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Anterior wall

Quan Zhou, Li Hong, Jing Wang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to elucidate the molecular mechanisms and to identify the key genes and pathways for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) using bioinformatics analysis. METHODS: The microarray data for GSE53868 included 12 POP and 12 non-POP anterior vaginal wall samples. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified by GEO2R online tool. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were performed using the DAVID database, and a DEG-associated protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed using STRING and visualized in Cytoscape...
March 15, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
D A Gol'bin, V A Cherekaev
The article presents the literature data on the structural variability and age-related features of the midline anatomical structures of the anterior skull base (frontal sinus, ethmoid bone, anterior parasellar region, and medial orbital wall). This is the area of surgical interests of neurosurgeons and rhinosurgeons. The study objective is to analyze the literature data on the individual variability and age-related anatomy of these structures. The work is illustrated with original images from the authors' personal archive...
2018: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
Daniele Alberti, Laura Righetti, Adrian Bianchi, Gian Luigi de'Angelis, Giovanni Boroni
BACKGROUND: Bowel dilatation is a common adaptive mechanism after intestinal resection. The symptomatic dilated dysmotile duodenum is difficult to manage, since conventional bowel tailoring and lengthening techniques are potentially hazardous because of the anatomy of the duodenal blood supply, the proximity to the pancreas, and the risk of injury to the common bile duct. METHODS: A 2-month-old child with short bowel and a symptomatic massively dilated duodenum was treated with a Transverse Flap Duodenoplasty (TFD)...
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
Masatoshi Hotta, Ryogo Minamimoto, Shuji Kubota, Toru Awaya, Yukio Hiroi
A 75-year-old woman with a history of sarcoidosis presenting with low cardiac output and complete right bundle-branch block underwent 4'-[methyl-C]-thiothymidine (4DST) PET/CT after cardiac MRI and FDG PET/CT for the evaluation of suspected cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) before treatment. Cardiac MRI revealed late gadolinium enhancement on the anterior-to-lateral and posterior wall, indicating CS. FDG uptake was shown on the anterior-to-lateral wall, but not on the posterior wall. In contrast, 4DST uptake was demonstrated on both anterior-to-lateral and posterior walls...
March 13, 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Dorothee Boehm, Konstantin Bergmeister, Emre Gazyakan, Thomas Kremer, Ulrich Kneser, Volker J Schmidt
AIMS: Reconstruction of breasts and chest wall deformities in female patients after severe burn injury is a challenge for reconstructive surgeons. In these patients, neither implant-based procedures nor standard free flaps are sometimes applicable because of limited skin quality and unavailability of donor sites at the abdomen, back, buttock, or medial thigh. METHODS: We present a case of a young female patient with a history of 80 % total body surface area burn after electric high-voltage injury...
March 13, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Robert Noelken, Maximilian Moergel, Martin Kunkel, Wilfried Wagner
OBJECTIVES: As the 2-year results for immediately inserted and provisionalized implants have been reported, it remained an open issue, whether the initially high success rates and the esthetic outcome remain stable for longer observation periods. Therefore, this prospective study examines the 5-year hard and soft tissue changes at implants placed in the anterior maxilla. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Meanwhile, 37 microthreaded implants were placed in 21 patients into extraction sockets with and without facial bone deficiencies by a flapless approach...
March 2018: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Danilo Italo Pio Buca, Marco Liberati, Eleonora Falò, Martina Leombroni, Maria Di Giminiani, Marta Di Nicola, Alessandro Santarelli, Franco Frondaroli, Francesco Fanfani
Female pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common condition and the correction of prolapse remains a major challenge for the surgical community. A retrospective study of women with POP undergoing pelvic reconstructive surgery with the Elevate System followed-up for 48 months. A total of 138 women with POP were included in the study. We observed an objective cure rate of 94.9% for the anterior wall after 4 years' follow-up. The subjective cure rate was 97.1%. Improvement in the urinary symptoms was seen after the surgery: the number of asymptomatic patients increased from 14...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
S V Zykov, Yu E Kropacheva, N G Smirnov, Yu V Dimitrova
In the narrow-headed vole, enamel microwear of the first mandibular molar (of the protoconid and entoconid anterior enamel wall) was studied under the laboratory conditions and at the fixed feed composition. The classic parameters and the area of the enamel prism lesion were taken into account. The enamel lesion patterns caused by the tooth-tooth and tooth-food interactions have been determined. Differences were found between the voles kept on feed with different abrasive properties, as well as between the lingual and buccal conids of the first mandibular molar...
January 2018: Doklady Biological Sciences: Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Biological Sciences Sections
Amir Pourmorteza, Noemie Keller, Richard Chen, Albert Lardo, Henry Halperin, Marcus Y Chen, Elliot McVeigh
Resting regional wall motion abnormality (RWMA) has significant prognostic value beyond the findings of computed tomography (CT) coronary angiography. Stretch quantification of endocardial engraved zones (SQUEEZ) has been proposed as a measure of regional cardiac function. The purpose of the work reported here was to determine the effect of lowering the radiation dose on the precision of automatic SQUEEZ assessments of RWMA. Chronic myocardial infarction was created by a 2-h occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery in 10 swine (heart rates 80-100, ejection fraction 25-57%)...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Fabien Squara, Didier Scarlatti, Philippe Riccini, Gauthier Garret, Pamela Moceri, Emile Ferrari
BACKGROUND: Fluoroscopic criteria have been described for the documentation of septal right ventricular (RV) lead positioning, but their accuracy remains questioned. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients undergoing pacemaker or defibrillator implantation were prospectively included. RV lead was positioned using postero-anterior and left anterior oblique 40° incidences, and right anterior oblique 30° to rule out coronary sinus positioning when suspected. RV lead positioning using fluoroscopy was compared to true RV lead positioning as assessed by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE)...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
Nadim Mahmud, Kirk J Wangensteen
Prostate cancer is commonly diagnosed by using a transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsy. Although this procedure is usually well tolerated, rarely it may be complicated by massive rectal bleeding. We report a case of a 77-year-old male who underwent a TRUS biopsy and subsequently developed recurrent episodes of rectal bleeding with syncope and anemia requiring the transfusion of multiple units of blood. A sigmoidoscopy revealed the source of the bleeding: a large hemorrhoid on the anterior wall of the rectum with an overlying ulceration...
February 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
X J Lyu, L Li, R Kong, B Sun
The retroperitoneum space comprises anterior pararenal space, perirenal space and posterior pararenal space. Pancreas is a retroperitoneal organ and located in the anterior pararenal space of the retroperitoneum. Left and right sides anterior pararenal space are potentially communicated, which contains many adipose tissues and a little connective tissues. The exacerbation of acute pancreatitis results in the lesion spreading into adjacent area of pancreas in the retroperitoneal space. In addition, the lesion could spread into bare area of stomach, posterior colonic region, subperitoneal space and pelvic retroperitoneal space through the same anatomical space or communicating space...
March 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
C Deng, W D Ni, S Q Guo, G Luo, W Shui, B Qiao
Objective: To discuss the clinical outcomes of treating delayed acetabular fractures by combined anterior and posterior approach. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 31 delayed acetabular fractures from February 2012 to February 2017 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, including 18 males and 13 females with age of 48.5 years(23 to 67 years) .The injury to the operation time was 35.9 days(22 to 183 days). Of these 31 cases, there were 6 cases of transverse and posterior wall fracture, 8 cases with anterior column+ posterior half transverse fracture, 12 cases with double column fracture and 5 cases of "T" type fracture according to Letournel-Judet classification...
March 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Wenfeng Chen, Lianxiang He, Liqing Yue, Mijung Park, Haoyu Deng
The purpose of the present study was to examine a new protocol involving the spontaneous correction of the misplaced tip of a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC). Patients with PICCs misplaced in the jugular or contralateral subclavian veins were recruited. All patients underwent chest X-ray (CXR) after 3 days. In addition, those whose PICC tip still was misplaced and received another CXR after 4 days. The functions of the catheters, the subjective feelings of the patients, and local symptoms of the neck and upper anterior chest wall were recorded...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Steve Halligan, Sam G Parker, Andrew A Plumb, Alastair C J Windsor
Complex ventral hernia (CVH) describes large, anterior, ventral hernias. The incidence of CVH is rising rapidly due to increasing laparotomy rates in ever older, obese and co-morbid patients. Surgeons with a specific interest in CVH repair are now frequently referring these patients for imaging, normally computed tomography scanning. This review describes what information is required from preoperative imaging and the surgical options and techniques used for CVH repair, so that radiologists understand the postoperative appearances specific to CVH and are aware of the common complications following surgery...
March 12, 2018: European Radiology
Etienne W Henn, Hennie S Cronje
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: A rectocele is the bulging of the anterior rectal wall into the posterior vaginal compartment. The route of surgical repair can be transvaginal, transrectal or abdominal. The aim of this retrospective study is to describe a novel transvaginal surgical procedure and investigate the associated subjective and objective clinical outcomes. METHODS: Database records were retrieved for all women who underwent a rectocele plication for the period from January 2010 until December 2015 in a referral urogynecology unit with a minimum follow-up period of 12 months...
March 12, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Gökhan Akkurt, Önder Sürgit, Hakan Ataş, Mustafa Alimoğullari
AIM: We aimed to evaluate the possible effects of dissecting gastric breves (GB) during the Laparoscopic Nissen Fundoplication (LNF) on the gastric fundus and splenic circulation using dynamic Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). METHODS: In total 14 patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) that was diagnosed with esophagogastroduodenoscopy and 24 - hour PH monitorization and undergoing LNF surgery were included. All patients underwent LNF surgery between October 2006 and March 2010...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Issei Hirata, Hideaki Kinugasa, Kouji Miyahara, Reiji Higashi, Masaki Kunihiro, Toshiaki Morito, Kouichi Ichimura, Takehiro Tanaka, Masahiro Nakagawa
A 75-year-old woman visited our hospital for the examination of esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) without any major complaint. The patient's medical history included hypertension, but no carcinoma. EGD revealed a 30-mm elevated lesion located in the anterior wall of the upper region of the stomach. The lesion, which was a 0-IIa+I type lesion with fading-like and light flare-like domains, was surgically removed using endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) and then the patient was diagnosed with gastric type adenoma with submucosal invasive carcinoma...
2018: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
Pius Kim, Suk Jung Jang
OBJECTIVE: Surgical clipping of the cerebral aenurysm is considered as a standard therapy with endovascular coil embolization. The surgical clipping is known to be superior to the endovascular coil embolization in terms of recurrent rate. However, a recurrent aneurysm which is initially treated by surgical clipping is difficult to handle. The purpose of this study was to research the management of the recurrent cerebral aneurysm after a surgical clipping and how to overcome them. METHODS: From January 1996 to December 2015, medical records and radiologic findings of 14 patients with recurrent aneurysm after surgical clipping were reviewed retrospectively...
March 2018: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Anubha Saha, Sanchita Roy
INTRODUCTION: Papillary muscle plays an important role in stabilizing the position of the tricuspid valve. Several pathologies can result in anatomical and functional abnormalities of the papillary muscles. The aim of the study is to deliberate the morphometry of papillary muscles in tricuspid valve and to analyze with the eminent research works previously done. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out in 52 formalin-fixed adult apparently normal cadaveric hearts belonging to either sex obtained from the Department of Anatomy...
February 9, 2018: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
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