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Milk and exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470691/even-effect-of-milk-protein-and-carbohydrate-intake-but-no-further-effect-of-heavy-resistance-exercise-on-myofibrillar-protein-synthesis-in-older-men
#1
Søren Reitelseder, Kasper Dideriksen, Jakob Agergaard, Nikolaj M Malmgaard-Clausen, Rasmus L Bechshoeft, Rasmus K Petersen, Anja Serena, Ulla R Mikkelsen, Lars Holm
PURPOSE: The responsiveness of older individuals' skeletal muscle to anabolic strategies may be impaired. However, direct comparisons within the same experimental setting are sparse. The aim of this study was to assess the resting and post-resistance exercise muscle protein synthesis rates in response to two types of milk protein and carbohydrate using a unilateral exercise leg model. METHODS: Twenty-seven older (69 ± 1 year, mean ± SE) men were randomly assigned one of three groups: Whey hydrolysate (WH), caseinate (CAS), or carbohydrate (CHO)...
February 22, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462969/milk-an-effective-recovery-drink-for-female-athletes
#2
Paula Rankin, Adrian Landy, Emma Stevenson, Emma Cockburn
Milk has become a popular post-exercise recovery drink. Yet the evidence for its use in this regard comes from a limited number of investigations utilising very specific exercise protocols, and mostly with male participants. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of post-exercise milk consumption on recovery from a sprinting and jumping protocol in female team-sport athletes. Eighteen females participated in an independent-groups design. Upon completion of the protocol participants consumed 500 mL of milk (MILK) or 500 mL of an energy-matched carbohydrate (CHO) drink...
February 17, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398318/association-of-weight-control-behaviors-with-body-mass-index-in-korean-adolescents-a-quantile-regression-approach
#3
Sun-Mi Chae, Mi Ja Kim, Chang Gi Park, Ji-Young Yeo, Ji-Hye Hwang, Insook Kwon, Soo-Yeon Han
PURPOSE: Adolescents are interested in weight control but likely practice unhealthy weight control behaviors. This study aimed to examine weight control behaviors associated with body mass index (BMI) in Korean adolescents. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this descriptive cross-sectional study of 16- to 19-year-old adolescents (97 girls and 90 boys), analyses were conducted of physical activity, sedentary behaviors, dietary behaviors, and self-efficacy for physical activity and diet...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391380/protein-enriched-milk-based-supplement-to-counteract-sarcopenia-in-acutely-ill-geriatric-patients-offered-resistance-exercise-training-during-and-after-hospitalisation-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-double-blind-multicentre-trial
#4
Josephine Gade, Anne Marie Beck, Christian Bitz, Britt Christensen, Tobias Wirenfeldt Klausen, Anders Vinther, Arne Astrup
INTRODUCTION: Age-related loss of muscle mass and strength, sarcopaenia, burdens many older adults. The process is accelerated with bed rest, protein intakes below requirements and the catabolic effect of certain illnesses. Thus, acutely ill, hospitalised older adults are particularly vulnerable. Protein supplementation can preserve muscle mass and/or strength and, combining this with resistance exercise training (RT), may have additional benefits. Therefore, this study investigates the effect of protein supplementation as an addition to offering RT among older adults while admitted to the geriatric ward and after discharge...
February 1, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384116/anaphylaxis-in-a-food-allergy-outpatient-department-one-year-review
#5
R A Fernandes, F Regateiro, C Pereira, E Faria, J Pita, A Todo-Bom, I Carrapatoso
Background. Anaphylaxis is an acute, potentially fatal, multi-organ allergic reac-tion. Our aim was to characterize the population with food induced anaphylaxis followed over a one-year period. Methods. Retrospective analysis of clinical files of patients with food anaphylaxis observed in our food allergy consultation during 2016. Results. Sixty-two patients were included. In the pediatric group, the implicated allergens were cow's milk, egg and fish and in the adults' group, the commonest allergens were nuts and wheat...
November 30, 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380851/effects-of-milk-proteins-supplementation-in-older-adults-undergoing-resistance-training-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-control-trials
#6
K Hidayat, G-C Chen, Y Wang, Z Zhang, X Dai, I M Y Szeto, L-Q Qin
BACKGROUND: Older adults experience age-related physiological changes that affect body weight and body composition. In general, nutrition and exercise have been identified as potent stimulators of protein synthesis in skeletal muscle. Milk proteins are excellent sources of all the essential amino acids and may represent an ideal protein source to promote muscle anabolism in older adults undergoing resistance training. However, several randomized control trials (RCTs) have yielded mixed results on the effects of milk proteins supplementation in combination with resistance training on body weight and composition...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350021/bodybuilding-protein-supplements-and-cow-s-milk-allergy-in-adult
#7
M J C S Sousa, A L Reis Ferreira, J P Moreira da Silva
We report a case of a previously healthy 24-year-old man with a 3-month history of gastrointestinal symptoms during exercise and also few minutes after the ingestion of cow's milk (CM) without exercise. He reported the ingestion of a blend of hydrolyzed whey and casein proteins for bodybuilding for the last 2 years. The in vivo tests showed positivity to CM, α-lactalbumin, β-lactoglobulin and casein extracts, and also to the protein supplement. The serum specific IgE was positive for CM, β-lactoglobulin and α-lactalbumin...
January 2018: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341364/food-dependent-exercise-induced-anaphylaxis-in-japanese-elementary-school-children
#8
Tetsuharu Manabe, Norihiro Oku, Yukoh Aihara
BACKGROUND: In 2012, we clarified that the prevalence of food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) was 0.018% among junior-high students in Yokohama, Japan. Furthermore, although different from FDEIA, one student who had completed oral immunotherapy developed anaphylaxis during exercise after eating causative food. However, there have been few large-scale epidemiological studies of FDEIA in elementary school children, so we conducted the epidemiological study among elementary school children in Yokohama to clarify the frequency and characteristic of FDEIA...
January 17, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338154/characteristics-etiology-and-treatment-of-pediatric-and-adult-anaphylaxis-in-iran
#9
Mohammad Nabavi, Mehrnoosh Lavavpour, Saba Arshi, Mohammad Hasan Bemanian, Hossein Esmaeilzadeh, Rasool Molatefi, Mahsa Rekabi, Javad Ahmadian, Narges Eslami, Sima Shokri, Kian Darabi, Gholam Reza Sedighi, Morteza Fallahpour
Despite the increasing prevalence of anaphylaxis, there is little information about the characteristics and practice of healthcare providers in treating anaphylaxis, so this study was conducted to record the characteristics and therapeutic approaches of anaphylaxis from May 2012 until April 2015, the data of all patients diagnosed with anaphylaxis in the Allergy department of three referral university hospitals in Tehran, Iran were recorded. Thereafter, the demographics, clinical features, triggers and therapeutic approach were evaluated...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310579/gene-trait-matching-across-the-bifidobacterium-longum-pan-genome-reveals-considerable-diversity-in-carbohydrate-catabolism-among-human-infant-strains
#10
Silvia Arboleya, Francesca Bottacini, Mary O'Connell-Motherway, C Anthony Ryan, R Paul Ross, Douwe van Sinderen, Catherine Stanton
BACKGROUND: Bifidobacterium longum is a common member of the human gut microbiota and is frequently present at high numbers in the gut microbiota of humans throughout life, thus indicative of a close symbiotic host-microbe relationship. Different mechanisms may be responsible for the high competitiveness of this taxon in its human host to allow stable establishment in the complex and dynamic intestinal microbiota environment. The objective of this study was to assess the genetic and metabolic diversity in a set of 20 B...
January 8, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297260/light-rhythmic-exercise-with-dietary-milk-fat-globule-membrane-improves-physical-fitness-in-an-elderly-japanese-population-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#11
Yasuko Yoshinaka, Satoko Soga, Noriyasu Ota, Keiichi Yokoyama, Yosuke Yamada, Misaka Kimura
This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of home-based, light gymnastic exercise plus dietary milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) intake on physical fitness of an elderly Japanese sample in a pilot, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Seventy-one subjects (male, n = 13; female, n = 58) were randomly assigned into two groups: placebo (n = 35 [male, n = 6; female, n = 29]) and MFGM group (n = 36 [male, n = 7; female, n = 29]). The intervention was eight weeks. Subjects ingested either MFGM (1 g/day) or placebo tablets daily and engaged in an exercise program daily...
January 3, 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294589/-influence-of-diet-and-behavior-related-factors-on-the-peripheral-blood-triglyceride-levels-in-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
M B Liang, H Wang, J Zhang, Q F He, L Fang, L X Wang, D T Su, M Zhao, X W Zhang, R Y Hu, L M Cong, G G Ding, Z Ye, M Yu
Objective: To study the influence of diet and behavior related factors on the peripheral blood triglyceride levels in adults, through a cross-sectional survey. Methods: The current study included 13 434 subjects without histories of major chronic diseases from a population-based cross-sectional survey: the 2010 Metabolic Syndrome Survey in Zhejiang Province. A generalized linear model was used to investigate the influence of diet/behavior-related factors on the peripheral blood triglyceride levels. Results: Mean TG of the sample population appeared as (1...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260401/the-impact-of-post-resistance-exercise-protein-consumption-on-subsequent-appetite-and-daily-energy-intake-of-sarcopenic-older-men-a-pilot-study
#13
Mathieu Maltais, Morgane Du Bois-Dit-Bonclaude, Taha Amamou, Eléonor Riesco, Isabelle J Dionne
BACKGROUND: Because of its satiating effect, it has been widely purported that a high-protein beverage may reduce subsequent appetite and food intake in healthy aged individuals, therefore annihilating any supplemental effect. AIMS: The goal of the study was to examine the impact of a post-exercise protein supplement from dairy products in the hours following resistance exercise on subsequent energy intake, sensation of hunger, appetite and satiety in sarcopenic older men...
December 19, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238429/the-effect-of-ongoing-vitamin-d-and-low-fat-milk-intake-on-bone-metabolism-in-female-high-school-endurance-runners
#14
Aoi Ikedo, Takuma Arimitsu, Toshiyuki Kurihara, Kumiko Ebi, Satoshi Fujita
Background: Vitamin D and calcium are essential nutrients for bone health. In addition, vitamin D suppresses inflammatory cytokines and increases bone resorption. Therefore, improvements in bone health by calcium and vitamin D supplementation have the potential to not only improve calcium metabolism but also suppress inflammation associated with exercise training. The purpose of this study was to determine whether ongoing vitamin D supplementation and low-fat milk intake by female high-school endurance runners would improve bone metabolism by suppressing inflammatory cytokines and the parathyroid hormone (PTH)...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228605/a-case-control-study-on-risk-factors-of-breast-cancer-in-han-chinese-women
#15
Li-Yuan Liu, Fei Wang, Shu-De Cui, Fu-Guo Tian, Zhi-Min Fan, Cui-Zhi Geng, Xu-Chen Cao, Zhen-Lin Yang, Xiang Wang, Hong Liang, Shu Wang, Hong-Chuan Jiang, Xue-Ning Duan, Hai-Bo Wang, Guo-Lou Li, Qi-Tang Wang, Jian-Guo Zhang, Feng Jin, Jin-Hai Tang, Liang Li, Shi-Guang Zhu, Wen-Shu Zuo, Li-Xiang Yu, Yu-Juan Xiang, Fei Zhou, Liang Li, Qiang Zhang, Qin-Ye Fu, Zhong-Bing Ma, De-Zong Gao, Yu-Yang Li, Lu Liu, Chun-Miao Ye, Yong-Jiu Wang, Wen-Zhong Zhou, Zhi-Gang Yu
This study aimed to investigate risk factors associated with breast cancer among Han Chinese women in northern and eastern China. A matched case-control study involving 1489 patients with breast cancer and 1489 controls was conducted across 21 hospitals in 11 provinces in China, from April 2012 to April 2013. We developed a structured questionnaire to record information from face-to-face interviews with participants. Student's t-tests, Pearson's chi-square tests, and univariate and multivariate conditional logistic regression analyses were used to identify variables with significant differences between the case and control groups...
November 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211694/prevention-of-bladder-cancer-incidence-and-recurrence-nutrition-and-lifestyle
#16
Christian D Fankhauser, Hugh Mostafid
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the influence of nutrition and lifestyle on bladder cancer incidence and recurrence and summarize food items, diets and lifestyle practices that physicians may wish to prioritize for discussion with their patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent study results suggest an association between bladder cancer incidence and several food items including meat, fruit, vegetables, milk products and oil. Micronutrient deficiency is associated with bladder cancer risk; however, it remains unclear if micronutrient supplementation can modify bladder cancer incidence...
January 2018: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200982/native-whey-protein-with-high-levels-of-leucine-results-in-similar-post-exercise-muscular-anabolic-responses-as-regular-whey-protein-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Håvard Hamarsland, Anne Lene Nordengen, Sigve Nyvik Aas, Kristin Holte, Ina Garthe, Gøran Paulsen, Matthew Cotter, Elisabet Børsheim, Haakon B Benestad, Truls Raastad
Background: Protein intake is essential to maximally stimulate muscle protein synthesis, and the amino acid leucine seems to possess a superior effect on muscle protein synthesis compared to other amino acids. Native whey has higher leucine content and thus a potentially greater anabolic effect on muscle than regular whey (WPC-80). This study compared the acute anabolic effects of ingesting 2 × 20 g of native whey protein, WPC-80 or milk protein after a resistance exercise session...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198993/cardiovascular-benefits-of-combined-interval-training-and-post-exercise-nutrition-in-type-2-diabetes
#18
Monique E Francois, Kevin J Pistawka, Frank A Halperin, Jonathan P Little
AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine whether the combination of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and post-exercise protein supplementation would improve cardiovascular outcomes in individuals with T2D. METHODS: In a double-blind controlled trial, fifty-three adults with T2D (free of CVD and not on exogenous insulin) were randomized to 12weeks of cardio and resistance-based HIIT (4-10×1min at 90% maximal heart rate) with post-exercise milk, milk-protein, or placebo supplementation, thrice weekly...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188900/effects-of-aerobic-and-resistance-training-combined-with-fortified-milk-on-muscle-mass-muscle-strength-and-physical-performance-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Y Osuka, S Fujita, N Kitano, K Kosaki, J Seol, Y Sawano, H Shi, Y Fujii, S Maeda, T Okura, H Kobayashi, K Tanaka
OBJECTIVES: Fortified milk and resistance training (RT) increase muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance in older adults, but it remains unclear whether RT combined with aerobic training (AT) would have stronger effects on these outcomes. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of aerobic and resistance training (ART) combined with fortified milk consumption on muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance in older adults. DESIGN: Open-labeled randomized controlled trial...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153173/a-100-year-review-lactating-dairy-cattle-housing-management
#20
J M Bewley, L M Robertson, E A Eckelkamp
Since the mid-1800s, farmers have been housing livestock. What began as a part-time solution for cold winters, stormy days, or injured animals has evolved into the main or only area in which cows spend their adult lives. With this change, farmers, academic researchers, and industry innovators have shaped the farm landscape, literally. Over the last 100 years, changes have been made for productivity, health, milk quality, reproduction, animal well-being, and farm profitability. We review a snapshot of those changes and look ahead to the future of lactating dairy cattle housing...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
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