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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102505/maternal-characteristics-and-incidence-of-overweight-obesity-in-children-a-13-year-follow-up-study-in-an-eastern-mediterranean-population
#1
Sara Jalali-Farahani, Parisa Amiri, Behnood Abbasi, Mehrdad Karimi, Leila Cheraghi, Maryam Sadat Daneshpour, Fereidoun Azizi
Objectives To investigate clustering of parental sociobehavioral factors and their relationship with the incidence of overweight and obesity in Iranian children. Methods Demographics, body weight, and certain medical characteristics of the parents of 2999 children were used to categorize parents by cluster; children's weights were assessed for each cluster. Specifically, survival analysis and Cox regression models were used to test the effect of parental clustering on the incidence of childhood overweight and obesity...
January 19, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102500/rates-and-predictors-of-caesarean-section-for-first-and-second-births-a-prospective-cohort-of-australian-women
#2
Alexis Hure, Jennifer Powers, Catherine Chojenta, Deborah Loxton
Objective To determine rates of vaginal delivery, emergency caesarean section, and elective caesarean section for first and second births in Australia, and to identify maternal predictors of caesarean section. Methods Data were from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health. A total of 5275 women aged 18-38 years, who had given birth to their first child between 1996 and 2012 were included; 75.0% (n = 3956) had delivered a second child. Mode of delivery for first and second singleton birth(s) was obtained from longitudinal survey data...
January 19, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101933/associations-of-common-variants-in-the-slc16a11-tcf7l2-and-abca1-genes-with-pediatric-onset-type-2-diabetes-and-related-glycemic-traits-in-families-a-case-control-and-case-parent-trio-study
#3
América L Miranda-Lora, Miguel Cruz, Mario Molina-Díaz, Jorge Gutiérrez, Samuel Flores-Huerta, Miguel Klünder-Klünder
BACKGROUND: There is evidence of associations of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and related glycemic traits in adults, but there is a little information about such associations in youths. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations of SNPs in the TCF7L2, SLC16A11, and ABCA1 genes with T2D and related glycemic traits in Mexican children and adolescents. SUBJECTS: A total of 99 families with children with T2D (n = 327) and 83 families with children without the disease (n = 212)...
January 19, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101773/what-is-the-appropriate-strategy-for-diagnosing-nafld-using-ultrasonography-in-obese-children
#4
Jee Hyun Lee, Su Jin Jeong
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to identify obese children who are candidates for a potential diagnosis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: We enrolled 242 obese children (122 boys and 120 girls) aged 7-16 years who were examined with abdominal ultrasonography in our pediatric obesity clinic. We compared patients in the normal group with those in the NAFLD group (mild disease, moderate to severe disease) and identified the optimal anthropometric parameters among height, weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, hip circumference, waist to height ratio (WHtR), and waist to hip ratio to predict NAFLD using a receiver operating characteristic curve analysis...
January 19, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100915/whole-exome-sequencing-study-reveals-common-copy-number-variants-in-protocadherin-genes-associated-with-childhood-obesity-in-koreans
#5
S Moon, M Y Hwang, H B Jang, S Han, Y J Kim, J-Y Hwang, H-J Lee, S I Park, J Song, B-J Kim
Recently, the prevalence of childhood obesity has significantly increased in industrialized countries, including Korea, and now controlling obesity is becoming an economic burden. However, knowledge of the risk factors associated with obesity is still limited. In this study, we aimed to discover additional obesity-associated loci in children. To achieve this, we conducted an exome-wide association analysis of copy number variation (CNV) using whole-exome sequencing (WES) data from a total of 102 cases and 86 controls...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099296/a-reexamination-of-the-accuracy-of-the-broselow-tape-as-an-instrument-for-weight-estimation
#6
Muhammad Waseem, Justin Chen, Mark Leber, Ashley E Giambrone, Linda M Gerber
BACKGROUND: Accurate weight estimation is important for calculating appropriate medication dosages, determining rates of fluid replacement, and selecting correct equipment sizes in critically ill children requiring resuscitation. The actual measurement of the weight of a critically ill or injured child is often not possible. The Broselow Pediatric Emergency Tape (BT) is an important tool for predicting a child's weight based on his/her height. Although BT has previously been validated, given the increasing prevalence of obesity in today's society, it behooves clinicians relying on this resuscitation aid to revisit the issue...
January 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099295/comparison-of-resource-utilization-and-length-of-hospitalization-between-overweight-and-healthy-weight-pediatric-trauma-patients-presenting-to-a-pediatric-emergency-department-with-moderate-to-severe-injury-a-prospective-study
#7
Theresa Romano, Ioannis Koutroulis, Evan Weiner, Anthony Little, Sabina Singh
OBJECTIVES: Our study aimed to compare overweight and healthy-weight pediatric trauma patient outcomes, specifically with respect to hospital length of stay and resource utilization. We hypothesized that overweight pediatric trauma patients would have increased hospital length of stay and radiographic study use compared with their healthy-weight counterparts. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational, cohort study of pediatric trauma patients aged 2 to 19 years presenting to an urban pediatric emergency department over a period of 1 year...
January 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099209/functional-neuroimaging-in-obesity
#8
Laura Patriarca, Greta Magerowski, Miguel Alonso-Alonso
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review examines recent advances in the use of functional neuroimaging to study human obesity, a field that is rapidly expanding and continues to be of paramount importance for a better understanding of the pathogenesis of this condition. With rising levels of obesity worldwide and limited therapeutic options, there is a great need for the development of new solutions that can benefit patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies that utilize functional neuroimaging are beginning to shed light on the nature of behavioral and neurocognitive dysfunctions previously identified in individuals with obesity...
January 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099129/the-association-between-obesity-hypertension-and-left-ventricular-mass-in-adolescents
#9
Saime Ergen Dibeklioglu, Berna Şaylan Çevik, Banu Acar, Zeynep Birsin Özçakar, Nermin Uncu, Nazlı Kara, Şemsa Çaycı, Nilgün Çakar
BACKGROUND: Obesity and hypertension (HT) are well known cardiac risk factors. Our goal was to show that even if arterial blood pressure (BP) measurements of obese adolescents are normal during clinical examination, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) can be high, may include cardiac involvement and can also detect left ventricular mass indices (LVMI) value for obese adolescents to diagnose left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). METHODS: This study included 130 children (57 obese hypertensive, 36 obese normotensive, 14 normal weight hypertensive and 23 normal weight normotensive)...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099127/prevalence-risk-factors-and-consequences-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-schoolchildren-a-cross-sectional-study-in-kashmir-india
#10
Mohd Ashraf Ganie, Gulzar Ahmad Bhat, Ishfaq Ahmad Wani, Aafia Rashid, Showkat Ali Zargar, Bashir Ahmad Charoo, Zaffar Amin Shah, Syed Mudassar
BACKGROUND: Obesity among children and adolescents is a growing public health problem. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, risk factors and metabolic consequences of obesity among schoolchildren from Kashmir, India. METHODS: The study subjects (n=2024) included 870 boys and 1154 girls, aged between 6 and 18 years. Data were collected by interviewer-administered questionnaires. Information was obtained about different lifestyles, anthropometric parameters and dietary habits...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099058/two-site-appendectomy-in-children-description-of-technique-and-outcomes
#11
Bethany J Slater, Steven S Rothenberg
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic appendectomy is one of the most common operations. Single-site appendectomy has been gaining popularity; however, it has certain disadvantages. The purpose of this study was to review the results of an essentially scarless laparoscopic appendectomy technique. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients who underwent two-site appendectomy for appendicitis between January 2015 and February 2016 was performed. For all cases, a 4 mm trocar and a 5 mm trocar were placed through an infraumbilical incision and a 3 mm trocar was placed in the suprapubic region...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099048/effects-of-enhancing-school-based-body-mass-index-screening-reports-with-parent-education-on-report-utility-and-parental-intent-to-modify-obesity-risk-factors
#12
Lisa Bailey-Davis, Karissa L Peyer, Yinan Fang, Jae-Kwang Kim, Greg J Welk
BACKGROUND: School-based body mass index screenings (SBMIS) have been controversial. We aimed to determine if parents would indicate improved utility with SBMIS when the report included parent education and whether parental intent to modify obesity risk factors would vary with report type or child weight. METHODS: A cluster-controlled trial was conducted with 31 elementary schools randomized to distribute a standard SBMIS report or the standard report plus education (SBMIS+)...
January 18, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097834/high-blood-pressure-in-school-children-and-adolescents-in-argentina-over-the-past-25-years-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#13
Alejandro Díaz, Luciana Calandra
INTRODUCTION: Over the past years, hypertension has been recognized as an important health problem in the pediatric population. A systematic review of observational studies published between 1988 and 2014 was conducted to estimate the prevalence of high blood pressure and cardiovascular risk factors among children and adolescents in Argentina. POPULATION AND METHODS: A bibliographic search was done in MEDLINE, SciELO, and LILACS to look for studies on high blood pressure prevalence in school children and adolescents in Argentina...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097807/parent-adolescent-influences-on-everyday-dietary-practices-perceptions-of-adolescent-females-with-obesity-and-their-mothers
#14
Megan R Winkler, Elizabeth D Moore, Gary G Bennett, Sarah C Armstrong, Debra H Brandon
Parents demonstrate an important influence on adolescent obesity and dietary behavior; yet, family-based obesity interventions continue to exhibit limited success among adolescents. To further inform family-based approaches for adolescent obesity treatment, we examined the perceptions of adolescent females with obesity and their mothers of the influences experienced within the parent-adolescent relationship that affect everyday dietary practices. We conducted six focus group interviews (three adolescent female and three mother) among 15 adolescent (12-17 years old) females with obesity and 12 of their mothers...
January 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097514/cumulative-risk-exposure-and-waist-circumference-in-preschool-aged-children-the-mediating-role-of-television-and-moderating-role-of-sex
#15
Anna H Grummon, Amber Vaughn, Deborah J Jones, Dianne S Ward
BACKGROUND: Children exposed to multiple stressors are more likely to be overweight, but little is known about the mechanisms explaining this association. PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study examined whether children exposed to multiple stressors had higher waist circumference, and whether this association was mediated through children's television time. METHODS: Participants were 319 parent-child dyads. Children were 2-5 years old and had at least one overweight parent (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2))...
January 17, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095969/body-fat-distribution-ratios-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-severity-in-youth-with-obesity
#16
Amy Glicksman, Stasia Hadjiyannakis, Nicholas Barrowman, Scott Walker, Lynda Hoey, Sherri Lynne Katz
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Obesity and regional fat distribution, measured by neck fat mass percentage using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), correlate with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity in adults. In obese children, neck-to-waist-circumference ratio predicts OSA. This study examined associations between body fat percentage and distribution and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) severity in obese youth, measured with DXA. METHODS: Cross-sectional retrospective study conducted at a tertiary children's hospital...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095749/obese-adolescents-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-have-elevated-cardiovascular-disease-risk-markers
#17
Sonali S Patel, Uyen Truong, Martina King, Annie Ferland, Kerrie L Moreau, Jennifer Dorosz, John E Hokanson, Hong Wang, Gregory L Kinney, David M Maahs, Robert H Eckel, Kristen J Nadeau, Melanie Cree-Green
Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) have evidence of subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, insulin resistance, an important factor in the development of CVD in adults, is common in adolescents with PCOS, yet data in adolescents are limited. Therefore, we sought to measure insulin resistance and CVD markers in obese youth with and without PCOS. Thirty-six PCOS and 17 non-PCOS adolescent girls who were obese, sedentary, and non-hypertensive were recruited from clinics located within the Children's Hospital Colorado...
January 1, 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093689/characterizing-a-big-data-cohort-of-over-200-000-low-income-u-s-infants-and-children-for-obesity-research-the-advance-early-life-cohort
#18
J Boone-Heinonen, C J Tillotson, J P O'Malley, E K Cottrell, J A Gaudino, A Amofah, M L Rivo, A Brickman, K Mayer, M A McBurnie, R Gold, J E DeVoe
Introduction Low-income populations have elevated exposure to early life risk factors for obesity, but are understudied in longitudinal research. Our objective was to assess the utility of a cohort derived from electronic health record data from safety net clinics for investigation of obesity emerging in early life. Methods We examined data from the PCORNet ADVANCE Clinical Data Research Network, a national network of Federally-Qualified Health Centers serving >1.7 million safety net patients across the US...
January 16, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093572/longitudinal-changes-in-body-mass-index-of-children-affected-by-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#19
W Zheng, H Yokomichi, H Matsubara, M Ishikuro, M Kikuya, T Isojima, S Yokoya, T Tanaka, N Kato, S Chida, A Ono, M Hosoya, S Tanaka, S Kuriyama, S Kure, Z Yamagata
BACKGROUND: The evacuation and disruption in housing caused by the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and following nuclear radiation may have influenced child health in many respects. However, studies regarding longitudinal childhood growth are limited. Therefore, in this study we aimed to explore the influence of the earthquake on longitudinal changes in body mass index in preschool children. METHODS: Participants were children from nursery schools that cooperated with the study in the Iwate, Miyagi, and Fukushima Prefectures...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092152/issues-in-nutrition-dietary-considerations-in-select-chronic-conditions
#20
Margaret E Thompson, Mary Barth Noel
Chronic diseases that affect the gastrointestinal tract also tend to affect nutrition. The incidence of chronic liver disease is increasing. As the prevalence of obesity rises, so do the incidences of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Patients with chronic liver disease usually have some degree of malnutrition. In the absence of encephalopathy, patients with chronic liver disease should consume more protein than that in the average diet. There is some controversy about whether diet plays a role in the development of inflammatory bowel disease...
January 2017: FP Essentials
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