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Nutrition in chronic kidney disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429558/is-there-a-role-or-target-value-for-nutritional-vitamin-d-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
Wai H Lim, Emma L Duncan
Vitamin D is important for bone health in the general population but the value of vitamin D supplementation, and the role of 25-hydroxyvitamin D independently of 1,25-dihydroxyvitmain D, in individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD), particularly in those who require dialysis, remains uncertain. Supplementation may improve some biochemical parameters, such as reducing PTH levels in patients to CKD-stage 4 who have vitamin D deficiency; but it remains to be established whether the role of nutritional vitamin D in maintaining bone health in the general population can be extrapolated to the CKD population...
March 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423031/comorbidities-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#2
Hyemin Jeong, Sun Young Baek, Seon Woo Kim, Yeong Hee Eun, In Young Kim, Hyungjin Kim, Jaejoon Lee, Eun-Mi Koh, Hoon-Suk Cha
This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of comorbidities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) compared with the non-RA population. The 2010-2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), which assesses the general health status of populations in South Korea using interviews and basic health assessment, was analyzed retrospectively. Weighted prevalence and odds ratio (OR) of comorbidities were analyzed in patients with RA compared with the non-RA population. The overall weighted (n = 37,453,158) prevalence of RA was 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419531/urinary-incontinence-and-hydration-a-population-based-analysis
#3
Marcella Willis-Gray, Jennifer M Wu, Alayne Markland
AIMS: To determine if there is an association between urinary incontinence (UI) and an objective measure of hydration status in men and women in a nationwide, population-based sample. METHODS: We utilized data from the 2009 to 2010 and 2011 to 2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES), cross sectional surveys of the US non-institutionalized population. Our primary outcome was moderate/severe UI measured using a validated scale. Our exposure of interest was hydration status...
April 18, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410862/state-level-awareness-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-u-s
#4
Sai H Dharmarajan, Jennifer L Bragg-Gresham, Hal Morgenstern, Brenda W Gillespie, Yi Li, Neil R Powe, Delphine S Tuot, Tanushree Banerjee, Nilka Ríos Burrows, Deborah B Rolka, Sharon H Saydah, Rajiv Saran
INTRODUCTION: This study examined state-level variation in chronic kidney disease (CKD) awareness using national estimates of disease awareness among adults in the U.S. with CKD. METHODS: Data on U.S. adults were obtained from two national, population-based surveys: (1) the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS 2011; n=506,467), a state-level phone survey containing information on self-reported kidney disease; and (2) the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 2005-2012; n=20,831), containing physical health examination, surveys containing data on self-reported kidney disease, risk factors, and laboratory values...
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407463/number-of-existing-permanent-teeth-is-associated-with-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-elderly-korean-population
#5
Hye-Sun Shin
Background/Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the association between the number of existing permanent teeth and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a representative sample of the elderly Korean population. Methods: A total of 2,519 subjects who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were cross-sectionally examined. The number of existing permanent teeth was evaluated by clinical oral examination. CKD was defined based on definition and classification by Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) 2012 guidelines...
April 14, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396734/low-lean-tissue-mass-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-mortality-in-patients-with-stages-4-and-5-non-dialysis-chronic-kidney-disease
#6
Almudena Vega, Soraya Abad, Nicolás Macías, Inés Aragoncillo, Alba Santos, Isabel Galán, Santiago Cedeño, Juan Manuel López-Gómez
Background: Mortality in patients with stages 4 and 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) is higher than in the general population. Body composition predicts mortality. Our objective was to evaluate the effect of body composition on mortality in patients with stages 4 and 5 non-dialysis CKD. Methods: We performed a prospective study of 356 patients with stages 4 and 5 non-dialysis CKD. At baseline, we recorded general characteristics, history of cardiovascular events, body composition, serum inflammatory markers, nutrition and cardiac biomarkers...
April 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396719/case-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-a-patient-with-hereditary-tyrosinemia-in-the-post-newborn-screening-era
#7
Essam M Imseis, John S Bynon, Chad Thornhill
Hereditary tyrosinemia type 1 (HT-1) is a metabolic disorder caused by a defect in tyrosine degradation. Without treatment, symptoms of hepatomegaly, renal tubular dysfunction, growth failure, neurologic crises resembling porphyrias, rickets and possible hepatocellular carcinoma can develop. The use of 2-(2-nitro-4-trifluoromethylbenzoyl)-1,3-cyclohexanedione and early diagnosis through newborn screening initiatives have resulted in a sharp decline in morbidity and mortality associated with this disease. We present a case report of a 7-year-old patient with HT-1 who was born prior to the addition of tyrosinemia to the newborn screening in her birth area...
March 28, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394274/vegetarian-diet-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-friend-or-foe
#8
REVIEW
Anna Gluba-Brzózka, Beata Franczyk, Jacek Rysz
Healthy diet is highly important, especially in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Proper nutrition provides the energy to perform everyday activities, prevents infection, builds muscle, and helps to prevent kidney disease from getting worse. However, what does a proper diet mean for a CKD patient? Nutrition requirements differ depending on the level of kidney function and the presence of co-morbid conditions, including hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The diet of CKD patients should help to slow the rate of progression of kidney failure, reduce uremic toxicity, decrease proteinuria, maintain good nutritional status, and lower the risk of kidney disease-related secondary complications (cardiovascular disease, bone disease, and hypertension)...
April 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392941/insulin-resistance-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Mihaela Vladu, Diana Clenciu, Ion Cristian Efrem, Mircea-Cătalin Forțofoiu, Anca Amzolini, Simona Tudorică Micu, Maria Moţa, Maria Forțofoiu
Background and Aims. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease which can evolve towards devastating micro- and macrovascular complications. DM is the most frequent cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Insulin resistance plays an important role in the natural history of type 1 diabetes. The purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence of CKD in T1DM and the correlation with insulin resistance (IR) in patients with CKD. Materials and Methods. The study was conducted over a period of three years (2010-2013) and included patients with DM registered in the Clinical Centre of Diabetes, Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases of Dolj county...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388993/prognostic-impact-of-the-geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-on-long-term-outcomes-in-patients-who-underwent-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#10
Hideki Wada, Tomotaka Dohi, Katsumi Miyauchi, Shinichiro Doi, Ryo Naito, Hirokazu Konishi, Shuta Tsuboi, Manabu Ogita, Takatoshi Kasai, Ahmed Hassan, Shinya Okazaki, Kikuo Isoda, Satoru Suwa, Hiroyuki Daida
Malnutrition has been identified as an important predictor of poor clinical outcomes in patients with heart failure. The aim of this study is to examine the prognostic impact of nutritional status in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The impact of nutrition, assessed using the geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) calculated by serum albumin and body mass index, was evaluated in 2,853 patients with CAD who underwent their first PCI between 2000 and 2011...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386744/impact-of-chronic-kidney-disease-among-korean-adults-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#11
Min Young Kim, Sungmin Boo, Mijung Yoo, Jonghyun Lee, Na Ree Kang
PURPOSE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an emerging issue in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In COPD, loss of muscle mass is relatively common finding, and diagnosis of CKD should be based on measured or estimated GFR (Cavailles et al. Eur Respir Rev 22:454-475, 2013; Gosker et al. Am J Clin Nutr 71:1033-1047, 2000; Delanaye and Mariat Nat Rev Nephrol 9:513-522, 2013). We aimed to determine the prevalence and impact of CKD, defined by using chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation, in COPD patients...
April 6, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375181/dietary-metabolites-and-chronic-kidney-disease
#12
REVIEW
Sho Hasegawa, Tzu-Ming Jao, Reiko Inagi
Dietary contents and their metabolites are closely related to chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression. Advanced glycated end products (AGEs) are a type of uremic toxin produced by glycation. AGE accumulation is not only the result of elevated glucose levels or reduced renal clearance capacity, but it also promotes CKD progression. Indoxyl sulfate, another uremic toxin derived from amino acid metabolism, accumulates as CKD progresses and induces tubulointerstitial fibrosis and glomerular sclerosis. Specific types of amino acids (d-serine) or fatty acids (palmitate) are reported to be closely associated with CKD progression...
April 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371919/nutritional-assessment-of-elderly-patients-on-dialysis-pitfalls-and-potentials-for-practice
#13
Juliana Rodrigues, Lilian Cuppari, Katrina L Campbell, Carla Maria Avesani
The chronic kidney disease (CKD) population is aging. Currently a high percentage of patients treated on dialysis are older than 65 years. As patients get older, several conditions contribute to the development of malnutrition, namely protein energy wasting (PEW), which may be compounded by nutritional disturbances associated with CKD and from the dialysis procedure. Therefore, elderly patients on dialysis are vulnerable to the development of PEW and awareness of the identification and subsequent management of nutritional status is of importance...
March 22, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367435/effect-of-underlying-renal-disease-on-nutritional-and-metabolic-profile-of-older-adults-with-reduced-renal-function
#14
Silvia Lai, Maria Ida Amabile, Silvia Altieri, Daniela Mastroluca, Carlo Lai, Paola Aceto, Massimiliano Crudo, Anna Rita D'Angelo, Maurizio Muscaritoli, Alessio Molfino
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is a common condition in the general population, particularly among older adults. Renal impairment is in turn associated with metabolic and nutritional derangements and with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. AIM: To compare the metabolic, nutritional, and cardiovascular impact of reduced kidney function between patients with and without known renal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled consecutive outpatients (age ≥65 years) with reduced renal function who were divided into two groups: Group A with history of renal disease and Group B with unknown renal disease...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360983/association-between-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-levels-and-dry-eye-in-korean-adults-a-study-based-on-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-2011
#15
Min Ji Kim, Hye Rim Hwang, Yun-Jin Kim, Sang-Yeoup Lee, Jeong-Gyu Lee, Dong-Wook Jeong, Yun Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Dry eye is a common disease. Many patients continue to experience residual symptoms despite optimal treatment. Thus, new treatment options are required. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels and dry eye. METHODS: This study was performed using data from the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which is a cross-sectional study of the Korean population that was conducted from 2010 to 2011...
March 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347570/nonpharmacologic-strategies-to-modulate-nuclear-factor-erythroid-2-related-factor-2-pathway-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#16
Marta Esgalhado, Peter Stenvinkel, Denise Mafra
Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a transcription factor with a high sensitivity to oxidative stress, which regulates the expression of detoxifying enzymes, besides that, can also control antioxidant and anti-inflammatory cellular responses. Therefore, the modulation of this transcription factor can be a new therapeutic approach to reduce complications in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, like oxidative stress and inflammation, which leads to increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease, the major cause of death in these patients...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346572/effectiveness-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-sarcopenia-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-analysis
#17
H Harada, H Kai, H Niiyama, Y Nishiyama, A Katoh, N Yoshida, Y Fukumoto, H Ikeda
OBJECTIVE: Sarcopenia is a syndrome characterized by progressive and generalized loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength, with the risk of frailty and poor quality of life. This study aimed to clarify the clinical characteristics of sarcopenia and to investigate the effects of comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation (CCR), including nutrition, physical exercise and medication, in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: We retrospectively studied 322 inpatients with CVD (age 72±12 years)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346348/vitamin-d-in-chronic-kidney-disease-and-dialysis-patients
#18
REVIEW
Guillaume Jean, Jean Claude Souberbielle, Charles Chazot
Vitamin D deficiency (<20 ng/mL) and insufficiency (20-29 ng/mL) are common among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) or undergoing dialysis. In addition to nutritional and sunlight exposure deficits, factors that affect vitamin D deficiency include race, sex, age, obesity and impaired vitamin D synthesis and metabolism. Serum 1,25(OH)₂D levels also decrease progressively because of 25(OH)D deficiency, together with impaired availability of 25(OH)D by renal proximal tubular cells, high fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-23 and decreased functional renal tissue...
March 25, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320132/early-markers-of-kidney-dysfunction-and-cognitive-impairment-among-older-adults
#19
Yudan Wei, Yinan Kevin Wei, Jianmin Zhu
BACKGROUND: Age-related decline in kidney function can be an important risk factor for cognitive impairment in older adults. In this study, we examined several kidney function measures for the association with cognitive function in older adults in hope to identify early and sensitive markers that can be used for the detection or screening for cognitive impairment. METHODS: A total of 1982 older participants (aged ≥60years) in the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey was analyzed for the association between kidney function and cognitive impairment using multivariate logistic regression and general linear models...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319485/recent-trends-in-the-prevalence-of-chronic-kidney-disease-not-the-same-old-song
#20
Raymond K Hsu, Neil R Powe
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We aim to review recent updates on the epidemiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD). RECENT FINDINGS: Recent analyses from the National Health and Nutritional Examination survey describe the temporal trend in CKD prevalence in US adults. The overall prevalence of estimated glomerular filtration rate less than 60 ml/min/1.73 m increased from 4.8% in 1988-1994 to 6.9% in 2003-2004, but has since stabilized at 6.4-6.9% up to 2011-2012. Prevalence of CKD stages 1-4 has also stabilized at ∼14% of adults since 2003-2004...
May 2017: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
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