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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219783/diet-and-other-lifestyle-factors-associated-with-prostate-cancer-differ-between-the-german-and-italian-region-of-switzerland
#1
Aline Richard, David Faeh, Matthias Bopp, Sabine Rohrmann
PURPOSE: In Switzerland, prostate cancer mortality is higher in the German than in the Italian-speaking region. We aimed at exploring the association of living in one of the two regions with lifestyle factors presumably lowering the risk of prostate cancer. METHODS: We pooled data from the Swiss Health Survey, conducted every 5 years 1992 - 2012. Information on diet (meat, fish, dairy, fruits and vegetables), alcohol, smoking, physical activity and body mass index were dichotomized into "risky" and "risk-reducing" lifestyle behaviour with respect to prostate cancer...
December 8, 2017: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215604/dietary-factors-and-female-breast-cancer-risk-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Ji Hyun Kim, Jeonghee Lee, So-Youn Jung, Jeongseon Kim
Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer in females and has become a major global health priority. This prospective cohort study investigated the association of dietary factors, including food items and dietary habits, with the risk of breast cancer in Korean women. Study participants were women aged 30 years or older, recruited from the National Cancer Center in South Korea between August 2002 and May 2007. They were followed until December 2014 using the Korea Central Cancer Registry to identify breast cancer cases...
December 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211694/prevention-of-bladder-cancer-incidence-and-recurrence-nutrition-and-lifestyle
#3
Christian D Fankhauser, Hugh Mostafid
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the influence of nutrition and lifestyle on bladder cancer incidence and recurrence and summarize food items, diets and lifestyle practices that physicians may wish to prioritize for discussion with their patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent study results suggest an association between bladder cancer incidence and several food items including meat, fruit, vegetables, milk products and oil. Micronutrient deficiency is associated with bladder cancer risk; however, it remains unclear if micronutrient supplementation can modify bladder cancer incidence...
January 2018: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210053/food-groups-and-risk-of-colorectal-cancer
#4
Lukas Schwingshackl, Carolina Schwedhelm, Georg Hoffmann, Sven Knüppel, Anne Laure Preterre, Khalid Iqbal, Angela Bechthold, Stefaan De Henauw, Nathalie Michels, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Heiner Boeing, Sabrina Schlesinger
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to summarize the evidence on the relation between intake of 12 major food groups, including whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruit, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages with risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). We conducted a systematic search in PubMed and Embase for prospective studies investigating the association between these 12 food groups and risk of CRC until April 2017. Summary risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated using a random effects model for high vs...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209460/association-of-dietary-patterns-with-overweight-risk-and-all-cause-mortality-in-children-with-cancer
#5
Eunjin So, Jeeyeon Kim, Sehwa Joo, Jisun Lee, Hyojee Joung
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the association of dietary patterns with overweight risk and all-cause mortality in pediatric cancer patients. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Prospective cohort study was undertaken; 83 cancer patients admitted to the pediatric cancer ward at a university hospital in Seoul were included and followed for obesity and death over 24 months. Food consumption data were collected from patients using validated meal order sheets for breakfast, lunch, and dinner at the pediatric cancer ward over 3 days...
December 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206915/phylogenetic-distribution-of-cmp-neu5ac-hydroxylase-cmah-the-enzyme-synthetizing-the-pro-inflammatory-human-xeno-antigen-neu5gc
#6
Sateesh Peri, Asmita Kulkarni, Felix Feyertag, Patricia M Berninsone, David Alvarez-Ponce
The enzyme CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid hydroxylase (CMAH) is responsible for the synthesis of N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc), a sialic acid present on the cell surface proteins of most deuterostomes. The CMAH gene is thought to be present in most deuterostomes, but it has been inactivated in a number of lineages, including humans. The inability of humans to synthesize Neu5Gc has had several evolutionary and biomedical implications. Remarkably, Neu5Gc is a xenoantigen for humans, and consumption of Neu5Gc-containing foods, such as red meats, may promote inflammation, arthritis and cancer...
November 30, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185090/meat-consumption-and-pancreatic-cancer-risk-among-men-and-women-in-the-cancer-prevention-study-ii-nutrition-cohort
#7
Marjorie L McCullough, Eric J Jacobs, Roma Shah, Peter T Campbell, Ying Wang, Terryl J Hartman, Susan M Gapstur
PURPOSE: Prospective cohort studies suggest that red and processed meat consumption is associated with increased risk of pancreatic cancer among men, but not women. However, evidence is limited, and less evidence exists for other types of meat. METHODS: Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HR) for the association of meat consumption, by type, with pancreatic cancer risk among 138,266 men and women in the Cancer Prevention Study-II Nutrition Cohort...
November 28, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172267/breast-cancer-risk-assessment-using-the-gail-model-and-it%C3%A2-s-predictors-in-saudi-women
#8
Hala Hazam Al Otaibi
Background: The Gail Model has been widely implemented in developed and developing countries and is considered to be the best available instrument to estimate breast cancer (BC) risk for early prevention. Objective: The goals of the study were to determine five-year and lifetime BC risks and to assess BC predictors among female Saudi teachers using the Gail model. Methods: A cross sectional study with convenience sampling was conducted among 180 female Saudi secondary school teachers. The Gail model was used to evaluate the five-year and lifetime risks of developing BC...
November 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166141/adherence-to-the-wcrf-aicr-for-women-in-breast-cancer-adjuvant-treatment-submitted-to-educational-nutritional-intervention
#9
Sheyla de Liz, Francilene Gracieli Kunradi Vieira, Maria Alice Altenburg de Assis, Alyne Lizane Cardoso, Clarice Perucchi Lopes Pazini, Patricia Faria Di Pietro
Patients undergoing breast cancer treatment are susceptible to changes in eating behavior and nutrition status, thus making nutrition education relevant. Based on the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) guide, with recommendations for cancer prevention released in 2007, the present study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of educational nutritional intervention for women with breast cancer undergoing treatment while adhering to the 2007 WCRF/AICR guidelines. A nonrandomized clinical trial was conducted with a population composed of female patients, divided in intervention (IG, n = 18) and comparison (CG, n = 68) groups...
November 22, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160902/proportion-and-number-of-cancer-cases-and-deaths-attributable-to-potentially-modifiable-risk-factors-in-the-united-states
#10
Farhad Islami, Ann Goding Sauer, Kimberly D Miller, Rebecca L Siegel, Stacey A Fedewa, Eric J Jacobs, Marjorie L McCullough, Alpa V Patel, Jiemin Ma, Isabelle Soerjomataram, W Dana Flanders, Otis W Brawley, Susan M Gapstur, Ahmedin Jemal
Contemporary information on the fraction of cancers that potentially could be prevented is useful for priority setting in cancer prevention and control. Herein, the authors estimate the proportion and number of invasive cancer cases and deaths, overall (excluding nonmelanoma skin cancers) and for 26 cancer types, in adults aged 30 years and older in the United States in 2014, that were attributable to major, potentially modifiable exposures (cigarette smoking; secondhand smoke; excess body weight; alcohol intake; consumption of red and processed meat; low consumption of fruits/vegetables, dietary fiber, and dietary calcium; physical inactivity; ultraviolet radiation; and 6 cancer-associated infections)...
November 21, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139048/high-adherence-to-the-western-prudent-and-mediterranean-dietary-patterns-and-risk-of-gastric-adenocarcinoma-mcc-spain-study
#11
Adela Castelló, Nerea Fernández de Larrea, Vicente Martín, Verónica Dávila-Batista, Elena Boldo, Marcela Guevara, Víctor Moreno, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Inés Gómez-Acebo, Guillermo Fernández-Tardón, Rosana Peiró, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, Rocio Capelo, Carmen Navarro, Silvino Pacho-Valbuena, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Manolis Kogevinas, Marina Pollán, Nuria Aragonés
BACKGROUND: The influence of dietary habits on the development of gastric adenocarcinoma is not clear. The objective of the present study was to explore the association of three previously identified dietary patterns with gastric adenocarcinoma by sex, age, cancer site, and morphology. METHODS: MCC-Spain is a multicase-control study that included 295 incident cases of gastric adenocarcinoma and 3040 controls. The association of the Western, Prudent, and Mediterranean dietary patterns-derived in another Spanish case-control study-with gastric adenocarcinoma was assessed using multivariable logistic regression models with random province-specific intercepts and considering a possible interaction with sex and age...
November 14, 2017: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137344/red-and-processed-meat-consumption-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Zhanwei Zhao, Quanxin Feng, Zifang Yin, Jianbo Shuang, Bin Bai, Pengfei Yu, Min Guo, Qingchuan Zhao
The associations between red and processed meat consumption and the risk of colorectal cancer types have not been conclusively defined. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to analyze these associations. We searched PubMed and EMBASE to identify studies published from inception through September 2016. Dose-response, subgroup and subtype analyses of colorectal cancer (colon cancer, proximal colon cancer, distal colon cancer and rectal cancer) were performed. We ultimately selected 60 eligible studies...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129231/the-association-between-the-index-of-nutritional-quality-inq-and-breast-cancer-and-the-evaluation-of-nutrient-intake-of-breast-cancer-patients-a-case-control-study
#13
Farhad Vahid, Mahshid Hatami, Mahya Sadeghi, Fatemeh Ameri, Zeinab Faghfoori, Sayed Hossein Davoodi
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer (BrCa) is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among females and second cancer after lung cancer in many societies. In Iran, the risk for BrCa is 1 in 35 and each year, 8000 new patients have been diagnosed with BrCa. Studies have shown that dietary components are implicated in the etiology of BrCa. The Index of Nutritional Quality (INQ) is a method of quantitative and qualitative analysis of single foods, meals, and diets. The aim of this study was to determine the usefulness of INQs in predicting BrCa risk...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117118/diet-and-asthma-is-it-time-to-adapt-our-message
#14
REVIEW
Laurent Guilleminault, Evan J Williams, Hayley A Scott, Bronwyn S Berthon, Megan Jensen, Lisa G Wood
Asthma is a chronic respiratory disorder which is associated with airway inflammation. Environmental factors, in association with genetic susceptibility, play a critical role in asthma pathophysiology. Inhaled allergens, smoke exposure, indoor and outdoor air pollution are common triggers of asthma symptoms. Although the role of diet has clearly established mechanisms in diseases such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and cancer, it is not commonly identified as a causal factor in asthma. However, some dietary patterns, such as the Western diet, which includes a high intake of refined grains, processed and red meats, and desserts, have pro-inflammatory effects...
November 8, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104517/lifestyle-after-colorectal-cancer-diagnosis-in-relation-to-survival-and-recurrence-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Moniek van Zutphen, Ellen Kampman, Edward L Giovannucci, Fränzel J B van Duijnhoven
Purpose of Review: This review summarizes the evidence regarding diet, physical activity, smoking, and body composition after colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnosis in relation to all-cause and CRC-specific mortality and disease recurrence and gives suggestions for future research directions. Recent Findings: Overall, this review suggests that some, albeit not all, of the well-known modifiable risk factors for cancer incidence might also be associated with CRC survival...
2017: Current Colorectal Cancer Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096565/dietary-components-that-counteract-the-increased-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-related-to-red-meat-consumption
#16
Arianna Sasso, Giovanni Latella
Western-style diets are associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). In particular, a strong correlation has been documented between CRC and the consumption of large amounts of red meat, especially processed red meat. Compared with white meat, red meat contains high levels of haem iron, a molecule that can exert a variety of genotoxic and other adverse effects on the colonic epithelium. According to current international guidelines, the reduction of red meat intake combined with the consumption of food containing antioxidant and chemoprotective substances may significantly reduce the risk of developing CRC...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079186/investigating-the-association-between-african-spontaneously-fermented-dairy-products-faecal-carriage-of-streptococcus-infantarius-subsp-infantarius-and-colorectal-adenocarcinoma-in-kenya
#17
Dasel W M Kaindi, Wambui Kogi-Makau, Godfrey N Lule, Bernd Kreikemeyer, Pierre Renault, Bassirou Bonfoh, Esther Schelling, Jakob Zinsstag, Christophe Lacroix, Leo Meile, Christoph Jans, Jan Hattendorf
Consumption of traditional fermented dairy products (tFDP) in Africa leads to the ingestion of up to 10(8)Streptococcus infantarius subspecies infantarius (Sii) per millilitre of spontaneously fermented milk. Sii is a member of the Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus equinus complex (SBSEC) for which some members are associated particularly with colorectal cancer or endocarditis. The extent of health risks to tFDP consumers is largely unknown. A hospital-based unmatched case-control study was conducted at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi (Kenya) on 80 cases and 193 controls that were selected exhaustively from patients attending colonoscopy at the hospital...
October 25, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077032/erratum-the-role-of-red-meat-and-flavonoid-consumption-on-cancer-prevention-the-korean-cancer-screening-examination-cohort-nutrients-2017-9-938
#18
So Young Kim, Gyung-Ah Wie, Yeong-Ah Cho, Hyun-Hee Kang, Kyoung-A Ryu, Min-Kyong Yoo, Shinyoung Jun, Seong-Ah Kim, Kyungho Ha, Jeongseon Kim, Yoon Hee Cho, Sangah Shin, Hyojee Joung
The authors have requested the following corrections to their paper [...].
October 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059103/prevention-of-kidney-cancer-incidence-and-recurrence-lifestyle-medication-and-nutrition
#19
Rana Tahbaz, Marianne Schmid, Axel S Merseburger
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The incidence of kidney cancer rises globally with the highest rates in developed countries. This demonstrates the impact of advanced diagnostic imaging but also rising prevalence of modifiable risk factors such as smoking, obesity and hypertension. A literature search was performed with focus on recent studies on risk factors related to lifestyle, medication and nutrition. Further we searched for the effect of cancer prevention strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: Overall, we included 76 studies of the past 5 years...
October 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049045/nutrition-physical-activity-and-lifestyle-factors-in-prostate-cancer-prevention
#20
Eric Ballon-Landa, John Kellogg Parsons
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review current evidence for prostate cancer prevention with nutrition, physical activity, and lifestyle interventions and identify future research directions. RECENT FINDINGS: Multiple preclinical and observational studies have observed that diet, exercise, and lifestyle interventions may play a role in mitigating disease progression, mortality, and overall disease burden for high-grade and fatal prostate cancer. Increased vegetable and fruit intakes, decreased red meat and saturated fat intakes, and increased exercise are potentially associated with decreased risk of incident disease and increased progression-free, prostate cancer-specific, and overall survival...
October 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
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