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Demography, Nutrition, Health, population

Saruna Ghimire, Binaya Kumar Baral, Isha Karmacharya, Karen Callahan, Shiva Raj Mishra
BACKGROUND: Nepal's demography is aging rapidly, yet few studies to date have examined how this has affected the health and well-being of the elderly, defined as those above 60 years in Nepal's Senior Citizen Act (2006). Our study, abbreviated NepEldQOLII, aims to assess perceived life satisfaction, and evaluate its relationship with nutritional health and mental well-being among the burgeoning Nepalese elderly population. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey among 289 Nepalese elderly, aged ≥60 years, attending an outpatient clinic of a hospital in Kathmandu, Nepal was conducted...
June 7, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Catherine Nduku Kiama, Joyce Njeri Wamicwe, Elvis Omondi Oyugi, Mark Odhiambo Obonyo, Jane Githuku Mungai, Zeinab Gura Roka, Ann Mwangi
Introduction: Metabolic syndrome affects 20-25% of the adult population globally. It predisposes to cardiovascular disease and Type 2 diabetes. Studies in other countries suggest a high prevalence of metabolic syndrome among HIV-infected patients but no studies have been reported in Kenya. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and factors associated with metabolic syndrome in adult HIV-infected patients in an urban population in Nairobi, Kenya. Methods: In a cross-sectional study design, conducted at Riruta Health Centre in 2016, 360 adults infected with HIV were recruited...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Barbara Giordani, Annalisa Amato, Fabio Majo, Gianluca Ferrari, Serena Quattrucci, Laura Minicucci, Rita Padoan, Giovanna Floridia, Gianna Puppo Fornaro, Domenica Taruscio, Marco Salvatore
INTRODUCTION: The Italian Cystic Fibrosis Registry (ICFR) is based on a new agreement about the data flow towards the Registry signed on October, 4th 2016 by the Centre for Rare Diseases of the Italian National Institute of Health (NIH), the clinicians of the Italian National Referral and Support Centres for Cystic Fibrosis, the Paediatric Hospital "Bambino Gesù" (Rome), the Italian Cystic Fibrosis Society, and the Italian League for Cystic Fibrosis. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present Report is to improve the knowledge on cystic fibrosis (CF) through the epidemiological description of Italian patients...
January 2018: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
Dongmei Yu, Yuna He, Hongyun Fang, Xiaoli Xu, Xun Wang, Wentao Yu, Fengmei Jia, Xiaoguang Yang, Guansheng Ma, Liyun Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the mean population intake of salt in Chinese adults in 2010-2012. METHODS: Data were from the Chinese Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2010-2012. The samples were selected through the method of probability proportion to size (PPS). The study objects were 55 531 adults aged 18 and over from 150 sites in 31 provinces, autonomous regions or municipalities in China. The information of oil, salt and other condiments for household was from the 3 d food weighed record...
March 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
John G Safari, Stella C Kimambo, James E Lwelamira
Breast feeding practice especially exclusive breast feeding (EBF) is a major determinant of child growth and development. In Tanzania, most women breastfeed their infants for long periods, but many introduce alternative feeding too early in life. The objective of this study was to determine factors affecting EBF and the relationship between feeding practices and the nutritional status of infants. This cross-sectional survey, using a semi-structured questionnaire, was conducted in Morogoro Municipality in Tanzania...
July 2013: Tanzania Journal of Health Research
Vanessa M Oddo, James Mabli
OBJECTIVES: We assessed whether households' participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) was associated with improvements in well-being, as indicated by lower rates of psychological distress. METHODS: We used longitudinal data for 3146 households in 30 states, collected between October 2011 and September 2012 for the SNAP Food Security survey, the largest longitudinal national survey of SNAP participants to date. Analyses compared households within days of program entry to the same households approximately 6 months later...
June 2015: American Journal of Public Health
Matthew A Davis, Julie P W Bynum, Brenda E Sirovich
IMPORTANCE: Fruit consumption is believed to have beneficial health effects, and some claim, "An apple a day keeps the doctor away." OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between eating an apple a day and keeping the doctor away. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional study of a nationally representative sample of the noninstitutionalized US adult population. A total of 8728 adults 18 years and older from the 2007-2008 and 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey completed a 24-hour dietary recall questionnaire and reported that the quantity of food they ate was reflective of their usual daily diet...
May 2015: JAMA Internal Medicine
Tulio Konstantyner, Sarah Warkentin, José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo Taddei
BACKGROUND: Vitamin A deficiency is prevalent among infants, primarily in undeveloped communities, compromising immune system competence and raising morbidity and mortality rates. Understanding the risk factors associated with vitamin A deficiency is essential to create informed health policies. OBJECTIVE: To identify and quantify risk factors for vitamin A deficiency in a probabilistic sample of children under 2 years of age participating in a national survey in Brazil and to provide a comprehensive risk factor model to inform health strategies and policies...
December 2014: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Kelly R Evenson, Fang Wen
BACKGROUND: Accelerometer output may be semi-continuous or continuous in nature, which has implications on discerning non-wear and defining physical activity intensity levels. This study described field-based accelerometer performance from a surveillance sample of youth and adults. METHODS: Using 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data, 4,028 youth ages 6 to 17 years and 7,931 adults age > =18 years wore an ActiGraph AM7164 accelerometer for one week, providing at least 3 days of wear for > =8 hours/day...
2015: BMC Research Notes
Saswata Ghosh, Anamitra Barik, Saikat Majumder, Ashoke Gorain, Subrata Mukherjee, Saibal Mazumdar, Kajal Chatterjee, Sunil Kumar Bhaumik, Susanta Kumar Bandyopadhyay, BiswaRanjan Satpathi, Partha P Majumder, Abhijit Chowdhury
The Birbhum HDSS was established in 2008 and covers 351 villages in four administrative blocks in rural areas of Birbhum district of West Bengal, India. The project currently follows 54 585 individuals living in 12557 households. The population being followed up is economically underprivileged and socially marginalized. The HDSS, a prospective longitudinal cohort study, has been designed to study changes in population demographic, health and healthcare utilization. In addition to collecting data on vital statistics and antenatal and postnatal tracking, verbal autopsies are being performed...
February 2015: International Journal of Epidemiology
Janet M Wojcicki
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have characterized an increasing trend of double burden households, or households with individuals experiencing both undernutrition and obesity, in countries undergoing a nutrition transition. Although most prior studies indicate the prevalence of double burden households is highest in middle-income countries, there is some support for an increase in double burden households in sub-Saharan African countries as well. METHOD: Using data from the Demographic Health Surveys (DHS) and the World Health Organization (WHO), the prevalence of double burden households in sub-Saharan African countries was calculated and the associations between prevalence of overweight/obese adults and underweight, stunted and wasted children were evaluated at the country and household (DHS only) levels...
2014: BMC Public Health
Cindy W Leung, Barbara A Laraia, Belinda L Needham, David H Rehkopf, Nancy E Adler, Jue Lin, Elizabeth H Blackburn, Elissa S Epel
OBJECTIVES: We tested whether leukocyte telomere length maintenance, which underlies healthy cellular aging, provides a link between sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and the risk of cardiometabolic disease. METHODS: We examined cross-sectional associations between the consumption of SSBs, diet soda, and fruit juice and telomere length in a nationally representative sample of healthy adults. The study population included 5309 US adults, aged 20 to 65 years, with no history of diabetes or cardiovascular disease, from the 1999 to 2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys...
December 2014: American Journal of Public Health
Jung Hwan Park, Yong Chul Kim, Ho Seok Koo, Se Won Oh, Suhnggwon Kim, Ho Jun Chin
Stomach cancer is one of the most common cancers in Korea. The aim of this study was to identify the association between the prevalence of cancer, particularly stomach cancer, and the amount of 24-hr urine sodium excretion estimated from spot urine specimens. The study included 19,083 subjects who took part in the Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey between 2009 and 2011. The total amount of urine sodium excreted in a 24-hr period was estimated by using two equations based on the values for spot urine sodium and creatinine...
September 2014: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Jieun Oh, Jeonghwan Lee, Ho Seok Koo, Suhnggwon Kim, Ho Jun Chin
No large-scale studies have investigated the association between salt intake and hypertension in Korean population. To investigate the relationship of blood pressure to salt consumption, we analyzed data from 19,476 participants in the 2009-2011 Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (KNHANES). Urinary sodium excretion over 24-hr (24HUNa) was estimated from spot urine tests using Tanaka's equation. The study subjects were stratified into hypertensive and normotensive groups. Hypertensive participants (n=6,552, 33...
September 2014: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Jeonghwan Lee, Hajeong Lee, Kiwon Kim, Jung Hwan Park, Suhnggwon Kim, Jieun Oh
The relationship between salt intake and adequate blood pressure control is not well investigated in Korea populations, especially in patients with cardiovascular disease. This cross-sectional study enrolled 19,083 subjects who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted from 2009-2011. The amount of salt intake was estimated using the Tanaka equations based on spot urine samples. Comparing patients with and without cardiovascular disease, systolic blood pressure (129...
September 2014: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Aldo A M Lima, Reinaldo B Oriá, Alberto M Soares, José Q Filho, Francisco de Sousa, Cláudia B Abreu, Alexandre Bindá, Ila Lima, Josiane Quetz, Milena Moraes, Bruna Maciel, Hilda Costa, Alvaro M Leite, Noélia L Lima, Francisco S Mota, Alessandra Di Moura, Rebecca Scharf, Leah Barrett, Richard L Guerrant
The Etiology, Risk Factors and Interactions of Enteric Infections and Malnutrition and the Consequences for Child Health and Development (MAL-ED) cohort in the study's Fortaleza, Brazil, catchment area has a population of approximately 82 300 inhabitants. Most of the households (87%) have access to clean water, 98% have electricity, and 69% have access to improved toilet/sanitation. Most childbirths occur at the hospital, and the under-5 mortality rate is 20 per 1000 live births. The MAL-ED case-control study population, identified through the Institute for the Promotion of Nutrition and Human Development (IPREDE), serves 600 000 inhabitants from areas totaling about 42% of the city of Fortaleza...
November 1, 2014: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Casey Tolzman, Brenda Rooney, R Daniel Duquette, Keely Rees
OBJECTIVES: The US Department of Agriculture has identified an area in La Crosse, Wisconsin as a food desert-a low-income area with a low level of access to a grocery store or healthy, affordable food outlet. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and potential predictors of severe food insecurity in this area. METHODS: Questionnaires assessing food insecurity and perceived barriers to accessing adequate nutrition were sent out to 2,068 households located within the food desert in La Crosse...
August 2014: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
Laurette Dubé, Nii A Addy, Chantal Blouin, Nick Drager
The 20th century saw accelerated human and economic development, with increased convergence in income, wealth, and living standards around the world. For a large part, owing to the well-entrenched Western-centric linear and siloed industrialization pattern, this positive transformation has also been associated with complex societal challenges at the nexus of agricultural, industrial, and health sectors. Efforts at cross-sectoral policy coherence have been deployed with limited success. To go beyond what has been possible thus far, the whole-of-society (WoS) paradigm for human and economic development proposes a 21st century convergence where, instead of the rest (of the world) converging with the West, sectoral and cross-sectoral efforts converge in their single and collective policy and action on a common target of human and economic development...
December 2014: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Runhua Shi, Srinivas Devarakonda, Lihong Liu, Hannah Taylor, Glenn Mills
BACKGROUND: Patients with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection are at risk of developing cancer later in their life. Current research estimates the prevalence of genital HPV infection and explores the factors that are associated with the infection. FINDINGS: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2010 was used in this research study. The study population included females in the United States aged 18-59 years. The weighted prevalence of HPV infection was 41...
2014: BMC Research Notes
Viranuj Sueblinvong, Suthat Liangpunsakul
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest an important role for leptin in respiratory immune responses and pathogenesis of inflammatory respiratory diseases. There has been an interest to explore whether leptin plays any role in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVE: We conducted a population-based study to evaluate the relationship between serum leptin and COPD in the third US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey participants...
October 2014: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
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