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Milk and exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804727/development-of-a-prediction-model-for-stress-fracture-during-an-intensive-physical-training-program-the-royal-marines-commandos
#1
Maria T Sanchez-Santos, Trish Davey, Kirsten M Leyland, Adrian J Allsopp, Susan A Lanham-New, Andrew Judge, Nigel K Arden, Joanne L Fallowfield
BACKGROUND: Stress fractures (SFs) are one of the more severe overuse injuries in military training, and therefore, knowledge of potential risk factors is needed to assist in developing mitigating strategies. PURPOSE: To develop a prediction model for risk of SF in Royal Marines (RM) recruits during an arduous military training program. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: RM recruits (N = 1082; age range, 16-33 years) who enrolled between September 2009 and July 2010 were prospectively followed through the 32-week RM training program...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794439/maternal-low-intensity-physical-exercise-prevents-obesity-in-offspring-rats-exposed-to-early-overnutrition
#2
Tatiane Aparecida Ribeiro, Laize Peron Tófolo, Isabela Peixoto Martins, Audrei Pavanello, Júlio Cezar de Oliveira, Kelly Valério Prates, Rosiane Aparecida Miranda, Claudinéia Conationi da Silva Franco, Rodrigo Mello Gomes, Flávio Andrade Francisco, Vander Silva Alves, Douglas Lopes de Almeida, Veridiana Mota Moreira, Kesia Palma-Rigo, Elaine Vieira, Gabriel Sergio Fabricio, Marcos Ricardo da Silva Rodrigues, Wilson Rinaldi, Ananda Malta, Paulo Cezar de Freitas Mathias
Low intensity exercise during pregnancy and lactation may create a protective effect against the development of obesity in offspring exposed to overnutrition in early life. To test these hypotheses, pregnant rats were randomly assigned into 2 groups: Sedentary and Exercised, low intensity, on a rodent treadmill at 30% VO2Max /30-minute/session/3x/week throughout pregnancy and the lactation. Male offspring were raised in small litters (SL, 3 pups/dam) and normal litters (NL, 9 pups/dam) as models of early overnutrition and normal feed, respectively...
August 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790929/combined-interval-training-and-post-exercise-nutrition-in-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-control-trial
#3
Monique E Francois, Cody Durrer, Kevin J Pistawka, Frank A Halperin, Courtney Chang, Jonathan P Little
Background: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) can improve several aspects of cardiometabolic health. Previous studies have suggested that adaptations to exercise training can be augmented with post-exercise milk or protein consumption, but whether this nutritional strategy can impact the cardiometabolic adaptations to HIIT in type 2 diabetes is unknown. Objective: To determine if the addition of a post-exercise milk or protein beverage to a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) intervention improves cardiometabolic health in individuals with type 2 diabetes...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757311/impacts-of-maternal-diet-and-exercise-on-offspring-behavior-and-body-weights
#4
Virginia C Moser, Katherine L McDaniel, Emily A Woolard, Pamela M Phillips, Jason N Franklin, Christopher J Gordon
Human and animal studies indicate that maternal obesity can negatively impact aspects of metabolism and neurodevelopment in the offspring. Not known, however, is whether maternal exercise can alter these adverse outcomes. In this study, Long-Evans female rats were provided a high fat (60%; HFD) or control diet (CD) 44days before mating and throughout gestation and lactation. Running wheels were available to half of each diet group during the gestational period only, resulting in four conditions: CD diet with (CDRW) or without (sedentary; CDSED) exercise, and HFD with (HFRW) or without (HFSED) exercise...
July 27, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745470/effects-of-taurine-on-markers-of-muscle-damage-inflammatory-response-and-physical-performance-in-triathletes
#5
Bryan S Martinez Galan, Flavia Giolo de Carvalho, Priscila Carvalho Santos, Ronaldo Bucken Gobbi, Carlos Kalva-Filho, Marcelo Papoti, Adelino Sanchez Silva, Ellen C Freitas
BACKGROUND: The practice of prolonged exercise with high intensity, as seen in triathlon training, can cause physiological imbalances that might result in muscle fatigue, muscle damage and changes in systemic inflammatory response, thus reduce the athletes physical performance, therefore, both adequate total caloric and macronutrient intake also the use of a specific ergogenic aid, as taurine supplementation would be an alternative to prevent inflammation and muscle damage. In order to verify the effects of 8 weeks of taurine and chocolate milk supplementation, markers of muscle damage, inflammation, and aerobic capacity were quantified in triathletes...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744030/the-effects-of-milk-intake-and-whole-body-vibration-exercise-on-bone-mineral-density-in-elderly-women-in-nursing-homes
#6
So Min Lee, Sungchul Kim, Chae-Gil Lim
[Purpose] This study was designed to investigate the effects of lactose-free milk intake and whole-body vibration exercises on bone density in elderly female nursing home residents who had difficulty exercising outdoors and had not consumed milk. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty seven elderly women aged 70 or older from 3 nursing homes located in Incheon, Korea participated in the study. The experimental group (n=13) carried out whole-body vibration exercises and drank lactose-free milk, while the control group (n=14) continued to live their ordinary nursing home lives...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729214/milk-fat-globule-membrane-supplementation-with-voluntary-running-exercise-attenuates-age-related-motor-dysfunction-by-suppressing-neuromuscular-junction-abnormalities-in-mice
#7
Michiko Yano, Yoshihiko Minegishi, Satoshi Sugita, Noriyasu Ota
Age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and function attenuates physical performance, and maintaining fine muscle innervation is known to play an important role in its prevention. We had previously shown that consumption of milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) with habitual exercise improves the muscle mass and motor function in humans and mice. Improvement of neuromuscular junction (NMJ) was suggested as one of the mechanisms underlying these effects. In this study, we evaluated the effect of MFGM intake combined with voluntary running (MFGM-VR) on morphological changes of NMJ and motor function in aging mice...
July 18, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711254/effect-of-maternal-exercise-on-calf-dry-matter-intake-weight-gain-behavior-and-cortisol-concentrations-at-disbudding-and-weaning
#8
R A Black, B K Whitlock, P D Krawczel
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of maternal physical activity during late gestation on calf dry matter intake, weight gain, behavior, and cortisol concentration during disbudding and weaning. Fifty-five Holstein and 5 Jersey × Holstein crossbred calves were enrolled into the study during gestation. Calves were born from pregnant, nonlactating Holstein (n = 58) and Jersey × Holstein crossbred (n = 2) dairy cows. Cows were assigned to either confinement (n = 20 cows; 13 female calves, 7 male calves), exercise (n = 20 cows; 8 female calves, 12 male calves), or pasture (n = 20 cows; 11 female calves, 9 male calves) treatments at dry-off from January to November 2015...
September 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683016/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-using-a-progressive-muscle-relaxation-technique-on-the-self-efficacy-of-breastfeeding-in-mothers-with-preterm-infants
#9
Soheila Karbandi, Seyedeh Maryam Hosseini, Seyedeh Asieh Hosseini, Farshad Sadeghi, Maryam Hesari, Reza Masoudi
BACKGROUND: Breast milk is a God-given gift that conveys a mother's love and compassion and that is made according to the needs and age of the child. Mothers who are interested in the welfare of their newborns tend to breastfeed their children. Training programs have been shown to improve breastfeeding self-efficacy in terms of both duration and amount. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of using the progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) technique on the self-efficacy of breastfeeding in mothers with preterm infants...
August 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653967/exercise-associated-hyponatremia-in-a-lactating-female
#10
Zach Bailowitz, Raymond Grams, David Teeple, Tamara Hew-Butler
A 37-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with severe headache, which quickly progressed to altered mental status and seizure activity in hospital. Her initial serum sodium concentration ([Na]) was 126 mmol/L. In the 24 hours before admission, she exercised vigorously for 120 minutes (interval training plus yoga) and also consumed more than 4 liters of fluid during that time to both stay hydrated and facilitate milk production because she was actively nursing 2 children. Her serum [Na] and altered mental status corrected slowly over the next 48 hours with furosemide, hypertonic saline, and fluid restriction...
July 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648847/study-on-the-change-and-acculturation-of-dietary-pattern-of-southeast-asian-workers-living-in-south-korea
#11
Eun Jung Lee, Kyung-Ran Lee, Seung-Joo Lee
This study analyzed the dietary pattern of Southeast Asian workers (Vietnamese, Thais, Cambodians and Myanmar) living in South Korea in order to recognize the dietary changes after they moved to South Korea. Questionnaires were completed by 251 Southeast Asian workers living in South Korea. Using a self-administered questionnaire, we assessed the diets before and after living in the hometown and in South Korea. Significant changes observed in the Southeast Asian workers were decreased in consumption frequency of fresh fruits, cooked vegetables, rice noodles, green tea and glutinous rice, and increase in consumption of Kimchi, seaweed, milk, coffee and pizza...
October 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630576/no-effect-of-a-whey-growth-factor-extract-during-resistance-training-on-strength-body-composition-or-hypertrophic-gene-expression-in-resistance-trained-young-men
#12
Michael J Dale, Alison M Coates, Peter R C Howe, Grant R Tomkinson, Matthew T Haren, Andrew Brown, Marissa Caldow, David Cameron-Smith, Jonathan D Buckley
Growth factors can be isolated from bovine milk to form a whey growth factor extract (WGFE). This study examined whether WGFE promoted activation of the AKT/mTOR pathway enabling increased lean tissue mass and strength in resistance trained men. Forty six men with >6 months of resistance training (RT) experience performed 12 weeks of RT. Participants consumed 20 g/day of whey protein and were randomised to receive either 1.6 g WGFE/day (WGFE; n = 22) or 1.6 g cellulose/day (control, CONT; n = 24). The primary outcome was leg press one-repetition maximum (LP1-RM) which was assessed at baseline, 6 and 12 weeks...
June 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617735/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-using-a-progressive-muscle-relaxation-technique-on-the-self-efficacy-of-breastfeeding-in-mothers-with-preterm-infants
#13
Soheila Karbandi, Seyedeh Maryam Hosseini, Seyedeh Asieh Hosseini, Farshad Sadeghi, Maryam Hesari, Reza Masoudi
BACKGROUND: Breast milk is a God-given gift that conveys a mother's love and compassion and that is made according to the needs and age of the child. Mothers who are interested in the welfare of their newborns tend to breastfeed their children. Training programs have been shown to improve breastfeeding self-efficacy in terms of both duration and amount. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of using the progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) technique on the self-efficacy of breastfeeding in mothers with preterm infants...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604135/adding-soy-protein-to-milk-enhances-the-effect-of-resistance-training-on-muscle-strength-in-postmenopausal-women
#14
Fábio L Orsatti, Nailza Maestá, Erick P de Oliveira, Jorge Nahas Neto, Roberto C Burini, Paulo R P Nunes, Aletéia P Souza, Fernanda M Martins, Eliana P Nahas
Resistance training (RT) and high-quality protein ingestion improves muscle mass (MM) and strength (MS). However, no study has evaluated the effect of ingesting milk plus soy protein (SOY) on MM and MS in postmenopausal women (PW). Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of adding SOY to milk on MM and MS after 16 weeks of RT. Thirty-two PW were randomized and allocated into two groups: placebo and RT (PL+RT, n = 16) and SOY and RT (SOY+RT, n = 16). The SOY+RT received 25 g of SOY while the PL+RT received 25 g of maltodextrin (placebo)...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603468/minimal-dose-of-milk-protein-concentrate-to-enhance-the-anabolic-signalling-response-to-a-single-bout-of-resistance-exercise-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Cameron J Mitchell, Nina Zeng, Randall F D'Souza, Sarah M Mitchell, Kirsten Aasen, Aaron C Fanning, Sally D Poppitt, David Cameron-Smith
BACKGROUND: Resistance training is a potent stimulus to induce muscle hypertrophy. Supplemental protein intake is known to enhance gains in muscle mass through activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) pathway, which initiates protein translation. While the optimal dose of high quality protein to promote post exercise anabolism in young or older men has been investigated, little is known about the minimum doses of protein required to potentiate the resistance exercise activation of anabolic signalling in middle aged men...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597475/program-considerations-for-integration-of-nutrition-and-family-planning-beliefs-around-maternal-diet-and-breastfeeding-within-the-context-of-the-nutrition-transition-in-egypt
#16
Justine A Kavle, Sohair Mehanna, Ghada Khan, Mohamed Hassan, Gulsen Saleh, Cyril Engmann
In Egypt, rising maternal overweight and obesity is consistent with the transition to westernized diets and a growing reliance on energy-dense, low nutrient foods. Although the first 1,000 days of life are the focus of many programmes designed to prevent many forms of malnutrition, little attention has been paid to maternal dietary practices and weight gain during pregnancy. This study used in-depth interviews with pregnant women (N = 40), lactating women (N = 40), and nonlactating women (N = 40) to gain an understanding of behaviours, perceptions, and cultural beliefs in relation to maternal dietary intake during pregnancy, lactation, and nonlactation; weight gain during pregnancy; birth spacing; and family planning...
June 8, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555251/post-resistance-exercise-ingestion-of-milk-protein-attenuates-plasma-tnf%C3%AE-and-tnfr1-expression-on-monocyte-subpopulations
#17
Adam J Wells, Adam R Jajtner, Alyssa N Varanoske, David D Church, Adam M Gonzalez, Jeremy R Townsend, Carleigh H Boone, Kayla M Baker, Kyle S Beyer, Gerald T Mangine, Leonardo P Oliveira, David H Fukuda, Jeffrey R Stout, Jay R Hoffman
Attenuating TNFα/TNFr1 signaling in monocytes has been proposed as a means of mitigating inflammation. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a milk protein supplement on TNFα and monocyte TNFr1 expression. Ten resistance-trained men (24.7 ± 3.4 years; 90.1 ± 11.3 kg; 176.0 ± 4.9 cm) ingested supplement (SUPP) or placebo (PL) immediately post-exercise in a randomized, cross-over design. Blood samples were obtained at baseline (BL), immediately (IP), 30-min (30P), 1-h (1H), 2-h (2H), and 5-h (5H) post-exercise to assess plasma concentrations of myoglobin; tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα); and expression of tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFr1) on classical, intermediate, and non-classical monocytes...
May 29, 2017: Amino Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527105/association-between-lumbar-bone-mineral-density-and-serum-uric-acid-in-postmenopausal-women-a-cross-sectional-study-of-healthy-chinese-population
#18
Wen Han, Xiaojuan Bai, Nan Wang, Lulu Han, Xuefeng Sun, Xiangmei Chen
Partial correlation and regression analyses were used in this study. We showed that there is a linear relationship between bone mineral density and serum uric acid within the normal physiologic range, and higher serum uric acid levels had a protective effect on bone loss in postmenopausal osteoporosis. PURPOSE: The significance of the relationship between lumbar bone mineral density (()BMD) and serum uric acid (SUA) levels is unclear. The aims of this study were to investigate on a population-level the association between lumbar BMD and SUA within the normal physiologic range and to determine whether SUA plays a protective role in bone loss in healthy postmenopausal Chinese women...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520754/effects-of-milk-product-intake-on-thigh-muscle-strength-and-nfkb-gene-methylation-during-home-based-interval-walking-training-in-older-women-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#19
Shizue Masuki, Kensei Nishida, Shigenari Hashimoto, Mayuko Morikawa, Satoshi Takasugi, Masashi Nagata, Shun'ichiro Taniguchi, Kazuhito Rokutan, Hiroshi Nose
BACKGROUND: Muscle atrophy with aging is closely associated with chronic systemic inflammation and lifestyle-related diseases. In the present study, we assessed whether post-exercise milk product intake during 5-month interval walking training (IWT) enhanced the increase in thigh muscle strength and ameliorated susceptibility to inflammation in older women. METHODS: Subjects [n = 37, 66±5 (standard deviation) yrs] who had been performing IWT for >6 months participated in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515836/college-students-knowledge-of-recovery-beverage-serving-sizes
#20
Stephanie Lewis, Victoria Baxter, Kim Spaccarotella, Walter Andzel
Previous research suggests that chocolate milk may be a beneficial recovery beverage, yet little is known about how athletes and students training for careers in sports science or health-related fields interpret recommended recovery beverage serving sizes. This study examined college students' ability to correctly apply serving size recommendations for chocolate milk and protein powder used during post-exercise recovery and assessed usual consumption of milk as a recovery beverage. College students (34 women, 39 men) poured the amount of chocolate milk they would consume within 90 minutes after exercise unaided and with the use of a serving size guide...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
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