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Nutrition in chronic kidney disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531407/cost-effectiveness-of-treatment-with-nutritional-supplements-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
Gregor Mlinšek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531404/differences-in-the-nutritional-treatment-of-the-acute-and-chronic-kidney-disease
#2
Kersnič Boštjan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531401/nutritional-requirements-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#3
Nina Battelino, Rina Rus, Gregor Novljan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531399/algorithm-on-enteral-nutrition-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#4
Reina Dovč Dimec
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531398/pitfalls-of-nutritional-assessment-and-support-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
Andrej Škoberne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531397/most-consumed-processed-foods-by-patients-on-hemodialysis-alert-for-phosphate-containing-additives-and-the-phosphate-to-protein-ratio
#6
Marcela T Watanabe, Raphael M Araujo, Barbara P Vogt, Pasqual Barretti, Jacqueline C T Caramori
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hyperphosphatemia is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages IV and V because of decreased phosphorus excretion. Phosphatemia is closely related to dietary intake. Thus, a better understanding of sources of dietary phosphate consumption, absorption and restriction, particularly inorganic phosphate found in food additives, is key to prevent consequences of this complication. Our aims were to investigate the most commonly consumed processed foods by patients with CKD on hemodialysis, to analyze phosphate and protein content of these foods using chemical analysis and to compare these processed foods with fresh foods...
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506761/the-decline-in-kidney-function-with-chromium-exposure-is-exacerbated-with-co-exposure-to-lead-and-cadmium
#7
Tsung-Lin Tsai, Chin-Chi Kuo, Wen-Harn Pan, Yu-Teh Chung, Chiu-Ying Chen, Trong-Neng Wu, Shu-Li Wang
Environmental factors contribute significantly to the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease. However, these factors, and particularly the toxic effects of heavy metals, have not been completely evaluated. Chromium is a widespread industrial contaminant that has been linked to nephrotoxicity in animal and occupational population studies. Nevertheless, its role in population renal health and its potential interactions with other nephrotoxic metals, such as lead and cadmium, remain unknown. We assessed the association between exposure to chromium, lead, and cadmium with renal function using estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in an analysis of 360 Taiwanese adults aged 19-84 years from the National Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (2005-2008)...
May 12, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506221/the-association-between-urbanization-and-reduced-renal-function-findings-from-the-china-health-and-nutrition-survey
#8
Yosuke Inoue, Annie Green Howard, Amanda L Thompson, Michelle A Mendez, Amy H Herring, Penny Gordon-Larsen
BACKGROUND: While chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a growing public health concern in low- and middle-income countries, such as China, few studies have investigated the association between urbanization and the occurrence of CKD in those countries. METHODS: We investigated the association between urbanization and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), an important CKD risk marker. Data came from the China Health and Nutrition Survey wave 2009, in which we collected fasting serum, individual and household data along with community level urbanization data, which was used to derive a study-specific urbanization measure, in 218 communities across nine provinces...
May 15, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505087/the-effect-of-diet-on-the-survival-of-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#9
REVIEW
Jacek Rysz, Beata Franczyk, Aleksandra Ciałkowska-Rysz, Anna Gluba-Brzózka
The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is high and it is gradually increasing. Individuals with CKD should introduce appropriate measures to hamper the progression of kidney function deterioration as well as prevent the development or progression of CKD-related diseases. A kidney-friendly diet may help to protect kidneys from further damage. Patients with kidney damage should limit the intake of certain foods to reduce the accumulation of unexcreted metabolic products and also to protect against hypertension, proteinuria and other heart and bone health problems...
May 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498348/nutrients-turned-into-toxins-microbiota-modulation-of-nutrient-properties-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#10
REVIEW
Raul Fernandez-Prado, Raquel Esteras, Maria Vanessa Perez-Gomez, Carolina Gracia-Iguacel, Emilio Gonzalez-Parra, Ana B Sanz, Alberto Ortiz, Maria Dolores Sanchez-Niño
In chronic kidney disease (CKD), accumulation of uremic toxins is associated with an increased risk of death. Some uremic toxins are ingested with the diet, such as phosphate and star fruit-derived caramboxin. Others result from nutrient processing by gut microbiota, yielding precursors of uremic toxins or uremic toxins themselves. These nutrients include l-carnitine, choline/phosphatidylcholine, tryptophan and tyrosine, which are also sold over-the-counter as nutritional supplements. Physicians and patients alike should be aware that, in CKD patients, the use of these supplements may lead to potentially toxic effects...
May 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488689/effects-of-vitamin-d-or-its-analogues-on-the-mortality-of-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
R J Lu, S M Zhu, F L Tang, X S Zhu, Z D Fan, G L Wang, Y F Jiang, Y Zhang
The objective of this study was to assess whether vitamin D (VD) treatment alters the overall all-cause and cardiovascular mortalities in a chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. We systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials without language restriction, until the publication date of 22 February 2016. All related literatures that compared VD treatment with non-VD treatment and reported the mortality of patients with CKD (including those undergoing dialysis) were identified...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468675/validation-of-an-instrument-for-measuring-satisfaction-of-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis
#12
Mauricio Sanabria-Arenas, Julia Tobón- Marín, María Claudia Certuche-Quintana, Ricardo Sánchez-Pedraza
BACKGROUND: Patients' satisfaction is an indicator of the quality of healthcare services. Its measurement involves developing and validating complex instruments. The purpose of this study was to validate a scale for measuring hemodialysis patients' satisfaction with the provided care, the Scale for Evaluation of Hemodialysis Patient's Satisfaction with Service provided at a Chronic Kidney Disease Unit (or ESUR-HD, its acronym in Spanish). METHODS: The instrument was applied to 370 patients undergoing hemodialysis for undertaking exploratory and confirmatory analyses, internal consistency assessment, and Rasch analysis...
May 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468236/non-traditional-aspects-of-renal-diets-focus-on-fiber-alkali-and-vitamin-k1-intake
#13
Adamasco Cupisti, Claudia D'Alessandro, Loreto Gesualdo, Carmela Cosola, Maurizio Gallieni, Maria Francesca Egidi, Maria Fusaro
Renal diets for advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) are structured to achieve a lower protein, phosphate and sodium intake, while supplying adequate energy. The aim of this nutritional intervention is to prevent or correct signs, symptoms and complications of renal insufficiency, delaying the start of dialysis and preserving nutritional status. This paper focuses on three additional aspects of renal diets that can play an important role in the management of CKD patients: the vitamin K1 and fiber content, and the alkalizing potential...
April 29, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452932/eating-like-a-rainbow-the-development-of-a-visual-aid-for-nutritional-treatment-of-ckd-patients-a-south-african-project
#14
Cecile Verseput, Giorgina Barbara Piccoli
Providing nutritional education for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients in South Africa is complicated by several conditions: the population is composed of diverse ethnic groups, each with its own culture and food preferences; eleven languages are spoken and illiteracy is common in the lower socio-economic groups. Food preparation and storage are affected by the lack of electricity and refrigeration, and this contributes to a monotonous diet. In traditional African culture, two meals per day are often shared "from the pot", making portion control difficult...
April 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446125/soluble-transferrin-receptor-as-a-marker-of-erythropoiesis-in-patients-undergoing-high-flux-hemodialysis
#15
Pei Yin, Jijun Li, Yan Song
Anemia is a common complication in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients receiving hemodialysis. The effect of high-flux dialysis (HFD) on anemia remains unclear. This prospective study aimed to evaluate the effect of HFD on anemia, and the potential of soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) as a marker of iron status and erythropoiesis in CKD patients on hemodialysis. Forty patients, who switched from conventional low-flux dialysis to HFD for 12 months, were enrolled in this study. The levels of sTfR, hemoglobin, iron, and nutritional markers, as well as the dose of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) and use of chalybeate were determined at 0, 2, 6, and 12 months after starting HFD...
April 27, 2017: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441953/anatomic-fat-depots-and-cardiovascular-risk-a-focus-on-the-leg-fat-using-nationwide-surveys-knhanes-2008-2011
#16
Eugene Han, Yong-Ho Lee, Byung-Wan Lee, Eun Seok Kang, In-Kyu Lee, Bong-Soo Cha
BACKGROUND: Although central fat is a well-known risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cardiometabolic disorders, the effect of other regional fats or muscle distribution on CVD risk has not been fully investigated. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using nationally representative samples of 15,686 subjects from the 2008-2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Individual CVD risk was evaluated in adults aged ≥20 without prior CVD, using atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk equations according to the 2013 ACC/AHA guidelines...
April 26, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439567/sarcopenia-obesity-and-mortality-in-us-adults-with-and-without-chronic-kidney-disease
#17
Lagu Androga, Deep Sharma, Afolarin Amodu, Matthew K Abramowitz
INTRODUCTION: In pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD), the association of muscle mass with mortality is poorly defined, and no study has examined outcomes related to the co-occurrence of low muscle mass and excess adiposity (sarcopenic-obesity). Methods: We examined abnormalities of muscle and fat mass in adult participants of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2004. We determined whether associations of body composition with all-cause mortality differed between participants with CKD compared to those without...
March 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434761/improvement-in-nutritional-status-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-4-by-a-nutrition-education-program-with-no-impact-on-renal-function-and-determined-by-male-sex
#18
Almudena Pérez-Torres, Elena González Garcia, Helena Garcia-Llana, Gloria Del Peso, Ana María López-Sobaler, Rafael Selgas
OBJECTIVE: Protein-energy wasting (PEW) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality and a rapid deterioration of kidney function in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, there is little information regarding the effect of nutrition intervention. The aims of this study were to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a nutrition education program (NEP) in patients with nondialysis dependent CKD (NDD-CKD), based on the diagnostic criteria for PEW proposed by the International Society of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434208/dietary-interventions-for-adults-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#19
REVIEW
Suetonia C Palmer, Jasjot K Maggo, Katrina L Campbell, Jonathan C Craig, David W Johnson, Bernadet Sutanto, Marinella Ruospo, Allison Tong, Giovanni Fm Strippoli
BACKGROUND: Dietary changes are routinely recommended in people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on the basis of randomised evidence in the general population and non-randomised studies in CKD that suggest certain healthy eating patterns may prevent cardiovascular events and lower mortality. People who have kidney disease have prioritised dietary modifications as an important treatment uncertainty. OBJECTIVES: This review evaluated the benefits and harms of dietary interventions among adults with CKD including people with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) treated with dialysis or kidney transplantation...
April 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433072/correlations-of-dietary-energy-and-protein-intakes-with-renal-function-impairment-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-with-or-without-diabetes
#20
Mei-En Chen, Shang-Jyh Hwang, Hung-Chun Chen, Chi-Chih Hung, Hsin-Chia Hung, Shao-Chun Liu, Tsai-Jiin Wu, Meng-Chuan Huang
Dietary energy and protein intake can affect progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). CKD complicated with diabetes is often associated with a decline in renal function. We investigated the relative importance of dietary energy intake (DEI) and dietary protein intake (DPI) to renal function indicators in nondiabetic and diabetic CKD patients. A total of 539 Stage 3-5 CKD patients [estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)<60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation] with or without diabetes were recruited from outpatient clinics of Nephrology and Nutrition in a medical center in Taiwan...
May 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
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