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Yoichi Nishii, Osamu Hataji, Kentaro Ito, Fumiaki Watanabe, Tetsu Kobayashi, Corina D'Alessandro-Gabazza, Masaaki Toda, Osamu Taguchi, Nobuyuki Yamamoto, Esteban C Gabazza
Osimertinib, a third-generation epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has been demonstrated to be effective for treating patients with T790M-positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with a relatively good performance status (grade 0-1). Reports of therapeutic response to osimertinib in advanced NSCLC patients with poor performance status are infrequent. The present case report discusses a patient with advanced lung adenocarcinoma harboring EGFR exon 19 deletion and T790M mutation with central nervous system involvement and poor performance status...
February 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Fei Li, Shu-Hua Zhang, Li-Min Pang
A network meta-analysis evaluating efficacy and adverse events of eight erlotinib-based therapies (erlotinib+placebo, erlotinib+tivantinib, erlotinib+celecoxib, erlotinib+onartuzumab, erlotinib+sunitinib, erlotinib+entinostat, erlotinib+sorafenib, and erlotinib+bevacizumab) for advanced/metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was performed. PubMed and Cochrane Library were reviewed, and ten randomized controlled trials were identified in which patients receiving at least one erlotinib-based therapy. Efficacy outcomes, including progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), overall response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), and adverse outcomes were evaluated...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
Yi-Long Wu, Ross Andrew Soo, Giuseppe Locatelli, Uz Stammberger, Giorgio Scagliotti, Keunchil Park
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) inevitably develops resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment. In 5-20% of cases, this can be attributed to aberrant c-Met activity, providing a clear rationale for the use of c-Met inhibitors in these patients. EGFR TKI-resistant tumors often remain sensitive to EGFR signaling, such that c-Met inhibitors are likely to be most effective when combined with continued EGFR TKI therapy. The phase III trials of the c-Met inhibitors onartuzumab and tivantinib, which failed to demonstrate significant benefit in patients with NSCLC but excluded patients with EGFR TKI-resistant disease, do not allow c-Met to be dismissed as a rational target in EGFR TKI-resistant NSCLC...
December 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
Martin Pool, Anton G T Terwisscha van Scheltinga, Arjan Kol, Danique Giesen, Elisabeth G E de Vries, Marjolijn N Lub-de Hooge
PURPOSE: c-MET and its ligand hepatocyte growth factor are often dysregulated in human cancers. Dynamic changes in c-MET expression occur and might predict drug efficacy or emergence of resistance. Noninvasive visualization of c-MET dynamics could therefore potentially guide c-MET-directed therapies. We investigated the feasibility of 89 Zr-labelled one-armed c-MET antibody onartuzumab PET for detecting relevant changes in c-MET levels induced by c-MET-mediated epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor erlotinib resistance or heat shock protein-90 (HSP90) inhibitor NVP-AUY-922 treatment in human non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) xenografts...
August 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Marius Ilie, Edith Szafer-Glusman, Véronique Hofman, Elodie Long-Mira, Rebecca Suttmann, Walter Darbonne, Catherine Butori, Salomé Lalvée, Julien Fayada, Eric Selva, Wei Yu, Charles-Hugo Marquette, David S Shames, Elizabeth Punnoose, Paul Hofman
Given the difficulty in obtaining adequate tissue in NSCLC, we investigated the utility of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) for MET status assessment in NSCLC patients. We used two platforms for CTC capture, and assessed MET expression in CTCs and matched-bronchial biopsies in patients with advanced-stage III/IV lung adenocarcinoma. Baseline peripheral blood was collected from 256 advanced-stage III/IV NSCLC patients from Genentech clinical trials, and from 106 patients with advanced-stage III/IV lung adenocarcinoma treated at the Department of Pneumology, Pasteur Hospital, Nice...
April 18, 2017: Oncotarget
Johanna C Bendell, Howard Hochster, Lowell L Hart, Irfan Firdaus, Joseph R Mace, Joshua J McFarlane, Mark Kozloff, Daniel Catenacci, Jessie J Hsu, Stephen P Hack, David S Shames, See-Chun Phan, Hartmut Koeppen, Allen L Cohn
BACKGROUND: Dysregulated hepatocyte growth factor/mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) signaling is associated with poor prognosis and resistance to vascular endothelial growth factor inhibition in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). We report outcomes from a double-blind, multicenter phase II trial of the MET inhibitor onartuzumab in combination with mFOLFOX-6 and bevacizumab for mCRC (GO27827; NCT01418222). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were randomized 1:1 to receive onartuzumab (10 mg/kg intravenously [IV]) or placebo plus mFOLFOX-6 and bevacizumab (5 mg/kg IV)...
March 2017: Oncologist
Kelong Han, Pascal Chanu, Fredrik Jonsson, Helen Winter, René Bruno, Jin Jin, Mark Stroh
The phase III trial comparing onartuzumab + erlotinib vs. erlotinib in the second- and third-line non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) did not meet its primary endpoint of overall survival (OS). The objective was to assess whether doses higher than the phase III dose (15 mg/kg) might yield better efficacy without compromising the safety profile. Data were from 636 patients from the phase II and III NSCLC studies. Tumor growth inhibition (TGI) models were fit to longitudinal tumor size data to estimate individual TGI metrics including time to tumor re-growth (TTG)...
March 2017: AAPS Journal
Vicki Brower
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2016: Lancet Oncology
David R Spigel, Martin J Edelman, Kenneth O'Byrne, Luis Paz-Ares, Simonetta Mocci, See Phan, David S Shames, Dustin Smith, Wei Yu, Virginia E Paton, Tony Mok
Purpose The phase III OAM4971g study (METLung) examined the efficacy and safety of onartuzumab plus erlotinib in patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer selected by MET immunohistochemistry whose disease had progressed after treatment with a platinum-based chemotherapy regimen. Patients and Methods Patients were randomly assigned at a one-to-one ratio to receive onartuzumab (15 mg/kg intravenously on day 1 of each 21-day cycle) plus daily oral erlotinib 150 mg or intravenous placebo plus daily oral erlotinib 150 mg...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Manish A Shah, Yung-Jue Bang, Florian Lordick, Maria Alsina, Meng Chen, Stephen P Hack, Jean Marie Bruey, Dustin Smith, Ian McCaffery, David S Shames, See Phan, David Cunningham
Importance: Dysregulation of the mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) signaling pathway is associated with poor prognosis in gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma (GEC). We report results of METGastric, a phase 3 trial of the MET inhibitor onartuzumab plus standard first-line chemotherapy for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative, MET-positive, advanced GEC. Objective: To determine whether the addition of onartuzumab to first-line fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin (mFOLFOX6) improves efficacy compared with mFOLFOX6 plus placebo in HER2-negative, MET-positive GEC...
May 1, 2017: JAMA Oncology
Timothy Cloughesy, Gaetano Finocchiaro, Cristóbal Belda-Iniesta, Lawrence Recht, Alba A Brandes, Estela Pineda, Tom Mikkelsen, Olivier L Chinot, Carmen Balana, David R Macdonald, Manfred Westphal, Kirsten Hopkins, Michael Weller, Carlos Bais, Thomas Sandmann, Jean-Marie Bruey, Hartmut Koeppen, Bo Liu, Wendy Verret, See-Chun Phan, David S Shames
Purpose Bevacizumab regimens are approved for the treatment of recurrent glioblastoma in many countries. Aberrant mesenchymal-epithelial transition factor (MET) expression has been reported in glioblastoma and may contribute to bevacizumab resistance. The phase II study GO27819 investigated the monovalent MET inhibitor onartuzumab plus bevacizumab (Ona + Bev) versus placebo plus bevacizumab (Pla + Bev) in recurrent glioblastoma. Methods At first recurrence after chemoradiation, bevacizumab-naïve patients with glioblastoma were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive Ona (15 mg/kg, once every 3 weeks) + Bev (15 mg/kg, once every 3 weeks) or Pla + Bev until disease progression...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Heather Wakelee, Zanete Zvirbule, Filippo De Braud, C Daniel Kingsley, Tarek Mekhail, Thomas Lowe, Wolfgang Schütte, Hervé Lena, William Lawler, Fadi Braiteh, Thomas Cosgriff, Diego Kaen, Michelle Boyer, Jessie Hsu, See Phan, Silvia Novello
BACKGROUND: Onartuzumab is a monovalent monoclonal antibody that binds with the extracellular domain of the MET receptor. Given the role of MET in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), we investigated whether onartuzumab added to first-line chemotherapy efficacy in non-squamous NSCLC. METHODS: Patients with untreated stage IIIB/IV non-squamous NSCLC, stratified by MET diagnostic status, were randomized to receive onartuzumab (15 mg/kg intravenously every 3 weeks) or placebo in combination with either paclitaxel/platinum/bevacizumab (bevacizumab cohort), or in combination with platinum/pemetrexed (pemetrexed cohort) with maintenance bevacizumab or pemetrexed and onartuzumab/placebo as appropriate...
January 2017: Clinical Lung Cancer
Fred R Hirsch, Ramaswamy Govindan, Zanete Zvirbule, Fadi Braiteh, Achim Rittmeyer, Cristóbal Belda-Iniesta, Dolores Isla, Thomas Cosgriff, Michelle Boyer, Masamichi Ueda, See Phan, David R Gandara
INTRODUCTION: The treatment options for squamous cell non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are limited. We assessed the efficacy and safety of onartuzumab plus platinum-doublet chemotherapy in previously untreated advanced squamous cell NSCLC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The patients were randomized to receive onartuzumab plus paclitaxel plus carboplatin/cisplatin (n = 55) or placebo plus paclitaxel plus carboplatin/cisplatin (n = 54). Randomization was stratified by MET diagnostic status: MET immunohistochemistry (IHC)-positive (MET IHC 3+/2+) or MET IHC-negative (MET IHC 1+/0)...
January 2017: Clinical Lung Cancer
Manish A Shah, Jae-Yong Cho, Iain B Tan, Niall C Tebbutt, Chia-Jui Yen, Alice Kang, David S Shames, Lilian Bu, Yoon-Koo Kang
BACKGROUND: The phase II YO28252 study (NCT01590719) examined first-line onartuzumab plus mFOLFOX6 in patients with metastatic, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative adenocarcinoma of the stomach or gastroesophageal junction. MET immunohistochemistry expression as a biomarker of onartuzumab activity was also examined. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients were randomized 1:1 to receive standard mFOLFOX6 plus onartuzumab (10 mg/kg) or placebo in 2-week cycles for 12 cycles, followed by onartuzumab or placebo until disease progression...
September 2016: Oncologist
Eslie Dennis, Peter Banks, Lauren B Murata, Stephanie A Sanchez, Christie Pennington, Linda Hockersmith, Rachel Miller, Jess Lambe, Janine Feng, Monesh Kapadia, June Clements, Isabell Loftin, Shalini Singh, Ashis Das-Gupta, William Lloyd, Kenneth Bloom
Companion diagnostics assay interpretation can select patients with the greatest targeted therapy benefits. We present the results from a prospective study demonstrating that pathologists can effectively learn immunohistochemical assay-interpretation skills from digital image-based electronic training (e-training). In this study, e-training was used to train board-certified pathologists to evaluate non-small cell lung carcinoma for eligibility for treatment with onartuzumab, a MET-inhibiting agent. The training program mimicked the live training that was previously validated in clinical trials for onartuzumab...
October 2016: Human Pathology
Janice M Reichert
The number of novel antibody therapeutics that received first marketing approvals in 2015 met expectations, with 6 (alirocumab (Praluent®), evolocumab (Repatha®), daratumumab (Darzalex®), dinutuximab (Unituxin®), idarucizumab (Praxbind®), mepolizumab (Nucala®)) granted first approvals as of mid-November*. Seven novel antibody therapeutics (begelomab, brodalumab, elotuzumab, ixekizumab, necitumumab, obiltoxaximab, reslizumab) are in regulatory review, and thus a similar number, if not more, are projected to gain first approvals in 2016...
2016: MAbs
Roland Morley, Alison Cardenas, Peter Hawkins, Yasuyo Suzuki, Virginia Paton, See-Chun Phan, Mark Merchant, Jessie Hsu, Wei Yu, Qi Xia, Daniel Koralek, Patricia Luhn, Wassim Aldairy
BACKGROUND: Onartuzumab, a recombinant humanized monovalent monoclonal antibody directed against MET, the receptor for the hepatocyte growth factor, has been investigated for the treatment of solid tumors. This publication describes the safety profile of onartuzumab in patients with solid tumors using data from the global onartuzumab clinical development program. METHODS: Adverse event (AE) and laboratory data from onartuzumab phase II/III studies were analyzed and coded into standardized terms according to industry standards...
2015: PloS One
V Diéras, M Campone, D A Yardley, G Romieu, V Valero, S J Isakoff, H Koeppen, T R Wilson, Y Xiao, D S Shames, S Mocci, M Chen, P Schmid
BACKGROUND: Increased hepatocyte growth factor/MET signaling is associated with an aggressive phenotype and poor prognosis in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). We evaluated the benefit of adding onartuzumab, a monoclonal anti-MET antibody, to paclitaxel with/without bevacizumab in patients with TNBC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Women with metastatic TNBC were randomized to receive onartuzumab plus placebo plus weekly paclitaxel (OP; n = 60) or onartuzumab plus bevacizumab plus paclitaxel (OBP; n = 63) or placebo plus bevacizumab plus paclitaxel (BP; n = 62)...
September 2015: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Marcin Nicoś, Paweł Krawczyk, Bożena Jarosz, Marek Sawicki, Justyna Szumiłło, Tomasz Trojanowski, Janusz Milanowski
KRAS mutations are associated with tumor resistance to EGFR TKIs (erlotinib, gefitinib) and to monoclonal antibody against EGFR (cetuximab). Targeted treatment of mutated RAS patients is still considered as a challenge. Inhibitors of c-Met (onartuzumab or tiwantinib) and MEK (selumetinib-a dual inhibitor of MEK1 and MEK2) signaling pathways showed activity in patients with mutations in KRAS that can became an effective approach in carriers of such disorders. BRAF mutation is very rare in patients with NSCLC, and its presence is associated with sensitivity of tumor cells to BRAF inhibitors (vemurafenib, dabrafenib)...
May 2016: Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Christian Rolfo, Nele Van Der Steen, Patrick Pauwels, Federico Cappuzzo
The development of targeted therapies has led to a revolution in non-small-cell lung cancer, and opened up possibilities for improved personalized medicine. With the constant findings of new targets, a lot of inhibitors are being developed. However, reliable biomarkers are urgently needed. The design of clinical trials needs to become more flexible in order to obtain the best results and gain the US FDA/EMEA approval for the new drugs. A recent example of a failed trial is the Phase III MetLung trial that compared the effects of the c-MET monovalent antibody onartuzumab with erlotinib versus erlotinib alone in late-stage non-small-cell lung cancer...
May 2015: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
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