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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646976/promoting-parent-academic-expectations-predicts-improved-school-outcomes-for-low-income-children-entering-kindergarten
#1
John E Loughlin-Presnal, Karen L Bierman
This study explored patterns of change in the REDI (Research-based Developmentally Informed) Parent program (REDI-P), designed to help parents support child learning at the transition into kindergarten. Participants were 200 prekindergarten children attending Head Start (55% European-American, 26% African American, 19% Latino, 56% male, Mage=4.45years, SD=0.29) and their primary caregivers, who were randomized to a 16-session home-visiting intervention (REDI-P) or a control group. Extending beyond a prior study documenting intervention effects on parenting behaviors and child kindergarten outcomes, this study assessed the impact of REDI-P on parent academic expectations, and then explored the degree to which intervention gains in three areas of parenting (parent-child interactive reading, parent-child conversations, parent academic expectations) predicted child outcomes in kindergarten (controlling for baseline values and a set of child and family characteristics)...
June 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645514/bcl-xl-deamidation-and-cancer-charting-the-fame-trajectories-of-legitimate-child-and-hidden-siblings
#2
REVIEW
Florian Beaumatin, Mohamad El Dhaybi, Claude Bobo, Mireille Verdier, Muriel Priault
Bcl-2 family proteins control programmed cell death through a complex network of interactions within and outside of this family, that are modulated by post-translational modifications (PTM). Bcl-xL, an anti-apoptotic member of this family, is overexpressed in a number of cancers, plays an important role in tumorigenesis and is correlated with drug resistance. Bcl-xL is susceptible to a number of different PTMs. Here, we focus on deamidation. We will first provide an overview of protein deamidation. We will then review how the apoptotic and autophagic functions of Bcl-xL are modified by this PTM, and how this impacts on its oncogenic properties...
June 20, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642374/behavioral-patterns-in-adolescents-born-at-23-to-25-weeks-of-gestation
#3
Maria Samuelsson, Antti Holsti, Marie Adamsson, Fredrik Serenius, Bruno Hägglöf, Aijaz Farooqi
BACKGROUND: This study examined mental health outcomes in extremely preterm children (EPT) born at 23 to 25 weeks of gestation between 1992 and 1998 at 2 Swedish tertiary care centers that offered regional and active perinatal care to all live-born EPT infants. METHODS: We assessed 132 (98%) of the 134 EPT survivors at 10 to 15 years of age alongside term-born controls. Behavioral and emotional problems were evaluated by using Achenbach's Child Behavior Checklist and Teacher Report Form and Conners' Parent and Teacher scales for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder...
June 22, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641740/the-power-of-language-nutrition-for-children-s-brain-development-health-and-future-academic-achievement
#4
Lauren Head Zauche, Ashley E Darcy Mahoney, Taylor A Thul, Michael S Zauche, Arianne B Weldon, Jennifer L Stapel-Wax
Language Nutrition, a term created to describe language exposure that is rich in quality and quantity and delivered in the context of social interactions, is crucial for a child's development and is strongly associated with his/her future literacy, academic achievement, and health. However, significant differences in children's early language environments contribute to disparities in their educational and health trajectories. Interventions, including book distribution programs, coaching parents to enrich their child's language environment, and public awareness campaigns, have all been shown to positively influence a child's access to language-rich interactions...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641252/an-embedded-marked-point-process-framework-for-three-level-object-population-analysis
#5
Csaba Benedek
In this paper we introduce a probabilistic approach for extracting complex hierarchical object structures from digital images used by various vision applications. The proposed framework extends conventional Marked Point Process (MPP) models by (i) admitting object-subobject ensembles in parent-child relationships and (ii) allowing corresponding objects to form coherent object groups, by a Bayesian segmentation of the population. Different from earlier, highly domain specific attempts on MPP generalization, the proposed model is defined at an abstract level, providing clear interfaces for applications in various domains...
June 15, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641166/care-coordination-at-a-pediatric-accountable-care-organization-aco-a-qualitative-analysis
#6
Baria Hafeez, Sophia Miller, Anup D Patel, Zachary M Grinspan
OBJECTIVE: Care coordinators may help manage care for children with chronic illness. Their role in pediatric epilepsy care is understudied. We aimed to qualitatively describe the content of a care coordination intervention for children with epilepsy. METHODS: We conducted nine semi-structured interviews and one focus group with care coordinators at a pediatric accountable care organization (ACO) in Ohio. The care coordinators used a modified version of a published care coordination checklist for children with epilepsy (Patel AD, 2014)...
June 19, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641131/children-s-brain-activation-during-risky-decision-making-a-contributor-to-substance-problems
#7
Thomas J Crowley, Manish S Dalwani, Joseph T Sakai, Kristen M Raymond, Shannon K McWilliams, Marie T Banich, Susan K Mikulich-Gilbertson
OBJECTIVE: Among young children excessive externalizing behaviors often predict adolescent conduct and substance use disorders. Adolescents with those disorders show aberrant brain function when choosing between risky or cautious options. We therefore asked whether similarly aberrant brain function during risky decision-making accompanies excessive externalizing behaviors among children, hypothesizing an association between externalizing severity and regional intensity of brain activation during risky decision-making...
June 4, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641062/the-difficulty-of-being-a-professional-a-parent-and-a-spouse-on-the-same-day-daily-spillover-of-workplace-interactions-on-parenting-and-the-role-of-spousal-support
#8
Kaisa Malinen, Anna Rönkä, Eija Sevón, Dominik Schoebi
Designing parenting interventions and preventions requires knowledge on the factors and processes that shape parenting behaviors. Using data collected over 10 days, during the last hour of work and before going to bed, this study examined the spillover of interpersonal work stresses into positive and negative parenting behaviors. Data were collected among 103 couples who had at least one child between the age of one and eight years. Of particular interest was the role of received emotional spousal support as a moderator of stress spillover...
July 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638592/evaluating-the-quality-of-peer-interactions-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-with-the-penn-interactive-peer-play-scale-pipps
#9
Rebecca M Jones, Andrew Pickles, Catherine Lord
BACKGROUND: A core difficulty for individuals with autism is making friends and successfully engaging and interacting with peers. The majority of measures to assess peer interactions are observations in a school setting or self-report. The present study examined the convergent validity of using a teacher rating scale, the Penn Interactive Peer Play Scale (PIPPS), for collecting information about the quality of peer interactions at school. METHODS: Teachers completed the PIPPS for 107 children with ASD when the child was 9 and 13 years of age...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635158/prepregnancy-overweight-and-obesity-are-associated-with-impaired-child-neurodevelopment
#10
Elizabeth Marie Widen, Linda Gross Kahn, Piera Cirillo, Barbara Cohn, Katrina Lynn Kezios, Pam Factor-Litvak
The authors examined the relationship of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) with child neurodevelopment. Mother-child dyads were a subgroup (n = 2,084) of the Child Health and Development Studies from the Oakland, California, area enrolled during pregnancy from 1959 to 1966 and followed at child age 9 years. Linear regression was used to examine associations between prepregnancy BMI, GWG, and standardized Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test and Raven Progressive Matrices scores and to evaluate effect modification of GWG by prepregnancy BMI...
June 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632319/child-shyness-and-peer-likeability-the-moderating-role-of-pragmatics-and-vocabulary
#11
Hoi Shan Cheung, John M Elliott
The association between shyness and children's likeability by peers was examined, with pragmatic difficulty and receptive and expressive vocabularies as moderators. Participants were 164 preschoolers (72 boys, 92 girls) between 52 and 79 months old in Singapore. A cross-informant methodology was used, with peers and teachers contributing to separate peer likeability ratings. The findings highlighted a conceptual distinction between peer- and teacher-rated likeability by peers. For the latter only, a 3-way interaction involving shyness, vocabulary, and pragmatic difficulty was found, indicating that for shy children with low vocabulary scores, those who experienced less pragmatic difficulty tended to be seen by teachers as more well-liked by peers than those with more pragmatic difficulty...
June 20, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631023/the-influence-of-perceived-parenting-styles-on-socio-emotional-development-from-pre-puberty-into-puberty
#12
Min Yee Ong, Janna Eilander, Seang Mei Saw, Yuhuan Xie, Michael J Meaney, Birit F P Broekman
The relative impact of parenting on socio-emotional development of children has rarely been examined in a longitudinal context. This study examined the association between perceived parenting styles and socio-emotional functioning from childhood to adolescence. We hypothesized that optimal parenting associated with improvement in socio-emotional functioning from childhood into early adulthood, especially for those with more behavioral problems in childhood. Children between ages 7 and 9 years were recruited for the Singapore Cohort Study of Risk Factors for Myopia (SCORM)...
June 19, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629410/he-s-just-content-to-sit-a-qualitative-study-of-mothers-perceptions-of-infant-obesity-and-physical-activity
#13
Danae Dinkel, Kailey Snyder, Anastasia Kyvelidou, Victoria Molfese
BACKGROUND: Rates of obesity among children ages zero to five are rapidly increasing. Greater efforts are needed to promote healthy behaviors of young children. Mothers are especially important targets for promoting health as mothers' views play a vital role in helping their children foster healthy habits from an early age. Research has found parents' views of infants' weight may influence their feeding practices; however, limited research has explored mothers' view of infants' weight in relation to the promotion of physical activity...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627911/ethnic-differences-in-mothering-qualities-and-relations-to-academic-achievement
#14
Margaret O'Brien Caughy, Britain Mills, Margaret Tresch Owen, Nazly Dyer, Assaf Oshri
Although qualities of mothering behavior have been consistently linked with children's academic outcomes, mothers from different ethnic groups may emphasize different dimensions with their children. The present investigation aims to evaluate and compare the dimensionality of mothering in low-income African American (n = 151) and Mexican American (n = 182) mothers during early childhood and its predictive utility for children's academic achievement. Video-recorded mother-child interactions with children at 2½ and 3½ years of age were rated using 6 mothering quality items from a widely used global rating system...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627308/hormonal-and-neuromuscular-responses-to-breastfeeding-a-pilot-study
#15
Madalynn Neu, Zhaoxing Pan, Ashley Haight, Karen Fehringer, Katrina Maluf
OBJECTIVES: Difficult breastfeeding in the first weeks after birth may result in muscle tension in infants and activation of the maternal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and sympathetic nervous system (SNS). Our primary objective was to examine the feasibility of collecting neuroendocrine markers of maternal HPA axis and SNS activation (salivary cortisol and α-amylase [sAA]) and electromyographic (EMG) markers of infant distress during feeding in the first 2 weeks after birth...
July 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627295/socialization-of-prosocial-behavior-gender-differences-in-the-mediating-role-of-child-brain-volume
#16
Rianne Kok, Peter Prinzie, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Frank C Verhulst, Tonya White, Henning Tiemeier, Marinus H van IJzendoorn
Evidence has been accumulating for the impact of normal variation in caregiving quality on brain morphology in children, but the question remains whether differences in brain volume related to early caregiving translate to behavioral implications. In this longitudinal population-based study (N = 162), moderated mediation was tested for the relation between parental sensitivity and child prosocial behavior via brain volume, in boys and girls. Both maternal and paternal sensitivity were repeatedly observed between 1 and 4 years of age...
June 18, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625195/consistency-matters-consistency-in-the-timing-and-quality-of-daily-interactions-between-parents-and-adolescents-predicts-production-of-proinflammatory-cytokines-in-youths
#17
Erika M Manczak, Adam K K Leigh, Chia-Ping Chin, Edith Chen
The current study examined whether consistency in day-to-day interactions between children and parents related to inflammatory cytokine production in youths. One hundred twenty-three parents recorded the daily quality of interactions and timing of leisure activities with their adolescent children for 2 weeks, and the degree of variability in those ratings was calculated. One year later, the production of proinflammatory cytokines in youths' blood was measured in response to in vitro exposure to lipopolysaccharide (a bacterial product)...
June 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624354/school-reintegration-of-pediatric-burn-survivors-an-integrative-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Raquel Pan, Bruna Domingos Dos Santos, Lucila Castanheira Nascimento, Lídia Aparecida Rossi, Rinie Geenen, Nancy E Van Loey
BACKGROUND: The school is an essential context for children's social interaction with peers and to develop academic skills. Therefore, a fast reintegration can help children with burns to normalize their life. Thus, school reintegration is an important outcome after burns. The aim of this review was to systematically synthesize the literature addressing school reintegration programs of pediatric burns survivors. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched independently by two reviewers...
June 14, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622589/improving-outcomes-for-babies-and-toddlers-in-child-welfare-a-model-for-infant-mental-health-intervention-and-collaboration
#19
Susan Chinitz, Hazel Guzman, Ellen Amstutz, Joaniko Kohchi, Miriam Alkon
Children under three comprise a sizable and growing proportion of foster care placements. Very young children who enter the child welfare system experience disruptions of critical attachments that are essential to this formative stage of brain development, as well as other traumatic events, leaving them at great risk for lifelong impairments. To reverse these concerning outcomes, babies who have been removed from their homes require intensive, relationship-based interventions that promote secure attachment to a primary caregiver and holistic attention the child's developmental needs...
June 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622571/substantiated-childhood-maltreatment-and-young-adulthood-cannabis-use-disorders-a-pre-birth-cohort-study
#20
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Jake Moses Najman, Gail Williams, Lane Strathearn, Alexandra Clavarino, Steve Kisely
This study investigates the association between exposure to prospectively-substantiated childhood maltreatment between 0 and 14 years of age and lifetime cannabis use, abuse and dependence reported at 21 years. Data were taken from 2526 (51.6% female) participants in the Mater Hospital-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy, a pre-birth, prospective, cohort study. Prospectively-substantiated cases of childhood maltreatment, reported to the government child protection agencies between 0 and 14 years of age, were linked to CIDI DSM-IV self-report data from the 21-year follow-up...
June 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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