Affiliated Pacific (USAP) jurisdictions. METHODS: Cross sectional survey with cluster sampling by community. 5558, 2-8 years olds were measured in 51 communities in 11 USAP jurisdictions. The main outcome measures were stunting at birth, current stunting and obesity by body mass index...
May 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532405/red-meat-and-chicken-consumption-and-its-association-with-high-blood-pressure-and-obesity-in-south-korean-children-and-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-kshes-2011-2015
#11
Geum Hee Kim, Sang Won Shin, Juneyoung Lee, Jun Hyun Hwang, Soon-Woo Park, Jin Soo Moon, Hyun Jung Kim, Hyeong Sik Ahn
BACKGROUND: The impact of meat consumption on high blood pressure (HBP) and obesity in children and adolescents is a subject of debate. The aim of this study was thus to evaluate the association between meat consumption and both HBP and obesity in this group. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis using nationally representative samples of children and adolescents aged 9, 12, and 15 years old (n = 136,739) who were included in the Korea School Health Examination Survey (KSHES) for the 2011-2015 period...
May 22, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531776/the-nutritional-value-of-food-service-meals-ordered-by-hospitalized-children
#12
Jeannie S Huang, Stanford Chun, Christopher Cheung, Linda Poon, Laura Terrones
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: US hospitals routinely provide food to hospitalized children. The nutritional content of provided foods has not been evaluated. We performed our study to examine meal orders of hospitalized youth and determine whether the nutritional contents of ordered meals meet dietary guidelines. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional evaluation among hospitalized youth ≥1 y receiving all nutritional intake by mouth and not on a clear liquid diet. Meal orders from hospitalized youth were analyzed for nutritional content...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531774/clinical-assessment-underestimates-fat-mass-and-overestimates-resting-energy-expenditure-in-children-with-neuromuscular-diseases
#13
Salesa Barja, Regina Pérez
BACKGROUND: Nutritional problems are frequent among patients with neuromuscular diseases, who consequently need an adequate evaluation. OBJECTIVE: to describe nutritional assessment and to estimate and measure body composition and energy requirement in children with neuromuscular diseases. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We performed anthropometry, skinfold measurement and bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) for estimate and measure, respectively, fat mass (FM)...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531613/lifestyle-determinants-of-childhood-obesity-results-from-the-%C3%A2-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-%C3%A2-program-national-action-for-children-s-health-2013-2014
#14
Maria Maraki, Michael Georgoulis, Glykeria Psarra, Konstantinos Tambalis, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Labros Sidossis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531589/investigation-of-the-relationship-between-obesity-insulin-resistance-and-vitamin-d-insufficiency-in-prepubertal-school-aged-children
#15
Christina Filippou, George Moschonis, Anna Katsadoura, Katerina Sarapi, Yannis Μanios
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531588/investigation-of-dietary-habits-and-obesity-rates-of-thessaloniki-primary-school-children-aged-6-to-12-and-surveying-the-parents-opinions-about-their-children-s-eating-behaviour
#16
Eleni Giannakidou, Nikolaos Rigopoulos, Antonios Koutelidakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531585/predictive-validity-of-core-index-in-predicting-obesity-in-a-national-representative-sample-of-children-and-adolescents-in-greece
#17
Alexandra Georgiou, Elpida Vlachopapadopoulou, George Moschonis, Theodora Psaltopoulou, Fotini Karachaliou, Dimitra Koutsouki, Grigoris Bogdanis, Vilelmini Karagianni, Anastasia Papadopoulou, Yannis Manios, Aggelos Chatzakis, Stefanos Michalakos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531580/obesity-rates-and-correlation-to-nutritional-habits-in-a-sample-of-children-aged-9-12-in-primary-schools-of-lemnos
#18
Spyridoula Tsiliou, Nikolaos Rigopoulos, Antonios Koutelidakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531133/urban-rural-disparities-in-energy-intake-and-contribution-of-fat-and-animal-source-foods-in-chinese-children-aged-4-17-years
#19
Ji Zhang, Dantong Wang, Alison L Eldridge, Feifei Huang, Yifei Ouyang, Huijun Wang, Bing Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Excessive energy intake and poor food choices are major health concerns associated with overweight and obesity risk. This study aims to explore disparities in energy intake and the contributions from fat and animal source foods among Chinese school-aged children and adolescents in different communities based on urbanization levels. DESIGN: Three consecutive 24 h recalls were used to assess dietary intake. Subjects' height and weight were measured using standard equipment...
May 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531113/retrospective-evaluation-of-metformin-and-or-metformin-plus-a-new-polysaccharide-complex-in-treating-severe-hyperinsulinism-and-insulin-resistance-in-obese-children-and-adolescents-with-metabolic-syndrome
#20
Stefano Stagi, Franco Ricci, Martina Bianconi, Maria Amina Sammarco, Giovanna Municchi, Sonia Toni, Lorenzo Lenzi, Alberto Verrotti, Maurizio de Martino
Background: Pharmacological treatment of obesity and glucose-insulin metabolism disorders in children may be more difficult than in adults. Thus, we evaluate the effects of metformin in comparison with metformin plus a polysaccharide complex (Policaptil Gel Retard(®), PGR) on body weight and metabolic parameters in obese children and adolescents with metabolic syndrome (MetS). Patients and methods: We retrospectively collected 129 children and adolescents (67 girls, 62 boys; median age 12.6 years) treated for a minimum of two years with metformin and low glycemic index (LGI) diet...
May 20, 2017: Nutrients
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