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Distress and diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165096/depression-and-self-efficacy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-nothern-greece
#1
Paraskevi Sympa, Eugenia Vlachou, Kyriakos Kazakos, Ourania Govina, George Stamatiou, Maria Lavdaniti
BACKGROUND: Depression represents one of the most common disorders in diabetic patients and frequently complicates the health care of this population. Poor self-efficacy has been associated with increased depressive symptoms as well as poor glycemic control. OBJECTIVE: Τo assess depression and self-efficacy in adults with type 2 diabetes in Northern Greece and to explore the factors which may affect them in this group of population. METHOD: A descriptive study was conducted in a tertiary hospital in the largest city of Northern Greece...
November 20, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157869/adapting-and-validating-a-measure-of-diabetes-specific-self-compassion
#2
M L Tanenbaum, R N Adams, J S Gonzalez, S J Hanes, K K Hood
AIMS: Self-compassion (SC), or treating oneself with kindness when dealing with personal challenges, has not been rigorously examined in people with T1D. SC has been shown to buffer against negative emotions and to be linked to improved health outcomes, but diabetes-specific SC has not been studied. This study aimed to adapt the Self-Compassion Scale and validate it for a diabetes-specific population. METHODS: We developed and validated a diabetes-specific version of the Self-Compassion Scale (Neff, 2003) in a sample of adults with T1D (N=542; 65% female; 97% non-Hispanic White; M age 41, SD=15...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157581/sleep-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-and-their-parents-in-the-t1d-exchange
#3
Sarah S Jaser, Nicole C Foster, Bryce A Nelson, Julie M Kittelsrud, Linda A DiMeglio, Maryanne Quinn, Steven M Willi, Jill H Simmons
OBJECTIVES: Sleep has physiological and behavioral impacts on diabetes outcomes, yet little is known about the impact of sleep disturbances in children with type 1 diabetes. The current study sought to characterize sleep in children with type 1 diabetes and in their parents and to examine the associations between child sleep, glycemic control and adherence, parent sleep and well-being, parental fear of hypoglycemia, and nocturnal caregiving behavior. METHODS: Surveys were emailed to parents of 2- to 12-year-old participants in the Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) Exchange clinic registry...
November 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151719/reducing-social-distress-for-chronic-disease-patients-in-primary-care-an-intervention-for-latino-type-2-diabetes-patients-seen-at-community-health-centers
#4
Nancy A Allen, Sofija Zagarins, Garry Welch
Background: Social and behavioral factors have important direct and indirect effects on chronic disease onset and progression. The U.S. health care system is beginning to focus on assessment and management of social and behavioral problems through federal mandates related to meaningful use of electronic health records and improved patient outcomes. Methods: We examined the clinical adoption of a 20-item screening tool to measure social distress focusing on type 2 diabetes...
November 2017: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151662/associations-between-economic-pressure-and-diabetes-efficacy-in-couples-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
Joshua R Novak, Jared R Anderson, Matthew D Johnson, Ann Walker, Allison Wilcox, Virginia L Lewis, David C Robbins
Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore dyadic associations between economic pressure and diabetes self-efficacy via emotional distress in patients with type 2 diabetes and their partners. Background: Understanding how economic pressure is associated with successful diabetes management is an important area for research, as couples with type 2 diabetes can incur heavy economic pressures that could likely influence diabetes outcomes. Method: Data from 117 married couples were used to test actor-partner associations using moderated mediation analyses in a structural equation modeling framework...
April 2017: Family Relations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149182/comparison-between-public-and-private-sectors-of-care-and-disparities-in-adverse-neonatal-outcomes-following-emergency-intrapartum-cesarean-at-term-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Woonji Jang, Christopher Flatley, Ristan M Greer, Sailesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Perinatal outcomes may be influenced by a variety of factors including maternal demographics and medical condition as well as socio-economic status. The evidence for disparities in health outcomes stratified by type of care (public or private) is lacking. The aim of this study was to investigate short term neonatal outcomes following category 1 and 2 emergency cesareans at term between publicly and privately funded women at a single major tertiary centre in Australia. Category 1-immediate threat to life (maternal or fetal); Category 2-maternal or fetal compromise that is not immediately life-threatening...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146122/health-and-wellbeing-of-indigenous-adolescents-in-australia-a-systematic-synthesis-of-population-data
#7
Peter S Azzopardi, Susan M Sawyer, John B Carlin, Louisa Degenhardt, Ngiare Brown, Alex D Brown, George C Patton
BACKGROUND: Indigenous populations have high rates of disease and premature mortality. Most Indigenous communities are young, and adolescence (age 10-24 years) provides great opportunities for population health gain. However, the absence of a comprehensive account of Indigenous adolescents' health has been a barrier to effective policy. We aimed to report a national health profile for Indigenous adolescents in Australia. METHODS: We undertook a systematic synthesis of population data to report the health and wellbeing of Indigenous adolescents in Australia...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138541/the-effect-of-peer-support-in-adults-with-insulin-pump-treated-type-1-diabetes-a-pilot-study-of-a-flexible-and-participatory-intervention
#8
Lene Eide Joensen, Merete Meldgaard Andersen, Sabrina Jensen, Kirsten Nørgaard, Ingrid Willaing
Aim: The aim of this study was to explore the effects of a flexible and participatory peer support intervention in a clinical setting for adults with type 1 diabetes treated with an insulin pump, focusing on enhancing diabetes-specific social capital. The key questions were as follows: 1) what effects are appropriate to expect, according to participants? and 2) to what extent did these effects occur? Methods: Two peer support intervention programs were conducted in a diabetes specialist clinic (N=30)...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138272/the-role-of-peers-for-diabetes-management-in-adolescents-and-emerging-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-a-longitudinal-study
#9
Koen Raymaekers, Leen Oris, Sofie Prikken, Philip Moons, Eva Goossens, Ilse Weets, Koen Luyckx
OBJECTIVE: The increasing importance of peers in adolescence and emerging adulthood has been widely acknowledged. However, longitudinal research linking the peer context to diabetes management and outcomes is scarce. The present longitudinal study in a large sample of youths with type 1 diabetes related both positive and negative peer variables to diabetes outcomes over a time interval of 1 year. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Our sample consisted of 467 adolescents (14-17 years of age) and emerging adults (18-25 years of age) with type 1 diabetes who participated in a two-wave longitudinal study...
November 14, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132457/-relationship-between-serum-25-oh-d-levels-at-birth-and-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-preterm-infants
#10
Ren-Qiang Yu, Dao-Zhen Chen, Xiao-Qing Hao, Shi-Hong Jiang, Guang-Dong Fang, Qin Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels at birth and respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants. METHODS: This retrospective study recruited preterm infants with gestational age of below 34 weeks who were born between January 2014 and December 2016. These preterm infants were divided into two groups: RDS (n=72) and control (n=40). Clinical data of the two groups were collected, including gestational age, birth weight, gender, delivery mode, Apgar scores at 1 minute and 5 minutes, incidence of maternal gestational diabetes mellitus, and use of prenatal steroid hormone...
November 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131123/exploring-factors-associated-with-depression-and-anxiety-among-hospitalized-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#11
Abdulkareem AlBekairy, Salah AbuRuz, Bandar Alsabani, Abdulmajeed Alshehri, Tariq Aldebasi, Abdulmalik Alkatheri, Hind Almodaimegh
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the current study were to determine the prevalence and severity of anxiety and depression, and to explore associated factors among hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: All patients with type 2 diabetes (160 patients) who were admitted to the Internal Medicine Wards, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, during the study period were asked to participate and 158 patients agreed to do so. A self-administered questionnaire consisting of two parts was used...
November 3, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130667/-pregnant-outcomes-of-multiparae-in-women-with-advanced-age-%C3%A2-35-years-after-the-2008-wenchuan-earthquake
#12
Jing Fu, Xue-Jiao Li, Hui-Li Zhu, Yong Song, Shi-Yuan Yang, Jing Tan, Guo-Jun Zhou, Wei Huang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pregnancy outcomes of multiparae in women with advanced age (≥35 yr.) after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. METHODS: Clinical data of 542 pregnant women with prenatal care in Wenchuan during 20082013 were reviewed,comparing preconception conditions,pregnant rates,pregnant complications,and perinatal outcomes between those younger ( n=176) and older ( n=366) than 35 years. RESULTS: In the 542 women,622 conceptions were reported,with 517 deliveries and 522 live births...
September 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122108/predictors-of-insulin-uptake-among-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-in-the-stepping-up-study
#13
Elizabeth Holmes-Truscott, John Furler, Irene Blackberry, David N O'Neal, Jane Speight
AIMS: We aimed to investigate predictors of insulin uptake, and change in insulin appraisals, among adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who participated in the Stepping Up trial. METHODS: The Stepping Up model of care, supporting timely insulin initiation in primary care, was evaluated in a two-armed cluster-randomised controlled trial. Participants were 266 adults (mean±SD age 62±10years; 39% women) with T2DM (median (IQR) duration 8.5 (5, 13)years) from 74 primary care practices (Stepping Up intervention: 57%, control 43%)...
November 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116568/microaggressions-diabetes-distress-and-self-care-behaviors-in-a-sample-of-american-indian-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#14
Kelley J Sittner, Brenna L Greenfield, Melissa L Walls
American Indian/Alaska Native people experience the highest age-adjusted prevalence of type 2 diabetes of any racial group in the United States, as well as high rates of related health problems. Chronic stressors such as perceived discrimination are important contributors to these persistent health disparities. The current study used structural equation modeling to examine the relationships between racial microaggressions, diabetes distress, and self-care behaviors (diet and exercise) in a sample of 192 American Indians with type 2 diabetes from the northern United States...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114911/relationship-and-variation-of-diabetes-related-symptoms-sleep-disturbance-and-sleep-related-impairment-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#15
Bingqian Zhu, Laurie Quinn, Cynthia Fritschi
AIM: The objective of this study was to examine whether diabetes-related symptoms (e.g. fatigue, neuropathic pain, diabetes distress and depressive symptoms) were related to sleep disturbance and sleep-related impairment in adults with type 2 diabetes while controlling for potential covariates. BACKGROUND: In people with type 2 diabetes, sleep disturbance and sleep-related impairment are common and likely associated with diabetes-related symptoms. However, limited research has investigated the predictive ability of diabetes-related symptoms on sleep...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113335/maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-of-pregnant-women-with-type-1-diabetes-a-national-population-study
#16
Shu-Fu Lin, Chang-Fu Kuo, Meng-Jiun Chiou, Shang-Hung Chang
Pregnancy in women with type 1 diabetes is associated with poor maternal and neonatal outcomes. However, the risk of these outcomes has never been evaluated in an Asian national population. In this work, we report the maternal and fetal outcomes of pregnant women with type 1 diabetes in Taiwan. A total of 2,350,339 pregnancy records created between 2001 and 2012 were obtained from the National Health Insurance database and analyzed. Here, 630 pregnancy records were identified in women having type 1 diabetes...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110972/patient-reported-outcomes-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-treated-with-dulaglutide-added-to-titrated-insulin-glargine-award-9
#17
Maria Yu, Kate Van Brunt, Zvonko Milicevic, Oralee Varnado, Kristina S Boye
PURPOSE: This 28-week, randomized, double-blind study compared a once-weekly injection of dulaglutide 1.5 mg to placebo, both added to titrated once-daily insulin glargine (with or without metformin), in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and inadequate glycemia control (control defined as hemoglobin A1c, ≥7% and ≤10.5%). Patient-reported outcomes were assessed as an exploratory objective to further understand patients' physical, psychological, and social aspects of well-being and injection-device experience...
October 27, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108651/targeting-couple-and-parent-child-coercion-to-improve-health-behaviors
#18
Amy M Smith Slep, Richard E Heyman, Danielle M Mitnick, Michael F Lorber, Theodore P Beauchaine
This phase of the NIH Science of Behavior Change program emphasizes an "experimental medicine approach to behavior change," that seeks to identify targets related to stress reactivity, self-regulation, and social processes for maximal effects on multiple health outcomes. Within this framework, our project focuses on interpersonal processes associated with health: coercive couple and parent-child conflict. Diabetes and poor oral health portend pain, distress, expense, loss of productivity, and even mortality...
October 19, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106311/impact-of-an-automated-bihormonal-delivery-system-on-psychosocial-outcomes-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#19
Jill Weissberg-Benchell, Danielle Hessler, Lawrence Fisher, Steven J Russell, William H Polonsky
OBJECTIVES: The study assessed the psychosocial impact of the bihormonal bionic pancreas (BP) on adults in a real-world outpatient setting. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Thirty-nine adults with type 1 diabetes at four study centers across the U.S. participated in a two-arm, random-order, crossover design study: 11 days with the BP and 11 days with their usual care (UC). Psychosocial questionnaires were administered before the first study arm, at the end of the first study arm, and at the end of the second study arm...
November 6, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103660/the-effect-of-clinical-variables-on-distress-and-depressive-symptoms-among-heart-transplant-recipients
#20
Irena Milaniak, Ewa Wilczek-Rużyczka, Karol Wierzbicki, Anna Kędziora, Piotr Przybyłowski
BACKGROUND: Heart transplantation (HTx) is the standard treatment for end-stage cardiomyopathy and coronary artery disease. Although major improvements have been made in the prevention and treatment of acute graft rejection, comorbidities still limit the long-term survival of heart transplant recipients. The risk of poor outcome, such us major health status aggravation and death, can stimulate the occurrence of depression and stress in this population. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of comorbidities on depressive symptoms and distress among heart transplant recipients...
November 2, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
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