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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092060/parenting-self-efficacy-parent-depression-and-healthy-childhood-behaviors-in-a-low-income-minority-population-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#1
William J Heerman, Julie Lounds Taylor, Kenneth A Wallston, Shari L Barkin
Objectives Childhood obesity prevention and treatment depends, in part, on parents acting as agents of change for their children. Our objective was to measure the associations between parenting self-efficacy, parent depressive symptoms, and preschool child behaviors that support healthy growth. Methods We performed a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial. Parenting self-efficacy was measured using a 5-item version of the Parenting Sense of Competence (PSOC-5) scale (α= 0...
January 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091126/association-between-perfluoroalkyl-substance-exposure-and-asthma-and-allergic-disease-in-children-as-modified-by-mmr-vaccination
#2
Clara Amalie Gade Timmermann, Esben Budtz-Jørgensen, Tina Kold Jensen, Christa Elyse Osuna, Maria Skaalum Petersen, Ulrike Steuerwald, Flemming Nielsen, Lars K Poulsen, Pál Weihe, Philippe Grandjean
Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are highly persistent chemicals that might be associated with asthma and allergy, but the associations remain unclear. Therefore, this study examined whether pre- and postnatal PFAS exposure was associated with childhood asthma and allergy. Measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccination in early life may have a protective effect against asthma and allergy, and MMR vaccination is therefore taken into account when evaluating these associations. In a cohort of Faroese children whose mothers were recruited during pregnancy, serum concentrations of five PFASs - Perfluorohexane sulfonic acid (PFHxS), perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), and perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA) - were measured at three timepoints (maternal serum in pregnancy week 34-36 and child serum at ages 5 and 13 years) and their association with immunoglobulin E (IgE) (cord blood and at age 7 years) and asthma/allergic diseases (questionnaires at ages 5 and 13 years and skin prick test at age 13 years) was determined...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080091/dynamical-systems-modeling-of-early-childhood-self-regulation
#3
Pamela M Cole, Jason J Bendezú, Nilam Ram, Sy-Miin Chow
Self-regulation can be conceptualized in terms of dynamic tension between highly probable reactions (prepotent responses) and use of strategies that can modulate those reactions (executive processes). This study investigated the value of a dynamical systems approach to the study of early childhood self-regulation. Specifically, ordinary differential equations (ODEs) were used to model the interactive influences of 115 36-month-olds' executive processes (strategy use) and prepotent responses to waiting to open a gift (desire for the gift and frustration about waiting to open it)...
January 12, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080081/the-heart-of-parenting-parent-hr-dynamics-and-negative-parenting-while-resolving-conflict-with-child
#4
Xutong Zhang, Lixian Cui, Zhuo Rachel Han, Jia Yan
The current study examined parent heart rate (HR) dynamic changing patterns and their links to observed negative parenting (i.e., emotional unavailability and psychological control) during a parent-child conflict resolution task among 150 parent-child dyads (child age ranged from 6 to 12 years, Mage = 8.54 ± 1.67). Parent HR was obtained from electrocardiogram (ECG) data collected during the parent-child conflict resolution task. Negative parenting was coded offline based on the video recording of the same task...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079529/leveraging-the-skills-of-nurses-and-the-power-of-language-nutrition-to-ensure-a-better-future-for-children
#5
Ashley Darcy Mahoney, Lauren Head Zauche, Sunny Hallowell, Arianne Weldon, Jennifer Stapel-Wax
BACKGROUND: Early language exposure is critical for language acquisition and significantly influences a child's literacy skills. However, preterm infants may experience language deprivation in the neonatal intensive care unit. Nurses are vital to helping parents understand their critical role in early language development. PURPOSE: To discuss the impact of language-rich interactions and interventions that promote early language exposure, or Language Nutrition, by parents and caregivers on the long-term developmental, language, and educational outcomes of high-risk infants...
January 11, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070855/place-and-child-health-the-interaction-of-population-density-and-sanitation-in-developing-countries
#6
Payal Hathi, Sabrina Haque, Lovey Pant, Diane Coffey, Dean Spears
A long literature in demography has debated the importance of place for health, especially children's health. In this study, we assess whether the importance of dense settlement for infant mortality and child height is moderated by exposure to local sanitation behavior. Is open defecation (i.e., without a toilet or latrine) worse for infant mortality and child height where population density is greater? Is poor sanitation is an important mechanism by which population density influences child health outcomes? We present two complementary analyses using newly assembled data sets, which represent two points in a trade-off between external and internal validity...
January 9, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070783/brief-report-using-a-point-of-view-camera-to-measure-eye-gaze-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-during-naturalistic-social-interactions-a-pilot-study
#7
Sarah R Edmunds, Agata Rozga, Yin Li, Elizabeth A Karp, Lisa V Ibanez, James M Rehg, Wendy L Stone
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show reduced gaze to social partners. Eye contact during live interactions is often measured using stationary cameras that capture various views of the child, but determining a child's precise gaze target within another's face is nearly impossible. This study compared eye gaze coding derived from stationary cameras to coding derived from a "point-of-view" (PoV) camera on the social partner. Interobserver agreement for gaze targets was higher using PoV cameras relative to stationary cameras...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069560/does-usage-of-an-ehealth-intervention-reduce-the-risk-of-excessive-gestational-weight-gain-secondary-analysis-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Meredith Leigh Graham, Myla S Strawderman, Margaret Demment, Christine Marie Olson
BACKGROUND: Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) contributes to the development of obesity in mother and child. Internet-based interventions have the potential for delivering innovative and interactive options for prevention of excessive GWG to large numbers of people. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to create a novel measure of Internet-based intervention usage patterns and examine whether usage of an Internet-based intervention is associated with reduced risk of excessive GWG...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069006/methods-and-design-of-a-10-week-multi-component-family-meals-intervention-a-two-group-quasi-experimental-effectiveness-trial
#9
Catherine Rogers, Sarah E Anderson, Jamie S Dollahite, Tisa F Hill, Chris Holloman, Carla K Miller, Keeley J Pratt, Carolyn Gunther
BACKGROUND: Given the ongoing childhood obesity public health crisis and potential protective effect of family meals, there is need for additional family meals research, specifically experimental studies with expanded health outcomes that focus on the at-risk populations in highest need of intervention. Future research, specifically intervention work, would also benefit from an expansion of the target age range to include younger children, who are laying the foundation of their eating patterns and capable of participating in family meal preparations...
January 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068864/reliability-and-sources-of-variation-of-the-abilhand-kids-questionnaire-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#10
Lex D de Jong, Annemiek van Meeteren, Cornelis H Emmelot, Nanne E Land, Pieter U Dijkstra
PURPOSE: To determine reliability of the ABILHAND-Kids, explore sources of variation associated with these measurement results, and generate repeatability coefficients. METHOD: A reliability study with a repeated measures design was performed in an ambulatory rehabilitation care department from a rehabilitation center, and a center for special education. A physician, an occupational therapist, and parents of 27 children with spastic cerebral palsy independently rated the children's manual capacity when performing 21 standardized tasks of the ABILHAND-Kids from video recordings twice with a three week time interval (27 first-, and 25 second video recordings available)...
January 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067779/environmental-factors-affecting-growth-and-occurrence-of-testicular-cancer-in-childhood-an-overview-of-the-current-epidemiological-evidence
#11
REVIEW
Fabrizio Giannandrea, Stefania Fargnoli
Testicular cancer (TC) is the most frequently occurring malignancy among adolescents and young men aged 15-34 years. Although incidence of TC has been growing over the past 40 years in several western countries, the explanations for this increase still remain uncertain. It has been postulated that early life exposure to numerous occupational and environmental estrogenic chemicals, such as endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), may play a contributing role in the etiology of TC, but the subject is still open to additional investigation...
January 5, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064011/is-it-time-to-talk-understanding-specialty-child-mental-healthcare-providers-decisions-to-engage-in-interdisciplinary-communication-with-pediatricians
#12
Michael Reiss, Carolyn A Greene, Julian D Ford
Communication between pediatric mental health and primary care providers is often inconsistent and frequently rated as unsatisfactory by providers of both disciplines. While numerous studies report pediatricians' desire for increased feedback from mental health providers, less is known about mental health providers' perspectives on collaborative communication with pediatricians. In the current qualitative study, 9 practitioners at 2 mental health practices participated in interviews about their experiences related to collaborating and communicating with pediatric providers...
December 27, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063849/recruitment-promotion-and-retention-of-women-in-academic-medicine-how-institutions-are-addressing-gender-disparities
#13
Phyllis L Carr, Christine Gunn, Anita Raj, Samantha Kaplan, Karen M Freund
OBJECTIVE: Greater numbers of women in medicine have not resulted in more women achieving senior positions. Programs supporting the recruitment, promotion, and retention of women in academic medicine could help to achieve greater advancement of more women to leadership positions. Qualitative research was conducted to understand such programs at 23 institutions and, using the social ecological model, examine how they operate at the individual, interpersonal, institutional, academic community, and policy levels...
January 4, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062935/pornography-religion-and-parent-child-relationship-quality
#14
Samuel L Perry, Kara J Snawder
Frequent pornography use is often negatively associated with marital quality. Recent research has argued that this negative association is particularly strong for those who are embedded in religious communities, likely due to the greater stigma and shame associated with viewing pornography. In order to test and extend this theory, the current study examined how religious service attendance moderates the link between parents' pornography consumption and four measures of parent-child relationship quality. Analyses of 2006 Portraits of American Life Study data (N = 2610) revealed that greater pornography viewing predicted negative outcomes on two out of four measures of parent-child relationship quality, while religious service attendance was associated with more positive parent-child relationship outcomes...
January 6, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060443/depression-impacts-the-physiological-responsiveness-of-mother-daughter-dyads-during-social-interaction
#15
Marlissa C Amole, Jill M Cyranowski, Aidan G C Wright, Holly A Swartz
BACKGROUND: Maternal depression is associated with increased risk of psychiatric illness in offspring. While risk may relate to depressed mothers' difficulties regulating emotions in the context of interacting with offspring, physiological indicators of emotion regulation have rarely been examined during mother-child interactions-and never among mother-adolescent dyads in which both mother and adolescent have histories of major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: We examined changes in high-frequency heart rate variability (HF-HRV), an indicator of parasympathetic (vagal) function that has been related to depression, stress, social engagement, and emotion regulation, in 46 mother-daughter dyads (23 in which both mother and daughter had an MDD history and 23 never-depressed controls)...
January 6, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057930/atypical-developmental-trajectory-of-local-spontaneous-brain-activity-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
Xiaonan Guo, Heng Chen, Zhiliang Long, Xujun Duan, Youxue Zhang, Huafu Chen
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is marked by atypical trajectory of brain maturation, yet the developmental abnormalities in brain function remain unclear. The current study examined the effect of age on amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) in ASD and typical controls (TC) using a cross-sectional design. We classified all the participants into three age cohorts: child (<11 years, 18ASD/20TC), adolescent (11-18 years, 28ASD/26TC) and adult (≥18 years, 18ASD/18TC). Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed to ascertain main effects and interaction effects on whole brain ALFF maps...
January 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054805/executive-function-and-parenting-in-the-context-of-homelessness
#17
Amy R Monn, Angela J Narayan, Amanda W Kalstabakken, Erin C Schubert, Ann S Masten
There is mounting evidence that maternal executive function (EF) plays a critical role in parenting behavior. However, the majority of the research on this topic has been conducted in low-risk samples. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether individual differences in maternal EF are associated with parenting behavior in the high-risk, high adversity context of family homelessness. The study included 94 mothers and their children, ages 4 to 6 years, living in emergency homeless shelters. Mothers completed a battery of "hot" and "cool" EF tasks as well as a self-report questionnaire of perceived stress...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054804/developmental-delay-and-emotion-dysregulation-predicting-parent-child-conflict-across-early-to-middle-childhood
#18
Willa A Marquis, Amanda N Noroña, Bruce L Baker
Cumulative risk research has increased understanding of how multiple risk factors impact various socioemotional and interpersonal outcomes across the life span. However, little is known about risk factors for parent-child conflict early in development, where identifying predictors of change could be highly salient for intervention. Given their established association with parent-child conflict, child developmental delay (DD) and emotion dysregulation were examined as predictors of change in conflict across early to middle childhood (ages 3 to 7 years)...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054313/emotion-coregulation-in-mother-child-dyads-a-dynamic-systems-analysis-of-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Yuqing Guo, Dana Rose Garfin, Agnes Ly, Wendy A Goldberg
Few studies have investigated patterns of emotion coregulation in families of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or contrasted the ways in which their emotion coregulation patterns differ from families of typically developing (TD) children. To address this gap, we used a dynamic systems approach to compare flexible structure and emotional content of coregulation between mothers and children (3-7 years) with ASD (n = 47) and TD children (n = 26). Mother-child play interactions in the home were videotaped and emotion-engagement states were coded in micro-level 5-s intervals based on behavioral and affective expressions...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052452/oxytocin-response-to-youth-mother-interactions-in-clinically-anxious-youth-is-associated-with-separation-anxiety-and-dyadic-behavior
#20
Eli R Lebowitz, Wendy K Silverman, Alyssa M Martino, Orna Zagoory-Sharon, Ruth Feldman, James F Leckman
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are common in youth and cause significant distress and impairment to the individual and family. Oxytocin (OT), a nine amino acid peptide, is implicated in anxiety regulation and modulation of close interpersonal and attachment behavior. Anxiety disorders have been linked to low levels of salivary OT in youth. Research has also linked oxytocinergic functioning to social support, warm contact, and bonding, and indicated that contact with attachment figures stimulates OT response...
January 3, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
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