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Distress and diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334229/physical-and-psychological-health-of-carers-of-young-people-with-first-episode-psychosis
#1
Abner Weng Cheong Poon, Jackie Curtis, Philip Ward, Celia Loneragan, Julia Lappin
OBJECTIVE: Carers of people with psychosis may experience psychological distress and caregiving burden. However, few studies have examined both psychological and physical health of carers of young people with first episode psychosis (FEP). METHOD: A total of 32 young people with FEP and 42 of their carers were recruited from a mental health service. Standardised scales were administered to assess carers' psychological distress and risk for development of Type 2 diabetes...
January 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332635/fear-of-hypoglycemia-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-the-role-of-interoceptive-accuracy-and-prior-episodes-of-hypoglycemia
#2
Jennifer Grammes, Manuela Schäfer, Andrea Benecke, Ulrike Löw, Alena-Lynn Klostermann, Thomas Kubiak, Michael Witthöft
OBJECTIVE: Fear of hypoglycemia (FoH) is a limiting factor for diabetes self-management and can have detrimental effects on quality of life. However, relatively little is known about its underlying mechanisms. In line with findings on patients with anxiety disorders, we hypothesized that interoceptive accuracy (IA) might be positively linked to FoH in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). METHODS: 133 patients with T2DM were screened according to the extreme quartiles of the Hypoglycemia Fear Survey worry subscale (HFS-W)...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327498/relationship-style-and-glycaemic-control-in-women-with-type-2-diabetes-the-mediating-role-of-psychological-distress
#3
Omar Braizat, Richard Feinn, Gina Abbott, Julie Wagner
This study examined whether depressive symptoms and/or diabetes distress mediate the association between relationship style and glycaemic control in women with diabetes. Seventy-five women with type 2 diabetes completed the Relationship Questionnaire. Participants endorsing "secure" or "preoccupied" adult attachment were combined into the interactive relationship style and "dismissing/avoidant" or "fearful" adult attachment were combined into the independent relationship style. Glycaemic control was a latent variable composed of A1c and 48-hr continuously measured glucose...
January 12, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325841/single-center-experience-with-venovenous-ecmo-for-influenza-related-ards
#4
Jessica Buchner, Michael Mazzeffi, Zachary Kon, Jay Menaker, Lewis Rubinson, Gregory Bittle, Chetan Pasrija, Daniel Herr
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine whether venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) reduced mortality in patients with influenza-related acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was performed. Baseline characteristics of participants were compared and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare survival at last medical center follow-up. Cox proportional hazards modeling also was performed to test for univariate associations between salient variables and mortality...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325773/how-safe-is-metformin-when-initiated-in-early-pregnancy-a-retrospective-5-year-study-of-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-from-india
#5
Vanlalhruaii, Riddhi Dasgupta, Roshna Ramachandran, Jiji E Mathews, Annie Regi, Niranjan Thomas, Vijay Gupta, P Visalakshi, H S Asha, Thomas Paul, Nihal Thomas
BACKGROUND: The initiation of metformin in early pregnancy in Gestational Diabetes mellitus(GDM) remains controversial. The aim of our study was to assess the influence of Metformin on maternal and fetal outcomes when initiated within the first trimester of pregnancy in GDM. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A retrospective analysis of 540 women with diabetes complicating pregnancy (IADPSG criteria) over five years(January 2011 to May 2016)was done. The study population comprised of patients initiated on a)metformin within the first trimester (Group A:n=186),b) metformin after the first trimester(Group B:n=203) and c)insulin at any time during their pregnancy(Group C:n=151)...
January 8, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325518/experiences-of-gestational-diabetes-and-gestational-diabetes-care-a-focus-group-and-interview-study
#6
Judith Parsons, Katherine Sparrow, Khalida Ismail, Katharine Hunt, Helen Rogers, Angus Forbes
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is an increasingly common condition of pregnancy. It is associated with adverse fetal, infant and maternal outcomes, as well as an increased risk of GDM in future pregnancies and type 2 diabetes for both mother and offspring. Previous studies have shown that GDM can result in an emotionally distressing pregnancy, but there is little research on the patient experience of GDM care, especially of a demographically diverse UK population. The aim of this research was to explore the experiences of GDM and GDM care for a group of women attending a large diabetes pregnancy unit in southeast London, UK, in order to improve care...
January 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324827/psychometric-properties-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-12-item-diabetes-fatalism-scale
#7
Ola Sukkarieh-Haraty, Leonard E Egede, Joelle Abi Kharma, Maya Bassil
BACKGROUND: There are widespread fatalistic beliefs in Arab countries, especially among individuals with diabetes. However, there is no tool to assess diabetes fatalism in this population. This study describes the processes used to create an Arabic version of the Diabetes Fatalism Scale (DFS) and examine its psychometric properties. METHODS: A descriptive correlational design was used with a convenience sample of Lebanese adults (N = 274) with type 2 diabetes recruited from a major hospital in Beirut, Lebanon and by snowball sampling...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319923/attitudes-towards-mental-health-mental-health-research-and-digital-interventions-by-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-a-qualitative-analysis
#8
Janine Clarke, Judy Proudfoot, Veronica Vatiliotis, Charles Verge, Deborah J Holmes-Walker, Lesley Campbell, Kay Wilhelm, Catherine Moravac, Pillaveetil S Indu, Madeleine Bridgett
BACKGROUND: Young people with type 1 diabetes are at increased risk of mental disorders. Whereas treatment need is high, difficulty recruiting young people with type 1 diabetes into psychosocial studies complicates development, testing and dissemination of these interventions. OBJECTIVE: Interviews with young adults with type 1 diabetes were conducted to examine attitudes towards mental health and mental health research, including barriers and motivators to participation in mental health studies and preferred sources of mental health support...
January 10, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318099/a-small-molecule-impedes-insulin-fibrillation-another-new-role-of-phenothiazine-derivatives
#9
Meghomukta Mukherjee, Jagannath Jana, Subhrangsu Chatterjee
Protein misfolding is interrelated to several diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases and type II diabetes. Misfolded/unfolded proteins produce soluble oligomers that accumulate into "amyloid plaques". Inhibition of amyloid-plaque formation by those misfolded/unfolded proteins will lead to the invention of new therapeutic approaches for amyloid-related diseases. Herein, methylene blue (MB), a well-defined drug against multiple diseases and disorders, is used to impede insulin fibrillation. In this study, we perform an array of in vitro experiments to monitor the effects of MB on the fibrillation of bovine insulin...
January 2018: ChemistryOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301728/prevalence-and-determinants-of-diabetes-distress-in-patients-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-tertiary-care-centre
#10
Deepak Gahlan, Rajesh Rajput, Pratibha Gehlawat, Rajiv Gupta
BACKGROUND: Patients of diabetes mellitus experience psychological difficulties associated with their disease which remains unrecognized involving several states related to coping with diabetes. Diabetes distress is a distinct condition which is often mistaken for depression and is related to adverse disease outcomes. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence and predictors of diabetes distress in patients of Type 2 Diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a tertiary care centre...
December 22, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289692/activation-of-nrf2-signaling-by-natural-products-can-it-alleviate-diabetes
#11
REVIEW
Manuel Matzinger, Katrin Fischhuber, Elke H Heiss
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) has reached pandemic proportions and effective prevention strategies are wanted. Its onset is accompanied by cellular distress, the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a transcription factor boosting cytoprotective responses, and many phytochemicals activate Nrf2 signaling. Thus, Nrf2 activation by natural products could presumably alleviate DM. We summarize function, regulation and exogenous activation of Nrf2, as well as diabetes-linked and Nrf2-susceptible forms of cellular stress...
December 28, 2017: Biotechnology Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286939/clinical-profile-and-pattern-of-congenital-heart-disease-in-infants-of-diabetic-mother-and-infants-of-non-diabetic-mother-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#12
Suraiya Begum, Sanjoy Kumar Dey
OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical manifestations and pattern of congenital heart diseases (CHD) in infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs) and infants of non-diabetic mothers. METHODS: A prospective cross sectional study was carried out at tertiary care center over a period of thirty months. All neonates were included in this study if CHD were identified by echocardiography within this study period. Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test were used to compare between groups...
2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283609/-miscarried-helping-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-helping-for-health-inventory-couples
#13
Rika Tanaka, Paula M Trief, Kasandra Scales, Ruth S Weinstock
OBJECTIVE: Family-partner support has been associated with better blood glucose control, self-care adherence, and quality of life in adult patients with Type 2 diabetes (T2D). "Miscarried helping" has described interactions between youth with chronic diseases and their family members, in which a family member is helpful, but efforts are perceived as negative by the patient. Miscarried helping has not, however, been measured in adults with diabetes, which was the purpose of our study. METHOD: Data from a randomized clinical trial (n = 268) were analyzed to establish the psychometric properties and correlates of an adaptation of a measure of miscarried helping developed in pediatric populations, for use with adults with T2D...
December 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278829/efficacy-of-maternal-and-biological-parameters-at-the-time-of-diagnosis-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-predicting-neonatal-morbidity
#14
Guillaume Ducarme, François Desroys Du Roure, Aurélie Le Thuaut, Joséphine Grange, Jérôme Dimet, Ingrid Crepin-Delcourt
OBJECTIVE: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is independently associated with an increased risk of maternal-fetal complications. Improved glycemic control allows reducing perinatal morbidity and mortality and, specifically, the risk of macrosomia and shoulder dystocia which are the most common complications associated with GDM. Nonetheless, a need for early antenatal predictor of neonatal morbidity in women suffering from GDM is required. The objective of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of different maternal, biological, and antenatal parameters at the time of diagnosis of GDM or perinatal variables as predictors of neonatal morbidity...
December 19, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241925/a-community-based-epidemiological-survey-of-overactive-bladder-and-voiding-dysfunction-in-female-taiwanese-residents-aged-40-years-and-above
#15
Soo-Cheen Ng, Suh-Woan Hu, Gin-Den Chen
OBJECTIVE: This is part of a three-year study designed to evaluate the natural history of lower urinary tract symptoms in local community residents aged 40 years and above in central Taiwan. We evaluated the prevalence of overactive bladder (OAB) and voiding dysfunction (VD) in female residents using validated questionnaires. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A structured questionnaire containing groups of different questionnaires was translated into Chinese and each one was validated separately...
December 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235984/deaths-leading-causes-for-2015
#16
Melonie Heron
Objectives-This report presents final 2015 data on the 10 leading causes of death in the United States by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin. Leading causes of infant, neonatal, and postneonatal death are also presented. This report supplements "Deaths: Final Data for 2015," the National Center for Health Statistics' annual report of final mortality statistics. Methods-Data in this report are based on information from all death certificates filed in the 50 states and the District of Columbia in 2015. Causes of death classified by the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) are ranked according to the number of deaths assigned to rankable causes...
November 2017: National Vital Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226030/correction-prevalence-and-correlates-of-psychological-distress-among-diabetes-mellitus-adults-in-the-jilin-province-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Shuang Qiu, Hongxuan Sun, Yawen Liu, Joseph Sam Kanu, Ri Li, Yaqin Yu, Xufeng Huang, Bo Li, Xiangyang Zhang
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.7717/peerj.2869.].
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225393/implicit-and-explicit-communal-coping-in-couples-with-recently-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes
#18
Vicki S Helgeson, Brittany Jakubiak, Howard Seltman, Leslie Hausmann, Mary Korytkowski
When an individual in a close relationship is diagnosed with a chronic illness, coping can be the responsibility of the patient, or couple-members can cope communally. Communal coping reflects a shared appraisal of a stressor (our problem instead of my problem) and collaborative efforts to address the stressor. The current study examined whether patients' and partners' communal coping levels were associated with relational and health functioning among 70 couples in which one member was recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes...
2017: Journal of Social and Personal Relationships
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217502/the-impact-of-a-mobile-diabetes-health-intervention-on-diabetes-distress-and-depression-among-adults-secondary-analysis-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Charlene C Quinn, Krystal K Swasey, J Christopher F Crabbe, Michelle D Shardell, Michael L Terrin, Erik A Barr, Ann L Gruber-Baldini
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a complex, demanding disease that requires the constant attention of patients. The burden of self-management, including different medication regimens, routine self-care activities, and provider visits, has an impact on patients' emotional well-being. Diabetes distress and depression are two important components of emotional well-being that may negatively affect diabetes outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the impact of the 1-year Mobile Diabetes Intervention Study cluster randomized clinical trial on emotional well-being measured by diabetes distress and depression among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D)...
December 7, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216871/mental-health-literacy-among-pediatric-hospital-staff-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#20
Nabeel Al-Yateem, Rachel Rossiter, Walter Robb, Alaa Ahmad, Mahmoud Saleh Elhalik, Sumaya Albloshi, Shameran Slewa-Younan
BACKGROUND: In the United Arab Emirates (UAE) 35% of the population are aged 0-24 years. A significant proportion of these young people are living with chronic conditions (e.g., asthma, type 1 diabetes, cardiac conditions, and genetically-transmitted conditions such as thalassemia and cystic fibrosis). This group has increased vulnerability to developmental delays and mental health problems, and is increasingly coming to the attention of service providers in mainstream schools, primary healthcare centers, and pediatric hospitals...
December 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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