keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Casein cancer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042609/structural-analysis-of-pim1-kinase-complexes-with-atp-competitive-inhibitors
#1
Jozefina Bogusz, Karol Zrubek, Krzysztof P Rembacz, Przemyslaw Grudnik, Przemyslaw Golik, Malgorzata Romanowska, Benedykt Wladyka, Grzegorz Dubin
PIM1 is an oncogenic kinase overexpressed in a number of cancers where it correlates with poor prognosis. Several studies demonstrated that inhibition of PIM1 activity is an attractive strategy in fighting overexpressing cancers, while distinct structural features of ATP binding pocket make PIM1 an inviting target for the design of selective inhibitors. To facilitate development of specific PIM1 inhibitors, in this study we report three crystal structures of ATP-competitive inhibitors at the ATP binding pocket of PIM1...
October 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033852/activation-of-casein-kinase-ii-by-gallic-acid-induces-bik-bax-bak-mediated-er-ca-ros-dependent-apoptosis-of-human-oral-cancer-cells
#2
Meng-Liang Lin, Shih-Shun Chen
Induction of the generation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) calcium (Ca(++))-mediated reactive oxygen species (ROS) by gallic acid (GA) has been implicated in the mitochondrial apoptotic death of human oral cancer (OC) cells, but the molecular mechanism by which GA causes ER Ca(++) release of OC cells to undergo cell death remains unclear. Here, we report that GA-induced phosphorylation of B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2)-interacting killer (BIK) (threonine (Thr) 33/Serine (Ser) 35) and p53 (Ser 15 and Ser 392), Bcl-2-associated x protein (BAX)/BCL-2 antagonist killer 1 (BAK) oligomerization on the ER and mitochondria, rising of cytosolic Ca(+)(+) and ROS, cytochrome c (Cyt c) release from the mitochondria, Ψm loss, and apoptosis were suppressed in cells co-treated with a specific inhibitor of casein kinase II (CK II) (4,5,6,7-tetrabromobenzotriazole)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945225/oncogenic-ras-induced-ck1%C3%AE-drives-nuclear-foxo-proteolysis
#3
F Zhang, D M Virshup, J K Cheong
Evasion of forkhead box O (FOXO) family of longevity-related transcription factors-mediated growth suppression is necessary to promote cancer development. Since somatic alterations or mutations and transcriptional dysregulation of the FOXO genes are infrequent in human cancers, it remains unclear how these tumour suppressors are eliminated from cancer cells. The protein stability of FOXO3A is regulated by Casein Kinase 1 alpha (CK1α) in an oncogenic RAS-specific manner, but whether this mode of regulation extends to related FOXO family members is unknown...
September 25, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918013/mir-135b-stimulates-osteosarcoma-recurrence-and-lung-metastasis-via-notch-and-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling
#4
Hua Jin, Song Luo, Yun Wang, Chang Liu, Zhenghao Piao, Meng Xu, Wei Guan, Qing Li, Hua Zou, Qun-You Tan, Zhen-Zhou Yang, Yan Wang, Dong Wang, Cheng-Xiong Xu
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) play an important role in osteosarcoma (OS) metastasis and recurrence, and both Wnt/β-catenin and Notch signaling are essential for the development of the biological traits of CSCs. However, the mechanism that underlies the simultaneous hyperactivation of both Wnt/β-catenin and Notch signaling in OS remains unclear. Here, we report that expression of miR-135b correlates with the overall and recurrence-free survival of OS patients, and that miR-135b has an activating effect on both Wnt/β-catenin and Notch signaling...
September 15, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877654/nucks-nuclear-elevated-expression-indicates-progression-and-prognosis-of-ovarian-cancer
#5
Ce Shi, Ling Qin, Hongyu Gao, Lina Gu, Chang Yang, Hebing Liu, Tianbo Liu
NUCKS (nuclear, casein kinase, and cyclin-dependent kinase substrate) is implicated in the tumorigenesis of several human malignancies, but its role in ovarian cancer remains unknown. We aim to investigate NUCKS expression and its clinical significance in ovarian cancer. The messenger RNA expression of NUCKS was determined in normal and malignant ovarian tissues using quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay. Immunohistochemistry was applied to detect the status of NUCKS protein expression in 121 ovarian cancer tissues...
September 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873435/tgf-%C3%AE-signaling-is-an-effective-target-to-impair-survival-and-induce-apoptosis-of-human-cholangiocarcinoma-cells-a-study-on-human-primary-cell-cultures
#6
Anna Maria Lustri, Sabina Di Matteo, Alice Fraveto, Daniele Costantini, Alfredo Cantafora, Chiara Napoletano, Maria Consiglia Bragazzi, Felice Giuliante, Agostino M De Rose, Pasquale B Berloco, Gian Luca Grazi, Guido Carpino, Domenico Alvaro
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) and its subtypes (mucin- and mixed-CCA) arise from the neoplastic transformation of cholangiocytes, the epithelial cells lining the biliary tree. CCA has a high mortality rate owing to its aggressiveness, late diagnosis and high resistance to radiotherapy and chemotherapeutics. We have demonstrated that CCA is enriched for cancer stem cells which express epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) traits, with these features being associated with aggressiveness and drug resistance. TGF-β signaling is upregulated in CCA and involved in EMT...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797931/changes-in-the-gut-microbial-communities-following-addition-of-walnuts-to-the-diet
#7
Lauri O Byerley, Derrick Samuelson, Eugene Blanchard, Meng Luo, Brittany N Lorenzen, Shelia Banks, Monica A Ponder, David A Welsh, Christopher M Taylor
Walnuts are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, phytochemicals and antioxidants making them unique compared to other foods. Consuming walnuts has been associated with health benefits including a reduced risk of heart disease and cancer. Dysbiosis of the gut microbiome has been linked to several chronic diseases. One potential mechanism by which walnuts may exert their health benefit is through modifying the gut microbiome. This study identified the changes in the gut microbial communities that occur following the inclusion of walnuts in the diet...
July 9, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780347/nanoscale-observation-of-the-natural-structure-of-milk-fat-globules-and-casein-micelles-in-the-liquid-condition-using-a-scanning-electron-assisted-dielectric-microscopy
#8
Toshihiko Ogura, Tomoko Okada
Recently, aqueous nanoparticles have been used in drug-delivery systems for new type medicines. In particular, milk-casein micelles have been used as drug nanocarriers for targeting cancer cells. Therefore, nanostructure observation of particles and micelles in their native liquid condition is indispensable for analysing their function and mechanisms. However, traditional optical and scanning electron microscopy have difficulty observing the nanostructures of aqueous micelles. Recently, we developed a novel imaging technique called scanning electron-assisted dielectric microscopy (SE-ADM) that enables observation of various biological specimens in water with very little radiation damage and high-contrast imaging without staining or fixation at an 8-nm spatial resolution...
September 30, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765774/increase-in-dietary-protein-content-exacerbates-colonic-inflammation-and-tumorigenesis-in-azoxymethane-induced-mouse-colon-carcinogenesis
#9
Ka-Hee Tak, Eunyeong Ahn, Eunjung Kim
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) has been attributed to higher intake of fat and protein. However, reports on the relationship between protein intake and CRC are inconsistent, possibly due to the complexity of diet composition. In this study, we addressed a question whether alteration of protein intake is independently associated with colonic inflammation and colon carcinogenesis. MATERIALS/METHODS: Balb/c mice were randomly divided into 4 experimental groups: 20% protein (control, 20P, 20% casein/kg diet), 10% protein (10P, 10% casein/kg diet), 30% protein (30P, 30% casein/kg diet), and 50% protein (50P, 50% casein/kg diet) diet groups and were subjected to azoxymethane-dextran sodium sulfate induced colon carcinogenesis...
August 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748912/a-novel-allosteric-site-in-casein-kinase-2%C3%AE-discovered-using-combining-bioinformatics-and-biochemistry-methods
#10
Hai-Ming Jiang, Jiang-Kai Dong, Kun Song, Tong-Dan Wang, Wen-Kang Huang, Jing-Miao Zhang, Xiu-Yan Yang, Ying Shen, Jian Zhang
Casein kinase 2 (CK2) is a highly pleiotropic serine-threonine kinase, which catalyzed phosphorylation of more than 300 proteins that are implicated in regulation of many cellular functions, such as signal transduction, transcriptional control, apoptosis and the cell cycle. On the other hand, CK2 is abnormally elevated in a variety of tumors, and is considered as a promising therapeutic target. The currently available ATP-competitive CK2 inhibitors, however, lack selectivity, which has impeded their development in cancer therapy...
July 27, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747709/trimethylamine-n-oxide-abolishes-the-chaperone-activity-of-%C3%AE-casein-an-intrinsically-disordered-protein
#11
Mohd Younus Bhat, Laishram Rajendrakumar Singh, Tanveer Ali Dar
Osmolytes (small molecules that help in circumventing stresses) are known to promote protein folding and prevent aggregation in the case of globular proteins. However, the effect of such osmolytes on the structure and function of intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) has not been clearly understood. Here we have investigated the effect of methylamine osmolytes on α-casein (an IDP present in mammalian milk) and discovered that TMAO (Trimethylamine-N-oxide) but not other methylamines renders α-casein functionless...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698370/g9a-coordinates-with-the-rpa-complex-to-promote-dna-damage-repair-and-cell-survival
#12
Qiaoyan Yang, Qian Zhu, Xiaopeng Lu, Yipeng Du, Linlin Cao, Changchun Shen, Tianyun Hou, Meiting Li, Zhiming Li, Chaohua Liu, Di Wu, Xingzhi Xu, Lina Wang, Haiying Wang, Ying Zhao, Yang Yang, Wei-Guo Zhu
Histone methyltransferase G9a has critical roles in promoting cancer-cell growth and gene suppression, but whether it is also associated with the DNA damage response is rarely studied. Here, we report that loss of G9a impairs DNA damage repair and enhances the sensitivity of cancer cells to radiation and chemotherapeutics. In response to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), G9a is phosphorylated at serine 211 by casein kinase 2 (CK2) and recruited to chromatin. The chromatin-enriched G9a can then directly interact with replication protein A (RPA) and promote loading of the RPA and Rad51 recombinase to DSBs...
July 25, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655862/differential-abundance-of-ck1%C3%AE-provides-selectivity-for-pharmacological-ck1%C3%AE-activators-to-target-wnt-dependent-tumors
#13
Bin Li, Darren Orton, Leif R Neitzel, Luisana Astudillo, Chen Shen, Jun Long, Xi Chen, Kellye C Kirkbride, Thomas Doundoulakis, Marcy L Guerra, Julia Zaias, Dennis Liang Fei, Jezabel Rodriguez-Blanco, Curtis Thorne, Zhiqiang Wang, Ke Jin, Dao M Nguyen, Laurence R Sands, Floriano Marchetti, Maria T Abreu, Melanie H Cobb, Anthony J Capobianco, Ethan Lee, David J Robbins
Constitutive WNT activity drives the growth of various human tumors, including nearly all colorectal cancers (CRCs). Despite this prominence in cancer, no WNT inhibitor is currently approved for use in the clinic largely due to the small number of druggable signaling components in the WNT pathway and the substantial toxicity to normal gastrointestinal tissue. We have shown that pyrvinium, which activates casein kinase 1α (CK1α), is a potent inhibitor of WNT signaling. However, its poor bioavailability limited the ability to test this first-in-class WNT inhibitor in vivo...
June 27, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620137/biological-specificity-of-cdk4-6-inhibitors-dose-response-relationship-in-vivo-signaling-and-composite-response-signature
#14
Erik S Knudsen, Jack Hutcheson, Paris Vail, Agnieszka K Witkiewicz
Recently developed potent and selective CDK4/6 inhibitors fall into two classes based on structure and toxicity profiles in clinical studies. One class, exemplified by palbociclib and ribociclib, exhibits neutropenia as a dose-limiting toxicity and requires discontinuous dosing. In contrast, the structurally distinct CDK4/6 inhibitor abemaciclib is dosed continuously, and has diarrhea and fatigue as dose-limiting toxicities. In preclinical models, palbociclib has been extensively studied and induces cell cycle inhibition in an RB-dependent manner...
July 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612231/epsilon-aminocaproic-acid-prevents-high-glucose-and-insulin-induced-invasiveness-in-mda-mb-231-breast-cancer-cells-modulating-the-plasminogen-activator-system
#15
Rubí Viedma-Rodríguez, María Guadalupe Martínez-Hernández, Luis Antonio Flores-López, Luis Arturo Baiza-Gutman
Obesity and type II diabetes mellitus have contributed to the increase of breast cancer incidence worldwide. High glucose concentration promotes the proliferation of metastatic cells, favoring the activation of the plasminogen/plasmin system, thus contributing to tumor progression. The efficient formation of plasmin is dependent on the binding of plasminogen to the cell surface. We studied the effect of ε-aminocaproic acid (EACA), an inhibitor of the binding of plasminogen to cell surface, on proliferation, migration, invasion, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and plasminogen activation system, in metastatic MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells grown in a high glucose microenvironment and treated with insulin...
June 13, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542880/suicidal-death-of-erythrocytes-in-cancer-and-its-chemotherapy-a-potential-target-in-the-treatment-of-tumor-associated-anemia
#16
REVIEW
Elisabeth Lang, Rosi Bissinger, Syed M Qadri, Florian Lang
In analogy to apoptosis of nucleated cells, erythrocytes may enter eryptosis characterized by cell shrinkage and cell membrane scrambling. Eryptotic erythrocytes are rapidly cleared from circulating blood and may adhere to the vascular wall. Stimulation of eryptosis thus impairs microcirculation and leads to anemia as soon as the loss of erythrocytes cannot be fully compensated by enhanced erythropoiesis. Signaling stimulating eryptosis includes increase of cytosolic Ca(2+) -activity, ceramide, caspases, calpain, p38-kinase, protein-kinase C, Janus-activated kinase 3, casein-kinase 1α, and cyclin-dependent kinase 4...
October 15, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535537/triggering-of-suicidal-erythrocyte-death-by-exemestane
#17
Abdulla Al Mamun Bhuyan, Rosi Bissinger, Hang Cao, Florian Lang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The steroidal aromatase inactivator exemestane blocks estrogen biosynthesis and is thus employed for the prevention and treatment of breast cancer. Exemestane is in part effective by stimulation of suicidal cell death or apoptosis. Side effects of exemestane treatment include anemia. At least in theory, exemestane induced anemia could be secondary to stimulation of suicidal erythrocyte death or eryptosis, characterized by cell shrinkage and cell membrane scrambling with phosphatidylserine translocation to the erythrocyte surface...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533810/tc003132-is-essential-for-the-follicle-stem-cell-lineage-in-telotrophic-tribolium-oogenesis
#18
Matthias Teuscher, Nadi Ströhlein, Markus Birkenbach, Dorothea Schultheis, Michael Schoppmeier
BACKGROUND: Stem cells are undifferentiated cells with a potential for self-renewal, which are essential to support normal development and homeostasis. To gain insight into the molecular mechanisms underlying adult stem cell biology and organ evolution, we use the telotrophic ovary of the beetle Tribolium. To this end, we participated in a large-scale RNAi screen in the red flour beetle Tribolium, which identified functions in embryonic and postembryonic development for more than half of the Tribolium genes...
2017: Frontiers in Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487075/n-1h-pyrazol-3-yl-quinazolin-4-amines-as-a-novel-class-of-casein-kinase-1%C3%AE-%C3%AE%C2%B5-inhibitors-synthesis-biological-evaluation-and-molecular-modeling-studies
#19
Chandrabose Karthikeyan, Pramod Jharia, Digambar Kumar Waiker, Amy Catherine Nusbaum, Haneen Amawi, Erin Marie Kirwen, Ryann Christman, Sri Krishna Chaitanya Arudra, Laurent Meijer, Amit K Tiwari, Piyush Trivedi
Described herein is the design, synthesis and biological evaluation of a series of N-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)quinazolin-4-amines against a panel of eight disease relevant protein kinases. The kinase inhibition results indicated that two compounds inhibited casein kinase 1δ/ε (CK1δ/ε) with some selectivity over related kinases, namely CDK5/p25, GSK-3α/β, and DYRK1A. Docking studies with 3c and 3d revealed the key interactions with desired amino acids in the ATP binding site of CK1δ. Furthermore, compound 3c also elicited selective cytotoxic activity against the pancreas ductal adenocarcinoma (PANC-1) cell line...
June 15, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483348/buffalo-casein-derived-peptide-can-alleviates-h2o2-induced-cellular-damage-and-necrosis-in-fibroblast-cells
#20
Savita Devi, Naveen Kumar, Suman Kapila, Sanusi Bello Mada, Srinu Reddi, Rishika Vij, Rajeev Kapila
Oxidative stress is one of a critical pathogenic factor in the progression of aging and chronic diseases such as cancer, myocardial inflammation and diabetes. In the present scenario, peptides with short half life and more biological specificities are gaining much attention as prodrugs. Thus, the present investigation carried out to screen potential antioxidative peptide, VLPVPQK to cope with the cellular oxidative damage. Our results showed that treatment of rat fibroblast cells with 0.2mM H2O2 for 6h significantly declined different oxidative stress biomarkers such as SOD, CAT, GSH, and promoted LDH activity...
May 5, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
keyword
keyword
99706
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"