keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Child interaction

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655847/maternal-air-pollution-exposure-and-preterm-birth-in-wuxi-china-effect-modification-by-maternal-age
#1
Yingying Han, Panhua Jiang, Tianyu Dong, Xinliang Ding, Ting Chen, Gro Dehli Villanger, Heidi Aase, Lu Huang, Yankai Xia
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have investigated prenatal air pollution and shown that air pollutants have adverse effect on birth outcomes. However, which trimester was the most sensitive and whether the effect was related to maternal age is still ambiguous. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore the association between maternal air pollution exposure during pregnancy and preterm birth, and if this relationship is modified by maternal age. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we examine the causal relationship of prenatal exposure to air pollutants including particulate matters, which are less than 10 µm (PM10 ), and ozone (O3 ), which is one of the gaseous pollutants, on preterm birth by gestational age...
April 12, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655656/how-social-cultural-and-economic-environments-shape-infant-feeding-for-low-income-women-a-qualitative-study-in-north-carolina
#2
Annie Hardison-Moody, Lillian MacNell, Sinikka Elliott, Sarah Bowen
BACKGROUND: This study focuses on the cultural, social, and economic factors that shape infant feeding practices among low-income mothers. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to understand factors that inhibit or facilitate breastfeeding practices of low-income mothers, including how they are linked to broader social, cultural, and economic processes. DESIGN: In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with women about their feeding practices and food environments, including their experiences with breastfeeding and formula feeding...
April 11, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651689/mothers-neural-responses-to-infant-faces-are-associated-with-activation-of-the-maternal-care-system-and-observed-intrusiveness-with-their-own-child
#3
Joyce J Endendijk, Hannah Spencer, Anneloes L van Baar, Peter A Bos
Certain infant facial characteristics, referred to as baby schema, are thought to automatically trigger parenting behavior and affective orientation toward infants. Electroencephalography (EEG) is well suited to assessing the intuitive nature and temporal dynamics of parenting responses, due to its millisecond temporal resolution. Little is known, however, about the relations between neural processing of infant cues and actual parenting behavior in a naturalistic setting. In the present study we examined the event-related potentials (ERPs) of mothers (N = 33) watching infant faces of varying attractiveness, in relation to activation of the maternal care system and the mothers' observed parenting behavior (sensitivity, nonintrusiveness) with their own child (2-6 years old)...
April 12, 2018: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651301/caregiver-experiences-of-public-services-following-child-trauma-exposure-a-qualitative-study
#4
Victoria Williamson, Sarah L Halligan, Bronwyne Coetzee, Ian Butler, Mark Tomlinson, Sarah Skeen, Jackie Stewart
Background: Many children in low and middle income countries (LMIC) are exposed to trauma. Contact with public services are a potential influence on parent-child reactions and coping post-trauma. Little is known about how caregivers perceive these interactions. Methods: The aim of this study was to explore caregivers' experiences of accessing and interacting with public services post-trauma and perceptions of needed improvements to public services in a LMIC context...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651191/nonstandard-work-schedules-family-dynamics-and-mother-child-interactions-during-early-childhood
#5
Kate C Prickett
The rising number of parents who work nonstandard schedules has led to a growing body of research concerned with what this trend means for children. The negative outcomes for children of parents who work nonstandard schedules are thought to arise from the disruptions these schedules place on family life, and thus, the types of parenting that support their children's development, particularly when children are young. Using a nationally representative sample of two-parent families (Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth cohort, n = 3,650), this study examined whether mothers' and their partners' nonstandard work schedules were associated with mothers' parenting when children were 2 and 4 years old...
March 2018: Journal of Family Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650619/nursing-role-in-well-child-care-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#6
Jolanda Turley, Jaclyn Vanek, Sharon Johnston, Doug Archibald
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare well-child care (WCC) in Australia, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom (UK), focusing on the role of nurses and their interactions with other primary care providers in order to derive relevant lessons for Canada's interprofessional primary care teams. DATA SOURCES: Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL were searched broadly using the search terms well child care, nursing role, and delivery of care and other synonymous terms. In addition, Google Scholar was used to search for gray literature, and reference mining revealed a few other relevant articles...
April 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649711/the-interaction-of-bdnf-val66met-ptsd-and-child-abuse-on-psychophysiological-reactivity-and-hpa-axis-function-in-a-sample-of-gulf-war-veterans
#7
Dmitri A Young, Thomas C Neylan, Aoife O'Donovan, Thomas Metzler, Anne Richards, Jessica A Ross, Sabra S Inslicht
INTRODUCTION: While the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism has been linked to various psychological disorders, limited focus has been on its relationship to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and early traumas such as child abuse. Therefore, we assessed whether Val66Met was associated with fear potentiated psychophysiological response and HPA axis dysfunction and whether PTSD status or child abuse history moderated these outcomes in a sample of Veterans. METHODS: 226 and 173 participants engaged in a fear potentiated acoustic startle paradigm and a dexamethasone suppression test (DST) respectively...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648647/a-prospective-study-of-physical-activity-and-fecundability-in-women-with-a-history-of-pregnancy-loss
#8
Lindsey M Russo, Brian W Whitcomb, Sunni L Mumford, Marquis Hawkins, Rose G Radin, Karen C Schliep, Robert M Silver, Neil J Perkins, Keewan Kim, Ukpebo R Omosigho, Daniel L Kuhr, Tiffany L Holland, Lindsey A Sjaarda, Enrique F Schisterman
STUDY QUESTION: Is physical activity (PA) associated with fecundability in women with a history of prior pregnancy loss? SUMMARY ANSWER: Higher fecundability was related to walking among overweight/obese women and to vigorous PA in women overall. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: PA may influence fecundability through altered endocrine function. Studies evaluating this association have primarily utilized Internet-based recruitment and self-report for pregnancy assessment and have yielded conflicting results...
April 10, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644545/adaptive-recruitment-and-parenting-interventions-for-immigrant-latino-families-with-adolescents
#9
Diego Garcia-Huidobro, Maria O Diaspro-Higuera, Dora Palma, Roberto Palma, Luis Ortega, Rebecca Shlafer, Elizabeth Wieling, Timothy Piehler, Gerald August, Maria V Svetaz, Iris W Borowsky, Michele L Allen
Parenting programs are an effective strategy to prevent multiple risky outcomes during adolescence. However, these programs usually enroll one caregiver and have low attendance. This study evaluated the preliminary results, cost, and satisfaction of adaptive recruitment and parenting interventions for immigrant Latino families. A mixed methods study was conducted integrating a pre-post design with embedded qualitative and process evaluations. Fifteen immigrant Latino families with an adolescent child aged 10-14 were recruited...
April 11, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644011/modeling-multiple-time-series-annotations-as-noisy-distortions-of-the-ground-truth-an-expectation-maximization-approach
#10
Rahul Gupta, Kartik Audhkhasi, Zach Jacokes, Agata Rozga, Shrikanth Narayanan
Studies of time-continuous human behavioral phenomena often rely on ratings from multiple annotators. Since the ground truth of the target construct is often latent, the standard practice is to use ad-hoc metrics (such as averaging annotator ratings). Despite being easy to compute, such metrics may not provide accurate representations of the underlying construct. In this paper, we present a novel method for modeling multiple time series annotations over a continuous variable that computes the ground truth by modeling annotator specific distortions...
January 2018: IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629784/implementing-the-bounce-back-trauma-intervention-in-urban-elementary-schools-a-real-world-replication-trial
#11
Catherine DeCarlo Santiago, Tali Raviv, Anna Maria Ros, Stephanie K Brewer, Laura M L Distel, Stephanie A Torres, Anne K Fuller, Krystal M Lewis, Claire A Coyne, Colleen Cicchetti, Audra K Langley
The current study provides the first replication trial of Bounce Back, a school-based intervention for elementary students exposed to trauma, in a different school district and geographical area. Participants in this study were 52 1st through 4th graders (Mage = 7.76 years; 65% male) who were predominately Latino (82%). Schools were randomly assigned to immediate treatment or waitlist control. Differential treatment effects (Time × Group Interaction) were found for child-reported posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and parent-reported child coping, indicating that the immediate treatment group showed greater reductions in PTSD and improvements in coping compared with the delayed group...
March 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626722/a-qualitative-study-of-nulliparous-women-s-decision-making-on-mode-of-delivery-under-china-s-two-child-policy
#12
Chunyi Gu, Xinli Zhu, Yan Ding, Setterberg Simone, Xiaojiao Wang, Hua Tao, Yu Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore nulliparous women's perceptions of decision making regarding mode of delivery under China's two-child policy. DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive design with in-depth semi-structured interviews. SETTING: Postnatal wards at a tertiary specialized women's hospital in Shanghai, China. PARTICIPANTS: 21 nulliparous women 2-3 days postpartum were purposively sampled until data saturation. METHODS: In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted between October 8th, 2015 and January 31st, 2016...
March 20, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626358/mother-stepfather-coparenting-in-stepfamilies-as-predictor-of-child-adjustment
#13
Nicolas Favez, Eric D Widmer, France Frascarolo, Minh-Thuy Doan
Coparenting between biological parents is a strong predictor of child adjustment. To date, however, little is known about the coparenting dynamics between parent and stepparent in stepfamilies. This study aimed at exploring the links between coparenting in the mother-stepfather dyad and child behavior in stepfamilies compared with the links between mother-father coparenting and child behavior in first-marriage families. Two modes of coparenting were assessed: overt coparenting, that is, coparental behaviors in the presence of the child, and covert coparenting, that is, the way each parent speaks of the other parent to the child...
April 6, 2018: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625599/a-healthy-school-start-plus-for-prevention-of-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-in-disadvantaged-areas-through-parental-support-in-the-school-setting-study-protocol-for-a-parallel-group-cluster-randomised-trial
#14
Liselotte Schäfer Elinder, Emma Patterson, Gisela Nyberg, Åsa Norman
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews conclude that interventions to prevent overweight and obesity in children obtain stronger effects when parents are involved. Parenting practices and parent-child interactions shape children's health-related behaviours. The Healthy School Start Plus intervention aims to promote healthy dietary habits and physical activity and prevent obesity in children through parental support in disadvantaged areas with increased health needs, delivered by teachers and school nurses...
April 6, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625425/school-based-speech-language-pathologists-perspectives-on-diagnostic-decision-making
#15
Katrina Fulcher-Rood, Anny P Castilla-Earls, Jeff Higginbotham
Purpose: This study used a structured open interview approach to elicit information from school-based speech-language pathologists (SLPs) regarding their assessment practices for children with suspected language impairment. Method: Phone interviews were conducted with 39 school-based SLPs who were employed across the United States. The interviews explored assessment topics related to assessment tool selection and rationale and the integration of assessment data to determine treatment eligibility...
April 6, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625326/progression-maintenance-and-feedback-of-online-child-sexual-grooming-a-qualitative-analysis-of-online-predators
#16
Patricia de Santisteban, Joana Del Hoyo, Miguel Ángel Alcázar-Córcoles, Manuel Gámez-Guadix
The limited literature on online child grooming has focused mainly on studying the characteristics of perpetrators and victims that facilitate the sexual abuse of minors. Little attention has been given to the perceptions of the perpetrators about the abuse process and the strategies used to sustain it over time. In the present study, after identifying a sample of 12 men convicted of online grooming, we used qualitative grounded theory through in-depth interviews and comparisons with the proven facts of their convictions...
April 3, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624745/atopic-dermatitis-interaction-between-genetic-variants-of-gstp1-tnf-tlr2-tlr4-and-air-pollution-in-early-life
#17
Anke Hüls, Claudia Klümper, Elaina A MacIntyre, Michael Brauer, Erik Melén, Mario Bauer, Dietrich Berdel, Anna Bergström, Bert Brunekreef, Moira Chan-Yeung, Elaine Fuertes, Ulrike Gehring, Anna Gref, Joachim Heinrich, Marie Standl, Irina Lehmann, Marjan Kerkhof, Gerard H Koppelman, Anita L Kozyrskyj, Göran Pershagen, Christopher Carlsten, Ursula Krämer, Tamara Schikowski
BACKGROUND: Associations between traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) and childhood atopic dermatitis (AD) remain inconsistent, possibly due to unexplored gene-environment interactions. The aim of this study was to examine whether a potential effect of TRAP on AD prevalence in children is modified by selected single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) related to oxidative stress and inflammation. METHODS: Doctor-diagnosed AD up to age 2 years and at 7-8 years, as well as AD symptoms up to age 2 years, were assessed using parental-reported questionnaires in six birth cohorts (N=5,685)...
April 6, 2018: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624706/pharmacokinetics-of-efavirenz-in-patients-on-antituberculosis-treatment-in-high-hiv-and-tuberculosis-burden-countries-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Daniel Atwine, Maryline Bonnet, Anne-Marie Taburet
AIMS: Efavirenz (EFV) and Rifampicin-Isoniazid (RH) are cornerstone drugs in HIV-tuberculosis (TB) co-infection treatment but with complex drug interactions, efficacy and safety challenges. We reviewed recent data on EFV and RH interaction in TB/HIV high-burden countries. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of studies conducted in the high TB/HIV-burden countries between 1990 and 2016 on EFV pharmacokinetics during RH co-administration in co-infected patients...
April 6, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624664/effectiveness-of-a-trauma-focused-group-intervention-for-young-refugees-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Elisa Pfeiffer, Cedric Sachser, Friederike Rohlmann, Lutz Goldbeck
BACKGROUND: As access to evidence-based treatments for young refugees with posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) is limited, we developed the trauma-focused group intervention Mein Weg to be delivered by trained social workers. A recently published pilot study delivered preliminary evidence of the intervention with regard to symptom reduction and its feasibility. The aim of this study was, therefore, to determine whether the intervention, in addition to usual care (UC), is more effective in reducing PTSS (primary outcome) compared to UC alone...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624211/influence-of-maternal-negative-emotion-reactivity-and-cognitive-reappraisal-on-child-anxiety-disorder
#20
Nava Wald, Tal Carthy, Vered Shenaar-Golan, Yael Tadmor-Zisman, Maayan Ziskind
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are among the most common psychopathologies in childhood. Two underlying contributors to child anxiety disorders (ADs) are negative emotional hyper-reactivity and deficits in reappraisal, a cognitive strategy of emotion regulation. Given that emotion regulation develops in the context of parent-child interaction, the aim of this study was to fill a research gap regarding the association between maternal negative emotional reactivity (NER) and reappraisal and child anxiety by examining (a) whether mothers of children with ADs display abnormalities in emotional reactivity and reappraisal compared to mothers of children without ADs; (b) whether maternal NER and reappraisal are associated with child anxiety; and (c) whether maternal reactivity and reappraisal significantly explain the variance in the level of child anxiety beyond the level of maternal anxiety...
April 2018: Depression and Anxiety
keyword
keyword
99750
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"