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Milk and exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644961/high-intensity-exercise-induced-intestinal-damage-is-protected-by-fermented-milk-supplemented-with-whey-protein-probiotic-and-pomegranate-punica-granatum-l
#1
Fernanda M Chaves, Igor L Baptista, Fernando M Simabuco, Paula G F Quaresma, Fabiola L Pena, Rosangela M N Bezerra, Jose R Pauli, Diogo T da Cunha, Patricia L Campos-Ferraz, Adriane E C Antunes
Here we evaluated the effect of fermented milk supplemented with whey protein (approximately 80 % protein), probiotic (Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis BB12) and pomegranate juice (Punica granatum L.) on the physical performance, intestinal motility and villi structure, inflammatory markers and intestinal microbiota of rats under high-intensity acute exercise. In all, twenty-four Wistar rats were separated into groups: control (Ctrl), supplemented (Supp), exercised (Exe) and exercised and supplemented (Exe+Supp)...
April 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621527/transmammary-transfer-of-toxicity-to-nursing-kids-from-isocoma-pluriflora-rayless-goldenrod-dosed-to-lactating-goats
#2
James A Pfister, Bryan L Stegelmeier, Stephen T Lee, T Zane Davis, Ben T Green
Rayless goldenrod (RG; Isocoma pluriflora) poisons livestock in the southwestern U.S., west Texas, and northern Mexico. The putative toxin(s) have historically been thought to be benzofuran ketones. Goats have been used successfully as a model of RG poisoning. The transmammary transfer of toxicity to offspring from lactating goats has not been studied, thus the objective of this study was to determine if nursing kids would become poisoned via mother's milk when the dams were dosed with RG. Twelve lactating goats (6 controls and 6 treated; all with twin kids) were dosed via oral gavage with alfalfa or rayless goldenrod at 2% of BW per day for 14 days...
April 2, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601268/influence-of-a-concurrent-exercise-training-program-during-pregnancy-on-colostrum-and-mature-human-milk-inflammatory-markers-findings-from-the-gestafit-project
#3
Virginia A Aparicio, Olga Ocón, Javier Diaz-Castro, Pedro Acosta-Manzano, Irene Coll-Risco, Milkana Borges-Cósic, Lidia Romero-Gallardo, Jorge Moreno-Fernández, Julio J Ochoa-Herrera
BACKGROUND: Although exercise reduces systemic inflammation, information regarding its influence on human milk is scarce or inexistent. Research Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of an exercise intervention during pregnancy on colostrum and mature human milk inflammatory markers. METHODS: The authors conducted a pseudorandomized controlled trial. The exercise group followed a concurrent aerobic and strength training, three 60-minutes sessions per week, from the 17th gestational week until delivery...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579632/maternal-exercise-increases-but-concurrent-maternal-fluoxetine-prevents-the-increase-in-hippocampal-neurogenesis-of-adult-offspring
#4
Aarthi R Gobinath, Sarah Wong, Carmen Chow, Stephanie E Lieblich, Alasdair M Barr, Liisa A M Galea
Treating postpartum depression (PPD) with pharmacological antidepressants like fluoxetine (FLX) is complicated because these drugs can remain active in breast milk and potentially affect infant development. Alternatively, non-pharmacological treatments such as exercise are associated with beneficial effects on infant development but its potential ability to counter the effects of PPD are largely unknown. To investigate this, we treated dams with corticosterone (CORT) or vehicle (sesame oil) from postpartum days 2-25 to model PPD...
May 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574525/the-putative-leucine-sensor-sestrin2-is-hyperphosphorylated-by-acute-resistance-exercise-but-not-protein-ingestion-in-human-skeletal-muscle
#5
Nina Zeng, Randall F D'Souza, Brie Sorrenson, Troy L Merry, Matthew P G Barnett, Cameron J Mitchell, David Cameron-Smith
PURPOSE: Dietary protein and resistance exercise (RE) are both potent stimuli of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1). Sestrins1, 2, 3 are multifunctional proteins that regulate mTORC1, stimulate autophagy and alleviate oxidative stress. Of this family, Sestrin2 is a putative leucine sensor implicated in mTORC1 and AMP-dependent protein kinase (AMPK) regulation. There is currently no data examining the responsiveness of Sestrin2 to dietary protein ingestion, with or without RE...
March 24, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529146/protein-leucine-content-is-a-determinant-of-shorter-and-longer-term-muscle-protein-synthetic-responses-at-rest-and-following-resistance-exercise-in-healthy-older-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Michaela C Devries, Christopher McGlory, Douglas R Bolster, Alison Kamil, Maike Rahn, Laura Harkness, Steven K Baker, Stuart M Phillips
Background: Older women may not be consuming enough protein to maintain muscle mass. Augmentation of protein intake with leucine may enhance the muscle protein synthetic response in older women to aid in maintaining muscle mass. Objective: We measured the acute (hourly) and integrated (daily) myofibrillar protein synthesis (myoPS) response to consumption of a high-quality mixed protein beverage compared with an isonitrogenous protein beverage with added leucine...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524782/treatment-with-medium-chain-fatty-acids-milk-of-cd36-deficient-preschool-children
#7
Hironori Nagasaka, Ken-Ichi Hirano, Tohru Yorifuji, Haruki Komatsu, Tomonozumi Takatani, Ichiro Morioka, Satoshi Hirayama, Takashi Miida
OBJECTIVE: CD36 deficiency is characterized by limited cellular long chain fatty acid uptake in the skeletal and cardiac muscles and often causes energy crisis in these muscles. However, suitable treatment for CD36 deficiency remains to be established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and metabolic effects of medium chain triacylglycerols (MCTs) in two CD36-deficient preschool children who often developed fasting hypoglycemia and exercise-induced myalgia. METHODS: Fasting blood glucose, total ketone bodies, and free fatty acids were examined and compared for usual supper diets and for diets with replacement of one component with 2 g/kg of 9% MCT-containing milk (MCT milk)...
November 29, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470691/even-effect-of-milk-protein-and-carbohydrate-intake-but-no-further-effect-of-heavy-resistance-exercise-on-myofibrillar-protein-synthesis-in-older-men
#8
Søren Reitelseder, Kasper Dideriksen, Jakob Agergaard, Nikolaj M Malmgaard-Clausen, Rasmus L Bechshoeft, Rasmus K Petersen, Anja Serena, Ulla R Mikkelsen, Lars Holm
PURPOSE: The responsiveness of older individuals' skeletal muscle to anabolic strategies may be impaired. However, direct comparisons within the same experimental setting are sparse. The aim of this study was to assess the resting and post-resistance exercise muscle protein synthesis rates in response to two types of milk protein and carbohydrate using a unilateral exercise leg model. METHODS: Twenty-seven older (69 ± 1 year, mean ± SE) men were randomly assigned one of three groups: Whey hydrolysate (WH), caseinate (CAS), or carbohydrate (CHO)...
February 22, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462969/milk-an-effective-recovery-drink-for-female-athletes
#9
Paula Rankin, Adrian Landy, Emma Stevenson, Emma Cockburn
Milk has become a popular post-exercise recovery drink. Yet the evidence for its use in this regard comes from a limited number of investigations utilising very specific exercise protocols, and mostly with male participants. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of post-exercise milk consumption on recovery from a sprinting and jumping protocol in female team-sport athletes. Eighteen females participated in an independent-groups design. Upon completion of the protocol participants consumed 500 mL of milk (MILK) or 500 mL of an energy-matched carbohydrate (CHO) drink...
February 17, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398318/association-of-weight-control-behaviors-with-body-mass-index-in-korean-adolescents-a-quantile-regression-approach
#10
Sun-Mi Chae, Mi Ja Kim, Chang Gi Park, Ji-Young Yeo, Ji-Hye Hwang, Insook Kwon, Soo-Yeon Han
PURPOSE: Adolescents are interested in weight control but likely practice unhealthy weight control behaviors. This study aimed to examine weight control behaviors associated with body mass index (BMI) in Korean adolescents. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this descriptive cross-sectional study of 16- to 19-year-old adolescents (97 girls and 90 boys), analyses were conducted of physical activity, sedentary behaviors, dietary behaviors, and self-efficacy for physical activity and diet...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391380/protein-enriched-milk-based-supplement-to-counteract-sarcopenia-in-acutely-ill-geriatric-patients-offered-resistance-exercise-training-during-and-after-hospitalisation-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-double-blind-multicentre-trial
#11
Josephine Gade, Anne Marie Beck, Christian Bitz, Britt Christensen, Tobias Wirenfeldt Klausen, Anders Vinther, Arne Astrup
INTRODUCTION: Age-related loss of muscle mass and strength, sarcopaenia, burdens many older adults. The process is accelerated with bed rest, protein intakes below requirements and the catabolic effect of certain illnesses. Thus, acutely ill, hospitalised older adults are particularly vulnerable. Protein supplementation can preserve muscle mass and/or strength and, combining this with resistance exercise training (RT), may have additional benefits. Therefore, this study investigates the effect of protein supplementation as an addition to offering RT among older adults while admitted to the geriatric ward and after discharge...
February 1, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384116/anaphylaxis-in-a-food-allergy-outpatient-department-one-year-review
#12
R A Fernandes, F Regateiro, C Pereira, E Faria, J Pita, A Todo-Bom, I Carrapatoso
Background. Anaphylaxis is an acute, potentially fatal, multi-organ allergic reac-tion. Our aim was to characterize the population with food induced anaphylaxis followed over a one-year period. Methods. Retrospective analysis of clinical files of patients with food anaphylaxis observed in our food allergy consultation during 2016. Results. Sixty-two patients were included. In the pediatric group, the implicated allergens were cow's milk, egg and fish and in the adults' group, the commonest allergens were nuts and wheat...
March 2018: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380851/effects-of-milk-proteins-supplementation-in-older-adults-undergoing-resistance-training-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-control-trials
#13
K Hidayat, G-C Chen, Y Wang, Z Zhang, X Dai, I M Y Szeto, L-Q Qin
BACKGROUND: Older adults experience age-related physiological changes that affect body weight and body composition. In general, nutrition and exercise have been identified as potent stimulators of protein synthesis in skeletal muscle. Milk proteins are excellent sources of all the essential amino acids and may represent an ideal protein source to promote muscle anabolism in older adults undergoing resistance training. However, several randomized control trials (RCTs) have yielded mixed results on the effects of milk proteins supplementation in combination with resistance training on body weight and composition...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350021/bodybuilding-protein-supplements-and-cow-s-milk-allergy-in-adult
#14
M J C S Sousa, A L Reis Ferreira, J P Moreira da Silva
We report a case of a previously healthy 24-year-old man with a 3-month history of gastrointestinal symptoms during exercise and also few minutes after the ingestion of cow's milk (CM) without exercise. He reported the ingestion of a blend of hydrolyzed whey and casein proteins for bodybuilding for the last 2 years. The in vivo tests showed positivity to CM, α-lactalbumin, β-lactoglobulin and casein extracts, and also to the protein supplement. The serum specific IgE was positive for CM, β-lactoglobulin and α-lactalbumin...
January 2018: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341364/food-dependent-exercise-induced-anaphylaxis-in-japanese-elementary-school-children
#15
Tetsuharu Manabe, Norihiro Oku, Yukoh Aihara
BACKGROUND: In 2012, we clarified that the prevalence of food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) was 0.018% among junior-high students in Yokohama, Japan. Furthermore, although different from FDEIA, one student who had completed oral immunotherapy developed anaphylaxis during exercise after eating causative food. However, there have been few large-scale epidemiological studies of FDEIA in elementary school children, so we conducted the epidemiological study among elementary school children in Yokohama to clarify the frequency and characteristic of FDEIA...
January 17, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338154/characteristics-etiology-and-treatment-of-pediatric-and-adult-anaphylaxis-in-iran
#16
Mohammad Nabavi, Mehrnoosh Lavavpour, Saba Arshi, Mohammad Hasan Bemanian, Hossein Esmaeilzadeh, Rasool Molatefi, Mahsa Rekabi, Javad Ahmadian, Narges Eslami, Sima Shokri, Kian Darabi, Gholam Reza Sedighi, Morteza Fallahpour
Despite the increasing prevalence of anaphylaxis, there is little information about the characteristics and practice of healthcare providers in treating anaphylaxis, so this study was conducted to record the characteristics and therapeutic approaches of anaphylaxis from May 2012 until April 2015, the data of all patients diagnosed with anaphylaxis in the Allergy department of three referral university hospitals in Tehran, Iran were recorded. Thereafter, the demographics, clinical features, triggers and therapeutic approach were evaluated...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310579/gene-trait-matching-across-the-bifidobacterium-longum-pan-genome-reveals-considerable-diversity-in-carbohydrate-catabolism-among-human-infant-strains
#17
Silvia Arboleya, Francesca Bottacini, Mary O'Connell-Motherway, C Anthony Ryan, R Paul Ross, Douwe van Sinderen, Catherine Stanton
BACKGROUND: Bifidobacterium longum is a common member of the human gut microbiota and is frequently present at high numbers in the gut microbiota of humans throughout life, thus indicative of a close symbiotic host-microbe relationship. Different mechanisms may be responsible for the high competitiveness of this taxon in its human host to allow stable establishment in the complex and dynamic intestinal microbiota environment. The objective of this study was to assess the genetic and metabolic diversity in a set of 20 B...
January 8, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297260/light-rhythmic-exercise-with-dietary-milk-fat-globule-membrane-improves-physical-fitness-in-an-elderly-japanese-population-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#18
Yasuko Yoshinaka, Satoko Soga, Noriyasu Ota, Keiichi Yokoyama, Yosuke Yamada, Misaka Kimura
This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of home-based, light gymnastic exercise plus dietary milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) intake on physical fitness of an elderly Japanese sample in a pilot, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Seventy-one subjects (male, n = 13; female, n = 58) were randomly assigned into two groups: placebo (n = 35 [male, n = 6; female, n = 29]) and MFGM group (n = 36 [male, n = 7; female, n = 29]). The intervention was eight weeks. Subjects ingested either MFGM (1 g/day) or placebo tablets daily and engaged in an exercise program daily...
April 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294589/-influence-of-diet-and-behavior-related-factors-on-the-peripheral-blood-triglyceride-levels-in-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
M B Liang, H Wang, J Zhang, Q F He, L Fang, L X Wang, D T Su, M Zhao, X W Zhang, R Y Hu, L M Cong, G G Ding, Z Ye, M Yu
Objective: To study the influence of diet and behavior related factors on the peripheral blood triglyceride levels in adults, through a cross-sectional survey. Methods: The current study included 13 434 subjects without histories of major chronic diseases from a population-based cross-sectional survey: the 2010 Metabolic Syndrome Survey in Zhejiang Province. A generalized linear model was used to investigate the influence of diet/behavior-related factors on the peripheral blood triglyceride levels. Results: Mean TG of the sample population appeared as (1...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260401/the-impact-of-post-resistance-exercise-protein-consumption-on-subsequent-appetite-and-daily-energy-intake-of-sarcopenic-older-men-a-pilot-study
#20
Mathieu Maltais, Morgane Du Bois-Dit-Bonclaude, Taha Amamou, Eléonor Riesco, Isabelle J Dionne
BACKGROUND: Because of its satiating effect, it has been widely purported that a high-protein beverage may reduce subsequent appetite and food intake in healthy aged individuals, therefore annihilating any supplemental effect. AIMS: The goal of the study was to examine the impact of a post-exercise protein supplement from dairy products in the hours following resistance exercise on subsequent energy intake, sensation of hunger, appetite and satiety in sarcopenic older men...
December 19, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
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