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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554270/assessing-initial-validity-and-reliability-of-a-beverage-intake-questionnaire-in-hispanic-preschool-aged-children
#1
Karina R Lora, Brenda Davy, Valisa Hedrick, Ann M Ferris, Michael P Anderson, Dorothy Wakefield
BACKGROUND: Understanding the relationship between high-calorie beverage consumption and weight gain requires an accurate report of dietary intake. A critical need exists to develop and test the psychometrics of brief quantitative tools for minority pediatric populations. OBJECTIVE: To modify the adult beverage intake questionnaire (BEVQ-15) for Hispanic preschool-aged children (BEVQ-PS) and test its validity and test-retest reliability in children aged 3 to 5 years...
December 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491574/impact-of-physical-activity-and-sedentarism-on-hydration-status-and-liquid-intake-in-spanish-older-adults-the-physmed-study
#2
Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Raquel Luzardo-Socorro, Gonzalo Palacios, María Del Mar Bibiloni, Alicia Julibert, Josep Antoni Tur, Marcela González-Gross
INTRODUCTION: Data on hydration status in older adults are scarce and there are very few studies focusing on the impact of physical activity (PA) on drinking behavior. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of physical activity and sedentarism on fluid intake in Spanish elderly. METHODS: 433 non-institutionalized Spanish older adults (58% females), aged 55-88 years, volunteered for the PHYSMED study. PA data were obtained by means of the Minnesota and EXERNET questionnaires...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485957/-impact-of-physical-activity-and-sedentarism-on-hydration-status-and-liquid-intake-in-spanish-older-adults-the-physmed-study
#3
Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Raquel Luzardo-Socorro, Gonzalo Palacios, María Del Mar Bibiloni, Alicia Julibert, Josep Antoni Tur, Marcela González-Gross
INTRODUCTION: Data on hydration status in older adults are scarce and there are very few studies focusing on the impact of physical activity (PA) on drinking behavior. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of physical activity and sedentarism on fluid intake in Spanish elderly. METHODS: 433 non-institutionalized Spanish older adults (58% females), aged 55-88 years, volunteered for the PHYSMED study. PA data were obtained by means of the Minnesota and EXERNET questionnaires...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444663/-impact-of-physical-activity-and-sedentarism-on-hydration-status-and-liquid-intake-in-spanish-older-adults-the-physmed-study
#4
Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Raquel Luzardo-Socorro, Gonzalo Palacios, María Del Mar Bibiloni, Alicia Julibert, Josep Antoni Tur, Marcela González-Gross
INTRODUCTION: Data on hydration status in older adults are scarce and there are very few studies focusing on the impact of physical activity (PA) on drinking behavior. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of physical activity and sedentarism on fluid intake in Spanish elderly. METHODS: 433 non-institutionalized Spanish older adults (58% females), aged 55-88 years, volunteered for the PHYSMED study. PA data were obtained by means of the Minnesota and EXERNET questionnaires...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27339233/impact-of-diet-on-tooth-erosion
#5
Derek Richards
Data sourcesPubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Science Direct, EBSHost, Scientific Electronic Library online (SciELO).Study selectionPopulation-based cross-sectional and longitudinal studies assessing tooth erosion and diet, conducted in children and adolescents between eight and 19 years reporting on the permanent dentition were considered.Data extraction and synthesisStudies were selected independently by two reviewers and standard data items extracted. Study quality was assessed using the STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology) statement and Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale (NOS)...
June 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27113441/vitamin-d-inadequacy-is-widespread-in-tunisian-active-boys-and-is-related-to-diet-but-not-to-adiposity-or-insulin-resistance
#6
Ikram Bezrati, Mohamed Kacem Ben Fradj, Nejmeddine Ouerghi, Moncef Feki, Anis Chaouachi, Naziha Kaabachi
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D inadequacy is widespread in children and adolescents worldwide. The present study was undertaken to assess the vitamin D status in active children living in a sunny climate and to identify the main determinants of the serum concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD). METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 225 children aged 7-15 years practicing sports in a football academy. Anthropometric measures were performed to calculate body mass index (BMI), fat mass, and maturity status...
2016: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27029177/-influence-of-the-regular-intake-of-fermented-milk-products-enriched-by-micronutrients-on-some-indices-of-iron-metabolism-in-adolescents-involved-in-sports
#7
D V Turchaninov, L A Bovarskaya, I V Bogdashin, L V Bagrova, A R Gotwald, O V Kozubenko
There was performed an experimental study of the influence of regular intake offermented milk enriched by products "Bifidin" and "Prolacta" on indices of iron metabolism in adolescents of 12-17 years, involved in sports (n = 94). In all study participants there was made double blood test (every 60 days), there were determined the levels of hemoglobin, serum iron, serum ferritin, C-reactive protein. The intervention in the main group (n = 68) was in daily intake offermented milk product in a volume of 200 ml (1 Cup) in addition to the normal diet within 2 months, including 35 cases who had used the bioproduct "Bifidin" and 33 persons- bioproduct "Prolacta"...
2015: Gigiena i Sanitariia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26982296/dietary-intake-of-adolescents-compared-with-the-brazilian-food-guide-and-their-differences-according-to-anthropometric-data-and-physical-activity
#8
Carla Cristina Enes, Betzabeth Slater
OBJECTIVE: To assess the dietary intake of adolescents compared with the Brazilian Food Guide and to explore their differences according to anthropometric data and physical activity. METHODS: A total of 476 adolescents from public schools of Piracicaba, SP, Brazil participated in this study. A semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire was used to estimate food group intake of adolescents. Height, weight and waist circumference of all participants were measured...
October 2015: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26878881/water-and-beverage-consumption-among-children-aged-4-13-years-in-france-analyses-of-inca-2-%C3%A3-tude-individuelle-nationale-des-consommations-alimentaires-2006-2007-data
#9
Florent Vieux, Matthieu Maillot, Florence Constant, Adam Drewnowski
OBJECTIVE: To examine the consumption of plain water among children in France and compare total water intakes with guidelines issued by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). DESIGN: Nationally representative data were used to assess food, beverage and water consumption by sex, age group (4-8 years, 9-13 years), income-to-poverty ratio, eating occasion and location. Beverages were classified into nine groups: water (tap or bottled), milk, 100 % fruit juice, sodas, fruit drinks, hot beverages, sports drinks and flavoured waters...
September 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26702122/a-randomized-trial-to-assess-the-potential-of-different-beverages-to-affect-hydration-status-development-of-a-beverage-hydration-index
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ronald J Maughan, Phillip Watson, Philip Aa Cordery, Neil P Walsh, Samuel J Oliver, Alberto Dolci, Nidia Rodriguez-Sanchez, Stuart Dr Galloway
BACKGROUND: The identification of beverages that promote longer-term fluid retention and maintenance of fluid balance is of real clinical and practical benefit in situations in which free access to fluids is limited or when frequent breaks for urination are not desirable. The postingestion diuretic response is likely to be influenced by several beverage characteristics, including the volume ingested, energy density, electrolyte content, and the presence of diuretic agents. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of 13 different commonly consumed drinks on urine output and fluid balance when ingested in a euhydrated state, with a view to establishing a beverage hydration index (BHI), i...
March 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26693643/the-effect-of-ad-libitum-consumption-of-a-milk-based-liquid-meal-supplement-vs-a-traditional-sports-drink-on-fluid-balance-after-exercise
#11
Brenton Baguley, Jessica Zilujko, Michael D Leveritt, Ben Desbrow, Christopher Irwin
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of ad libitum intake of a milk-based liquid meal supplement against a carbohydrate-electrolyte sports drink following exercise induced fluid loss. Seven male participants (age 22.3 ± 3.4 years, height 179.3 ± 7.9 cm, body mass 74.3 ± 7.3 kg; mean ± SD) completed 4 separate trials and lost 1.89 ± 0.44% body mass through moderate intensity exercise in the laboratory. After exercise, participants consumed ad libitum over 2 h a milk-based liquid meal supplement (Sustagen Sport) on two of the trials (S1, S2) or a carbohydrate-electrolyte sports drink (Powerade) on two of the trials (P1, P2), with an additional 1 hr observational period...
August 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26645420/availability-of-vending-machines-and-school-stores-in-california-schools
#12
Nafissatou Cisse-Egbuonye, Sandy Liles, Katharine E Schmitz, Nada Kassem, Veronica L Irvin, Melbourne F Hovell
BACKGROUND: This study examined the availability of foods sold in vending machines and school stores in United States public and private schools, and associations of availability with students' food purchases and consumption. METHODS: Descriptive analyses, chi-square tests, and Spearman product-moment correlations were conducted on data collected from 521 students aged 8 to 15 years recruited from orthodontic offices in California. RESULTS: Vending machines were more common in private schools than in public schools, whereas school stores were common in both private and public schools...
January 2016: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26235579/increased-milk-protein-concentration-in-a-rehydration-drink-enhances-fluid-retention-caused-by-water-reabsorption-in-rats
#13
Kentaro Ito, Yuri Saito, Kinya Ashida, Taketo Yamaji, Hiroyuki Itoh, Munehiro Oda
A fluid-retention effect is required for beverages that are designed to prevent dehydration. That is, fluid absorbed from the intestines should not be excreted quickly; long-term retention is desirable. Here, we focused on the effect of milk protein on fluid retention, and propose a new effective oral rehydration method that can be used daily for preventing dehydration. We first evaluated the effects of different concentrations of milk protein on fluid retention by measuring the urinary volumes of rats fed fluid containing milk protein at concentrations of 1, 5, and 10%...
2015: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26178449/the-de-novo-genome-assembly-and-annotation-of-a-female-domestic-dromedary-of-north-african-origin
#14
Robert R Fitak, Elmira Mohandesan, Jukka Corander, Pamela A Burger
The single-humped dromedary (Camelus dromedarius) is the most numerous and widespread of domestic camel species and is a significant source of meat, milk, wool, transportation and sport for millions of people. Dromedaries are particularly well adapted to hot, desert conditions and harbour a variety of biological and physiological characteristics with evolutionary, economic and medical importance. To understand the genetic basis of these traits, an extensive resource of genomic variation is required. In this study, we assembled at 65× coverage, a 2...
January 2016: Molecular Ecology Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26156187/assessment-of-lifestyle-and-eating-habits-among-undergraduate-students-in-northern-italy
#15
Silvia Lupi, Francesco Bagordo, Armando Stefanati, Tiziana Grassi, Lucia Piccinni, Mauro Bergamini, Antonella De Donno
AIM AND METHODOLOGY: Dietary habits of university students were analyzed in order to investigate any differences between students living at and away from home. Two hundred and fifty-eight undergraduate students attending University of Ferrara completed a self-administered questionnaire on demographic characteristics, food frequency consumption habits and body weight perception. RESULTS: Students living at home practiced more sport and consumed more frequently raw and cooked vegetables, fish, meat and poultry, fresh fruit, eggs, bread/cereals...
2015: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26147814/how-to-proceed-in-case-of-tooth-avulsion-state-of-student-knowledge
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
I Oleszkiewicz, K Emerich
AIM: Sport-related dental injuries are a growing concern worldwide. Regardless of how minor they may appear, some of them can lead to traumas which have a negative impact on quality of life, producing psychological and social discomfort. In view of the widespread lack of knowledge with regard to first aid procedures in cases of dental trauma, we would like to report the current state of knowledge of an academy of physical education and sport students compared with medical and general university students...
June 2015: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26048645/functional-characteristics-of-milk-protein-concentrates-and-their-modification
#17
Hankie Uluko, Lu Liu, Jia-Ping Lv, Shu-Wen Zhang
A major deterrent to the usage of milk protein concentrate (MPC), a high-protein milk product with increasing demand as a food and sports drink ingredient, has been its poor functional characteristics when compared with other milk protein products such as whey protein concentrate and sodium caseinates. This review discusses the recent research on functional properties of MPC, focusing on factors that may contribute to the poor functional characteristics before, during, and after production. Current research, methods employed, and new understanding on the causes of poor solubility of MPC at mild temperatures (about 20°C) has been presented, including loss of solubility during storage as these areas have received unprecedented attention over the past decade, and also affects other useful functional properties of MPC, such as emulsifying properties, gelation, and foaming...
May 18, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25757896/supplemental-protein-in-support-of-muscle-mass-and-health-advantage-whey
#18
REVIEW
Michaela C Devries, Stuart M Phillips
Skeletal muscle is an integral body tissue playing key roles in strength, performance, physical function, and metabolic regulation. It is essential for athletes to ensure that they have optimal amounts of muscle mass to ensure peak performance in their given sport. However, the role of maintaining muscle mass during weight loss and as we age is an emerging concept, having implications in chronic disease prevention, functional capacity, and quality of life. Higher-protein diets have been shown to: (1) promote gains in muscle mass, especially when paired with resistance training; (2) spare muscle mass loss during caloric restriction; and (3) attenuate the natural loss of muscle mass that accompanies aging...
March 2015: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25748470/identifying-sex-specific-risk-factors-for-low-bone-mineral-density-in-adolescent-runners
#19
Adam Sebastian Tenforde, Michael Fredericson, Lauren Carter Sayres, Phil Cutti, Kristin Lynn Sainani
BACKGROUND: Adolescent runners may be at risk for low bone mineral density (BMD) associated with sports participation. Few prior investigations have evaluated bone health in young runners, particularly males. PURPOSE: To characterize sex-specific risk factors for low BMD in adolescent runners. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Training characteristics, fracture history, eating behaviors and attitudes, and menstrual history were measured using online questionnaires...
June 2015: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25748244/utilization-of-food-processing-by-products-as-dietary-functional-and-novel-fiber-a-review
#20
Satish Kumar Sharma, Sangita Bansal, Manisha Mangal, Anil Kumar Dixit, Ram K Gupta, A K Mangal
Fast growing food processing industry in most countries across the world, generates huge quantity of by-products, including pomace, hull, husk, pods, peel, shells, seeds, stems, stalks, bran, washings, pulp refuse, press cakes, etc., which have less use and create considerable environmental pollution. With growing interest in health promoting functional foods, the demand of natural bioactives has increased and exploration for new sources is on the way. Many of the food processing industrial by-products are rich sources of dietary, functional, and novel fibers...
July 26, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
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