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Milk and exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104353/fluid-energy-and-nutrient-recovery-via-ad-libitum-intake-of-different-fluids-and-food
#1
Nadia Campagnolo, Elizaveta Iudakhina, Christopher Irwin, Matthew Schubert, Gregory R Cox, Michael Leveritt, Ben Desbrow
INTRODUCTION: This study compared the effects of ad libitum consumption of different beverages and foods on fluid retention and nutrient intake following exercise. METHODS: Ten endurance trained males (mean±SD; Age=25.3±4.9years, VO2max=63.0±7.2ml·kg·min(-1)) performed four trials employing a counterbalanced, crossover design. Following 60min of exercise (matched for energy expenditure and fluid loss) participants consumed either water (W1 and W2), a sports drink (Powerade® (P)) or a milk-based liquid meal supplement (Sustagen Sport® (SS)) over a four hour recovery period...
January 16, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057921/no-modifying-effect-of-education-level-on-the-association-between-lifestyle-behaviors-and-cardiovascular-mortality-the-japan-collaborative-cohort-study
#2
Eri Eguchi, Hiroyasu Iso, Kaori Honjo, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Akiko Tamakoshi
We examined the effect of education level on the association between healthy lifestyle behaviors and cardiovascular mortality in the Japanese population. A total of 42,647 community-based men and women aged 40-79 years were enrolled at baseline (1988-1990), followed through 2009. The components of the healthy lifestyle score included the intake of fruits, fish, and milk; body mass index; exercise; avoidance of smoking; moderate alcohol intake; and moderate sleep duration. During the 19.3 years of follow-up, 8,314 all-cause and 2,377 total cardiovascular mortality cases were noted...
January 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049867/elephant-s-breast-milk-contains-large-amounts-of-glucosamine
#3
Zenta Takatsu, Muneya Tsuda, Akio Yamada, Hiroshi Matsumoto, Akira Takai, Yasuhiro Takeda, Mitsunori Takase
Hand-reared elephant calves that are nursed with milk substitutes sometimes suffer bone fractures, probably due to problems associated with nutrition, exercise, sunshine levels and/or genetic factors. As we were expecting the birth of an Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), we analyzed elephant's breast milk to improve the milk substitutes for elephant calves. Although there were few nutritional differences between conventional substitutes and elephant's breast milk, we found a large unknown peak in the breast milk during high-performance liquid chromatography-based amino acid analysis and determined that it was glucosamine (GlcN) using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003538/whey-protein-supplementation-and-higher-total-protein-intake-do-not-influence-bone-quantity-in-overweight-and-obese-adults-following-a-36-wk-exercise-and-diet-intervention
#4
Christian S Wright, Aoibheann M McMorrow, Eileen M Weinheimer-Haus, Wayne W Campbell
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists concerning the effects of higher total protein intake (TPro) on bone health, which may be associated with reduced bone mineral density (BMD). However, whey protein (WP) may induce bone formation because of its basic component, milk basic protein. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the effects of WP supplementation, TPro, and change in TPro (postsupplementation - presupplementation) on BMD and bone mineral content (BMC; total body, lumbar spine, total femur, and femoral neck) in overweight and class I obese middle-aged adults following an exercise intervention...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973615/soluble-milk-protein-supplementation-with-moderate-physical-activity-improves-locomotion-function-in-aging-rats
#5
Aude Lafoux, Charlotte Baudry, Cécile Bonhomme, Pascale Le Ruyet, Corinne Huchet
Aging is associated with a loss of muscle mass and functional capacity. Present study was designed to compare the impact of specific dairy proteins on muscular function with or without a low-intensity physical activity program on a treadmill in an aged rat model. We investigated the effects of nutritional supplementation, five days a week over a 2-month period with a slow digestible protein, casein or fast digestible proteins, whey or soluble milk protein, on strength and locomotor parameters in sedentary or active aged Wistar RjHan rats (17-19 months of age)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829485/the-impact-of-doubling-dairy-or-plant-based-foods-on-consumption-of-nutrients-of-concern-and-proper-bone-health-for-adolescent-females
#6
Elieke Demmer, Christopher J Cifelli, Jenny A Houchins, Victor L Fulgoni
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of increasing plant-based foods v. dairy foods on energy and nutrients of concern in adolescent females via diet modelling exercises. DESIGN: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used to compare nutrient intakes from usual diet with those from three dietary scenarios that increased current intakes by 100 % of the following: (i) plant-based foods; (ii) protein-rich plant-based foods; and (iii) milk, cheese and yoghurt...
November 10, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658659/natural-antioxidant-ice-cream-acutely-reduces-oxidative-stress-and-improves-vascular-function-and-physical-performance-in-healthy-individuals
#7
Valerio Sanguigni, Melania Manco, Roberto Sorge, Lucio Gnessi, Davide Francomano
OBJECTIVE: The formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) contributes to the pathogenesis and progression of several diseases. Polyphenols have been shown to be beneficial against ROS. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a natural antioxidant ice cream on oxidative stress, vascular function, and physical performance. METHODS: In this controlled, single-blind, crossover study, 14 healthy individuals were randomized to consume 100 g of either antioxidant ice cream containing dark cocoa powder and hazelnut and green tea extracts or milk chocolate ice cream (control ice cream)...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603885/-adult
#8
María Del Pilar Milke-García
Adulthood starts after youth and is characterized by the completion of growth and the achievement of organic and psychological maturity. Obesity and other preventable diseases related to lifestyle are common at this age. A complete, balanced and sufficient diet, together with exercise are important in order to prevent and treat these diseases. Several studies have brought about the mechanisms by which the incorporation of milk and dairy products to diet is beneficial in order to prevent and treat these diseases...
September 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582405/a-multicenter-retrospective-case-study-of-anaphylaxis-triggers-by-age-in-korean-children
#9
So Yeon Lee, Kangmo Ahn, Jihyun Kim, Gwang Cheon Jang, Taek Ki Min, Hyeon Jong Yang, Bok Yang Pyun, Ji Won Kwon, Myung Hyun Sohn, Kyung Won Kim, Kyu Earn Kim, Jinho Yu, Soo Jong Hong, Jung Hyun Kwon, Sung Won Kim, Tae Won Song, Woo Kyung Kim, Hyung Young Kim, You Hoon Jeon, Yong Ju Lee, Hae Ran Lee, Hye Young Kim, Youngmin Ahn, Hye Yung Yum, Dong In Suh, Hyun Hee Kim, Jin Tack Kim, Jeong Hee Kim, Yong Mean Park, Sooyoung Lee
PURPOSE: Although anaphylaxis is recognized as an important, life-threatening condition, data are limited regarding its triggers in different age groups. We aimed to identify anaphylaxis triggers by age in Korean children. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of medical records for children diagnosed with anaphylaxis between 2009 and 2013 in 23 secondary or tertiary hospitals in South Korea. RESULTS: A total of 991 cases (mean age=5...
November 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525412/dietary-silicon-intake-of-korean-young-adult-males-and-its-relation-to-their-bone-status
#10
Mi-Kyeong Choi, Mi-Hyun Kim
Accumulated data suggests a positive effect of silicon on bone health; however, limited research exists on the silicon content of foods. To further the understanding of the relationship between dietary silicon intake and bone health, a food composition database of commonly consumed foods in Korea is required. For quantitative data on the intake levels of silicon, we analyzed the silicon content of 365 food items commonly consumed in Korea using inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry following microwave-assisted digestion...
August 15, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516687/role-of-iranian-traditional-medicine-in-the-prevention-of-respiratory-infectious-diseases
#11
Sayed Mohammad Ali Soroushzadeh, Ali Khiveh, Valiollah Gerayelimalek
BACKGROUND: In order to define appropriate plans for respiratory infectious diseases, in accordance with Iranian traditional medicine, one should cover the topic of "havae vabai". "Havae vabai" is related to the epidemics of respiratory infectious diseases. METHODS: This study is a review of the role of Iranian traditional medicine in the prevention of respiratory infectious diseases .Resources of traditional medicine with the keyword "havae vabai" were reviewed in Noor digital library...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477047/a-metered-intake-of-milk-following-exercise-and-thermal-dehydration-restores-whole-body-net-fluid-balance-better-than-a-carbohydrate-electrolyte-solution-or-water-in-healthy-young-men
#12
Suzanne Seery, Philip Jakeman
Appropriate rehydration and nutrient intake in recovery is a key component of exercise performance. This study investigated whether the recovery of body net fluid balance (NFB) following exercise and thermal dehydration to -2 % of body mass (BM) was enhanced by a metered rate of ingestion of milk (M) compared with a carbohydrate-electrolyte solution (CE) or water (W). In randomised order, seven active men (aged 26·2 (sd 6·1) years) undertook exercise and thermal dehydration to -2 % of BM on three occasions...
September 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27362443/dietary-inflammatory-index-and-risk-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-a-case-control-study-from-iran
#13
Nitin Shivappa, James R Hebert, Maryam Behrooz, Bahram Rashidkhani
BACKGROUND: Diet and inflammation have been suggested to be important risk factors for multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVES: In this study, we examined the ability of the dietary inflammatory index (DII) to predict MS in a case-control study conducted in Iran. METHODS: This study included 68 MS cases and 140 controls hospitalized for acute non-neoplastic diseases. The DII was computed based on dietary intake assessed by a previously validated food frequency questionnaire...
2016: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356240/dietary-supplementation-with-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-oleate-enhances-exercise-training-effects-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#14
Juan F Ortega, Felix Morales-Palomo, Valentin Fernandez-Elias, Nassim Hamouti, Francisco J Bernardo, Rosa C Martin-Doimeadios, Rachael K Nelson, Jeffrey F Horowitz, Ricardo Mora-Rodriguez
OBJECTIVE: We studied the effects of exercise training alone or combined with dietary supplementation of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (Ω-3PUFA) and oleate on metabolic syndrome (MSyn) components and other markers of cardiometabolic health. METHODS: Thirty-six patients with MSyn underwent 24 weeks of high-intensity interval training. In a double-blind randomized design, half of the group ingested 500 mL/day of semi-skim milk (8 g of fat; placebo milk) whereas the other half ingested 500 mL/day of skim milk enriched with 275 mg of Ω-3PUFA and 7...
August 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27329516/nighttime-feeding-likely-alters-morning-metabolism-but-not-exercise-performance-in-female-athletes
#15
Michael J Ormsbee, Katherine A Gorman, Elizabeth A Miller, Daniel A Baur, Lisa A Eckel, Robert J Contreras, Lynn B Panton, Maria T Spicer
The timing of morning endurance competition may limit proper pre-race fueling and resulting performance. A nighttime, pre-sleep nutritional strategy could be an alternative method to target the metabolic and hydrating needs of the early morning athlete without compromising sleep or gastrointestinal comfort during exercise. Therefore, the purpose of this investigation was to examine the acute effects of pre-sleep chocolate milk (CM) ingestion on next-morning running performance, metabolism, and hydration status...
July 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281542/environmental-organic-pollutants-in-human-milk-before-and-after-weight-loss
#16
Sanna Lignell, Anna Winkvist, Fredrik Bertz, Kathleen M Rasmussen, Anders Glynn, Marie Aune, Hilde Kristin Brekke
Many persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are banned because they accumulate in organisms and are toxic. Lipophilic POPs are stored in maternal adipose tissue and concentrations in human milk (HM) may increase during weight loss. Our aim was to examine associations between weight loss and concentrations of chlorinated POPs in HM in lactating women participating in a weight loss study. We analysed POPs (PCB 28, PCB 153, HCB, DDE) in HM at 12 and 24 weeks postpartum from 32 women who participated in a randomized, 2 × 2 factorial trial of diet and exercise for postpartum weight loss...
September 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27271661/effects-of-whey-caseinate-or-milk-protein-ingestion-on-muscle-protein-synthesis-after-exercise
#17
Atsushi Kanda, Kyosuke Nakayama, Chiaki Sanbongi, Masashi Nagata, Shuji Ikegami, Hiroyuki Itoh
Whey protein (WP) is characterized as a "fast" protein and caseinate (CA) as a "slow" protein according to their digestion and absorption rates. We hypothesized that co-ingestion of milk proteins (WP and CA) may be effective for prolonging the muscle protein synthesis response compared to either protein alone. We therefore compared the effect of ingesting milk protein (MP) to either WP or CA alone on muscle protein synthesis after exercise in rats. We also compared the effects of these milk-derived proteins to a control, soy protein (SP)...
June 3, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27236761/prevalence-and-distribution-of-foot-lesions-in-dairy-cattle-in-alberta-canada
#18
L Solano, H W Barkema, S Mason, E A Pajor, S J LeBlanc, K Orsel
The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to determine the prevalence and distribution of foot lesions and associated cow- and herd-level risk factors in dairy cows in Alberta, Canada. Foot lesion data were recorded electronically by 7 hoof trimmers on 28,607 cows in 156 dairy farms from June 2009 to November 2012. Foot lesion prevalence estimates differed between farms that had the whole herd trimmed at once (≥80% of lactating cows were trimmed; n=69 farms and 8,020 cows) and farms on which part of the herd was trimmed (selection of cows was determined by farmer and <80% of lactating cows were trimmed; n=87 and 20,587 cows)...
August 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27221888/impact-of-interactions-between-self-reported-psychological-stress-and-habitual-exercise-on-the-dietary-intake-of-japanese-men-and-women-a-large-scale-cross-sectional-study
#19
Kaori Endoh, Kiyonori Kuriki, Nobuhiko Kasezawa, Kazushige Tohyama, Toshinao Goda
BACKGROUND: Modifying lifestyle factors such as diet and exercise can reduce the risk of cancer. Psychological stress (PS) might be indirectly associated with cancer because it alters lifestyle factors. However, the relationship among these variables has not been fully investigated. Thus, we examined interactions between self-reported PS (SRPS) and habitual exercise on diet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all, 5,587 men and 2,718 women were divided into "exerciser" and "non-exerciser" groups, based on whether they exercised regularly, and classified into three SRPS levels: low, moderate and high...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27189968/new-insight-into-the-dietary-cause-of-atherosclerosis-implications-for-pharmacology
#20
Reynold Spector
At present, the guideline approach to the medical treatment and prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) is to classify patients by risk and treat the known risk factors (contributory causes), e.g., hypertension, diabetes, obesity, smoking, and poor diet, as appropriate. All high-risk patients should receive statins. This approach has had substantial success but ASCVD still remains the number one cause of death in the United States. Until recently, the underlying cause of ASCVD remained unknown, although a potential dietary cause was suggested by the fact that vegetarians, especially vegans, have a much lower incidence of ASCVD than animal flesh eaters...
July 2016: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
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