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Milk and exercise

Valerio Sanguigni, Melania Manco, Roberto Sorge, Lucio Gnessi, Davide Francomano
OBJECTIVE: The formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) contributes to the pathogenesis and progression of several diseases. Polyphenols have been shown to be beneficial against ROS. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a natural antioxidant ice cream on oxidative stress, vascular function, and physical performance. METHODS: In this controlled, single-blind, crossover study, 14 healthy individuals were randomized to consume 100 g of either antioxidant ice cream containing dark cocoa powder and hazelnut and green tea extracts or milk chocolate ice cream (control ice cream)...
July 26, 2016: Nutrition
María Del Pilar Milke-García
Adulthood starts after youth and is characterized by the completion of growth and the achievement of organic and psychological maturity. Obesity and other preventable diseases related to lifestyle are common at this age. A complete, balanced and sufficient diet, together with exercise are important in order to prevent and treat these diseases. Several studies have brought about the mechanisms by which the incorporation of milk and dairy products to diet is beneficial in order to prevent and treat these diseases...
September 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
So Yeon Lee, Kangmo Ahn, Jihyun Kim, Gwang Cheon Jang, Taek Ki Min, Hyeon Jong Yang, Bok Yang Pyun, Ji Won Kwon, Myung Hyun Sohn, Kyung Won Kim, Kyu Earn Kim, Jinho Yu, Soo Jong Hong, Jung Hyun Kwon, Sung Won Kim, Tae Won Song, Woo Kyung Kim, Hyung Young Kim, You Hoon Jeon, Yong Ju Lee, Hae Ran Lee, Hye Young Kim, Youngmin Ahn, Hye Yung Yum, Dong In Suh, Hyun Hee Kim, Jin Tack Kim, Jeong Hee Kim, Yong Mean Park, Sooyoung Lee
PURPOSE: Although anaphylaxis is recognized as an important, life-threatening condition, data are limited regarding its triggers in different age groups. We aimed to identify anaphylaxis triggers by age in Korean children. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of medical records for children diagnosed with anaphylaxis between 2009 and 2013 in 23 secondary or tertiary hospitals in South Korea. RESULTS: A total of 991 cases (mean age=5...
November 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Mi-Kyeong Choi, Mi-Hyun Kim
Accumulated data suggests a positive effect of silicon on bone health; however, limited research exists on the silicon content of foods. To further the understanding of the relationship between dietary silicon intake and bone health, a food composition database of commonly consumed foods in Korea is required. For quantitative data on the intake levels of silicon, we analyzed the silicon content of 365 food items commonly consumed in Korea using inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry following microwave-assisted digestion...
August 15, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Sayed Mohammad Ali Soroushzadeh, Ali Khiveh, Valiollah Gerayelimalek
BACKGROUND: In order to define appropriate plans for respiratory infectious diseases, in accordance with Iranian traditional medicine, one should cover the topic of "havae vabai". "Havae vabai" is related to the epidemics of respiratory infectious diseases. METHODS: This study is a review of the role of Iranian traditional medicine in the prevention of respiratory infectious diseases .Resources of traditional medicine with the keyword "havae vabai" were reviewed in Noor digital library...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Suzanne Seery, Philip Jakeman
Appropriate rehydration and nutrient intake in recovery is a key component of exercise performance. This study investigated whether the recovery of body net fluid balance (NFB) following exercise and thermal dehydration to -2 % of body mass (BM) was enhanced by a metered rate of ingestion of milk (M) compared with a carbohydrate-electrolyte solution (CE) or water (W). In randomised order, seven active men (aged 26·2 (sd 6·1) years) undertook exercise and thermal dehydration to -2 % of BM on three occasions...
September 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Nitin Shivappa, James R Hebert, Maryam Behrooz, Bahram Rashidkhani
BACKGROUND: Diet and inflammation have been suggested to be important risk factors for multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVES: In this study, we examined the ability of the dietary inflammatory index (DII) to predict MS in a case-control study conducted in Iran. METHODS: This study included 68 MS cases and 140 controls hospitalized for acute non-neoplastic diseases. The DII was computed based on dietary intake assessed by a previously validated food frequency questionnaire...
2016: Neuroepidemiology
Juan F Ortega, Felix Morales-Palomo, Valentin Fernandez-Elias, Nassim Hamouti, Francisco J Bernardo, Rosa C Martin-Doimeadios, Rachael K Nelson, Jeffrey F Horowitz, Ricardo Mora-Rodriguez
OBJECTIVE: We studied the effects of exercise training alone or combined with dietary supplementation of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (Ω-3PUFA) and oleate on metabolic syndrome (MSyn) components and other markers of cardiometabolic health. METHODS: Thirty-six patients with MSyn underwent 24 weeks of high-intensity interval training. In a double-blind randomized design, half of the group ingested 500 mL/day of semi-skim milk (8 g of fat; placebo milk) whereas the other half ingested 500 mL/day of skim milk enriched with 275 mg of Ω-3PUFA and 7...
August 2016: Obesity
Michael J Ormsbee, Katherine A Gorman, Elizabeth A Miller, Daniel A Baur, Lisa A Eckel, Robert J Contreras, Lynn B Panton, Maria T Spicer
The timing of morning endurance competition may limit proper pre-race fueling and resulting performance. A nighttime, pre-sleep nutritional strategy could be an alternative method to target the metabolic and hydrating needs of the early morning athlete without compromising sleep or gastrointestinal comfort during exercise. Therefore, the purpose of this investigation was to examine the acute effects of pre-sleep chocolate milk (CM) ingestion on next-morning running performance, metabolism, and hydration status...
July 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Sanna Lignell, Anna Winkvist, Fredrik Bertz, Kathleen M Rasmussen, Anders Glynn, Marie Aune, Hilde Kristin Brekke
Many persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are banned because they accumulate in organisms and are toxic. Lipophilic POPs are stored in maternal adipose tissue and concentrations in human milk (HM) may increase during weight loss. Our aim was to examine associations between weight loss and concentrations of chlorinated POPs in HM in lactating women participating in a weight loss study. We analysed POPs (PCB 28, PCB 153, HCB, DDE) in HM at 12 and 24 weeks postpartum from 32 women who participated in a randomized, 2 × 2 factorial trial of diet and exercise for postpartum weight loss...
September 2016: Chemosphere
Atsushi Kanda, Kyosuke Nakayama, Chiaki Sanbongi, Masashi Nagata, Shuji Ikegami, Hiroyuki Itoh
Whey protein (WP) is characterized as a "fast" protein and caseinate (CA) as a "slow" protein according to their digestion and absorption rates. We hypothesized that co-ingestion of milk proteins (WP and CA) may be effective for prolonging the muscle protein synthesis response compared to either protein alone. We therefore compared the effect of ingesting milk protein (MP) to either WP or CA alone on muscle protein synthesis after exercise in rats. We also compared the effects of these milk-derived proteins to a control, soy protein (SP)...
2016: Nutrients
L Solano, H W Barkema, S Mason, E A Pajor, S J LeBlanc, K Orsel
The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to determine the prevalence and distribution of foot lesions and associated cow- and herd-level risk factors in dairy cows in Alberta, Canada. Foot lesion data were recorded electronically by 7 hoof trimmers on 28,607 cows in 156 dairy farms from June 2009 to November 2012. Foot lesion prevalence estimates differed between farms that had the whole herd trimmed at once (≥80% of lactating cows were trimmed; n=69 farms and 8,020 cows) and farms on which part of the herd was trimmed (selection of cows was determined by farmer and <80% of lactating cows were trimmed; n=87 and 20,587 cows)...
August 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Kaori Endoh, Kiyonori Kuriki, Nobuhiko Kasezawa, Kazushige Tohyama, Toshinao Goda
BACKGROUND: Modifying lifestyle factors such as diet and exercise can reduce the risk of cancer. Psychological stress (PS) might be indirectly associated with cancer because it alters lifestyle factors. However, the relationship among these variables has not been fully investigated. Thus, we examined interactions between self-reported PS (SRPS) and habitual exercise on diet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all, 5,587 men and 2,718 women were divided into "exerciser" and "non-exerciser" groups, based on whether they exercised regularly, and classified into three SRPS levels: low, moderate and high...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Reynold Spector
At present, the guideline approach to the medical treatment and prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) is to classify patients by risk and treat the known risk factors (contributory causes), e.g., hypertension, diabetes, obesity, smoking, and poor diet, as appropriate. All high-risk patients should receive statins. This approach has had substantial success but ASCVD still remains the number one cause of death in the United States. Until recently, the underlying cause of ASCVD remained unknown, although a potential dietary cause was suggested by the fact that vegetarians, especially vegans, have a much lower incidence of ASCVD than animal flesh eaters...
July 2016: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Sonay Baltacı Goktas, Manuk Manukyan, Deniz Selimen
The aim of this study is to determine the factors affecting the formation of the gallstone types of cholesterol and pigment stones. This descriptive and retrospective study comprised 164 patients who underwent cholecystectomy. Research data were obtained using a data collection form with 34 questions developed by the researchers based on the relevant literature. Statistical analysis of the data was made on SPSS 15.0 software using the percentage assessment method and chi-square test. Advanced statistical analysis of the data was performed using multivariate logistic regression...
February 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
Nannan Jiang, Jia Yin, Liping Wen, Hong Li
PURPOSE: Comprehensive evaluation of anaphylaxis in China is currently lacking. In this study, we characterized the clinical profiles, anaphylactic triggers, and emergency treatment in pediatric and adult patients. METHODS: Outpatients diagnosed with "anaphylaxis" or "severe allergic reactions" in the Department of Allergy, Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 1, 2000 to June 30, 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: A total of 1,952 episodes of anaphylaxis in 907 patients were analyzed (78% were adults and 22% were children)...
July 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Alexandra B Morshed, Sally M Davis, Patricia C Keane, Orrin B Myers, Shiraz I Mishra
BACKGROUND: The Child Health Initiative for Lifelong Eating and Exercise is a multicomponent obesity-prevention intervention, which was evaluated among Head Start (HS) centers in American Indian and predominantly Hispanic communities in rural New Mexico. This study examines the intervention's foodservice outcomes: fruits, vegetables, whole grains, discretionary fats, added sugars, and fat from milk served in meals and snacks. METHODS: Sixteen HS centers were randomized to intervention/comparison groups, following stratification by ethnicity and preintervention median body mass index of enrolled children...
June 2016: Journal of School Health
Anna Winkvist, Bodil Hultén, Jeong-Lim Kim, Ingegerd Johansson, Kjell Torén, Jonas Brisman, Heléne Bertéus Forslund
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity among adolescents are increasing worldwide. Risk factors include dietary intake characteristics and high levels of physical inactivity. In Sweden, few large comprehensive population-based surveys of dietary intake and lifestyle among adolescents have been carried out. Thus, the purpose of the current study was to describe dietary intake and food choices as well as leisure time activities in relation to overweight and obesity in a total sample of all schoolchildren aged 15 years in Western Sweden...
2016: Nutrition Journal
James R Rowe, Kyle D Biggerstaff, Vic Ben-Ezra, David Nichols, Nancy DiMarco
This study examined the effect of prior exercise on postprandial lipemia (PPL) concentration following a mixed meal (MM) made with either glucose or fructose. Sedentary women completed four trials in random order: 1) Rest-Fructose: RF, 2) Rest-Glucose: RG, 3) Exercise-Fructose: EF, 4) Exercise-Glucose: EG. Exercise expended 500 kcal while walking at 70%VO2max. Rest was 60 minutes of sitting. The morning after each trial, a fasting (12 hours) blood sample was collected followed by consumption of the MM. The MM was blended with whole milk and ice cream plus a glucose or fructose powder...
April 20, 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Tao Xu, Yan Luo, Shuting Hu, Ling Hou, Jianguo Niu, Guanghua Li
Vasoreactivity is the most basic and direct indicator to reflect the artery vascular functional state in the body. The majority of previous studies have shown that a high-fat diet (HD) is often associated with a variety of cardiovascular diseases. However, the type of exercise that improves vasoreactivity, as is induced by a HD, remains to be elucidated. In the present study, the effects of aerobic moderate-intensity intermittent exercise through swimming were investigated on thoracic aorta vascular ring contraction and free radical metabolism using Sprague-Dawley rat models of common diet (CD; 23 g protein, 49 g carbohydrate, 4 g fat, 5 g fiber, 7 g bone meal and 6 g vitamins per 100 g), HD (peanuts, milk chocolate and sweet biscuits, in a weight ratio of 3:2:2:1), CD with intermittent exercise (CIE) and HD with intermittent exercise (HIE)...
April 2016: Biomedical Reports
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