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Xiao-Ling Zhang, Yan Liu, Ting Fan, Ning Hu, Zhong Yang, Xi Chen, Zhen-Yu Wang, Jun Yang
A portable multichannel surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor device is presented in this study. As an optical biosensor device, the core component of its light path is a semi-cylindrical prism, which is used as the coupling unit for the excitation of the SPR phenomena. Based on this prism, a wedge-shaped incident light beam including a continuous angle range (10°) is chosen to replace the commonly-used parallel light beam in traditional SPR devices, in which the incident angle is adjusted by a sophisticated mechanical system...
June 19, 2017: Sensors
Young Bok Lee, Soolienah Rhiu, Joo Yeon Lee, Mi Young Choi, Hae Jung Paik, Key Hwan Lim, Dong Gyu Choi
We evaluated effect of horizontal rectus surgery on sub-A or sub-V pattern intermittent exotropia. We enrolled patients with sub-A or sub-V pattern intermittent exotropia. The sub-A pattern was diagnosed when the eyes diverged less than 10 prism diopters (PD) from upgaze to downgaze, and sub-V pattern when the divergence was 14 PD or less from downgaze to upgaze. Patients had undergone horizontal rectus surgery without vertical transposition of horizontal rectus muscle or oblique muscle weakening. The patients were divided into two groups: sub-A pattern (group A) and sub-V pattern (group V)...
2017: PloS One
J-Y Lee, K-A Park, I J Lyu, S Y Oh
AimsThe aims of this study were to investigate the longitudinal change in lateral rectus (LR) muscle insertion after recession surgery, and to evaluate a relationship between insertion distance and postoperative amount of deviation.MethodsWe recruited 31 patients who underwent primary LR recession surgery with normal anterior segment structures. An AS-OCT scan of the LR muscle was performed at every visit. Data on sex, age, degree of deviation (prism diopter), and spur-LR insertion distance using AS-OCT were collected at preoperatively and postoperative months 1, 3, and 6...
June 16, 2017: Eye
Minjing Li, Yuqian Gao, Wei-Jun Qian, Liang Shi, Yuanyuan Liu, William C Nelson, Carrie D Nicora, Charles T Resch, Christopher Thompson, Sen Yan, James K Fredrickson, John M Zachara, Chongxuan Liu
Microbial enzymes catalytically drive biogeochemical processes in environments. The dynamic linkage between functional enzymes and biogeochemical species transformation has, however, rarely been investigated for decades because of the challenges to directly quantify enzymes in environmental samples. The diversity of microorganisms, the low amount of available biomass, and the complexity of chemical composition in environmental samples represent the main challenges. To address the diversity challenge, we first identify several signature peptides that are conserved in the targeted enzymes with the same functionality across many phylogenetically diverse microorganisms using metagenome-based protein sequence data...
June 15, 2017: Environmental Microbiology Reports
Xiao Liu, Lu Zhai, Wen-Wei Zhang, Jin-Lin Zuo, Zhu-Xi Yang, Xiao-Ming Ren
In this study, a new two-dimensional Pb(2+)-based coordination polymer (CP), [Pb2(EBTC)(DMSO)3] (1), where H4EBTC is 1,1'-ethynebenzene 3,3',5,5'-tetracarboxylic acid, was synthesized under solvothermal conditions. Structural analysis reveals that 1 crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/m, where two crystallographically different Pb(2+) ions show a coordination geometry of bicapped trigonal prisms that are connected to a double-chain by the EBTC(4-) ligands through carboxylate groups along the b-axis direction, and where successive double chains are held together to form a 2D layer via the Pb1 and Pb2 bicapped trigonal prisms sharing one edge or a triangle face along the c-axis direction...
June 12, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
V Katsi, G Georgiopoulos, A Laina, E Koutli, J Parissis, C Tsioufis, P Nihoyannopoulos, D Tousoulis
Heart failure (HF) consists the fastest growing clinical cardiac disease. HF patients are categorized on the basis of underlying left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) into HF with preserved EF (HFpEF), reduced LVEF (HFrEF), and mid-range LVEF (HFmrEF). While LVEF is the most commonly used surrogate marker of left ventricular (LV) systolic function, the implementation of two-dimensional echocardiography in estimating this parameter imposes certain caveats on current HF classification. Most importantly, LVEF could fluctuate in repeated measurements or even recover after treatment, thus blunting the borders between proposed categories of HF and enabling upward classification of patients...
June 10, 2017: Heart Failure Reviews
Tom Schepens, Jozef J De Dooy, Walter Verbrugghe, Philippe G Jorens
BACKGROUND: The red cell distribution width (RDW) is a widely available, inexpensive, and highly reproducible test that reflects the range of the red cell sizes. Any process that releases reticulocytes in the circulation will result in an increase in RDW. Elevated RDW values are linked to worsened pulmonary function in the adult population. We performed a retrospective cohort study to describe the association between RDW and respiratory failure in critically ill children in a in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in a tertiary university hospital...
2017: Journal of Inflammation
Kelly J Brunst, Marco Sanchez Guerra, Chris Gennings, Michele Hacker, Calvin Jara, Michelle Bosquet Enlow, Robert O Wright, Andrea Baccarelli, Rosalind J Wright
Psychosocial stress contributes to placental oxidative stress. Mitochondria are vulnerable to oxidative stress which can lead to changes in mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn). We examined associations between maternal lifetime stress, current negative life events, depressive and posttraumatic stress disorder symptom scores and placental mtDNAcn in a racially/ethnically diverse sample (N = 147) from the PRogramming of Intergenerational Stress Mechanisms study (March 2011- August 2012). In linear regression analyses adjusted for maternal age, race/ethnicity, education, prenatal fine particulate matter, prenatal smoking, and child sex, all measures of stress were associated with decreased placental mtDNAcn (all P-values < 0...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
Gilgamesh Luis-Raya, Màrius Ramírez-Cardona, Gabriel Luna-Bárcenas, Martín A Hernández-Landaverde, Adair Jiménez-Nieto, Jose Luis García-Rivas, Beatriz Liliana España-Sánchez, Isaac C Sanchez
Differences on herringbone molecular arrangement in two forms of long-chain 1,ω-alkanediols (CnH2n+2O₂ with n = 10, 11, 12, 13) are explained from the analysis of O-H···O hydrogen-bond sequences in infinite chains and the role of a C-H···O intramolecular hydrogen-bond in stabilization of a gauche defect, as well as the inter-grooving effectiveness on molecular packing. GIXD (Glancing Incidence X-ray Diffraction) experiments were conducted on polycrystalline monophasic samples. Diffracted intensities were treated with the multi-axial March-Dollase method to correlate energetic and geometrical features of molecular interactions with the crystalline morphology and textural pattern of samples...
June 8, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Ozge Bayraktar, Elif Ozkirimli, Kutlu Ulgen
The sphingosine kinase 1 (SK1)/sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) signaling pathway is a crucial target for numerous human diseases from cancer to cardiovascular diseases. However, available SK1 inhibitors that target the active site suffer from poor potency, selectivity and pharmacokinetic properties. The selectivity issue of the kinases, which share a highly-conserved ATP-pocket, can be overcome by targeting the less-conserved allosteric sites. SK1 is known to function minimally as a dimer; however, the crystal structure of the SK1 dimer has not been determined...
May 29, 2017: Computational Biology and Chemistry
Kayla McGowan, Shaila M Gunn, Galina Vorobeychik, Daniel S Marigold
BACKGROUND: The ability to adapt, a form of short-term motor learning, and retain this adaptation, is essential for rehabilitation and for day-to-day living. Yet little research is available on this topic in persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS), particularly in relation to complex walking tasks. OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of PwMS to learn and retain a novel relationship between visual input and motor output-or visuomotor map-during visually guided walking...
June 1, 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
Migle Janulaitiene, Virginija Paliulyte, Svitrigaile Grinceviciene, Jolita Zakareviciene, Alma Vladisauskiene, Agne Marcinkute, Milda Pleckaityte
BACKGROUND: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is one of the leading causes of vaginal complaints among women of childbearing age. The role of Gardnerella vaginalis remains controversial due to its presence in healthy and BV-type vaginal microflora. The phenotypic and genotypic heterogeneity of G. vaginalis suggested the existence of strain variants linked with different health conditions. We sought to analyze prevalence and distribution of G. vaginalis subgroups (clades) in BV-positive (n = 29), partial BV (n = 27), and BV-negative (n = 53) vaginal samples from Lithuanian women...
June 5, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
Chris Celania, Volodymyr Smetana, Alessia Provino, Vitalij Pecharsky, Pietro Manfrinetti, Anja-Verena Mudring
A new series of intermetallic compounds R3Au9Pn (R = Y, Gd-Tm; Pn = Sb, Bi) has been discovered during the explorations of the Au-rich parts of rare-earth-containing ternary systems with p-block elements. The existence of the series is strongly restricted by both geometric and electronic factors. R3Au9Pn compounds crystallize in the hexagonal crystal system with space group P63/m (a = 8.08-8.24 Å, c = 8.98-9.08 Å). All compounds feature Au-Pn, formally anionic, networks built up by layers of alternating edge-sharing Au@Au6 and Sb@Au6 trigonal antiprisms of overall composition Au6/2Pn connected through additional Au atoms and separated by a triangular cationic substructure formed by R atoms...
June 5, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Jagrati Jain, Surendra K Jain, Larry A Walker, Babu L Tekwani
BACKGROUND: Protein ubiquitylation is an important post-translational regulation, which has been shown to be necessary for life cycle progression and survival of Plasmodium falciparum. Ubiquitin is a highly conserved 76 amino acid polypeptide, which attaches covalently to target proteins through combined action of three classes of enzymes namely, the ubiquitin-activating enzyme (E1), ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme (E2) and ubiquitin-protein ligase (E3). Ubiquitin E1 and E2 are highly conserved within eukaryotes...
June 2, 2017: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
Jong-Sung Yoon, Neil Charness, Walter R Boot, Sara J Czaja, Wendy A Rogers
Objectives: The current study investigated baseline and longitudinal relationships between memory complaints, depressive symptoms, and cognition in older adults. Method: Using the sample from the Personal Reminder Information and Social Management trial, we generated path models predicting self-rated memory complaints measured by the Memory Functioning Questionnaire (MFQ). Results: Our baseline models showed that more depressive symptoms were associated with reporting more frequent forgetting incidents and a greater decline in memory function...
June 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
R F Capellmann, J Bewerunge, F Platten, S U Egelhaaf
The interference of two crossed laser beams results in a standing wave. Such fringe patterns are exploited in different instruments such as interferometers or laser-Doppler anemometers. We create a fringe pattern in the sample plane of a microscope using a compact apparatus based on a Kösters prism. The fringe pattern is shown to be spatially and temporally very stable, covers a large area, and its spacing is easily tunable. In addition, we exploit it to impose a sinusoidal potential on colloidal particles...
May 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
M R Dietrich, K G Bailey, T P O'Connor
A method for alignment of a vector magnetometer to a rigidly attached prism is presented. This enables optical comparison of the magnetometer axes to physical surfaces in the apparatus, and thus an absolute determination of the magnetic field direction in space. This is in contrast with more common techniques, which focus on precise determination of the relative angles between magnetometer axes, and so are more suited to measuring differences in the direction of magnetic fields. Here we demonstrate precision better than 500 μrad on a fluxgate magnetometer, which also gives the coil orthogonality errors to a similar precision...
May 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
N N Edavalath, M C Günendi, R Beravat, G K L Wong, M H Frosz, J-M Ménard, P St J Russell
A hollow-core single-ring photonic crystal fiber (SR-PCF) consists of a ring of capillaries arranged around a central hollow core. Spinning the preform during drawing introduces a continuous helical twist, offering a novel means of controlling the modal properties of hollow-core SR-PCF. For example, twisting geometrically increases the effective axial propagation constant of the LP<sub>01</sub>-like modes of the capillaries, providing a means of optimizing the suppression of HOMs, which occurs when the LP<sub>11</sub>-like core mode phase-matches to the LP<sub>01</sub>-like modes of the surrounding capillaries...
June 1, 2017: Optics Letters
Fiona Young, John Drummond, Emma Akers, Louise Bartle, David Kennedy, Mohammad Asaduzzaman
Follicles are isolated from ovaries for numerous reasons, including IVM, but adult murine yields are <2 folliclesmg-1. The aim of the present study was to optimise ovarian disaggregation and develop methods applicable to the rapid screening of follicle viability. Ovaries from adult mice (n=7) were halved and disaggregated mechanically, or by using collagenase IV (Col-IV; 590UmL-1) or animal origin-free collagenase IV (AOF) at 590 or 1180UmL-1. Isolated follicles were stained with 4',6'-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI; nuclei), chloromethyl-X-rosamine (CMXRos; mitochondria) or fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated anti-α-tubulin antibody...
June 1, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
Oleh Stetsiuk, Oksana V Nesterova, Vladimir N Kokozay, Kostiantyn V Domasevitch, Iryna V Omelchenko, Oleg V Shishkin, Beata Vranovičová, Roman Boča, Armando J L Pombeiro, Svitlana R Petrusenko
The "direct synthesis" approach, namely one-pot reaction of metal powders and ammonium salt with a methanol solution of a polydentate Schiff base (H2L) formed in situ from salicylaldehyde and ethanolamine, has been successfully used for the preparation of the new heterometallic compounds [Cu3Mn(L)4(CH3OH)3]I3 (1), [Cu3Mn(L)4(CH3OH)3(H2O)]NCS·H2O (2), [Cu3Mn(L)4(CH3OH)(H2O)2.55]Br·0.45H2O (3) and [Cu3Mn(L)4(H2O)3.4]BF4·0.6H2O (4). Crystallographic analysis revealed that 1-4 are based on the tetranuclear core {CuMn(III)(μ3-O)4} where the metal centres are joined by the oxygen bridges of Schiff base ligands forming a cube-like arrangement...
June 13, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
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