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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576347/scapular-muscle-dysfunction-associated-with-subacromial-pain-syndrome
#1
Birgit Castelein, Barbara Cagnie, Ann Cools
STUDY DESIGN: Narrative Review. INTRODUCTION: One of the shoulder pain disorders in which the function of the scapula is comprised is the subacromial pain syndrome. Several rehabilitation guidelines and exercises have been proposed to improve scapulothoracic muscle dysfunction. Consideration of muscle activation patterns may help to select the most appropriate rehabilitation exercise in these patients. To date, suggesting rehabilitation exercises is often based upon the knowledge of the superficial lying scapulothoracic muscles' activity...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554714/analysis-of-shoulder-abduction-by-dynamic-shoulder-radiograph-following-suprascapular-nerve-repair-in-brachial-plexus-injury
#2
Takashi Shimoe, Kazuteru Doi, Tomas Madura, Kannan K Kumar, Tristram D Montales, Yasunori Hattori, Sotetsu Sakamoto, Kiminori Yukata, Munehito Yoshida
BACKGROUND: Suprascapular nerve repair is a widely-prioritized procedure for shoulder reconstruction following brachial plexus injury. Although this procedure only reconstructs glenohumeral joint motion, the standard clinical assessment of shoulder function also includes the scapulothoracic joint contribution. The purpose of this preliminary study was to develop an objective method to accurately analyze shoulder abduction following suprascapular nerve repair in brachial plexus injury patients...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554052/acute-effects-of-spinal-bracing-on-scapular-kinematics-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#3
Gozde Gur, Elif Turgut, Cigdem Ayhan, Gul Baltaci, Yavuz Yakut
BACKGROUND: Bracing is the most common nonsurgical treatment for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spinal braces affect glenohumeral and scapulothoracic motion because they restrict trunk movements. However, the potential spinal-bracing effects on scapular kinematics are unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the acute effects of spinal bracing on scapular kinematics in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. METHODS: Scapular kinematics, including scapular internal/external rotation, posterior/anterior tilting, and downward/upward rotation during scapular plane elevation, were evaluated in 27 in-brace and out-of-brace adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients with a three-dimensional electromagnetic tracking system...
May 22, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507976/painful-pseudowinging-and-snapping-of-scapula-due-to-subscapular-osteochondroma-a-case-report
#4
Raja Rameez, Mehmood Ul-Hassan, Hilal A Kotwal, Khursheed A H Kangoo, Asif Nazir
INTRODUCTION: Osteochondroma or exostosis is most common benign bone tumors. They are usually seen in the metaphyses of long bones with more than 35% of cases affecting the bone around the knee and are seldom found in flat bones like scapula. When present in scapula, they may cause abnormal scapulothoracic movements leading to pain, snapping, and pseudowinging of scapula. CASE REPORT: We describe a novel case of osteochondroma arising on the ventral aspect of right scapula in a 16-year-old otherwise healthy female patient causing snapping and pseudowinging of scapula and occasional pain in affected area...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454773/efficacy-of-3-therapeutic-taping-configurations-for-children-with-brachial-plexus-birth-palsy
#5
Stephanie A Russo, Dan A Zlotolow, Ross S Chafetz, Luisa M Rodriguez, Devin Kelly, Holly Linamen, James G Richards, John D Lubahn, Scott H Kozin
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional clinical measurement study. INTRODUCTION: Scapular winging is a frequent complaint among children with brachial plexus birth palsy (BPBP). Therapeutic taping for scapular stabilization has been reported to decrease scapular winging. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to determine which therapeutic taping construct was most effective for children with BPBP. METHODS: Twenty-eight children with BPBP participated in motion capture assessment with 4 taping conditions: (1) no tape, (2) facilitation of rhomboid major and rhomboid minor, (3) facilitation of middle and lower trapezius, and (4) facilitation of rhomboid major, rhomboid minor, and middle and lower trapezius (combination of both 2 and 3, referred to as combined taping)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409142/snapping-scapula-arthroscopic-resection-of-osteochondroma-of-the-subscapularis-superomedial-angle-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Alexandre Tadeu do Nascimento, Gustavo Kogake Claudio
Snapping scapula syndrome has several etiologies, including subscapular osteochondroma. When this tumor needs to be removed, this can be done arthroscopically, a procedure that has restricted indications. The authors present a case of a patient with superomedial subscapular osteochondroma who underwent a scapulothoracic arthroscopy for its removal.
March 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406877/scapulothoracic-dissociation-evaluation-and-management
#7
Andrew M Choo, Patrick C Schottel, Andrew R Burgess
Scapulothoracic dissociation is a rare, potentially limb- and life-threatening injury of the shoulder girdle. The injury is characterized by lateral displacement of the scapula resulting from traumatic disruption of the scapulothoracic articulation. The typical physical examination findings consist of substantial swelling of the shoulder girdle, along with weakness, numbness, and pulselessness in the ipsilateral upper extremity. Radiographic evaluation includes measurement of the scapular index on a nonrotated chest radiograph and assessment for either a distracted clavicle fracture or a disrupted acromioclavicular or sternoclavicular joint...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372700/editorial-commentary-arthroscopy-of-the-scapulothoracic-joint-for-treatment-of-snapping-scapula-syndrome-minimum-2-year-results-in-a-large-series-a-long-awaited-publication
#8
EDITORIAL
Jüri-Toomas Kartus
Arthroscopic treatment of the snapping scapula renders improved results compared with the preoperative assessments in terms of several outcome scores at a minimum of 2 years.
April 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347934/kinematic-analysis-of-the-shoulder-complex-after-anatomic-and-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Alexandra Roren, Christelle Nguyen, Clémence Palazzo, Fouad Fayad, Michel Revel, Thomas Gregory, Serge Poiraudeau, Agnès Roby-Brami, Marie-Martine Lefèvre-Colau
BACKGROUND: The movement of the arm relative to the trunk results from coordinated 3D glenohumeral and scapulothoracic movements. Changes in scapula kinematics may occur after total shoulder arthroplasty and could affect clinical and functional outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the 3D movement of the scapula during arm elevation after anatomic and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. DESIGN/METHODS: This was a single-centre, non-randomized, controlled cross-sectional study...
June 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322758/increased-seat-dump-angle-in-a-manual-wheelchair-is-associated-with-changes-in-thoracolumbar-lordosis-and-scapular-kinematics-during-propulsion
#10
Beth A Cloud, Kristin D Zhao, Arin M Ellingson, Ahmad Nassr, Anthony J Windebank, Kai-Nan An
OBJECTIVE: To quantify and compare spinal curvature and shoulder kinematics throughout the manual wheelchair propulsion cycle for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) who were seated at 2 different seat dump angles. DESIGN: Single-group, repeated-measures study. SETTING: Academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight individuals completed the telephone screening; 21 were eligible and completed the study. INTERVENTIONS: Participants' personal manual wheelchairs were modified to have seat dump angles of 0° or 14°, with a vertical backrest...
March 18, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298060/a-cadaveric-model-evaluating-the-influence-of-bony-anatomy-and-the-effectiveness-of-partial-scapulectomy-on-decompression-of-the-scapulothoracic-space-in-snapping-scapula-syndrome
#11
Dimitri S Tahal, J Christoph Katthagen, Daniel Cole Marchetti, Jacob D Mikula, Scott R Montgomery, Alex Brady, Grant J Dornan, Peter J Millett
BACKGROUND: Snapping scapula syndrome (SSS) is caused by bony and/or soft tissue impingement in the scapulothoracic articulation. Surgical resection of the superomedial angle (SMA) plus bursectomy can provide relief in most cases; however, the amount needed to achieve adequate scapulothoracic space decompression (SSD) is unknown. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of partial scapulectomy and the influence of bony anatomy on SSD. It was hypothesized that the anterior offset and costomedial angle would correlate with the amount of bony resection needed to achieve adequate SSD...
May 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274475/effect-of-various-upper-limb-multibody-models-on-soft-tissue-artefact-correction-a-case-study
#12
Alexandre Naaim, Florent Moissenet, Sonia Duprey, Mickaël Begon, Laurence Chèze
Soft tissue artefacts (STA) introduce errors in joint kinematics when using cutaneous markers, especially on the scapula. Both segmental optimisation and multibody kinematics optimisation (MKO) algorithms have been developed to improve kinematics estimates. MKO based on a chain model with joint constraints avoids apparent joint dislocation but is sensitive to the biofidelity of chosen joint constraints. Since no recommendation exists for the scapula, our objective was to determine the best models to accurately estimate its kinematics...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217425/short-term-effects-of-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-on-pain-free-range-of-motion-in-a-weightlifter-with-subacromial-pain-syndrome
#13
Joseph Paul Coviello, Rumit Singh Kakar, Timothy James Reynolds
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: While there is limited evidence supporting the use of soft tissue mobilization techniques for Subacromial Pain Syndrome (SAPS), synonymous with subacromial impingement syndrome, previous studies have reported successful outcomes using soft tissue mobilization as a treatment technique. The purpose of this case report is to document the results of Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization (IASTM) for the treatment of SAPS. CASE DESCRIPTION: Diagnosis was reached based on the subject's history, tenderness to palpation, and four out of five positive tests in the diagnostic cluster...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174479/effect-of-pain-free-range-exercise-on-shoulder-pain-and-range-of-motion-in-an-amateur-skier
#14
Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] This study prescribed pain-free range exercises for a female amateur skier who complained of limitations in her shoulder range of motion, and pain caused by protective spasms; the tester evaluated the effects of such exercise on pain. [Subject and Methods] A 23-year-old female who complained of pain of 3 weeks in duration in the right glenohumoral and scapulothoracic joints was enrolled. [Results] After pain-free range exercises, the visual analog pain score was 2 and the shoulder flexion and abduction angles improved compared to the initial values...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161491/shoulder-and-elbow-kinematics-during-the-mallet-score-in-obstetrical-brachial-plexus-palsy
#15
Olivier Herisson, Nathalie Maurel, Amadou Diop, Morgane Le Chatelier, Adeline Cambon-Binder, Franck Fitoussi
BACKGROUND: The physical signs of obstetrical brachial plexus palsy range from temporary upper-limb dysfunction to a lifelong impairment and deformity in one arm. The aim of this study was to analyze the kinematics of the upper limb and to evaluate the contribution of glenohumeral and scapulothoracic joints of obstetrical brachial plexus palsy children. METHODS: Six children participated in this study: 2 males and 4 females with a mean age of 11.7years. Three patients had a C5, C6 lesion and 3 had a C5, C6, C7 lesion...
January 15, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159680/long-term-results-of-letournel-scapulothoracic-fusion-in-facioscapulohumeral-muscular-dystrophy-a-retrospective-study-of-eight-cases
#16
M Le Hanneur, Y Saint-Cast
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term radio-clinical outcome in scapulothoracic fusion using the Letournel technique (where the fourth rib is passed through the wing of the scapula and cerclage wires are tightened to the two ribs below) for patients suffering from facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHMD), a degenerative pathology affecting scapula-stabilizing muscles, leading to scapular winging, shoulder pain and restricted shoulder abduction and flexion, despite a functional deltoid muscle...
May 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142347/the-effectiveness-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-in-snapping-scapula
#17
Nihat Acar, Ahmet A Karaarslan, Ahmet Karakasli
BACKGROUND: Bursitis of the snapping scapula is commonly a misdiagnosed problem. Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) has been used successfully in the treatment of many chronic inflammatory conditions. The aim of this study was to assess and compare the effectiveness of ESWT in the treatment of scapulothoracic bursitis with the outcome of corticosteroid injection. METHODS: Using the randomized controlled trials 43 patients with scapulothoracic bursitis were divided into two groups...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126419/determining-3d-scapular-orientation-with-scapula-models-and-biplane-2d-images
#18
Kristen F Nicholson, R Tyler Richardson, Freeman Miller, James G Richards
This study evaluated a strategy for identifying 3D scapulothoracic orientation using bilateral X-ray scans and 3D scapula models. Both subject-specific scapula models and a scaled general model were utilized. 3D scapulothoracic orientations obtained from X-rays were compared to motion capture data. "Subjects" consisted of a skeletal model of a human torso and ten real bone scapulae. Retroreflective markers were placed on the scapulae and a three-marker triad was placed on the trunk. Marker positions were recorded using an eight camera motion capture system...
March 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116263/delayed-presentation-of-osteochondroma-at-superior-angle-of-scapula-a-case-report
#19
Mohit Jindal
INTRODUCTION: Osteochondroma or exostosis is most common primary benign bony tumor comprising of more than one third of the total occurrences. Osteochondromas are considered as an aberration in the normal physial growth plate and originate from the metaphysis of long bone with more than third (35-46%) of cases affecting the bone around the knee (lower end femur> upper end tibia), 10% cases involve the small bones of the hand and 5% involve the pelvis and flat bones like scapula (4-6%) are least involved...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856264/glenohumeral-arthrodesis-for-recurrent-types-ii-and-iii-shoulder-instability
#20
Tanujan Thangarajah, Deborah Higgs, J Ian L Bayley, Simon M Lambert
BACKGROUND: This study reports the clinical outcome after glenohumeral arthrodesis for recurrent type II (atraumatic structural) and type III (muscle patterning nonstructural disorder) shoulder instability. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted at a single facility. Eight consecutive patients (7 women and 1 man) with recurrent shoulder instability underwent arthrodesis and were monitored for a mean of 57 months (range, 24-123 months). Mean age at the time of surgery was 47 years (range, 21-73 years)...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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