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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913848/increased-fetal-adiposity-prior-to-diagnosis-of-gestational-diabetes-in-south-asians-more-evidence-for-the-thin-fat-baby
#1
Hema Venkataraman, Uma Ram, Sam Craik, Anuradhai Arungunasekaran, Suresh Seshadri, Ponnusamy Saravanan
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with an increased future risk of obesity in the offspring. Increased adiposity has been observed in the newborns of women with GDM. Our aim was to examine early fetal adiposity in women with GDM. METHODS: Obstetric and sonographic data was collated for 153 women with GDM and 178 controls from a single centre in Chennai, India. Fetal head circumference (HC), abdominal circumference (AC), femur length (FL) and biparietal diameter (BPD) were recorded at 11, 20 and 32 weeks...
December 2, 2016: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909371/inter-rectus-distance-measurement-using-ultrasound-imaging-does-the-rater-matter
#2
Nadia Keshwani, Nicole Hills, Linda McLean
Purpose: To investigate the interrater reliability of inter-rectus distance (IRD) measured from ultrasound images acquired at rest and during a head-lift task in parous women and to establish the standard error of measurement (SEM) and minimal detectable change (MDC) between two raters. Methods: Two physiotherapists independently acquired ultrasound images of the anterior abdominal wall from 17 parous women and measured IRD at four locations along the linea alba: at the superior border of the umbilicus, at 3 cm and 5 cm above the superior border of the umbilicus, and at 3 cm below the inferior border of the umbilicus...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908971/13n-ammonia-pet-ct-detection-of-myocardial-perfusion-abnormalities-in-beagle-dogs-after-local-heart-irradiation
#3
Jianbo Song, Rui Yan, Zhifang Wu, Jianguo Li, Min Yan, Xinzhong Hao, Jianzhong Liu, Sijin Li
: To determine the potential value of (13)N-ammonia positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) for detection of myocardial perfusion changes at early stage induced by radiation damage. METHODS: Thirty-six Beagle dogs were randomly divided into the control (n = 18) or the irradiation groups (n = 18). The irradiation group underwent local irradiation to the left ventricular anterior cardiac wall with a single dose of 20 Gy, whereas the control group received sham irradiation...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908279/co-existing-intracranial-and-extracranial-carotid-artery-atherosclerotic-plaques-and-recurrent-stroke-risk-a-three-dimensional-multicontrast-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-study
#4
Yilan Xu, Chun Yuan, Zechen Zhou, Le He, Donghua Mi, Rui Li, Yuanyuan Cui, Yilong Wang, Yongjun Wang, Gaifen Liu, Zhuozhao Zheng, Xihai Zhao
BACKGROUND: As a systemic disease, atherosclerosis commonly affects intracranial and extracranial carotid arteries simultaneously which is defined as co-existing plaques. Previous studies demonstrated that co-existing atherosclerotic diseases are significantly associated with ischemic cerebrovascular events. The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of co-existing intracranial and extracranial carotid atherosclerotic plaques and their relationships with recurrent stroke by using 3D multi-contrast magnetic resonance (MR) vessel wall imaging...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907128/fasa-registry-on-acute-myocardial-infarction-farmi-feasibility-study-and-pilot-phase-results
#5
Ehsan Bahramali, Alireza Askari, Habib Zakeri, Mojtaba Farjam, Azizallah Dehghan, Kazem Zendehdel
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction (MI) is the leading cause of death in Iran. Every attempt to improve treatment patterns and patient outcomes needs a surveillance system to both consider the efficacy and safety measures. Fasa Registry on Myocardial Infarction (FaRMI) is the first population-based registry for acute MI in Iran targeted to provide meticulous description of patients' characteristics, to explore the management patterns of these patients, to discover the degree of adherence to the practice guidelines, and to investigate the determinants of poor in-hospital and later outcomes...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906848/calculation-of-an-optic-nerve-injury-risk-profile-before-sphenoid-sinus-surgery
#6
Erdem Atalay Cetinkaya, Koray Koc, Mehmet Fatih Kucuk, Pinar Koc, Nuray Bayar Muluk, Cemal Cingi
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to analyze variations in the optic nerve (ON) course and surrounding structures in an effort to construct an optic nerve injury risk profile before endoscopic intranasal sphenoidal, or endoscopic endonasal transphenoidal, skull-base surgery, and eventually to construct and formulate a common classification by combining the known classes. The authors used computed tomography (CT) toward this end. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed 200 consecutive CT scans (400 sides) of the paranasal sinuses...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905023/distinct-cortical-and-sub-cortical-neurogenic-domains-for-gabaergic-interneuron-precursor-transcription-factors-nkx2-1-olig2-and-coup-tfii-in-early-fetal-human-telencephalon
#7
Ayman Alzu'bi, Susan Lindsay, Janet Kerwin, Shi Jie Looi, Fareha Khalil, Gavin J Clowry
The extent of similarities and differences between cortical GABAergic interneuron generation in rodent and primate telencephalon remains contentious. We examined expression of three interneuron precursor transcription factors, alongside other markers, using immunohistochemistry on 8-12 post-conceptional weeks (PCW) human telencephalon sections. NKX2.1, OLIG2, and COUP-TFII expression occupied distinct (although overlapping) neurogenic domains which extended into the cortex and revealed three CGE compartments: lateral, medial, and ventral...
November 30, 2016: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903538/right-ventricular-dysfunction-impairs-effort-tolerance-independent-of-left-ventricular-function-among-patients-undergoing-exercise-stress-myocardial-perfusion-imaging
#8
Jiwon Kim, Antonino Di Franco, Tania Seoane, Aparna Srinivasan, Polydoros N Kampaktsis, Alexi Geevarghese, Samantha R Goldburg, Saadat A Khan, Massimiliano Szulc, Mark B Ratcliffe, Robert A Levine, Ashley E Morgan, Pooja Maddula, Meenakshi Rozenstrauch, Tara Shah, Richard B Devereux, Jonathan W Weinsaft
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) and left ventricular (LV) function are closely linked due to a variety of factors, including common coronary blood supply. Altered LV perfusion holds the potential to affect the RV, but links between LV ischemia and RV performance, and independent impact of RV dysfunction on effort tolerance, are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: The population comprised 2051 patients who underwent exercise stress myocardial perfusion imaging and echo (5...
November 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903372/-risk-factors-of-cardiac-rupture-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#9
Z J Liu, H T Miao, S P Nie
Objective: To analyze the risk factors of cardiac rupture in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Methods: Clinical data were analyzed from 10 284 acute myocardial infarction patients admitted to Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2012 to March 2015. Cardiac rupture occurred in 81 patients, including 67 patients of acute left ventricular free wall rupture and 14 patients of ventricular septal defect, were retrospectively analyzed. Binary logistics regression analysis was performed to analyze the risk factors of cardiac rupture...
October 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902954/multi-recurrent-invasive-ameloblastoma-a-surgical-challenge
#10
Fatemah Faras, Fawaz Abo-Alhassan, Yona Israël, Barbara Hersant, Jean-Paul Meningaud
INTRODUCTION: Ameloblastomas are rare head and neck tumors, and yet the most common odontogenic neoplasms. They account for 1% and 11% of all head and neck and odontogenic tumors respectively. Embryologically, they originate from remnants of odontogenic epithelium. Their aggressive, destructive nature, as well as their anticipated high rate of recurrence, even after en bloc resection, poses a surgical predicament. PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 56 year-old Asian female with a multi-recurrent invasive ameloblastoma...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900852/association-of-ultrasound-based-measures-of-fetal-body-composition-with-newborn-adiposity
#11
S Ikenoue, F Waffarn, K Sumiyoshi, M Ohashi, C Ikenoue, C Buss, D L Gillen, H N Simhan, S Entringer, P D Wadhwa
BACKGROUND: Newborns exhibit substantial variation in gestational age-adjusted and sex-adjusted fat mass proportion. The antecedent characteristics of fetal body composition that are associated with newborn fat mass proportion are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether a composite measure of fetal fat mass is prospectively associated with newborn adiposity. METHODS: In a longitudinal study of 109 low-risk pregnancies, fetal ultrasonography was performed at approximately 12, 20 and 30 weeks gestation...
November 29, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900714/is-there-asymmetry-between-the-concave-and-convex-pedicles-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-ct-investigation
#12
Colin M Davis, Caroline A Grant, Mark J Pearcy, Geoffrey N Askin, Robert D Labrom, Maree T Izatt, Clayton J Adam, J Paige Little
BACKGROUND: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is a complex three-dimensional deformity of the spine characterized by deformities in the sagittal, coronal, and axial planes. Spinal fusion using pedicle screw instrumentation is a widely used method for surgical correction in severe (coronal deformity, Cobb angle > 45°) adolescent idiopathic scoliosis curves. Understanding the anatomic difference in the pedicles of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is essential to reduce the risk of neurovascular or visceral injury through pedicle screw misplacement...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900401/vaginal-wall-weakness-in-parous-ewes-a-potential-preclinical-model-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#13
Natharnia Young, Anna Rosamilia, John Arkwright, Joseph Lee, Miranda Davies-Tuck, Joan Melendez, Jerome Werkmeister, Caroline E Gargett
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Ewes develop pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and may be a suitable model for preclinical studies evaluating cell-based therapies for POP. The aim of this study was to establish a clinical score of vaginal weakness and to compare POP Quantification System (POP-Q) values in conscious nulliparous and parous ewes and determine whether ewes are a suitable POP model. METHODS: Ewes (n = 114) were examined while conscious, without sedation, and standing in a V conveyer by adapting the human POP-Q measurement...
November 29, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899069/gastric-dilatation-and-intestinal-obstruction-mimicking-acute-coronary-syndrome-with-dynamic-electrocardiographic-changes
#14
H M M T B Herath, Anne Thushara Matthias, B S D P Keragala, W A E Udeshika, Aruna Kulatunga
BACKGROUND: ST elevation myocardial infarction is a medical emergency and the electrocardiogram is a part of the mainstay in the initial diagnosis. A variety of non-cardiac conditions have been known to mimic the electrocardiographic changes seen in acute coronary syndrome. We present a patient presenting with acute partial intestinal obstruction causing gastric distension and intestinal dilatation who also had dynamic electrocardiographic changes, mimicking anterior ST elevation myocardial infarction...
November 29, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898505/clinical-role-of-post-angioplasty-hyperemic-microvascular-resistances-in-chronic-ischemic-left-ventricular-dysfunction
#15
Riccardo Gorla, Edoardo Verna, Simone Scotti, Sergio Ghiringhelli, Laura Zoli, Stefano Provasoli, Silvana Garancini, Roberto De Ponti, Jorge A Salerno-Uriarte
AIMS: To investigate the impact of hyperemic microvascular resistances (HMRs) on myocardial perfusion and contractility after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in chronic ischemic left ventricular dysfunction (CILVD). METHODS: The current retrospective study included 48 patients with CILVD of the left anterior descending territory undergoing HMRs assessment before and after PCI with a dual-sensor intracoronary pressure-flow wire. The severity of resting myocardial underperfusion and contractile dysfunction of the left anterior descending territory was scored as summed rest score (SRS-T) by single photon emission tomography, wall motion score index (WMSI-T) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) by transthoracic echocardiography before PCI and after 3 months...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898453/resolution-of-rectal-prolapse-by-vaginal-reconstruction
#16
Hemikaa Devakumar, Neeraja Chandrasekaran, Alexandriah Alas, Laura Martin, G Willy Davila, Eric Hurtado
BACKGROUND: Rectal prolapse is a disorder of the pelvic floor in which the layers of the rectal mucosa protrude outward through the anus. Surgical repair is the mainstay of treatment. Options include intra-abdominal procedures such as rectopexy and perineal procedures such as the Delorme and Altemeier perineal rectosigmoidectomy. Rectal and vaginal prolapse can often coexist. However, to our knowledge, there are no reported cases of rectal prolapse resolved by the repair of a compressive enterocele abutting the anterior rectal wall through a vaginal approach alone...
November 28, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896659/the-relationship-between-pulsatile-flow-impingement-and-intraluminal-thrombus-deposition-in-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#17
Richard J Lozowy, David C S Kuhn, Annie A Ducas, April J Boyd
Direct numerical simulations were performed on four patient-specific abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) geometries and the resulting pulsatile blood flow dynamics were compared to aneurysm shape and correlated with intraluminal thrombus (ILT) deposition. For three of the cases, turbulent vortex structures impinged/sheared along the anterior wall and along the posterior wall a zone of recirculating blood formed. Within the impingement region the AAA wall was devoid of ILT and remote to this region there was an accumulation of ILT...
November 28, 2016: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894894/junctional-zone-thickness-in-young-nulliparous-women-according-to-menstrual-cycle-and-hormonal-contraception-use
#18
Liesbeth Johannes Meylaerts, Leen Wijnen, Martijn Grieten, Yvan Palmers, Willem Ombelet, Marjan Vandersteen
This prospective study aims to determine the optimal menstrual phase and uterine location to detect the thickest junctional zone by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Healthy nulliparous women were subdivided according to their use of hormonal contraception. Each women was investigated three times during their menstrual cycle. Eighteen nulliparous non-users and 29 nulliparous users of hormonal contraception (mean age 26.4 and 25.8 years, respectively) underwent a pelvic MRI (1.5T) examination during the follicular, ovulatory and luteal phase...
November 10, 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894584/pre-expanded-internal-mammary-artery-perforator-flap
#19
REVIEW
Stacy Wong, James D Goggin, Nicholas D Webster, Michel H Saint-Cyr
Internal mammary artery (IMA)-based pedicled perforator flaps can be used to reconstruct defects of the neck and anterior chest wall. Pre-expansion causes a possible delay phenomenon, improves flap survival, and decreases donor site morbidity. It also increases the area that can be covered. Pre-expanding can allow for perforator flaps that require a shorter arc of rotation. The pre-expanded internal mammary artery perforator (IMAP) flap is an excellent option for patients who have undergone multiple failed reconstructions and require large amounts of soft tissue while lacking other donor sites...
January 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894032/clinical-outcomes-in-women-undergoing-laparoscopic-hysteropexy-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
R Nair, K I Nikolopoulos, L S Claydon
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the current evidence on the anatomic and functional outcomes in women undergoing laparoscopic hysteropexy. STUDY DESIGN: An electronic database search was undertaken (2000-2016). Keywords were: "laparoscopy", "hysteropexy", "cervicopexy", "uterine suspension", "uterosacral plication". References of identified studies as well as abstracts from conferences were considered. We restricted the search to humans, female patients and currently used surgical procedures...
November 20, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
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