keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

scapulothoracic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322758/increased-seat-dump-angle-in-a-manual-wheelchair-is-associated-with-changes-in-thoracolumbar-lordosis-and-scapular-kinematics-during-propulsion
#1
Beth A Cloud, Kristin D Zhao, Arin M Ellingson, Ahmad Nassr, Anthony J Windebank, Kai-Nan An
OBJECTIVE: To quantify and compare spinal curvature and shoulder kinematics throughout the manual wheelchair propulsion cycle for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) who were seated at 2 different seat dump angles. DESIGN: Single-group, repeated-measures study. SETTING: Academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight individuals completed the telephone screening; 21 were eligible and completed the study. INTERVENTIONS: Participants' personal manual wheelchairs were modified to have seat dump angles of 0° or 14°, with a vertical backrest...
March 18, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298060/a-cadaveric-model-evaluating-the-influence-of-bony-anatomy-and-the-effectiveness-of-partial-scapulectomy-on-decompression-of-the-scapulothoracic-space-in-snapping-scapula-syndrome
#2
Dimitri S Tahal, J Christoph Katthagen, Daniel Cole Marchetti, Jacob D Mikula, Scott R Montgomery, Alex Brady, Grant J Dornan, Peter J Millett
BACKGROUND: Snapping scapula syndrome (SSS) is caused by bony and/or soft tissue impingement in the scapulothoracic articulation. Surgical resection of the superomedial angle (SMA) plus bursectomy can provide relief in most cases; however, the amount needed to achieve adequate scapulothoracic space decompression (SSD) is unknown. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of partial scapulectomy and the influence of bony anatomy on SSD. It was hypothesized that the anterior offset and costomedial angle would correlate with the amount of bony resection needed to achieve adequate SSD...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274475/effect-of-various-upper-limb-multibody-models-on-soft-tissue-artefact-correction-a-case-study
#3
Alexandre Naaim, Florent Moissenet, Sonia Duprey, Mickaël Begon, Laurence Chèze
Soft tissue artefacts (STA) introduce errors in joint kinematics when using cutaneous markers, especially on the scapula. Both segmental optimisation and multibody kinematics optimisation (MKO) algorithms have been developed to improve kinematics estimates. MKO based on a chain model with joint constraints avoids apparent joint dislocation but is sensitive to the biofidelity of chosen joint constraints. Since no recommendation exists for the scapula, our objective was to determine the best models to accurately estimate its kinematics...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217425/short-term-effects-of-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-on-pain-free-range-of-motion-in-a-weightlifter-with-subacromial-pain-syndrome
#4
Joseph Paul Coviello, Rumit Singh Kakar, Timothy James Reynolds
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: While there is limited evidence supporting the use of soft tissue mobilization techniques for Subacromial Pain Syndrome (SAPS), synonymous with subacromial impingement syndrome, previous studies have reported successful outcomes using soft tissue mobilization as a treatment technique. The purpose of this case report is to document the results of Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization (IASTM) for the treatment of SAPS. CASE DESCRIPTION: Diagnosis was reached based on the subject's history, tenderness to palpation, and four out of five positive tests in the diagnostic cluster...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174479/effect-of-pain-free-range-exercise-on-shoulder-pain-and-range-of-motion-in-an-amateur-skier
#5
Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] This study prescribed pain-free range exercises for a female amateur skier who complained of limitations in her shoulder range of motion, and pain caused by protective spasms; the tester evaluated the effects of such exercise on pain. [Subject and Methods] A 23-year-old female who complained of pain of 3 weeks in duration in the right glenohumoral and scapulothoracic joints was enrolled. [Results] After pain-free range exercises, the visual analog pain score was 2 and the shoulder flexion and abduction angles improved compared to the initial values...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161491/shoulder-and-elbow-kinematics-during-the-mallet-score-in-obstetrical-brachial-plexus-palsy
#6
Olivier Herisson, Nathalie Maurel, Amadou Diop, Morgane Le Chatelier, Adeline Cambon-Binder, Franck Fitoussi
BACKGROUND: The physical signs of obstetrical brachial plexus palsy range from temporary upper-limb dysfunction to a lifelong impairment and deformity in one arm. The aim of this study was to analyze the kinematics of the upper limb and to evaluate the contribution of glenohumeral and scapulothoracic joints of obstetrical brachial plexus palsy children. METHODS: Six children participated in this study: 2 males and 4 females with a mean age of 11.7years. Three patients had a C5, C6 lesion and 3 had a C5, C6, C7 lesion...
January 15, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159680/long-term-results-of-letournel-scapulothoracic-fusion-in-facioscapulohumeral-muscular-dystrophy-a-retrospective-study-of-eight-cases
#7
M Le Hanneur, Y Saint-Cast
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term radio-clinical outcome in scapulothoracic fusion using the Letournel technique (where the fourth rib is passed through the wing of the scapula and cerclage wires are tightened to the two ribs below) for patients suffering from facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHMD), a degenerative pathology affecting scapula-stabilizing muscles, leading to scapular winging, shoulder pain and restricted shoulder abduction and flexion, despite a functional deltoid muscle...
January 31, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142347/the-effectiveness-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-in-snapping-scapula
#8
Nihat Acar, Ahmet A Karaarslan, Ahmet Karakasli
BACKGROUND: Bursitis of the snapping scapula is commonly a misdiagnosed problem. Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) has been used successfully in the treatment of many chronic inflammatory conditions. The aim of this study was to assess and compare the effectiveness of ESWT in the treatment of scapulothoracic bursitis with the outcome of corticosteroid injection. METHODS: Using the randomized controlled trials 43 patients with scapulothoracic bursitis were divided into two groups...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126419/determining-3d-scapular-orientation-with-scapula-models-and-biplane-2d-images
#9
Kristen F Nicholson, R Tyler Richardson, Freeman Miller, James G Richards
This study evaluated a strategy for identifying 3D scapulothoracic orientation using bilateral X-ray scans and 3D scapula models. Both subject-specific scapula models and a scaled general model were utilized. 3D scapulothoracic orientations obtained from X-rays were compared to motion capture data. "Subjects" consisted of a skeletal model of a human torso and ten real bone scapulae. Retroreflective markers were placed on the scapulae and a three-marker triad was placed on the trunk. Marker positions were recorded using an eight camera motion capture system...
March 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116263/delayed-presentation-of-osteochondroma-at-superior-angle-of-scapula-a-case-report
#10
Mohit Jindal
INTRODUCTION: Osteochondroma or exostosis is most common primary benign bony tumor comprising of more than one third of the total occurrences. Osteochondromas are considered as an aberration in the normal physial growth plate and originate from the metaphysis of long bone with more than third (35-46%) of cases affecting the bone around the knee (lower end femur> upper end tibia), 10% cases involve the small bones of the hand and 5% involve the pelvis and flat bones like scapula (4-6%) are least involved...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856264/glenohumeral-arthrodesis-for-recurrent-types-ii-and-iii-shoulder-instability
#11
Tanujan Thangarajah, Deborah Higgs, J Ian L Bayley, Simon M Lambert
BACKGROUND: This study reports the clinical outcome after glenohumeral arthrodesis for recurrent type II (atraumatic structural) and type III (muscle patterning nonstructural disorder) shoulder instability. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted at a single facility. Eight consecutive patients (7 women and 1 man) with recurrent shoulder instability underwent arthrodesis and were monitored for a mean of 57 months (range, 24-123 months). Mean age at the time of surgery was 47 years (range, 21-73 years)...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855670/influence-of-disruption-of-the-acromioclavicular-and-coracoclavicular-ligaments-on-glenohumeral-motion-a-kinematic-evaluation
#12
Kempland C Walley, Babak Haghpanah, Andreas Hingsammer, Ethan R Harlow, Ashkan Vaziri, Joseph P DeAngelis, Ara Nazarian, Arun J Ramappa
BACKGROUND: Changes to the integrity of the acromioclavicular (AC) joint impact scapulothoracic and clavicular kinematics. AC ligaments provide anterior-posterior stability, while the coracoclavicular (CC) ligaments provide superior-inferior stability and a restraint to scapular internal rotation. The purpose of this cadaveric study was to describe the effect of sequential AC and CC sectioning on glenohumeral (GH) kinematics during abduction (ABD) of the arm. We hypothesized that complete AC ligament insult would result in altered GH translation in the anterior-posterior plane during abduction, while subsequent sectioning of both CC ligaments would result in an increasing inferior shift in GH translation...
November 17, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833298/replantation-in-scapulothoracic-avulsion-amputation-of-the-right-upper-limb-in-a-3-year-old-child-a-preliminary-report
#13
Sanjay Mahendru, Rakesh Kumar Khazanchi, Vimalendu Brajesh, Akram Jawed, Aditya Aggarwal, Hardeep Singh, Sukhdeep Singh, S Krishnan
Replantations for major amputations of upper extremity have been widely performed. We report a unique case of successful replantation of scapulothoracic avulsion amputation in a child. In this manuscript, we discuss the various challenges faced during the procedure and chances of neural recovery.
May 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832291/mri-for-the-diagnosis-of-scapular-dyskinesis-a-report-of-two-cases
#14
Wataru Morita, Taiki Nozaki, Atsushi Tasaki
Scapular dyskinesis describes the altered position of the scapula and/or abnormal movements of the scapulothoracic joint. It is caused by bony anatomical variations, bursitis, tumors, and muscular pathological conditions including loss of innervation and fibrosis. Scapular dyskinesis is just as often subclinical as it is symptomatic, and as the periscapular anatomical changes may not result in patient symptoms, a precise diagnosis of the etiology and pathophysiology has been a challenge. Scapular bony prominence is a common etiology of scapular dyskinesis, but does not always result in morbidity...
February 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816845/are-chronic-neck-pain-scapular-dyskinesis-and-altered-scapulothoracic-muscle-activity-interrelated-a-case-control-study-with-surface-and-fine-wire-emg
#15
Birgit Castelein, Ann Cools, Thierry Parlevliet, Barbara Cagnie
OBJECTIVES: The function of the scapula is important in normal neck function and might be disturbed in patients with neck pain. The surrounding muscular system is important for the function of the scapula. To date, it is not clear if patients with idiopathic neck pain show altered activity of these scapulothoracic muscles. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate differences in deeper and superficial lying scapulothoracic muscle activity between patients with idiopathic neck pain and healthy controls during arm elevation, and to identify the influence of scapular dyskinesis on muscle activity...
December 2016: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761218/bilateral-scapulothoracic-osteochondromas-in-a-patient-with-hereditary-multiple-exostosis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Markus Rupp, Jendrik Hardes, Michael J Raschke, Adrian Skwara
Hereditary multiple exostosis (HME) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by two or more benign growing, cartilage capped tumors of long bones called osteochondromas. If abnormal growth and clinical symptoms of osteochondromas newly appear in adults, malignant transformation of the usually benign growing tumors should be suspected and diagnostic testing should be initiated. Against the background of hypothesized higher malignant transformation of osteochondromas into chondrosarcoma in individuals with shoulder exostoses, we report a case of bilateral scapulothoracic osteochondromas in a patient suffering from HME...
September 19, 2016: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751718/the-influence-of-induced-shoulder-muscle-pain-on-rotator-cuff-and-scapulothoracic-muscle-activity-during-elevation-of-the-arm
#17
Birgit Castelein, Ann Cools, Thierry Parlevliet, Barbara Cagnie
BACKGROUND: Altered recruitment of rotator cuff and scapulothoracic muscles has been identified in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome. To date, however, the cause-consequence relationship between pain and altered muscle recruitment has not been fully unraveled. METHODS: The effect of experimental shoulder pain induced by injection of hypertonic saline in the supraspinatus on the activity of the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, subscapularis, trapezius, and serratus anterior activity was investigated during the performance of an elevation task by use of muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging in 25 healthy individuals...
March 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734020/effects-of-rotator-cuff-pathology-and-physical-therapy-on-in-vivo-shoulder-motion-and-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-a-symptomatic-full-thickness-rotator-cuff-tear
#18
Timothy G Baumer, Derek Chan, Veronica Mende, Jack Dischler, Roger Zauel, Marnix van Holsbeeck, Daniel S Siegal, George Divine, Vasilios Moutzouros, Michael J Bey
BACKGROUND: Physical therapy (PT) is often prescribed for patients with rotator cuff tears. The extent to which PT influences strength, range of motion (ROM), and patient-reported outcomes has been studied extensively, but the effect of PT on in vivo joint kinematics is not well understood. PURPOSE: To assess the influence of symptomatic rotator cuff pathology and the effects of PT on shoulder motion, strength, and patient-reported outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
September 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705061/errors-in-shoulder-joint-position-sense-mainly-come-from-the-glenohumeral-joint
#19
Yin-Liang Lin, Andrew Karduna
While synchronous movement of the glenohumeral and scapulothoracic joints has been emphasized in previous kinematics studies, most investigations of shoulder joint position sense have treated the shoulder complex as a single joint. The purposes of this study were to investigate the joint position sense errors of the humerothoracic, glenohumeral, and scapulothoracic joints at different elevation angles and to examine whether the errors of the glenohumeral and scapulothoracic joints contribute to the errors of the humerothoracic joint...
February 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632848/the-effect-of-shoulder-plyometric-training-on-amortization-time-and-upper-extremity-kinematics
#20
Kathleen A Swanik, Stephen J Thomas, Aaron H Struminger, Kellie C Huxel Bliven, John D Kelly, Charles B Swanik
CONTEXT: Plyometric training is credited with providing benefits in performance and dynamic restraint. However, limited prospective data exist quantifying kinematic adaptations such as amortization time, glenohumeral rotation, and scapulothoracic position, which may underlie the efficacy of plyometric training for upper-extremity rehabilitation or performance enhancement. OBJECTIVE: To measure upper-extremity kinematics and plyometric phase times before and after an 8-wk upper-extremity strength- and plyometric-training program...
December 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
keyword
keyword
99745
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"