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Adult child interaction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774499/factors-influencing-l2-self-repair-behavior-the-role-of-l2-proficiency-attentional-control-and-l1-self-repair-behavior
#1
Michael Zuniga, Daphnée Simard
Self-repairs, that is revisions of speech that speakers themselves initiate and complete (Salonen and Laakso in J Child Lang 36:859, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0305000908009240 ), are frequently used to observe the cognitive and linguistic processes underlying second language (L2) speech production. Previous research has shown that factors such as L2 proficiency, attentional control and native language (L1) self-repair behavior interact with L2 self-repair behavior. To our knowledge, however, no research has examined how these three factors interact within a cohort of L2 speakers...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773528/a-digital-app-to-aid-detection-monitoring-and-management-of-dyslexia-in-young-children-dimmand-protocol-for-a-digital-health-and-education-solution
#2
Mariam R Sood, Annet Toornstra, Martin I Sereno, Mark Boland, Daniele Filaretti, Anuj Sood
BACKGROUND: Dyslexia, a specific learning difficulty and a disability as defined in the Equality Act 2010, is a lifelong condition that affects a child from the start of education. Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties in language processing (reading, spelling, and writing) which do not correspond with the child's general intellectual abilities. Although dyslexia cannot be cured, there is a consensus that interventions are more effective and have greater impact the earlier they are administered...
May 17, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769663/endogenous-testosterone-and-exogenous-oxytocin-influence-the-response-to-baby-schema-in-the-female-brain
#3
Sarah K C Holtfrerich, Roland Pfister, Alexander T El Gammal, Eugen Bellon, Esther K Diekhof
Nurturing behavior may be critically influenced by the interplay of different hormones. The neuropeptide oxytocin is known to promote maternal behavior and its reduction has been associated with postpartum depression risk and child neglect. Contrariwise, the observed decrease in testosterone level during early parenthood may benefit caretaking behavior, whereas increased testosterone may reduce attention to infants. Here we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate the interactive influence of testosterone and oxytocin on selective attention to and neural processing of the baby schema (BS)...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760680/disruption-in-thyroid-signaling-pathway-a-mechanism-for-the-effect-of-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-on-child-neurodevelopment
#4
REVIEW
Akhgar Ghassabian, Leonardo Trasande
Thyroid hormones are crucial in normal brain development. Transient and mild thyroid hormone insufficiency in pregnancy is also associated with impaired neurodevelopment in the offspring (e.g., 3-4 IQ score loss in association with maternal free thyroxine in the lowest fifth percentile). While inadequate iodine intake remains the most common underlying cause of mild thyroid hormone insufficiency in vulnerable populations including pregnant women, other factors such as exposure to environmental contaminants have recently attracted increasing attention, in particular in interaction with iodine deficiency...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757927/association-between-actual-and-perceived-obesity-weaker-among-black-than-white-children
#5
Maryam Moghani Lankarani, Shervin Assari
Although actual obesity is expected to be associated with perceived overweight, some recent studies in adults have suggested that this link may be smaller for Blacks than Whites. It is unknown, however, whether the same trend holds for children or not. This study explored the heterogeneity of the association between actual and perceived obesity in a national sample of American children by race, gender, and their intersection. Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC), 2009⁻2010, is a national study of children 17 years or less in the United States...
May 14, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727030/social-motor-coordination-during-adult-child-interactions
#6
Rita Pfeiffer, Mark Wallace, Miriam Lense
Social motor coordination (SMC) pertains to the timing of contingent movements during social interactions and is of high relevance for successful social and musical interactions. Semi-automated, objective methods are increasingly being used to analyze SMC, though it is unclear if these methods are feasible in naturalistic settings with young children. The purpose of the current preliminary study was to explore SMC in adult-child dyads during semi-structured social interactions. Thirteen dyads (mean age of children = 36 months) participated in a predictable turn-taking task from a social communication assessment, and a semi-automated frame-difference approach was used to capture movement activity...
May 4, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718927/predictive-saccades-in-children-and-adults-a-combined-fmri-and-eye-tracking-study
#7
Katerina Lukasova, Mariana P Nucci, Raymundo Machado de Azevedo Neto, Gilson Vieira, João R Sato, Edson Amaro
Saccades were assessed in 21 adults (age 24 years, SD = 4) and 15 children (age 11 years, SD = 1), using combined functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and eye-tracking. Subjects visually tracked a point on a horizontal line in four conditions: time and position predictable task (PRED), position predictable (pPRED), time predictable (tPRED) and visually guided saccades (SAC). Both groups in the PRED but not in pPRED, tPRED and SAC produced predictive saccades with latency below 80 ms. In task versus group comparisons, children's showed less efficient learning compared to adults for predictive saccades (adults = 48%, children = 34%, p = 0...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709072/numerical-evaluation-of-human-exposure-to-wimax-patch-antenna-in-tablet-or-laptop
#8
Beatrice Siervo, Maria Sole Morelli, Luigi Landini, Valentina Hartwig
The use of wireless communication devices, such as tablets or laptops, is increasing among children. Only a few studies assess specific energy absorption rate (SAR) due to exposure from wireless-enabled tablets and laptops, in particular with Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMax) technology. This paper reports the estimation of the interaction between an E-shaped patch antenna (3.5 GHz) and human models, by means of finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method. Specifically, four different human models (young adult male, young adult female, pre-teenager female, male child) in different exposure conditions (antenna at different distances from the human model, in different positions, and orientations) were considered and whole-body, 10 and 1 g local SAR and magnetic field value (Bmax) were evaluated...
April 30, 2018: Bioelectromagnetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706842/alibis-for-adult-play-a-goffmanian-account-of-escaping-embarrassment-in-adult-play
#9
Sebastian Deterding
The social meanings of play sit at odds with norms of responsible and productive adult conduct. To be "caught" playing as an adult therefore risks embarrassment. Still, many designers want to create enjoyable, nonembarrassing play experiences for adults. To address this need, this article reads instances of spontaneous adult play through the lens of Erving Goffman's theory of the interaction order to unpack conditions and strategies for nonembarrassing adult play. It identifies established frames, segregated audiences, scripts supporting smooth performance, managing audience awareness, role distancing, and, particularly, alibis for play: Adults routinely provide alternative, adult-appropriate motives to account for their play, such as child care, professional duties, creative expression, or health...
May 2018: Games and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703204/exploring-end-of-life-interaction-in-dyads-of-parents-and-adult-children-a-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
Stephanie Stiel, Eva-Maria Stelzer, Nils Schneider, Franziska A Herbst
BACKGROUND: A considerable number of terminally-ill adult children are outlived by at least one parent and receive palliative care prior to their death. At the same time, adult children continue to be confronted with their parents' terminal illnesses and end-of-life situations. The current study explores the specifics of dyadic interaction at the end of life between a) adult children suffering from a life-threatening disease and their parents, and b) terminally ill parents and their adult children...
April 27, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700201/antibiotic-allergy-in-pediatrics
#11
REVIEW
Allison Eaddy Norton, Katherine Konvinse, Elizabeth J Phillips, Ana Dioun Broyles
The overlabeling of pediatric antibiotic allergy represents a huge burden in society. Given that up to 10% of the US population is labeled as penicillin allergic, it can be estimated that at least 5 million children in this country are labeled with penicillin allergy. We now understand that most of the cutaneous symptoms that are interpreted as drug allergy are likely viral induced or due to a drug-virus interaction, and they usually do not represent a long-lasting, drug-specific, adaptive immune response to the antibiotic that a child received...
April 26, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679049/individual-and-shared-effects-of-social-environment-and-polygenic-risk-scores-on-adolescent-body-mass-index
#12
Jonathan R I Coleman, Eva Krapohl, Thalia C Eley, Gerome Breen
Juvenile obesity is associated with adverse health outcomes. Understanding genetic and environmental influences on body mass index (BMI) during adolescence could inform interventions. We investigated independent and interactive effects of parenting, socioeconomic status (SES) and polygenic risk on BMI pre-adolescence, and on the rate of change in BMI across adolescence. Genome-wide genotype data, BMI and child perceptions of parental warmth and punitive discipline were available at 11 years old, and parental SES was available from birth on 3,414 unrelated participants...
April 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664909/higher-parental-occupational-social-contact-is-associated-with-a-reduced-risk-of-incident-pediatric-type-1-diabetes-mediation-through-molecular-enteroviral-indices
#13
Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Angela Pezic, Fergus J Cameron, Christine Rodda, Andrew S Kemp, John B Carlin, Heikki Hyoty, Amirbabak Sioofy-Khojine, Terence Dwyer, Justine A Ellis, Maria E Craig
We aimed to examine the association between parental occupational social contact and hygiene factors on type 1 diabetes (T1D) risk and possible mediation of these effects through child enteroviral infection. We interviewed 333 incident T1D cases and 660 controls from 2008-2011 in Melbourne, Australia. Enteroviral indices (ribonucleic acid by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Coxsackie B virus antibody levels) in peripheral blood were measured in nested case control samples. Parent occupational social contact was assessed by the number of well or sick children, adults or animals contacted daily through work...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664727/open-fit-domes-and-children-with-bilateral-high-frequency-sensorineural-hearing-loss-benefits-and-outcomes
#14
Patti M Johnstone, Kelly R Yeager, Marnie L Pomeroy, Nicole Hawk
BACKGROUND: Open-fit domes (OFDs) coupled with behind-the-ear (BTE) hearing aids were designed for adult listeners with moderate-to-severe bilateral high-frequency hearing loss (BHFL) with little to no concurrent loss in the lower frequencies. Adult research shows that BHFL degrades sound localization accuracy (SLA) and that BTE hearing aids with conventional earmolds (CEs) make matters worse. In contrast, research has shown that OFDs enhance spatial hearing percepts in adults with BHFL...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658758/coparenting-in-the-family-of-origin-and-new-parents-couple-relationship-functioning
#15
Jia Yan, Anna Olsavsky, Sarah J Schoppe-Sullivan, Claire M Kamp Dush
To better understand the long-term implications of coparenting quality for adult child outcomes, we examined the associations between coparenting quality in the family of origin (Generation 1; G1), and attachment avoidance and anxiety and perceived relationship functioning of new parents (Generation 2; G2) using a dyadic approach. Dual-earner families expecting their first child (n = 182) were followed across the transition to parenthood and assessed at the third trimester of pregnancy (3T) and 9 months after childbirth (9M)...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624706/pharmacokinetics-of-efavirenz-in-patients-on-antituberculosis-treatment-in-high-hiv-and-tuberculosis-burden-countries-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Daniel Atwine, Maryline Bonnet, Anne-Marie Taburet
AIMS: Efavirenz (EFV) and Rifampicin-Isoniazid (RH) are cornerstone drugs in HIV-tuberculosis (TB) co-infection treatment but with complex drug interactions, efficacy and safety challenges. We reviewed recent data on EFV and RH interaction in TB/HIV high-burden countries. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of studies conducted in the high TB/HIV-burden countries between 1990 and 2016 on EFV pharmacokinetics during RH co-administration in co-infected patients...
April 6, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594313/automated-language-environment-analysis-a-research-synthesis
#17
Charles R Greenwood, Alana G Schnitz, Dwight Irvin, Shu Fe Tsai, Judith J Carta
Purpose: The Language Environment Analysis (LENA®) represents a breakthrough in automatic speech detection because it makes one's language environment, what adults and children actually hear and say, efficiently measurable. The purpose of this article was to examine (a) current dimensions of LENA research, (b) LENA's sensitivity to differences in populations and language environments, and (c) what has been achieved in closing the Word Gap. Method: From electronic and human searches, 83 peer-reviewed articles using LENA were identified, and 53 met inclusionary criteria and were included in a systematic literature review...
March 28, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594156/affectionate-interactions-of-cats-with-children-having-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Lynette A Hart, Abigail P Thigpen, Neil H Willits, Leslie A Lyons, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Benjamin L Hart
Mental and physical benefits of dogs have been reported for adults and children with special needs, but less is known about benefits of cats for children. A cat that can be held by a child could provide important therapeutic companionship for children with severe or less severe autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who otherwise may lack prosocial behaviors. Because relatively little is known about the behavior of cats around children, we conducted this study. Phase 1 gathered web-survey data from families having an adult cat and a child with ASD ( n  = 64)...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583076/how-do-adolescents-affected-by-cancer-experience-a-hospital-environment
#19
Kimberly Peeters, Pleuntje Jellema, Margo Annemans, Ann Heylighen
PURPOSE: Adolescence is a transition period involving complex development processes. A life-threatening disease like cancer jeopardizes this development and often exposes adolescents to hospital environments that are unadjusted to them. Despite growing research on how the physical environment affects the well-being of the (child as) patient, adolescents are often overlooked. We investigated how adolescents experience a hospital stay and how the physical environment influences that experience...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575710/divergently-seeking-clarification-the-emergence-of-clarification-interaction
#20
Jonathan Ginzburg, Dimitra Kolliakou
Clarification requests, queries posed in response to a "problematic" (misheard, misunderstood, etc.) utterance, are a challenge to mainstream semantic theories because they call into question notions such as "shared content" or "the context." Given their strong parallelism requirements, elliptical clarification requests introduce in addition significant complexities concerning the need for long-term maintenance of non-semantic information in context. In this paper, we consider a puzzle concerning the emergence of elliptical clarification requests in child English: Data from the Belfast and Manchester corpora from CHILDES demonstrate that reprise fragments, the highest frequency clarification request construction among adults, emerges with significant delay in comparison with reprise sluices, bare wh-phrases used to request clarification...
March 25, 2018: Topics in Cognitive Science
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