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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240304/weight-status-diet-quality-perceived-stress-and-functional-health-of-caregivers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Xiaoyin Sara Li, Jennifer A Pinto-Martin, Aleda Thompson, Jesse Chittams, Tanja V E Kral
PURPOSE: Caring for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be highly demanding and can put significant strain on caregivers. To date, little is known about the extent to which caregivers of children with ASD experience increased levels of stress which may adversely affect health outcomes. The purpose of this secondary analysis was to compare caregivers of children with ASD and caregivers of typically developing children (TDC) in weight status, diet quality, perceived stress related to the parenting role, and functional health and well-being...
December 14, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239634/mother-child-positivity-and-negativity-family-wide-and-child-specific-main-effects-and-interactions-predict-child-adjustment
#2
Bonamy R Oliver, Alison Pike
Links between positive and negative aspects of the parent-child relationship and child adjustment are undisputed. Scholars recognize the importance of parental differential treatment (PDT) of siblings, yet, less is known about PDT in the context of the shared (family-wide) parent-child relationship climate, or about the extent to which positivity may buffer children's adjustment from negativity. Controlling for behavioral stability, we examined the potential for positive and negative parent-child processes to interact across and between child-specific and family-wide levels in the prediction of children's adjustment...
December 14, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238949/a-pilot-of-a-brief-positive-parenting-program-on-children-newly-diagnosed-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Debra H Zand, Margaret W Bultas, Stephen Edward McMillin, Donna Halloran, Taryn White, Donnamarie McNamara, Katherine J Pierce
Disruptive behaviors can be of comparable or greater concern to parents than the core symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Provision of effective interventions to address these behaviors within the first year of initial diagnosis holds great potential for improving the child's, parents', and family's functioning. We piloted a four-session, manualized, positive parenting program on 21 parents of newly diagnosed children ages 2 through 12 years using a mixed methods design. Seventy-five percent of parents completed four sessions, with 100% reporting high levels of service satisfaction...
December 14, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238272/the-dyadic-effects-of-hiv-stigma-on-the-mental-health-of-children-and-their-parents-in-south-africa
#4
Kristi E Gamarel, Caroline Kuo, Mark E Boyes, Lucie D Cluver
HIV stigma - both 'self-stigma' towards positive individuals and 'stigma by association' towards their families - is linked with adverse mental health. This study examined how stigma was associated with the mental health of parents and children in South Africa. Parent-child dyads (n=2477 dyads) in South Africa participated in a cross-sectional survey. For both parents and children, greater stigma was associated with their own reports of greater anxious and depressive symptoms. Parents reports of stigma was associated with children's greater anxious and depressive symptoms...
2017: Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236546/the-international-parenting-survey-rationale-development-and-potential-applications
#5
Alina Morawska, Ania Filus, Divna Haslam, Matthew R Sanders
The quality of parent-child interactions and family relationships has a powerful influence on children's development and well-being. The International Parenting Survey (IPS) is a brief, web-based survey developed to provide a cross-national, community-level, population snapshot of the experiences of parents related to raising children. The IPS was developed as a planning tool to assist policy makers and community agencies plan, implement, and evaluate parenting programs and as a tracking tool to evaluate parenting support programs in different countries...
December 13, 2017: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234932/emotion-coregulation-processes-between-mothers-and-their-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder-associations-with-children-s-maladaptive-behaviors
#6
Valentina Valentovich, Wendy A Goldberg, Dana Rose Garfin, Yuqing Guo
A dyadic microanalysis approach was used to examine emotion coregulation processes in mother-child interactions in relation to children's maladaptive behaviors. Seventy-two mother-child dyads (46 children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD); 26 neurotypical children) were previously videotaped in a semi-structured play procedure at home and mothers reported on children's internalizing and externalizing behaviors. Mother-child interactions were reliably coded in 5-second intervals and analyzed using Space State Grid software...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234293/the-construction-of-self-in-relationships-narratives-and-references-to-mental-states-during-picture-book-reading-interactions-between-mothers-and-children
#7
Dolores Rollo, Emiddia Longobardi, Pietro Spataro, Francesco Sulla
Previous studies showed that mothers vary in the way in which they discuss past experiences with their children, since they can exhibit narrative (elaborative) or paradigmatic (repetitive) styles to different extents. Given this background, the aim of the present study was to analyze differences in the mothers' use of narrative styles and mental state language (MSL), as a function of children's age and gender. Thirty dyads consisting of mothers and their 4- to 6-year-old children were observed during a picture-book reading interaction...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230628/blacks-diminished-health-return-of-family-structure-and-socioeconomic-status-15%C3%A2-years-of-follow-up-of-a-national-urban-sample-of-youth
#8
Shervin Assari, Alvin Thomas, Cleopatra H Caldwell, Ronald B Mincy
The protective effect of family structure and socioeconomic status (SES) on physical and mental health is well established. There are reports, however, documenting a smaller return of SES among Blacks compared to Whites, also known as Blacks' diminished return. Using a national sample, this study investigated race by gender differences in the effects of family structure and family SES on subsequent body mass index (BMI) over a 15-year period. This 15-year longitudinal study used data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS), in-home survey...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228780/vocalizations-of-minimally-verbal-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-across-the-school-year
#9
Moon Young Savana Bak, Joshua B Plavnick, Sarah M Byrne
Little is known about the language trajectories of minimally verbal school-aged children with autism spectrum disorders. The present investigation conducted observations across two elementary schools over an entire school year to analyze the vocal language development of nine minimally verbal children with autism spectrum disorder between the ages of 6 and 10 years, and their educational service providers. A Language Environment Analysis™ device automatically recorded and disaggregated over 743 h of data on child vocalizations, and vocal interactions with adults...
December 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228137/association-of-gnrhr-mrna-with-the-stem-cell-determinant-musashi-a-mechanism-for-leptin-mediated-modulation-of-gnrhr-expression
#10
Angela K Odle, Helen Beneš, Andrea Melgar-Castillo, Noor Akhter, Mohsin Syed, Anessa Haney, Melody Allensworth-James, Linda Hardy, Benjamin Winter, Ragul Manoharan, Raiyan Syed, Melanie C MacNicol, Angus M MacNicol, Gwen V Childs
The cyclic expression of pituitary gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptors (GnRHRs) may be an important checkpoint for leptin regulatory signals. Gonadotrope Lepr-null mice have reduced GnRHR levels, suggesting these receptors may be leptin targets. To determine if leptin stimulated GnRHRs directly, primary pituitary cultures or pieces were exposed to 1-100 nM leptin. Leptin increased GnRHR protein levels and the percentages of gonadotropes that bound biotinylated analogs of GnRH (bio-GnRH) but had no effect on Gnrhr mRNA...
December 8, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225937/use-of-standardised-patients-to-assess-quality-of-healthcare-in-nairobi-kenya-a-pilot-cross-sectional-study-with-international-comparisons
#11
Benjamin Daniels, Amy Dolinger, Guadalupe Bedoya, Khama Rogo, Ana Goicoechea, Jorge Coarasa, Francis Wafula, Njeri Mwaura, Redemptar Kimeu, Jishnu Das
Introduction: The quality of clinical care can be reliably measured in multiple settings using standardised patients (SPs), but this methodology has not been extensively used in Sub-Saharan Africa. This study validates the use of SPs for a variety of tracer conditions in Nairobi, Kenya, and provides new results on the quality of care in sampled primary care clinics. Methods: We deployed 14 SPs in private and public clinics presenting either asthma, child diarrhoea, tuberculosis or unstable angina...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225394/parents-and-partners-moderating-and-mediating-influences-on-intimate-partner-violence-across-adolescence-and-young-adulthood
#12
Angela M Kaufman-Parks, Alfred DeMaris, Peggy C Giordano, Wendy D Manning, Monica A Longmore
Prior work examining intimate partner violence (IPV) among young adults often has emphasized familial characteristics, such as parent-child physical aggression (PCPA), and romantic relationship dynamics, such as jealousy and controlling behaviors, but has not considered these two domains simultaneously. Likewise, research examining how these two domains affect IPV perpetration over time for young adults is still limited. Using five waves of data from the Toledo Adolescent Relationships Study (N = 950), the present study examined the influence of parent-child relationship factors and romantic relationship dynamics in both their main and interactive effects on IPV perpetration spanning adolescence through young adulthood...
December 2017: Journal of Social and Personal Relationships
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223888/neighborhood-crime-undermines-parenting-violence-in-the-vicinity-of-households-as-a-predictor-of-aggressive-discipline
#13
Jorge Cuartas
Child discipline is a central component of parent-child interactions. Evidence suggests corporal discipline impairs children's physical, cognitive, and socioemotional development and compromises their future chances, especially since it is more frequently used against at-risk children. Using geocoded data for 1209 children under the age of five and their mothers, this study analyses the relation between the occurrence of crimes in close proximity to households in four major urban municipalities of Colombia and a particularly violent corporal discipline practice: hitting children with objects...
December 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223777/child-care-centre-adherence-to-infant-physical-activity-and-screen-time-recommendations-in-australia-canada-and-the-united-states-an-observational-study
#14
Lyndel Hewitt, Sara E Benjamin-Neelon, Valerie Carson, Rebecca M Stanley, Ian Janssen, Anthony D Okely
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare adherence to physical activity and sedentary behaviour recommendations within the 2011 Institute of Medicine Early Childhood Obesity Prevention Policies as well as screen time recommendations from the 2013 American Academy of Pediatrics for samples of infants in child care centres in Australia, Canada, and the United States (US). METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from: the Australian 2013 Standing Preschools (N=9) and the 2014-2017 Early Start Baseline (N=22) studies; the 2011 Canadian Healthy Living Habits in Pre-School Children study (N=14); and the American 2008 (N=31) and 2013-2017 (N=31) Baby Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care (NAP SACC) trials...
December 7, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223128/child-protective-services-utilization-of-child-abuse-pediatricians-a-mixed-methods-study
#15
Rebecca Girardet, Kelly Bolton, Syed Hashmi, Emily Sedlock, Rachna Khatri, Nina Lahoti, James Lukefahr
Several children's hospitals and medical schools across Texas have child abuse pediatricians (CAPs) who work closely with child protection workers to help ensure accurate assessments of the likelihood of maltreatment in cases of suspected abuse and neglect. Since the state does not mandate which cases should be referred to a CAP center, we were interested in studying factors that may influence workers' decisions to consult a CAP. We used a mixed methods study design consisting of a focus group followed by a survey...
December 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221771/the-sex-specific-interaction-between-food-responsiveness-and-sleep-duration-explaining-body-mass-index-among-children
#16
Junilla K Larsen, E F C Sleddens, J M Vink, Nina van den Broek, S P J Kremers
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The inverse relationship between sleep duration and body mass index (BMI) has been well established and appears to be stronger among boys than girls. However, less is known about the mechanisms responsible for this sex-specific link. The main aim of the current study was to examine the sex-specific interaction between food responsiveness and sleep duration in explaining BMI among children. This sex-specific moderation will give more insight into a possible underlying food intake mechanism...
December 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221526/children-s-environmental-health-indicators-for-low-and-middle-income-countries-in-asia
#17
Eun Mi Jung, Eun Mee Kim, Minah Kang, Fiona Goldizen, Fiona Gore, Marie Noel Brune Drisse, Eun Hee Ha
BACKGROUND: Given that low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in Asia still have high child mortality rates, improved monitoring using children's environmental health indicators (CEHI) may help reduce preventable deaths by creating healthy environments. OBJECTIVES: Thus, the aim of this study is to build a set of targeted CEHI that can be applied in LMICs in Asia through the CEHI initiative using a common conceptual framework. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to identify the most frequently used framework for developing CEHI...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220634/justification-suppression-and-normative-window-of-prejudice-as-determinants-of-bias-toward-lesbians-gays-and-bisexual-adoption-applicants
#18
Alicia DeVault, Monica K Miller
Despite gains in equality for lesbians, gays, and bisexuals (LGB), these couples still face discrimination in adoption scenarios. Guided by the normative window of prejudice and the justification-suppression model, participants read about a suitable or unsuitable couple applying to adopt a child. Participants indicated whether the couple should be allowed to adopt the child and how committed the couple is to being parents. Heterosexuals were perceived as less committed parents compared to LGB parents; sexual orientation was not related to adoption decisions...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218847/potential-exposure-to-australian-bat-lyssavirus-is-unlikely-to-prevent-future-bat-handling-among-adults-in-south-east-queensland
#19
M K Young, S Banu, B J McCall, S Vlack, H Carroll, S Bennett, R Davison, D Francis
Despite ongoing public health messages about the risks associated with bat contact, the number of potential exposures to Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV) due to intentional handling by members of the general public in Queensland has remained high. We sought to better understand the reasons for intentional handling among these members of the public who reported their potential exposure to inform future public health messages. We interviewed adults who resided in a defined geographic area in South East Queensland and notified potential exposure to ABLV due to intentional handling of bats by telephone between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2013...
December 8, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218767/maternal-communicative-behaviours-and-interaction-quality-as-predictors-of-language-development-findings-from-a-community-based-study-of-slow-to-talk-toddlers
#20
Laura J Conway, Penny A Levickis, Jodie Smith, Fiona Mensah, Melissa Wake, Sheena Reilly
BACKGROUND: Identifying risk and protective factors for language development informs interventions for children with developmental language disorder (DLD). Maternal responsive and intrusive communicative behaviours are associated with language development. Mother-child interaction quality may influence how children use these behaviours in language learning. AIMS: To identify (1) communicative behaviours and interaction quality associated with language outcomes; (2) whether the association between a maternal intrusive behaviour (directive) and child language scores changed alongside a maternal responsive behaviour (expansion); and (3) whether interaction quality modified these associations...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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