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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335085/modifications-in-dietary-and-alcohol-intakes-between-before-and-after-cancer-diagnosis-results-from-the-prospective-population-based-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-cohort
#1
Philippine Fassier, Laurent Zelek, Lucie Lécuyer, Patrick Bachmann, Marina Touillaud, Nathalie Druesne-Pecollo, Pilar Galan, Patrice Cohen, Hélène Hoarau, Paule Latino-Martel, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Julia Baudry, Serge Hercberg, Mélanie Deschasaux, Mathilde Touvier
Post-diagnosis diet and alcohol consumption may be associated with cancer prognosis, recurrence and mortality. Our aim was to investigate food, nutrient and alcohol intake variations between before and after cancer diagnosis and their determinants in a prospective cohort. Subjects (n=696) were incident cancer cases diagnosed in the NutriNet-Santé cohort between 2009 and 2016. Food, nutrient and alcohol intakes were prospectively collected using repeated non-consecutive 24-h dietary records since subjects' inclusion (i...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334909/changes-in-awareness-of-cancer-risk-factors-among-adult-new-zealanders-caanz-2001-to-2015
#2
R Richards, B McNoe, E Iosua, A I Reeder, R Egan, L Marsh, L Robertson, B Maclennan, A Dawson, R Quigg, A-C Petersen
Behaviour change, specifically that which decreases cancer risk, is an essential element of cancer control. Little information is available about how awareness of risk factors may be changing over time. This study describes the awareness of cancer risk behaviours among adult New Zealanders in two cross-sectional studies conducted in 2001 and 2014/5.Telephone interviews were conducted in 2001 (n = 436) and 2014/5 (n = 1064). Participants were asked to recall things they can do to reduce their risk of cancer...
February 27, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326003/effects-of-organic-food-consumption-on-human-health-the-jury-is-still-out
#3
Marcin Barański, Leonidas Rempelos, Per Ole Iversen, Carlo Leifert
The most recent systematic literature reviews and meta-analyses have indicated significant and nutritionally-relevant composition differences between organic and conventional foods. This included higher antioxidant, but lower cadmium and pesticide levels in organic crops, and higher omega-3 fatty acids concentrations in organic meat and dairy products. Also, results from a small number of human cohort studies indicate that there are positive associations between organic food consumption and reduced risk/incidence of certain acute diseases (e...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325079/dietary-guidelines-for-the-asia-pacific-region
#4
Colin W Binns, Mi Kyung Lee, Masaharu Kagawa, Wah Yun Low, Qiu Liqian, Georgia S Guldan, Tomiko Hokama, Keiko Nanishi, Sreymom Oy, Li Tang, Alfred Zerfas
Nutrition is a major determinant of health throughout all stages of life and together with smoking is the most important risk factor for morbidity and mortality in the Asia Pacific Region. The workshop participants examined Dietary Guidelines and Food Guides that are in use in our region, together with additional materials from the World Health Organization, UNICEF and the World Cancer Research Foundation. The resulting set of guidelines is meant as a reminder of the main issues to be covered in a general public health education program...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315418/importance-of-perceived-naturalness-for-acceptance-of-food-additives-and-cultured-meat
#5
Michael Siegrist, Bernadette Sütterlin
Four experiments examined some factors influencing the perceived naturalness of food products and their biasing effect on risk perception. The results of Experiment 1a showed that three food additives displaying their respective E-numbers (i.e., codes for food additives in the European Union and Switzerland) decreased perceived naturalness. Experiment 1b demonstrated that mentioning possible health effects decreased the perceived naturalness of a plant-based food additive. This experiment further showed that it would not matter for perceived naturalness whether the food was synthetic or nature-identical...
March 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303381/differences-in-dietary-intake-during-chemotherapy-in-breast-cancer-patients-compared-to-women-without-cancer
#6
Y C de Vries, M M G A van den Berg, J H M de Vries, S Boesveldt, J Th C M de Kruif, N Buist, A Haringhuizen, M Los, D W Sommeijer, J H N Timmer-Bonte, H W M van Laarhoven, M Visser, E Kampman, R M Winkels
PURPOSE: Breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy often experience symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite that potentially affect dietary habits. This study assessed the intake of energy, macronutrients and food groups before and during chemotherapy in breast cancer patients compared with women without cancer, and determined the association between symptoms and energy and macronutrient intake. METHODS: This study included 117 newly diagnosed breast cancer patients scheduled for chemotherapy and 88 women without cancer...
March 16, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294968/nutrients-and-the-pancreas-an-epigenetic-perspective
#7
REVIEW
Andee Weisbeck, Rick J Jansen
Pancreatic cancer is the fourth most common cause of cancer-related deaths with a dismal average five-year survival rate of six percent. Substitutional progress has been made in understanding how pancreatic cancer develops and progresses. Evidence is mounting which demonstrates that diet and nutrition are key factors in carcinogenesis. In particular, diets low in folate and high in fruits, vegetables, red/processed meat, and saturated fat have been identified as pancreatic cancer risk factors with a proposed mechanism involving epigenetic modifications or gene regulation...
March 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288429/human-health-risk-assessment-of-ddts-and-hchs-through-dietary-exposure-in-nanjing-china
#8
Qianqian Zhang, Zhonghuan Xia, Minmin Wu, Liping Wang, Hao Yang
In a market based study in Nanjing, a typical southeast city in China, the most common consumed 23 kinds of foods from eleven different categories (vegetable, fruit, fish, pork, livestock meat, chicken, egg, milk, oil, rice and flour) were sampled in November 2015. The concentrations of DDTs and HCHs in foods were analyzed using gas chromatography with mass spectrometer detector. The residual amounts of DDTs and HCHs in foods were 0.95-3.53 ng g(-1) and 0.32-1.96 ng g(-1), respectively. The highest residual of ∑10OCPs was 4...
March 6, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288186/diet-and-biliary-tract-cancer-risk-in-shanghai-china
#9
Shakira M Nelson, Yu-Tang Gao, Leticia M Nogueira, Ming-Chang Shen, Bingsheng Wang, Asif Rashid, Ann W Hsing, Jill Koshiol
Trends in biliary tract cancer incidence rates have increased in Shanghai, China. These trends have coincided with economic and developmental growth, as well as a shift in dietary patterns to a more Westernized diet. To examine the effect of dietary changes on incident disease, we evaluated associations between diet and biliary tract cancers amongst men and women from a population-based case-control study in Shanghai, China. Biliary tract cancer cases were recruited from 42 collaborating hospitals in urban Shanghai, and population-based controls were randomly selected from the Shanghai Household Registry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277304/low-adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-in-adult-childhood-cancer-survivors
#10
Fabiën Belle, Laura Wengenroth, Annette Weiss, Grit Sommer, Maja Beck Popovic, Marc Ansari, Murielle Bochud, Claudia Kuehni
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Poor diet may increase the risk that childhood cancer survivors (CCS) will suffer from chronic disease. We compared adherence to national dietary recommendations between CCS, their siblings and the Swiss population, identified determinants of adherence, and assessed the association of adherence with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk profiles. METHODS: As part of the Swiss Childhood Cancer Survivor Study (SCCSS), a questionnaire was sent to all Swiss resident CCS aged <21 years at diagnosis, who survived ≥5 years and were 16-45 years old at the time of the survey...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264695/the-feasibility-of-the-prostate-cancer-evidence-of-exercise-and-nutrition-trial-prevent-dietary-and-physical-activity-modifications-a-qualitative-study
#11
Ellie Shingler, Lucy Hackshaw-McGeagh, Luke Robles, Raj Persad, Anthony Koupparis, Edward Rowe, Constance Shiridzinomwa, Amit Bahl, Richard M Martin, J Athene Lane
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that low levels of physical activity and diets low in fruit and vegetables and high in meat and dairy products are risk factors for prostate cancer disease progression. The Prostate cancer: Evidence of Exercise and Nutrition Trial (PrEvENT) aimed to assess a diet and physical activity intervention in men undergoing radical prostatectomy for localized prostate cancer. The trial included a qualitative component to explore the experiences of men participating in the trial in order to understand the acceptability of the intervention and data collection methods...
March 7, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257827/recent-advances-on-bisphenol-a-and-endocrine-disruptor-effects-on-human-prostate-cancer
#12
Marzia Di Donato, Gustavo Cernera, Pia Giovannelli, Giovanni Galasso, Antonio Bilancio, Antimo Migliaccio, Gabriella Castoria
Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are man-made substances widespread in the environment that include, among many others, bisphenol A (BPA), organochlorinated pesticides and hormone derivatives detectable in meat from animals raised in concentrated animal feeding operations. Increasing evidence indicates that EDCs have a negative impact on human health as well as on male and female fertility. They may also be associated with some endocrine diseases and increased incidence of breast and prostate cancer. This review aims to summarize available data on the (potential) impact of some common EDCs, focusing particularly on BPA, prostate cancer and their mechanisms of action...
February 28, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256076/meat-consumption-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-in-japan-the-takayama-study
#13
Keiko Wada, Shino Oba, Michiko Tsuji, Takashi Tamura, Kie Konishi, Yuko Goto, Fumi Mizuta, Sachi Koda, Akihiro Hori, Shinobu Tanabashi, Shogen Matsushita, Naoki Tokimitsu, Chisato Nagata
Compared with the abundant data from Western countries, evidence regarding meat consumption and colorectal cancer is limited in the Japanese population. We evaluated colorectal cancer risk in relation to meat consumption in a population-based prospective cohort study in Japan. Participants were 13,957 men and 16,374 women aged ≥35 years in September 1992. Meat intake, assessed with a validated food frequency questionnaire, was controlled for the total energy intake. The incidence of colorectal cancer was confirmed through regional population-based cancer registries and histological identification from colonoscopy in two main hospitals in the study area...
March 3, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254173/adherence-to-healthy-lifestyle-and-cardiovascular-diseases-in-the-chinese%C3%A2-population
#14
Jun Lv, Canqing Yu, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Xuefeng Tang, Weiyuan Zhang, Yijian Qian, Yuelong Huang, Xiaoping Wang, Junshi Chen, Zhengming Chen, Lu Qi, Liming Li
BACKGROUND: Adherence to a combination of healthy lifestyle factors has been related to a considerable reduction of cardiovascular risk in white populations; however, little is known whether such associations persist in nonwhite populations like the Asian population. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the associations of a combination of modifiable, healthy lifestyle factors with the risks of ischemic cardiovascular diseases and estimate the proportion of diseases that could potentially be prevented by adherence to these healthy lifestyle patterns...
March 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252454/ingested-nitrate-disinfection-by-products-and-kidney-cancer-risk-in-older-women
#15
Rena R Jones, Peter J Weyer, Curt T Dellavalle, Kim Robien, Kenneth P Cantor, Stuart Krasner, Laura E Beane Freeman, Mary H Ward
BACKGROUND: N-nitroso compounds formed endogenously after nitrate/nitrite ingestion are animal renal carcinogens. Previous epidemiologic studies of drinking water nitrate did not evaluate other potentially toxic water contaminants, including the suspected renal carcinogen chloroform. METHODS: In a cohort of postmenopausal women in Iowa (1986-2010), we used historical measurements to estimate long-term average concentrations of nitrate-nitrogen (NO3-N) and disinfection byproducts (DBP) in public water supplies...
March 1, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249935/an-adolescent-and-early-adulthood-dietary-pattern-associated-with-inflammation-and-the-incidence-of-breast-cancer
#16
Holly R Harris, Walter C Willett, Rita L Vaidya, Karin B Michels
Adolescence is a highly susceptible period for mammary carcinogenesis, but few prospective studies have examined the role of adolescent diet in breast cancer risk. Reduced rank regression has previously been used to identify a dietary pattern associated with markers of inflammation (C-reactive protein, IL6, and TNFα receptor 2). We investigated whether an adolescent and early adulthood inflammatory dietary pattern was associated with breast cancer among 45,204 women in the Nurses' Health Study II using reduced rank regression...
March 1, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247859/identification-of-major-dietary-patterns-in-korean-adults-and-their-association-with-cancer-risk-in-the-cancer-screening-examination-cohort
#17
G-A Wie, Y-A Cho, H-H Kang, K A Ryu, M-K Yoo, J Kim, S Shin, O K Chun, H Joung
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Cancer is the primary cause of disease-related death in Korea. The purposes of this study were to confirm the major dietary patterns and to evaluate whether there were associations between these identified dietary patterns and the risk of cancer based on data from the Cancer Screening Examination Cohort (CSEC) 2004-2008 of the National Cancer Center (NCC) of Korea. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This study included 8 024 subjects who completed a written survey on demographics and lifestyles, as well as a 3-day dietary record...
March 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241470/pancreatic-exocrine-insufficiency-in-pancreatic-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Miroslav Vujasinovic, Roberto Valente, Marco Del Chiaro, Johan Permert, J-Matthias Löhr
Abstract: Cancer patients experience weight loss for a variety of reasons, commencing with the tumor's metabolism (Warburg effect) and proceeding via cachexia to loss of appetite. In pancreatic cancer, several other factors are involved, including a loss of appetite with a particular aversion to meat and the incapacity of the pancreatic gland to function normally when a tumor is present in the pancreatic head. Pancreatic exocrine insufficiency is characterized by a deficiency of the enzymes secreted from the pancreas due to the obstructive tumor, resulting in maldigestion...
February 23, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238182/quantifying-trace-elements-in-the-emitted-particulate-matter-during-cooking-and-health-risk-assessment
#19
Soudabeh Gorjinezhad, Aiymgul Kerimray, Mehdi Amouei Torkmahalleh, Melek Keleş, Fatma Ozturk, Philip K Hopke
Particulate matter (PM) measurements were conducted during heating corn oil, heating corn oil mixed with the table salt and heating low fat ground beef meat using a PTFE-coated aluminum pan on an electric stove with low ventilation. The main objectives of this study were to measure the size segregated mass concentrations, emission rates, and fluxes of 24 trace elements emitted during heating cooking oil or oil with salt and cooking meat. Health risk assessments were performed based on the resulting exposure to trace elements from such cooking activities...
February 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238104/microbial-carcinogenic-toxins-and-dietary-anti-cancer-protectants
#20
REVIEW
Trevor W Stone, L Gail Darlington
Several toxins are known which account for the ability of some bacteria to initiate or promote carcinogenesis. These ideas are summarised and evidence is discussed for more specific mechanisms involving chymotrypsin and the bacterial chymotryptic enzyme subtilisin. Subtilisin and Bacillus subtilis are present in the gut and environment and both are used commercially in agriculture, livestock rearing and meat processing. The enzymes deplete cells of tumour suppressors such as deleted in colorectal cancer (DCC) and neogenin, so their potential presence in the food chain might represent an important link between diet and cancer...
February 25, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
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