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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441444/contexts-of-occurrence-of-child-malnutrition-in-the-district-of-villaguay-entre-r%C3%A3-os-argentina-a-multivariate-analysis
#1
María Laura Bergel Sanchís, María Florencia Cesani, Evelia Edith Oyhenart
The analysis of nutritional status is anthropologically important to address the complex interaction of biological, social, political, economic and cultural factors. To deepen the knowledge about contexts of occurrence of child malnutrition, we analyzed nutritional status in relation to socio-environmental conditions of residence in children between three and six years from Villaguay, Entre Ríos, Argentina. We performed a cross-sectional study of 1,435 school children of both sexes. Body weight and height were measured and prevalence of low height/age (LH/A), low weight/age (LW/A), low BMI/age (LBMI/A), overweight (Ow) and obesity (Ob) was calculated using World Health Organization reference charts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434427/prenatal-fish-oil-supplementation-and-early-childhood-development-in-the-upstate-kids-study
#2
K Vollet, A Ghassabian, R Sundaram, N Chahal, E H Yeung
Fish oil contains omega-3 fatty acids, which play a vital role in fetal growth and development. In utero exposure to omega-3 fatty acids is exclusively dependent on maternal nutrition. Previous studies have suggested that prenatal fish oil supplementation has positive impacts on child neurodevelopment later in life. This study examines the associations between fish oil supplementation both before pregnancy and throughout pregnancy and subsequent child development. Mother-child pairs from the Upstate KIDS Study, a birth cohort consisting of children born between 2008 and 2010, were included...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433876/maternal-responsivity-to-infants-in-the-high-chair-assessment-longitudinal-relations-with-toddler-outcomes-in-a-diverse-low-income-sample
#3
Colleen R O'Neal, Lynsey Weston, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Lisa J Berlin, Ranga Atapattu
Infant-parent interactions occur across many situations, yet most home-based assessments of parenting behaviors are conducted under conditions of low stress, such as free play. In this study, low-income mothers from the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project were observed at home interacting with their 14-month-olds in the mildly stressful "High Chair" assessment (n=1718 dyads). This methodological study tested whether High Chair maternal responsiveness and detachment predicted later toddler cognitive and emotion outcomes, over and above equivalent maternal predictors during free play...
April 20, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433091/internet-delivered-parenting-program-for-prevention-and-early-intervention-of-anxiety-problems-in-young-children-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Amy J Morgan, Ronald M Rapee, Agus Salim, Nahal Goharpey, Elli Tamir, Lauren F McLellan, Jordana K Bayer
OBJECTIVE: The Cool Little Kids parenting group program is an effective intervention for preventing anxiety disorders in young children who are at risk because of inhibited temperament. The program has six group sessions delivered by trained psychologists to parents of 3- to 6-year-old children. An online adaptation (Cool Little Kids Online) has been developed to overcome barriers to its wide dissemination in the community. This study tested the efficacy of Cool Little Kids Online in a randomized controlled trial...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430388/associations-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-non-medical-use-of-prescription-drugs-among-chinese-adolescents
#5
Lan Guo, Yan Xu, Jianxiong Deng, Xue Gao, Guoliang Huang, Jinghui Huang, Xueqing Deng, Wei-Hong Zhang, Ciyong Lu
AIMS: To test, among Chinese adolescents: (1) whether childhood maltreatment is associated with non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD), (2) whether there are interaction effects of childhood maltreatment and depressive symptoms on NMUPD. DESIGN: A secondary analysis of the cross-sectional data collected from 7(th) and 12(th) graders who were sampled using a multistage, stratified cluster, random sampling method in the 2015 School-based Chinese Adolescents Health Survey (SCAHS)...
April 21, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430137/parent-partner-co-parent-or-partnership-the-need-for-clarity-as-family-systems-thinking-takes-hold-in-the-quest-to-motivate-behavioural-change
#6
Chris May, Li Kheng Chai, Tracy Burrows
Research is increasingly pointing to the importance of extending the focus of childhood obesity intervention to include fathers, fathering figures, and other members of a child's primary parenting network. Advances in communication technology are now making it possible to achieve this aim, within current resources, using modalities such text messaging, web-based resources and apps that extend intervention to parents not in attendance at face to face interactions. However, published research is often unclear as to which parent/s they targeted or engaged with, whether interventions planned to influence behaviours and capabilities across family systems, and how this can be achieved...
April 21, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429467/conditional-random-slope-a-new-approach-for-estimating-individual-child-growth-velocity-in-epidemiological-research
#7
Michael Leung, Diego G Bassani, Amy Racine-Poon, Anna Goldenberg, Syed Asad Ali, Gagandeep Kang, Prasanna S Premkumar, Daniel E Roth
OBJECTIVES: Conditioning child growth measures on baseline accounts for regression to the mean (RTM). Here, we present the "conditional random slope" (CRS) model, based on a linear-mixed effects model that incorporates a baseline-time interaction term that can accommodate multiple data points for a child while also directly accounting for RTM. METHODS: In two birth cohorts, we applied five approaches to estimate child growth velocities from 0 to 12 months to assess the effect of increasing data density (number of measures per child) on the magnitude of RTM of unconditional estimates, and the correlation and concordance between the CRS and four alternative metrics...
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428763/adhd-lifestyles-and-comorbidities-a-call-for-an-holistic-perspective-from-medical-to-societal-intervening-factors
#8
REVIEW
Simon Weissenberger, Radek Ptacek, Martina Klicperova-Baker, Andreja Erman, Katerina Schonova, Jiri Raboch, Michal Goetz
The review examines Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD in its Child and Adult form) and its various presentations (Hyperactive Impulsive, Inattentive, and Combined) with a particular focus on environmental (incl. social factors), lifestyles and comorbidities. It is argued that ADHD is best understood in a holistic and interactive context and a vast empirical literature is presented to illustrate the point: Environmental factors include stress in general as well as exposure to toxins (phthalates, bisphenol A)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426248/variability-in-neurocognitive-performance-age-gender-and-school-related-differences-in-children-and-from-ages-6-to-12
#9
Renata Kochhann, Hosana Alves Gonçalves, Janice da Rosa Pureza, Vanisa Fante Viapiana, Flavia Dos Passos Fonseca, Rochele Paz Fonseca, Jerusa Fumagali Salles
Cognitive development in children presents peculiarities according to groups of age, gender, and type of school. Few studies have been investigating the effects of all these factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the main effects and the interactions of age, gender, and type of school in 419 children from ages 6 to 12 years old evaluated by the Child Brief Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (NEUPSILIN-Inf). Older children, children in private schools and girls presented better results. Interactions between all three independent variables were observed in different cognitive domains...
April 20, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426239/performance-of-an-artificial-pancreas-system-for-young-children-with-type-1-diabetes
#10
Mark D DeBoer, Marc D Breton, Christian Wakeman, Elaine M Schertz, Emma G Emory, Jessica L Robic, Laura L Kollar, Boris P Kovatchev, Daniel R Cherñavvsky
BACKGROUND: Young children 5-8 years old with type 1 diabetes (T1D) exhibit clear needs for improved glycemic control but may be limited in their ability to safely interact with an artificial pancreas system. Our goal was to evaluate the safety and performance of an artificial pancreas (AP) system among young children with T1D. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In a randomized, crossover trial, children with T1D age 5-8 years were enrolled to receive on separate study periods (in random order) either the UVa AP using the DiAs Control Platform software with child-resistant lock-out screens (followed as an out-patient admission) or their usual insulin pump+continuous glucose monitor (CGM) care at home...
April 20, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425728/parent-teacher-child-child-relationships-and-engagement-at-school-entry-mediating-interactive-and-transactional-associations-across-contexts
#11
Melissa Castle Heatly, Elizabeth Votruba-Drzal
Early school engagement patterns set the stage for short- and long-term academic behaviors and progress, and low engagement at school entry can give rise to dysfunctional school behavior and underachievement in later years. Relationships with parents and teachers provide a foundation upon which children develop the skills and behaviors that are critical for engagement in early elementary school. However, the cross-contextual and transactional processes by which these relationships are associated with engagement in early elementary school remain unclear...
April 20, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425727/longitudinal-associations-of-neighborhood-collective-efficacy-and-maternal-corporal-punishment-with-behavior-problems-in-early-childhood
#12
Julie Ma, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor
Neighborhood and parenting influences on early behavioral outcomes are strongly dependent upon a child's stage of development. However, little research has jointly considered the longitudinal associations of neighborhood and parenting processes with behavior problems in early childhood. To address this limitation, this study explores the associations of neighborhood collective efficacy and maternal corporal punishment with the longitudinal patterns of early externalizing and internalizing behavior problems...
April 20, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425318/exploring-families-experiences-of-health-contributions-to-a-model-of-family-health
#13
Sarah L Smith, Beth DeGrace, Carrie Ciro, Ami Bax, Andrea Hambrick, Jennifer James, Alexandra Evans
Child health and developmental outcomes are influenced by the health of the family and the context created. Research suggests symptoms of poor family health (e.g. suboptimal family interactions, parenting stress) yet there is limited understanding of the factors which contribute to robust family health which may unveil opportunities for targeted intervention and family health promotion. The present study examined families' experiences of family health and factors contributing to family health. We performed a qualitative study using constructivist grounded theory methods to guide our understanding of family health for families with typically developing children aged 5-18...
April 20, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425032/parenting-in-on-off-relationships-the-link-between-relationship-churning-and-father-involvement
#14
Kristin Turney, Sarah Halpern-Meekin
Family systems theory points to the interconnected nature of dyadic relationships within the family unit, arguing for attention to how the parental relationship shapes their ties to and interactions with their children. Grounded in family systems theory, we consider how relationship churning-defined as being in an on-again/off-again relationship with the same partner-is associated with father involvement. We use data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study to examine how father involvement among relationship churners compares with father involvement among those in three other relationship types (measured during the first five years of the focal child's life): stably together relationships, stably broken-up relationships, and repartnered relationships...
April 19, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421884/children-s-decision-making-involvement-about-research-participation-associations-with-perceived-fairness-and-self-efficacy
#15
Victoria A Miller, Chris Feudtner, Abbas F Jawad
The primary objective of this study was to examine the associations of children's involvement in decisions about research participation with their perceptions of the decision-making process and self-efficacy. Participants were children (ages 8-17) who enrolled in research studies in the prior 2 months. Children completed a questionnaire that yielded three decision-making involvement subscales: Researcher Engages Child, Researcher Supports Autonomy, and Child Participates. Children reported on fairness of the decision-making process and health-related decision self-efficacy...
April 2017: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421425/the-role-of-alaska-s-tribal-health-workers-in-supporting-families
#16
Miriam Chernoff, Katie Cueva
Alaska's Community Health Aides/Practitioners (CHA/Ps) are often the sole medical workers in their communities in rural Alaska, and are instrumental in providing healthcare services and education to otherwise underserved individuals. This qualitative study explored how CHA/Ps support healthy families. Six CHA/Ps from two rural communities in western Alaska were interviewed about their scope of practice, interactions with mothers, infants, families, and teens, relationship to other medical providers, and perceptions of their work...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421026/keeping-the-spirits-up-the-effect-of-teachers-and-parents-emotional-support-on-children-s-working-memory-performance
#17
Loren Vandenbroucke, Jantine Spilt, Karine Verschueren, Dieter Baeyens
Working memory, used to temporarily store and mentally manipulate information, is important for children's learning. It is therefore valuable to understand which (contextual) factors promote or hinder working memory performance. Recent research shows positive associations between positive parent-child and teacher-student interactions and working memory performance and development. However, no study has yet experimentally investigated how parents and teachers affect working memory performance. Based on attachment theory, the current study investigated the role of parent and teacher emotional support in promoting working memory performance by buffering the negative effect of social stress...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421025/the-use-of-lausanne-trilogue-play-in-three-cases-of-gastroschisis-diagnosed-during-pregnancy
#18
Sandra Pellizzoni, Antonella Tripani, Marina Miscioscia, Rosella Giuliani, Andrea Clarici
From pregnancy to the 1st years of a child's life, families develop and increase representations and interactive competences toward the child. Prenatal diagnosis of a severe fetus' defect could profoundly alter the parental perception and development of these representations. The aim of the study was to evaluate triadic interactions in families, whose baby was prenatally diagnosed with severe gastroschisis. Three families took part in the preliminary case study, which was carried out when the babies were 6 months old...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421016/online-coaching-of-emotion-regulation-strategies-for-parents-efficacy-of-the-online-rational-positive-parenting-program-and-attention-bias-modification-procedures
#19
Oana A David, David Capris, Alexandra Jarda
Parenting programs are currently treatment of choice for behavioral disorders in children and one of their main components is reducing the negativity bias in the child-parent dyad. The Rational Positive Parenting Program (rPPP) is a program with a special focus on parent emotion-regulation functional reappraisal strategies, which has recently received consistent support for reducing child externalizing and internalizing disorders. In the last years, online interventions were proliferated and the Attention Bias Modification (ABM) becoming a promising implicit therapeutic intervention based on attention deployment emotion-regulation strategy, or adjunctive module to usual treatments, with results in multiple domains, varying from pain to self-esteem and emotional disorders (e...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421006/do-demographic-characteristics-make-differences-demographic-characteristics-as-moderators-in-the-associations-between-only-child-status-and-cognitive-non-cognitive-outcomes-in-china
#20
Ning Liu, Yiting Chen, Xiangdong Yang, Yi Hu
Different family compositions and sizes may affect child development through the different modes of interaction between family members. Previous studies have compared only children with non-only children in cognitive/non-cognitive outcomes. However, relatively little research has systematically investigated the potential moderators among them. Using a large and representative sample of Chinese students (Grades 7-8; N = 5,752), this study examines the roles of demographic characteristics, such as gender, region, parental educational level, parental expectations, family socio-economic status and family structure, in the associations between only child status and cognitive/non-cognitive outcomes...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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