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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324822/outcome-evaluation-of-minimally-invasive-surgery-versus-extensile-lateral-approach-in-management-of-displaced-intra-articular-calcaneal-fractures-a-randomised-control-trial
#1
Ankit Khurana, Mandeep S Dhillon, Sharad Prabhakar, Rakesh John
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery has a significant and evolving role in the treatment of DIACFs, but there is limited literature on this topic. OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinico-radiological outcomes of DIACFs fixed with MIS technique with ORIF. METHODS: This randomised control trial (RCT) included 21 closed Sanders type 2 and 3 DIACFs which were selected from 70 who presented. Extensile lateral approach was used in the ORIF group; while MIS techniques included either percutaneous reduction or small incisions with indirect fragment manipulation...
February 20, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322242/psychological-distress-and-user-experiences-with-health-care-provision-in-persons-living-with-spinal-cord-injury-for-more-than-20-years
#2
V M Jakimovska, E Kostovski, F Biering-Sørensen, I B Lidal
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional and retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: To gain more insight into the long-term health status in persons with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI), especially perceived psychological distress as well as self-reports of utilization of healthcare services. SETTING: Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital, Norway. METHODS: In total, 147 persons with SCI were examined for more than 20 years and interviewed (in 2004/2005) using a self-administrated questionnaire and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-20)...
March 21, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319704/assessing-the-drivers-shaping-global-patterns-of-urban-vegetation-landscape-structure
#3
C Dobbs, C Nitschke, D Kendal
Vegetation is one of the main resources involve in ecosystem functioning and providing ecosystem services in urban areas. Little is known on the landscape structure patterns of vegetation existing in urban areas at the global scale and the drivers of these patterns. We studied the landscape structure of one hundred cities around the globe, and their relation to demography (population), socioeconomic factors (GDP, Gini Index), climate factors (temperature and rain) and topographic characteristics (altitude, variation in altitude)...
March 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319233/addressing-the-physician-shortage-the-peril-of-ignoring-demography
#4
Darrell G Kirch, Kate Petelle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315698/worldwide-demography-of-centenarians
#5
REVIEW
Jean-Marie Robine, Sarah Cubaynes
The global number of centenarians should strongly increase during the 21 st century. According to the Population Division of the United Nations it should reach more than 25 million people in 2100. To better understand the dynamics of the emergence and growth of the centenarian population, we focused on four European countries having long chronological series and high quality data about centenarians, Denmark, France, Sweden, and Switzerland, and Japan which has had the highest life expectancy at birth for several years...
March 15, 2017: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289366/long-term-study-of-health-and-quality-of-life-after-burn-injury
#6
A L Moi, E Haugsmyr, H Heisterkamp
The aim of the present study was to examine burn patient health status, quality of life and work status 16.2 (1.7) [mean (SD)] years after burn injury, and to compare the findings with similar questionnaire data from the same people obtained 11.5 years earlier. Data on burn-specific health (BSHS-N), generic health (SF-36), overall quality of life (QOLS), injury characteristics, socio-demography and work were obtained in 2001 from 95 adult burn patients. In 2013, 78 participants were still eligible, and 34 of them (age: 53...
December 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285970/longitudinal-study-of-thai-people-media-exposure-knowledge-and-behavior-on-dengue-fever-prevention-and-control
#7
Smith Boonchutima, Kirati Kachentawa, Manasanun Limpavithayakul, Anan Prachansri
Dengue hemorrhagic fever is transmitted through a bite by a dengue -infected Aedes aegypti mosquito. It was first reported in the mid -20th century in Thailand, and since then its epidemiology has been of great concern and has spread all across the country. The alarming incidence of dengue posed a serious threat to human health in all major cities of Thailand. This study was aimed at identifying the level of awareness of dengue fever in Thai population knowledge for prevention and control, and most importantly contribution of media in educating masses for dengue control measures...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281124/major-pancreatic-duct-continuity-is-the-crucial-determinant-in-the-management-of-blunt-pancreatic-injury-a-pancreatographic-classification
#8
Being-Chuan Lin, Yon-Cheong Wong, Ray-Jade Chen, Nai-Jen Liu, Cheng-Hsien Wu, Tsann-Long Hwang, Yu-Pao Hsu
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the management and outcomes of blunt pancreatic injuries based on the integrity of the major pancreatic duct (MPD). METHODS: Between August 1996 and August 2015, 35 patients with blunt pancreatic injuries underwent endoscopic retrograde pancreatography (ERP). Medical charts were retrospectively reviewed for demography, ERP timing, imaging findings, management, and outcome. RESULTS: Of the 35 patients, 21 were men and 14 were women, with ages ranging from 11 to 70 years...
March 9, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280659/reconstruction-of-through-and-through-oromandibular-defect-comparison-of-four-different-techniques
#9
John Chung-Han Wu, Yi-Chieh Lee, Yu-Chun Cheng, Chih-Wei Wu
BACKGROUND: Through-and-through oromandibular defects originate from surgical intervention of tumors of the oral cavity involving external skin, soft tissue, bone, and oral lining. Reconstruction of such composite defects is primarily achieved by 4 methods using distinct flaps in Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, including a single anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap, a single fibula flap, an osteomyocutaneous peroneal artery-based combined flap, and a combination of a fibular flap and an ALT flap, also known as a double flap...
February 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280282/climate-and-marriage-in-the-netherlands-1871-1937
#10
Julia A Jennings, Clark L Gray
Environmental factors such as climate variability can place significant constraints on demographic behavior in a range of settings. However, few studies investigate the relationships between demography and climate in historical contexts. Using longitudinal individual-level demographic data from the Historical Sample of the Netherlands (HSN) and climate and economic data from 1871-1937, we examine the effects of climate variability on marriage. This analysis reveals that marriage increases with negative environmental conditions such as cold temperatures, riverine flooding, and high rye prices...
March 2017: Population and Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279454/comparison-and-validation-of-two-mathematical-models-for-the-impact-of-mass-drug-administration-on-ascaris-lumbricoides-and-hookworm-infection
#11
Luc E Coffeng, James E Truscott, Sam H Farrell, Hugo C Turner, Rajiv Sarkar, Gagandeep Kang, Sake J de Vlas, Roy M Anderson
The predictions of two mathematical models of the transmission dynamics of Ascaris lumbricoides and hookworm infection and the impact of mass drug administration (MDA) are compared, using data from India. One model has an age structured partial differential equation (PDE) deterministic framework for the distribution of parasite numbers per host and sexual mating. The second model is an individual-based stochastic model. Baseline data acquired prior to treatment are used to estimate key transmission parameters, and forward projections are made, given the known MDA population coverage...
March 2017: Epidemics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278689/genetic-diversity-and-population-demography-of-the-endemic-species-acrossocheilus-longipinnis-teleostei-cyprinidae-based-on-mtdna-coi-and-cyt-b-gene-sequences
#12
Lan-Ping Zheng, Jun-Xing Yang
In this study, we investigated the population genetic structure and demographic history of Acrossocheilus longipinnis based on two mitochondrial genes (cytochrome b and cytochrome oxidase subunit I). A total of 14 haplotypes were identified for A. longipinnis. The total haplotype diversity and nucleotide diversity are 0.68586 and 0.00358, respectively, which suggest that A. longipinnis exhibits a low genetic diversity. The monophyly of A. longipinnis is not rejected by the analyses, and the species can be divided into two lineages...
February 28, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276102/mucormycosis-at-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-gujarat-india
#13
Atul K Patel, Ketan K Patel, Kamlesh Patel, Swati Gohel, Arunaloke Chakrabarti
The prevalence of mucormycosis is reportedly high in India, although the studies are mainly from north and south India only. We analysed the mucormycosis cases at tertiary care centres of West India. We retrieved the clinical details of all the patients with probable and proven mucormycosis diagnosed at Sterling Hospital and ID clinic at Ahmedabad, Gujarat over the period from 1 January 2013 through 30 April 2015. The data were analysed to determine demography, risk factors, underlying diseases, site of infection and outcome of these patients...
March 9, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275961/high-diagnostic-yield-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-without-an-on-site-cytopathologist
#14
Shyam Sunder Sharma, Mukesh Jain, Sudhir Maharshi
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is a well-established modality in diagnosing and staging of various neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions. Its accuracy further increases in the presence of an on-site cytopathologist. There is a paucity of data on diagnostic yield of EUS-guided fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) without an on-site cytopathologist. METHODS: Retrospective data were analyzed at SMS Medical College, Jaipur, from January 2014 to October 2015...
March 9, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275880/cultural-hitchhiking-in-the-matrilineal-whales
#15
Hal Whitehead, Felicia Vachon, Timothy R Frasier
Five species of whale with matrilineal social systems (daughters remain with mothers) have remarkably low levels of mitochondrial DNA diversity. Non-heritable matriline-level demography could reduce genetic diversity but the required conditions are not consistent with the natural histories of the matrilineal whales. The diversity of nuclear microsatellites is little reduced in the matrilineal whales arguing against bottlenecks. Selective sweeps of the mitochondrial genome are feasible causes but it is not clear why these only occurred in the matrilineal species...
March 9, 2017: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272746/the-prevalence-of-diabetes-after-gestational-diabetes-an-australian-perspective
#16
Robert Geoffrey Moses, Ivana Goluza, Jay Philip Borchard, Alexandra Harman, Alicia Dunning, Marianna Milosavljevic
BACKGROUND: Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are likely to develop diabetes in later life. International reports and reviews indicate a variable but generally high rate of conversion. However, data from international reports are difficult to apply to an Australian population. AIM: To investigate in Australia, in a representative population, the prevalence of diabetes developing in women who have been diagnosed with one criteria and who have had uniform standards of clinical care...
March 8, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267807/phylogeography-and-genetic-structure-of-the-oriental-river-prawn-macrobrachium-nipponense-crustacea-decapoda-palaemonidae-in-east-asia
#17
Po-Cheng Chen, Chun-Han Shih, Ta-Jen Chu, Ying-Chou Lee, Tzong-Der Tzeng
The oriental river prawn (Macrobrachium nipponense) is mainly distributed in East Asia. The phylogeography, population genetic structure and historical demography of this species in the East Asia were examined by using partial sequences of the cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) and 16S rRNA in mitochondrial DNA. Ten populations that included 239 individuals were collected from Taiwan (Shihmen Reservoir, SMR, Mingte Reservoir, MTR and Chengching Lake Reservoir, CLR), mainland China (Taihu Lake, TLC, Min River, MRC, Jiulong River, JRC and Shenzhen Reservoir, SRC), Japan (Biwa Lake, BLJ and Kasumigaura Lake, KLJ) and Korea (Han River, HRK)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267215/diagnostic-procedures-employed-by-dental-practitioners-in-australia-with-a-focus-on-endodontic-diagnostic-procedures
#18
A S J Tan, G W Bennett, J C W Tan, P V Abbott
INTRODUCTION: An accurate diagnosis is the foundation for determining prognosis and appropriate management. This study adds to pre-existing (albeit limited) evidence by exploring the use of diagnostic techniques amongst dental practitioners. AIMS: To identify the availability, usage and clinician preference for specific diagnostic tests. A secondary aim was to investigate the use of diagnostic tests for common clinical scenarios. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was distributed online to dental practitioners registered with the Australian Dental Association...
March 7, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265503/neogene-paleogeography-provides-context-for-understanding-the-origin-and-spatial-distribution-of-cryptic-diversity-in-a-widespread-balkan-freshwater-amphipod
#19
Michał Grabowski, Tomasz Mamos, Karolina Bącela-Spychalska, Tomasz Rewicz, Remi A Wattier
BACKGROUND: The Balkans are a major worldwide biodiversity and endemism hotspot. Among the freshwater biota, amphipods are known for their high cryptic diversity. However, little is known about the temporal and paleogeographic aspects of their evolutionary history. We used paleogeography as a framework for understanding the onset of diversification in Gammarus roeselii: (1) we hypothesised that, given the high number of isolated waterbodies in the Balkans, the species is characterised by high level of cryptic diversity, even on a local scale; (2) the long geological history of the region might promote pre-Pleistocene divergence between lineages; (3) given that G...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260476/infections-after-renal-transplant-in-recipients-with-familial-mediterranean-fever-a-life-threatening-issue
#20
Erhan Tatar, Murat Karatas, Ahmet Aykas, Gokalp Okut, Giray Bozkaya, Adam Uslu
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated long-term results and infections requiring hospitalization in kidney transplant patients with Familial Mediterranean Fever (associated amyloidosis-type). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients with familial Mediterranean fever with at least 1-year posttransplant follow-up. Kidney transplant recipients with primary glomerulonephritis and equivalent demography, immunity status, and follow-up comprised the control group...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
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