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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347896/-impact-of-different-types-of-fathers-on-family-climate-in-young-adulthood-a-multi-perspective-longitudinal-study-on-14-to-27-year-olds-and-their-fathers
#1
Fabian J Escher, Inge Seiffge-Krenke
Impact of Different Types of Fathers on Family Climate in Young Adulthood: A Multi-perspective Longitudinal Study on 14 to 27 Year Olds and their Fathers In a 13 year longitudinal study, the influence of three types of fathers on the family climate was analyzed. In a sample of 213 subjects, their 169 fathers and their 210 mothers, the family environment ( Family Environment Scales) was examined when the subjects were young adults (M = 26.89, SD = 1.32). The results of the study point to significant changes in family climate in those young adults who described their father as increasingly negative (N = 28) or distant (N = 11) when in adolescence...
January 2018: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294655/when-bigger-is-better-household-size-abuse-injuries-neglect-and-family-response-in-novosibirsk-russia
#2
Clifton R Emery, Tatiana Eremina, Carmen Arenas, Jaeyop Kim, Ko Ling Chan
Although previous research has demonstrated larger households to be at higher risk of physical abuse and neglect of children, we argue that unilateral conceptualization of larger households as a risk factor is inappropriate. Application of resource dilution theory must capture the possibility that larger families may have more members with both the agency and will to intervene against child maltreatment. We hypothesized a negative interaction between household size and protective informal social control by family members in predicting abuse injuries and neglect...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291410/effect-of-frozen-thawed-embryo-transfer-on-birthweight-macrosomia-and-low-birthweight-rates-in-us-singleton-infants
#3
Julia F Litzky, Sheree L Boulet, Navid Esfandiari, Yujia Zhang, Dmitry M Kissin, Regan N Theiler, Carmen J Marsit
BACKGROUND: Singleton infants conceived using assisted reproductive technology have lower average birthweights than naturally-conceived infants and are more likely to be born low birthweight (<2500 grams). Lower birthweights are associated with increased infant and child mortality and poor adult health outcomes, including cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and diabetes. Data from registry and single center studies suggest that frozen/thawed embryo transfer may be associated with larger birthweights...
December 29, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287633/familial-psychosocial-risk-classes-and-preschooler-body-mass-index-the-moderating-effect-of-caregiver-feeding-style
#4
Mildred A Horodynski, Holly E Brophy-Herb, Tiffany L Martoccio, Dawn Contreras, Karen Peterson, Mackenzie Shattuck, Neda Senehi, Zachary Favreau, Alison L Miller, Julie Sturza, Niko Kaciroti, Julie C Lumeng
BACKGROUND: Early child weight gain predicts adolescent and adult obesity, underscoring the need to determine early risk factors affecting weight status and how risk factors might be mitigated. Socioeconomic status, food insecurity, caregiver depressive symptomology, single parenthood, and dysfunctional parenting each have been linked to early childhood weight status. However, the associations between these risk factors and children's weight status may be moderated by caregiver feeding styles (CFS)...
December 26, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228780/vocalizations-of-minimally-verbal-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-across-the-school-year
#5
Moon Young Savana Bak, Joshua B Plavnick, Sarah M Byrne
Little is known about the language trajectories of minimally verbal school-aged children with autism spectrum disorders. The present investigation conducted observations across two elementary schools over an entire school year to analyze the vocal language development of nine minimally verbal children with autism spectrum disorder between the ages of 6 and 10 years, and their educational service providers. A Language Environment Analysis™ device automatically recorded and disaggregated over 743 h of data on child vocalizations, and vocal interactions with adults...
December 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225394/parents-and-partners-moderating-and-mediating-influences-on-intimate-partner-violence-across-adolescence-and-young-adulthood
#6
Angela M Kaufman-Parks, Alfred DeMaris, Peggy C Giordano, Wendy D Manning, Monica A Longmore
Prior work examining intimate partner violence (IPV) among young adults often has emphasized familial characteristics, such as parent-child physical aggression (PCPA), and romantic relationship dynamics, such as jealousy and controlling behaviors, but has not considered these two domains simultaneously. Likewise, research examining how these two domains affect IPV perpetration over time for young adults is still limited. Using five waves of data from the Toledo Adolescent Relationships Study (N = 950), the present study examined the influence of parent-child relationship factors and romantic relationship dynamics in both their main and interactive effects on IPV perpetration spanning adolescence through young adulthood...
December 2017: Journal of Social and Personal Relationships
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223777/child-care-centre-adherence-to-infant-physical-activity-and-screen-time-recommendations-in-australia-canada-and-the-united-states-an-observational-study
#7
Lyndel Hewitt, Sara E Benjamin-Neelon, Valerie Carson, Rebecca M Stanley, Ian Janssen, Anthony D Okely
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare adherence to physical activity and sedentary behaviour recommendations within the 2011 Institute of Medicine Early Childhood Obesity Prevention Policies as well as screen time recommendations from the 2013 American Academy of Pediatrics for samples of infants in child care centres in Australia, Canada, and the United States (US). METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from: the Australian 2013 Standing Preschools (N=9) and the 2014-2017 Early Start Baseline (N=22) studies; the 2011 Canadian Healthy Living Habits in Pre-School Children study (N=14); and the American 2008 (N=31) and 2013-2017 (N=31) Baby Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care (NAP SACC) trials...
December 7, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218847/potential-exposure-to-australian-bat-lyssavirus-is-unlikely-to-prevent-future-bat-handling-among-adults-in-south-east-queensland
#8
M K Young, S Banu, B J McCall, S Vlack, H Carroll, S Bennett, R Davison, D Francis
Despite ongoing public health messages about the risks associated with bat contact, the number of potential exposures to Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV) due to intentional handling by members of the general public in Queensland has remained high. We sought to better understand the reasons for intentional handling among these members of the public who reported their potential exposure to inform future public health messages. We interviewed adults who resided in a defined geographic area in South East Queensland and notified potential exposure to ABLV due to intentional handling of bats by telephone between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2013...
December 8, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171429/age-related-connectivity-differences-between-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder-patients-and-typically-developing-subjects-a-resting-state-functional-mri-study
#9
Jisu Hong, Bo-Yong Park, Hwan-Ho Cho, Hyunjin Park
Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a disorder characterized by behavioral symptoms including hyperactivity/impulsivity among children, adolescents, and adults. These ADHD related symptoms are influenced by the complex interaction of brain networks which were under explored. We explored age-related brain network differences between ADHD patients and typically developing (TD) subjects using resting state fMRI (rs-fMRI) for three age groups of children, adolescents, and adults. We collected rs-fMRI data from 184 individuals (27 ADHD children and 31 TD children; 32 ADHD adolescents and 32 TD adolescents; and 31 ADHD adults and 31 TD adults)...
October 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168024/teenage-pregnancy-and-long-term-mental-health-outcomes-among-indigenous-women-in-canada
#10
Chloé G Xavier, Hilary K Brown, Anita C Benoit
Our objectives were to (1) compare the risks for poor long-term mental health outcomes among indigenous women with and without a teenage pregnancy and (2) determine if community and cultural factors modify this risk. We conducted a secondary analysis of the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey. Respondents were women aged 25 to 49 years who had given birth to at least one child. Teenage mothers (age at first birth 13 to 19 years; n = 1330) were compared to adult mothers (age at first birth 20 years or older; n = 2630)...
November 22, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167697/young-lives-disrupted-gender-and-well-being-among-adolescent-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon
#11
Jocelyn DeJong, Farah Sbeity, Jennifer Schlecht, Manale Harfouche, Rouham Yamout, Fouad M Fouad, Seema Manohar, Courtland Robinson
Background: The conflict in Syria that began in 2011 has resulted in the exodus of over 5 million Syrian refugees to neighbouring countries, with more than one million refugees currently registered by UNHCR in Lebanon. While some are living in tented settlements, the majority are living in strained conditions in rented accommodation or collective shelters in the Bekaa Valley next to Syria. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable in any crisis. In 2013-4, the American University in Beirut in collaboration with the Women's Refugee Commission, Johns Hopkins and Save the Children, sought to understand the specific experiences of very young adolescents, those 10-14 years of age, in this protracted crisis context...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160719/geographical-proximity-and-depressive-symptoms-among-adult-child-caregivers-social-support-as-a-moderator
#12
Mengting Li, Weiyu Mao, Iris Chi, Vivian W Q Lou
OBJECTIVES: This study examined whether geographical proximity is a predictor of depressive symptoms, and whether family and friend support can moderate the relationship between geographical proximity and depressive symptoms. METHOD: A survey of 557 adult child primary caregivers was conducted in Shanghai, China in 2013. Geographical proximity was measured as a categorical variable: coresidence, short distance (less than 30 minutes' travel time), and long distance (more than 30 minutes' travel time)...
November 21, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143941/peer-victimization-during-middle-childhood-as-a-marker-of-attenuated-risk-for-adult-arrest
#13
David Schwartz, Jennifer E Lansford, Kenneth A Dodge, Gregory S Pettit, John E Bates
This longitudinal investigation examined interactions between aggression and peer victimization during middle childhood in the prediction of arrest through the adult years for 388 (198 boys, 190 girls) study participants. As part of an ongoing multisite study (i.e., Child Development Project), peer victimization and aggression were assessed via a peer nomination inventory in middle childhood, and juvenile and adult arrest histories were assessed via a self-report questionnaire as well as review of court records...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125514/crowdsourcing-utility-estimation-for-spina-bifida-in-the-general-population
#14
Ruiyang Jiang, Brian M Inouye, Hsin-Hsiao S Wang, Rohit Tejwani, Jonathan C Routh
INTRODUCTION: Cost-utility analyses (CUA) are useful when the treatment conditions depend on patient preferences that are in turn dependent on health state utility value. Spina bifida (SB) is an example of such a preference-sensitive condition. Historically, the SB utility value for CUA has been gathered via a traditional face-to-face interview. However, due to funding and time constrains, utility estimation via online crowdsourcing has recently gained popularity. Our aim was to estimate the utility value for a generic SB health state using a validated online tool...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124823/differences-between-child-and-adult-large-scale-functional-brain-networks-for-reading-tasks
#15
Xin Liu, Yue Gao, Qiqi Di, Jiali Hu, Chunming Lu, Yun Nan, James R Booth, Li Liu
Reading is an important high-level cognitive function of the human brain, requiring interaction among multiple brain regions. Revealing differences between children's large-scale functional brain networks for reading tasks and those of adults helps us to understand how the functional network changes over reading development. Here we used functional magnetic resonance imaging data of 17 adults (19-28 years old) and 16 children (11-13 years old), and graph theoretical analyses to investigate age-related changes in large-scale functional networks during rhyming and meaning judgment tasks on pairs of visually presented Chinese characters...
November 9, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115763/how-modifiable-factors-influence-parental-decision-making-about-organ-donation
#16
Kamila Luberda, Karen Cleaver
A global shortage of organs from children and adults available for transplantation is compounded by the failure of next of kin to consent for organs to be donated after death. Non-modifiable and modifiable factors influence decision-making in this area. Modifiable factors are of interest when examining families' decision-making about the donation of organs from their deceased child. A scoping review was undertaken to determine how modifiable factors influence parental decision-making about organ donation. Thematic analysis identified two themes: interactions with healthcare professionals and pre-disposition to organ donation...
November 7, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108651/targeting-couple-and-parent-child-coercion-to-improve-health-behaviors
#17
Amy M Smith Slep, Richard E Heyman, Danielle M Mitnick, Michael F Lorber, Theodore P Beauchaine
This phase of the NIH Science of Behavior Change program emphasizes an "experimental medicine approach to behavior change," that seeks to identify targets related to stress reactivity, self-regulation, and social processes for maximal effects on multiple health outcomes. Within this framework, our project focuses on interpersonal processes associated with health: coercive couple and parent-child conflict. Diabetes and poor oral health portend pain, distress, expense, loss of productivity, and even mortality...
October 19, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095076/the-parenting-journey-daily-parental-management-in-families-with-young-children
#18
Maria Carbines, Annette Dickinson, Barbara McKenzie-Green
Transitioning to parenthood and establishing a family are significant life events, and although an expected and normal part of adult life, it is a time of stress, change, and learning. The family has been well-studied with regard to developmental norms and the diagnosis and treatment of physical, cognitive, and emotional problems. However, little is known about how parents of young children establish, manage, and maintain their families on a daily basis. Social constructivist grounded theory was used to examine day to day parental management in families with young children...
November 2, 2017: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095040/prevalence-and-risk-factors-among-minors-for-online-sexual-solicitations-and-interactions-with-adults
#19
Patricia de Santisteban, Manuel Gámez-Guadix
The research on online child sexual victimization has mainly focused on the sexual solicitation of minors (i.e., sexual requests by an adult), with scarce information available on sexual interactions (e.g., cybersex or meeting in person) in which a minor is exploited by an adult. In the present study, we analyzed the prevalence and risk factors associated with both sexual solicitations and interactions of minors with adults. The sample included 2,731 minors between 12 and 15 years old (50.6% female). The minors completed several self-report questionnaires about sexual solicitations and interactions with adults, including possible risk factors (e...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093033/digital-screen-media-and-cognitive-development
#20
REVIEW
Daniel R Anderson, Kaveri Subrahmanyam
In this article, we examine the impact of digital screen devices, including television, on cognitive development. Although we know that young infants and toddlers are using touch screen devices, we know little about their comprehension of the content that they encounter on them. In contrast, research suggests that children begin to comprehend child-directed television starting at ∼2 years of age. The cognitive impact of these media depends on the age of the child, the kind of programming (educational programming versus programming produced for adults), the social context of viewing, as well the particular kind of interactive media (eg, computer games)...
November 2017: Pediatrics
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