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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433381/collateral-circulation-between-angiosomes-in-the-feet-of-diabetic-patients
#1
Erkan Orhan, Ömer Özçağlayan
Objectives The main factor in the healing of foot ulcers in diabetic patients is adequate perfusion. There is no consensus on whether direct or indirect revascularization is more effective in leg revascularization. At the centre of that debate, there is a disagreement about whether collateral circulation is sufficient or not. Our aim is to evaluate collateral circulation activity between angiosomes in the feet of diabetic patients by evaluating the level of occlusion in leg arteries and comparing the angiosome regions that have necrosis...
January 1, 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431508/head-heart-and-feet-in-exercise-and-weight-management
#2
Paul E Terry
It has been argued that the willpower of our citizenry hasn't measurably changed during the decades in which our nation's waistlines have measurably expanded. I agree, and I'd also submit that a weakening of political willpower and a lack of moral courage among those of us called to leadership is the more disturbing culprit. A case needs to be made that what we know and believe as a profession is most readily measured by what we permit to happen. As you review the sum of the research in this special issue on activity, weight, and diabetes, I anticipate you will share my observation that the current action in health promotion is less about dieting, exercise prescriptions, and chronic condition management and more about the right mix of head, heart, and feet...
March 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414152/inflammation-role-in-sensory-neuropathy-in-chinese-patients-with-diabetes-prediabetes
#3
Jing Zeng, Yalin Xu, Yao Shi, Chenyin Jiang
OBJECTIVES: Prediabetes involves people with glucose-metabolism impairment, and is related to different diabetic complications, like peripheral neuropathy. We aimed to explore the relationship among inflammatory (tumor necrosis factor alpha [TNFα]) and antiinflammatory (interleukin 10 [IL10]) cytokines as well as neuropathy of very distal-sensory-nerves in Chinese patients with prediabetes/diabetes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the present study, 55 patients having prediabetes, 55 patients having type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), and 48 controls were included...
January 31, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410772/the-abrupt-temperature-changes-in-the-plantar-skin-thermogram-of-the-diabetic-patient-looking-in-to-prevent-the-insidious-ulcers
#4
REVIEW
Francisco-J Renero-C
Background: One of the complications of the diabetes mellitus is the amputation of the lower limbs. This complication may be developed after an insidious ulcer, that may be raised by the peripheral neuropathy or the ischaemic limb, and that the ulcer get infected. That is, to develop an ulcer, in the diabetic patient, three factors should be taken into the account, the autonomic nervous system, the blood supply and the inmune system. Methods: In this work, the thermogram is used to identify regions on the plantar skin with blood supply deficiencies and the behaviour of the thermoregulation process...
2018: Diabetic Foot & Ankle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404247/endoscopic-endonasal-resection-of-retrochiasmatic-craniopharyngioma-with-fascia-lata-button-and-nasoseptal-flap-reconstruction
#5
Varun R Kshettry, Gurston Nyquist, James J Evans
Surgery for craniopharyngiomas can be challenging due to the involvement of multiple critical neurovascular structures. The expanded endoscopic endonasal approach can provide superior access to suprasellar craniopharyngiomas, particularly with retrochiasmatic extension and significant hypothalamic involvement. We describe the surgical technique used to treat a 30-year-old patient who presented with 4 weeks of worsening vision, fatigue, and memory loss. His vision was counting fingers at 1 feet on the right and 20/800 on the left with a temporal hemianopsia...
February 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402807/recent-advances-and-future-opportunities-to-address-challenges-in-offloading-diabetic-feet-a-mini-review
#6
Ryan T Crews, Abagayle L King, Sai V Yalla, Noah J Rosenblatt
Diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) are a substantial dilemma for geriatric individuals with diabetes. The breakdown in tissue associated with DFU is typically a result of repetitive cycles of physical stress placed on the feet during weight-bearing activity. Accordingly, a key tenet in healing as well as preventing DFU is the use of offloading footwear to redistribute physical stress away from high stress locations such as bony prominences. Over the last several years there has been a substantial amount of effort directed at better understanding and implementing the practice of offloading...
January 16, 2018: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396205/the-identification-of-higher-forefoot-temperatures-associated-with-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-as-detected-by-thermography
#7
Alfred Gatt, Kevin Cassar, Owen Falzon, Christian Ellul, Kenneth P Camilleri, Jean Gauci, Stephen Mizzi, Anabelle Mizzi, Cassandra Sturgeon, Nachiappan Chockalingam, Cynthia Formosa
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether heat emitted from the feet of patients with type 2 diabetes (DM) and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) differed from those with type 2 diabetes without complications (DM). METHODS: A non-experimental, comparative prospective study design was employed in a tertiary referral hospital. Out of 223 randomly selected participants (430 limbs) who were initially tested, 62 limbs were categorized as DM+PAD and 22 limbs as DM without PAD...
January 29, 2018: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385996/the-association-between-cold-hypersensitivity-in-the-hands-and-feet-and-chronic-disease-results-of-a-multicentre-study
#8
Kwang-Ho Bae, Ho-Yeon Go, Ki-Hyun Park, Ilkoo Ahn, Youngheum Yoon, Siwoo Lee
BACKGROUND: Cold hypersensitivity in the hands and feet (CHHF) is a common symptom in Korea and patients with CHHF complain of coldness in the hands and feet in an environment that is not considered cold by unaffected people. In traditional East Asian medicine, CHHF is believed to be accompanied by various diseases and symptoms, and is considered a symptom that needs active treatment. CHHF is used for pattern identification in the cold pattern, yang deficiency, and constitution. This study aimed to examine the differences in frequencies of chronic diseases with respect to the presence of CHHF...
January 31, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380548/corneal-confocal-microscopy-detects-severe-small-fibre-neuropathy-in-diabetes-patients-with-charcot-neuroarthropathy
#9
Adnan Khan, Ioannis N Petropoulos, Georgios Ponirakis, Robert A Menzies, Omar Chidiac, Jennifer Pasquier, Charbel A Khalil, Talal K Talal, Rayaz A Malik
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to identify the extent of small fibre neuropathy in patients with Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 20 patients with CN were compared to 20 age and diabetes duration-matched patients with Type 2 diabetes and 20 age-matched controls. All patients underwent CCM with quantification of corneal nerve morphology and assessment for vibration perception threshold and a subset of patients with CN underwent assessment of sudomotor function and neuropathic pain...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371890/diabetic-foot-australia-guideline-on-footwear-for-people-with-diabetes
#10
Jaap J van Netten, Peter A Lazzarini, David G Armstrong, Sicco A Bus, Robert Fitridge, Keith Harding, Ewan Kinnear, Matthew Malone, Hylton B Menz, Byron M Perrin, Klaas Postema, Jenny Prentice, Karl-Heinz Schott, Paul R Wraight
Background: The aim of this paper was to create an updated Australian guideline on footwear for people with diabetes. Methods: We reviewed new footwear publications, (inter)national guidelines, and consensus expert opinion alongside the 2013 Australian footwear guideline to formulate updated recommendations. Result: We recommend health professionals managing people with diabetes should: (1) Advise people with diabetes to wear footwear that fits, protects and accommodates the shape of their feet...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371725/diabetic-neuropathy-and-painful-diabetic-neuropathy-cinderella-complications-in-south-east-asia
#11
Hamad Almuhannadi, Georgios Ponirakis, Adnan Khan, Rayaz Ahmed Malik
The most common and debilitating microvascular complication of diabetes is diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN), affecting 50-90% of people with diabetes. The major manifestations of DPN are painful (pDPN) and painless diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Painful symptoms, occur in the feet and are worse at night and whilst they alert both the patient and physician, are often misdiagnosed and mismanaged. The devastating presentation of painless neuropathy with loss of sensation is foot ulceration and Charcot foot...
January 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366905/hand-dysfunction-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Shubha Gundmi, Arun G Maiya, Anil K Bhat, N Ravishankar, Manjunatha H Hande, K V Rajagopal
BACKGROUND: People with type 2 diabetes mellitus frequently show complications in feet and hands. However, the literature has mostly focused on foot complications. The disease can affect the strength and dexterity of the hands, thereby reducing function. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review and meta-analysis focused on identifying the existing evidence on how type 2 diabetes mellitus affects hand strength, dexterity and function. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE via PubMed, CINHAL, Scopus and Web of Science, and the Cochrane central register of controlled trials for reports of studies of grip and pinch strength as well as hand dexterity and function evaluated by questionnaires comparing patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and healthy controls that were published between 1990 and 2017...
January 27, 2018: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366344/complications-after-multiple-site-peripheral-nerve-blocks-for-foot-and-ankle-surgery-compared-with-popliteal-sciatic-nerve-block-alone
#13
Young Uk Park, Jae Ho Cho, Doo Hyung Lee, Wan Sun Choi, Han Dong Lee, Keun Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: Single or combined multiple-site peripheral nerve blocks (PNBs) are becoming popular for patients undergoing surgery on their feet or ankles. These procedures are known to be generally safe in surgical settings compared with other forms of anesthesia, such as spinal block. The purposes of this study were to assess the incidence of complications after the administration of multiple PNBs for foot and ankle surgery and to compare the rates of complications between patients who received a single PNB and those who received multiple blocks...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361921/-happy-feet-evaluating-the-benefits-of-a-100-day-10-000-step-challenge-on-mental-health-and-wellbeing
#14
K T Hallam, S Bilsborough, M de Courten
BACKGROUND: An increased awareness of the health benefits of walking has emerged with the development and refinement of accelerometer equipment. Evidence is beginning to highlight the value of promoting walking, particularly focusing on the Japanese mark of obtaining 10,000 steps per day. Workplace based step challenges have become popular to engage large cohorts in increasing their daily physical activity in a sustainable and enjoyable way. Findings are now highlighting the positive health effects of these medium-term programs (typically conducted over a few months) in terms of cardiovascular health, reducing diabetes risk and improving lifestyle factors such as weight and blood pressure...
January 24, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332930/bullosis-diabeticorum-a-rare-presentation-with-immunoglobulin-g-igg-deposition-related-vasculopathy-case-report-and-focused-review
#15
Hardik Sonani, Sohail Abdul Salim, Vishnu V Garla, Anna Wile, Venkataraman Palabindala
BACKGROUND Bullosis diabeticorum (BD) is a condition characterized by recurrent, spontaneous, and non-inflammatory blistering in patients with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus. While etiopathogenesis remains unclear, roles of neuropathy, vasculopathy and UV light are hypothesized. Most literature reports negative direct and indirect immunofluorescence findings in diabetics with bullous eruptions. Porphyria cutanea tarda, bullous pemphigoid, epidermolysis bullosa, and pseudoporphyria are other differential diagnoses of bullous lesions, and they must be excluded...
January 15, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319509/prevalence-influencing-factors-antibiotic-resistance-toxin-and-molecular-characteristics-of-staphylococcus-aureus-and-mrsa-nasal-carriage-among-diabetic-population-in-the-united-states-2001-2004
#16
Jialing Lin, Yang Peng, Chan Bai, Ting Zhang, Haoqu Zheng, Xiaojie Wang, Jiaping Ye, Xiaohua Ye, Ying Li, Zhenjiang Yao
Diabetic population were reported more likely to suffer carriage and infection with Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) than non-diabetic population. We aim to elucidate the prevalence and characteristics of S. aureus and MRSA nasal carriage among diabetic population in the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2004. Univariate analyses were conducted using Chi-square test, Fisher's exact probability test or student t test, as appropriate...
December 4, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302533/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-foot-care-in-patients-with-diabetes-at-central-rural-india
#17
Bharati Amar Taksande, Mukesh Thote, U N Jajoo
Introduction: Diabetic foot syndrome is one of the common and most devastating preventable complications of diabetes mellitus (DM). It is associated with morbidity and premature mortality due to long-term complications affecting foot. The American Diabetes Association recommends that people with diabetes should have a comprehensive foot examination once per year. Most of the foot problems can be prevented with careful foot care. It may take effort and time to build up good foot care habits, but self-care is essential...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284179/differences-in-pain-thresholds-elicited-by-intraoral-electrical-stimuli-between-individuals-with-and-without-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Takahiro Ogawa, Suguru Kimoto, Yoshio Nakashima, Nobuhiko Huruse, Masanori Ono, So Furokawa, Masakazu Okubo, Hidenori Yamaguchi, Yasuhiko Kawai
There is little evidence about sensation in individuals with diabetes mellitus (DM) in the dental research field. We investigated whether pain thresholds (PTs) differ between individuals with and without DM (non-DM; NDM). To this end, we assessed whether PTs obtained from the oral cavity, hands, and feet differed from each other and across groups, and whether PTs differed for the three current frequencies used for testing (2000 Hz, 250 Hz, and 5 Hz). PT measurements were obtained from the oral mucosa and the tips of the fingers and toes of 56 volunteers, including 21 individuals with DM (12 men and 9 women, average age: 72...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282395/lichen-planus-pemphigoides-induced-by-enalapril-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-literature
#19
Woranit Onprasert, Kumutnart Chanprapaph
Lichen planus pemphigoides (LPP) is a rare autoimmune bullous dermatosis. The clinical presentation of LPP may mimic bullous pemphigoid making the diagnosis difficult. A thorough clinical, histopathological, and immunological evaluation is essential for the diagnosis of LPP. The etiology is largely idiopathic; however, there are several case reports of drug-induced LPP. We report an 81-year-old Thai woman with underlying hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus who presented with a 4-week history of multiple tense bullae initially on the hands and feet that subsequently expanded to the trunk and face...
September 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251018/cardiovascular-outcomes-with-canagliflozin-is-it-on-the-canvas
#20
Sheila Doggrell
Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors (the 'gliflozins') promote the excretion of glucose from the kidney to lower HbA1c. Empagliflozin was the first gliflozin shown to improve cardiovascular and renal outcomes in subjects with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Areas covered: In the Canagliflozin Cardiovascular Assessment Study (CANVAS) Program, there were improvements in the primary cardiovascular and exploratory renal outcomes with canagliflozin, compared to placebo. The safety outcome finding, which was of most interest, was that there was a higher risk of amputation of toes, feet, or legs with canagliflozin than in the placebo group...
December 18, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
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